Canada issue 33 aug 08

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muchmor
Winnipeg the heart of
North America
subscribe online at www.readmuchmor.com
Veggie delights
Film classifications
Women in business and
the difference from men
HDTV what does
it mean to you?
The limestone
City of Kingston
Off the beaten path
in Manitoba
Renting property in
Canada
Buying a car in Nova Scotia
Testicular cancer why don’t
men talk about it more?
So you want to be a Realtor eh?
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Contents 3
Contents…
Discover Canada
The limestone city of
Kingston 4
Off the beaten path in
Manitoba 8
Winnipeg - the heart of North
America 14
Lifestyle
Veggie delights 18
I have a complaint 20
Top Canadian 21
Understanding film & DVD
classification 22
The coming of HDTV 23
Back to school shopping 25
Moving to Canada
Immigration changes 26
Alberta Provincial Nominee 27
Remedy for hotel room
cramps 28
Claiming points for a
Canadian relative 29
Renting property in Canada 30
Project to help new Brits in
Nova Scotia 32
Obtaining police certificates 34
When in Canada 35
Real life - A dream rebuilt 36
Sold on Donna 39
Working Life
So you want to be a
Realtor eh? 40
POWE - Women in business 42
Motoring
Buying a car in Nova Scotia 44
Kidzone
Plan a backyard treasure
hunt 46
Top kids stuff 47
Activities for the summer 48
Summer puzzle 49
Health and Wellness
Walk with a goal 50
Change lifestyle to stop
snoring 52
Testicular cancer 53
Home and Garden
The changing Alberta
property market 54
How to reface kitchen
cabinets 56
Getting started in container
gardening 57
From the Editor.....
Is it really August already? I don’t know where the year is
going, soon the kids will be back at school (see page 25) and we
will be thinking about winter weather and Christmas. But, I’m
getting ahead of myself. Let concentrate on the now!
In this months issue we have all your usual favorites and for
our readers who are moving from overseas an update on the latest
immigration changes can be found on page 26.
We learn about the hidden gems in Manitoba and feature
Winnipeg this month. In coming issues we will be looking at other
Manitoba cities and towns amongst many other things.
So until next time….
Jane Toombes, Editor
4 Discover Canada
The
limestone
city of
Kingston
Discover Canada 5
Fort Henry
City Hall, Kingston St George’s Cathedral
Kingston in Ontario is known
as the Limestone City because of
the many historic limestone
buildings found there. Located
along the shores of Lake Ontario,
Kingston was the first capital of
the united Canadas between 1841
and 1844, well before the
confederation. It currently has a
city population of 117,207 and a
metropolitan area population of
152,358 according to the 2006
census.
Kingston is located between Montreal
and Toronto and is only a short drive from
the United States border. It also has its
own airport which was originally built as
an air force station for the British
Commonwealth Air Training Program in
1940 to train pilots during World War II. It
was transferred to city control in 1974.
Currently around 70,000 people fly to and
from Kingston every year. The city also
has Via Rail links as well as being on the
main highway 401 corridor. The city is
surrounded by beautiful countryside and
is a short boat ride to the famous 1000
Islands area.
Tourism
Because of its location and its history
Kingston is a popular tourist destination in
Ontario. Whatever your tastes, Kingston
will have something to interest you.
The city lies where the St Lawrence
River, the Rideau Canal and Lake Ontario
meet so is a great spot for water lovers.
One of the most popular tourism pastimes
is a cruise along the St Lawrence River to
the 1000 Islands. You can join in one of
the many boat tours cruising along the
river, taking in the sights and sounds of
the waterway.
If history is your thing then there is
plenty to keep you occupied. As we
mentioned before, Kingston is famous for
its limestone buildings and one such
building is City Hall. It was constructed in
1844 and is a designated historic site.
Another popular building is St
George’s Cathedral dating back to the
1820’s. Originally known as St George’s
Church it was enlarged in 1838 and
became a cathedral in 1862. It was gutted
by fire in 1899 and restored over the
following eighteen months. Thousands of
people visit the building every year.
Fort Henry, a UNESCO World
Heritage Site and National Historic Site of
Canada is a must see for history buffs. It
was originally built in 1812 during the war
between Great Britain and America. A
second fort was later built between 1832
and 1837 and this is the fort we see today.
The forts were built to protect the Royal
Navy Docklands and the entrance to the
St Lawrence River. After the completion of
the Rideau Canal in 1832 it was used to
protect this too.
After falling into disrepair it was
restored under the direction of Ronald L.
Way as a living historic museum in 1936
and opened as a museum two years later.
You can visit Fort Henry and see how life
was back in the 1800’s.
There are many such historic sites in
and around the city, so no excuses for not
being enlightened.
Kingston is also popular with ghosts
and you can take one of the evening
haunted walks in the city. You can
experience the ghosts said to haunt this
city as well as those who grace Fort
Henry. If you are around during Halloween
then you are in for an even scarier treat.
Economy
For those looking at more than
visiting Kingston and are perhaps
considering a move to this city then you
will be interested in the more day to day
living aspects.
The economy of a location can be a
great benchmark for the prosperity of an
area and if you are reliant on work to
making a living then the economy will
have a baring on where you choose to
settle.
Kingston is considered one of the top
25 cities in Canada. It has a diverse
economy but 60% is accounted for by the
private sector. The two largest private
company employers are StarTec Canada
and Invista Canada, each with around
1,200 employees.
The largest employers are within the
public sector and include the Canadian
Forces Base Kingston with nearly 8,000
employees, Queen's University with
4,200 employees and Kingston General
Hospital with 3,400. Other large public
employers in the city include Limestone
District School Board, Correctional
Services of Canada, the City of Kingston
and Hotel Dieu Hospital.
Areas of strength are knowledge-
based innovation in biotechnology, health
sciences and fuel cells, information
technology, transportation and logistics,
business outsourcing, warehousing and
distribution.
The average unemployment level in
Kingston is 5.6% this year with average
weekly earnings of $770.
Sports and Recreation
There are lots of opportunities to
enjoy sporting activities within the city.
Several swimming pools are available
both indoor and outdoor. There are also
skating, hockey and nearby skiing
opportunities.
Kingston also has many parks as well
as the K&P Trail, a 15 km multi-use trail
extending from Little Cataraqui Creek to
Orser Road. The trail can be used for
hiking, walking, cycling, cross country
skiing and horse-back riding.
Another great trail is the Waterfront
Pathway which follows the shores of the
St Lawrence River and Lake Ontario. It is
8 km in length and can be completed in
around 2 hours at average walking speed.
Being close to many waterways
means boating is a key recreational
pastime for many residents and visitors.
The city has several marinas and
harbours.
It is also a favourite with scuba divers
as there are many shipwrecks within the
waters of Lake Ontario.
Kingston has several areas which are
used as venues for concerts, sports and
community events. The latest addition is
the Kingston Regional Sports and
Entertainment Centre or K-Rock Centre
which opened early this year. Events
being held this year include Shrine Circus,
Canada DanceSport 2008 and Kingston
Metro BMX Jam. Concerts include Sheryl
Crow, Blue Man Group and Great Big
Sea.
Shopping
As with most large cities Kingston
has its fair share of shopping
opportunities. The downtown area offers
6 Discover Canada
Ontario Street, Kingston Collins Bay Marina
many streets brimming with retail therapy
as well as the large Cataraqui Town
Centre Mall. The mall has over 140 stores
and services and is the largest shopping
mall in the area.
Large out of city center shopping can
be found along Bath Street, Princess
Street and Gardiner’s Road. Here you will
find big name stores such as Canadian
Tire, Chapters, The Brick, Home Outfitters
and many more.
Education
If you are thinking of making Kingston
home and have children then education
will be high on your list of priorities.
The Limestone District School Board
is responsible for the public schools in the
area. There are 23 elementary schools in
the city and 6 secondary schools as well
as many other schools within the
immediate area.
The Algonquin and Lakeshore
Catholic District School Board serves the
Catholic community. There are 13
elementary and 4 secondary schools
within the city.
Two francophone secondary schools
are also available within the area as well
as four private schools.
Kingston is also home to two
universities: Queen’s and the Royal
Military College of Canada.
Queen’s was first established back in
1841 and was the earliest degree-granting
institution in the united Province of
Canada, and the first to establish a
student government. Queen’s has over
20,000 students including over 1,000
international students.
The Royal Military College of Canada
is a bilingual institution giving students the
professional and personal skills required
to progress in a career as an officer in the
Canadian Forces.
The city is also the location of the St
Lawrence College, a community college
which also has campuses in Brockville
and Cornwall.
Health
Another important consideration
when relocating is the health care system.
The largest hospital in the area is the
Kingston General Hospital, a 456 bed
teaching hospital which is affiliated with
Queen’s University. KGH provides an
array of specialized acute and ambulatory
clinical services including trauma, cardiac,
stroke, pediatric, perinatal, end stage
renal and stem cell transplants. It is also
home to the Cancer Centre of
Southeastern Ontario which provides
services for cancer patients including
prevention, screening, diagnosis,
treatment, support, education and
research in cancer.
Another large hospital is the Hotel
Dieu Hospital which is an ambulatory care
teaching hospital. Services include
pediatrics, diabetes, day surgery, urgent
care, mental health and opthalmology.
Housing
During the first quarter of 2008 the
average selling price of a single family
home in the Kingston area was $225,281,
up 5.6% on the same time last year.
The average monthly rent for a two-
bedroom property is $863.
Climate
Kingston enjoys four seasons with
average January temperatures of around
-7℃ and average July temperatures of
20℃. Snow can fall anytime between
October and April and in December you
can expect around 50 cm to fall. Rain is
most prevalent during the summer and fall
months.
The lake effect moderates the local
weather, so the area does not see some
of the extremes experienced in other
nearby locations.
Discover Canada 7
Queen’s university
Downtown Kingston
8 Discover Canada
Off the beaten
path in
Manitoba
There are many things to discover about
Manitoba, but some are more unusual than others.
Here we take a look at some of the great things to
discover as well as some of the more unusual and
quirky things about Manitoba.
History Lessons
A Bridge Over the River Nile: The Arlington Street Bridge in
the heart of Winnipeg was originally built to span the Nile River in
Egypt. When that project was cancelled, the local engineering firm
who built the bridge used it to cross the Canadian Pacific Railway
yards along Arlington Street instead. Both residents and tourists
find the bridge’s steep incline, great height and the traffic light at
its apex intriguing. (For directions: toll free 1-800-665-0040)
Ghost Towns of Manitoba: Once thriving communities
where businesses flourished and families lived, worked and
played, these abandoned homesteads now lie still beneath the
prairie sky. Discover the ghost towns of Manitoba, eerie
reminders of a bygone era – buoyed by a sense of mystery and
intrigue. Tourists eager to visit these rural haunts are encouraged
to purchase “Ghost Towns of Manitoba,” written by H. Mulligan
and W. Ryder – an indispensable resource that’s available at most
libraries and bookstores. (For information: 1-800-665-0040.)
Old Pinawa Dam: The ancient ruins of a hydroelectric dam
built in the early days of the 20th century can be found in
Manitoba’s spectacular Whiteshell region in Old Pinawa Dam
Heritage Park (off Provincial Road 520). The original 1906
structure suffered considerable damage after being used by the
military as an artillery testing range during the 1950s. Yet the
historic dam’s magnificent colonnades and majestic arches
provide a breathtaking setting for swimming, hiking or
photography. Take Provincial Road 211 to the Town of Pinawa, a
delightful community surrounded by waterways and forests, and
home to the Pinawa Heritage Sundial, possibly the largest in
Canada. (For information on the Old Pinawa Dam Heritage Park:
204-945-6784, toll-free 1-800-214-6497, www.gov.mb.ca/
conservation/parks/popular_parks/pinawa_dam; Sundial:
204-753-5174, toll-free 1-800-806-0412, www.mts.net/~sabanski/
sundial/sundial.htm)
Pictographs & Petroforms: Some 1,500 years ago, First
Nations peoples designated their sacred places with designs
depicting wildlife, people and traditional objects. They are painted
in red ochre on cliff faces (pictographs) and outlined with rocks on
the forest floors (petroforms). Pictographs can be found on rock
cliffs lining many of Manitoba’s waterways, including Tramping
Lake on the Grass River and upstream from Artery Lake on the
Bloodvein Canadian Heritage River. Traces of petroforms can still
be seen today in Whiteshell Provincial Park, particularly at
Bannock Point, north of Pine Point Rapids. Because these sites
are sacred to the Aboriginals, they must be respected by visitors
and not disturbed in any way. (For more information:
204-945-6784, toll free 1-800-214-6497, www.gov.mb.ca/
conservation/parks/popular_parks/petroforms)

