Led Zeppelin Led Zeppelin was the definitive heavy metal band.

It wasn't just their crushingly loud interpretation of the blues -- it was how they incorporated mythology, mysticism, and a variety of other genres (most notably world music and British folk) -- into their sound. Led Zeppelin had mystique. They rarely gave interviews, since the music press detested the band. Consequently, the only connection the audience had with the band was through the records and the concerts. More than any other band, Led Zeppelin established the concept of album-oriented rock, refusing to release popular songs from their albums as singles. In doing so, they established the dominant format for heavy metal, as well as the genre's actual sound. Led Zeppelin formed out of the ashes of the Yardbirds. Jimmy Page had joined the band in its final days, playing a pivotal role on their final album, 1967's Little Games, which also featured string arrangements from John Paul Jones. During 1967, the Yardbirds were fairly inactive. While the Yardbirds decided their future, Page returned to session work in 1967. In the spring of 1968, he played on Jones' arrangement of Donovan's "Hurdy Gurdy Man." During the sessions, Jones requested to be part of any future project Page would develop. Page would have to assemble a band sooner than he had planned. In the summer of 1968, the Yardbirds' Keith Relf and James McCarty left the band, leaving Page and bassist Chris Dreja with the rights to the name, as well as the obligation of fulfilling an upcoming fall tour. Page set out to find a replacement vocalist and drummer. Initially, he wanted to enlist singer Terry Reid and Procol Harum's drummer B.J. Wilson, but neither musician was able to join the group. Reid suggested that Page contact Robert Plant, who was singing with a band called Hobbstweedle. After hearing him sing, Page asked Plant to join the band in August of 1968, the same month Chris Dreja dropped out of the new project. Following Dreja's departure, John Paul Jones joined the group as its bassist. Plant recommended that Page hire John Bonham, the drummer for Plant's old band, the Band of Joy. Bonham had to be persuaded to join the group, as he was being courted by other artists who offered the drummer considerably more money. By September, Bonham agreed to join the band. Performing under the name the New Yardbirds, the band fulfilled the Yardbirds' previously booked engagements in late September 1968. The following month, they recorded their debut album in just under 30 hours. Also in October, the group switched its name to Led Zeppelin. The band secured a contract with Atlantic Records in the United States before the end of the year. Early in 1969, Led Zeppelin set out on their first American tour, which helped set the stage for the January release of their eponymous debut album. Two months after its release, Led Zeppelin had climbed into the U.S. Top Ten. Throughout 1969, the band toured relentlessly, playing dates in America and England. While they were on the road, they recorded their second album, Led Zeppelin II, which was released in October of 1969. Like its predecessor, Led Zeppelin II was an immediate hit, topping the American charts two months after its release and spending seven weeks at number one. The album helped establish Led Zeppelin as an international concert attraction, and for the next year, the group continued to tour relentlessly. Led Zeppelin's sound began to

deepen with Led Zeppelin III. Released in October of 1970, the album featured an overt British folk influence. The group's infatuation with folk and mythology would reach a fruition on the group's untitled fourth album, which was released in November of 1971. Led Zeppelin IV was the band's most musically diverse effort to date, featuring everything from the crunching rock of "Black Dog" to the folk of "The Battle of Evermore," as well as "Stairway to Heaven," which found the bridge between the two genres. "Stairway to Heaven" was an immediate radio hit, eventually becoming the most played song in the history of album-oriented radio; the song was never released as a single. Despite the fact that the album never reached number one in America, Led Zeppelin IV was their biggest album ever, selling well over 16 million copies over the next two and a half decades. Led Zeppelin did tour to support both Led Zeppelin III and Led Zeppelin IV, but they played fewer shows than they did on their previous tours. Instead, they concentrated on only playing larger venues. After completing their 1972 tour, the band retreated from the spotlight and recorded their fifth album. Released in the spring of 1973, Houses of the Holy continued the band's musical experimentation, featuring touches of funk and reggae among their trademark rock and folk. The success of Houses of the Holy set the stage for a record-breaking American tour. Throughout their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin broke boxoffice records -- most of which were previously held by the Beatles -- across America. The group's concert at Madison Square Garden in July was filmed for use in the feature film The Song Remains the Same, which was released three years later. After their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin spent a quiet year during 1974, releasing no new material and performing no concerts. They did, however, establish their own record label, Swan Song, which released all of Led Zeppelin's subsequent albums, as well as records by Dave Edmunds, Bad Company, the Pretty Things, and several others. Physical Graffiti, a double album released in February of 1975, was the band's first release on Swan Song. The album was an immediate success, topping the charts in both America and England. Led Zeppelin launched a large American tour in 1975, but it came to a halt when Robert Plant and his wife suffered a serious car crash while vacationing in Greece. The tour was canceled and Plant spent the rest of the year recuperating from the accident. Led Zeppelin returned to action in the spring of 1976 with Presence. Although the album debuted at number one in both America and England, the reviews for the album were lukewarm, as was the reception to the live concert film The Song Remains the Same, which appeared in the fall of 1976. The band finally returned to tour America in the Spring of 1977. A couple of months into the tour, Plant's six-year-old son Karac died of a stomach infection. Led Zeppelin immediately canceled the tour and offered no word whether or not it would be rescheduled, causing widespread speculation about the band's future. For a while, it did appear that Led Zeppelin was finished. Robert Plant spent the latter half of 1977 and the better part of 1978 in seclusion. The group didn't begin work on a new album until late in the summer of 1978, when they began recording at ABBA's Polar studios in Sweden. A year later, the band played a short European tour, performing in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Belgium, and Austria. In August of 1979, Led Zeppelin played two large concerts at Knebworth; the shows would be their last English performances.

In Through the Out Door, the band's much-delayed eighth studio album, was finally released in September of 1979. The album entered the charts at number one in both America and England. In May of 1980, Led Zeppelin embarked on their final European tour. In September, Led Zeppelin began rehearsing at Jimmy Page's house in preparation for an American tour. On September 25, John Bonham was found dead in his bed -following an all-day drinking binge, he had passed out and choked on his own vomit. In December of 1980, Led Zeppelin announced they were disbanding, since they could not continue without Bonham. Following the breakup, the remaining members all began solo careers. John Paul Jones returned to producing and arranging, finally releasing his solo debut, Zooma, in 1999. After recording the soundtrack for Death Wish II, Jimmy Page compiled the Zeppelin outtakes collection Coda, which was released at the end of 1982. That same year, Robert Plant began a solo career with the Pictures at Eleven album. In 1984, Plant and Page briefly reunited in the all-star oldies band the Honeydrippers. After recording one EP with the Honeydrippers, Plant returned to his solo career and Page formed the Firm with former Bad Company singer Paul Rogers. In 1985, Led Zeppelin reunited to play Live Aid, sparking off a flurry of reunion rumors; the reunion never materialized. In 1988, the band re-formed to play Atlantic's 25th anniversary concert. During 1989, Page remastered the band's catalog for release on the 1990 box set Led Zeppelin. The four-disc set became the biggest-selling multi-disc box set of all time, which was followed up three years later by another box set, the mammoth ten-disc set The Complete Studio Recordings. In 1994, Page and Plant reunited to record a segment for MTV Unplugged, which was released as No Quarter in the fall of 1994. Although the album went platinum, the sales were disappointing considering the anticipation of a Zeppelin reunion. The following year, Page and Plant embarked on a successful international tour, which eventually led to an all-new studio recording in 1998, the Steve Albini-produced Walking Into Clarksdale. Surprisingly, the album was met with a cool reception by the record-buying public, as Page and Plant ended their union shortly thereafter, once again going their separate ways (Page went on to tour with the Black Crowes, while Plant resumed his solo career). Further Zeppelin compilation releases saw the light of day in the late '90s, including 1997's stellar double-disc BBC Sessions, plus Zep's first true best-of collections -- 1999's Early Days: The Best Of, Vol. 1 and 2000's Latter Days: The Best Of, Vol. 2.

