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It wasn't just their crushingly loud interpretation of the blues -- it was how they incorporated mythology, mysticism, and a variety of other genres (most notably world music and British folk) -- into their sound. Led Zeppelin had mystique. They rarely gave interviews, since the music press detested the band. Consequently, the only connection the audience had with the band was through the records and the concerts. More than any other band, Led Zeppelin established the concept of album-oriented rock, refusing to release popular songs from their albums as singles. In doing so, they established the dominant format for heavy metal, as well as the genre's actual sound. Led Zeppelin formed out of the ashes of the Yardbirds. Jimmy Page had joined the band in its final days, playing a pivotal role on their final album, 1967's Little Games, which also featured string arrangements from John Paul Jones. During 1967, the Yardbirds were fairly inactive. While the Yardbirds decided their future, Page returned to session work in 1967. In the spring of 1968, he played on Jones' arrangement of Donovan's "Hurdy Gurdy Man." During the sessions, Jones requested to be part of any future project Page would develop. Page would have to assemble a band sooner than he had planned. In the summer of 1968, the Yardbirds' Keith Relf and James McCarty left the band, leaving Page and bassist Chris Dreja with the rights to the name, as well as the obligation of fulfilling an upcoming fall tour. Page set out to find a replacement vocalist and drummer. Initially, he wanted to enlist singer Terry Reid and Procol Harum's drummer B.J. Wilson, but neither musician was able to join the group. Reid suggested that Page contact Robert Plant, who was singing with a band called Hobbstweedle. After hearing him sing, Page asked Plant to join the band in August of 1968, the same month Chris Dreja dropped out of the new project. Following Dreja's departure, John Paul Jones joined the group as its bassist. Plant recommended that Page hire John Bonham, the drummer for Plant's old band, the Band of Joy. Bonham had to be persuaded to join the group, as he was being courted by other artists who offered the drummer considerably more money. By September, Bonham agreed to join the band. Performing under the name the New Yardbirds, the band fulfilled the Yardbirds' previously booked engagements in late September 1968. The following month, they recorded their debut album in just under 30 hours. Also in October, the group switched its name to Led Zeppelin. The band secured a contract with Atlantic Records in the United States before the end of the year. Early in 1969, Led Zeppelin set out on their first American tour, which helped set the stage for the January release of their eponymous debut album. Two months after its release, Led Zeppelin had climbed into the U.S. Top Ten. Throughout 1969, the band toured relentlessly, playing dates in America and England. While they were on the road, they recorded their second album, Led Zeppelin II, which was released in October of 1969. Like its predecessor, Led Zeppelin II was an immediate hit, topping the American charts two months after its release and spending seven weeks at number one. The album helped establish Led Zeppelin as an international concert attraction, and for the next year, the group continued to tour relentlessly. Led Zeppelin's sound began to
deepen with Led Zeppelin III. Released in October of 1970, the album featured an overt British folk influence. The group's infatuation with folk and mythology would reach a fruition on the group's untitled fourth album, which was released in November of 1971. Led Zeppelin IV was the band's most musically diverse effort to date, featuring everything from the crunching rock of "Black Dog" to the folk of "The Battle of Evermore," as well as "Stairway to Heaven," which found the bridge between the two genres. "Stairway to Heaven" was an immediate radio hit, eventually becoming the most played song in the history of album-oriented radio; the song was never released as a single. Despite the fact that the album never reached number one in America, Led Zeppelin IV was their biggest album ever, selling well over 16 million copies over the next two and a half decades. Led Zeppelin did tour to support both Led Zeppelin III and Led Zeppelin IV, but they played fewer shows than they did on their previous tours. Instead, they concentrated on only playing larger venues. After completing their 1972 tour, the band retreated from the spotlight and recorded their fifth album. Released in the spring of 1973, Houses of the Holy continued the band's musical experimentation, featuring touches of funk and reggae among their trademark rock and folk. The success of Houses of the Holy set the stage for a record-breaking American tour. Throughout their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin broke boxoffice records -- most of which were previously held by the Beatles -- across America. The group's concert at Madison Square Garden in July was filmed for use in the feature film The Song Remains the Same, which was released three years later. After their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin spent a quiet year during 1974, releasing no new material and performing no concerts. They did, however, establish their own record label, Swan Song, which released all of Led Zeppelin's subsequent albums, as well as records by Dave Edmunds, Bad Company, the Pretty Things, and several others. Physical Graffiti, a double album released in February of 1975, was the band's first release on Swan Song. The album was an immediate success, topping the charts in both America and England. Led Zeppelin launched a large American tour in 1975, but it came to a halt when Robert Plant and his wife suffered a serious car crash while vacationing in Greece. The tour was canceled and Plant spent the rest of the year recuperating from the accident. Led Zeppelin returned to action in the spring of 1976 with Presence. Although the album debuted at number one in both America and England, the reviews for the album were lukewarm, as was the reception to the live concert film The Song Remains the Same, which appeared in the fall of 1976. The band finally returned to tour America in the Spring of 1977. A couple of months into the tour, Plant's six-year-old son Karac died of a stomach infection. Led Zeppelin immediately canceled the tour and offered no word whether or not it would be rescheduled, causing widespread speculation about the band's future. For a while, it did appear that Led Zeppelin was finished. Robert Plant spent the latter half of 1977 and the better part of 1978 in seclusion. The group didn't begin work on a new album until late in the summer of 1978, when they began recording at ABBA's Polar studios in Sweden. A year later, the band played a short European tour, performing in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Belgium, and Austria. In August of 1979, Led Zeppelin played two large concerts at Knebworth; the shows would be their last English performances.
In Through the Out Door, the band's much-delayed eighth studio album, was finally released in September of 1979. The album entered the charts at number one in both America and England. In May of 1980, Led Zeppelin embarked on their final European tour. In September, Led Zeppelin began rehearsing at Jimmy Page's house in preparation for an American tour. On September 25, John Bonham was found dead in his bed -following an all-day drinking binge, he had passed out and choked on his own vomit. In December of 1980, Led Zeppelin announced they were disbanding, since they could not continue without Bonham. Following the breakup, the remaining members all began solo careers. John Paul Jones returned to producing and arranging, finally releasing his solo debut, Zooma, in 1999. After recording the soundtrack for Death Wish II, Jimmy Page compiled the Zeppelin outtakes collection Coda, which was released at the end of 1982. That same year, Robert Plant began a solo career with the Pictures at Eleven album. In 1984, Plant and Page briefly reunited in the all-star oldies band the Honeydrippers. After recording one EP with the Honeydrippers, Plant returned to his solo career and Page formed the Firm with former Bad Company singer Paul Rogers. In 1985, Led Zeppelin reunited to play Live Aid, sparking off a flurry of reunion rumors; the reunion never materialized. In 1988, the band re-formed to play Atlantic's 25th anniversary concert. During 1989, Page remastered the band's catalog for release on the 1990 box set Led Zeppelin. The four-disc set became the biggest-selling multi-disc box set of all time, which was followed up three years later by another box set, the mammoth ten-disc set The Complete Studio Recordings. In 1994, Page and Plant reunited to record a segment for MTV Unplugged, which was released as No Quarter in the fall of 1994. Although the album went platinum, the sales were disappointing considering the anticipation of a Zeppelin reunion. The following year, Page and Plant embarked on a successful international tour, which eventually led to an all-new studio recording in 1998, the Steve Albini-produced Walking Into Clarksdale. Surprisingly, the album was met with a cool reception by the record-buying public, as Page and Plant ended their union shortly thereafter, once again going their separate ways (Page went on to tour with the Black Crowes, while Plant resumed his solo career). Further Zeppelin compilation releases saw the light of day in the late '90s, including 1997's stellar double-disc BBC Sessions, plus Zep's first true best-of collections -- 1999's Early Days: The Best Of, Vol. 1 and 2000's Latter Days: The Best Of, Vol. 2.
Albums: 1969 Led Zeppelin 1969 Led Zeppelin II 1970 Led Zeppelin III 1971 Led Zeppelin IV 1973 Houses of the Holy
1975 Physical Graffiti 1976 Presence 1976 The Song Remains the Same [live] 1979 In Through the Out Door 1982 Coda
Pink Floyd Pink Floyd is the premier space rock band. Since the mid-'60s, their music relentlessly tinkered with electronics and all manner of special effects to push pop formats to their outer limits. At the same time they wrestled with lyrical themes and concepts of such massive scale that their music has taken on almost classical, operatic quality, in both sound and words. Despite their astral image, the group was brought down to earth in the 1980s by decidedly mundane power struggles over leadership and, ultimately, ownership of the band's very name. After that time, they were little more than a dinosaur act, capable of filling stadiums and topping the charts, but offering little more than a spectacular recreation of their most successful formulas. Their latter-day staleness cannot disguise the fact that, for the first decade or so of their existence, they were one of the most innovative groups around, in concert and (especially) in the studio. While Pink Floyd are mostly known for their grandiose concept albums of the 1970s, they started as a very different sort of psychedelic band. Soon after they first began playing together in the mid-'60s, they fell firmly under the leadership of lead guitarist Syd Barrett, the gifted genius who would write and sing most of their early material. The Cambridge native shared the stage with Roger Waters (bass), Rick Wright (keyboards), and Nick Mason (drums). The name Pink Floyd, seemingly so far-out, was actually derived from the first names of two ancient bluesmen (Pink Anderson and Floyd Council). And at first, Pink Floyd were much more conventional than the act into which they would evolve, concentrating on the rock and R&B material that were so common to the repertoires of mid-'60s British bands. Pink Floyd quickly began to experiment, however, stretching out songs with wild instrumental freak-out passages incorporating feedback; electronic screeches; and unusual, eerie sounds created by loud amplification, reverb, and such tricks as sliding ball bearings up and down guitar strings. In 1966, they began to pick up a following in the London underground; on-stage, they began to incorporate light shows to add to the psychedelic effect. Most importantly, Syd Barrett began to compose pop-psychedelic gems that combined unusual psychedelic arrangements (particularly in the haunting guitar and celestial organ licks) with catchy melodies and incisive lyrics that viewed the world with a sense of poetic, childlike wonder. The group landed a recording contract with EMI in early 1967 and made the Top 20 with a brilliant debut single, "Arnold Layne," a sympathetic, comic vignette about a transvestite. The follow-up, the kaleidoscopic "See Emily Play," made the Top Ten. The
it was like no other that Pink Floyd would make. after all. colored as it was by a vision that was far more humorous. where the loss of Syd Barrett meant nothing to the media. Pink Floyd would continue to polish their brand of experimental rock. and the band proved capable of writing enough original material to generate further ambitious albums. but taking a more formal. It was early in the game yet.debut album. reverberant organs and guitars and insistently restated themes were subtle blues and pop influences that kept the material accessible to a wide audience. made the British Top Ten. mysterious rockers ("Lucifer Sam")." "Matilda Mother"). Around the beginning of 1968. popfriendly. would go on to make a couple of interesting solo records before his mental problems instigated a retreat into oblivion. guitarist Dave Gilmour. but eventually become even more successful. The 1968 follow-up to Piper at the Gates of Dawn. The reason Pink Floyd never made a similar album was that Piper was the only one to be recorded under Barrett's leadership. The Piper at the Gates of Dawn. and freakier pieces with lengthy instrumental passages ("Astronomy Domine. and lighthearted than those of their subsequent epics. Gilmour was an excellent guitarist. looking at the wreckage of a band that was now without its lead guitarist. Over the next four years. Dominated almost wholly by Barrett's songs. they concentrated on album-length works. Barrett would still be able to write and contribute to the records. Abandoning the singles market. decided to abandon the group and manage Barrett as a solo act. A Saucerful of Secrets. for his part. Barrett would go catatonic on-stage. was brought in as a fifth member. Pink Floyd would regroup and not only maintain their popularity. a friend of the band who was also from Cambridge. Pepper's." "Interstellar Overdrive. also released in 1967. Dependent upon Barrett for most of their vision and material. The record was not only like no other at the time. the prodigy began showing increasingly alarming signs of mental instability. childhood flashbacks ("Bike. While LPs like Ummagumma . live or in the studio. Hidden underneath the pulsing. Pink Floyd's management. That couldn't work either. using Barrett's vision as an obvious blueprint. the rest of the group was nevertheless finding him impossible to work with. Barrett. and built a huge following in the progressive rock underground with constant touring in both Europe and North America. especially in the long instrumental parts. the first album had made the British Top Ten. playing music that had little to do with the material. somber. Incredibly." "Pow R Toch") that mapped out their fascination with space travel. let alone play the pop star game. and quasi-classical tone. which married psychedelia with ever-grander arrangements on a Wagnerian operatic scale. and within a few months Barrett was out of the group. An American tour had to be cut short when he was barely able to function at all. The idea was that Gilmour would enable the Floyd to continue as a live outfit. the album was a charming fun house of driving. and primary songwriter. Such calamities would have proven insurmountable for 99 out of 100 bands in similar predicaments. may have been the greatest British psychedelic album other than Sgt. lead singer. but the group was still virtually unknown in America. Waters eventually emerging as the dominant composer. or not playing at all. Around mid-1967. odd character sketches ("The Gnome").