Discover Canada 9
Old Pinawa Dam
Ukranian church
Whiteshell Provincial Park
10 Discover Canada
The Longest Undefended Border in
the World: The world’s longest
undefended border stretches between
Canada and the U.S., running partially
along the 49th parallel before crossing
the Great Lakes into the St. Lawrence
River. Manitoba shares its southern
border with the states of North Dakota
and Minnesota. Travel south on Highway
10 (near Turtle Mountain Provincial Park)
to find the International Peace Garden
straddling the border, commemorating
almost two centuries of peace between
Canada and its southern neighbour. Alive
with rich and varied hues of colour, from
the lush, emerald green vegetation to the
floral spectrum of purple, red, yellow and
blue, the International Peace Garden is a
celebration of peace and harmony. (For
information: toll free 1-888-432-6733,
www.peacegarden.com)
The Republic of New Iceland:
Icelandic immigrants, driven from their
homeland by famine and overpopulation,
arrived in Manitoba in great numbers
during the 1870s. They created the
Republic of New Iceland along the
western shore of Lake Winnipeg. The
republic, whose official language was
Icelandic, was divided into three
separate districts, with elected
representatives to its assembly. The
capital was Gimli, a picturesque lakeside
community that remains one of
Manitoba’s favourite get-away
destinations. When Manitoba’s
boundaries extended north, the republic
was incorporated into the larger
province. Visitors can explore the
heritage of New Iceland in the towns of
Gimli, Arnes, Arborg, Hnausa, Riverton
and Hecla (along Highways 8 and 9),
which remain the cultural heartland for
the largest Icelandic population outside
of the homeland. (For information on the
Icelandic Festival: 204-642-7417,
www.icelandicfestival.com)
Something a Little Different
Philip’s Magical Paradise: There’s a
magical quality about this museum,
located off Provincial Trunk Highway 12
(on Provincial Road 311) near Giroux,
Manitoba. Built to fulfill the dying request
of Gordon and Marilyn Hornan’s
magician son, Philip’s Magical Paradise
boasts a sword illusion display, lock and key
collections, magic trick equipment and two
special coins – one from Houdini, one from
Doug Henning – and the Blue Room
Transformation Chamber. Prepare to be
amazed. The museum is open from mid-
May to end of September, Monday to Friday,
7:00 p.m. to 9:00 p.m., Saturday and
Sunday, 1:00 to 8:00 p.m. (other times, by
special appointment). Admission by
donation. (For information: 204-326-1219)
Souris Swinging Bridge: Canada’s
longest, free-suspension footbridge is
located in the scenic community of Souris
(along Highway 2 in southwestern
Manitoba). After navigating the swinging
bridge, which spans the waters of the Souris
River, take some time to visit the town’s
museums, tea room, bird sanctuary or plan
a trip to the Souris Agate Pit. Situated in
Manitoba’s Turtle Mountain region, this pit
boasts the widest variety of semi-precious
stones in North America. Pay a fee at the
Rock Shop on 1st Street South to begin
your own private collection of these natural
gems. (For information: 1-866-270-8747,
www.sourismanitoba.com)
Town Statues of Manitoba: Driving
from town to town in rural Manitoba, you’ll
notice a considerable number of unique
statues gracing many of these rural
communities. They serve as visual markers
for the locals and conversation pieces for
visitors. A few of the more unusual include:
the World’s Tallest Painting on an Easel in
Altona, the Largest Cookie Jar in the World
in Deloraine, the Northwest Mounted Police
Constable in Emerson, the Viking in Gimli,
Flintabbety Flonatin in Flin Flon, Gilbert the
Golfer in Gilbert Plains, the Happy Rock in
Gladstone, Sara the Camel in Glenboro, the
Mosquito in Komarno, Alpine Archie in
McCreary, the Mushrooms in Meleb, the
World’s Largest Coke Can in Portage la
Prairie, Chuck the Channel Cat in Selkirk,
the World’s Largest Smoking Pipe in St.
Claude, the Oil Derrick in Virden and
Winnie-the-Bear in Assiniboine Park in
Winnipeg.
Natural Attractions
Birds Hill Cedar Bog: Situated on
Highway 59, northeast of the city of
Winnipeg, Birds Hill Provincial Park offers a
Sara the Camel,
Glenboro
Mosquito, Komarno
World’s Tallest Painting
on an Easel, Altona
Chuck the Catfish, Selkirk
rarity in Manitoba – a cedar bog. Along the
Cedar Bog Self-Guiding Trail (about 3.5
km) is the aromatic scent of fresh pine
needles, tamarack trees and cedar. The
Birds Hill cedar bog is blanketed with rich,
heavy peat moss and the area’s cool,
damp environment – unusual in Manitoba
– makes a unique, appealing picnic
setting. (For information: 204-945-6784,
toll free 1-800-214-6497, www.gov.mb.ca/
conservation/parks/popular_parks/
cedar_bog/spring_summer_fall.html)
Caves of Manitoba: The steady
dripping of water echoes along the
cavernous walls of the dark, musty tunnels
descending into the underground caves in
Manitoba’s Whiteshell, Interlake and
northern regions. While it is not advised to
explore these secluded, dangerous and
ecologically fragile geological formations
alone, Manitoba’s caves continue to
attract interest by many spelunkers
(people who have love to explore caves
as a hobby). Some of the province’s best
caves can be found at the Caddy Lake
Rock Tunnels in the Whiteshell and the
Manitoba Lowlands region near the town
of Grand Rapids. Another great
destination is Clearwater Lake Provincial
Park just north of The Pas, where the
Caves Self-Guiding Trail features open
rock fissures that are not true caves but
fractured bedrock. (For information:
Speleological Society of Manitoba,
www.cancaver.ca/prov/man; Clearwater
Lake: 204-945-6784, toll free
1-800-214-6497, www.gov.mb.ca/
conservation/parks/popular_parks/
clearwater_pp) 
Fossil Hunting: A bustling biological
centre of activity for the past 100 million
years, Manitoba is alive with ancient relics
still recognizable to the untrained eye. The
province is home to the famous Tyndall
stone, a form of mottled calcitic and
dolomitic limestone used in the
construction of some of Canada’s most
celebrated buildings. Manitoba boasts a
rich natural history that can provide a day
of fun and education through the fossilized
remains of monstrous creatures and
prehistoric life. In Winnipeg, check out
fabulous fossils and dinosaur skeletons at
the Manitoba Museum. (For information:
204-956-2830, www.manitobamuseum.ca)
The Canadian Fossil Discovery Centre in
Morden offers a chance to take part in an
actual excavation of new fossils through
the Public Paleontology Program. (For
information: 204-822-3406; website:
www.discoverfossils.com)
Visitors can also go fossil hunting on
their own in numerous places throughout
the province where you can find Tyndall
stone or limestone rocks encrusted with
fossils and other such remains. Possibly
the most famous areas are the quarries in
the Interlake region in the towns of Garson
and Tyndall (northwest of Winnipeg on
Highway 44). Amid the primordial rock,
you will find everything from fossilized
cephalopods to traces of corals and
prehistoric vegetation.
The Ancient Beach: Along the
Ancient Beach Self-Guiding Trail (2.1 km),
visitors can sense the remains of the
venerable beach created by the gigantic
glacial Lake Agassiz, which covered much
of southern Manitoba over 8, 000 years
ago. The ancient beach is now hidden by
a thin layer of soil, fallen leaves and pine
needles, but if you dig down a few inches,
you will discover wonderfully fine sands of
the past. Part of the Belair Moraine, this
Discover Canada 11
Limestone cliffs
Caddy Lake Rock Tunnels Pisew Falls Provincial Park
12 Discover Canada
ancient beach can be found in Grand
Beach Provincial Park, north of
Winnipeg on Highway 59. (For
information: 204-945-6784, toll free
1-800-214-6497, www.gov.mb.ca/
conservation/parks/popular_parks/
grand_beach
The Grass River Karst Spring:
Shrouded in a mist of secrecy, the origin
of the Karst Spring has baffled visitors
since the early 20th century. A steady
stream of water gushes out of the solid
sedimentary rock cliff of the Manitoba
Lowlands before flowing into the Grass
River. Surrounded by boreal forest and
carpeted with rich moss, the Karst
Spring Self-Guiding Trail (3.2 km) is a
true delight for any nature lover. Located
in Grass River Provincial Park, a 45-
minute drive northeast of The Pas, the
Karst Spring is a true oddity. (For
information: 204-945-6784, toll free
1-800-214-6497, www.gov.mb.ca/
conservation/parks/popular_parks/
grass_river)
The Kettle Stones: Located in the
heart of Kettle Stone Provincial Park
(northeast of Swan River, on Provincial
Road 268), the Kettle Stones are large
concrete-like limestone boulders. They
were formed in three stages beginning
with the Cretaceous period between 70
million and 135 million years ago,
culminating 8,500 years ago with the
retreat of the last Ice Age. Buried under
layers of sand and silt, gradual wind
erosion exposed these large rocks to plain
view, some of which measure up to 15
feet in diameter and weigh up to 14 tons.
Accessing the park and the Kettle Stones
requires the right road conditions and
guidance from park officials. (For
information: 204-734-3429, toll free
1-800-214-6497, www.gov.mb.ca/
conservation/parks/popular_parks/
kettle_stones)
Spirit Sands: The famous Spirit
Sands are just a 1½ hour drive west of
Winnipeg along Highway 1 (the Trans
Canada) and south along Highway 5. This
desert-like area has long been viewed as
a place of great spiritual significance for
the Aboriginal peoples of Manitoba. Hike
to the Devil’s Punch Bowl or climb the
dunes along the Spirit Sand’s Self-guiding
Trail. The sands are protected within
Spruce Woods Provincial Park, where
visitors can also enjoy camping,
swimming, biking and canoeing in a
beautiful setting. (For information:
204-945-6784, toll free 1-800-214-6497,
www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/parks/
popular_parks/spruce_woods)
Wildlife Attractions
From Bears to Belugas: The high
pitched chirps of beluga whales and low
grunts of polar bears are part of everyday
life in Manitoba’s North. An exciting
destination, accessible by air or rail only,
is the northern port town of Churchill. This
must-do Manitoba adventure features
unique Arctic wildlife and birds,
spectacular Northern Lights (aurora
borealis) and an amazing fur-trade history.
Churchill is occupied each July and
August by an army of more than 3,000
beluga whales who come to feed and
calve in the Churchill River Estuary. In
October, the great white polar bears
congregate in Churchill waiting for the ice
to form. The area’s commanding view of
the Churchill River led early Hudson’s Bay
Polar Bears at Churchill
Bison
Northern Lights
Company traders to establish Prince of
Wales Fort, an 18th century stone
structure. Destroyed by the French in
1782, the stone remnants of the Fort
provide a majestic backdrop for
photographers and the splendour of its
blackened walls give the ruins a dramatic
air. (For information: 1-800-665-0040)
North America’s Largest Urban
Bison Herd: Located in the heart of
Winnipeg, accessed from McCreary
Road, the Fort Whyte Centre boasts the
largest urban bison herd in North America
on its 70-acre Bison Prairie. Get up close
and personal with Manitoba’s proud
provincial symbol, which once roamed
freely across the plains. Hunted to near
extinction in the late 1800s, these truly
magnificent creatures are definitely worth
seeing. Fort Whyte is also home to one of
the largest waterfowl preserves in
Manitoba as well as an interpretative
centre, hiking trails and much more. Be
sure to check out the Manitoba Fish
Aquarium, stocked with species that can
be found in provincial waterways. (For
information: 204-989-8355,
www.fortwhyte.org)
World’s Largest Snake Pits:
Hhhhissssss! Located between the towns
of Narcisse and Inwood, red garter
snakes emerge from their winter
hibernation each spring to perform a
frenzied mating ritual that is an amazing
slithery spectacle. There are close to
5,000 male snakes for each female.
Typically, the best viewing times are the
last week of April and the first three
weeks of May. Find the Narcisse Snake
Dens six km north of Narcisse on
Highway 17 in Manitoba’s Interlake
Region. Turn at the sign to reach the
parking lot. (For information:
204-945-6784, toll free 1-800-214-6497,
http://www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/
wildlife/index.html
Discover Canada 13
Manitoba
Useful
Weblinks
Travel Manitoba
www.travelmanitoba.com
Province of Manitoba
www.gov.mb.ca
Manitoba Parks
www.manitobaparks.com
Manitoba Museum
www.manitobamuseum.ca
Manitoba Conservation
www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/
Winnipeg -
the heart of
North
America
14 Discover Canada
Discover Canada 15
Winnipeg lies at the
geographic centre of North
America. Winnipeg is the capital
city of Manitoba, a resource-rich
province of 1.2 million people
bordered by Ontario to the east,
Saskatchewan to the west, and
North Dakota and Minnesota to the
south. The city is just 100 km (62
miles) from the United States
border and is the major Canadian
centre closest to Mexico.
Winnipeg’s history is the tale of a
prime meeting place at the junction of two
rivers – the north-flowing Red and the
east-flowing Assiniboine. Winnipeg is a
welcoming gateway, a centre of commerce
and trade, a centre for arts and culture,
with a rich history and growing economic
opportunity.
Economy
Winnipeg has one of the most
balanced, highly diverse and stable urban
economies in Canada. In recent studies by
Moody’s Investor Service and the
Conference Board of Canada, Winnipeg
has been viewed to have one of the most
diverse economies of any major city in
Canada. Winnipeg’s aerospace, finance
and insurance, transportation,
agribusiness, information technology,
furniture and apparel industries provide a
solid economic base, which serves the
community well. Overall, Winnipeg's
diverse economy provides a stable
workforce, low unemployment rates and a
cushion against major fluctuations based
on downturns in the economy.
Winnipeg has the most diversified
manufacturing sector in Western Canada.
Manufacturing outputs range from food
and beverage to tractors and other farm
equipment, municipal and inter-urban
buses to specialty steel products, electrical
components, aerospace components,
chemicals, plastics, furniture and much
more. Manufacturers can source many of
their inputs from other firms and draw on a
large pool of skilled labour; much of the
manufacturing activity is export oriented.
The bus and tractor manufacturers export
most of their output making motor vehicles
one of Manitoba’s largest categories of
export.
Winnipeg also has a long history as a
major financial centre. Manitoba’s financial
services sector, concentrated in Winnipeg,
contributes nearly $4 billion to Manitoba’s
gross domestic product and is a major
client of ICT firms. Winnipeg is the
headquarters for some of Canada’s
prominent investment firms and insurance
companies.
Approximately 25,000 people are
directly employed in the finance, insurance
and real estate sector in Winnipeg,
representing about three-quarters of
Manitoba’s total.
Winnipeg has a low unemployment
rate of just 4.1% as of June 2008, well
below the national average of 6.2%.

