Ujjain Attractions

Mahakaleshwar - Mahakaleshwara is a Shiva Temple one of the 12 Jyotirlingas in India. The temple has an idol of Omkareshwara Shiva consecrated in the sanctum above the Mahakal Shrine. The temple also has carved images of Ganesh, Parvati, Kartikeya and Shiva`s Bull, Nandi. The temple was destroyed by Iltitmush in 1235 but rebuilt in the 19th century. Legend has it that Shiva established his supremacy in the Trinity when Vishnu & Brahma even after 1000 years taking the form of a Boar & an Eagle could not to find out the source of an incandescent beam of light emitting from deep inside the earth. As they gave up he emerged as this light. The presiding deity of time, Shiva, in all his splendour reigns eternal in Ujjain. The temple of Mahakaleshwar, its shikhara soaring into the skies, evokes primordial awe and reverence with its majesty. The Mahakal dominates the life of the city and its people, even in the midst of the busy routine of modern preoccupations, and provides an unbreakable link with past traditions. At the temple, you will be surrounded by hawkers and hard-sellers. Usually, one is not required to wait in the queue to offer prayers at the shiva jyotirling. However, the temple is crowded on weekends, including Mondays - queues can take up to 3 hours and move at a slow pace. Once at the garbh of the temple, which is where the main jyotirling is situated, you are not pushed (like at other temples). You can wait as long as you like to get a good view of the jyotirling. Kal Bhairava - The worship of the eight Bhairavas is a part of Saivite tradition and the chief among them is Kal Bhairava, believed to have been built by King Bhadresen, on the banks of the Shipra. There is mention of a Kal Bhairva temple in the Avanti Khanda of the Skanda Purana. Worship of Kal Bhairava is believed to have been a part of the Kapalika and Aghora sects. Ujjain was a prominent centre of these two sects. Even today, liquor is offered as a part of the ritual to Kal Bhairava Beautiful paintings in the Malwa style once decorated the temple walls, only traces of which are visible. Bade Ganeshji Ka Mandir - This temple situated above the tank near the Mahakaleshwar temple, enshrines a huge artistic sculpture of Ganesh, the son of Shiva. An idol of this size and beauty is rarely to be found. The middle of the temple is adorned by an idol of the pancha-mukhi (five faced) Hanuman. There is provision for learning of Sanskrit and Astrology in the temple. Chintaman Ganesh - The temple is built across the Shipra on the Fatehabad railway line. The Ganesh idol enshrined here is supposed to be swayambhu - born of itself. The temple itself is believed to be of considerable antiquity. Riddhi and Siddhi, the consorts of Ganesha, are seated on either side of Ganesha. The artistically carved pillars in the assembly hall date back to the Paramara period. Worshippers throng to this temple because the deity here is traditionally known as Chintaharan Ganesh meaning "the assurer of freedom from worldly anxieties".