Wish You Were Here (1975). more focused songwriting. prepared Pink Floyd or their audience for the massive mainstream success of their 1973 album. Syd Barrett was a fading or nonexistent memory for most of Pink Floyd's fans. The Wall was a huge success (even by Pink Floyd's standards). Additionally. overambitious double concept album concerned itself with the material and emotional walls modern humans build around themselves for survival. Waters was asserting control of the band's musical and lyrical identity. It was also an extremely hard act to follow.(divided into live recordings and experimental outings by each member of the band). and the record became (and still is) one of the most popular rock albums worldwide. Dark Side of the Moon spent an incomprehensible 741 weeks on the Billboard album chart. and the cold sterility of modern life. fear. Although Pink Floyd had rarely even released singles since the late '60s. an army of well-time stereophonic sound effects. The bleak. the group began to unravel. and More. Meddle (1971) sharpened the band's sprawling epics into something more accessible. which was consolidated by The Wall (1979). the band split up -. and polished the science fiction ambience that the group had been exploring ever since 1968. it made them one of the biggest-selling acts of all time. By this time Waters was taking a firm hand over Pink Floyd's lyrical and musical vision. and touches of saxophone and soulful female backup vocals. That wouldn't have been such a problem had The Final Cut (1983) been such an unimpressive effort. was the most excessive yet. in part because the music was losing some of its heavy-duty electronic textures in favor of more approachable pop elements. "Shine On You Crazy Diamond. "Another Brick in the Wall. but the touring production of The Wall. never did match the brilliance of that somewhat anomalous 1967 debut. Dark Side of the Moon. more troublingly. the primarily instrumental textures of the songs helped make Dark Side of the Moon easily translatable on an international level. Wish You Were Here and Animals (1977) developed these morose themes even more explicitly. In the 1980s.. however. (a film soundtrack) were erratic. although the group. Nothing. The band had been launching increasingly elaborate stage shows throughout the '70s. In 1986. featuring a construction of an actual wall during the band's performance.for a while." Dark Side of the Moon had been dominated by lyrical themes of insecurity. Each of the four had done some side and solo projects in the past.. highlighted by a tribute of sorts to the long-departed Barrett. Waters was suing Gilmour and Mason to dissolve the group's partnership (Wright had lost full membership status entirely). where it made number one. one of the tracks. which made their brand of cosmic rock even more approachable with state-of-theart production. Waters lost. More astonishingly. also made number one. one could argue. with little of the electronic innovation so typical of their previous work. each contained some extremely effective music. Shortly afterward." became a transatlantic number one. leaving a Roger-less Pink Floyd to get a Top . By the early '70s. Atom Heart Mother (a collaboration with composer Ron Geesin). although the follow-up. Dark Side of the Moon finally broke Pink Floyd as superstars in the United States.
highlighted by a solo recreation of The Wall. Waters' solo career sputtered along. topped the charts in 1994 without making any impact on the current rock scene. their first studio album in seven years. and unaware that Syd Barrett was ever a member -. could execute it on a grand scale. Pink Floyd still had a huge fan base.to buy their records and see their sporadic tours. Ditto for the live Pulse album. They knew their formula. recorded during a typically elaborately staged 1994 tour. about 20 years after Pink Floyd shed their original leader to resume their career with great commercial success. and released as an album. they would do the same again to his successor. The Division Bell. Syd Barrett continued to be completely removed from the public eye except as a sort of archetype for the fallen genius. while he watched his former colleagues (with Wright back in tow) rescale the charts. Waters released ambitious solo albums to nothing more than moderate sales and attention.many of them unborn when Dark Side of the Moon came out. except in a marketing sense. performed at the site of the former Berlin Wall in 1990. Main Albums 1967 1968 1969 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1975 1977 1979 1983 1987 1988 1994 1995 The Piper at the Gates of Dawn A Saucerful of Secrets More Ummagumma Atom Heart Mother Meddle Obscured by Clouds The Dark Side of the Moon Wish You Were Here Animals The Wall The Final Cut A Momentary Lapse of Reason Delicate Sound of Thunder [live] The Division Bell Pulse [live] The Jimi Hendrix . and could count on millions of customers -. but there's little that's noteworthy about their postWaters output.Five album with Momentary Lapse of Reason in 1987. In an irony that was nothing less than cosmic. which included a concert version of The Dark Side of the Moon in its entirety.
" and "The Wind Cries Mary" all made the Top Ten in the first half of 1967. Hendrix would only record three fully conceived studio albums in his . which employed an arsenal of devices. looking to move into management. but in fact he'd served his apprenticeship the long.K. These tracks were also featured on their debut album. and Hendrix was straight-jacketed by sideman roles that didn't allow him to develop as a soloist. and joining white bluesrock singer John Hammond." "Purple Haze. During the early and mid-'60s. Are You Experienced? was an astonishing debut. Dylan.. he worked with such R&B/soul greats as Little Richard.he could and would play behind his back and with his teeth and set his guitar on fire -. and Chandler. throaty vocal pipes were not nearly as great assets as his instrumental skills). liquid runs up and down the scales. soul. often with innovative amplification experiments that produced astral-quality feedback and roaring distortion. R&B. convinced Hendrix to move to London and record as a solo act in England. synthesizing mod pop. which he did in New York in the mid-'60s. Amazingly. and King Curtis as a backup guitarist. Are You Experienced? was psychedelia at its most eclectic. He was also an excellent blues interpreter and passionate. playing with various musicians in local clubs. including wah-wah pedals. a psychedelic meisterwerk that became a huge hit in the U. Jr. Pete Townshend. Are You Experienced?. the Isley Brothers.In his brief four-year reign as a superstar. it seemed as if he'd dropped out of a Martian spaceship. mundane way in numerous R&B acts on the chitlin circuit. also featuring Mitch Mitchell on drums and Noel Redding on bass.has sometimes obscured his considerable gifts as a songwriter. His frequent hurricane blasts of noise and dazzling showmanship -. buzzing feedback solos. The logical step was for Hendrix to go out on his own. Jimi Hendrix expanded the vocabulary of the electric rock guitar more than anyone before or since. where "Hey Joe. R&B.S. and Eric Clapton. after Hendrix created a sensation at the Monterey Pop Festival in June of 1967. and rock styles. It was in a New York club that Hendrix was spotted by Animals bassist Chas Chandler. before the Experience formed. What caught most people's attention at first was his virtuosic guitar playing. engaging singer (although his gruff. But the stars didn't appreciate his show-stealing showmanship. and master of a gamut of blues. singer. When Hendrix became an international superstar in 1967. There a group was built around Jimi.'s band for a while. particularly from a young R&B veteran who had rarely sung. and apparently never written his own material. that was dubbed the Jimi Hendrix Experience. melding cosmic imagery with some surprisingly pop-savvy hooks and tender sentiments. Occasionally he recorded as a session man (the Isley Brothers' 1964 single "Testify" is the only one of these early tracks that offers even a glimpse of his future genius). The first lineup of the Animals was about to split. But Hendrix was also a first-rate songwriter. and the electric guitar innovations of British pioneers like Jeff Beck. crunching distorted riffs. Hendrix was a master at coaxing all manner of unforeseen sonics from his instrument. and lightning. The trio became stars with astonishing speed in the U.
forming the Band of Gypsies with drummer Buddy Miles and bassist Billy Cox to pursue funkier directions.Hendrix's most valuable musical collaborator -. Much of this (as well as entire live concerts) was issued posthumously. In early 1970. never matching the consistency of Are You Experienced? (although he exercised greater creative control over the later albums). A few months into 1970. the Experience re-formed again -and disbanded again shortly afterward. He disbanded the Experience in 1969. or that he was too confused to know what he was doing at all. and personally. or claimed to know him well. Not that these albums were perfect. a new studio album had yet to appear.lifetime. and the Band of Gypsies ultimately couldn't measure up to the same standard. the instrumental breaks could meander. Mitchell -. it also seems likely that Jimi himself was partly responsible for the stalemate. He closed Woodstock with a sprawling. He was embroiled in enough complicated management and record company disputes (some dating from ill-advised contracts he'd signed before the Experience formed) to keep the lawyers busy for years. when he died in London on September 18. financially. It was this trio that toured the world during Hendrix's final months. The same confusion holds true for his death: contradictory versions of his final days have been given by his closest acquaintances of the time. from drug-related complications. and Hendrix's songwriting was occasionally half-baked. unable to form a permanent lineup of musicians. and management pressures. Everyone who knew him well. unable to bring himself to complete another album despite jamming endlessly. that he was going to get deeper into the blues. Hendrix felt torn in many directions by various fellow musicians. all of whom had their own ideas of what Hendrix should be doing." The rhythm section of Mitchell and Redding were underrated keys to Jimi's best work. Hendrix pioneered the use of the studio itself as a recording instrument. At the same time. Axis: Bold as Love and the double-LP Electric Ladyland were more diffuse and experimental than Are You Experienced? On Electric Ladyland in particular.came back into the fold. although Hendrix was recording constantly during the period. as impressive as they were. although Hendrix did record an erratic live album with them. has different versions of his state of mind in 1970. Critics have variously mused that he was going to go into jazz. While outside parties did contribute to bogging down Hendrix's studio work. that he was going to continue doing what he was doing. unable to decide what musical direction to pursue. Hendrix recorded a massive amount of unreleased studio material during his lifetime. record-company expectations. replacing Miles in the drum chair. 1970. several of the live concerts were excellent. although Cox stayed in place. The final two years of Hendrix's life were turbulent ones musically. shaky set. Coming up on two years after Electric Ladyland. but the studio tapes have been the focus of enormous . manipulating electronics and devising overdub techniques (with the help of engineer Eddie Kramer in particular) to plot uncharted sonic territory. redeemed by his famous machine-gun interpretation of "The Star Spangled Banner. tentatively titled First Ray of the New Rising Sun. It's extremely difficult to separate the facts of Hendrix's life from rumors and speculation. He'd been working intermittently on a new album.
These initially came out in haphazard drabs and drubs (the first. collecting more tracks from posthumous LPs like Crash Landing. In the mid-'70s. the rights to Hendrix's estate. They began by hiring John McDermott and Jimi's original engineer. In the eyes of many Hendrix fans. The Cry of Love. this was sacrilege. Ottawa and Clark University in Massachusetts) and a collection of studio jams and demos called Morning Symphony Ideas.controversy for over 20 years. War Heroes. Crash Landing and Rainbow Bridge along with more rarities and alternates from the Chandler cache. Al set up Experience Hendrix to begin to get Jimi's legacy in order. With the help of Jimi's step-sister Janie. was easily the most outstanding of the lot). Dagger Records has released several live concerts (of shows in Oakland. posthumously overdubbing many of Hendrix's tapes with additional parts by studio musicians. Accompanying those reissues was a posthumous compilation album (based on Jimi's handwritten track listings) called First Rays of the New Rising Sun. including all of his recordings. The family also launched Dagger Records. destroying the integrity of the work of a musician known to exercise meticulous care over the final production of his studio recordings. Hendrix's first three albums were reissued with drastically improved sound. made up of tracks from the Cry of Love. which compiled remaining tracks from In the West. Even as late as 1995. which had never been used for previous CD releases. another compilation called South Saturn Delta showed up. Later in 1997. along with a handful of never-before-heard material that Chas Chandler had withheld from Alan Douglas for all those years. After a lengthy legal dispute. They were able to find all the original master tapes. Eddie Kramer to oversee the remastering process. Main Albums: 1967 Are You Experienced . in July of 1995. producer Alan Douglas took control of these projects. Douglas was having ex-Knack drummer Bruce Gary record new parts for the typically misbegotten compilation Voodoo Soup. More archival material followed. Radio One was basically expanded to the two-disc BBC Sessions (released in 1998). the guitarist's father. returned to Al Hendrix. essentially an authorized bootleg label to supply harcore Hendrix fans with material that would be of limited commercial appeal. and Rainbow Bridge (without the terrible '70s overdubs). and in April of 1997. Rainbow Bridge and War Heroes. 2000 saw the release of the Jimi Hendrix Experience four-disc box set. and 1999 saw the release of the full show from Woodstock as well as additional concert recordings from the Band of Gypsies shows entitled Live at the Fillmore East.
