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Jeremy Evans Darmawan/01071180101

Breast Cancer Screening Systematic Review


Breast cancer begins when cells in the breast start growing rapidly and form a tumor.
A screening is done to check for potential health problems and do early detection to reduce
the risk of the disease worsening. Breast cancer often is discovered after the symptoms
appear sometimes even no symptoms at all. Thus, regular screening for breast cancer is
important. This is done by using CT scan and or an MRI to decide the presence of cancer in
the body.

A CT (computerized tomography) scan makes use of computer-processed


combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-
sectional (tomographic) images of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see
inside the object without cutting. These images provide more detailed information than
normal X-ray images because the amount of radiation is greater than that of a normal X-ray.
During a CT scan, you lie in a tunnel-like machine while the inside of the machine rotates
and takes a series of X-rays from different angles. These pictures are then sent to a computer,
where they’re combined to create images of slices, or cross-sections, of the body. They may
also be combined to produce a 3-D image of a particular area of the body. MRI or Magnetic
Resonance Imaging uses powerful magnets, radio waves, and a computer to make detailed
pictures inside your body. MRI does not involve X-rays or the use of ionizing radiation,
which distinguishes it from CT scan. MRI may still be seen as a better choice than a CT scan.
MRI is widely used in hospitals and clinics for medical diagnosis, staging of disease and
follow-up without exposing the body to radiation. However, MRI may often yield different
diagnostic information compared with CT. There may be risks and discomfort associated
with MRI scans. Compared with CT scans, MRI scans typically take longer and are louder,
and they usually need the subject to enter a narrow, confining tube. In addition, people with
some medical implants or other non-removable metal inside the body may be unable to
undergo an MRI examination safely.
In conclusion, the better test is MRI. MRI can create images of soft tissue parts of the
body that are sometimes difficult to see using other testing methods. It also minimizes to risk
of cancer due to radiation exposure. Even though the risk of cancer caused by radiation is
very small if you only have one scan, we care recommending regular screening to necessary,
therefore, your risk for cancer may increase over time if you have multiple CT scans.