Shopping
Winnipeg has several shopping
districts including the Forks Market which
is located at the historic junction of the
Red and Assiniboine Rivers. The Forks is
home to a public market, year round
riverside walkways, fine boutiques, a
National Historic Site and year-round
entertainment, sports and cultural activity.
Cityplace is a retail and office complex
in downtown Winnipeg. It has two levels of
retail space with food court and is
connected to the Winnipeg Skywalk
network.
The Exchange District offers outdoor
shopping areas, including art galleries,
cafés, fashion, furniture, markets,
museums, night clubs, restaurants and
The Forks Market, Winnipeg The Forks
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16 Lifestyle
traditional pubs. During spring, summer
and fall numerous festivals of music and
entertainment add to the atmosphere.
Other shopping areas include
Portage Place which spans three town
blocks and Winnipeg Square where the
shops are connected by a climate-
controlled walkway.
Sports and recreation
The city has many opportunities for
sports and recreation with over 10,000
acres of parkland. Winnipeg’s parks and
open spaces, lush and green in summer,
become perfect sites for winter recreation
enthusiasts. The city features well-
maintained areas for cross-country skiing
and tobogganing, and skaters can enjoy
many rinks in addition to ploughed areas
on both major rivers. Western Canada’s
largest winter festival, Le Festival du
Voyageur, celebrates the joie de vivre of
the voyageurs for 10 days each February
with traditional cuisine, dog races, snow
sculptures, and nightly entertainment for
the whole family.
The city also has 26 golf courses, 30
indoor arenas, 20 curling rinks, 13 indoor
swimming pools and 9 recreation centres.
There are several sports teams
located in the city such as the Winnipeg
Blue Bombers (football), Manitoba Moose
(hockey) and the Winnipeg Goldeyes
(Baseball).
Education
There are six school divisions within
the city which are responsible for the
public schools in the area. There are also
a number of private schools in the city.
Established in 1877, The University
of Manitoba is Western Canada’s oldest
university. It is currently the most
research-intensive university with 24
faculties and schools, including all the
professions.
The University of Manitoba has had
over 165,000 students graduate from its
programs throughout the years and
presently has over 27,000 students in
degree programs, including 23,935
undergraduates students and 3,260
graduated students. The university offers
82 degrees, diplomas and certificates, 51
of which are at the undergraduate level.
The University of Winnipeg is the
only university in Canada with a high
school located on campus. The Collegiate
at the University of Winnipeg offers
courses at the Grade 10, Grade 11, and
Grade 12 levels. Located in the heart of
downtown, the intimate campus has more
than 8,900 undergraduate students and
600 high school students.
Collège universitaire de Saint-
Boniface was established in 1818, and is
today not only the oldest but the only
French-language post-secondary
educational institution in Western
Canada. Located in the community of St.
Boniface in the heart of Winnipeg, it offers
university (arts, science and education)
as well as vocational (childcare, business
administration, data processing and office
management) programs. The Collège is
affiliated with the University of Manitoba
and offers U of M degrees.
Red River College is the largest and
most comprehensive applied learning
institute in the province and provides
high-quality education and training to
Skating in the park
Skyline at night
Esplanade Riel
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Lifestyle 17
32,000 full and part-time students each
year. With a main campus located near the
Winnipeg International Airport, a
downtown digital media campus and
various regional locations, Red River
College is committed to staying current
and responsive to the demands of the
marketplace.
Health
There are nine hospitals within the
city limits with a total of nearly 3,000 beds.
Concordia Hospital is located in
Winnipeg and is one of the leading
hospitals for hip and knee joint
replacement. The hospital has over 250
beds available.
The Grace Hospital is a Salvation
Army hospital with 270 beds providing
surgical, mental health, medicine,
emergency and critical care programmes.
Seven Oaks General Hospital was
established in 1981 and has 275 beds. It
offers surgery, critical care, mental health
programmes amongst others as well as
spiritual care.
Victoria General Hospital is the fourth
community hospital in the city and has 231
beds.
There are also two teaching hospitals
in the city: St. Boniface General Hospital
and Health Sciences Centre.
Housing
According to the Winnipeg Real
Estate Board, Winnipeg is enjoying a
robust market at a time when other
areas of Canada are experiencing a
slowdown.
New listings were up 16% in June
on the same time last year. Unit sales of
1,564 worth $317 million make it a
record-breaking result.
The average selling price of a single
family detached dwelling in June was
$217,292 with two-thirds of homes
selling for above list price.
Average rental cost in the city are
$750 per month for a two-bedroom
property. A three bedroom property will
cost in the region of $900 per month.
Climate
The average July temperature in
Winnipeg is 25.4℃, whilst the average
January temperature is -12.9℃.
Winnipeg has an average of 2,372 hours
of sunshine every year which is one of
the highest of any Canadian city.
Rain falls mainly during the summer
months with June and July being the
wettest months when frequent
thunderstorms can be experienced.
Information kindly provided by
Destination Winnipeg.
Winnipeg Waterfront
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Winnipeg
useful links
Destination Winnipeg
www.destinationwinnipeg.ca
Travel Manitoba
www.travelmanitoba.com
Chamber of Commerce
www.winnipeg-chamber.com
City of Winnipeg
www.winnipeg.ca
Province of Manitoba
www.gov.mb.ca
Veggie delights
18 Lifestyle
Crispy BBQ Tofu Slices
Ingredients: Serves 4
448 g extra firm tofu
45 ml olive oil
1 egg white
15 ml barbeque sauce
125 g all-purpose flour
6 g salt
1 g pepper
235 ml barbeque sauce
Drain tofu, and slice into strips. Place in a plastic bag or container, and freeze overnight. This will give the tofu a meatier
texture. Thaw tofu strips, and blot with paper towels to dry. Heat olive oil in a large skillet over medium heat. In a small bowl,
whisk together the egg white and 1 tablespoon of barbeque sauce. Dip tofu slices into the egg mixture, then fry in the hot oil
for about 1 minute on each side, until golden brown. Just fry enough at one time so they are not crowded. Remove from the
oil to paper towels to drain and cool. Preheat the oven's broiler. Brush tofu slices with additional barbeque sauce, and allow to
marinate while the broiler heats up. Arrange them on a broiler pan, or wire rack set over a cookie sheet for best results.
Position the oven rack about 6 inches from the heat source. Broil for 5 minutes on each side, or until browned and crisp,
watching closely so as not to burn them. Serve warm with the remaining barbeque sauce for dipping.
Vegetarian Bean Curry
Ingredients: Serves 8
30 ml olive oil
1 large white onion, chopped
95 g dry lentils
2 cloves garlic, minced
20 g curry powder
2 g ground cumin
0.2 g cayenne pepper
1 (28 ounce) can crushed tomatoes
1 (15 ounce) can garbanzo beans, drained and rinsed
1 (8 ounce) can kidney beans, drained and rinsed
80 g raisins
salt and pepper to taste
Heat the oil in a large pot over medium heat, and cook the onion until tender. Mix in the lentils and garlic, and season with
curry powder, cumin, and cayenne pepper. Cook and stir 2 minutes. Stir in the tomatoes, garbanzo beans, kidney beans, and
raisins. Season with salt and pepper. Reduce heat to low, and simmer at least 1 hour, stirring occasionally.
Lifestyle 19
Sesame Noodles
Ingredients: Serves 4
225 g linguine pasta
3 cloves garlic, minced
40 g sugar
45 ml safflower oil
45 ml rice vinegar
45 ml soy sauce
15 ml sesame oil
5 ml chili sauce
3 green onions, sliced
2 g sesame seeds, toasted
Bring a pot of lightly salted water to boil. Add pasta, and cook until al dente, about 8
to 10 minutes. Drain, and transfer to a serving bowl. Meanwhile, place a saucepan
over medium-high heat. Stir in garlic, sugar, oil, vinegar, soy sauce, sesame oil, and
chili sauce. Bring to a boil, stirring constantly, until sugar dissolves. Pour sauce over
linguine, and toss to coat. Garnish with green onions and sesame seeds.
Pot Pie
Ingredients: Serves 6
30 ml olive oil
1 onion, chopped
225 g mushrooms
1 clove garlic, minced
2 large carrots, diced
2 potatoes, peeled and diced
2 stalks celery, sliced 1/4 inch wide
200 g cauliflower florets
110 g fresh green beans, trimmed and snapped into 1/2
inch pieces
710 ml vegetable broth
5 g kosher salt
2 g ground black pepper
15 g cornstarch
30 ml soy sauce
1 recipe pastry for double-crust pie
Preheat oven to 425 degrees F (220 degrees C). Heat oil in a large skillet or saucepan. Cook onions, mushrooms, and garlic in
oil for 3 to 5 minutes, stirring frequently. Stir in carrots, potatoes, and celery. Stir in cauliflower, green beans, and vegetable
broth. Bring to a boil, then turn heat down to a simmer. Cook until vegetables are barely tender, about 5 minutes. Season with
salt and pepper. In a small bowl, mix the cornstarch, soy sauce, and 1/4 cup water until cornstarch is completely dissolved. Stir
into vegetables, and cook until sauce thickens, about 3 minutes. Roll out 1/2 of the dough to line an 11x7 inch baking dish. Pour
the filling into the pastry lined dish. Roll out remaining dough, arrange over the filling, and seal and flute the edges. Bake in
preheated oven for 30 minutes, or until the crust is brown.
Most of us have cause to
complain about something at
some time or another. We are not
talking about moaning when your
husband leaves his socks lying on
the bedroom floor or your wife
burns the dinner. We are talking
about complaints about products
or services and how you handle
that complaint.
Legislation: The first steps to making
a legitimate complaint is to be aware of
the legislation that will affect your
complaint. You need to be sure that the
thing you are complaining about is
covered and not exempt or expired.
Check warranties, licences, contracts etc
or go to the company’s website for
information.
Documentation: You should make
sure you have all the supporting
documentation regarding your complaint.
This can include receipts, bills of sale,
licence, warranties, proof of payment,
photographs, contracts etc.
Complaint procedure: Always make
sure your complaint is timely. If there are
warranties or guarantee dates make sure
you are registering your complaint in good
time as if you delay it could prevent you
from receiving adequate compensation.
Always contact the company direct in
the first instance as most complaints can
be resolved at this level. If you are
complaining about a product first contact
the company from which it was
purchased, not the manufacturer. If the
complaint cannot be resolved with the
retailer, then you can progress to the
manufacturer.
In the first instance try to contact the
company by phone. Explain your problem
and dissatisfaction and try to resolve the
issue. If you have no success with the first
person you speak to try to escalate the
call to a manager. Again if you have no
resolution escalate again to their manager
or the head office.
Make sure you keep a record of the
call with details of who you spoke to
including their name and job title, the date
of the call and the response.
If a phone call does not resolve the
matter then you need to put your
complaint in writing. The letter should be
addressed to a company manager, by
name if known. You should detail the
nature of your complaint and give details
of the phone calls made to the company
and their response. You should include
copies (not originals) of receipts,
contracts, evidence of complaint such as
photographs of damaged goods etc. You
should also include details of your
required resolution: this might be a refund,
replacement product or further
compensation. It is also worth adding a
date by which you require a response: ten
business days is reasonable.
Always keep a copy of the letter and
documentation sent and sent the letter by
registered post.
Most companies will try to resolve
your complaint this stage however if you
still do not receive a satisfactory response
or indeed no response at all then you
might be able to register your complaint
officially with the organizing body which
regulates that particular company.
Regulatory Bodies
Most industries are covered by a
regulatory body, however some are not.
Here are some of the most common
regulatory organizations in Canada.
Vehicles: The Canadian Motor
Vehicle Arbitration Plan is a program
where disputes between consumers and
vehicle manufacturers about alleged
manufacturing defects or implementation
of the manufacturers' new vehicle
warranty can be put before a neutral third
party (arbitrator) for resolution.
Financial Services: All banks, retail
associations and federal trust, loan and
insurance companies must, by law, have
a complaint-handling process in place for
consumers. The Financial Consumer
Agency of Canada (FCAC) not only gives
consumers information about financial
products but also has an excellent
complaint-handling process tool on their
website. Simply enter the name of the
financial institution you are complaining
about and it will give you step-by-step
instructions on how to complain.
Food: The Canadian Food Inspection
Agency is responsible for the safety of the
food we eat. They have regional offices in
each province. Their website gives details
of their services as well as contact details
for each relevant office.
Insurance: The General Insurance
OmbudService (GIO) is an independent
dispute resolution service that is
responsive, thorough and focused on the
successful resolution of consumer
complaints of home, automobile and
business insurance.
The Canadian Life and Health
Insurance Ombudsman (CLHIO) can help
you with concerns and complaints about
life and health insurance products and
services that you are not able to resolve
by dealing directly with your insurance
company.
Air Travel: The Air Travel Complaints
Program is an informal process that
attempts to resolve travellers' complaints
about air carriers in a manner consistent
with the carriers' tariffs, the Canada
Transportation Act and related regulations
and, where applicable, international
conventions (the carrier's legal
obligations).
Advertising: Advertising Standards
Canada (ASC) is a self-regulatory body. If
you have a concern about an ad you see
or hear currently running in Canadian
media, you can submit your complaint to
ASC.
General complaints: The Canadian
Council of Better Business Bureaus
promotes ethical relations between
businesses and consumers. They will
handle a complaint for you as long as it
meets their terms and conditions.
20 Lifestyle
I have a complaint…...
.
Lifestyle 21
1. You Can Dance (Wed) - 1.41
2. Canadian Idol 6 (Mon) - 1.30
3. You Can Dance (Thu) - 1.26
4. CTV Evening News - 1.09
5. C.S.I. New York - 1.07
6. House - 1.02
7. Law & Order: CI - 0.99
8. Big Brother 10 (Sun) - 0.97
9. Canadian Idol Results - 0.95
10. Law & Order: SVU - 0.93
11. Bones - 0.91
12. Flashpoint 0.90
13. Big Brother 10 (Tue) - 0.97
14. Criminal Minds - 0.82
15. C.S.I. - 0.82
16. C.S.I. Miami - 0.81
17. Young & the Restless - 0.80
18. Wipeout 0.80
19. CBC Sunday Movie - 0.79
20. CTV Evening News (wkd) - 0.77
Top Canadian…
TV shows
CD’s
DVD’s
Fiction paperbacks
Fiction hard cover
1. Viva La Vida, Coldplay
2. Modern Guilt, Beck
3. Camp Rock, Soundtrack
4. Real Animal, Alejandro Escovedo
5. Tha Carter III, Lil Wayne
6. Mama Mia, Soundtrack
7. Good Girl Gone Bad, Rihanna
8. Where the Light Is, John Mayer
9. Jonas Brothers, Jonas Brothers
10. Rockferry, Duffy
1. The Bank Job
2. Vantage Point
3. Step Up 2 the Streets
4. 10,000 BC
5. Drillbit Taylor
6. Penelope
7. The Ruins
8. College Road Trip
9. Shutter
10. Charlie Bartlett
1. Late Nights on Air, Elizabeth Hay
2. Water for Elephants, Sara Gruen
3. Bones to Ashes, Kathy Reichs
4. Divisadero, Michael Ondaatje
5. The Book of Negroes, Lawrence
Hill
6. Mister Pip, Lloyd Jones
7. Lean Mean Thirteen, Janet
Evanovich
8. Navigator, Cussler & Kemprecos
9. High Noon, Nora Roberts
10. Step on a Crack, James Patterson
1. The Host, Stephanie Meyer
2. Fearless Fourteen, Janet
Evanovich
3. Careless in Red, Elizabeth George
4. Devil May Care, Sebastian Faulks
5. Thousand Splendid Suns, Khaled
Hosseini
6. The Cellist of Sarajevo, Steven
Galloway
7. World Without End, Ken Follett
8. The Miracle at Speedy Motors,
Alexander McCall Smith
9. Bright Shiny Morning, James Frey
10. The Enchantress of Florence,
Salman Rushdie
All films shown in Canadian theaters
must be given a classification code by the
relevant provincial or territorial
classification board. There are seven
boards across the country and all except
Quebec have the same rating system as
the Canadian Home Video Rating System.
British Columbia also classifies films
and videos for Saskatchewan and Yukon
Territories. Alberta classifies for the
Northwest Territories and Nunavut. Nova
Scotia looks after Prince Edward Island
and New Brunswick. Ontario, Manitoba
and Quebec each have their own
classification boards and Newfoundland
and Labrador does not participate in the
classification system.
So what exactly do the ratings mean?
General - Suitable for viewing
by persons of all ages.
Occasional violence,
swearing and coarse
language, and the most innocent
of sexually suggestive scenes and nudity,
are permitted in this category.
Parental Guidance - Parental
guidance advised. Theme or
content may not be suitable
for all children although there
is no age restriction. Motion
pictures in this category may contain less
subtle sexually suggestive scenes and
nudity and a more realistic portrayal of
violence than in the General category;
coarse language may occur more often
than in the General category.
14 Accompaniment -
Suitable for persons 14
years of age or older.
Persons under 14 years of age
must view these motion pictures
accompanied by an adult. Motion pictures
in this category may contain violence,
coarse language or sexually suggestive
scenes, or any combination of them.
18 Accompaniment -
Persons under 18 years of
age must view these motion
pictures accompanied by an
adult. Motion pictures in this
category will contain horror, explicit
violence, frequent coarse language or
scenes that are more sexually suggestive
than in the 14A category, or any
combination of them.
Restricted - Restricted to
persons 18 years of age
and over. Persons under
18 years of age are not
permitted to attend under any
circumstances. These motion pictures are
“adult motion pictures”, as defined in the
Act, and may contain explicit sexual
scenes, violence or scenes referred to in
Section 5(3) of the Act, or any
combination of them. The director will
assign this classification to motion
pictures if the director considers that the
theme, subject matter or plot of the adult
motion picture is artistic, historical,
political, educational or scientific.
Adult - Restricted to
persons 18 years of age
and over. Persons under
18 years of age are not
permitted to attend under any
circumstances. These motion pictures are
“adult motion pictures”, as defined in the
Act, and may contain explicit sexual
scenes or scenes of brutality or torture to
persons or animals, or any combination of
them, that are portrayed in a realistic and
explicit manner; however, the scenes
would, in the director’s opinion, be
tolerable to the community.
In Quebec the Régie du cinéma is
responsible for classification of all films.
They have a slightly different rating
system to the rest of Canada.
General - The film is
appropriate for viewing,
rental or purchase by
persons of all ages.
Although there may be some
nudity, love scenes remain rather discreet.
Depending on the context, some
expletives are tolerated.
Teenage - The film may be
viewed, purchased or
rented only by persons 13
years of age or older.
Children under 13 may be
admitted only if accompanied by
an adult. Violence, eroticism, coarse
language or horror may be more
developed and may constitute a dominant
characteristic of the film.
Young Adult - The film may
be viewed, purchased or
rented only by persons 16
years of age and over.
Films with this rating present
troubling themes, situations or behaviours
and adopt a more direct point of view
about things. They may therefore contain
scenes where violence, horror and
sexuality are more graphic.
Adult - The film may be
viewed, purchased or
rented only by persons 18
years of age and over.
Films reserved for adults most
often deal primarily with the
representation of explicit sexual
encounters. They may also be extremely
violent, showing scenes of hyperrealistic
cruelty, torture and horror.
Understanding film & DVD
classification
22 Lifestyle
Lifestyle 23
by: Lloyd Howard
HDTV - high-definition
television: it is something that has
been discussed for some time
now, however not everyone has a
strong sense of what it is and why
he or she would want to have it.
Because all television stations in the
United States will be required to
broadcast a digital signal after February
17, 2009, many viewers in the USA and
Canada are beginning to ask a lot more
questions about how the new digital age of
television will affect their personal viewing
experience. They want to know whether or
not their television set will be compatible,
whether or not they will have to replace it,
and what steps they will have to take in
order to keep watching their favorite
shows.
How to identify if your
television is an analog TV
Analog television has been with us
since the inception of television
broadcasting. Analog is the old way of
processing a television signal.
Television technology took a big leap
in the 1960's with the transition from
television tubes to circuit boards, but that
conversion failed to bring with it any major
strides in the quality of the television
picture.
If your current television does not
have a logo on its front that indicates DTV
(Digital TV), EDTV (Enhanced Definition
TV), or HDTV, then your television set is
an analog TV.
Understanding the transition
from an analog signal to the new
digital signal
Digital image processing is a
technology that began in earnest during
the 1970's, when Japanese technology
companies began to explore the concepts
of HDTV. The Japanese TV manufacturers
were exploring ways to improve the picture
quality of the television image, as a way to
find more customers for their television
products.
While Americans were busy playing
with building the computer industry, the
Japanese were hard at work trying to build
a better television set. The first HDTV
systems developed by the Japanese still
relied on the old analog system of sending
a broadcast signal to their televisions, but
they were still able to produce a better
television viewing experience.
Researchers soon understood that
they would need to push at least part of
the television signal in a digital format to
make sure that HDTV could be transmitted
within the limits currently allotted to the
television broadcasters. By the time they
had finished their work, the Grand Alliance
had created a system that was 100%
Digital.
Although most television stations have
been broadcasting a Digital Television
Signal now for a few years, analog
television owners have been none the
wiser. But that will all change in the USA
on February 17, 2009 and for Canadians in
August 2011.
Will my analog television
stop working in 2009?
In Canada we have until August 2011
until channels have to broadcast in digital,
however anyone in Canada who watches
US channels using an analog set will be
unable to receive them after February
2009. But that does not mean that you will
have to buy a new television in order to get
the new digital broadcasts. While you may
not need to replace your television set, you
may have to make changes in how you get
your television signal.
There are in fact three ways that the
average consumer can continue to get a
television signal using their old television
set:
1. Subscribe to a cable television
service (and use their digital television
converter);
2. Subscribe to a satellite television
service (and use their digital television
converter); or
The coming age of HDTV - what
does it mean to you?
24 Lifestyle
3. Buy a DTV converter (Digital TV
Converter) to receive signals from your
analog antenna and to convert that
signal back to analog, so that you can
continue to use your analog television.
Understanding the three
facets of the new digital
technology
1. Lines Of Resolution: The newer
digital technology is all about Lines Of
Resolution. With more lines of
resolution, the viewer will receive more
image information, therefore bringing the
viewer much more picture clarity and
detail.
When the Japanese rolled out
HDTV on the Japanese mainland, the
lines of resolution numbered 1080. To put
this into perspective, the standard analog
TV signal exhibits 330 lines of resolution.
This makes it more than clear that the
original analog HDTV format really was a
real issue for television broadcasters in
North America. To produce a resolution of
1080 lines on a system designed for 330
lines would have literally required three
times the bandwidth of the current analog
system.
Here are the standard television
resolutions:
* Analog Television - 330 Lines of
Resolution
* VCR's - 240 Lines of Resolution
* DVD's - 480 Lines of Resolution
* EDTV - 720 Lines of Resolution
* HDTV - 1080 Lines of Resolution
There is a caveat to this chart though.
The minimum requirement is that
broadcasters must produce a minimum of
720 Lines of Resolution. As a result, some
broadcasters like ABC chose the 720-
resolution, and yet they can still legally call
their programming standard, HDTV. Other
broadcasters like PBS opted for the higher
1080 format. Good for them.
In 1998, when the first HDTV's
became available to the buying public, the
Headline News newscasters were joking
that with the rollout of HDTV, we the
audience would be able to see every
blackhead and blemish on their faces. Of
course, they were probably correct in that
assumption. The detail of the HDTV-signal
is absolutely amazing.
2. Aspect Ratio: Another factor
connected to the new HDTV-format is the
Aspect Ratio.
In a standard analog television, the
Aspect Ratio is a 4-by-3, which nearly
looks square. The 4-by-3 ratio means that
it can be measured 4-parts wide to 3-parts
high.
With the new HDTV format, the
Aspect Ratio has been changed to the
same format seen in the movie theatre - a
16-by-9 Aspect Ratio, or 16-parts wide to
9-parts high.
3. Sound Quality: The third factor
connected to the new HDTV-format is
Sound Quality. In fact, most HDTV
programming will carry with it Dolby Digital
5.1 surround sound, as frequently heard
on DVD's. So long as you have a surround
sound unit attached to your television set,
the surround sound will enable to the
television viewer to be immersed in the
sound, so much so as it often feels as if
you are in the middle of the action
happening on your television set.
In conclusion...
While it is true that you do not need to
upgrade your television from the analog
format to the new digital format, you might
seriously consider doing so anyway.
Now that we are quickly approaching
the end of the analog-television era, the
cost of HDTV television sets has fallen
considerably. Whereas five years ago, the
average HDTV cost in the range of
$3-4,000, the cost of most HDTV's has
fallen to under $1,200 today.
Although it will be possible to convert
the digital television signal to analog, you
will lose the extra picture detail on the
conversion. So, if you stick with your
analog television, you will be restricting
yourself to the quality of picture you are
currently receiving, even after the change
in television broadcasting formats is
complete.
Although color-technology was first
introduced to audiences with the release of
The Wizard Of Oz in 1939, color television
did not become mainstream until the
late-1960's. And although the technology
of color was mainstream, black-and-white
televisions were still being manufactured
and sold well into the 1980's.
Fortunately, this transition will be a bit
quicker than the conversion from black-
and-white to color. Under the rules for the
transition to digital television, television
manufacturers were required to include a
digital tuner in all television sets
manufactured after March 1, 2006.
This conversion is much like the
transition from AM to FM as the standard
listening medium in the radio industry.
Radio listeners could not listen to FM
stations until which time they had
upgraded their radio from AM to the AM/
FM format. The same thing will happen
here as well. If you want to receive the
beautiful, high-quality HDTV images, you
will need to upgrade to a television set
capable of displaying the HDTV images.
If you have any lingering doubts about
the better HDTV standard, all you need to
do is to visit your local television store and
see for yourself just how awesome of a
picture HDTV actually produces. Just as
Dolby Digital Surround Sound enables the
listener to feel as if they are in the middle
of the action on the television, HDTV
permits the viewer to feel as if they are
standing in the same room as the actors,
on the sidelines at the football game, or on
the same beach as the models - it really is
that good of a picture.
Lifestyle 25
Although it doesn’t seem like
five minutes since the kids were
finishing school for the summer
break, it is now time to start
thinking about that return to
school. Do they have the books,
pencils, pens and general
stationary they need? Is last years
calculator still cool or will they
need a new one? Is that backpack
still okay or will you need to buy a
new one? These are questions
that parents all over Canada are
asking.
Of course if you ask the kids
themselves they will probably want
everything new, after all, last years
backpack is so - well - last year! How can
they possibly turn up at school with the
same one? Unfortunately most parents
find that their bank balances tell another
story. So how do you get the best bang for
buck when it comes to back to school?
Make a list early on with your child or
get a supplies list from their teacher so
you know exactly what is needed and
cross the items off as they are purchased.
Check the requirements against last years
supplies, can anything be salvaged? Even
if something will only be good for part of
the year, it means you have less to buy
now and can help spread the costs a little.
Make sure you start to shop early,
there is nothing worse than last minute
shopping the week before they return to
school. Not only will you be stressed, but
many of the items you want may be sold
out. Most of the shops selling back to
school items have sales on throughout the
summer months so make sure you use
the sales to your advantage. You can save
money by buying some items in bulk.
Although your child might only need one
spiral notebook, no doubt many more will
be required throughout the year, or even
into the following school year, so by
buying in bulk
you will save
money in the
long term.
Will last
years backpack
survive another
year, or even
part of the
year? If you can
get a few more
months out of it
this will spread
some of your
costs. Likewise
if you send your
child to school
with a packed
lunch, are the
boxes, bags etc
still useable?
When buying
these types of
items it is easy
to be swayed by
your child
wanting the
latest Hannah
Montana or
Batman
backpack or
lunch box.
However, if you
can get away
with buying more
generic items this will save money in the
future when that particular idol is no longer
the “in thing”.
When buying school clothes,
purchase them throughout the year, so
that you do not have a sudden need to
completely replenish their wardrobe all at
once. As long as your child has seasonally
appropriate clothing to start the school
year with, other items can be added later.
Perhaps treat them to a first day back
outfit instead. Some clothing items need
changing more often such as footwear, so
make sure they have good fitting shoes for
general wear, gym, sports etc. Again wait
for sales and buy one get one half price
offers, particularly if you have more than
one child.
It is also a good idea to shop without
the kids as they will tend to see other
things they ”need” and you may feel under
pressure to buy.
Remember you do not have to
replace everything for the first day back.
By buying only the items that are
absolutely essential to start with you can
spread the cost of the non essential items
and purchase them when you have more
money available.
Gloria York Tel: 613 634 0199
www.sendoutcards.com/45008
Send a card on me it's FREE
Back to school
shopping
26 Moving to Canada
Immigration changes - latest
We promised to keep
Muchmor Canada readers
informed about the changes that
Citizenship and Immigration
Canada (CIC) have planned for
immigrants, so here is the latest
update.
The changes to the bill mean that
CIC can now choose the type of
immigrants they allow into Canada as
permanent residents. As part of changes
to the Immigration and Refugee
Protection Act they have agreed to consult
with all provinces and territories to come
up with a list of required skills.
Under the old system all applicants
were processed in order that their
application was received. Unless the
applicant failed to meet certain criteria
they were guaranteed residency. Under
the new system, CIC will have the power
to select applicants who meet skill
shortages and put others on the back-
burner. Some may even be refused
completely if their skills are not required.
Although these changes were
requested by CIC many months ago and
they had the chance to prepare and
consult with provinces and territories well
before the bill was passed this did not
happen. Instead, only now are CIC
preparing the consultations.
During July meetings have been
taking place with regional representatives
to ascertain the immediate labour needs
in each area. Unfortunately these
meetings are closed to the public and the
media.
Citizenship and Immigration Canada
spokeswoman Karen Shadd-Evelyn said
the sessions are closed to the media and
general public "in order to avoid creating
expectations or misleading impressions
about what the ministerial instructions
might be before they are issued." She
said the intent is to allow for "focused
discussions with experts and stakeholders
from industries."