Van Halen simultaneously rewrote the rules of rock guitar and hard rock in general. who brought the role of a metal singer to near-performance art standards. an arena rock veteran from the '70s who replaced Roth after the vocalist had a falling out with Van Halen in 1985. CA. it was impossible not to hear Van Halen's instrumental technique on records that ranged from the heaviest metal to soft pop. Together. when he was 12 years old and his . but only for two songs on a greatest-hits album. hammer-ons. 1 1970 Band of Gypsys [live] 1971 Experience [Original Soundtrack] 1971 Experience: London's Royal Albert Hall. and effects that mimicked the sounds of machines and animals. In one of the most disastrous publicity stunts in rock history. a former member of Extreme. It was wildly inventive and over the top. Eddie Van Halen and his prodigious talent remained the core of Van Halen. equaled only by vocalist David Lee Roth. Eddie and his family moved from the Netherlands to Pasadena. helping the group top the charts through the late '80s and early '90s. seemingly as a permanent member.1967 Axis: Bold as Love 1968 Electric Ladyland 1968 Electric Hendrix [Withdrawn] 1968 Electric Ladyland Pt. Roth wasn't blessed with great technique. However. developing a blindingly fast technique with a variety of self-taught two-handed tapping. Hagar was fired (or quit) and Roth was brought back on. Guitarist Eddie Van Halen redefined what electric guitar could do. February 1969 [live] 1971 Isle of Wight [live] 1971 The Cry of Love 1972 War Heroes 1987 Live at Winterland 1989 Radio One [live] Van Halen With their 1978 eponymous debut. Roth's ironydrenched antics were copied by singers who took everything literally. in 1967. they made Van Halen into the most popular American rock & roll band of the late '70s and early '80s. just as tensions between Hagar and Eddie began to arise. Hagar stayed with the band longer than Roth. the group's sales began to slide in the mid-'90s. The son of a Dutch bandleader. but he had a flair for showmanship that was derived as much from lounge performers as Robert Plant. Through all the upheaval over lead vocalists. Furthermore. He was subsequently replaced by Gary Cherone. pull-offs. Throughout the '80s. unlike Eddie. One of these was Sammy Hagar. and in the process set the template for hard rock and heavy metal for the '80s.
became a member of Mammoth. and Los Angeles. Soon. reaching number six. and while Roth was initially reluctant to use electronics. who had been raised in a wealthy Californian family. releasing the band's debut the following year. Released on New Year's Day. yet it still peaked at number six." Van Halen II. and the group was quickly on their way to being superstars. For the next three years. who was singing with Snake. The brothers began a hard rock band called Mammoth and began playing around Pasadena. Eddie and Alex continued their classical piano training. Within a few years. Alex. Van Halen became a hit due to strong word of mouth. After discovering that another band had the rights to the name Mammoth." "Jamie's Cryin'. Van Halen gained steam. Mo Ostin and Ted Templeman signed Van Halen to Warner Bros. was singing in Redball Jet. eventually switching instruments. but was a success on the album charts. when their album 1984 became an across-the-board smash. The band's repertoire covered everything from pop and rock to disco. he joined forces with the group. Santa Barbara. the expansion of the group's sound was widely praised. Van Halen played throughout Pasadena. both boys were enraptured by rock & roll. continued the band's success. Roth was unhappy with Eddie's appearance on Michael Jackson's 1983 hit . each member played separate solo sets and were physically separated on the stage. Kiss' Gene Simmons financed a demo recording session for Van Halen after seeing them at the Starwood Club.older brother. During their 1984 tour. eventually meeting David Lee Roth. was a huge hit. was 14." and "Runnin' With the Devil. playing both clubs and hotel bars. Van Halen didn't become superstars until 1984. they had become the most popular local band in Los Angeles. Shortly afterward. The band supported the album with their first headlining. At the time. 1984 rocketed to number two on the strength of the number one single "Jump. international arena tour. the group decided to call themselves Van Halen in 1974. things were not well within the band. and support from AOR radio. Throughout 1984. as "I'll Wait" and "Panama" became Top 15 singles and "Hot for Teacher" became a radio and MTV staple. released in 1982. and five months later it went platinum. Despite the band's breakthrough success. On the strength of Simmons' recommendation. Within three months the album had gone gold. Roth. In 1977. but they eventually worked in their own original material. spawning a number 12 cover of Roy Orbison's "(Oh) Pretty Woman" and reaching number three. It would eventually sell over six million copies. As their father supported the family by playing in wedding bands.." Like many songs on the album. thanks to the album rock staples "You Really Got Me. Impressed by the Van Halen brothers. Women and Children First (1980) didn't have any charting singles. bassist Michael Anthony. rejecting the proposed Rat Salade. Released in 1981. Fair Warning wasn't quite as popular as their previous records. released in 1979. Eddie learned how to play drums and Alex took up the guitar. While all of their previous albums were successful. Diver Down. "Jump" was driven by Eddie's new synthesizer. and Eddie became well known for his groundbreaking technique. constant touring. as "Dance the Night Away" became their first Top 20 single.
Though the resulting Best Of. Following a skirmish in 1996 over the recording of a song for the Twister soundtrack. released in 1991. However. Vol. In 1985. While Balance was successful. Vol. Hagar's solo career had been sporadically successful. the double album Van Halen Live: Right Here. partially due to the hit MTV video for "Right Now."Beat It. Cherone's long-awaited debut with Van Halen. Following an appearance at the MTV Music Awards. was a huge hit. 1. Eddie claimed Hagar quit. rumors began to swirl once more of an . the rock media reacted positively to the news. According to Hagar. was another number one hit. OU812 was just as successful. 1 was a success. entering the charts at number one and selling two million copies shortly after its release. Roth released a solo EP. escalating tensions even further. By the spring 1995 release of Balance. which spawned hit covers of "California Girls" and "Just a Gigolo/I Ain't Got Nobody. was finally released in March of 1998. highlighted by such arena metal hits as "Three-Lock Box" and "I Can't Drive 55." Van Halen followed the album with their first live record. MTV began airing a welcome back commercial days after the announcement. crashing in at number three. since the reception to the album from fans. the band had become subject to criticism that it simply repeated a formula. Roth said that he was duped into recording the songs. critics. Cherone was dismissed from Van Halen in 1999. The former lead singer of Montrose. Eddie Van Halen fired Roth from the band. Immediately. it quickly slipped down the charts. 1986's 5150." and "Love Walks In. The band wanted to release a greatest-hits collection. it stalled quickly afterward. Eddie decided to make a change by switching singers. Right Now in 1993." When Roth delayed the recording of Van Halen's follow-up to 1984. and once the reunion became public. Eddie fired him shortly afterward." Though many critics suspected Hagar wouldn't be able to sustain Van Halen's remarkable success. Eddie's reputation as a nice guy was tarnished once the entire affair was over. his first album with the band. and radio was mixed. the reunion was not to be. After Van Halen III proved to be the worst-selling album of Van Halen's long and illustrious career (the ensuing world tour was poorly attended as well)." For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge. Most observers were taken by surprise when Sammy Hagar was named as Roth's replacement. claiming that he was only on board to record two new songs. he was fired from the band." and Eddie grew tired of the comic antics of Roth. Van Halen began recording new material with Roth without informing Hagar. Roth proceeded to record two new songs for Van Halen's Best Of." Released in 1988. earning stronger reviews than its predecessor and generating the hits "When It's Love" and "Finish What You Started. entitled Van Halen III. but Hagar balked at the idea. Crazy from the Heat. believing that the reunion was permanent. Eddie had recently undergone well-publicized treatment for alcoholism. Although the album debuted high on the charts. reaching number one and spawning the hit singles "Why Can't This Be Love. Former Extreme vocalist Gary Cherone was announced as the band's new lead singer. and Hagar was notorious for his party-hearty ways." "Dreams. who went ballistic upon learning of the group's reunion. even writing a paean to Amsterdam's hash bars with "Amsterdam" on Balance. tensions between Eddie Van Halen and Sammy Hagar had grown considerably. Furthermore.
Van Halen were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame and rumors of a reunion tour with Roth began to circulate again. In 2004. but was told by his doctors that chances were good for a complete recovery. confirming that he had recorded several new songs with the band (tracks that Roth described as amazing.. but tensions were high and Hagar and Anthony returned to the Warboritas the following year. along with a controversial lineup change that replaced Michael Anthony with Eddie's son Wolfgang on bass. Michael Anthony began making regular appearances with Sammy Hagar's Warboritas. The bandmembers blamed the label for promoting younger bands. Right Now Balance Van Halen III . David Lee Roth and Hagar hit the road together for the popular Heavyweight Champs of Rock & Roll Tour. Things were kept completely hush-hush in the Van Halen camp until early 2001. Months later. Main Albums: 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1984 1986 1988 1991 1993 1995 1998 Van Halen Van Halen II Women and Children First Fair Warning Diver Down 1984 5150 OU812 For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge Live: Right Here. The shows were undeniably successful. Those rumors were confirmed on August 17th when the group announced legitimate dates. The tour kicked off in September and went on to gross over 93 million dollars. while also admitting that they had not yet found Cherone's replacement and were no longer considering Roth. and in a surprise move. but hadn't heard back from them since the previous summer. Eddie told MTV News that the band's remaining members had penned a total of three albums' worth of new material and that they were still unsure of who their next singer would be. Only a few days after Roth's news. fans were shocked to hear that the band parted ways with Warner Bros. and astonishing). The next three years found various members tending to situations both personal and professional.impending David Lee Roth/Van Halen reunion. Eddie Van Halen admitted to the public that he was battling cancer. In the summer of 2001. the band announced that Hagar would return to the fold for an American tour in support of a new greatest-hits collection. when David Lee Roth went public on his website with an update. its label since 1979. phenomenal. In 2007. Eddie and longtime wife Valerie Bertinelli separated. The Best of Both Worlds.
performing "Seven Seas of Rhye. as well as vaudevillian music hall. Queen became one of the most popular bands in the world in the mid-'70s. the band played Top of the Pops. That would have been impossible without Mercury. and they began rehearsing. the British quartet delved deeply into camp and bombast. On the strength of their campily dramatic performances. they sold in enormous numbers. Tim Staffell. And while those records were never praised. in 1971. the group embarked on its first American tour. setting the stage for Queen II to reach number five. The origins of Queen lay in the hard rock psychedelic group Smile. But vocalist Freddie Mercury brought an extravagant sense of camp to the band. For years.it was truly bizarre to hear gay anthems like "We Are the Champions" turn into celebrations of sports victories. the group retained a fanatical following except in America. Embracing the exaggerated pomp of prog rock and heavy metal. from their very name to their veiled lyrics -. as epitomized on their best-known song.Queen Few bands embodied the pure excess of the '70s like Queen. just as they finished nearly a decade's worth of extraordinarily popular records. playing just a handful of gigs. mock-operatic sound with layered guitars and overdubbed vocals. bassist John Deacon joined them." In spite of such harsh criticism. which guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor joined in 1967. they simply rehearsed. releasing the Roy Thomas Baker-produced Queen that year and setting out on their first tour. the band's popularity rarely waned. their albums boasted the motto "no synthesizers were used on this record. the album climbed to number 43 ." Mercury. Queen were never taken seriously by rock critics -. as all four members completed college. it must be said. "Bohemian Rhapsody. By 1973. in England. they remained second only to the Beatles in popularity and collectibility in the '90s. pushing them toward kitschy humor and pseudo-classical arrangements. Nevertheless. Queen was more or less a straight metal album and failed to receive much acclaim. Following the departure of Smile's lead vocalist. supporting Mott the Hoople. Following its release. creating a huge. even in the late '80s. Despite their enormous popularity. from Metallica to Smashing Pumpkins." signaling their allegiance with the legions of post-Led Zeppelin hard rock bands. Queen's music was a bizarre yet highly accessible fusion of the macho and the fey. May and Taylor formed a group with Freddie Mercury. In the States. his sexuality was apparent throughout Queen's music. Within a few months. Through his legendary theatrical performances. one of the most dynamic and charismatic frontmen in rock history. the former lead singer for Wreckage. their popularity peaked in the early '80s.an infamous Rolling Stone review labeled their 1979 album Jazz as "fascist. and the single rocketed into the Top Ten. Before its release. Over the next two years. was a flamboyant bisexual who managed to keep his sexuality in the closet until his death from AIDS in 1991. and traces of Queen's music could be heard in several generations of hard rock and metal bands in the next two decades. they had begun to concentrate on their career. but Queen II became an unexpected British breakthrough early in 1974." Both the song and the performance were a smash success.
