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COURSE PLANNING

Mrs.Manorama Issac
Lecturer
MEANING & DEFINITION
• A course may be defined as a complete series
of studies leading to graduation or a degree.
• It could also mean any of the seperate units of
instruction in a subject made of lectures &
classes.
• When all the relevant subject matters are
organized under one course heading it refers to
planning course of instruction.
PRINCIPLES
• State the objectives in behavioural terms,
which has to be achieved.
• Establish sequence
• Organize the content focusing on the students
rather than subject matter.
• It should allow for individual differences &
according to the level of the students.
PRINCIPLES
• There should be a logic in organizing units &
also should allow for problem solving.
• Promote cumulative learning.
• Integration
• Avoid repetition
• The course should provide variety in modes of
learning.
CONTENT FOR A COURSE
PLAN
• State the objectives to be achieved or
outcomes to be attained through the given
course.
• Specify the levels of learners ( I, II ,III, IV Yr).
• Mention the placement of the course within
the curriculum.
• Eg:- A course in Nursing foundation is placed
in the I st yr of nursing curriculum.
CONTENT FOR A COURSE
PLAN
• Organize the content in topic wise & unit wise.
• Describe the resource material & methods of
teaching in various set- ups.
• Describe the scheme of evelaution.
• Give reference for teachers & students.
• Include a seperate plan for practical learning.
LEVELS OF COURSE
PLANNING
• Courses are planned at:-
• University level,
• Institutional level, &
• Instructional level.
PURPOSE
• Teacher plan the units of work & the lesson
for each course, linking it to previous learning
of the students as well as related to the needs
of students.
• Without planning there will be little unity &
cohesion in what is being learnt.
ELEMENTS OF COURSE
PLANNING
• Objectives
• Specification of level of learner
• Placement in the curriculum
• Resource material needed for the course.
• Unit plans
• Evaluation measures
• Bibliography.
UNIT PLAN
DEFINITION
• Unit may be defined as a large subdivision of
the subject matter.
• Planning the unit is known as unit planning.
CRITERIA FOR A GOOD UNIT
• Principle of learning by whole.
• Principle of simple to complex
• Principle of integration
• Principle of relatedness
• Principe of specification
• Principle of sequence
CRITERIA FOR A GOOD UNIT
• A good unit includes the scope for variety of
learning experiences in relation to the subject
matter learned.
• A good unit places all the relevant topics
together.
• It help us to plan for time specification to
complete the unit, scheme of evaluation, etc.
TYPES OF UNIT PLANNING
• SUBJECT MATTER UNITS
• EXPERIENCE UNIT
• TEACHING- LEARNING UNIT
• PROCESS UNIT
• RESOURCE UNIT
ESSENTIAL ACTIVITIES IN
PLANNING A UNIT
• Selection & statement of objectives
• Selection of unit plan
• Selection of the learning situation
• Selection of content
• Distribution of time
ESSENTIAL ACTIVITIES IN
PLANNING A UNIT
• Organization of the content of unit
• Selection of teaching & learning activities
• Teacher's expertise
• Selection of methods of evaluation
• Selection of reference.
STEPS IN WRITING A UNIT
PLAN
• Read the subject matter related to the topic in
detail.
• Discuss with experts on the subject & also
refer to university syllabus.
• Include students & develop the unit
cooperatively by the teacher & student.
STEPS IN WRITING A UNIT
PLAN
• Write down the detail such as the title of the
unit, number of hour required to teach & the
practical experience, placement in the
curriculum, etc.
• Formulate the central objective & contributory
objectives.
STEPS IN WRITING A UNIT
PLAN
• Identify the content area & the methods of
teaching.
• Plan the teaching learning activities to attain
the objectives.
• Select the instructional aids to be used.
• Plan the experience- clinical, laborator, visits
etc.
STEPS IN WRITING A UNIT
PLAN
• Decide on the approximate no. of hrs. to be
given to classroom & clinical learning.
• Plan appropriate methods of evaluation &
select the tools or construct test for evaluation.
• Provide a list of books, journals, etc for
reference.
LESSON PLAN
DEFINITION
• A lesson plan is actually a plan of action.
• Lesson plan is the title given to a statement of
achievements to be realized & specific
meaning by which these are to be attained as a
result of the activities engaged during the
period.
-NL Bossing
PURPOSES
• It guides the teacher in presentation of subject
matter & activities involved.
• It provides definite objective for each day's
work.
• It helps to achieve definite goals & objectives.
PURPOSES
• It helps to maintain sequence of content
presentation.
• It aids in time management.
• It is essential for effective teaching.
• It is useful to select proper learning & best
technique
• It helps to avoid repetition.
PURPOSES
• It gives the teacher greater confidence &
greater freedom in teaching.
• It aids in deciding in advance of the AV Aids
& techniques to teaching.
• It helps in teaching & learning outcomes.
• It facilitates self & peer assessment of teaching
& future improvement of lessons.
POINTS TO
REMEMBER
• It should contain only main points or ideas or
concepts.
• Teacher should not become over dependent on
the lesson plan.
• Design for sequencing the subject matter.
POINTS TO REMEMBER
• Planning must be done keeping in mind the
level of understanding of the students & their
previous experience.
• The method of teaching planned should be
based on the objectives to be attained.
• Motivation to maintain interest & attention of
the class is important.
PREREQUISITES FOR GOOD
LESSON PLANNING
• The teacher should clearly state objectives.
• The content should be linked with the previous
knowledge of the students.
• The teacher must have adequate mastery.
• She must ensure active learner participation
during a class.
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF
LESSON PLAN
• Front page data such as Name, subject, topic,
class, duration, venue, A.V. Aids etc.
• Evaluation of previous knowledge.
• General learning objectives/ Central
objectives.
• Specific learning objectives/ Behavioral
objectives
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF
LESSON PLAN
• Selection & organization of subject matter- the
content.
• Organizing centers includes learning activities
& teaching activities.
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF
LESSON PLAN
• Types of illustrarive material- AV Aids.
• Assignment
• Evaluation
• Follow- up action.
STEPS IN DEVELOPING A
LESSON PLAN
• Preparation
• Presentation
• Summarization
• Evaluation & feedback
Thank You

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