Albums: 1969 Led Zeppelin 1969 Led Zeppelin II 1970 Led Zeppelin III 1971 Led Zeppelin IV 1973 Houses of the Holy

1975 Physical Graffiti 1976 Presence 1976 The Song Remains the Same [live] 1979 In Through the Out Door 1982 Coda

Pink Floyd Pink Floyd is the premier space rock band. Since the mid-'60s, their music relentlessly tinkered with electronics and all manner of special effects to push pop formats to their outer limits. At the same time they wrestled with lyrical themes and concepts of such massive scale that their music has taken on almost classical, operatic quality, in both sound and words. Despite their astral image, the group was brought down to earth in the 1980s by decidedly mundane power struggles over leadership and, ultimately, ownership of the band's very name. After that time, they were little more than a dinosaur act, capable of filling stadiums and topping the charts, but offering little more than a spectacular recreation of their most successful formulas. Their latter-day staleness cannot disguise the fact that, for the first decade or so of their existence, they were one of the most innovative groups around, in concert and (especially) in the studio. While Pink Floyd are mostly known for their grandiose concept albums of the 1970s, they started as a very different sort of psychedelic band. Soon after they first began playing together in the mid-'60s, they fell firmly under the leadership of lead guitarist Syd Barrett, the gifted genius who would write and sing most of their early material. The Cambridge native shared the stage with Roger Waters (bass), Rick Wright (keyboards), and Nick Mason (drums). The name Pink Floyd, seemingly so far-out, was actually derived from the first names of two ancient bluesmen (Pink Anderson and Floyd Council). And at first, Pink Floyd were much more conventional than the act into which they would evolve, concentrating on the rock and R&B material that were so common to the repertoires of mid-'60s British bands. Pink Floyd quickly began to experiment, however, stretching out songs with wild instrumental freak-out passages incorporating feedback; electronic screeches; and unusual, eerie sounds created by loud amplification, reverb, and such tricks as sliding ball bearings up and down guitar strings. In 1966, they began to pick up a following in the London underground; on-stage, they began to incorporate light shows to add to the psychedelic effect. Most importantly, Syd Barrett began to compose pop-psychedelic gems that combined unusual psychedelic arrangements (particularly in the haunting guitar and celestial organ licks) with catchy melodies and incisive lyrics that viewed the world with a sense of poetic, childlike wonder. The group landed a recording contract with EMI in early 1967 and made the Top 20 with a brilliant debut single, "Arnold Layne," a sympathetic, comic vignette about a transvestite. The follow-up, the kaleidoscopic "See Emily Play," made the Top Ten. The

and primary songwriter. colored as it was by a vision that was far more humorous. decided to abandon the group and manage Barrett as a solo act. Dependent upon Barrett for most of their vision and material. especially in the long instrumental parts. but taking a more formal. using Barrett's vision as an obvious blueprint. Waters eventually emerging as the dominant composer. Barrett would still be able to write and contribute to the records. looking at the wreckage of a band that was now without its lead guitarist. Pink Floyd would continue to polish their brand of experimental rock. would go on to make a couple of interesting solo records before his mental problems instigated a retreat into oblivion. Abandoning the singles market. made the British Top Ten. The 1968 follow-up to Piper at the Gates of Dawn. the prodigy began showing increasingly alarming signs of mental instability. guitarist Dave Gilmour. and the band proved capable of writing enough original material to generate further ambitious albums. odd character sketches ("The Gnome"). childhood flashbacks ("Bike. The idea was that Gilmour would enable the Floyd to continue as a live outfit. A Saucerful of Secrets. was brought in as a fifth member. That couldn't work either. The reason Pink Floyd never made a similar album was that Piper was the only one to be recorded under Barrett's leadership. It was early in the game yet. and built a huge following in the progressive rock underground with constant touring in both Europe and North America. they concentrated on album-length works. where the loss of Syd Barrett meant nothing to the media. live or in the studio. may have been the greatest British psychedelic album other than Sgt. and quasi-classical tone. Around mid-1967. The Piper at the Gates of Dawn. playing music that had little to do with the material. Gilmour was an excellent guitarist.debut album." "Matilda Mother"). Pepper's. Pink Floyd would regroup and not only maintain their popularity. popfriendly. let alone play the pop star game. which married psychedelia with ever-grander arrangements on a Wagnerian operatic scale. the rest of the group was nevertheless finding him impossible to work with. and within a few months Barrett was out of the group. reverberant organs and guitars and insistently restated themes were subtle blues and pop influences that kept the material accessible to a wide audience. somber. An American tour had to be cut short when he was barely able to function at all. The record was not only like no other at the time. the album was a charming fun house of driving. also released in 1967. Hidden underneath the pulsing. for his part. Over the next four years. but the group was still virtually unknown in America. or not playing at all. it was like no other that Pink Floyd would make. Around the beginning of 1968. but eventually become even more successful. after all. and freakier pieces with lengthy instrumental passages ("Astronomy Domine." "Interstellar Overdrive. a friend of the band who was also from Cambridge. While LPs like Ummagumma . Dominated almost wholly by Barrett's songs. Such calamities would have proven insurmountable for 99 out of 100 bands in similar predicaments. Incredibly. Pink Floyd's management. mysterious rockers ("Lucifer Sam"). the first album had made the British Top Ten. lead singer. Barrett. and lighthearted than those of their subsequent epics. Barrett would go catatonic on-stage." "Pow R Toch") that mapped out their fascination with space travel.