Shadd-Evelyn assured applicants
that all categories not affected by the new
legislation will continue to be processed in
the usual way. This includes all
applications received before February 27
th

2008 and those received after this date
coming through the Provincial Nominee
Programs, family and refugee categories,
Quebec skilled workers, and the Federal
Skilled Worker category if the applicant
already has arranged employment.
Any applications received under the
federal skilled worker category after
February 27
th
2008 will be considered for
processing once the new instructions
have been agreed.
Critics are worried that one round of
consultations will be inadequate as
Canada’s labour needs change on a
regular basis and six months down the
line a different set of requirements may be
needed.
Some officials has voiced concerns
about their own Provincial Nominee
Programs (PNP). They are concerned that
changes at federal
level may impact
on PNP’s and
want assurances
from CIC that
federal policies
will not
overshadow their
own. They want
provincial
recruitment to take
priority over
federal policy.
During July
the following
consultations took
place:
July 7: St. John’s,
Newfoundland
and Labrador
July 9: Halifax,
Nova Scotia
July 10:
Fredericton, New
Brunswick
July 11:
Charlottetown,
Prince Edward Island
July 15: Vancouver, British Columbia
July 16: Edmonton, Alberta
July 17-18: Winnipeg, Manitoba (and
Saskatchewan)
July 21-22: Toronto, Ontario
July 10: Nunavut
The dates for Northwest Territories and
Yukon were not disclosed. Quebec will
only have informal consultations as under
the Canada-Quebec Accord the province
exercises its own jurisdiction over
immigration.
The themes of these discussions will
be the role of the immigration program in
assessing labour market needs, the short
and long term occupations required along
with their skill levels and accreditation
requirements. They will also discuss the
prioritization of applications received after
February 27
th
2008.
A roundtable meeting will be held on
August 15
th
to discuss the findings of
these consultations.
Are you new
to Ontario?
Visit www.settlement.orgfor information about
Finding a Job, ESL Classes, Housing, Health and much more...
Citizenship and
Immigration Canada
Citoyenneté et
Immigration Canada
Funded by:
Managed by: Ontario Council of Agencies Serving Immigrants (OCASI)
Do you need help?
Are you helping
newcomers to settle?
Settlement.Org provides
you with information and
answers to settle in Ontario.
Are you new
to Ontario?
final changes June 2, 2005
Moving to Canada 27
@EM@K<PFLI
8LEK@<KF
G8:B?<I
JK<K?FJ:FG<%
We've streamlined the immigration process to help Alberta meet its labour demands in a variety oI
industries. This is great news Ior you and your relatives between the ages oI 2! and 45, with post·secondary
education and proñciency in English or French. The Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program is the quickest
way Ior you to sponsor a relative and Ior them to become a permanent resident oI Alberta. They have the
opportunity to build a career and liIe in this great province and you get to be close to the people you love.
For a complete list oI criteria, visit www.aIbertacanada.ccm/ainp
28 Moving to Canada
by Andrea Lamond
Does the thought of staying in a
cramped hotel room with your entire
family (husband and 4 kids) make you
think twice about traveling? A friend of
mine is looking to go to Vancouver for a
few days to visit her working husband.
He is currently living with three guys in a
one bedroom apartment to cut costs
while away from his family. The guys all
live in small rural towns and are just in
Vancouver to make some money to send
home. Six to eight months of hard work
can keep their families going for awhile
but the kids need to see their dad
occasionally too.
“There’s just no room to relax with
everyone in one hotel room,” my friend
said. “Sleeping in the same room, let
alone the same bed with the kids makes
the odds of getting a good night's sleep a
million to one. Not to mention the fact
that you constantly have to quiet the kids
so they don’t disturb the neighbouring
rooms, stop them from shouting while
they’re running up and down the
hallways, and having to go out or get
take out for every meal. Vacations cost a
small fortune these days!”
Being in the travel industry I have to
agree. It’s difficult enough to find a hotel
room that can sleep six so my friend
would most likely have to find two rooms
side by side, thereby doubling the price.
With an average nights stay running
$189 per night for an economy twin
room, that’s $378 for her family per night.
Finding adjoining rooms is not always
possible either which can create even
more challenges.
Most hotels in the larger cites also
don’t come with kitchenettes, so going
out to eat or ordering takeout would be
required. Breakfast, lunch and dinner
add up fast for a family of six even if you
do buy some snacks at the local grocery
store. If you’re staying in a big city
downtown, sometimes just finding a
grocery store can be a difficult task.
That’s when I suggested taking at
look at vacation rentals instead. You can
rent an entire house for practically the
same or less that those hotel rooms. On
OwnerDirect.com for example, an 1,100
square foot 2 bedroom plus den house in
Coquitlam, only 15 minutes from
Vancouver’s downtown is going for $210
per night and can sleep 6. It has a full
kitchen, living room, laundry, large deck
and a yard for the kids to play in too. A
much more comfortable solution to
staying in cramped hotel rooms.
If they wanted to be right downtown
Vancouver, a 2 bedroom apartment that
can sleep up to 6 goes a grand total of
$864.28 for a 3 nights stay ($285/ night
plus tax). It’s got a full kitchen, living
room, two bathrooms, and the apartment
complex offers a swimming pool,
whirlpool and fitness room. Hotel rooms
at $300 per night would end up costing
$1200 plus tax and most likely wouldn’t
have a kitchen or living room.
For larger groups or families,
vacation rentals offer so much more than
small hotel rooms can. There is also the
possibility that owners will offer discounts
for children under a certain age. Thanks
to the Internet, the travel industry is
competitive which means better value
and lower prices can be found if you
know where to look.
Donna McNeil
Moving to Nova Scotia ?
Lots of Questions?
For Information meet me at Emigrate 2008
March 1 & 2 - 2008
Stand 118
Sandown Racecourse
Esher, Surrey
Exit Realty Metro
2055-1658 Bedford Highway, Bedford Nova Soctia, B4A 2X9.
Cell: 902-222-4937
Fax: 902-835-4539
email: donnamcneil@exitmetro.ca
email: donna@relocationnovascotia.com
Web: www.donnamcneilatexit.ca
A remedy for the hotel room
cramps – traveling with 4 kids
Be one of the many families I have successfully
helped relocate to the Halifax, Nova Scotia area.
I can assist from your first fact finding trip to the
purchase of your new home.
By Guidy Mamann
Q: We have a pending immigrant
application to Canada and we wanted to
obtain points for having a relative in
Canada.
To prove that my husband’s aunt is
residing in Canada, the visa post has
asked us for the following:
Pay slips issued to your relative by a
Canadian employer in Canada, Canadian
income tax documents (recent notice of
assessment) credit card and bank
statements from the past six months
showing transactions that occurred in
Canada. Utility bills and property
ownership documents will not be
accepted as conclusive evidence of your
relatives living in Canada.
My aunt-in-law and her family just
recently landed in Canada and do not
have tax assessments or pay slips.
Her husband has a credit card
statement for the past 2 months. Although
she is a cardholder on the account her
name doesn’t appear on the statement.
She has a bank statement but no
transactions on it. Can we still get points
for them?
A: You may be in a delicate situation,
but not for the reasons that you think.
First, the basics. A person who is
applying for permanent residence to
Canada under our skilled worker category
needs to score at least 67 points in
addition to meeting all of the other
requirements of our immigration laws.
Although you cannot be sponsored by
your husband’s aunt, you are entitled to
an award of 5 points simply for being
related to her provided that she is living in
Canada. She will not be in any way
responsible for you
financially, or
otherwise, after
you arrive in
Canada.
To claim these
points you must
simply prove that
she is a Canadian
citizen or
permanent
resident, that you
or your husband
are related to her,
and that she
resides in Canada.
The burden of proving these facts rests
squarely on your shoulders. Our laws do
not specify what documents must be
shown to prove these facts. Accordingly,
you can use any documents that are
available to you in the circumstances of
the case. The officer must act reasonably
when considering them and cannot reject
your application simply because you can’t
comply with his/her request. A copy of
your aunt’s PR card will show her landing
date and so the officer can’t expect you to
provide proof of residence before this. I
would suggest that you do include
documents such as a deed, lease
agreement, utility bills etc. to prove her
residence even though these documents,
in and of themselves, are not considered
conclusive proof of residence. I would
also include a sworn declaration of your
aunt and her husband and perhaps of a
neighbour, clergyman, landlord, or other
responsible person who can attest in
writing to the fact that she is living here.
Hopefully, the officer acting reasonably
will consider these to be sufficient in the
circumstances.
However, there may be a more
serious problem.
You can only claim points for those
facts which existed at the time that your
application was filed and which continue
to exist at the time that your visa is
issued. If your aunt was not a permanent
resident or was not living in Canada on
the date you filed your application you will
not be entitled to any relative points.
Similarly, if she leaves Canada before
your application is decided, you will not be
entitled to these points.
Since your aunt only recently arrived,
I am worried that if you applied before she
arrived here you may not be able to claim
the five points that you might need to
achieve a passing score.
Guidy Mamann practices law in
Toronto at Mamann & Associates and is
certified by the Law Society of Upper
Canada as an immigration specialist.
Reach him confidentially at 416-862-0000
or at info@migrationlaw.com.
Moving to Canada 29
Claiming points
for Canadian
relative may not
succeed
30 Moving to Canada
Renting a property in Canada
By Helen Parnell - Alberta
property relocation specialist
Most people who move over to
Canada initially would like to rent
a property. Often the reasons for
this are that some want to be able
to look around to see where to
buy and some want to make sure
the move is right before
committing to a major expense.
Others have been unable to sell
their home in the UK and so do
not have the funds yet available to
buy.
If you have nowhere to go when you
arrive I would recommend that you
consider furnished accommodation as it’s
often cheaper than a hotel and is
somewhere to go to from the airport.
Furnished short-term accommodation is
available but at a price! If you allow for
the cost in your planning then it can be
the better move. They are cheaper than
hotels and if it is just for one month it
would give you somewhere to sleep that
first month and be able to look around for
a more suitable rental to meet your
needs. If you have children then you can
look for suitable schools and rent in those
areas.
You can also buy and move into a
house within a month. Why rent for 6
months or a year and wait to buy a house
when you can be in it straight away!
If you are going to rent long term
then most accommodation that is rented
on a longer-term basis is unfurnished.
The landlord usually demands a one-year
lease initially and then thereafter the
arrangement usually defaults to a month-
to-month rental. Of course everything is
negotiable, asking for a short-term 3-
month rental in September is hard as that
takes you through to December when the
landlord would find it hard to rent out
again. Asking in December to move out in
March is much more feasible.
Different parts of Canada have
different demands. In Calgary if you want
to rent a nice house in a nice area, then
you have to act quickly, if something
becomes available. Not only check the
websites, but local papers and phone
local Property Management companies to
be put on their waiting list.
Most landlords will ask for a
reference check. If you are coming from
the UK, and have not rented before, just
get a letter of reference. It could be from a
neighbour who can vouch for you. Some
professional property management
companies will insist on a credit check. As
you will not have a credit rating, I would
recommend that you get one from the UK
and photo copy it for them. (Getting a
credit check report is good to have,
before you leave the UK as it can help
with banking, getting a credit card or
loan). Most professional property
managers will accept this. Some,
including myself, just want confirmation
that you are working in Canada.
Moving to Canada 31
All rents are negotiable. Just don’t
expect a reduction as a right. It all
depends on how desperate they are to
rent, the current market situation and how
long has it been available to rent etc. I
would suggest that you ask for a lower
rent and see if they accept it. You have
nothing to lose. If they say no and you
want to rent it, then you have to pay that
amount.
Landlords usually ask tenants for a
security deposit, sometimes called a
damage deposit. It cannot be more than
the equivalent of one month’s rent at the
time the tenancy starts. The security
deposit cannot be increased as rent
increases. Landlords must deposit all
security deposits in an interest-bearing
trust account in a bank and must pay
interest to the tenant at the end of each
tenancy year unless both parties agree
otherwise. If the landlord and the tenant
agree in writing, interest may be
compounded annually and paid to the
tenant at the end of the tenancy.
Make sure you know what the rent
covers. If you are in an apartment then
the rent may cover utilities. If the rent is
short term then it should also cover the
cost of utilities. If you are renting for a
month then it is hard to change over
utilities for such a short time. Property tax
is the responsibility of the owner and you
do not need to pay it.
When moving in you will have to pay
the damage deposit (if not already paid)
and the first months rent. You pay on the
1st of each month for that month. You
have a legal obligation to pay the rent and
can be evicted if you are constantly late.
(Even if you always pay it eventually).
When you move into the property,
you and the landlord will do a "walk
through," during which you will inspect the
property, observe the condition that it is
in, note any flaws in writing, and both sign
copies of the written document.
If you want to have the necessary
leverage to ensure that your damage
deposit is returned to you when you
vacate the property, it is important for you
to keep a copy of the inspection
worksheet that you and the landlord
signed.
Landlords cannot make any
deduction for damages or cleaning costs
from the security deposit when the tenant
moves out if the inspection report
requirements have not been met.
Many landlords do not permit pets,
especially large ones. I would recommend
that you phone the landlord personally
and ask them if they would accept your
pet for an additional rent. I know one
family who agreed for the landlord to keep
$500 from the damage deposit to have
the house professionally cleaned after
they leave. I write into the contract that
the carpets have to be professionally
cleaned if pets have been allowed.
Just a word of advice. If you are
planning to move to a small town then the
rental market may be tight. I currently live
in Cochrane and only recently have we
had a choice of nice houses to rent. This
is due to owners not being able to sell
their house and so are renting them out.
Short term furnished rentals get taken
very quickly. If you are offered a short-
term rental whilst still in the UK and don’t
wish to commit to it then you may find it
rented to someone else almost
immediately. In recent years I have
offered nice properties to rent to Britain’s
prior to them moving over. They have
refused them because they wanted to see
them first. Then when they have arrived
there has been nothing to rent and they
have ended up staying in a hotel for
longer than planned whilst they tried to
find a suitable rental. This extra cost can
become quite substantial, as hotel
accommodation is not cheap and often
unsuitable for newly arrived families.
Rentals normally run from the 1st of
the month. If you are arriving on the 15th
then most of those available from the 1st
of the following month may have already
been taken. Today is July 23rd and I have
already arranged rentals for September
1st. If you do secure a place whilst in the
UK and you are arriving in the middle of
the month, then you may be asked to pay
for the whole month.
All laws concerning landlords and
tenants are covered under Provincial law.
This article is Alberta based and most
provinces have similar laws.
Helen Parnell is real estate expert for
Calgary and Southern Alberta. She can
help with all your real estate needs. See
her list of services at
www.helensellshomes.ca
Helen is also a relocation specialist,
so if you are moving to Calgary or
Southern Alberta from another area of
Canada or from overseas Helen can help
with everything from meeting you at the
airport and finding a property to arranging
your mortgage. See her relocation
services at www.moving2alberta.com
Tel: 001 403 932 5670
Email: Helenparnell@shaw.ca
www.moving2alberta.com
MOVING 2 ALBERTA
Contact Helen Parnell a property relocation
specialist who has helped many
expats settle here after making
the move herself.
Free assistance on • Accommodation
• Real Estate • Insurance
• Mortgages • Airport meet and greet
• Serving Calgary and South Alberta
32 Moving to Canada
By June Spindloe - Relocation
Nova Scotia
Maybe you have recently arrived in
Halifax and you don't yet have a work
permit so your partner is working and
you are not. This may seem attractive for
the first few weeks but as time goes on
its hard to stay motivated. when you
don’t even know where to begin making
new friends. Volunteering and
networking is so easy to do here in
Halifax. This month I'm going to talk
about our latest venture.
One of the best ways to make new
friends and become involved in your
local community is to join a group or
Association. That is of course if you can
find out which ones are actively seeking
members and whether you would be able
to support the aims and goals of whatever
group you choose to join.
Mark and I have been involved in
helping new families settle in Halifax for
many years and are always encouraging
people to become involved in something
worthwhile but we have never joined any
particular Association. But, after a recent
article was published in our local
newspaper about us and the growing
number of Brits arriving in Halifax we
received a telephone call from the
president of The Royal St George's
Society, here in Halifax. Imagine my
surprise when I had to tell him that I had
never heard of The St George's Society
which was founded to honour the patron
saint of England and promote good
fellowship!! Were these people for
real...as it turns out they were and they
needed our help.
We were invited to meet with Basil
Grogono who was retiring as President of
the society and his wife Sonia. They
explained to us that they were worried
that the society was declining in
membership numbers and that as most of
the members were well over the age of
sixty five that the Society was in danger of
dying out. They wanted us to help
rejuvenate the society by joining forces
with them and getting some younger
members with families involved and
creating some new events. Apparently
most of the membership was generated
by word of mouth, that could explain why
we had never heard of it. The other major
issue for Basil was having a website that
was functional and could be accessed by
anyone.
We were only too pleased to become
active members and set about recruiting
as many of our newly landed families as
possible with a view to injecting some
new life into the society which was
founded in 1786. Its goals then were to
"assist Englishmen in distress and to
promote good fellowship with each other".
We and four of our new families were
special guests at the Annual Dinner on St
George's Day on April 23rd. Mark and I
were introduced to The Lieutenant
Govenor of Nova Scotia Hon Mayann E.
Frances, she is a patron of the society.
There were some mixed feelings about
celebrating being English when lets face it
we wanted to get away from the very
fabric of a society that seems to be slowly
going down the tubes, but surprisingly the
aims of the society was really geared to
celebrating being English in Nova Scotia.
This is something that was close to our
hearts as we love the Maritime culture
and we have embraced the respect for
each other and the courtesy that we find
people extend to each other here. There
were many of the older members at this
event and we were the youngest!
Basil was due to retire and we were
asked to go along to the Annual General
Meeting to make a presentation about our
business Relocation Nova Scotia and
what its aims and ideas were. One thing
that became immediately apparent to me
was how many of the members could still
relate to my presentation when I
explained that we had initiated a
networking group for new arrivals as it’s
hard to make new friends and also hard
to leave family and friends behind. During
the meeting Mark was nominated as Vice
President along with a new President
Brian Penney. .
Project to help new Brits ... WE
NEED YOU
Mark new Vice President and New President of St George's Brian
Penney with Donna McNeil showing off her new hat
There are St
George's
Societies all over
Canada and each
one has a
different approach
but with the same
aims and goals.
We feel very
honored to be
given this
opportunity to
make a
difference. We
hope that over a
period of time we
can inject some
new life into this
wonderful Society.
To date we have
attended a
Garden Party and
we are organizing
our very first
family event to
raise money for
the new website.
We are always on
the lookout for
new members
active or non
active - we need
you to join forces
with us and put something back into the
community here in Halifax Nova Scotia. If
you are planning on relocating here or are
reading this and are here already please
drop us a line and get involved. Here’s a
special mention for some of our newest
recruits. We have Ange and Jeff Phillips
who arrived in May organizing the
newsletter as they have hidden talents on
the computer and Ange is an ardent scrap
booker! John and Pat Day who arrived a
year or so ago will be helping at the BBQ.
Nicky who is a talented novelty cake
baker will make a St George's Cake and
Rob Place who is a web designer will
soon have our new St George's web site
up and running. Let’s not forget that you
don’t have to be from the UK to join. Our
own good friends Donna and Mike McNeil
who are Canadians can be seen mingling
with the best of the Brits at the garden
party.
We have always tried to promote
everyones obvious and hidden talents
within our own circle of influence. This has
resulted in referrals for work and
character references for resumes. Never
turn down an opportunity to talk about
yourself and don't be surprised at who
might be standing next to you at a BBQ or
garden party. It’s just not like the UK
where we used to feel that there were
some social events that we wouldn't feel
comfortable with. Mark is enjoying his new
found fame and has been busy planning a
British Beer Night at our local - not sure if
all the original St George's Members will
attend but I know a few new members
that will!
To contact us about settling in Nova
Scotia or becoming a member of The
Royal St George's Society please
email Mark or June by going to our
website at www.relocationnovascotia.com
Moving to Canada 33
Besides help with purchasing property we can save
you hours of research, time and money.
These are just some of the benefits Relocation Nova Scotia clients enjoy!
• Tailor Made accommodation solutions for your Fact Finding Trips and
on landing, choice of B&B or one of our short term rentals.
• We will provide meet and greet at Airport when landing with a large
enough vehicle for your family and luggage.
• Meet with professional Immigration Consultant based here in Halifax
on your fact finding trip and receive free consultation.
• Foreign exchange specialist will make moving your money overseas
easy. Fast Track services to obtain day-to-day banking, mortgages,
credit cards and financial services from one of Canada’s leading
Banks, with a one to one service from your own personal banker.
• Competitive rates for Car Rental, Car Insurance and purchasing a
vehicle.
• Canadian Mobile phones, SIM cards delivered to you before you
land and pay using a UK credit card.
• Unique women’s network providing friendship and advice.
Please visit www.relocationnovascotia.com and register.
Call June or Mark on 001 902 446 0766 and we’ll call you back.
Meet us - June & Mark Spindloe online at
the Canadian Government’s portal:
www.bfic.net
Or email us:
info@relocationnovascotia.com
Donna with Anthony
Kawalski and Ange & Jeff
Phillips - see page 39
Yes Realtors here actually
socialize with their
customers
Some of the Older
Generation enjoying a glass
of wine
Vice President Mark with
President of St Georges
Brian Penney
34 Moving to Canada
Obtaining police certificates
Anyone wishing to immigrate
to Canada is required to provide
police certificates. The point at
which you need to provide this
will depend upon your application
type and will be clarified in the
appropriate immigration guide.
A police certificate is a record of
your criminal history. Obviously if you
have no criminal record then the
certificate will show this. Different
countries and jurisdictions may refer to
them by different names such as good
conduct certificates, clearance
certificates, judicial records etc. All
countries keep records of criminal activity
and Citizenship and Immigration Canada
(CIC) requires this information to prevent
people who pose a risk to Canadian
security from entering the country.
Anyone looking to enter Canada as a
permanent resident who is over 18 years
of age (16 years in some cases) is
required to provide a police certificate
from every country they have resided in
for six consecutive months or more. The
certificate must be an original and be no
more than three months old. It must also
be in either English or French and if the
original is in another language it must be
translated by an accredited translator. The
translation along with the original must be
submitted.
The list below gives details of where
to obtain police certificates for some of
the top immigration source countries - in
no particular order.
United States of America: You will
need to get a cover letter and fingerprint
card from the FBI. Fingerprints can be
taken at local police departments or
private fingerprinting services upon proof
of identification. You then mail the
completed cover letter and prints to the
FBI along with a fee of $18US. Allow
16-18 weeks for processing. Details at
www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/fprequest.htm.
People’s Republic of China:
Applicants should obtain police
certificates from the local Public Security
Bureau, which should be then notarized
by the PRC Notary Public office.
United Kingdom: (England, Channel
Islands, Isle of Man, Scotland, Wales and
Northern Ireland). A new police certificate
is now available replacing the old Subject
Access report. To apply, download the
application form and supporting
information at: www.acpo.police.uk/
certificates.asp
The cost is £35 and you should allow
10 days for processing. Premium three-
day processing is available for £70.
Until the end of this year, either the
Subject Access or the Police Certificate
will be accepted when you apply for a
visa, but any certificate issued after
December 31, 2008, must be in the new
format.
India: Applicants should contact the
local Senior Superintendent of Police/
Commissioner of Police. Police clearance
certificates from the regional passport
office (RPO) are also acceptable.
Philippines: Applicants should apply
in person and pay applicable fees at the
local National Bureau of Investigation
(NBI). Fingerprints and photographs will
be taken at the time of application. The
certificate must have a thumbprint and
include a dry seal. Details at
www.nbi.gov.ph/
France: Applicants need to obtain a
Bulletin No 3. from the Casier Judiciaire
National. Further information and online
applications can be found at
www.cjn.justice.gouv.fr
Pakistan: Applicants should apply for
a Character Clearance Certificate or a
Police Clearance Certificate at the local
district office of the Senior
Superintendent of Police (SSP) of the
Police Security Branch.
Iran: All applicants aged 16 years or
over require a police certificate.
Applicants can apply to one of seven
Penal Records Office in Tehran. Full
details can be fount at www.cic.gc.ca/
english/information/security/police-cert/
mid-east/iran.asp
Republic of South Korea:
Applicants should request a Criminal
History Information Record (CHIR)/Bumjoi
Gyung-ryuck Jaryo Hoibo-seo from the
nearest police station.
Columbia: Applicants should apply
for a Certificado Judicial y de Policía in
person at the Departamento
Administrativo de Seguridad, provide two
3x3 cm photographs and their national
identification card/cedula de ciudadanía,
and pay the applicable fees.
Sri Lanka: Applicants should apply in
person to the main Police Headquarters
in Colombo - 01. On the application form,
in the section concerning the coverage of
the period of the police clearance,
applicants should request “other” and
specify “since the age of 18.” See full
details here: www.police.lk/divisions/
clearence_ready.asp
Romania: Romanian nationals can
obtain a Certificat de Cazier Judiciar by
applying in person to the police station
where they are registered. Applicants will
be required to present their identity card
and provide a fiscal stamp for the
processing fee (available at any post
office).
Other countries: If you require a
police certificate from another country you
can find information, forms and other
details by selecting your preferred country
at this link www.cic.gc.ca/english/
information/security/police-cert/index.asp
Moving to Canada 35
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When in Canada
There are certain phrases and words that you need to
know when making a new life in Canada. Some may be
familiar, but others are strictly Canadian, so here goes….
Eh - you cannot call yourself Canadian if you don’t have
this word in your vocabulary. It can have several meanings
such as an affirmed response, continued interest, agreement
e.g. it’s a lovely day eh!
Toque - A knitted hat, close fitting often with tassels or
pompoms (bobble hat).
Bunny Hug - Hooded jacket, referred to as a kangaroo
jacket if it has a front pouch.
Poutine - A serving of french fries topped with cheese
curds and gravy.
Butter tart - A tart filled with butter, brown sugar, eggs
and raisins.
Loonie - One dollar coin.
Toonie - Two dollar coin.
Soother - A plastic item given to a baby to suck such as
a ring or teat. Also called a pacifier.
Winter road - Road only passable during winter, often
made of compacted ice and snow.
Pot light - Small light recessed into ceiling.
Wrench - Tool for tightening bolts (known as a spanner
in the UK).
Trunk - Rear compartment of a vehicle used for
storage.
Pogo - Hotdog covered in batter then deep fried and
served on a stick.
Bumwad - Toilet paper.
Inukshuk - A human figure made of stones used as a
marker or guide for travellers.
Century house - House of around 100 years of age
Hydro - Electricity.
Chip wagon - roadside eatery serving french fries and
other snacks and drinks.
ATV - All terrain vehicle known as a quad bike in the UK,
Australia and New Zealand.
Collector - A transfer lane of a highway, separate from
main highway used to enter and exit without interrupting
traffic flow.
Gas - Gasoline, known as petrol in the UK.
Muffler - Part of exhaust system on vehicles used to
reduce noise. Also known as a silencer.
Cookie - Known as a biscuit outside North America.
Biscuit - Similar to a scone often served at breakfast.
Resume - Similar to a UK Curriculum Vitae (CV) but
with some differences.
Icewine - Sweet wine made from grapes that are frozen
when picked and still frozen when pressed.
Double-double - Coffee served with double servings of
cream and sugar.
Regular - Coffee served with one serving of cream and
sugar.
36 Moving to Canada