in 1980. breaking the record for the longest run at number one." Queen shot one of the first conceptual music videos. The following year. Nevertheless." News of the World became a Top Ten hit in 1977." became Queen's signature song. Their parties and indulgence quickly became legend in the rock world. and they quickly took advantage of all their status had to offer. Queen were at the height of their popularity as they entered the '80s. and number five in the U. Sheer Heart Attack made some inroads in America as well. they performed a free concert at London's Hyde Park that broke attendance records. and there were so many vocal overdubs on the record that it was possible see through the tape at certain points. On the strength of two number one singles -the campy rockabilly "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" and the disco-fied "Another One Bites the Dust" -.their first U. the public continued to buy Queen records. and the gamble paid off as the single spent nine weeks at number one in the England. Queen were established as superstars. The first single from the record. yet the band continued to work at a rapid rate.K. Queen labored long and hard over the record.. setting the stage for the breakthrough of 1975's A Night at the Opera. Queen released their third album. especially when they came to represent all of the worst tendencies of the old guard in the wake of punk.K. Queen were able to successfully compete with new wave with the 1981 hit single "Under Pressure" -. Instead of proving the group's vitality.K. it encapsulates their music.which was included both on their 1981 Greatest Hits and 1982's Hot Space.S. mock-operatic structure punctuated by heavy metal riffing. Because Queen embraced such mass success and adoration. as each of their albums went into the Top Ten. Jazz nearly replicated that success. "Under Pressure" was a last . and with its bombastic. They continued to pile up hit singles in both Britain and America over the next five years. they were scorned by the rock press. charts. "Bohemian Rhapsody. before the end of 1974. However. taking the album to number two as well. with the single "Fat Bottomed Girls"/"Bicycle Race" becoming an international hit despite the massive bad publicity surrounding their media stunt of staging a nude female bicycle race. The music hall meets Zeppelin "Killer Queen" climbed to number two on the U.The Game became the group's first American number one album. their most diverse album to date. as the album climbed into the Top Ten and quickly went platinum. It was followed by A Day at the Races.the song took three weeks to record.S. according to many reports. shortly afterward. Their largely instrumental soundtrack to Flash Gordon was coldly received later in 1980. which was essentially a scaled-down version of A Night at the Opera that reached number one in the U. always going gold and usually platinum in the process. In the summer of 1976. The song and A Night at the Opera were equally successful in America.in the States. releasing The Game. number one since "Bohemian Rhapsody" -. With the help of David Bowie. Following A Night at the Opera. Sheer Heart Attack. Featuring the Top Five double-A-sided single "We Are the Champions"/"We Will Rock You. it was the most expensive rock record ever made at the time of its release. and they released the hit single "Somebody to Love" a few months later. particularly in the U. To support "Bohemian Rhapsody. the bottom fell out of the group's popularity. It also is the symbol for their musical excesses -.
followed by an American release one month later. Crown Jewels. they released A Kind of Magic to strong European sales. they returned to popularity in Britain in the wake of their show-stopping performance at Live Aid. Elton John. Released under the "Queen + Paul Rodgers" tag. ten years after the release of his first record. charts at number one. and the more rock-oriented The Works (1984) also was a minor hit. in the wake of its appearance in the Mike Myers comedy Wayne's World. a box set repackaging their first eight LPs. was released in 1995 to mixed reviews and strong sales.K. Reception was decidedly mixed." which climbed to number two in the U. with only "Radio Ga Ga" receiving much attention. entering the U. but they failed to make headway in the States. the former lead singer of Free and Bad Company. Made in Heaven. Rodgers. and Africa. which he had been playing with since 1987. Roger Taylor cut a few records with the Cross. and number one in the U. it still was a far bigger success in Europe.K. Queen began touring foreign markets. Back to the Light. Def Leppard. In 1985. Following Mercury's death. Hot Space was only a moderate hit. Main Albums: . particularly in Europe. Nevertheless. yet 1991's Innuendo was greeted more favorably. which was established for AIDS awareness. Queen had drastically scaled back their activity. The three reunited in 1994 to record backing tapes for vocal tracks Mercury recorded on his death bed. continents that most rock groups ignored. and waning popularity in Britain. a double-disc release issued by the Hollywood label. in 1993. The same fate befell 1989's The Miracle. Brian May released his second solo album. one of which was documented on 2005's Return of the Champions. The following year. Annie Lennox. he issued a statement confirming that he was stricken with AIDS. dedicated fan base in Latin America. Featuring such guest artists as David Bowie. The concert coincided with a revival of interest in "Bohemian Rhapsody. the remaining members of Queen were fairly quiet.gasp.S. the concert raised millions for the Mercury Phoenix Trust. followed in 1998. The resulting album. DVDs. Faced with their decreased popularity in the U. they left Elektra and signed with Capitol. cultivating a large. The Cosmos Rocks appeared in September 2008. By 1991.S. joined Brian May and Roger Taylor (John Deacon remained retired) for several live shows.S. and Guns N' Roses. he died the next day. Asia. On November 23. The Queen name was revived in 2005. as did a new studio album featuring Rodgers' vocals. going gold and peaking at number 30 in the U. the remaining members of Queen held a memorial concert at Wembley Stadium that was broadcast to an international audience of more than one billion. while Deacon essentially retired. Archival live recordings. International touring continued. and compilations kept appearing through the new millennium. causing many rumors to circulate about Freddie Mercury's health. Shortly afterward. The following spring. but this time with "+ Paul Rodgers" appended to it.
Though most of its members came from outside California. At the end of the 20th century. the Eagles were among the most successful recording artists of the 1970s. in their later work.Their Greatest Hits (1971-1975) and Hotel California -.ranked among the ten best-selling albums ever.and folk-tinged sound that initially found favor in Los Angeles during the late '60s. two of those albums -. who scored a Top Five hit with "Expressway to Your Heart" in 1967) and later renamed .1973 Queen 1974 Queen II 1974 Sheer Heart Attack 1975 A Night at the Opera 1976 A Day at the Races [Japan Version] 1977 News of the World 1978 Jazz 1979 Live Killers 1980 The Game 1981 Flash Gordon 1982 Hot Space 1984 The Works 1986 A Kind of Magic 1986 Live Magic 1989 The Miracle 1991 Innuendo 1995 Made in Heaven 2005 Return of the Champions [live] 2008 In Vision 2 2008 The Cosmos Rocks The Eagles With five number one singles. which helped inspire the Eagles' reunion in the mid-'90s. NE. and the popularity of 2007's Long Road Out of Eden proved the Eagles' staying power in the new millenium. on March 8. and four number one albums. the Eagles achieved a perennial appeal among generations of music fans who continued to buy their records many years after they had split up. But the band also drew upon traditional rock & roll styles and. helped define the broadly popular rock sound that became known as classic rock. in 1964 as part of a band originally called the Soul Survivors (not to be confused with the East Coast-based Soul Survivors. fourteen Top 40 hits.A. the group was closely identified with a country. The band was formed by four Los Angeles-based musicians who had migrated to the West Coast from other parts of the country. As a result. as championed by such bands as the Flying Burrito Brothers and Poco (both of which contributed members to the Eagles). Singer/bassist Randy Meisner (born in Scottsbluff. 1946) moved to L.
It went gold and reached the Top Ten in June. He became a founding member of Poco in 1968. He formed the duo Longbranch Pennywhistle with J. however. the band decided to hire Walsh's producer." which was released as a single in November. 1947) arrived in L. It was released in June. Asylum Records. Eagles. which released their self-titled album in 1969. the backup group for Rick Nelson. soon after. who handled the rest of the sessions for On the Border. Finally. They did. Souther. and Meisner signed with manager David Geffen. Singer/drummer Don Henley (born in Gilmer. they adopted the name the Eagles.was "The Best of My Love. on November 6. though never released as a single."Take It Easy" and "Witchy Woman" -. Don Felder (born in Gainesville. an old friend of Bernie Leadon's who so impressed the rest of the band that he was recruited to join the group. agreeing to record for his soonto-be-launched label. But the most successful song on the LP -. it reached the Top 40 and went gold in a little less than a year and a half. however. Produced by Glyn Johns and released in April 1973. which made one self-titled album for Amos Records before breaking up. Meisner and Leadon also played backup for Ronstadt during her summer tour. MN.and one Top 20 hit. Glenn Frey (born in Detroit. with producer Glyn Johns.A. In February 1972. on July 22. On the Border was released in March 1974. singer/guitarist/banjoist/mandolinist Bernie Leadon (born in Minneapolis. TX. Meanwhile. 1947). Henley. The first single. In September 1971. the Eagles again convened a recording session with Glyn Johns for their third album. a concept album about outlaws. Frey. Desperado.D. reaching the Top 20 and going gold in a little over a year and a half on the strength of two Top Ten hits -. on September 21. 1948) performed in his hometown and served as a backup musician for Bob Seger before moving to L." After an early 1974 tour opened by singer/guitarist Joe Walsh. "Peaceful Easy Feeling. Leadon. FL." The Eagles toured as an opening act throughout 1972 and into early 1973. spawning the Top 40 single "Tequila Sunrise" in the process. in the summer of 1968. though the four only did one gig together: a July show at Disneyland. Frey and Henley were hired to play in Linda Ronstadt's backup band.the Poor. on July 19. in June 1970 with his band Shiloh. later joining Dillard & Clark and then the Flying Burrito Brothers." reached the Top 20 the same month. Their desire to make harder rock music clashed with Johns' sense of them as a country-rock band.A. Bill Szymczyk. Szymczyk brought in a session guitarist. 1947) moved to L. when they returned to England to record their second LP. "Already Gone. In the spring of 1971. Linda Ronstadt. After touring to support Desperado's release. in 1967 as a member of Hearts and Flowers. but left the band prior to the release of its debut album in order to join the Stone Canyon Band. The title track. and the two musicians signed to Amos Records. MI. the Eagles' fastest-selling album yet. and they split from the producer after recording two tracks. they flew to England and spent two weeks recording their debut album. all appear on Ronstadt's next album.the one that broke them through to a much larger audience -. It hit number one on the easy listening charts in .A. "You Never Cry Like a Lover" and "The Best of My Love. became one of the band's better-known songs and was included on the Eagles' first hits collection.
The group went on a headlining world tour. But on December 20." its lead-off single. "Hotel California" won the 1977 Grammy for Record of the Year and was nominated for Song of the Year. then returned to the U. the album itself was nominated for Album of the Year and for Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo. The Eagles began working on a new album in March 1978 and took nearly a year and a half to complete it. Moreover. The Long Run was released in September 1979. November 20. The Eagles' extensive touring kept them out of the studio. The Eagles toured the U. and expanding into Europe.) Released in November 1980. "Heartache Tonight" won the 1979 Grammy for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. hit number one. and "I Can't Tell You Why" and "The Long Run" became Top Ten hits. formerly of Poco. The Eagles' fourth album.. with the single "Seven Bridges Road" reaching the Top 40. the record was certified platinum in one week. Meanwhile. 1947). The singles "New Kid in Town" and "Hotel California" hit number one. or Chorus. it went gold the same month and hit number one in July. it featured three singles that hit the Top Five: the chart-topping title song. The album's success proved to be surprisingly meteoric. 1947) was brought in as his replacement. Group. it was announced that Bernie Leadon had quit the band. hit number one in January 1977. Their Greatest Hits (1971-1975).S. eventually earning multi-platinum certifications. (Also included were some tracks recorded in 1976. in May for stadium dates. Schmit (born in Sacramento.S. CA. beginning with the U.February 1975 and topped the pop charts a month later. "Lyin' Eyes." "Lyin' Eyes" won the 1975 Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo. It took the Eagles 18 months to follow One of These Nights with their fifth album." and "Take It to the Limit. and "Life in the Fast Lane" made the Top 20. KS. It hit number one and was certified platinum after four months. and with no immediate plans for a new album. and Joe Walsh (born in Wichita. Group. he was replaced by Timothy B. on November 20. and eventually sold over 10. eventually selling upwards of 25. At the end of the tour in September. followed by a month in Europe and the Far East. they recorded Eagles Live. Released in December 1976. The Eagles embarked on a world tour in March 1977 that began with a month in the U. in which he also had replaced Meisner. Released in June 1975. in 1980. He immediately joined the tour.000. and at a week-long series of shows at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium. or Chorus. Randy Meisner left the band. which continued to the Far East in early 1976. was an out-of-the-box smash. "Heartache Tonight. they agreed to release a compilation. It topped the charts and became a phenomenal success.000 copies and dueling with Michael Jackson's Thriller for the title of the best-selling album of all time in the U.S. .000.S. and the Eagles also earned Grammy nominations for Album of the Year (One of These Nights) and Record of the Year ("Lyin' Eyes"). in February 1976. the double LP (since reissued as a single CD) reached the Top Five and went multi-platinum. Hotel California. 1975. One of These Nights.S.000 copies.