for a while. leaving a Roger-less Pink Floyd to get a Top . an army of well-time stereophonic sound effects. but the touring production of The Wall. highlighted by a tribute of sorts to the long-departed Barrett. More astonishingly. Although Pink Floyd had rarely even released singles since the late '60s. Wish You Were Here and Animals (1977) developed these morose themes even more explicitly. more focused songwriting. one could argue. Waters was asserting control of the band's musical and lyrical identity. where it made number one. the group began to unravel. Dark Side of the Moon finally broke Pink Floyd as superstars in the United States. each contained some extremely effective music. the primarily instrumental textures of the songs helped make Dark Side of the Moon easily translatable on an international level. Nothing. The Wall was a huge success (even by Pink Floyd's standards). prepared Pink Floyd or their audience for the massive mainstream success of their 1973 album. never did match the brilliance of that somewhat anomalous 1967 debut.. which made their brand of cosmic rock even more approachable with state-of-theart production. and More. however. Dark Side of the Moon. although the group. In the 1980s. Waters lost. Atom Heart Mother (a collaboration with composer Ron Geesin)." became a transatlantic number one. Dark Side of the Moon spent an incomprehensible 741 weeks on the Billboard album chart. which was consolidated by The Wall (1979). In 1986. The bleak. more troublingly. and touches of saxophone and soulful female backup vocals. in part because the music was losing some of its heavy-duty electronic textures in favor of more approachable pop elements. Additionally. That wouldn't have been such a problem had The Final Cut (1983) been such an unimpressive effort. although the follow-up. one of the tracks. fear. Each of the four had done some side and solo projects in the past. also made number one. (a film soundtrack) were erratic. By the early '70s.(divided into live recordings and experimental outings by each member of the band).. and polished the science fiction ambience that the group had been exploring ever since 1968. Syd Barrett was a fading or nonexistent memory for most of Pink Floyd's fans. Wish You Were Here (1975). By this time Waters was taking a firm hand over Pink Floyd's lyrical and musical vision. The band had been launching increasingly elaborate stage shows throughout the '70s. Meddle (1971) sharpened the band's sprawling epics into something more accessible. Shortly afterward. it made them one of the biggest-selling acts of all time. overambitious double concept album concerned itself with the material and emotional walls modern humans build around themselves for survival. and the record became (and still is) one of the most popular rock albums worldwide. "Another Brick in the Wall. with little of the electronic innovation so typical of their previous work. It was also an extremely hard act to follow. "Shine On You Crazy Diamond. and the cold sterility of modern life. featuring a construction of an actual wall during the band's performance." Dark Side of the Moon had been dominated by lyrical themes of insecurity. the band split up -. Waters was suing Gilmour and Mason to dissolve the group's partnership (Wright had lost full membership status entirely). was the most excessive yet.

and released as an album. their first studio album in seven years. and unaware that Syd Barrett was ever a member -. highlighted by a solo recreation of The Wall. they would do the same again to his successor. recorded during a typically elaborately staged 1994 tour. and could count on millions of customers -. In an irony that was nothing less than cosmic. Waters released ambitious solo albums to nothing more than moderate sales and attention.Five album with Momentary Lapse of Reason in 1987. The Division Bell. Ditto for the live Pulse album. Main Albums 1967 1968 1969 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1975 1977 1979 1983 1987 1988 1994 1995 The Piper at the Gates of Dawn A Saucerful of Secrets More Ummagumma Atom Heart Mother Meddle Obscured by Clouds The Dark Side of the Moon Wish You Were Here Animals The Wall The Final Cut A Momentary Lapse of Reason Delicate Sound of Thunder [live] The Division Bell Pulse [live] The Jimi Hendrix . performed at the site of the former Berlin Wall in 1990. They knew their formula. about 20 years after Pink Floyd shed their original leader to resume their career with great commercial success. while he watched his former colleagues (with Wright back in tow) rescale the charts. could execute it on a grand scale. Waters' solo career sputtered along. Pink Floyd still had a huge fan base. topped the charts in 1994 without making any impact on the current rock scene. which included a concert version of The Dark Side of the Moon in its entirety. Syd Barrett continued to be completely removed from the public eye except as a sort of archetype for the fallen genius.many of them unborn when Dark Side of the Moon came out.to buy their records and see their sporadic tours. except in a marketing sense. but there's little that's noteworthy about their postWaters output.

but in fact he'd served his apprenticeship the long. looking to move into management. Jr." and "The Wind Cries Mary" all made the Top Ten in the first half of 1967. he worked with such R&B/soul greats as Little Richard. the Isley Brothers. buzzing feedback solos. It was in a New York club that Hendrix was spotted by Animals bassist Chas Chandler. liquid runs up and down the scales. When Hendrix became an international superstar in 1967. But Hendrix was also a first-rate songwriter. These tracks were also featured on their debut album. particularly from a young R&B veteran who had rarely sung. and the electric guitar innovations of British pioneers like Jeff Beck. and apparently never written his own material. soul. and lightning. During the early and mid-'60s. Dylan. before the Experience formed. The logical step was for Hendrix to go out on his own. and Chandler. engaging singer (although his gruff. that was dubbed the Jimi Hendrix Experience. There a group was built around Jimi. it seemed as if he'd dropped out of a Martian spaceship. Are You Experienced? was psychedelia at its most eclectic. Pete Townshend. Occasionally he recorded as a session man (the Isley Brothers' 1964 single "Testify" is the only one of these early tracks that offers even a glimpse of his future genius). throaty vocal pipes were not nearly as great assets as his instrumental skills).has sometimes obscured his considerable gifts as a songwriter. and rock styles.he could and would play behind his back and with his teeth and set his guitar on fire -. But the stars didn't appreciate his show-stealing showmanship. synthesizing mod pop. and Hendrix was straight-jacketed by sideman roles that didn't allow him to develop as a soloist. often with innovative amplification experiments that produced astral-quality feedback and roaring distortion." "Purple Haze. also featuring Mitch Mitchell on drums and Noel Redding on bass. Hendrix was a master at coaxing all manner of unforeseen sonics from his instrument. which employed an arsenal of devices. R&B.S. crunching distorted riffs. and King Curtis as a backup guitarist. including wah-wah pedals. Are You Experienced? was an astonishing debut. melding cosmic imagery with some surprisingly pop-savvy hooks and tender sentiments. playing with various musicians in local clubs. and Eric Clapton. which he did in New York in the mid-'60s. R&B. Are You Experienced?. Jimi Hendrix expanded the vocabulary of the electric rock guitar more than anyone before or since. The trio became stars with astonishing speed in the U.K.. mundane way in numerous R&B acts on the chitlin circuit. and joining white bluesrock singer John Hammond. and master of a gamut of blues. after Hendrix created a sensation at the Monterey Pop Festival in June of 1967. The first lineup of the Animals was about to split.'s band for a while. Hendrix would only record three fully conceived studio albums in his . where "Hey Joe. Amazingly. What caught most people's attention at first was his virtuosic guitar playing. His frequent hurricane blasts of noise and dazzling showmanship -. a psychedelic meisterwerk that became a huge hit in the U. He was also an excellent blues interpreter and passionate.In his brief four-year reign as a superstar. convinced Hendrix to move to London and record as a solo act in England. singer.