A dream rebuilt
We first introduced you to Sue and Barry in our February 2008 issue. In this story (Shattered Dreams) we
heard how the couple had enlisted the services of an immigration company who promised to find Barry a
job in Canada so they could get work permits and eventually make a new life here. Instead the family found
that not only were there no jobs on offer but that they may not get permanent residency due to their
daughter suffering from asperger syndrome, a form of autism. The family had paid the immigration
company a considerable amount of money and had seen their plans to move to Canada shattered. This
month we continue their saga which as you will see takes a drastic and very unexpected turn.
Sue takes up the story
After our story featured in Muchmor
in February we finally had contact from
the immigration company we were using.
They agreed that they had not done a
reasonable job of trying to find work for
Barry and agreed to refund our money.
This was a huge relief as we had thought
that we would not get this back and
£3,600 ($7,200 CAD) is a lot of money to
loose with no results. Of course this still
meant that Barry had no job and that we
were unlikely to get to Canada.
One morning in May one of our
children (who shall remain nameless)
decided to run the water in the
downstairs bathroom. Normally this
would not be a problem, however when
you combine that with the flannel
covering the overflow and the fact the
said person then fell asleep it resulted in
flooding. I awoke at 7 am to the sound of
running water - our entire ground floor
was ankle deep in water and as I was
beginning to think that this just wasn’t our
year the phone rang. I paddled across
and answered: it was a company offering
Barry a job. Yippee, you all shout, they
are finally on their way to Canada, but no,
this job was in Abu Dhabi in the United
Arab Emirates.
The job was an amazing opportunity
and came with great pay and lots of
extras such as child care and
accommodation etc. After careful
consideration we decided he should take
the job and the family would move out to
Abu Dhabi . As for Canada, well that
would have to go on the back-burner and
what happens - happens.
Things happened very quick after this
and we decided that Barry would travel to
Abu Dhabi first and start his job and I
would tie up loose ends in the UK and
follow with the kids later.
When it came time for Barry to leave
it was very emotional. Although we are a
military family and used to goodbyes, by
now the kids were older and they really
got upset to see their dad leave. it was so
emotional I couldn't imagine, our teenager
was in floods of tears and she wont cry in
front of anyone. She decided at that point
she didn't hate her dad after all and the
younger two could barely breathe for
sobbing. I hadn’t bargained on this part.
Even though I knew it was only going to
be a few short weeks I could barely see
for the tears myself. The drive home was
miserable. The funny thing was, the
children - bless them - acted like their
father had died, they ran home got all the
family photos out and took about twenty
each and posted them all over their
rooms and were totally distraught all day.
The flood damage was supposed to
have been repaired and sorted before
Barry left, but as is usual with insurance
companies this turned out not to be the
case. A week after he left we had to pack
up the house and move into temporary
accommodation whilst the work was
completed. The hotel we were put in was
really awful and all sorts of undesirable
things were going on. I complained and
we were moved to another location but
this was just as bad. We were then
moved a third time to yet another really
bad hotel and this time my parent stepped
in and allowed us to move in with them.
This was a huge relief after hotel hopping
on school days. We finally had peace and
quite and some sort of normality.
From this…..
The builders and insurers then got
into a dispute which ended up in our
furniture being sent back to the house
before the work was complete. Also
some of the stuff such as my daughters
DJ decks were damaged and the
insurers refused to give new for old, so
she was devastated.
Anyway, back to Barry in Abu Dhabi.
He finally landed at the airport at 2 am
and had to start work at 2 pm the same
day. Talk about hitting the ground
running! He was given his company car a
brand new Lexus and sent us pictures by
email. Unfortunately the Lexus was
mangled four days later as it stood in a
parking spot. Because he couldn’t use
the car he decided to get a cab to his
apartment. He phoned me to tell me what
had happened and said he was a bit lost
and would be home later and not to have
the kids waiting up too long. Ok I thought I
can finally use my Arabic, so I told him
what to say to someone and ask how do I
get to ......what’s the name of your
apartment? “I dunno” was the
response.......okay what road do you live
in?.…”erm I dunno” ...... well the area .....?
“I dunno I just got up and went to work
each day and drove home!” Well I said,
that’s why we teach a five year old their
address in case they get lost. All the
Arabic in the world isn't going to help you
here if you don’t even know where you
live, how can I help you? Two hours later
he managed to get back to the city centre!
What is it with men and directions?
He was then given a replacement
vehicle which was rear ended by a taxi
driver two weeks later. He had to go to the
police station and I couldn’t get hold of
him and was getting really worried. I had
heard horror stories of what can happen
to foreigners in police stations but it turns
out they were polite, courteous and
helpful.
So the first month for Barry was very
eventful, including getting the inevitable
tummy upset. It is very odd being here,
your life rolling on as normal and they are
going through all this stuff that you should
be sharing. The first two weeks were the
hardest and we spent all our time trying to
just push towards the goal of getting out
there asap, but we had to wait until Barry
got his residents visa to come through
then we would get automatic resident
status.
It has been equally difficult this end
with all the moving and upheaval it has
upset our daughter immensely. Her
aspergers means that she likes routine
and hates change. Unfortunately the last
few weeks have been anything but routine
which has affected her behaviour. I have
had to deal with this by myself which has
been hard, but the end is in sight and I
have so much to organize that somehow I
have coped. I never knew that in just
seven years we stored enough rubbish to
fill 10 land fill sites. I’m almost on first
name terms with they guy at the tip
(recycling centre).
We were going to fly out in early July,
but our daughter really doesn’t want to go
and hates me for ruining her life and
losing friends and boyfriends so it’s sad. I
feel bad for her as she has finally found
acceptance, so out of guilt I allowed her
to stay for her final birthday in England.
By the time you read this her party will be
over as it is planned for the 10
th
July. We
will also have landed in Abu Dhabi as we
have flights booked for 13
th
July.
It is really hard trying to fit people in
to say goodbye. I have also been
attending Arabic classes and have made
some good friends there, so this is
another wrench. Everything seems to be
Moving to Canada 37
to this…..
and this…..
38 Moving to Canada
conspiring against us. My mother has
been taken ill and requires major surgery
and my sister in law is due to give birth to
her second baby shortly after we leave.
So I feel very guilty that i won’t be around
for these significant events.
The funny thing is it’s finally hit me
that we are not going to Canada and I find
it quite distressing, though the odds were
stacked against us from the very start, so
we jumped at this chance. However, I feel
like I had mentally moved to Canada and
being able to live and breathe it here
reading muchmor it really now feels like
the end of an era......however new
beginnings are abound. Barry is currently
in a beautiful apartment and we have
reserved our four-bed villa with a pool. We
have just got the kids in a great
international school with entry tests
pending, but I can’t see a major problem
there (famous last words but you never
know).
I still have so many loose ends to tie
up, it feels like I will never pull it off but in
the end it has to happen. There always
comes a point when you say okay enough
- the flights in 12 hours what’s not done
isn’t getting done, so literally every minute
is spent preparing. I have turned into a
shape shifter, spend hours simply moving
stuff from one place to another in order
just to get things done. Can’t fill one box
without empty the contents of another
cupboard, so on and so-forth.
I’m exhausted and very irritable with
all and sundry. I wont believe this is real
until I clear customs in Abu Dhabi and get
in my husbands car and head home. I
have mentally moved out of this address
and cannot wait to leave - I just want our
family to be together again. It’s taking its
toll on everyone concerned.
We haven’t sold our UK house yet.
We were going to rent it out but we really
cannot be bothered with the hassle, so
have decided to sell and have left it in the
hands of our solicitor and estate agent.
Hopefully we will find a buyer soon.
We have certainly come a long way
since we first had dreams of moving to
Canada a few years ago. Unfortunately
for now at least Canada is not to be, but
you never know what will happen in the
future. After all, if you had told me six
months ago that we would all be living in
the United Arab Emirates I would have
laughed, so you never know what lies
around the corner - you just have to hope
it is something good!
So, by the time you all read this we
will (hopefully) be residents of Abu Dhabi
and the family will once again be reunited.
I will catch up with you all once we are
settled to tell you about our new life there.
34 Money
Fluctuating exchange rates could put
your dream property out of reach
To minimise the risk of paying more when
moving or buying abroad, call us now and
speak to one of our expert advisers or visit
www.hifx.co.uk
0845 370 5133
(all calls charged at standard local rates)
Location,
location,
location.
Morgan House Madeira Walk Windsor Berkshire SL4 1EP Morgan House Madeira Walk Windsor Berkshire SL4 1EP
Currency Specialists
Line of credit or
loan?
When you decide you need a little
extra cash, and who doesn’t, the first
place you will probably go is your financial
institution for a loan. But is a loan the right
thing to ask for? If you are a home owner,
you will be borrowing against the equity in
your home, essentially a second
mortgage. You should discuss with your
financial advisor the differences between
loans and lines of credit. Depending on
what you need the money for will
determine which options will be best for
you.
Loans
With a loan you agree to borrow a set
amount of money which you repay by
fixed installments over a fixed period of
time. For homeowners this is referred to
as a Home Equity Loan (HEL). This is
great as it means you get the whole
amount up-front to do with as you please,
but you are making payments on the
whole amount, even if you don’t use it all
at once. By this we mean that if for
example you borrow $20,000 but only use
$10,000 initially and keep the rest in the
bank for a rainy day, you are still paying
interest and repayments on the whole
$20,000.
Generally a HEL is more suitable for
these one-off payments such as a car
purchase or major home renovation.
Line of Credit
A Home Equity Line of Credit
(HELOC) works in a different way and is
much more flexible. You still have to agree
to an amount you can borrow and the time
period it is available, but you will only pay
interest on the amount you borrow. This is
especially useful for someone who wants
the security of knowing the money is
available but wants to be able to use it as
and when they need it.
If you agreed to a line of credit of
$20,000 for a ten year period, you can dip
into that money as and when you need it
and only pay interest on the amount used.
Use $10,000 and pay interest on $10,000.
If you pay back the $10,000 then you have
the $20,000 still available to you. This is
basically a revolving credit similar to a
credit card.
This type of credit is useful for
ongoing needs such as tuition payments,
ongoing renovations,or perhaps a holiday
each year.
With either of these options you home
is at risk if you default on the payments.
Both can be set as fixed rate or flexible
rates of interest and interest on both types
of loan are usually tax deductible.
Always consult with an advisor before
taking on either type of loan to be sure
you are opting for the one which suits your
circumstances.
Moving to Canada 39
Sold on Donna!
Congratulations , you’ve got your visa
and have arrived in Canada!
Hi , my name is Donna McNeil. My
partner, Mark Spindloe and I are
Realtors® here in Halifax Nova Scotia.
As you begin
the search for
your new
home you will
notice some
differences in
purchasing a
home here in
Nova Scotia
as compared
to the UK. We
would like to
take a few
minutes to explain these differences to
make your house hunting experience as
stress free as possible. After all this
should be an exciting time!
As a typical Nova Scotian
(Bluenoser) I am still surprised that many
of our UK buyers comment on how
business dealings here are much more
congenial and personable than they are
used to in England.
To begin with we will have built up a
good rapport through meetings during
your fact finding trips, SKYPE
conversations and E-Mails and at this
point I’m quite familiar with your ‘wish list’ ,
so once you have arrived, had a chance
to rest and settle in, Mark and I
will have found some homes for
you to see.
As a Realtor® I have access
to every listing on MLS® (Multiple
Listing Service) and can show you
any of them. This means that you
will be working with only one
Realtor®, which is quite different
from the UK. I will make
arrangements to visit houses you
wish to see and will escort you on
a tour of the property as the
owners are not present while
there is a ‘viewing’ going on.
Although Realtors® are
associated with a Brokerage, in
our case Exit Reality Metro, we
are self employed. Our
commission is paid by the vendor
with half going to the Listing Agent and
half to the Buying Agent. The associated
Brokerages then take a percentage.
Commissions are paid at the closing of
the transaction. This is why there is no
charge for our services to you as the
Buyer.
When working with you, we are
dedicated to protecting your interests and
are often amazed at how many Buyers
are not aware of the booklet “Working
With a Realtor®.” It is prepared by The
Nova Scotia Association of
Realtors®(NSAR) and contains very
useful
information
on buying
Real Estate in
Nova Scotia.
Before we
begin our
home search
we will have
you read and
understand
the booklet
and clarify
any points
you may not
understand.
Unless you
are buying your home outright you will
need to have preapproval for a mortgage
from a bank or mortgage broker. This will
give you an idea of what you can afford
and gives us a better idea of options
available to you. Preapproval will also
guarantee you a mortgage rate for 90
days.
There will always be compromises
when it comes to choosing the right house
for you and your family but rest assured
that we are often working on your behalf
well into the evening and also on
weekends to get an offer on the table or to
take you to viewings, as we have heard,
another difference between Real Estate
Agents here and Britain!
It is my and Marks goal to make each
and every one of our clients happy and
contented in their new Nova Scotia home.
Here’s what Anthony Kalwaski and Jon
Twinley had to say on the completion of
their new home adventure…
“Having recently climbed the rapid
learning curve of the house buying
process in Nova Scotia, I have fallen to
earth with a gentle bump.The soft landing
is into the house of my lifelong dream. All
thanks to Donna and her eloquent Nova
Scotian approach to realting.”
Visit Donna’s website at
www.donnamcneilatexit.ca
Anthony Kawalski and Jon Twinley receive the keys
to their new home in Selma NS from Mark Spindloe.
Jeff and Angie Phillips receiving the
keys to their new home in Bedford,
NS from Donna McNeil
So, you want to be a Realtor eh?
40 Working Life
The Canadian Real Estate
Association (CREA) currently has
in excess of 94,000 brokers,
agents and salespeople working
in the real estate industry
throughout Canada. So, it is
obviously a popular career for
many people - but is it the career
for you?
Everyone working as a Realtor®
must meet the provincial licensing
requirements. Although the majority of
people start their real estate career as a
sales person employed by a brokerage,
some start as office assistants, rental
agents or in mortgage departments of real
estate companies.
The process of becoming a sales
person involves both experience and
education, so you must be prepared to
study, sit exams and learn from more
experienced colleagues.
As a sales person you will normally
be classed as self employed, so will be
responsible for keeping records of your
income and outgoings for tax purposes.
Most newly appointed sales people are
required to work in association with an
established broker for a number of years
before being able to become a broker
themselves - if that is what they eventually
want to do.
So what does it take to
become a sales person?
In order to be successful there are
certain personal skills which you will need
such as a basic understanding of math as
well as a good understanding of the
English or French language depending
upon where you plan to work. A basic
understanding of computers is also
required.
You need to be organized and have
self-discipline as well as be self-
motivated. You will require good
negotiating skills and have good people
skills. You will also need good problem
solving skills as well as be prepared to do
lots of research. You will need to be a
good communicator and a good listener
and also be able to handle rejection.
You must be prepared to work long
and odd hours. When people are buying
or selling property they will have little
consideration of your personal time. If
they require a viewing in the late evening,
you will be expected to drop everything to
facilitate this. Likewise many people
search for property at the weekends
which means that you are working.
The first few years are the hardest as
you set up your real estate business. Be
prepared to work hard for little initial
reward. You should have sufficient capital
behind you to keep you afloat for at least
six months, preferably longer. Industry
studies show that 10% of newly qualified
sales people leave the industry within the
first year.
Fees
In order to become a sales person
you will need to be licensed. This involves
attending courses and sitting exams. The
courses and costs vary by province but
you should allow on average $1,500 to
complete the course and sit exams and
allow anything from six to eighteen
months to complete them.
Once licensed you are required to
work for a broker for a number of years in
order to build up your experience. You will
then have the option to become a broker
yourself and set up on your own.
Whilst working for a brokerage you
will have to pay brokerage fees. Again
these can vary greatly between
companies and some will have several
options available to you. The fee will
enable you to use the company name and
office facilities. An example of a typical
brokerage fee would be:
Franchise fee: $120.00 per month
Commission 50/50 split
This would mean you have to pay a
fee of $120 per month regardless of how
much you earn. For this you would
typically get office space, admin facilities,
use of photocopier, fax, long distance
calls, advertising opportunities, for sale
boards etc.
If you list or sell a property the
commission will be paid to the brokerage
and the commission split 50/50 between
yourself and the brokerage.
There are many variants of this
package and you should look at several
local brokerages in your area to see which
Working Life 41
offers you the best package for your
needs. Remember you will have to pay
the brokerage fee regardless of whether
you are earning money or not.
Once licensed you will need to
become a member of several real estate
associations: It is a mandatory
requirement to become a member of the
Canadian Real Estate Association
(CREA). You will also need to become a
member of your provincial association i.e.
the Ontario Real Estate Association as
well as your local board i.e. The Toronto
Real Estate Board. You will also be
required to have insurance. All these
memberships cost money and usually
incur a one-off membership fee followed
by an annual fee. You can expect to pay
more for memberships of large
metropolitan areas such as Halifax,
Toronto and Vancouver. The first year will
include both the membership and annual
fees.
So, in the first year you will have to
pay for all courses, exams, association
membership fees, insurance and
brokerage fees. Depending on where you
are working and the type of brokerage
agreement you have, you can expect to
pay out around $5,000 in fees in the first
year. Remember also you may incur other
expenses such as purchase of a
computer, stationary, work clothes etc.
This is before you start to earn anything.
You will also be required to sit
refresher courses and exams throughout
your real estate career which will incur
additional fees.
So what can I earn?
There are no guarantees when it
comes to earnings. Some sales people
can earn hundreds of thousands of
dollars, but the majority do not. Many
factors can influence your income such as
local market conditions, commission
structure, types of property sold and your
own personal input.
Typically the sale of a house earns a
commission of around 5%. This
commission is initially split between the
listing and selling agent. This means that
the agent who lists the property will
receive 2.5% of the sale value and the
agent who introduces the buyer will
receive the remaining 2.5%.
If you have a brokerage
package you will then have
to split this again. An
example would be a
property sells for $195,000
and results in an available
5% commission of $9,750.
This is split 50/50 between
you and the listing agent
giving you $4,875. This
amount is then split with
your brokerage according to
your contractual
arrangement but can
typically be 50/50. So you
will walk away from the sale
with $2,437.50.
If you both list the
property and introduce the
buyers you will keep the
whole 5% commission
which would then be subject
to your brokerage split.
Here is a quote from the
Nova Scotia Association of Realtors®.
“You want to earn $90,000 in gross
commission income this year. If the
average commission earned per real
estate transaction is $3,000, you need to
be involved in 30 transactions (listings or
sales). Industry statistics indicate that it
takes approximately five leads to secure
one listing or sale, and 50 sales-related or
prospecting activities to secure one lead.
This means it takes approximately 250
activities to secure one listing or sale.
Therefore, securing 30 listings or sales
will require 7,500 activities over the
course of the year or about 145 specific
sales and marketing activities each week.”
Who can become a real
estate agent?
Although requirements for the real
estate industry differ across the country
generally you need to be at least 18 years
of age, be a Canadian Citizen or
Permanent Resident. You will have to
have a good record of financial
responsibility and a good reputation. The
associations will check your criminal and
financial records.
Check the Real Estate Associations
listed here for full career details.
Careers 33
CareerBuilder® is one of
Canada’s top job sites
allowing you to get the best
and most up-to-date
employment information
available.
Sign up completely free to
receive job
recommendations or add
your resume to allow
employers to search for
you.
Subscribe to Muchmor Magazine and
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Duties of this fast-growing profession
include writing and editing text, creating
graphics, converting photos and drawings
into digital images, designing page layouts
and developing presentations.
Data Entry Clerk
Like administrative assistants, job
prospects should be best for those with
expertise in computer software
applications. By typing text, entering data
into a computer, and performing other
clerical duties, these workers ensure
companies keep up with information and
technology.
Insurance Underwriter
Insurance underwriters serve as the
main link between the insurance carrier
and the insurance agent. Underwriters
analyze insurance applications, calculate
the risk of loss from policyholders, decide
whether to issue the policy and establish
appropriate premium rates.
Market Research Analyst
Market research analysts, whose job
numbers are expected to grow 20 percent
by 2016, gather data on competitors and
analyze prices, sales, and methods of
marketing and distribution. They often
design surveys, compile and evaluate the
data and make recommendations to their
client or employer based upon their
findings.
Paralegal
While lawyers assume ultimate
responsibility for legal work, they delegate
much of their work to paralegals.
Paralegals not only assist in preparation
for closings, hearings, trials, and corporate
meetings, they also perform a number of
other vital functions including draft
contracts, mortgages, separation
agreements, trust instruments and may
assist in preparing tax returns and
planning estates. With employers reducing
costs by replacing duties once tended to
by lawyers with paralegals, growth of this
profession is expected.
If you want to make the case to a
potential employer or your boss to let you
work from home, keep a few things in
mind. If possible, provide concrete
examples of how this arrangement was
successful in the past or how it will
succeed. Suggest that you ease into it --
spending a few days to a few weeks in the
office at the outset, meeting people and
getting to know procedures. Then, during
the first three to six months on the new
job, make frequent visits.
Kate Lorenz is the article and advice
editor for CareerBuilder.ca. She
researches and writes about job search
strategy, career management, hiring
trends and workplace issues.
For details of real estate
careers please visit the
following website:
Canadian Real Estate Association
Nova Scotia Association of Realtors
British Columbia Real Estate
Association
Ontario Real Estate Association
Manitoba Real Estate Association
Alberta Real Estate Association
New Brunswick Real Estate
Association
Prince Edward Island Real Estate
Association
Association of Saskatchewan
Realtors®
Quebec Real Estate Association
Newfoundland and Labrador
Association of Realtors®
42 Working Life
Women in business –
different from men?
By Lia Bandola
As a founder
of a women’s
networking
organization I
get asked this
question all
the time:
“Why start a
group just for
women?”
Well, the
answer is simple – women do business
differently than men. They operate their
businesses differently, they buy differently
and they want support in a different way.
And of course they network differently.
Many studies have shown that
women are all about relationships and
emotions.
They do things based on how they
feel about it and what their “gut” reaction
is for the most part. Even if they are not
fully conscious of this, that’s what they are
doing.
Recent statistics have shown that
women comprise over 86% of the buying
power. Even if they are not doing the
purchasing directly, they often influence
purchases by men. When women
purchase anything, product or service,
they need to feel trust and confidence in
the person selling and in the product or
service itself.
Even though women typically have
gotten a bad rap for being impulse
buyers, most women will not buy
something if they don’t feel they’re getting
the best price and quality. And they need
to know it will continue to deliver what
they want from it, whether it’s continued
health or that the item “will keep on tickin,
despite taking a lickin”!
Of course men want the very same
things, however, they make their buying
choices in a different way. They typically
are more factually inspired and are
interested more in research and statistics.
Men more typically make decisions using
logic, while women tend to make those
decisions from an emotional place.
So back to the question of why
women would want to have their own
networking group, well for us at POWE,
it’s all about building relationships.
Everything we do is to facilitate starting
the process from the minute you walk
through the door where we have you
choose a random spot to sit so you’re
“forced” to meet new people. We then
have two targeted networking exercises
where again you meet and start to know
people at each table. You could make 18
new contacts that have just gotten to
know you a little better and vice-a-versa!
And that’s just the networking exercises.
There are several other opportunities to
make one-on-one contact with other
attendees and rather than just collecting
business cards, you have actually gotten
to know many people and they have
gotten to know you.
Remember, for women doing
business it’s all about trust and this is the
number one benefit from the way we
network, especially at a POWE meeting.
When you know and trust someone
you’re much
more likely to
buy from them
or use their
service. It’s a
non-
competitive
environment,
which is
also very
attractive to
women. We truly want everyone else to
succeed as well as us and it is our belief
that everyone has something unique and
wonderful to offer. It’s all about who you
connect with and how you present what
you have to offer. There are many
opportunities to “show your stuff” through
speaking, vendor tables, door prize
donations and so much more.
Through the relationships our
members form in our organization, many
have formed very effective alliances to
present their businesses. Even when
businesses may be very similar, women
will very creatively come up with ways
they can work together to ensure success
for everyone involved.
We encourage our members to go to
our directory first whenever they need
anything and to send everyone they know
to our directory. In effect we have a huge
sales force working for you in our
members because it’s not just about who
you meet at our meetings, it’s about their
entire circle of influence which for most
people is in the hundreds.
Which brings me to yet another
reason women do business differently.
Working Life 43
It’s about the “connection” they feel,
whether buying or selling. And yes, we’re
all selling something, even if it’s services
or ourselves as a service provider. When
we feel a positive connection, it deepens
our sense of trust and therefore we’re
more likely to make the sale or buy or
send others we know to buy from others.
Yes, women do business differently
than men and neither way is right or
wrong – just different. Recognizing that
fact is half the battle and takes us all a
long way to getting everything we all
want. Go out and find what you want and
what works for you and celebrate our
differences!
POWE mixes pleasure with
charity work
During June, several members of
various POWE chapters took part in a
number of fund raising initiatives.
In Durham a team of cyclists got
together to take part in the Heart and
Stroke Big Bike Ride. Between them they
managed to raise $2,121. This made
POWE the second highest fund raisers
for the day with over $900 donated online
alone.
The Relay for Life was also well
represented by POWE members. There
were two teams taking part, one in
Durham and one in the Bay of Quinte.
The Durham team consisted of the
following members: Kristy Gorny –
Captain, Emilia Gorny and friend, Tina
Dezsi, Lia Bandola, Terri Bicknell-Potts,
Cheryl Bronson, Yvette Maxwell, Joanne
Gawlik, Melanie Warren-Smith and Carol
Drew.
This team raised a total of
$1,391.14.
The Bay of Quinte team consisted
of: Vann Gouweleeuw - Captain, Brenda
Bryson, Bernice Bound, Ginette Dehne
Denise Franklin, Sandy Grenning,
Kristiana Kumpunen, Rose-Anne
Kumpunen, Heather Lang, Darcelle
Runiciman and Sherry Turner.
This team raised $3,948.00.
In total POWE raised $7,460.14 for
charity just in June. Congratulations to all
who took part and all who sponsored.
Another round of applause should
go to POWE member Dee Miller who is
Executive Director and founder of
Renewed Strength. She set off on a 100
day bike ride through Ontario raising
funds for Renewed Strength Inc who
provide strength and mobility training to
men and women recovering from
chemotherapy, radiation therapy and/or
cancer surgery. Dee set off on her ride
on June 10
th
and will have visited around
80 towns and cities by the time she
completes her journey on September
17
th
.
In August POWE will be holding
their second Annual Golf Tournament in
Ajax. The event will take place at Spring
Creek Golf Course on August 15
th