" The Eagles next appeared together in January 1998 for their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. maintained a solo career before. (Walsh. but did not take place. during. but they declined. they played a millennium concert at the Staples Center in Los Angeles that was recorded and included on the box set retrospective Selected Works: 1972-1999 in November 2000. the album Hell Freezes Over. when the five present members performed alongside past members Leadon and Meisner. The MTV show aired in October. and Felder was expelled from the lineup in February 2001. and they performed along with Schmit and Walsh at benefit concerts that spring. but their breakup was not officially announced until May 1982. however. Frey and Henley began writing together again. On December 31. In 1990. 1999. that same year. the Eagles did reunite.) During the rest of the 1980s. A protracted legal battle ensued as the Eagles soldiered on as a quartet. Long Road Out of Eden. which topped the charts and became a multi-million seller. followed in November by an audio version of it. spawning the Top 40 pop hit "Get Over It" and the number one adult contemporary hit "Love Will Keep Us Alive. they taped an MTV concert special and then launched a tour that ended up running through August 1996. In the spring of 1994. of course. the bandmembers received several lucrative offers to reunite. releasing The Very Best of the Eagles in 2003 and achieving minor success with the single "Hole in the World. however.The Eagles were inactive after the end of their 1980 tour. All five released solo recordings. Four years later." Felder's case was settled out of court in 2007. and after the Eagles. All was not well within the band. Main Albums: 1972 Eagles 1973 Desperado 1974 On the Border 1975 One of These Nights 1976 Hotel California 1979 The Long Run 1980 Eagles Live 1994 Hell Freezes Over 2007 Long Road Out of Eden 2009 New Zealand Concert [live] Metallica . a double-disc album that quickly went multi-platinum. A full-scale reunion was rumored. the Eagles returned with the band's seventh studio album.
1996's Load. The album moved the band toward alternative rock in terms of image -. No other heavy metal band has ever been able to pull off such a feat. bringing new complexity and depth to thrash metal. When the band decided to continue. Burton died in the accident. Aggressively targeting copyright infringement of their own material. To complete the package. To support the record. respected not only by headbangers. which combined new material with songs left off of the original Load record. a self-titled effort that found the band trading in their long compositions for more concise song structures. but to enhance their intricately structured compositions. and Metallica continued their flood of product with 1999's S&M. certain members of their fanbase complained about the shift in image. the band's playing and writing improved. After releasing their masterpiece Master of Puppets in 1986. Metallica launched a long tour that kept the musicians on the road for nearly two years. including "Fuel" and "The Memory Remains. Metallica had changed the rules for all heavy metal bands. the band released the conceptually ambitious . and newly recorded covers. using speed and volume not for their own sake. It debuted at number two. while lead guitarist Kirk Hammett became one of the most copied guitarists in metal. it resulted in a number one album that sold over seven million copies in the U. the band notoriously had over 300. two years later. The band's take on Bob Seger's "Turn the Page" helped maintain their presence in the charts. Metallica spent most of 2000 embroiled in controversy by spearheading a legal assault against Napster. By the '90s. but by mainstream record buyers and critics. Jason Newsted was chosen to replace Burton. appeared in 1997.. The release of 1983's Kill 'Em All marked the beginning of the legitimization of heavy metal's underground. they were the leaders of the genre.they cut their hair and had their picture taken by Anton Corbijn.. reconfirming the group's immense popularity. rarities. Re-Load. James Hetfield developed a signature rhythm playing that matched his growl. as well as the group's decision to headline the sixth Lollapalooza.000 users kicked off the service. followed in 1998. despite poor reviews. alone. a file-sharing service that allowed users to download music files from each other's computers. the bandmates looked and talked like they were from the street. tragedy struck the band when their tour bus crashed while traveling in Sweden. Although the album was a hit upon its summer release. Peppered with hits like "Wherever I May Roam" and "Enter Sandman". Lars Ulrich's thunderous (yet complex) drumming clicked in perfectly with Cliff Burton's innovative bass playing.Metallica was easily the best." Garage Inc. But Metallica completely crossed over into the mainstream with 1991's Metallica. a double-disc collection of B-sides. which documented a live concert with the San Francisco Symphony. it sold at a typically brisk pace and spun off several successful singles. the group lost a portion of their core audience with their long-awaited followup to Metallica. creating a . Metallica also expanded the limits of thrash.. With each album. which hit the Top Ten without any radio play and very little support from MTV. entering the charts at number one and selling three million copies within two months. shunning the usual rockstar games of metal musicians during the early '80s. However.S. Responsible for bringing the genre back to Earth. most influential heavy metal band of the '80s.And Justice for All.
which saw theatrical release in 2004. while Kirk Hammett (who was forbidden to play guitar solos on St. Anger were captured in the celebrated documentary Some Kind of Monster. an energized album that returned the band to its early-'80s roots. and Ulrich entered the recording studio to begin work on their next album.. perhaps sensing that their controversial stance did more bad than good to their "band of the people" image. having replaced the band's longtime producer Bob Rock. which was later released in mid-2003. Four years later. with producer Bob Rock lined up to handle bass duties for the sessions (meanwhile.And Justice for All 1991 Metallica 1996 Load 1997 Reload 1999 S&M [live] 2000 No Leaf Clover 2003 St. In July. In January 2001. Main Albums: 1983 Kill 'Em All 1984 Ride the Lightning 1986 Master of Puppets 1988 . rumors swirled of former Ozzy Osbourne/Alice in Chains bassist Mike Inez being considered for the vacated position).. Anger) peppered the record with metallic riffs and frenetic solos. Hammett. Shortly after the band appeared at the ESPN awards in April of the same year. The growing pains that the band experienced during the recording of St. the band returned with Death Magnetic. He completed treatment and rejoined the band as they headed back into the studio in 2002 to record St. The recording of St. Anger. That same summer.widespread debate over the availability of digital music that raged for most of the year. After a long audition process. Anger 2008 Death Magnetic 2010 Devil's Dance: Live in Lisbon 2008 U2 . Metallica surprisingly dropped their lawsuit against Napster. former Ozzy Osbourne/Suicidal Tendencies bass player Robert Trujillo was selected and joined Metallica for their 2003/2004 world tour. bassist Jason Newsted announced his amicable departure from the band. the band's recording sessions (and all other band-related matters) were put on hold as Hetfield entered an undisclosed rehab facility for alcoholism and other addictions. Hetfield. Former Slayer producer Rick Rubin helmed the album. Anger was capped with the search for a permanent replacement for Newstead.
The Edge provided the group with a signature sound by creating sweeping sonic landscapes with his heavily processed. U2 released their debut EP. giving the band a forceful. 1961. echoed guitars. Jr. and Adam Clayton played the songs as driving hard rock. dance-inflected pop/rock act. where it topped the national charts. but they failed to gain much attention away from home. and the teenagers banded together as Beatles and Stones cover band called the Feedback. By the end of the year. The EP was available only in Ireland. U2 became one of the most popular rock & roll bands of the '80s. the band confirmed its status as one of the most popular bands in rock history. Even with a powerful manager in their corner. During the course of the early '80s. they began to play in England. Though the Edge's style wasn't conventional. the Edge (born David Evans.Through a combination of zealous righteousness and post-punk experimentalism. By 1987. Shortly afterward. during the members' final year of high school. Dick Evans left the band to form the Virgin Prunes. With its textured guitars. self-consciously ironic. And their lead singer. the band had trouble making much headway. vocals). posted a notice on a high-school bulletin board asking for fellow musicians to form a band. . before punk had even reached their hometown of Dublin. It's no accident that footage of Bono parading with a white flag with "Sunday Bloody Sunday" blaring in the background became the defining moment of U2's early career -. and there rarely was a band that didn't care if they appeared foolish in the process. 1960. and the group changed names once again. By performing such a successful reinvention. this time adopting the moniker of U2.there rarely was a band that believed so deeply in rock's potential for revolution as U2. Shortly afterward. U2 Three. powerful edge that was designed for arenas. equally known for their sweeping sound as for their grandiose statements about politics and religion. U2 were able to sustain such popularity in the '90s by reinventing themselves as a postmodern. vocals). Ireland. the rhythm section of Larry Mullen. Bono (born Paul Hewson. Larry Mullen. Unlike many of their contemporaries. Paul McGuinness. August 8. guitar. the band's following had grown large enough to propel them to the level of international superstardom with the release of The Joshua Tree. (born October 31. the Stranglers' manager. in addition to earning additional critical respect. bass). They were rock & roll crusaders during an era of synthesized pop and heavy metal. and Dick Evans responded to the ad. had seen the band play and offered to manage them. In the fall of 1979. Jr. was a frontman with a knack of grand gestures that played better in stadiums than small clubs. 1960. 1961. when they won a talent contest sponsored by Guinness. Bono. the group quickly built up a dedicated following through constant touring and a string of acclaimed records. keyboards. May 10. U2's first big break arrived in 1978. They then changed their name to the Hype in 1977. so it's slightly ironic that the band formed in 1976. U2's sound was undeniably indebted to post-punk. drums). and they failed an audition with CBS Records at the end of the year. Adam Clayton (born March 13. owing equally to the experimentalism of late-'70s Bowie and '90s electronic dance and techno.
Boy.K. Through constant touring. Greeted with enthusiastic reviews. also produced by Lillywhite. the Lillywhite-produced War became U2's breakthrough release." The Joshua Tree and the group's supporting tour became the biggest success story of 1987. War had a stronger political message than its predecessors. the record and film received the . reaching number 11 on the charts.K. "Another Day. and their righteous political stance soon became replicated by many other bands. charts at number two.S. providing the impetus for the Band Aid and Live Aid projects in 1984 and 1985. Released in the spring of 1983.U2 scored one more chart-topping single. U2 was able to take Boy into the American Top 70 in early 1981.S. respectively. the band's full-length debut. entering the U. it set a record by going platinum within 28 hours. was released. The album also generated the group's first Top 40 hit in America with "(Pride) In the Name of Love. as evidenced by the international hits "Sunday Bloody Sunday" and "New Year's Day. October. The Unforgettable Fire replicated the chart status of War. Following the tour. U2 supported the album with a successful international tour.K. a film that was supported by a double-album soundtrack that was divided between live tracks and new material. earning U2 the cover of respected publications like Time magazine. they didn't truly become superstars until the spring 1987 release of The Joshua Tree. releasing the show as an EP and video titled Under a Blood Red Sky. atmospheric but edgy sound was unlike most of its post-punk contemporaries. The Joshua Tree became the band's first American number one hit and their third straight album to enter the U. Produced by Steve Lillywhite. the band released the live EP Wide Awake in America in 1985. By early 1983. The EP entered in the U. recording new material along the way. becoming the most successful live recording in British history. entering the U. and it became their British breakthrough. gave the group a formidable cult following in the U. atmospheric tone. the band filmed its concert at Colorado's Red Rocks Amphitheater. which. the record's sweeping.K. Later that year. charts at number one and elevating them into arenas in the United States. followed in the fall. U2 had become one of the most popular bands in the world. U2 entered the studios with co-producers Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois. Boy's "I Will Follow" and October's "Gloria" had become staples on MTV." in early 1980 before Island Records offered the group a contract. U2 decided to film a documentary about their American tour. While the album Rattle & Hum was a hit. who helped give the resulting album an experimental. many of which proclaimed the album a masterpiece. including opening gigs for Talking Heads. number one hits "With or Without You" and "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For." a tribute to Martin Luther King. Generating the U. and the band earned further attention for its public embrace of Christianity. While U2 had become one of the most successful rock bands of the '80s. For the follow-up to War. charts at number one and reaching number 12 in the U. Jr. highlighted by a show-stealing performance at Live Aid. The project became Rattle & Hum. in England. where the album peaked at number 12." During the supporting tour. along with their touring. Released in the fall of 1984. charts at number one.S. only Clayton was not a practicing Christian.