but the studio tapes have been the focus of enormous . the instrumental breaks could meander. He closed Woodstock with a sprawling. It's extremely difficult to separate the facts of Hendrix's life from rumors and speculation.Hendrix's most valuable musical collaborator -. as impressive as they were. At the same time. Much of this (as well as entire live concerts) was issued posthumously. He disbanded the Experience in 1969. Coming up on two years after Electric Ladyland. and personally. manipulating electronics and devising overdub techniques (with the help of engineer Eddie Kramer in particular) to plot uncharted sonic territory. and Hendrix's songwriting was occasionally half-baked.came back into the fold. unable to bring himself to complete another album despite jamming endlessly. the Experience re-formed again -and disbanded again shortly afterward. 1970. unable to decide what musical direction to pursue. Not that these albums were perfect. or claimed to know him well. and management pressures. record-company expectations.lifetime. financially. replacing Miles in the drum chair. or that he was too confused to know what he was doing at all. that he was going to get deeper into the blues. Hendrix recorded a massive amount of unreleased studio material during his lifetime. several of the live concerts were excellent. Mitchell -. The final two years of Hendrix's life were turbulent ones musically. Hendrix felt torn in many directions by various fellow musicians. He'd been working intermittently on a new album. when he died in London on September 18. it also seems likely that Jimi himself was partly responsible for the stalemate. The same confusion holds true for his death: contradictory versions of his final days have been given by his closest acquaintances of the time. although Hendrix did record an erratic live album with them. that he was going to continue doing what he was doing. although Hendrix was recording constantly during the period. A few months into 1970. a new studio album had yet to appear. He was embroiled in enough complicated management and record company disputes (some dating from ill-advised contracts he'd signed before the Experience formed) to keep the lawyers busy for years. It was this trio that toured the world during Hendrix's final months. all of whom had their own ideas of what Hendrix should be doing. unable to form a permanent lineup of musicians. although Cox stayed in place. Hendrix pioneered the use of the studio itself as a recording instrument. In early 1970. While outside parties did contribute to bogging down Hendrix's studio work. has different versions of his state of mind in 1970. from drug-related complications. and the Band of Gypsies ultimately couldn't measure up to the same standard." The rhythm section of Mitchell and Redding were underrated keys to Jimi's best work. shaky set. redeemed by his famous machine-gun interpretation of "The Star Spangled Banner. Axis: Bold as Love and the double-LP Electric Ladyland were more diffuse and experimental than Are You Experienced? On Electric Ladyland in particular. never matching the consistency of Are You Experienced? (although he exercised greater creative control over the later albums). Critics have variously mused that he was going to go into jazz. tentatively titled First Ray of the New Rising Sun. forming the Band of Gypsies with drummer Buddy Miles and bassist Billy Cox to pursue funkier directions. Everyone who knew him well.

War Heroes. The family also launched Dagger Records. in July of 1995. collecting more tracks from posthumous LPs like Crash Landing. The Cry of Love. Eddie Kramer to oversee the remastering process. Radio One was basically expanded to the two-disc BBC Sessions (released in 1998). essentially an authorized bootleg label to supply harcore Hendrix fans with material that would be of limited commercial appeal. the rights to Hendrix's estate. Rainbow Bridge and War Heroes. In the mid-'70s. They began by hiring John McDermott and Jimi's original engineer. Crash Landing and Rainbow Bridge along with more rarities and alternates from the Chandler cache. In the eyes of many Hendrix fans. producer Alan Douglas took control of these projects. and 1999 saw the release of the full show from Woodstock as well as additional concert recordings from the Band of Gypsies shows entitled Live at the Fillmore East. which compiled remaining tracks from In the West. Main Albums: 1967 Are You Experienced . 2000 saw the release of the Jimi Hendrix Experience four-disc box set. including all of his recordings. More archival material followed. this was sacrilege. another compilation called South Saturn Delta showed up. Hendrix's first three albums were reissued with drastically improved sound. and Rainbow Bridge (without the terrible '70s overdubs). Later in 1997. They were able to find all the original master tapes. the guitarist's father.controversy for over 20 years. along with a handful of never-before-heard material that Chas Chandler had withheld from Alan Douglas for all those years. and in April of 1997. Ottawa and Clark University in Massachusetts) and a collection of studio jams and demos called Morning Symphony Ideas. Douglas was having ex-Knack drummer Bruce Gary record new parts for the typically misbegotten compilation Voodoo Soup. After a lengthy legal dispute. posthumously overdubbing many of Hendrix's tapes with additional parts by studio musicians. which had never been used for previous CD releases. returned to Al Hendrix. These initially came out in haphazard drabs and drubs (the first. made up of tracks from the Cry of Love. With the help of Jimi's step-sister Janie. Dagger Records has released several live concerts (of shows in Oakland. Al set up Experience Hendrix to begin to get Jimi's legacy in order. destroying the integrity of the work of a musician known to exercise meticulous care over the final production of his studio recordings. was easily the most outstanding of the lot). Even as late as 1995. Accompanying those reissues was a posthumous compilation album (based on Jimi's handwritten track listings) called First Rays of the New Rising Sun.

Furthermore. it was impossible not to hear Van Halen's instrumental technique on records that ranged from the heaviest metal to soft pop. In one of the most disastrous publicity stunts in rock history. just as tensions between Hagar and Eddie began to arise. Throughout the '80s. who brought the role of a metal singer to near-performance art standards. and in the process set the template for hard rock and heavy metal for the '80s. However. CA. Hagar stayed with the band longer than Roth. Van Halen simultaneously rewrote the rules of rock guitar and hard rock in general. February 1969 [live] 1971 Isle of Wight [live] 1971 The Cry of Love 1972 War Heroes 1987 Live at Winterland 1989 Radio One [live] Van Halen With their 1978 eponymous debut. 1 1970 Band of Gypsys [live] 1971 Experience [Original Soundtrack] 1971 Experience: London's Royal Albert Hall.1967 Axis: Bold as Love 1968 Electric Ladyland 1968 Electric Hendrix [Withdrawn] 1968 Electric Ladyland Pt. It was wildly inventive and over the top. The son of a Dutch bandleader. but only for two songs on a greatest-hits album. a former member of Extreme. One of these was Sammy Hagar. Through all the upheaval over lead vocalists. equaled only by vocalist David Lee Roth. Roth's ironydrenched antics were copied by singers who took everything literally. Eddie Van Halen and his prodigious talent remained the core of Van Halen. Hagar was fired (or quit) and Roth was brought back on. helping the group top the charts through the late '80s and early '90s. developing a blindingly fast technique with a variety of self-taught two-handed tapping. Roth wasn't blessed with great technique. an arena rock veteran from the '70s who replaced Roth after the vocalist had a falling out with Van Halen in 1985. they made Van Halen into the most popular American rock & roll band of the late '70s and early '80s. unlike Eddie. but he had a flair for showmanship that was derived as much from lounge performers as Robert Plant. Together. pull-offs. and effects that mimicked the sounds of machines and animals. the group's sales began to slide in the mid-'90s. seemingly as a permanent member. Eddie and his family moved from the Netherlands to Pasadena. Guitarist Eddie Van Halen redefined what electric guitar could do. hammer-ons. He was subsequently replaced by Gary Cherone. when he was 12 years old and his . in 1967.