between 8 am and 2 pm.
The event is open to non-POWE
members and men as well as the
members themselves and all proceeds
will go towards the POWE Empowerment
Fund which helps women in business to
grow or expand their businesses or just
get that little extra money they need to get
over a hurdle.
For further details go to this
link:http://www.powe.ca/index.php?
id=0000008622
POWE Chapters
Bay of Quinte
Meets at the Holiday Inn, Trenton
on the 4
th
Tuesday of each month
Registration from 11:00 am.
Clarington
Meets at Bobby C’s Dockside in
Bowmanville on the 4
th
Tuesday
of each month. Registration from
6:30 pm.
Durham East
Get together at the Harmony
Creek Golf Centre in Oshawa on
the 1
st
Tuesday of each month.
Registration from 11:00 am.
Durham West
The Forest Brook Community
Church in Ajax is the location of
this meeting with registration
from 11:00 am.
Kingston
Meet at Zorba’s Banquet Facility
in Kingston on the 2
nd
Tuesday of
the month. Registration starts at
11:00 am.
Markham
This chapter meets at La Rosa
Banquet Hall in Markham on the
2
nd
Tuesday of the month with
registration at 11:00 am.
Ottawa West
Meet at City View United Church,
Ottawa on the 1
st
Tuesday of
each month. Registration starts at
11:00 am.
Dee Miller of Renewed Strength
44 Motoring
Buying a car in Nova Scotia –
the route to freedom?
By Jeff and Ange Phillips
OK, so you don’t want to rely on the
limited public transport in Nova Scotia
(that’s if you’re living outside Halifax
Regional Municipality) and want to buy a
car!
If you’re anything like us, you will
have researched several dealership
websites prior to leaving the UK, marveled
at the prices (£ vs $) and possibly settled
on a choice. Reality check number one,
what we were not aware of was that the
dreaded HST (similar to VAT and charged
at 13%) also applies to used as well as
new vehicles – be aware!
As for the vehicle search and seeking
suitable recommendations, we used the
services of Relocation Nova Scotia (June
& Mark Spindloe), who suggested we try
Kelly Bryden of Bryden Auto Services
(www.brydenauto.ca). Kelly has an
arrangement with Relocation Nova Scotia
whereby you select the vehicle of choice,
place a deposit and Kelly will agree to you
taking the vehicle to an independent
garage for a presale check. For any new
resident, this gives you peace of mind in
that the vehicle is checked to your
satisfaction prior to purchase. In addition,
if you can’t find the vehicle of your choice,
Kelly will do her best to find one for you at
the price and specification you provide!
Reality check number two! Be aware
that the motor vehicle permit (or road tax)
that you will be charged for the car of your
choice is based upon vehicle weight, the
larger/heavier the car, the more you pay
(see http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/rmv/
registration/register.asp#Passenger)!
So, you’ve selected the car, now you
need insurance before you drive away.
Our choice for this was Rob Peters at
Eisenhauer Insurance
(robpeters@eisenhauerinsurance.com)
who provided us with a very good deal
and a superb personable service. Reality
check number three! Before leaving the
UK, make sure you obtain all your
previous year’s No Claim Discount/Bonus
information from your vehicle insurers, as
these can be used to assist your first
insurance quote.
Initially, as the vehicle is not licensed
(no number plate or motor vehicle permit)
Kelly will place a temporary 30 day permit
on the vehicle, which allows you to drive
within the Province until you are able to
purchase the relevant permit.
To licence the vehicle, you will need
to visit your local Access Nova Scotia
office http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/
contact/locations.asp who, amongst other
government services, arrange for the
licensing of all vehicles and also conduct
the vehicle road and theory test for your
driving license, but more of that later! For
your vehicle licence, you will need to
produce:

your vehicle insurance

transfer of title or Form 8E (this is
arranged by the dealership, similar to a
vehicle transfer V5 in the UK. However,
be patient as this may take some time
to arrange)

NB If the vehicle you’ve purchased has
previously been registered outside
Nova Scotia, the dealership will have to
provide Access Nova Scotia with a
“paper trail” identifying the vehicles
previous history. The dealership should
be aware of this, but there’s no harm in
asking!

Plus, you will need to provide
identification selected from the following
link http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/rmv/
other/id_req.asp
Once all this has been done, the
documentation accepted, and been
relieved of your payment by debit/credit
card/cheque, you will be provided with:

a Certificate of Registration (which
needs to be kept securely and safely, as
this is your proof of ownership)
Jeff with his car in Nova Scotia
Motoring 45

a bright and shiny new vehicle
licence plate, which needs to be
affixed to the rear of your vehicle
(try Wal Mart or Canadian Tire for
the fixing screws!)

a sticker with a month, two years in
the future, signifying that you have
paid for two years road tax, which
needs to be affixed in the
appropriate place on the licence
plate
TIP – Whilst applying for your
motor vehicle permit, it would be a
good idea to also apply for your Nova
Scotia Identification Card, which
provides you with a more readily
acceptable method of identification
within the province rather than
carrying around your passport (it’s
only $15.20!) Be aware that you’ll also
have your photo taken for this!
So, there you go, vehicle purchasing,
insuring and licensing in a no nonsense
manner. Welcome to freedom! Reality
check number four! And now the bad
news, you have 90 days from the time of
arrival, until your UK driving license
privileges expire and you’ll be placed on
the Graduated Learner Scheme, which is
similar to being a learner driver again in
the UK!