Upon the completion of the Zooropa tour in late 1993. U2 delved into electronic and dance music with Achtung Baby. During its delay. which dominated the remainder of the tour." a glam rock theme to Batman Forever that was produced by Nellee Hooper (Björk.weakest reviews of U2's career. the album stalled at sales of two million and failed to generate a big hit single. Demand for the album lessened in the following months..) were unhappy with the Passengers project. would be a rock & roll record. Soul II Soul). Kiss Me. U2 reconvened in Berlin in 1990 to record a new album with Eno and Lanois. and it became clear that the new album was going to be heavily influenced by techno. which was a knowing send-up of rock stardom. the group launched an elaborate tour to support Achtung Baby. dance. and it didn't alienate their core audience. Where they had been inspired by post-punk in the early career and American music during their mid-career. including the forthcoming first single "Discotheque. the Fly metamorphosed into the demonic MacPhisto. and folk. During the subsequent Zooropa tour. to be released in the fall of 1996. U2 entered the studio to complete an EP of new material that soon became the full-length Zooropa. Achtung Baby. it was evident that U2 were looser and more fun than ever before. Vol. and cellular phones. During 1995." Early in 1992. Even under the ironic guise of the Fly and Zoo TV. the band took another extended break. releasing the record under the name the Passengers late in 1995. they recorded the collaborative album Original Soundtracks. Following the completion of the American Zoo TV tour in late 1992 and preceding the launch of the tour's European leg. 1 with Brian Eno. and U2 promised their next album. and electronic music. and Pop ultimately became the band's least popular album in over a decade.K. represented a successful reinvention of the band's trademark sound. Jr. ultimately being pushed back to the spring of 1997. Zooropa demonstrated a heavier techno and dance influence than Achtung Baby and received strong reviews. When it was finally released. Following the release of Rattle & Hum. The album took longer to complete than usual. Bono devised an alter ego called the Fly. both critically and commercially. Kill Me. suspended cars. Many hardcore U2 fans (including drummer Larry Mullen. Nevertheless. While the sessions for the album were difficult. Later that year. In . soul. the tour was an innovative blend of multimedia electronics. Dubbed Zoo TV." were leaked. featuring a stage filled with televisions. The album debuted at number one throughout the world and spawned Top Ten hits with "Mysterious Ways" and "One. even though they had not abandoned their trademark righteous political anger. Inspired equally by late-'70s Bowie and the Madchester scene in the U. It was greeted with a muted reception. with many critics taking issue with the group's fascination with American roots music like blues. a few tracks. country. Pop did indeed bear a heavier dance influence. however. Thrill Me. U2 re-emerged with "Hold Me. the band took an extended hiatus. Achtung Baby was sonically more eclectic and adventurous than U2's earlier work. Released in the summer of 1993 to coincide with the tour of the same name. but it was greeted with strong initial sales and a few positive reviews. the resulting record.
returned to the helm for U2's next record.late 1998. Daniel Lanois. Two songs from those sessions appeared on the compilation U218 Singles. and outdoor stadium shows abroad. selling out arena venues in the U. Main Albums: 1980 1981 1983 1983 1984 1987 1988 1991 1993 Boy October War Under a Blood Red Sky [live] The Unforgettable Fire The Joshua Tree Rattle and Hum Achtung Baby Zooropa . its gross of $389 million had made it the second most successful tour ever. How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb. October. No Line on the Horizon was met with enthusiastic reviews but failed to yield a big radio single. it hit the top of the Billboard charts and quickly gained platinum status. and Song of the Year (for "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own. earned Grammy Awards for the singles "Beautiful Day" and "Walk On. by the time the entire tour concluded in late 2006. It topped charts around the world. and Steve Lillywhite." and became the band's biggest-selling record in years. and War. Three years after the mediocre response to Pop. The band then turned to longtime friends Brian Eno. even so. the band embarked on another lucrative tour that summer. producer of the early-'80s landmarks Boy. Entitled No Line on the Horizon." originally released as B-side in 1987. the group returned with Best of 1980-1990. including Album of the Year. with a second leg planned for 2010. The album also garnered eight Grammy Awards. U2 were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in early 2005 and launched an international tour soon after. although the release date was ultimately pushed back to March 2009. (The Elevation tour that followed also brought U2 a hefty paycheck. which charted well in multiple countries. reached number three in America.) Steve Lillywhite. Included in the comprehensive track list was a remixed version of "Sweetest Thing. melding the band's classic sound with contemporary trends. Released in November 2004." which Bono had written for his father). U2 returned to the drawing board in 2006 by partnering with veteran rock producer Rick Rubin. but the remaining material was ultimately scrapped. the first in a series of hits collections issued in conjunction with a reported 50 million dollar agreement with Polygram.S. Rock Album of the Year. The album was heralded as a return to form. the album was originally slated to appear in October 2008. U2 teamed up with Eno and Lanois once again to release All That You Can't Leave Behind in fall 2000. The Vertigo Tour became the highest-grossing tour of 2005. all of whom helped shape the sound of U2's 12th studio effort.
All three members were considerably more technically proficient than the average punk or new wave band. And Sting. before he moved to England and joined the progressive rock band Curved Air. with his high. The single was a sizable hit for an independent release. The Police signed with A&M by the spring of 1978. the band released its first single. they were hired to appear as a bleached-blonde punk band in a chewing gum commercial. As their career progressed. The trio's nervous. on the side. committing to a contract that gave the group a higher royalty rate in lieu of a large advance. a veteran of the British Invasion. For the first few months. and by 1983. The Police set out on a tour of America in the summer of 1978 without any record to support. it drew the scorn of genuine punkers. Though they were at the height of their fame. the Kevin Ayers Band. experimenting with jazz and various world musics. Late in 1977. interlocking waves of sounds and effects. the Police were punk rock. Padovani was replaced by Andy Summers. but it wasn't necessarily punk. While the commercial provided exposure." Summers had previous played with Eric Burdon's second lineup of the Animals. had attended college in California. Sting was a teacher and a ditch digger who played in jazz-rock bands. including Last Exit. but that's only in the loosest sense of the term. the Police certainly demonstrated that the punk spirit could have a future in pop music. Stewart Copeland and Sting (born Gordon Sumner) formed the Police in 1977. the son of a CIA agent. following the release of "Fall Out. but it failed to chart. Andy Summers had a precise guitar attack that created dense. .1997 2000 2004 2009 Pop All That You Can't Leave Behind How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb No Line on the Horizon The Police Nominally. was capable of constructing infectiously catchy pop songs. All the while. the group played local London pubs. Stewart Copeland could play polyrhythms effortlessly. the band's tight delivery and mastery of the pop single kept their audience increasing. they were the most popular rock & roll band in the world. While they weren't punk. Released in the fall of 1978. Prior to the band's formation. and Neil Sedaka. with Sting picking up the majority of the band's audience to become an international superstar. "Fall Out. Soon. the Police grew considerably more adventurous. The two musicians met at a local jazz club and decided to form a progressive pop band with guitarist Henri Padovani. an independent label Stewart Copeland founded with his brother Miles. traveling across the country in a rented van and playing with rented equipment. who was also the manager of the Police. the Zoot Money's Big Roll Band." on IRS. keening voice. A&M released "Roxanne" in the spring of 1978. Copeland. Outlandos d'Amour began a slow climb into the British Top Ten and American Top 30.000 copies. reggae-injected pop/rock was punky. internal tensions caused the band to splinter apart in 1984. selling about 70.
Following its release. in England. the Police were able to sell out Madison Square Garden. During the Synchronicity tour. tour supporting Alberto y los Trios Paranoias and released the "So Lonely" single. topping the U. The sessions.K. following the number ten placing of "De Do Do Do. released in the fall of 1980. Greece." from the soundtrack.S.Immediately after its release. charts..S. reaching number one in the U.S. In the summer of 1979. Capitalizing on their success. record-breaking world tour that set precedents for tours for the remainder of the '80s. each member pursued side projects during the course of the year.K.S. as "Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic" became their biggest hit to date. and Canada.K. Ghost in the Machine. By the spring of 1979. which entered the U. India. Festival. became the Police's North American breakthrough. I Advance Masked." the album's first single. with Robert Fripp. it spent four weeks at the top of the U. the album spent four weeks at number one. and number two in the U." Reggatta de Blanc (fall 1979) established the group as stars in England and Europe. the band returned to the studio in the summer of 1981 to record their fourth album with producer Hugh Padgham. were completed within a couple months. the band announced they were going on "sabbatical" in order to pursue outside interests. "Don't Stand So Close to Me. The Police never returned from sabbatical.S. and released an album under the name Klark Kent. the band took a break in 1982. reaching the Top Ten in the U. a British film based on the Who album of the same name. "Every Breath You Take" became one of the biggest American hits of all time. Synchronicity became a blockbuster success on the strength of the ballad "Every Breath You Take. "King of Pain" and "Wrapped Around Your Finger" became hits over the course of 1983. the re-released "Roxanne" had climbed to number 12 on the U. personal and creative tensions between the bandmembers had escalated greatly. he also played on several sessions for Peter Gabriel. and they had no desire .K." Spending eight weeks at the top of the U. De Da Da Da" in the winter. including Thailand. Sting acted in Brimstone and Treacle. and the album. where it would stay for 17 weeks. releasing a solo single. Summers recorded an instrumental album. and Egypt. Sting appeared in Quadrophenia.K. sending Synchronicity to multi-platinum status in America and Britain. Though they played their first arena concerts and headlined the U. Following their whirlwind success of 1980 and 1981. "Spread a Little Happiness. charts for four weeks. The Police returned in the summer of 1983 with Synchronicity. charts. appeared in the fall of 1981.K. Preceded by the number one British single "Message in a Bottle. later that year. Copeland scored Francis Ford Coppola's Rumble Fish. in which they were named the Best British Group at the first Brit Awards and won three Grammys. The Police supported the album with a blockbuster. the song became a British hit. Miles Copeland had the band tour several countries that rarely received concerts from foreign performers. By the beginning of 1981. he acted in Radio On.K. the group began a U. taking Outlandos d'Amour to number six. Ghost in the Machine became an instant hit. charts. as well as the San Francisco Ballet's King Lear. Mexico. became the group's second number one single in the U. which were filmed for a BBC documentary hosted by Jools Holland. in America.. the single became their second Top Ten hit in the spring of 1981. Zenyatta Mondatta. charts at number one and quickly climbed to the same position in the U. Once the tour was completed.
it was announced that the Police would indeed be embarking on a world tour. the Police made a few attempts to reunite. Amid the hoopla.but still no signs of a full-blown reunion. on his 2004 album A Croire Que C'Etait Pour la Vie. it became apparent that Sting had no intention of giving the band his new songs to record.K. but again. where Copeland and Sting appeared on one track together -. playing an Amnesty International concert and attempting to record a handful of new tracks for a greatest-hits album in the summer. Sting released his autobiography. but 1992 found Summers taking the helm as musical director for Dennis Miller's late-night show and Sting taking his vows with Trudie Styler. had joined the ranks. A few more quiet years passed. the three Policemen hopped on-stage for a very impromptu set. Featuring a new version of "Don't Stand So Close to Me." the compilation Every Breath You Take: The Singles was released for the 1986 Christmas season. Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out. then. Odd side projects and collaborations with other musicians continued. As the studio session unraveled.to work together for a while. but the real Police news came in conjunction with another seemingly one-off reunion gig -. and Summers' autobiography. 2007. releasing The Dream of the Blue Turtles in 1985. dismissed any rumors of an official Police reunion in the future.Summers continued his art rock and jazz fusion experiments. the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted the group into its pantheon. Copeland recorded the worldbeat exploration The Rhythmatist in 1985. and continued to compose scores for film and television.which didn't officially begin until the release of 1987's XYZ -. and by 2006 Copeland's documentary. Broken Music. just as quickly. becoming the group's fifth straight British number one and their fourth American Top Ten. and in 1994 the box set Message in a Box: The Complete Recordings was released.. One Train Later. Then. The band did reorganize enough to perform three tunes at the induction ceremony. in 2003. With his solo career -. he also occasionally collaborated Fripp and John Etheridge. Main Albums 1978 Outlandos d'Amour . Things again went quite on the Police front as the millennium rolled around. That same year a Greatest Hits album was released in the U. in 2003. beginning on May 28. The album became an international hit. he later formed the prog rock band Animal Logic. followed in 1995 by the double album Live. it looked as if that single show was going to be the extent of their collaboration. There was a brief reunion of sorts with original Police guitarist Henri Padovani. but even those were thrown off track after Copeland suffered a polo injury. Sting began working on a jazz-tinged solo project immediately. so the group re-recorded a couple of old songs. During 1986. Copeland and Summers demonstrated no inclination to follow their bandmate's path. establishing him as a commercial force outside of the band. At the wedding. in Vancouver.this time for the 49th Annual Grammy Awards.