when their album 1984 became an across-the-board smash. Roth was unhappy with Eddie's appearance on Michael Jackson's 1983 hit . rejecting the proposed Rat Salade." Like many songs on the album. and while Roth was initially reluctant to use electronics." "Jamie's Cryin'. who was singing with Snake. and the group was quickly on their way to being superstars. releasing the band's debut the following year. Impressed by the Van Halen brothers. In 1977. Van Halen became a hit due to strong word of mouth. was singing in Redball Jet. Roth. who had been raised in a wealthy Californian family. Eddie learned how to play drums and Alex took up the guitar. was 14." and "Runnin' With the Devil. each member played separate solo sets and were physically separated on the stage. Santa Barbara. eventually switching instruments. While all of their previous albums were successful. Fair Warning wasn't quite as popular as their previous records. 1984 rocketed to number two on the strength of the number one single "Jump. reaching number six. as "I'll Wait" and "Panama" became Top 15 singles and "Hot for Teacher" became a radio and MTV staple. At the time. things were not well within the band. was a huge hit. the expansion of the group's sound was widely praised. and five months later it went platinum. Mo Ostin and Ted Templeman signed Van Halen to Warner Bros. and Eddie became well known for his groundbreaking technique. For the next three years. As their father supported the family by playing in wedding bands. but was a success on the album charts. Alex. international arena tour. became a member of Mammoth.. Shortly afterward. and Los Angeles. as "Dance the Night Away" became their first Top 20 single. both boys were enraptured by rock & roll. and support from AOR radio. During their 1984 tour.older brother. playing both clubs and hotel bars. After discovering that another band had the rights to the name Mammoth. Van Halen didn't become superstars until 1984. continued the band's success. On the strength of Simmons' recommendation. Released on New Year's Day. Despite the band's breakthrough success. they had become the most popular local band in Los Angeles. Van Halen gained steam. The brothers began a hard rock band called Mammoth and began playing around Pasadena. released in 1982. but they eventually worked in their own original material. Soon. Within three months the album had gone gold. spawning a number 12 cover of Roy Orbison's "(Oh) Pretty Woman" and reaching number three. Eddie and Alex continued their classical piano training. thanks to the album rock staples "You Really Got Me. yet it still peaked at number six. Kiss' Gene Simmons financed a demo recording session for Van Halen after seeing them at the Starwood Club. The band's repertoire covered everything from pop and rock to disco. Throughout 1984. the group decided to call themselves Van Halen in 1974. It would eventually sell over six million copies. Within a few years. Women and Children First (1980) didn't have any charting singles. Diver Down." Van Halen II. released in 1979. Released in 1981. "Jump" was driven by Eddie's new synthesizer. constant touring. he joined forces with the group. eventually meeting David Lee Roth. The band supported the album with their first headlining. Van Halen played throughout Pasadena. bassist Michael Anthony.

1." "Dreams. tensions between Eddie Van Halen and Sammy Hagar had grown considerably. Eddie decided to make a change by switching singers. reaching number one and spawning the hit singles "Why Can't This Be Love. Former Extreme vocalist Gary Cherone was announced as the band's new lead singer. but Hagar balked at the idea. Eddie claimed Hagar quit. Although the album debuted high on the charts. Following an appearance at the MTV Music Awards." Van Halen followed the album with their first live record. 1 was a success. Eddie fired him shortly afterward. crashing in at number three. Vol. the rock media reacted positively to the news. Though the resulting Best Of. Following a skirmish in 1996 over the recording of a song for the Twister soundtrack. Eddie's reputation as a nice guy was tarnished once the entire affair was over. highlighted by such arena metal hits as "Three-Lock Box" and "I Can't Drive 55. By the spring 1995 release of Balance. Eddie Van Halen fired Roth from the band. entitled Van Halen III. who went ballistic upon learning of the group's reunion. the band had become subject to criticism that it simply repeated a formula. Furthermore. The former lead singer of Montrose. Hagar's solo career had been sporadically successful. While Balance was successful. Immediately. Crazy from the Heat. it quickly slipped down the charts. Roth said that he was duped into recording the songs. and once the reunion became public." Released in 1988. The band wanted to release a greatest-hits collection. escalating tensions even further. since the reception to the album from fans." For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge. was another number one hit. earning stronger reviews than its predecessor and generating the hits "When It's Love" and "Finish What You Started. and Hagar was notorious for his party-hearty ways. was finally released in March of 1998. entering the charts at number one and selling two million copies shortly after its release. the reunion was not to be. In 1985. Cherone's long-awaited debut with Van Halen." Though many critics suspected Hagar wouldn't be able to sustain Van Halen's remarkable success. critics. the double album Van Halen Live: Right Here. his first album with the band. Most observers were taken by surprise when Sammy Hagar was named as Roth's replacement. released in 1991. claiming that he was only on board to record two new songs. which spawned hit covers of "California Girls" and "Just a Gigolo/I Ain't Got Nobody. After Van Halen III proved to be the worst-selling album of Van Halen's long and illustrious career (the ensuing world tour was poorly attended as well)." and "Love Walks In. it stalled quickly afterward. 1986's 5150. Right Now in 1993. Eddie had recently undergone well-publicized treatment for alcoholism."Beat It. and radio was mixed. Van Halen began recording new material with Roth without informing Hagar. Cherone was dismissed from Van Halen in 1999. was a huge hit. even writing a paean to Amsterdam's hash bars with "Amsterdam" on Balance. believing that the reunion was permanent." When Roth delayed the recording of Van Halen's follow-up to 1984." and Eddie grew tired of the comic antics of Roth. According to Hagar. Vol. rumors began to swirl once more of an . Roth released a solo EP. partially due to the hit MTV video for "Right Now. Roth proceeded to record two new songs for Van Halen's Best Of. However. MTV began airing a welcome back commercial days after the announcement. he was fired from the band. OU812 was just as successful.