when Shiva carried away the burning body of Sati from the sacrificial fire. selfless service to the State. Excavations at this site have yielded some antiquities which date back to the 6th and 7th century BC. The rulers of Jodhpur had built the chhatri to consecrate his memory. This beautiful structure. The central dome of the palace is a beautiful example of Persian architecture. Kaliadeh Palace . There is an interesting legend in the Skanda Purana about the manner in which the Goddess Chandi acquired the epithet of Harsiddhi. Bhartrihari Caves . and his funeral rites were performed according to his wishes on the banks of the Shipra. her elbow dropped at this place. who is said to have been the step brother of Vikramaditya. The glorious landscape of the flowing river on both sides of the palace and the man-made tanks and channels. Vir Durgadas earned a secure niche for himself in the history of Marwad by his undaunting. He fought for the independence of Jodhpur after the death of Maharaj Jaswant Singh and helped Ajit Singh to ascend the throne against the wishes of Aurangzeb. Shiva called upon Chandi to destroy them which .Situated on the banks of the Shipra. The Sri Yantra. is also enshrined in the temple. with water gurgling through them. Once when Shiva and Parvati were alone on Mount Kailash. The Sun Temple was also restored by the family. It is dedicated to the memory of one of the great leaders of the Natha sect of Saivism-Matsyendranath. He is believed to have been a great scholar and poet. two demons called Chand and Prachand tried to force their way in. the idol of Annapurna is painted in dark vermilion colour. the ancient site of Pir Matsyendranath is venerated by both. provide a spectacular backdrop to the imposing building. According to the Shiva Purana.Pir Matsyendranath . Vairagyashatak. Durgadas died at Rampura in 1718. lived and meditated after renouncing worldly life. Durgadas Ki Chhatri .This distinctive monument glows like a small jewel in the surrounding lush landscape. are known for the exquisite use of the Sanskrit meter. this is the spot where Bhartrihari. His famous works. the island-like site immediately conjures up the natural beauty of ancient Ujjain which poets down the ages have waxed lyrical. Seated between the idols of Mahalaxmi and Mahasaraswati. and Nitishatak. Shringarshatak.This is an extremely attractive spot on the banks of the Shipra quite close to the Bhartihari Caves and the Gadkalika Temple.These caves are situated just above the bank of the Shipra near the temple of Gadkalika. Since muslims as well as the followers of the Natha sect call their saints 'pir'. Two Persian inscriptions found in one of the long corridors of the palace record the visits of Emperor Akbar and Jehangir to this palace. built in the Rajpur style of architecture.This temple occupies a special place in the galaxy of ancient sacred spots of Ujjain. The palace was broken down in the time of the Pindaris and was restored by Madhav Rao Scindia in 1920 to its present glory. the symbol of power or shakti. Harsiddhi Temple . houses a statue of Durgadas which crumbled down. According to popular tradition.

The Gomti Kunda referred to in the Puranas was the source of water supply to the ashram in the olden days. Vanshivat of Vrindavan and the Panchavata of Nasik. Mahadev or Shiva is the deity which is worshipped in the temple of Mangalnath. Mangalnath . Siddhavat . Pleased. The followers of Vallabha sect regard this place as the 73rd seat of the 84 seats of Vallabhacharya where he delivered his discourses throughout India. has been vested with religious sanctity as the Akashyavat in Prayag and Gaya. Shiva bestowed upon her the epithet of 'one who vanquishes all'.This enormous banyan tree on the banks of the Shipra. These lamps. Sandipani Ashram . is to be found near the tank. it was famous for a clear view of the planet and hence suitable for astronomical studies. The temple looks upon a vast expanse of the Shipra waters and fills the onlooker with an indescribable sense of peace. exquisitely printed cloth from Bhairogarh used to find its way to Rome and China. Parvati is believed to have performed her penance here. Mangalnath is regarded as the birth place of Mars. lit during Navaratri. The little village of Bhairogarh near Siddhavat is famous for its tie and dye painting for centuries. enjoyed the reputation of being a great seat of learning as early as the Mahabharata period is borne out by the fact that. The temple has been rebuilt in the modern times by the erstwhile Gwalior State. An image of Nandi. Lord Krishna and Sudama received regular instruction in the ashram of Guru Sandipani.This temple is situated away from the bustle of the city and can be reached through a winding road.The fact that ancient Ujjain apart from its political and religious importance. . One legend has it that some Mughal rulers had cut off the Banyan tree and covered the site with iron sheets to prevent its roots from growing. The numerals 1 to 100 found on a stone are believed to have been engraved by Guru Sandipani. Emperor Harshavardhan had this temple renovated in the 7th century AD. the deity in this temple is believed to have been worshipped by Kalidasa. present a glorious spectacle. popularly believed to have been the place used by Lord Krishna for washing his writing tablet. There is further evidence of renovation during the Paramara period. But the tree pierced the iron sheets and grew and flourished. Gadkalika . It used to be a place of worship for the followers of Natha sect. belonging to the Shunga period. In ancient times.she did. In ancient times when trade with other countries flourished. according to the Matsya Purana. There is an ancient well on the premises. and an artistic pillar adorns the top of it. Thousands of pilgrims take a dip in the Shipra from the bathing ghat built here. The legend goes that he was an idiot and it is by his devotion to the goddess Kalika that he acquired great literary skills. According to one tradition. The area near the ashram is known as Ankapata.Situated about 2 miles from the city of Ujjain. The temple was reconstructed during the Maratha period and the two pillars adorned with lamps are special features of Maratha art.