The three surviving Doors tried to carry on without him. in fact. Woman. they had exhausted their initial reservoir of compositions. Accused (without much merit) by much of the rock underground as pop sellouts. and some of the tracks they hurriedly devised to meet public demand were clearly inferior to. and imitative of. and their sound was dominated by Manzarek's electric organ work and Morrison's deep. and although their next few albums contained a wealth of first-rate material. the group experimented with brass sections. the Doors managed to turn out a series of successful albums and singles through 1971. The Doors. and Jim Morrison. Blending blues. the group also began running up against the limitations of their recklessly disturbing visions. Morrison was . Woman. one of the most influential and controversial rock bands of the 1960s. He died there.A. but ultimately disbanded. on which they drew upon stone-cold blues for much of their inspiration. Morrison decamped for Paris. the group charged back hard with the final two albums they recorded with Morrison. Morrison explored the depths of the darkest and most thrilling aspects of the psychedelic experience. and pop into sinister but beguiling melodies. their best early work. when. The group never added a bass player. Nevertheless. classical. On The Soft Parade. By their third album. Yet the Doors' music and Morrison's legend continued to fascinate succeeding generations of rock fans: In the mid-'80s. the Doors' focus was the charismatic Morrison. With his rich. Eastern music. apparently of a drug overdose. groundbreaking recordings of the psychedelic era." in 1967. that the Doors were hard-pressed to match it. were formed in Los Angeles in 1965 by UCLA film students Ray Manzarek. an incident that nearly derailed the band. The group signed to Elektra Records in 1966 and released its first album. featuring the hit "Light My Fire.A. sonorous voice. and endures as one of the most exciting. Morrison was arrested for indecent exposure during a concert in Miami. vocals. with mixed results.1979 1980 1981 1983 1995 Reggatta de Blanc Zenyatta Mondatta Ghost in the Machine Synchronicity Live! The Doors The Doors. upon the completion of L. with drummer John Densmore and guitarist Robby Krieger. who proved increasingly unstable over the group's brief career. with which he sang and intoned his highly poetic lyrics. Like "Light My Fire. especially on 1971's L. Their first effort was so stellar. In 1969. keyboards. From the start. the band sounded like no other. chilling vocals and somber poetic visions." the debut album was a massive hit.
Mick Jagger became the prototypical rock frontman. but as soon as they reached popularity in the U. Over the course of their career. Woman 1971 Other Voices 1972 Full Circle The Rolling Stones By the time the Rolling Stones began calling themselves the World's Greatest Rock & Roll Band in the late '60s. blues-soaked hard rock quintet. Main Albums: 1967 The Doors 1967 Strange Days 1968 Waiting for the Sun 1969 The Soft Parade 1970 Absolutely Live 1970 Morrison Hotel 1971 L. Jones was found dead in a swimming pool. tempering his macho showmanship with a detached. and Who into their sound. Backed by the strong yet subtly swinging rhythm section of bassist Bill Wyman and drummer Charlie Watts. It wasn't without difficulty. while publishers have flooded bookstores with Doors and Morrison biographies. The Stones always flirted with the seedy side of rock & roll. of course. and Elektra has sold numerous quantities of the Doors' original albums plus reissues and releases of live material over the years. With his preening machismo and latent maliciousness. the Stones never really abandoned blues. but as the hippie dream began to break apart. the Stones had pioneered the gritty. eclipsing such contemporaries as the Animals and Them. Shortly after he was fired from the group. But the . incorporating the British pop of contemporaries like the Beatles.K. they exposed and reveled in the new rock culture. hard-driving blues-based rock & roll that came to define hard rock. director Oliver Stone made The Doors. they began experimenting musically.. As the self-consciously dangerous alternative to the bouncy Merseybeat of the Beatles in the British Invasion. the Stones became the breakout band of the British blues scene. Kinks. campy irony while Keith Richards and Brian Jones wrote the blueprint for sinewy. a concertgoer was brutally killed during the Stones' show.A. interlocking rhythm guitars. the Stones re-emerged in the late '60s as a jaded. while at a 1969 free concert at Altamont. a feature film about the group starring Val Kilmer as Morrison. they had already staked out an impressive claim on the title.as big a star as he'd been in the mid-'60s. After a brief dalliance with psychedelia. In 1991.
Although Oldham didn't know much about music. Throughout their career. Inc. where he began playing with the Ramrods. pianist Ian Stewart. At the time. they continued to record and perform. the band's lineup had been set. He ran away to Scandinavia when he was 16. Weeks after the concert. Taylor left again and was replaced by Bill Wyman. After the tape was rejected by EMI. he became reacquainted with Blues. who was attending Sidcup Art School with Richards. during this time. the fledgling band recorded a demo tape. For the next 30 years. which now featured drummer Charlie Watts.certainly. Jones quickly decided he wanted to form his own group and advertised for members. The Rolling Stones gave their first performance at the Marquee Club in London on July 12. the group consisted of Jagger. and they soon began playing together with Taylor and Stewart. among those he recruited was the heavyset blues pianist Ian Stewart. drummer Mick Avory.'s lead singer.he would later join the Kinks -. At the pub. eventually making each other's acquaintance again in 1960. Shortly afterward. who had briefly returned to the fold. a Cheltenham native who had dropped out of school to play saxophone and clarinet. he was gifted at . none of their British peers continued to be as popular or productive as the Stones. Taylor left the band to attend the Royal College of Art. and while their records weren't always blockbusters. on occasion. With the assistance of drummer Tony Chapman. when they met through a mutual friend. Jagger was studying at the London School of Economics and playing with Taylor in the blues band Little Boy Blue and the Blue Boys. Inc. He returned to Cheltenham after a few months. As he played with his group. Before Taylor's departure. Richards joined the band. By 1963. Blues Inc. Avory also left the group -. After a few months of persuasion. Jones also moonlighted under the name Elmo Jones at the Ealing Blues Club. Within a year. Richards. vocals) remained at the core of the Rolling Stones. which proved to substantially increase their fan base. By the time he became a fixture on the British blues scene. 1962. The pair initially met as children at Dartford Maypole County Primary School. It also attracted the attention of Andrew Loog Oldham. who became the Stones' manager. he had already fathered two illegitimate children. Jones became friends with Jagger and Richards. Jones. they had met Brian Jones (guitar. who proved to be unsatisfactory. signing them from underneath Crawdaddy's Giorgio Gomelsky.Stones never stopped going. vocals). Jones had already had a wild life. and the Stones began an eight-month residency at the Crawdaddy Club. the group named itself the Rolling Stones. the band recruited Charlie Watts. cameos by Jagger and Richards. and it is impossible to hear any of the groups that followed them without detecting some sort of influence. they were never less than the most visible band of their era -. Inc. to work at an advertising agency once the group's schedule became too hectic. who had quit Blues. Shortly afterward. and.. At the time. And no band since has proven to have such a broad fan base or far-reaching popularity. where he played in Alexis Korner's group. formerly of the Cliftons. whether it was musical or aesthetic. borrowing the moniker from a Muddy Waters song. They drifted apart over the next ten years. Dick Taylor. Mick was elevated to the status of Blues.and the Stones hired Tony Chapman. Mick Jagger (vocals) and Keith Richards (guitar. he moved to London. he would later form the Pretty Things. by that time. and Dick Taylor.
K. "Tell Me (You're Coming Back). culminating in a story about the band urinating in public. Due to Brian Jones' increasingly exotic musical tastes. a number one U.S.would receive more money that away.K. they toured America to riotous crowds." which became their first American Top 40 hit. It was followed by "The Last Time" in early 1965. By that time." Although the Stones had achieved massive popularity. the Stones had decided to respond to the Beatles' increasingly complex albums with their first album of all-original material. Aftermath. the Stones released their eponymous debut album.S.S. recording the Five by Five EP at Chess Records in Chicago in the midst of the tour. which helped the group rocket to popularity in the U. With Oldham's help. Standing in the Shadow?" By 1966. the group released their first original single." "19th Nervous Breakdown. the Stones . hit that began a virtually uninterrupted string of Jagger-Richards hit singles. number one. since they -." The single became a minor hit." and "Have You Seen Your Mother. Oldham decided to push Jagger and Richards into composing their own songs. and the group supported it with appearances on festivals and package tours. a cover of Chuck Berry's "Come On. It stayed at number one for four weeks and began a string of Top Ten singles that ran for the next two years. Still. Driven by a fuzz-guitar riff designed to replicate the sound of a horn section. and that June. bluesy riffs and wry. Before the record was released. In June of 1964. which was followed by "It's All Over Now. Considerably rougher and sexier than the Beatles. the album's release was bookended by two of the most notorious incidents in the band's history. a version of Irma Thomas' "Time Is on My Side" became their first U. the record boasted a wide range of influences. reaching number 48 that spring. By the time it was over." their first U." These eclectic influences continued to blossom on Between the Buttons (1967).K. they released a version of Lennon-McCartney's "I Wanna Be Your Man" that soared into the Top 15. Shortly afterward. the large yet meek Stewart was forced out of the group. "Satisfaction" signaled that Jagger and Richards had come into their own as songwriters. breaking away from their blues roots and developing a signature style of big. the Stones were notorious in their homeland. since his appearance contrasted with the rest of the group. Baby. and had the effect of beginning a manufactured rivalry between them and the Beatles. he became one of their key roadies and played on their albums and tours until his death in 1985. including such classics as "Get off My Cloud. Ironically.promotion. the most pop-oriented album the group ever made. At the end of the year. That summer. the Rolling Stones signed with Decca Records. Black" to the Eastern drones of "I'm Going Home. rebellious band in the minds of the public. from the sitardrenched "Paint It. Stewart didn't disappear from the Stones. they had another number one U. In the spring of 1964. Early in 1964. and he latched upon the idea of fashioning the Stones as the bad-boy opposition to the clean-cut Beatles. "Not Fade Away" became their first American hit. they released a cover of Buddy Holly's "Not Fade Away. All of these stories cemented the Stones as a dangerous. single with Howlin' Wolf's "Little Red Rooster. reaching number 21." which shot to number three. it wasn't until the group released "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" in the summer of 1965 that they were elevated to superstars. sardonic lyrics." "As Tears Go By. they released their debut single. and Top Ten U. the Stones were the subject of numerous sensationalistic articles in the British press. Top Ten. At his insistence.and his publishing company -.
the group broke attendance records.Jones was found dead in his swimming pool. Although it was seen as a return to form. went with the Beatles to meet the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Following Jagger's filming of Ned Kelly in Australia during the first part of 1969. All three were given suspended jail sentences." was a psychedelic pop effort. was finally released in the fall. Throughout the tour -. the Stones hired Hell's Angels as security. Pepper. powerful sound. Let It Bleed. Let It Bleed was comprised of sessions with Jones and Taylor. but it was given a sour note when the group staged a free concert at Altamont Speedway. yet it continued the direction of Beggar's Banquet." on The Ed Sullivan Show. a former guitarist for John Mayall's Bluesbreakers. the Stones' next single." Appropriately. and he contributed only a handful of leads on their next album. Jagger. one marked by ragged music and an increasingly wasted sensibility.performed the suggestive "Let's Spend the Night Together. claiming to be suffering from artistic differences between himself and the rest of the band. The move coincided with their return to driving rock & roll. which happened to coincide with Richards' discovery of open tunings. Throughout the recording of Beggar's Banquet. Jones was on the sidelines due to his deepening drug addiction and his resentment of the dominance of Jagger and Richards. and within three months." the B-side to the medieval ballad "Ruby Tuesday. By the time of his death.less than a month after his departure -." yet his passing was the subject of countless rumors over the next two years. yet it turned tragic when the Angels killed a young black man. graffiti-laden restroom. 1969. Jones left the band on June 9. they had fired Andrew Loog Oldham and hired Allen Klein as their manager. In February of 1967. the Stones had already replaced Brian Jones with Mick Taylor. or else face being banned." which climbed to number three in May 1968. On July 3. Beggar's Banquet was hailed as a masterpiece among the fledgling rock press. Released in the fall of 1969. Meredith Hunter. Their next album.the first where they were billed as the World's Greatest Rock & Roll Band -. An edgy record filled with detours into straight blues and campy country. which was greeted with lukewarm reviews. By early 1968. signaling that a new era in the Stones' career had begun. "Dandelion"/"We Love You. during the Stones' performance. which forced Jagger to alter the song's title to an incomprehensible mumble. The coroner ruled that it was "death by misadventure. Jones was arrested on the same charge. a move that gave the Stones their distinctively fat." a number one single released days after Jones' funeral. it also was the closing of their time with Brian Jones. The revitalized Stones were showcased on the malevolent single "Jumpin' Jack Flash. . along with his then-girlfriend Marianne Faithfull. the group launched its first American tour in three years. On the advice of the Grateful Dead. Their Satanic Majesties Request. few realized that while it opened a new chapter of the Stones' history. The entire show was unorganized and in shambles. The Stones' infatuation with psychedelia was brief. and the group backed away from the spotlight as the summer of love kicked into gear in 1967. Beggar's Banquet. He wasn't featured on "Honky Tonk Women. 1969 -. but that plan backfired tragically. Jagger and Richards were arrested for drug possession. after being delayed for five months due its controversial cover art of a dirty. they were also prominent in the international broadcast of the Beatles' "All You Need Is Love. and it was followed by their response to Sgt.