phenomenal. In 2004. Eddie told MTV News that the band's remaining members had penned a total of three albums' worth of new material and that they were still unsure of who their next singer would be. confirming that he had recorded several new songs with the band (tracks that Roth described as amazing. fans were shocked to hear that the band parted ways with Warner Bros. while also admitting that they had not yet found Cherone's replacement and were no longer considering Roth. but tensions were high and Hagar and Anthony returned to the Warboritas the following year. Eddie Van Halen admitted to the public that he was battling cancer. Only a few days after Roth's news. Michael Anthony began making regular appearances with Sammy Hagar's Warboritas. when David Lee Roth went public on his website with an update. The shows were undeniably successful. In 2007. and in a surprise move. but hadn't heard back from them since the previous summer. along with a controversial lineup change that replaced Michael Anthony with Eddie's son Wolfgang on bass. The Best of Both Worlds.impending David Lee Roth/Van Halen reunion. The tour kicked off in September and went on to gross over 93 million dollars. but was told by his doctors that chances were good for a complete recovery. The next three years found various members tending to situations both personal and professional. its label since 1979. Things were kept completely hush-hush in the Van Halen camp until early 2001. Those rumors were confirmed on August 17th when the group announced legitimate dates.. In the summer of 2001. Van Halen were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame and rumors of a reunion tour with Roth began to circulate again. Right Now Balance Van Halen III . The bandmembers blamed the label for promoting younger bands. and astonishing). Months later. Eddie and longtime wife Valerie Bertinelli separated. David Lee Roth and Hagar hit the road together for the popular Heavyweight Champs of Rock & Roll Tour. the band announced that Hagar would return to the fold for an American tour in support of a new greatest-hits collection. Main Albums: 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1984 1986 1988 1991 1993 1995 1998 Van Halen Van Halen II Women and Children First Fair Warning Diver Down 1984 5150 OU812 For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge Live: Right Here.

bassist John Deacon joined them. Queen's music was a bizarre yet highly accessible fusion of the macho and the fey. By 1973. Following the departure of Smile's lead vocalist. the band played Top of the Pops. The origins of Queen lay in the hard rock psychedelic group Smile.Queen Few bands embodied the pure excess of the '70s like Queen. Queen were never taken seriously by rock critics -. Despite their enormous popularity. one of the most dynamic and charismatic frontmen in rock history. On the strength of their campily dramatic performances. May and Taylor formed a group with Freddie Mercury. as all four members completed college. just as they finished nearly a decade's worth of extraordinarily popular records. performing "Seven Seas of Rhye. releasing the Roy Thomas Baker-produced Queen that year and setting out on their first tour. was a flamboyant bisexual who managed to keep his sexuality in the closet until his death from AIDS in 1991. in 1971. they had begun to concentrate on their career. as epitomized on their best-known song. Following its release. but Queen II became an unexpected British breakthrough early in 1974. from their very name to their veiled lyrics -. their popularity peaked in the early '80s. the group retained a fanatical following except in America. they simply rehearsed. Before its release." In spite of such harsh criticism. even in the late '80s." Both the song and the performance were a smash success. Queen became one of the most popular bands in the world in the mid-'70s. and traces of Queen's music could be heard in several generations of hard rock and metal bands in the next two decades. pushing them toward kitschy humor and pseudo-classical arrangements. Tim Staffell. in England. playing just a handful of gigs. the British quartet delved deeply into camp and bombast.an infamous Rolling Stone review labeled their 1979 album Jazz as "fascist. And while those records were never praised. the album climbed to number 43 ." Mercury. and the single rocketed into the Top Ten. which guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor joined in 1967. mock-operatic sound with layered guitars and overdubbed vocals. it must be said. Embracing the exaggerated pomp of prog rock and heavy metal. the band's popularity rarely waned. Within a few months. Over the next two years. they remained second only to the Beatles in popularity and collectibility in the '90s. That would have been impossible without Mercury. setting the stage for Queen II to reach number five. For years. from Metallica to Smashing Pumpkins. Through his legendary theatrical performances. Nevertheless. In the States. supporting Mott the Hoople. their albums boasted the motto "no synthesizers were used on this record. they sold in enormous numbers. creating a huge. and they began rehearsing. But vocalist Freddie Mercury brought an extravagant sense of camp to the band. Queen was more or less a straight metal album and failed to receive much acclaim.it was truly bizarre to hear gay anthems like "We Are the Champions" turn into celebrations of sports victories." signaling their allegiance with the legions of post-Led Zeppelin hard rock bands. the former lead singer for Wreckage. his sexuality was apparent throughout Queen's music. "Bohemian Rhapsody. the group embarked on its first American tour. as well as vaudevillian music hall.

particularly in the U.S." became Queen's signature song. Their parties and indulgence quickly became legend in the rock world. The following year. "Under Pressure" was a last . Queen released their third album. Instead of proving the group's vitality. especially when they came to represent all of the worst tendencies of the old guard in the wake of punk. it was the most expensive rock record ever made at the time of its release. they performed a free concert at London's Hyde Park that broke attendance records. Because Queen embraced such mass success and adoration. With the help of David Bowie. However.K. and there were so many vocal overdubs on the record that it was possible see through the tape at certain points. it encapsulates their music. Following A Night at the Opera. their most diverse album to date. and they released the hit single "Somebody to Love" a few months later. mock-operatic structure punctuated by heavy metal riffing. charts. and with its bombastic. Their largely instrumental soundtrack to Flash Gordon was coldly received later in 1980. Queen were able to successfully compete with new wave with the 1981 hit single "Under Pressure" -. number one since "Bohemian Rhapsody" -. with the single "Fat Bottomed Girls"/"Bicycle Race" becoming an international hit despite the massive bad publicity surrounding their media stunt of staging a nude female bicycle race. In the summer of 1976. and they quickly took advantage of all their status had to offer. yet the band continued to work at a rapid rate. The song and A Night at the Opera were equally successful in America. The first single from the record." Queen shot one of the first conceptual music videos. The music hall meets Zeppelin "Killer Queen" climbed to number two on the U. Nevertheless.the song took three weeks to record.their first U.which was included both on their 1981 Greatest Hits and 1982's Hot Space.S. the public continued to buy Queen records. breaking the record for the longest run at number one.The Game became the group's first American number one album. Jazz nearly replicated that success. as each of their albums went into the Top Ten." News of the World became a Top Ten hit in 1977. the bottom fell out of the group's popularity.K.in the States. Featuring the Top Five double-A-sided single "We Are the Champions"/"We Will Rock You. Sheer Heart Attack. Queen were established as superstars. as the album climbed into the Top Ten and quickly went platinum. releasing The Game. It was followed by A Day at the Races. Queen were at the height of their popularity as they entered the '80s. To support "Bohemian Rhapsody. and number five in the U. taking the album to number two as well.. Sheer Heart Attack made some inroads in America as well. according to many reports. in 1980. shortly afterward. Queen labored long and hard over the record. they were scorned by the rock press. always going gold and usually platinum in the process. which was essentially a scaled-down version of A Night at the Opera that reached number one in the U. They continued to pile up hit singles in both Britain and America over the next five years. "Bohemian Rhapsody. setting the stage for the breakthrough of 1975's A Night at the Opera. It also is the symbol for their musical excesses -. On the strength of two number one singles -the campy rockabilly "Crazy Little Thing Called Love" and the disco-fied "Another One Bites the Dust" -. and the gamble paid off as the single spent nine weeks at number one in the England.K. before the end of 1974.