Applying for your first Nova
Scotia driving license
The first major difference, as if you
hadn’t already noticed, would be that you
drive on the right in Nova Scotia and the
speed limits are lower and frequently
change as you move around. Whilst the
signage is somewhat similar, there are
subtle changes and rules (e.g. you can
turn right on a red stop light, provided you
come to a complete stop and make sure
it’s safe to proceed).
My suggestion would be to obtain the
Nova Scotia Driving Handbook http://
www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/rmv/handbook/DH-
Chapter1.pdf or http://www.gov.ns.ca/
snsmr/rmv/safe/handbook.asp before you
arrive, which at least prepares you for the
rules of the road and your test.
Applying for the test couldn’t be
easier. When you feel you’re ready, visit
your local Access Nova Scotia office (or
go on line) who will conduct a vision test,
followed by a knowledge test (road signs
and driving theory). You will need to
achieve a pass mark of 80% (16 correct
answers from 20 questions for both parts)
and a sample test can be tried using the
link at: http://www.yd.com/test.aspx?
path=stream539
Once you’ve passed these elements
and paid for your road test, you will be
given a road test receipt and identifier
number, which you will use to phone the
call centre and arrange your road test. Be
aware that during the school holiday
periods, test centres (normally located at
the Access Nova Scotia sites) will start
experiencing heavy bookings, so check
out other centres availability using their on
line help at http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/
contact/service_locations.asp?
service=Driver_Exams .
And so, to the actual road test! I took
my test at the Dartmouth centre, as they
offered the least amount of waiting time
(one week) at the time of booking the test
through the call centre. Upon arrival, I
would recommend reversing into the
allocated parking space for road test
appointments, which then makes it easier
to start your test! At the Access Nova
Scotia reception desk, you hand in your
road test receipt and UK driving licence
and wait for your appointed driving
examiner. Firstly, you’re asked to
demonstrate operation of the lights,
indicators etc, followed by a
demonstration of hand signals (check out
http://www.gov.ns.ca/snsmr/rmv/
handbook/DH-Chapter1.pdf ). The
examiner then sets out what instructions
he will ask you to follow and you start the
test.
For those of you who remember your
UK driving test, this is nothing compared
to that experience and the examiners here
are really friendly, approachable and
relaxed. My test comprised of a number of
left turns, four and three way stops,
parking on a hill (incline really!) and
negotiating a construction site on a set of
traffic lights (not something I would expect
everyone to face)! Upon returning to the
test site, I was asked to reverse into the
designated parking bay. Despite all my
early worries, the test (all 20 minutes from
demonstrating lights to parking) was a
remarkably relaxing experience and, as
long as you remember basic road craft
and speed limits, it should cause no
difficulties to an experienced driver.
The examiner advises you that you
have passed, issues you with a pass
certificate, suggests improvements (if any)
and you then follow him inside. Here, you
have more money taken off you, your UK
licence returned, a photo and signature
obtained and your new and shiny Class 5
Nova Scotia driving licence (renewable
after five years. No! You don’t have to
retake the test) is issued.
Welcome to Nova Scotia, the road’s
all yours......
Jeff once again with his car
Kidzone 46
Plan a back yard treasure hunt
A fun way to spend a summer day with friends, neighborhood kids or cousins, is to set up
and conduct a treasure hunt.
By Elece Hollis, Suite 101
What fun to go on a treasure hunt!
Pretend you are looking for a lost pirate
treasure chest. This hunt will keep you on
a busy adventure for a whole summer
day. It is great fun for a birthday party or
any kids’ get-together.
Treasure hunt materials

If you live where you are allowed to dig
holes—a couple of shovels hand
shovels or gardener’s shovels will
work.

Plastic containers with lids to hide
treats in and clues in.

Candy or gum for treats. Bubble gum
or chocolate coins in foil are especially
fun.

Small toys, comic books, balloons, or
any small goodies.

Paper and pencils for clues.

A compass

Four or more kids.
Team Up
If you have enough people divide
into teams. Each team should choose a
leader who can read and be fair. You can
do this hunt with only two or three kids if
you try. But it is even more fun with more
kids.
Hide the treasure
The first team should fill the treasure
box and bury it or hide it above ground
out of sight. Mark the spot with stones or
some natural item that will not draw
suspicion. Each team should have a
different treasure and not let the other
team members see it or know what is in
it.
Write and hide the clues
Next, write the clues on slips of
paper. Also, write them on a separate
sheet for the treasure hiding team in case
of a mix-up. The first clue should be held
by the team leader.
Clue #1 should tell treasure hunters
how to find clue #2. Clue #2 will tell how
to find clue #3. Clue #3 tells where to find
clue #4 and so on until the last clue tells
how to find the treasure itself. It is easier
to start with the treasure and write the
clues backwards so that that they lead to
the treasure. Clues can be riddles or
simple directions. Remember to make
them hard enough—deciphering them is
a large part of the fun.
Use landmarks for clues, such as the
front door, the mailbox or a large tree, the
swing set, the sandbox, the back gate,
the east pole that holds up the
clothesline, etc. Then add number of
steps to north, south, east, or west.
Remember that is fun to dig up the
treasure, but the clues need not be buried
—just well hidden. They can be hidden in
small plastic containers, sandwich bags,
envelopes, or even plastic Easter egg
shells.
Hide the clues in the right spots and
check your list to see that they are in the
right order.
The hunt
The leader of the first team should
present clue#1 to the leader of the
second team. Their leader should read
the clue out loud and then when the
group has a guess at the location, yell
“Go!”
Say the first clue says something like
this. “Start at the mailbox facing west.
Cross the porch and go to the backyard.
Look for the bush with red flowers. Look
under the bucket on the north side of the
bush for clue #2.”
The treasure hunters will all run
around back and to the red bush and
behind it they will find a bucket with an
envelope marked Clue #2.
The leader reads Clue#2 and it says
where to look for Clue #3. These all lead
to the treasure which has to be dug up
and shared. After a rest the group can
hide the second treasure and team one
begin looking for that treasure. Both
treasures should be shared among both
teams to make the treasure more fun for
all.
Kidzone 47
Bestselling books
1. Twilight, Stephanie Mayer
2. New Moon, Stephanie Mayer
3. Eclipse Special Edition, Stephanie
Mayer
4. Love You Forever, Munsch &
McGraw
5. Gallop, Rufus Butler Seder
6. Eclipse, Stephanie Mayer
7. The Battle of the Labyrinth, Rick
Riordan
8. Oh, The Places You’ll Go, Dr
Seuss
9. Goodnight Moon, Brown Clement
Hurd
10. Scaredy Squirrel, Melanie Watt
Top kids stuff….
Family DVD rental
1. Step Up 2 The Streets (PG)
2. Drillbit Taylor (PG)
3. Penelope (G)
4. College Road Trip (G)
5. The Spiderwick Chronicles (PG)
6. Bratz Interactive: Lil' Bratz Party
Time (G)
7. Batman: Gotham Knight (PG)
8. Superhero Movie (14A)
9. National Treasure: Book of Secrets
(PG)
10. Fool’s Gold (PG)
Bestselling family video games
X-Box 360
Battlefield: Bad Company (T)
Guitar Hero: Aerosmith (T)
Grid (E)
PS3
Battlefield: Bad Company (T)
Sid Meier’s Civilization Revolution (E10)
Beijing 2008 (E)
Wii
Super Smash Bros. Brawl (T)
Lego Indiana Jones: The Original
Adventures (E10)
Wall-E (E)
Top family movies in theaters
1. Batman: The Dark Knight (14A)
2. Mama Mia (PG)
3. Journey to the Center of the Earth
(PG)
4. Hancock (PG)
5. Wall-E (G)
6. Hellboy II: The Golden Army (14A)
7. Space Chimps (G)
8. Get Smart (PG)
9. Kung Fu Panda (PG)
10. Kit Kittredge: An American Girl (G)
48 Kidzone
Activities for the summer
Make a bird feeder
Why use a boring store bought bird
feeder when you can make your own fun
version for free? All you need is a used
milk carton, some scissors, non-toxic
paint, glue, dowel and popsicle sticks.
You may need an adult to help with this
project.
First wash out the carton and dry
then cut out two holes on each side of the
box about half way up. Paint your carton
with non-toxic paint. Lay the popsicle
sticks across the top to form a roof. Next
insert a dowel below the side holes on
which the birds can perch.
Now all you need to do is fill the
bottom of the feeder with seed and hang
from a branch. Watch the birds come to
try out their new feeder.
Seashell Critters
If you a visiting the beach this
summer then why not collect the sea
shell you find to make you own fun
critters. All you need are some shell of
different shapes and sizes, glue and
some wiggle eyes.
Arrange the shell into animal shapes,
glue together and add some fun wiggle
eyes. You can make them into absolutely
any shape you like. Get an adult to help
with the glue if you are unsure.
Stone Pets
If you cannot get your hands on sea
shells, we bet you can find some small
rocks and stones. All you have to do is
paint them with acrylic paints, add faces
by using paint or adding wiggle eyes,
beads, glitter or any fun item. Make sure
you wash and dry the stones before you
start to paint.
Bug Safari
This is an activity that you can do in
your own back garden or at the local
park. Get your parents involved too, we
know mum will love seeking our
caterpillars and snails! All you need is a
magnifying glass, insect net, transparent
plastic container and your imagination.
You might also want to have a bug
identification book available so you know
which bugs you find.
Look under rocks, on plants and
flowers, near water, under logs, in fact
anywhere in your garden or park.
Depending on the environment you can
expect to find beetles, crickets,
centipedes, spiders, ladybugs, snails,
caterpillars amongst others.
Remember not to touch the bug,
instead use the bug net to keep it in place
and put it in your container. You will then
be able to see the bug better and take a
photo if you want. Use your magnifying
glass to get a closer look. Once you have
see all you need of the bug set it free.
You may want adult supervision when
collecting your bugs.
Keep a list of the bugs you find and if
you don’t recognize them, look them up in
your bug book.
You can do this on your own or with
friends, but always make sure an adult is
around to supervise.
Decorated photo frame
Why not turn a boring plain photo
frame into something special but adding
your own touches?
All you need is a plain photo frame,
preferably with a wide border. You will
then need bits and pieces to decorate
with and this can be shells, flowers,
glitter, paint, string, in fact anything you
like.
Simply paint and glue your personal
items to the frame and you will end up
with a beautifully decorated frame. You
can make the frame fit the photo by
decorating beach photo frame with shells
or garden photo with dried flowers.
Summer Holiday
Word Search
How many times can you find the words
“summer” and “holiday” in this puzzle?
n h o l i d a y a z o s y w z h h t u x j g n
q m s q w r o u z s u m m e r h o s u e d q t
u m h h y p v y s k b f s x e v o l y b q l h
m x o c o j h o g u w y h u x u d l i o b e o
h n l u u l o o z z m u f o m z v d i d h p l
o l i d q s i c l y p m o c l m f r b d a s i
l m d g h u f d v i y j e a i i e h i l a y d
i h a v j m q g a e d m y r y t d r o r y y a
d a y b r m n e p y c a v d z z a a i o d k y
a i n r s e k r i a w d y s m s r i y f g j v
y i t u u r w n l h x s z p c x o d a h k m g
j i w o m x n w s t d u s b d h o l i d a y h
e u m s m s v h e u x m u l h s u m m e r v a
z r v u e u o l o k h m m d w b s u m m e r y
c m q m r m b h s l s e m h o l i d a y p m a
p w j m w m s o l h i r e n g i n m q o v y i
u t w e v e m l f f o d r s u m m e r u f w h
q i r r e r j i d h w l a n o w o s w n f q j
z q n o b a b d e m v u i y m x c k r t q f g
x t v a h n b a z g e i q d h o q t t o d z c
k z y p u h y y g k z x a k a s h s u m m e r
a z f e k s o t j l n f y r j y r f o n s w r
e s u m m e r l g c u o w l r i d l l a p o n
Kidzone 49
Summer holiday word search
50 Health and Wellness
©

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a

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Walk with a
goal: to stay
away from the
doctor’s office
Health and Wellness 51
By Emilia Klapp R.d. B.s.
It is free; you can do it at any
time and it doesn’t require being in
top shape. In addition, walking
improves high blood pressure,
tones the muscles, has many
cardiovascular benefits, and helps
you get rid of some calories. What
are you waiting for?
According to experts, walking at least
5 days a week is one of the best ways to
be in good shape. It is a healthy exercise
and it is easy to perform. It’s not
expensive –a pair of good tennis shoes
will do it- and it is free. If you don’t feel like
going to the gym, here is what you can do
to have great cardiovascular benefits.
Take it seriously
You need to be aware of the
importance of practicing some kind of
daily exercise and maintain your body
active. Cardiologists tell us that a 30-
minute walk every day substantially
reduces the number of heart attacks. So, it
is not just about losing weight or burning
calories; it is much more than that
because when you walk, all the muscles in
your legs and arms move, so you are
guarantee to be performing a complete
exercise.
According to the Institute of Medical
Investigations in Barcelona, if everybody
would walk regularly, heart attacks will be
reduced by 20%. This includes children,
teenagers, young adults, adults and
elderly.
Before going for a walk
Choose shoes that are comfortable
and that perspire. Remember that your
feet support your body weight so they
need a good allied. Use shoes with
flexible soles and make sure they are your
size.

Always use socks to avoid blisters.

Use loose-fitting clothes that allow you
to move comfortably and perspire.

It is recommended to do some
warming exercises before and after
your walking.

If you don’t feel like walking by
yourself, invite a friend or a neighbor
to go with you.

Mark yourself a route according to
your goals, taking into consideration
the length of the walk, the intensity,
and the difficulties of the ground.

Remember that as any exercise,
walking also has a technique and a
period of preparation.
Let’s go!

Your abdomen and back have to be
straight; this will guarantee you proper
breathing.

As you walk, look 2 or 3 yards in front
of you with your head and chin
straight.

Move your arms forward and
backwards with your elbows close to
your body.

You can alternate the pace of your
walking: you may walk fast during 10
minutes, slow down for other 10
minutes, and so forth.

Take your steps always in this order:
heel, sole, and toes. It will help you
adopt a natural posture.

Increase a little the distance you walk
every day. If you walk one or two miles
a day, increase it by 200 yards.

Keep yourself hydrated. Remember to
drink before you are thirsty.
Great benefits

Walking improves cardiovascular
capacity; therefore, it lowers the risk for
cardiovascular disease and heart
attacks.

It tones the muscles and stimulates
basal metabolism.

Walking 30 minutes burns about 150 to
300 calories.

It lowers LDL, the “bad” cholesterol and
increases HDL, the “good” one.

It lowers the risk of osteoporosis.

It strengthens the leg muscles.
People who exercise regularly and
have a good physical resistance enjoy
better health than those who rarely
practice any sport.
And keep in mind that low intensity
exercise, but constant, can have the same
results than the one done with higher
intensity.
Final thought
Walking is the best pill you can take.
Not only it improves and maintains health
but may prevent many chronic illnesses.
In addition, it has no side effects. So, what
are you waiting for to start your daily
walk?
Emilia Klapp has a degree in Nutrition
Science and is a Registered Dietitian.
With her new book, “Your Heart Needs the
Mediterranean Diet”, she has helped
many people just like you reduce the risk
of heart disease and lose weight at the
same time. For more information on the
book and to receive a free especial report
on the “Top 10 Mediterranean Curative
Ingredients” go to: http://
www.mediterraneanheart.com
52 Health and Wellness
A change in lifestyle is a good
remedy to stop snoring
By Dirk Blurd
Almost half of the population in North
America today snores now and then. And,
almost 80 percent of the couples living
together sleep in a separate room, all of
that because of the sleeping disorder
called snoring.
It is a fact, that snoring not only
endangers the relationship of most couple,
the sleeping disorder is also applicable to
all sorts of people that have it. The effect
of snoring to the social relationship of
those who have it is quite serious. A mere
snore has the possibility of developing into
sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleeping
disorder wherein the individual who have it
will stop breathing for about sixty long
seconds. That is the reason why snoring
must not be taken lightly, snoring is a life
threatening malady.
Also, recent studies and research
shows that snoring may also lead to
diabetes. The reason for that is because
snoring reduces the oxygen intake of the
body, as a result, the human body will then
produce more catecholamines to
compensate for that. And that may lead to
the one of the most prominent symptom of
diabetes, which is insulin resistance.
Most of us probably have asked
ourselves why people snore. Let is probe
further. When a person sleeps, the air
goes through its nose, throat and lastly the
lungs. Normally, this process is
unimpeded and somewhat noiseless.
However, the flow of the air passage will
eventually get disrupted. This is somewhat
natural mainly because of certain aspects,
such as clogged nose, or in some cases,
the bottom of the tongue is obstructs the
breathing.
The most common cause of snoring
is because the soft tissue in the throat or
the upper palate vibrates. And once the air
passage is obstructed as it goes through
to the lungs, the problem arises. Loud
snoring is basically the result of the
hindered air flow that goes through the
narrow tissue in the throat or upper palate.
But how do we lessen snoring, or
better yet, stop this sleeping disorder?
Truthfully, there is no specific general
solution for that predicament. On the other
hand, numerous solutions have been
made to assist individuals that are
suffering from this problem.
The most practical solution for that
problem is by changing into a healthy
lifestyle. Also, there are now numerous
medications – prescribed and herbal –
that not only help reduce snoring but also
may eliminate the disorder once and for
all. There are also some mouth and throat
exercises that broaden and tighten the
throat to reduce snoring.
There are some essential factors that
one must observe in order to have healthy
lifestyle, of which will eventually treat your
snoring problems.
It is important that you must observe
proper and healthy diet. Eat a wide variety
of foods and increase your fluid intake by
drinking lots of water. It is advisable that
you avoid foods that are rich in fats; it is
best that you minimize (or if possible stop)
your intake of foods that have high
contents of saturated fats, meat and foods
that contain high levels of sugar. Also,
minimize your egg, nut and bread intake
because these foods are rich in saturated
fat. Lean meat products, low fat or non fat
milks, egg whites, fruits and vegetables
are highly recommended. Avoiding foods
that contain caffeine is a good way to
relieve snoring.
Aside from proper diet, one must also
observe proper eating pattern. In order for
the body to properly digest the food that
you consume, you must chew the food
that you consume properly. It is possible
that the disorder will stop if the food that
you consumed are properly digested, that
is because sleeping with your stomach full
can most likely trigger snoring.
Also, regular exercise can help
prevent snoring. It is best that you start
your regular exercise by walking. Do it at
least every other day. And if possible, you
can also register in a local gym near you.
They mostly likely will have exercise
programs that will help you monitor your
progress. Recent studies show that
regular exercise can help prevent one
from snoring. Exercise helps remove the
excess fat of the body, of which, will clear
the air passageway and thereby stops one
from snoring.
It is highly recommended that
smoking and drinking alcohol must be
avoided. Smoking clogs the air
passageway up, thereby will make the
breathing difficult and will most likely
increase the chance of snoring. While
alcoholic drinks can loosen the muscles in
the throat, of which leads will intensify
snoring. Aside from that, there are other
health issues that smoking and drinking
bring about.
Sufficient amount of rest is also
essential in preventing the said disorder.
Those who have insufficient amount of
rest are more prone to this disorder,
especially those who have rigorous daily
activities. It is important that one must
have sufficient amount of sleep.
Sleeping is one of man’s basic needs,
that is why it is important that you must
find a way to stop or prevent snoring in
order for you to sleep properly. One sure
way is by start having a lifestyle that is
healthy.
Dirk Blurd is writer and owner of
www.problemsnoring.com . Find the highly
recommended and effective snoring
remedy from the many treatment
alternatives available from this site and
get the good night sleep you certainly
deserve.
Health and Wellness 53
Testicular cancer & the young
men and boys dying from
embarrassment
By Nick Maxwell
Every year,
thousands of
young men and
boys die of
cancers that
began in a
testicle and
spread to other
parts of the body
- as far away as
the lungs and the
brain.
But what is even
more shocking -
and especially
alarming for
mothers and
fathers of boys - is that the majority of
these die because they're just too
embarrassed to ask Mom or Dad, or even
their Doctor, when they find 'something
not right' in their testicles.... and they
leave it until it's just too late.
A big part of the problem, too, is that
in the case of Testicular Cancer, in almost
100% of diagnosed cases, removal
('orchiectomy') of the infected testicle is
required to stop the spread of the cancer,
assuming it hasn't already done so -
which is what happens when the cancer
goes undetected for an extended period
of time. And in the USA alone, during the
year 2007 an estimated 9,500 Men and
Boys lost a Testicle to TC (Testicular
Cancer) or some other ailment.
So even when a young man suspects
that he may have a testicular problem, the
subconscious fear of a) cancer and b) the
partial loss of his manhood are the
principal factors that contribute to putting
off that trip to the Doctor in the hope that
whatever's wrong 'down there' will heal up
by itself - 'it's just a muscle strain...'
The fact is that Testicular Cancer -
from here on in we'll just call it 'TC' - is far
more common than the general public
realises. TC is the biggest cancer killer of
boys and men from 14-34, and the figures
in most Western Countries are rising
rather than falling. What is tragic is that
while TC is a major cause of death in
young men and boys, it's also a cancer
with the highest probability of complete
cure - well over 90% - but only if it's
diagnosed early enough.
TC is pretty easy to spot too- but the
shocking truth is that the vast majority of
men and boys have no idea how to self-
check for signs of TC. Most guys know
more about their car, their motorcycle or
their computer than they know about their
testicles - two neglected orbs that should
give the owner more pleasure (and more
performance!) than their car, their
motorcycle or their computer.
But boys will be boys,whatever their
age - and when they have a favourite car,
for example, they jump right in and drive
it. Only when something goes wrong do
they stop and look at the Owner's Manual.
The exact same logic applies to the male
body - only when something goes wrong,
will a man look for information; but in the
case of the testicles, there's never been
an 'Owner's Manual'... until now, in the
form of the new Testicular Care Manual.
Everybody knows about the dangers
of Breast Cancer - most Health Authorities
in the Western World have done a
fantastic job in educating women about
the dangers of the disease, how to self-
examine, early detection, screenings... to
the extent that most Men know almost as
much about Breast Cancer as women.
With TC it's not the same. Most
people don't know, for example, that if left
untreated, TC can spread quickly through
a man or boy's body along a very
predictable path - from the testicle, to the
abdomen, then to the liver, lungs and to
the brain.
There's lots of info out there on
breast cancer, regular screenings, women
are told and taught (from adolescence)
how to check themselves and self-
inspect... but where's the info on TC for
young men? In comparison to breast
cancer, it's almost non-existent and
information is usually dry and factual,
without any explanation as to why a
young man should self-inspect for TC in
the first place.
The Testicular Care Manual is
essential reading for every proud owner of
a fine set of testicles and it's written in a
fresh, non-technical, easy-to-follow format
that brings a new, man-to-man approach
to 'Man Health', and not just with relation
to the testicles.
The book shows clearly how
prevention of death from TC is literally in
the hands of the 'owner', and in addition,
there's a huge amount of general
information on how to promote and
maintain good health within the male
reproductive system.
This is information that is essential
not only to men and boys, but mothers,
too, should be aware of Testicular Cancer
and other male genital problems, as these
can occur in baby boys less than a year
old.
Nick Maxwell is the author of the
Testicular Care Manual© is a Power-
Packed Male Health Guide with over 250
informative pages and pictures that will
help you boost your sex drive, energy
levels, fertility, cancer awareness and lots
more. Order you copy at
www.testicularcare.com
Testicular Cancer
Survivor Ribbon
54 Home and Garden
The changing Alberta property
market
By Helen Parnell - Alberta
property relocation specialist
Anyone who has been watching
Alberta real estate in the last few years
will know that in 2006 things went really
crazy over here. As with any commodity
we have the rules of supply and demand.
Low supply, lots of demand drives the
prices up. This is what happened in the
Alberta real estate in 2006. People saw
over night the prices jump. They brought
a house in April and by the time they
moved in, in June it had gone up $20,000
in value.
So what is happening in Alberta in
2008? Basically not a lot. The Canadian
Real Estate Association, the umbrella
group for the country's provincial and
local boards, says Alberta had the largest
sales decline compared to the same time
last year.
When you look at real estate figures
anywhere there are few main figures to
compare.