After his arrest. Dirty Work suffered a worse fate. Richards was arrested in Canada in 1977 with his common-law wife Anita Pallenberg for heroin possession. in 1976. reached number one. and the group recorded their next album as they auditioned new lead guitarists. which became a subsidiary of Atlantic Records." both reached number one. They finally settled on Ron Wood.In the wake of the public outcry. was widely panned. During the mid. fared better both critically and commercially. Goats Head Soup. the duo conflicted about which way the band should go. and they formed Rolling Stones Records. a number one record that nevertheless received lukewarm reviews upon its 1980 release. former lead guitarist for the Faces and Rod Stewart. The Stones supported Tattoo You with an extensive stadium tour captured in Hal Ashby's movie Let's Spend the Night Together and the 1982 live album Still Life. hanging out with country-rock pioneer Gram Parsons. and the album restored the group's image. from their set. where they shared a house and recorded a double album." which some critics ignorantly claimed incited the violence. they released the live Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out! in the fall of 1970. but their critical support waned. Keith wound up having more musical influence on 1971's Sticky Fingers. Emotional Rescue. Taylor left the band after It's Only Rock 'n' Roll. Richards was slumming. he cleaned up and was given a suspended sentence the following year. The band remained popular throughout the '70s. Jagger starred in Nicolas Roeg's cult film Performance and married Nicaraguan model Bianca Perez Morena de Macias. the Stones began to splinter in two. The band reconvened in 1978 to record Some Girls. the band retreated to France on tax exile. During 1970. The record and its first single. Following its release. the Stones again retreated from the spotlight and dropped "Sympathy for the Devil. the group squandered that goodwill with the follow-up. As Jagger was jet-setting. Exile on Main St. Exile on Main St. and disco. new wave. the first album the Stones released though their new label. the thumping disco-rocker "Miss You. Following Exile. with both Wyman and Wood releasing solo albums with regularity. unfocused record that received relatively weak sales and mixed reviews. since . Starting with 1983's Undercover. but neither record was particularly well received. and the couple quickly entered high society. Tattoo You. but over time it came to be considered one of the group's defining moments. As the group entered hiatus. an energetic response to punk. as did 1974's It's Only Rock 'n' Roll. Released in 1986. as the singles "Start Me Up" and "Waiting on a Friend" helped the album spend nine weeks at number one. However. which only featured Wood on a handful of cuts. Undercover was a mean-spirited. the same year they released Black n' Blue. all the Stones pursued side projects. including Jeff Beck. with Jagger wanting the Stones to follow contemporary trends and Richards wanting them to stay true to their rock roots. released in 1973. as Jagger concentrated on being a celebrity and Richards sank into drug addiction.and late '70s. Upon its May 1972 release. released the following year. It was their last album for Decca/London. partially because the albums suffered due to Jagger and Richards' notorious mid-'80s feud. Although the group continued to sell out concerts in the '80s and '90s. their records didn't sell as well as previous efforts. Tattoo You proved to be the last time the Stones completely dominated the charts and the stadiums. As a result.
Bill Wyman left the band. Following the release of Flashpoint. who had previously played with Miles Davis and Sting. the live album Flashpoint. which grossed over 140 million dollars and broke many box office records. . The Stones didn't immediately replace Wyman. Appearing a year after Jagger's failed second solo album. he published a memoir. Talk Is Cheap received good reviews and went gold. Main Albums: 1964 The Rolling Stones (England's Newest Hit Makers) 1964 12 X 5 1965 The Rolling Stones No. the Stones released Steel Wheels. the Stones released the live.Jagger was preoccupied with his fledgling solo career. to record and release the Don Was-produced Voodoo Lounge. the group issued A Bigger Bang. Stone Alone. On top of being more successful than its predecessor. the following year. this time. after wrapping up their tour in support of 1997's Bridges to Babylon. prompting Jagger and Richards to reunite late in 1988. Now! 1965 Out of Our Heads 1965 December's Children (And Everybody's) 1966 Aftermath 1966 Got Live If You Want It! 1967 Between the Buttons 1967 Flowers 1967 Their Satanic Majesties Request 1968 Beggars Banquet 1969 Let It Bleed 1970 Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out! [live] 1971 Sticky Fingers 1972 Exile on Main St. Once Jagger decided that the Stones would not support Dirty Work with a tour. and its accompanying tour was even more successful than the Steel Wheels tour. there was none of the animosity surrounding their mid-'80s projects. which was received with good reviews. their third effort with producer Don Was. and its album document Live Licks appeared in 2004. since they were all working on solo projects. The group reconvened in 1994 with bassist Darryl Jones. "unplugged" album Stripped in the fall of 1995. which was culled from the Steel Wheels shows. The album received the band's strongest reviews in years. the group issued yet another live set. A year later. within a few years of leaving. No Security. Upon the completion of the Voodoo Lounge tour. Voodoo Lounge also won the Stones their first Grammy for Best Rock Album. A high-profile greatest-hits tour in 2002 was launched despite the lack of a studio album to support. but the record was overshadowed by its supporting tour. 2 1965 The Rolling Stones. Richards decided to make his own solo record with 1988's Talk Is Cheap. The following year. was released. Similarly. In 1991.
there was a clear sense of space and restraint. the Velvet Underground. In its own way. The band's chauffeur. The band moved to Melbourne the following year. the original lineup featuring singer Dave Evans cut a single called "Can I Sit Next to You. it was a reaction against the pompous art rock and lumbering arena rock of the early '70s. . AC/DC were formed in 1973 in Australia by guitarist Malcolm Young after his previous band. where drummer Phil Rudd (formerly of the Coloured Balls) and bassist Mark Evans joined the lineup. the band spawned countless imitators over the next two decades and enjoyed commercial success well into the 2000s. Bon Scott. the band played some gigs around Sydney. became the lead vocalist when singer Dave Evans refused to go on-stage. AC/DC's rock was minimalist -." with ex-Easybeats Harry Vanda and George Young (Malcolm and Angus' older brother) producing. collapsed (Young's band has no relation to the seminal American group). the look became the band's visual trademark. With his younger brother Angus serving as lead guitarist. Combined with Bon Scott's larynx-shredding vocals. Angus was only 15 years old at the time and his sister suggested that he should wear his school uniform on-stage.1973 Goats Head Soup 1974 It's Only Rock 'n' Roll 1976 Black and Blue 1977 Love You Live 1978 Some Girls 1980 Emotional Rescue 1981 Tattoo You [2009 Re-Mastered] 1982 Still Life [live] 1983 Undercover 1986 Dirty Work 1989 Steel Wheels 1991 Flashpoint [live] 1994 Voodoo Lounge 1995 Stripped [live] 1996 The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus [live] 1997 Bridges to Babylon 1998 No Security [live] 2004 Live Licks 2005 A Bigger Bang 2008 Shine a Light: Original Soundtrack [live] AC/DC AC/DC's mammoth power chord roar became one of the most influential hard rock sounds of the '70s. While still in Sydney.no matter how huge and bludgeoning their guitar chords were.
which would prove to be its biggest album. More importantly. The official coroner's report stated he had "drunk himself to death. which became their first album to chart in the U. the band recorded Back in Black. Throughout their career they favored crude double entendres and violent imagery.. AC/DC released Let There Be Rock. thanks in no small part to their dynamic live shows (which were captured on 1978's live If You Want Blood You've Got It). the band was one of the largest rock bands in the world. Rudd left the band. AC/DC's commercial standing began to slip. Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap followed at the end of the year. and they weren't able to reverse their slide until 1990's The Razor's Edge.S. 1975 High Voltage [Australia] 1976 High Voltage . which hit number 17 in the U.Previously.S. released in spring of 1978. Material from the two records comprised the 1976 release High Voltage in the U. the 1990s saw AC/DC maintain their status as a top international concert draw." And AC/DC were socially maladjusted. was released. the group also toured both countries. AC/DC's train was derailed when Bon Scott died on February 20. Mark Evans left the band at the beginning of 1977. and a best-of compilation was released in conjunction with the film under the title AC/DC: Iron Man 2. For the next few years. the band's music was featured heavily in the action movie Iron Man 2.S. Powerage. In 1982. alone. Main Albums: 1975 T. and U. In the fall of 1977. selling over ten million copies in the U.he had several convictions on minor criminal offenses and was rejected by the Australian Army for being "socially maladjusted. becoming the group's first million-seller. it also entered the American charts at number four and sold over a million copies in its first six months of release. After 1983's Flick of the Switch. In the fall of 1995. 1980. he helped cement the group's image as brutes -.in Australia in 1974 and 1975. Stiff Upper Lip followed in early 2000 with similar results. expanded their audience even further.K." While not the commercial powerhouse they were during the late '70s and early '80s. Ballbreaker.High Voltage and TNT -. The following month. all spiked with a mischievous sense of fun. Scott had been vocalist for the Australian prog rock bands Fraternity and the Valentines.. Produced by Rick Rubin. and number eight in the U. an all-new collection of songs that was followed by the group's first world tour since 2001.N.K. the band replaced Scott with Brian Johnson. What really broke the doors down for the band was the following year's Highway to Hell. with Cliff Williams taking his place. The group signed a multi-album deal with Sony the following year that resulted in a slew of reissues and DVDs. The group released two albums -. which spawned the hit "Thunderstruck. and they returned to the studio in 2008 for Black Ice.S. their 16th album. the album received some of the most positive reviews of AC/DC's career. he was replaced by Simon Wright.T." In March. with For Those About to Rock We Salute You topping the charts in the U. Two years later.S.
" a signature riff tune to this day. Becoming even more popular in the long run. they moved with the times while simultaneously bucking every trend that crossed their path.both influenced by the originators of the form and British blues-rock guitarists like Peter Green -. Eliminator." Their success continued unabated throughout the '70s. they met the emerging video age head-on. Their third album (Tres Hombres) gained them national attention with the hit "La Grange. Dusty Hill (bass). Now sporting long beards. As genuine roots musicians. They were formed in 1970 in and around Houston from rival bands the Moving Sidewalks (Gibbons) and American Blues (Hill and Beard).1976 Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap 1977 Let There Be Rock 1978 Powerage 1978 If You Want Blood You've Got It [live] 1979 Highway to Hell 1980 Back In Black 1981 For Those About to Rock We Salute You 1983 Flick of the Switch 1985 Fly on the Wall 1988 Blow Up Your Video 1990 The Razor's Edge 1992 AC/DC Live 1995 Ballbreaker 1997 Let There Be Rock: The Movie . Afterburner. they have few peers. based on John Lee Hooker's "Boogie Chillen. then switched labels and returned to form with Deguello and El Loco. By their next album. golf hats. and Frank Beard (drums). they took a three-year break. culminating with the year-and-a-half-long Worldwide Texas Tour.Live in Paris 2001 Stiff Upper Lip 2008 Black Ice ZZ Top This sturdy American blues-rock trio from Texas consists of Billy Gibbons (guitar). The only rock & roll group that's out there with its original members still aboard after .while Hill and Beard provide the ultimate rhythm section support. and its worldwide smash follow-up. reducing their "message" to simple iconography. and boiler suits. giving their material a more contemporary edge while retaining their patented Texas style. Gibbons is one of America's finest blues guitarists working in the arena rock idiom -. Exhausted from the overwhelming workload. Their first two albums reflected the strong blues roots and Texas humor of the band. they had successfully harnessed the potential of synthesizers to their patented grungy blues groove. both harbingers of what was to come.
ZZ Top's support and link to the blues remains as rock solid as the music they play. dubbed the "Muddywood. perhaps most visibly when they were given a piece of wood from Muddy Waters' shack in Clarksdale. Main Albums: 1970 1972 1973 1975 1976 1979 1981 1983 1985 1990 1994 1996 1999 2003 2008 ZZ Top's First Album Rio Grande Mud Tres Hombres Fandango! Tejas Degüello El Loco Eliminator Afterburner Recycler Antenna Rhythmeen XXX Mescalero Live From Texas Aerosmith . Live from Texas. ZZ Top play music that is always instantly recognizable. were both released in 2008. and 100-percent American in derivation. They have continued to support the blues through various means. MS. A concert CD and DVD. The group members had it made into a guitar. profoundly soulful.three decades (an anniversary celebrated on 1999's XXX). recorded in Dallas in 2007 and featuring a still vital band. eminently powerful." then sent it out on tour to raise money for the Delta Blues Museum.
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