yet 1991's Innuendo was greeted more favorably. a double-disc release issued by the Hollywood label. Released under the "Queen + Paul Rodgers" tag. The following year. the remaining members of Queen held a memorial concert at Wembley Stadium that was broadcast to an international audience of more than one billion. The Queen name was revived in 2005. they returned to popularity in Britain in the wake of their show-stopping performance at Live Aid.K. as did a new studio album featuring Rodgers' vocals. Queen had drastically scaled back their activity. the remaining members of Queen were fairly quiet. entering the U. Following Mercury's death. they left Elektra and signed with Capitol. The same fate befell 1989's The Miracle. but they failed to make headway in the States.S. the concert raised millions for the Mercury Phoenix Trust. Nevertheless. Def Leppard. Made in Heaven. cultivating a large. with only "Radio Ga Ga" receiving much attention.gasp. and Africa. followed in 1998. a box set repackaging their first eight LPs.K. Main Albums: . particularly in Europe. was released in 1995 to mixed reviews and strong sales. they released A Kind of Magic to strong European sales. Annie Lennox. Featuring such guest artists as David Bowie. Roger Taylor cut a few records with the Cross. followed by an American release one month later. it still was a far bigger success in Europe. the former lead singer of Free and Bad Company. and number one in the U. The resulting album." which climbed to number two in the U. Crown Jewels. DVDs. dedicated fan base in Latin America.S. The following spring. but this time with "+ Paul Rodgers" appended to it. charts at number one. Reception was decidedly mixed. and Guns N' Roses. Elton John. Rodgers. On November 23. The Cosmos Rocks appeared in September 2008. continents that most rock groups ignored. which was established for AIDS awareness. The concert coincided with a revival of interest in "Bohemian Rhapsody. which he had been playing with since 1987. one of which was documented on 2005's Return of the Champions. Brian May released his second solo album. In 1985. International touring continued. while Deacon essentially retired. Asia. By 1991. Queen began touring foreign markets. ten years after the release of his first record. Faced with their decreased popularity in the U. he issued a statement confirming that he was stricken with AIDS. going gold and peaking at number 30 in the U. in the wake of its appearance in the Mike Myers comedy Wayne's World. in 1993. he died the next day. and the more rock-oriented The Works (1984) also was a minor hit. joined Brian May and Roger Taylor (John Deacon remained retired) for several live shows. and waning popularity in Britain. Archival live recordings. The three reunited in 1994 to record backing tapes for vocal tracks Mercury recorded on his death bed.S. causing many rumors to circulate about Freddie Mercury's health. Back to the Light. Shortly afterward. and compilations kept appearing through the new millennium. Hot Space was only a moderate hit.

ranked among the ten best-selling albums ever. who scored a Top Five hit with "Expressway to Your Heart" in 1967) and later renamed . 1946) moved to L. and the popularity of 2007's Long Road Out of Eden proved the Eagles' staying power in the new millenium. helped define the broadly popular rock sound that became known as classic rock. fourteen Top 40 hits.Their Greatest Hits (1971-1975) and Hotel California -. and four number one albums. on March 8. the Eagles achieved a perennial appeal among generations of music fans who continued to buy their records many years after they had split up. which helped inspire the Eagles' reunion in the mid-'90s.1973 Queen 1974 Queen II 1974 Sheer Heart Attack 1975 A Night at the Opera 1976 A Day at the Races [Japan Version] 1977 News of the World 1978 Jazz 1979 Live Killers 1980 The Game 1981 Flash Gordon 1982 Hot Space 1984 The Works 1986 A Kind of Magic 1986 Live Magic 1989 The Miracle 1991 Innuendo 1995 Made in Heaven 2005 Return of the Champions [live] 2008 In Vision 2 2008 The Cosmos Rocks The Eagles With five number one singles.and folk-tinged sound that initially found favor in Los Angeles during the late '60s. in their later work. Though most of its members came from outside California. the group was closely identified with a country. NE. the Eagles were among the most successful recording artists of the 1970s. in 1964 as part of a band originally called the Soul Survivors (not to be confused with the East Coast-based Soul Survivors. Singer/bassist Randy Meisner (born in Scottsbluff. As a result. At the end of the 20th century. The band was formed by four Los Angeles-based musicians who had migrated to the West Coast from other parts of the country. as championed by such bands as the Flying Burrito Brothers and Poco (both of which contributed members to the Eagles). two of those albums -. But the band also drew upon traditional rock & roll styles and.A.

Desperado. when they returned to England to record their second LP. agreeing to record for his soonto-be-launched label. It hit number one on the easy listening charts in . though never released as a single. In February 1972. "You Never Cry Like a Lover" and "The Best of My Love. The title track. Souther. who handled the rest of the sessions for On the Border. the backup group for Rick Nelson."Take It Easy" and "Witchy Woman" -. "Already Gone. Meisner and Leadon also played backup for Ronstadt during her summer tour. It was released in June. The first single. a concept album about outlaws. they adopted the name the Eagles. in the summer of 1968. spawning the Top 40 single "Tequila Sunrise" in the process. Henley. But the most successful song on the LP -. Bill Szymczyk. on July 19. FL. singer/guitarist/banjoist/mandolinist Bernie Leadon (born in Minneapolis. became one of the band's better-known songs and was included on the Eagles' first hits collection. He became a founding member of Poco in 1968. In the spring of 1971. Don Felder (born in Gainesville. Szymczyk brought in a session guitarist. Their desire to make harder rock music clashed with Johns' sense of them as a country-rock band. on November 6. Frey and Henley were hired to play in Linda Ronstadt's backup band. the Eagles' fastest-selling album yet. it reached the Top 40 and went gold in a little less than a year and a half." which was released as a single in November. Linda Ronstadt.A. which made one self-titled album for Amos Records before breaking up. 1947) moved to L. Glenn Frey (born in Detroit. in 1967 as a member of Hearts and Flowers.A.A. TX. they flew to England and spent two weeks recording their debut album. 1948) performed in his hometown and served as a backup musician for Bob Seger before moving to L.the one that broke them through to a much larger audience -. on July 22. and they split from the producer after recording two tracks. which released their self-titled album in 1969. however. On the Border was released in March 1974. Frey." The Eagles toured as an opening act throughout 1972 and into early 1973. He formed the duo Longbranch Pennywhistle with J. an old friend of Bernie Leadon's who so impressed the rest of the band that he was recruited to join the group." reached the Top 20 the same month. In September 1971. They did. "Peaceful Easy Feeling. in June 1970 with his band Shiloh. 1947) arrived in L. Finally. It went gold and reached the Top Ten in June. however. Leadon. later joining Dillard & Clark and then the Flying Burrito Brothers. After touring to support Desperado's release. reaching the Top 20 and going gold in a little over a year and a half on the strength of two Top Ten hits -. MI.the Poor.and one Top 20 hit. on September 21.D. MN. though the four only did one gig together: a July show at Disneyland. 1947). soon after. the band decided to hire Walsh's producer.was "The Best of My Love. but left the band prior to the release of its debut album in order to join the Stone Canyon Band. Asylum Records. with producer Glyn Johns. and Meisner signed with manager David Geffen." After an early 1974 tour opened by singer/guitarist Joe Walsh. Produced by Glyn Johns and released in April 1973. all appear on Ronstadt's next album. and the two musicians signed to Amos Records. the Eagles again convened a recording session with Glyn Johns for their third album. Singer/drummer Don Henley (born in Gilmer. Meanwhile. Eagles.