How many houses are for Sale

How many Sales have taken place

What was the Sold price.
Basically Alberta’s sales fell 30 per
cent. It also saw the strongest gain in the
number of homes for sale, posting a 36-
per-cent hike.
Just to give you an idea of figures,
here are the statistics for Calgary for June
2008. (For ease of this article I have
combined all properties for sale together.)
Last year in June 2007 there were
8,519 properties on the market to be sold.
This year there are 14,255. A 40%
increase. There is just so much choice out
there. When you then learn that there was
a drop of 15.9% in the number of new
listings from June 07 to June 08 that
means that nothing really sold in April,
May and June.
Just comparing June 2007 to June
2008 there was a drop of 21.76% in the
amount of sales. There were 3189 sales
in June 2007 and only 2495 in June this
year. So not only do we have a great
choice to choose from but less people are
buying.
So of course less people buying,
more to choose from has left the buyer
with the great option to bargain and so
the average price has dropped over the
year 4.03% from $444,332 to $427,115.
Average price information can be useful in
establishing trends over time, but does
not indicate actual prices in centres
comprised of widely divergent
neighborhoods or account for price
differentials between geographical areas
The easing of prices, the increase in
listings and declines in mortgage rates
have made it possible for first time buyers
to get into the real estate game. And thus
there is some movement.
When we look at the figures again
but compare June 2008 to May 2008
there is some hope for those trying to sell
a house. The number of properties for
sale in May 2008 was 14,940. In June it
was 14,255. So slightly less choice. We
had more sales 2455 in May and 2495 in
June (Ok not a lot more, but it is a start)
and the average price dropped from
$381,000 to $378,000.
The slight increase in sales indicates
that more homes are being priced to fit
the current market conditions. There are
a lot of sellers out there who refuse to
believe the market has changed from the
"crazy market" of 2006 and 2007 and
have refused to budge from prices they
are asking. Their "for sale" signs are likely
to get cobwebs and grow moss on their
north sides. I know of one person who
had his house listed for $729,00 and
refused an offer of $680,000. He now has
his house listed at $689,000 and chances
are he will not get an offer of $680,000
again.
So what does the future hold for
those of you still in the UK wanting to
come over. I am not willing to predict what
is going to happen. Every realtor in Town
has buyers who are waiting for the house
prices to drop more. They would rather
rent and wait, than buy. Every realtor in
Town also has sellers desperate to sell.
Some realtors state that despite
inventory climbs, the easing in the rate of
price increases and decline in sales,
Calgary's market will hold. Calgary is
somewhat sheltered economically
because of our natural resources. In the
past, when other regions have been hit
hard, we have been able to avoid much of
the negative impact.
Other statistics claim that net
migration is down, less people are moving
over from the other provinces and thus
demand is less and that this will continue.
Normally the market is always steady
in July and August and then we have
more movement in September/ October.
Personally I am just waiting to see if my
buyers want to buy before Christmas. I
know all my sellers are now at their
lowest price. They will not reduce any
more. If my sellers and buyers are typical
people then hopefully we may get some
improvement in the real estate markets in
the Fall.
Helen Parnell is real estate expert for
Calgary and Southern Alberta. She can
help with all your real estate needs. See
her list of services at
www.helensellshomes.ca
Helen is also a relocation specialist,
so if you are moving to Calgary or
Southern Alberta from another area of
Canada or from overseas Helen can help
with everything from meeting you at the
airport and finding a property to arranging
your mortgage. See her relocation
services at www.moving2alberta.com
MLS: C3340604 Price: $318,500 Province: Alberta
City: Calgary Bedrooms: 2 Bathrooms: 2
This end unit town house is located in the heart of Mckenzie Towne within walking distance
to all amenties. This home offers lots of upgrades Oak kitchen cabinets, island w/eating bar
& paddle fan over kitchen nook, Tile entrance, stairs and bathrooms, "Lauzon' Red Oak
pacific natural hardwood throught out, Custom linds & Kitchen curtains , Impressive Pewter
& Crystal Chandelier in the 10 ft. entrance. Duo-vac vaccum system, upgraded appliances,
ADT security system. The upper floor has two bedrooms with walk-in closets and ensuites,
Private fenced front yard with concrete patio double attached garage and more.
MLS: C3313479 Price: $599,000 Province: Alberta
City: Cochrane Bedrooms: 4 Bathrooms: 2
What a walkout bungalow! This house has recently been renovated with new paint
throughout. Upon entering you are welcomed by a bright clean house with the MOUNTAIN
view right from the new front door! The main level features the kitchen with tons of
counter space, new stove, and light fittings, corner pantry, all black appliances and
rounded high breakfast bar. There is also a private den/office and large mud room. The
large Master Bedroom has a spacious 4-piece en suite with soaker tub and walk-in closet.
The main level boasts incredible windows that allows lots of natural light.
MLS: C3307045 Price: $555,000 Province: Alberta
City: Cochrane Bedrooms: 5 Bathrooms: 2
BEST OF BOTH WORLDS, 2 HOMES IN ONE, RARE LEGAL SUITE. Live up and rent
down. This unique walkout bunglow in a cul-de-sac location has a rare LEGAL 2 bedroom
suite in the basement with own private entrance and patio. Rental income from this suite
can be used as income when appying for a mortgage. The main entrance has a great slate
floor and den/home office. Upstairs you have a good size kitchen with island come kitchen
table. Family room has cosy fireplace already fitted with wood surround. There is also a
formal dining room or this could be the home office! hardwood flooring throughout.
MLS: C3337156 Price: $489,000 Province: Alberta
City: Cochrane Bedrooms: 3 Bathrooms: 3
The main floor boasts rich hardwood flooring 9ft ceilings. The main living room has a gas
fireplace to cosy up to in winter. The large master has a four-piece ensuite which included
a seperate shower. The kitchen has a large island and breakfast bar, plus large eating
nook to enjoy the view of green space. The main level currently has a den, which could be
used, as a separate dining room and a third room, which could the 2nd main floor
bedroom or office. Walkout basement with bedroom, ensuite, rec room with wet bar.
MLS: C3323063 Price: $279,900 Province: Alberta
City: Cochrane Bedrooms: 2 Bathrooms: 2
This amazing 3rd floor condo is one of the few PREMIER suites. Placed on the corner you
have extra windows making it a bright spacious apartment. The kitchen has some of the
many upgrades with maple cabinets and breakfast bar lighting. There are two good size
bedrooms with the master having a walk though closet and 4 peice ensuite. The ensuite
was upgraded with a soaker tub and tiling to the ceiling. The second bedroom is large
enough for a double bed or even an office. There is a separate laundry room ensuite,plus
an additional storage room. The price includes one underground parking stall on a separate
title.
Helen Parnell
Tel: 403-932-8888
www.moving2alberta.com
Home and Garden 55
56 Home and Garden
How to reface kitchen cabinets
and make them look new
Remodeling your kitchen is one of the
most expensive home remodeling jobs that
you can undertake. The costs can be
trimmed somewhat by doing some of the
work yourself. One area that allows you to
save a good deal of money is refacing your
kitchen cabinets rather than replacing
them.
While refacing kitchen cabinets is less
expensive than installing new, it is not
always worth it. If your cabinets are
generally in good condition and made of
real wood and plywood, then refacing them
will result in a good looking kitchen. If your
cabinets are in poor condition or made of
particle board or press board, it does not
make sense to go through the expense of
refacing them
Planning and Preparation
Once you decide to reface your
kitchen cabinets, you have some decisions
to make. Will you do the refacing work
yourself or hire a professional? While there
are many companies that provide refacing
services, it you are handy and patient,
doing the work yourself is an excellent way
to save some money. Whether you decide
to complete the refacing work yourself or
hire a professional, you need to decide
how extensive of a remodel you want to
conduct and how you want your finished
kitchen to look.
Refacing your kitchen cabinets can
be as simple as removing and replacing
the doors, to painting the cabinets to the
most extensive refacing, applying a wood
grain veneer to your old cabinets.
Regardless of how minor the remodel,
you can significantly change the look of
your kitchen by changing your drawer
pulls and handles.
Getting Started
If you decide to do the refacing work
yourself, there is a good deal of
preparation involved. As in many home
remodeling projects, the prep work is more
time consuming, but just as important, as
the actual work.
Get organized. Remove all of the
kitchen doors and label them, so that when
it is time to return the doors, you will know
where they belong. Remove all the hinges
and handles, setting them aside and
putting your screws in a small container so
that you will not lose them.
Get clean. No matter how meticulous
you keep your kitchen, your cabinets are
going to need a thorough cleaning before
you begin the refacing process. After an
initial cleaning with a general cleaning
solution, follow up with paint thinner or
denatured alcohol. This will cut through the
greasy residue that everyone's cabinets
accumulate. The residue will be particularly
noticeable where the hinges and pulls
were located. To clean the cabinets
effectively, scrub a small area at a time
with your cleaning product and a piece of
steel wool. Immediately wipe the area dry
with a clean paper towel.
Repair. Once you have the cabinets
and doors thoroughly clean, you can repair
any dings or dents that they have
developed over their life. Use wood putty
to fill the damaged area and then sand
lightly. After all of your repair work is
complete, it is time to clean again.
Clean some more. As you fill and sand
the cabinets, you stir up dust. This dust will
prevent the veneer from sticking to the
surface of the cabinet. After all of your
repair work is complete, wipe the cabinet
again, and follow with a tacky cloth, which
should remove the last traces of dust from
the cabinets.
Apply the veneer. The actual process
of applying the wood grain veneer is
simple, but you must take your time. It is
easier to do if you have someone to help
you. The veneer backing is very sticky, and
if you make a mistake putting it on your
cabinets, it is very difficult to move.
Reassembly time. Once the wood
grain veneer is on the cabinets, you are
ready to replace the doors. If you
numbered the doors before you removed
them, this should be a relatively simple
process.
Final Touches. To polish off the look of
your new kitchen, add new handles and
door pulls. If your cabinets had door pulls
and handles, replacing them is a simple
process. If your cabinets did not have
them, measure carefully and mark all of
your drawers and doors before drilling the
holes.
Now stand back and admire your
handiwork. Your new kitchen is sure to
receive rave reviews.
Home and Garden 57
Sometimes, the urge to garden might
be stomped out by other circumstances,
such as living arrangements or space
constrictions. If you live in an apartment,
you can't really operate a full garden, just
because you don't really have a yard! I
think that one of the best solutions for this
problem is to grow plants in containers.
You can hang these, or just arrange them
on your patio, window sill or balcony. Just
a few baskets or pots, and your whole
living area will look much classier and
nicer.
A benefit of growing in small
containers is the fact that you can move
them around to suit your needs. If you
rearrange your furniture and you think that
it would look nicer if it was in the other
area, it's no trouble at all to scoot it over.
As long as the lighting is about the same,
your plant shouldn't mind the transition at
all. Another benefit of the containers'
versatility is the fact that you can adapt it
to simulate any environment depending
on the type of soil you fill it with and where
you place it.
If you are trying to make an
aesthetically pleasing arrangement of
containers and plants, you can adjust the
containers to be at different heights by
hanging them from the ceiling or placing
them on supports. Hanging them will allow
you to make the most of the space you
have. This is called "vertical gardening". If
you pull it off right, you can make a very
pleasing arrangement of plants while
conserving your valuable space. If you
live in an apartment, you know how
important it is to conserve space! One
method of vertical gardening is the use of
a wooden step ladder. If painted correctly,
you can arrange all the plants on it in a
beautiful, stylish cascade of color.
The maintenance of container plants
takes slightly more time, since you have
to water more often and go around to
each individual container. However, the
square footage for container plants is
much less than that of an actual garden,
so the time spent on maintenance and
watering is more balanced. It is important
that you don't over-water your container
plants, as this can be just as fatal to their
health as under-watering.
When choosing containers for your
plants, you'll want to buy them all at once
along with some extras in case they break
or you add more plants later. You don't
want them to be all the same shape and
size, but definitely the same style so that
the compliment each other. Plastic
containers are the best and require the
least amount of watering, but if you want
to stick with clay or earthen pots then you
should line the inside with plastic. This
helps it retain water more, as the clay will
soak up water.
Another thing to remember when
buying pots is the fact that the size of the
pot will ultimately constrict the size of the
plant. Make a careful choice of pots
according to what you wish to grow in
each one. If you search for the plant you
chose on the internet, you should be able
to find specifications as to how much root
space it should be given. This can even
be an advantage for you if you choose a
plant that can grow very large. If you only
have a limited amount of space for it, you
can constrict it by choosing a pot that isn't
large enough to support huge amounts of
growth.
If the benefits of container gardening
sound appealing to you, then you should
start planning out your container garden
today. If you write a list of all the plants
you desire to have, you can do the
necessary research to find out what size
and shape of pots you should get. After
that, it's just a matter of arranging them in
a way that makes your home look the
nicest.
Getting started in container
gardening
Examples of container
gardening
MLS: 2081104 Price: $289,900 Province: Ontario
City: Adolphustown Bedrooms: 2 Bathrooms: 2

Hobby farm for horses. Newly renovated home on hill top. Original hardwood in living and
dining rooms. All new windows (2007). New flooring in kitchen and bathrooms (2008). Main
floor laundry and walk out to deck. Hill top views of orchard and Adolphus Reach from front
porch. 10+ acres with two quonset huts. One is used for stable for horses. 100' x 125' riding
ring plus 4+ acres fenced pasture. Virtual tour: http://www.Obeo.com/464998
MLS: 2082283 Price: $269,000 Province: Ontario
City: Hillier, Quinte Bedrooms: 4 Bathrooms: 4
Immaculate home on pleasant bay. Walk-out from basement with guest suite potential.
Large insulated double garage plus: Marsh waterfront for the naturalist, Central air
conditioning, Central vacuum system, TV antenna, Garage: double, Garage: attached,
Garage: detached, Double width or more driveway, Paved driveway, Crushed stone
driveway, Oil or heating oil, Brick exterior finish, Vinyl exterior finish, Asphalt shingles
roofing, Smoke Detectors, Garage with inside entry, Carpeted Floor
MLS: 2082988 Price: $224,900 Province: Ontario
City: Picton Bedrooms: 4 Bathrooms: 2
Brick century home in good area of Picton. Owners have completely renovated kitchen, 2
baths [one with clawfoot tub]. Newer roof, electrical upgrade including breaker panel plus
gas furnace. All pine floors, 9' ceilings, 3 season sunroom, back stairway, 10' x 10' deck plus
insulated garage/workshop.
MLS: 2081511 Price: $649,000 Province: Ontario
City: Prince Edward Bedrooms: 2 Bathrooms: 2
Custom Built home on 2.73 Ac. with approximately 190' of waterfront on East Lake.
Laminate, ceramic tile and carpet floors, 11 sets of French doors plus double hung windows.
Large lliving room with propane fireplace, ensuite bathroom with heated floor, 6x8 wallk-in
closet and claw foot slipper tub in main floor bath. There is also an outbuilding that has
potential for a studio. Minutes to Sandbanks, wineries and local artist studios.
58 Home and Garden

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