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SOLATERM - Project

Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital

SOLATERM – Project AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL


Promotion of a New Generation of Solar Thermal Systems in the MPC
The Significance of the Project
The installation of a solar collector at the Hospital represents one
of the most interesting solar projects realised in EGYPT. The
Large Scale Solar Thermal System system used in the project is Flate Plate Collector. The solar
collector is installed on the surface of building.
for Hot Water Up to 1000 Lit/day. the Thermosyphon system shall be used. The
typical systems of Solar Water Heater are 150 lit/day, 300
lit/day, 500 lit/day and 750 lit/day

More than 1000 lit/day. the collective system used


Presented by: New and renewable Energy Authority (NREA) have been
Eng. REDA Abdel Azim Younes implemented a solar thermal system for hot water in al-wafa & el-
NREA – Egypt. amal hospital

Working Groups Meeting 19 & 22 Feb 2008, Barcelona. Spain New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”
NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain

SOLATERM - Project SOLATERM - Project


Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital

AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL


oThe Description of Hospital and design Criteria oThe Description of Hospital and design Criteria
 Location:
Hot water services in hospital
The hospital situate in Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt.
The hot water connected to 38 Bath Room , Lab , Kitchen and 2 washing pie.
The Building: In addition to the patients, doctors, nurses and supervisors rooms as follows:
The hospital building consist of ground floor & four floors.
The hospital building contain of : Place Bath-room Kitchen Clinics & No. of Total
Patients 's Rooms four rooms for operations Lab Beds
Kitchen Outside Clinics & Labs Consumption (lit/day) 35 15 10 83 4980

Area: The hospital used 30 electric heater with capacity 50 lit. each
The hospital surface area is 1500 m2 There are two boiler with capacity 0.25 ton steam/boiler at 169.5 °c ,
7 bar.
New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”
NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”
NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain

SOLATERM - Project SOLATERM - Project


Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital

AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL

Design Criteria
The design for needs the hospital from hot water has been built on :- By study the solar radiation at 45° in Cairo city and the average of cold water

month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
The percentage of the loading of hospital about 75 % all year Solar Radiation 6.7 6.9 6.8 6.5 6.1 5.8 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.4 6.3 6.4
(kwh/m2/day)
Temp. of cold 14.5 13.5 14.5 18.5 23 27 30.5 32 30 26.5 22 18
The required hot water about 55 °c water (Tc) (°c)

The amount of required heat for the hospital at 55 °c =


Total consumption from hot water at 75 % loading, 55°c Q = m * Cp * (55 –Tc)

month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
83 * (35 + 15 + 10) * 75 % = 3735 lit/day
The amount 15.1 15.5 15.1 13.6 12 10.5 9.2 8.6 9.3 10.6 12.3 13.8
of Heat *
104
(kcal/day)

New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”


NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”
NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain
SOLATERM - Project SOLATERM - Project
Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital

AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL


From the last tables, by study the loading and solar radiation, Then, we get the blow table”
the design of the solar thermal system should be enough for the load at
 10.5*104 kcal/day month Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec

The Required 13.8 14.2 14.00 11.7 11.0 10.4 10.6 11.2 11.9 11.5 13 13.2
Then, suppose of the efficiency of the solar thermal system about 35 % from April to Amount of
Oct. and 40 % another months Heat * 104
(kcal/day)
The area of collectors = 10.5 *104 / 5.8 * 860 * 0.35 The total load of the hospital = 44.5 * 106 Kcal/year ===
 51.7 Kwh/year

The area of collectors = 55 m2 The total out of solar thermal system = 42 *106 Kcal/year ===
 48.8 *103 Kwh/year

We can get the required amount of heat to cover the needs of the hospital Annual Solar Fraction = 94 %

the required amount of heat = eff. * Solar Rad. * Area

New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”


NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”
NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain

SOLATERM - Project SOLATERM - Project


Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital

AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL


The Design of Solar Thermal System
Solar Thermal Energy for Hot Water
The total Area =60 m2
500.0 105.0%

450.0
100.0% The collector area = 2 m2
400.0
Thermal Energy (Kcal*104)

350.0
Solar Fraction (%)

95.0%
300.0 No. of collectors = 30 collector
250.0 90.0%

200.0 Collectors made of pipes & fines from Cupper


85.0%
150.0

100.0
80.0% Tanks with capacity 3750 lit/day from
50.0
galvanized steel
0.0 75.0%
Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May Jun. Jul. Aug. Sep. Oct. Nov. Dec.
month
2 pumps about 0.5 hp
Solar Output Req. Loading Solar Fraction

Differential Control, Accessories ,connection


and insulation

New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”


NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”
NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain

SOLATERM - Project SOLATERM - Project


Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital

AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL

System Cost
Energy Saving
The price of collector = 250 $ (Cu * Cu)
The price of Tank (3.5 m3) = 1200 $ (Galvanized Steel) The total load of the hospital = 44.5 * 106 Kcal/year ===
 51.7 Kwh/year
The price of pump (0.5 hp) = 150 $
Accessories ,connection and insulation = 1500 $
Benefit = 1500 $ The total output of solar thermal system = 42 *106 Kcal/year ===
 48.8 *103
Kwh/year
Total cost = (250 *30) +1200 +(150 *2) + 1500 + 1500
Total cost = 12000 $

Cost per Kwh solar Heat = 12000/48.8*103 = 0.25 $/kwh

New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”


NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”
NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain
SOLATERM - Project
Solar Thermal System for Hot Water in Hospital

AL WAFA & AL AML HOSPITAL

Thank you

New & Renewable Energy Authority “NREA”


NREA” Working Group Meeting 19-22 Feb 2008,Barcelona,Spain