Arabic. The Scindia Oriental Research Institute has an invaluable collection of 18. Ujjain enjoyed the reputation of being India's Greenwich.Ujjain enjoyed a position of considerable importance in the field of astronomy. Its religious importance has increased in recent years though there is no known reference to it in the ancient texts. The observatory extant today was built by Raja Jai Singh (1686-1743).Established on the occasion of the second millennium of the Vikram era. who was a great scholar.000 manuscripts on various subjects and runs a reference library of important oriental publications. Jupiter and their satellites. Mathura. The door in the inner sanctum is said to have been carried to Ghazni from the Somnath temple and from thence by Mahmud Shah Abdali to Lahore. the temple is located away from the old site of Ujjaini town. There is a small planetarium and a telescope to observe the moon. the queen of Maharajah Daulat Rao Shinde in the 19th century. Navagraha Mandir (Triveni) . Of the many observatories built by him at Jaipur. Great works on astronomy such as the Surya Siddhanta and the Panch Siddhanta were written in Ujjain. an archaeological museum. copper plates and fossils discovered in the Narmada valley.Situated on the Triveni Ghat of the Shipra. attracts large crowds on new moon days falling on Saturdays. Mars. the one at Ujjain is still in use actively. From about the 4th century BC. He translated the works of Ptolemy and Euclid into Sanskrit from Arabic. It is a beautiful example of Maratha architecture. Astronomical studies are conducted through the Department of Education and the ephemeris is published every year. Delhi. an art gallery and an auditorium. The Vedha Shala (Observatory) . and Ujjain. inscriptions. Palm leaf and bark leaf (Bhurja Patra) manuscripts are also preserved in this institute. Mahadji Scindia recovered it and now it has been installed in this temple. the Institute has a rich collection of old paintings in the Rajput and Mughal style. the Vikram Kirti Mandir houses the Scindia Oriental Research Institute. The sanctum sanctorum is inlaid with marble and doors are silver plated. The museum also exhibits a rich array of images. It was constructed by Bayajibai Shinde. According to Indian astronomers. Persian and other Indian languages cover a wide range of subjects from Vedic literature and philosophy to dance and music. the Tropic of Cancer is supposed to pass through Ujjain. It is dedicated to the nine planets. Vikram Kirti Mandir .This huge temple is situated in the middle of the big market square. Apart from an illustrated manuscript of Shrimad Bhagavata in which actual gold and silver have been employed for the paintings.Gopal Mandir . A huge skull of a primitive elephant is of special interest. . Varanasi. as the cultural centre to perpetuate the memory of Vikramaditya. It is also the fist meridian of longitude of the Hindu geographers. The observatory is also used for weather forecasts. Rare manuscripts in Prakrit.

Bina Neev Ki Masjid. Mr. Bhargav Marg of Ujjain. enable research and study in Sanskrit classical and traditional performing arts. Maulana Rumi Ka Maqbara.Vikram University . Ram Janardhan Temple. The Academy complex consists of a theatre. Sandalwala Building . Firoz Sandalwala son of Late Inayat Husain Sandalwala are residing in the building. From inside the building looks more like a Palace and is an Landmark in itself. Anis Sandalwala son of Late Abdul Husain Sandalwala & Mr. Harihara Teertha. Mallikarjuna Teertha. Situated on the Dewas Road. with Kalidasa as the apex. The architectural marvel stands on R. this university plays a significant role in the literary and cultural activities of the city. Fida Husain Sandalwala son of Late Asger Ali Sandalwala. mini stage for rehearsals. Ujjain continues to uphold that tradition. museum. library.This masterpiece was created in 1925 by Fida Husain Abdul Husain Sandalwala. Ram Ghat. Currently families of Mr. . Bohron Ka Roja. Ganga Ghat. research facilities for scholars. The establishment of the Vikram University in 1957 was an important landmark. and to create a multi-disciplinary institution to project the genius of the entire classical tradition.This academy was set up in Ujjain by the Government of Madhya Pradesh to immortalize the memory of the great poet dramatist-Kalidasa. Kalidasa Academy .A famous centre of learning in the past. and facilitate its adaptation for contemporary stage in different cultural settings and language groups. and Digambara Jain Museum are some of the other prominent places of interest in Ujjain.P. it was built by the artisans of Ujjain and Jaipur. lecture and seminary halls. Begum Ka Maqbara. and a large open air theater.

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