" "Lyin' Eyes" won the 1975 Grammy Award for Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo. and at a week-long series of shows at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium.) Released in November 1980. 1947). in February 1976. in May for stadium dates. The album's success proved to be surprisingly meteoric. At the end of the tour in September. it was announced that Bernie Leadon had quit the band. KS. The Eagles' extensive touring kept them out of the studio. Their Greatest Hits (1971-1975). The group went on a headlining world tour. was an out-of-the-box smash. it went gold the same month and hit number one in July. then returned to the U. CA..000. It hit number one and was certified platinum after four months. or Chorus. he was replaced by Timothy B. But on December 20. Released in June 1975. The Eagles embarked on a world tour in March 1977 that began with a month in the U. the album itself was nominated for Album of the Year and for Best Pop Vocal Performance by a Duo. and "Life in the Fast Lane" made the Top 20. it featured three singles that hit the Top Five: the chart-topping title song. in which he also had replaced Meisner.S. "Heartache Tonight" won the 1979 Grammy for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. November 20.S. . The singles "New Kid in Town" and "Hotel California" hit number one. eventually selling upwards of 25. Moreover. followed by a month in Europe and the Far East. It took the Eagles 18 months to follow One of These Nights with their fifth album. It topped the charts and became a phenomenal success. hit number one. Released in December 1976.000 copies and dueling with Michael Jackson's Thriller for the title of the best-selling album of all time in the U. in 1980.S. and expanding into Europe. Group. on November 20. the record was certified platinum in one week. One of These Nights. eventually earning multi-platinum certifications. "Lyin' Eyes.S. formerly of Poco.S.000 copies. and with no immediate plans for a new album. the double LP (since reissued as a single CD) reached the Top Five and went multi-platinum. The Eagles' fourth album. 1947) was brought in as his replacement. Group. Schmit (born in Sacramento. they agreed to release a compilation. 1975. The Eagles began working on a new album in March 1978 and took nearly a year and a half to complete it. and Joe Walsh (born in Wichita. and "I Can't Tell You Why" and "The Long Run" became Top Ten hits.000. The Eagles toured the U. hit number one in January 1977. Hotel California. they recorded Eagles Live. Meanwhile. "Hotel California" won the 1977 Grammy for Record of the Year and was nominated for Song of the Year. "Heartache Tonight. and the Eagles also earned Grammy nominations for Album of the Year (One of These Nights) and Record of the Year ("Lyin' Eyes")." and "Take It to the Limit.February 1975 and topped the pop charts a month later. which continued to the Far East in early 1976. and eventually sold over 10. or Chorus." its lead-off single. The Long Run was released in September 1979. beginning with the U. with the single "Seven Bridges Road" reaching the Top 40. (Also included were some tracks recorded in 1976. Randy Meisner left the band. He immediately joined the tour.

Four years later. 1999. and Felder was expelled from the lineup in February 2001. when the five present members performed alongside past members Leadon and Meisner. (Walsh. but they declined. Main Albums: 1972 Eagles 1973 Desperado 1974 On the Border 1975 One of These Nights 1976 Hotel California 1979 The Long Run 1980 Eagles Live 1994 Hell Freezes Over 2007 Long Road Out of Eden 2009 New Zealand Concert [live] Metallica . A protracted legal battle ensued as the Eagles soldiered on as a quartet. that same year." Felder's case was settled out of court in 2007. however. The MTV show aired in October. but did not take place. during. a double-disc album that quickly went multi-platinum. All five released solo recordings. All was not well within the band. however.) During the rest of the 1980s. they taped an MTV concert special and then launched a tour that ended up running through August 1996. Long Road Out of Eden. the Eagles did reunite. Frey and Henley began writing together again. but their breakup was not officially announced until May 1982." The Eagles next appeared together in January 1998 for their induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. spawning the Top 40 pop hit "Get Over It" and the number one adult contemporary hit "Love Will Keep Us Alive. the bandmembers received several lucrative offers to reunite. they played a millennium concert at the Staples Center in Los Angeles that was recorded and included on the box set retrospective Selected Works: 1972-1999 in November 2000. and they performed along with Schmit and Walsh at benefit concerts that spring. maintained a solo career before. the Eagles returned with the band's seventh studio album. In the spring of 1994. A full-scale reunion was rumored.The Eagles were inactive after the end of their 1980 tour. of course. followed in November by an audio version of it. releasing The Very Best of the Eagles in 2003 and achieving minor success with the single "Hole in the World. and after the Eagles. In 1990. the album Hell Freezes Over. On December 31. which topped the charts and became a multi-million seller.

When the band decided to continue. The band's take on Bob Seger's "Turn the Page" helped maintain their presence in the charts. respected not only by headbangers. but to enhance their intricately structured compositions.S. James Hetfield developed a signature rhythm playing that matched his growl. reconfirming the group's immense popularity. Responsible for bringing the genre back to Earth. Aggressively targeting copyright infringement of their own material.And Justice for All. the band notoriously had over 300.they cut their hair and had their picture taken by Anton Corbijn. using speed and volume not for their own sake.000 users kicked off the service.. Metallica also expanded the limits of thrash. a file-sharing service that allowed users to download music files from each other's computers. With each album. The album moved the band toward alternative rock in terms of image -. appeared in 1997. certain members of their fanbase complained about the shift in image. which combined new material with songs left off of the original Load record. No other heavy metal band has ever been able to pull off such a feat.. Burton died in the accident. To support the record. which hit the Top Ten without any radio play and very little support from MTV. Metallica spent most of 2000 embroiled in controversy by spearheading a legal assault against Napster. However. most influential heavy metal band of the '80s. Lars Ulrich's thunderous (yet complex) drumming clicked in perfectly with Cliff Burton's innovative bass playing.. and Metallica continued their flood of product with 1999's S&M." Garage Inc. followed in 1998. including "Fuel" and "The Memory Remains. but by mainstream record buyers and critics. entering the charts at number one and selling three million copies within two months. Metallica launched a long tour that kept the musicians on the road for nearly two years. 1996's Load. tragedy struck the band when their tour bus crashed while traveling in Sweden. bringing new complexity and depth to thrash metal. rarities. Re-Load.Metallica was easily the best. while lead guitarist Kirk Hammett became one of the most copied guitarists in metal. they were the leaders of the genre. and newly recorded covers. as well as the group's decision to headline the sixth Lollapalooza. By the '90s. the band released the conceptually ambitious . a self-titled effort that found the band trading in their long compositions for more concise song structures. It debuted at number two. which documented a live concert with the San Francisco Symphony. But Metallica completely crossed over into the mainstream with 1991's Metallica. shunning the usual rockstar games of metal musicians during the early '80s. the bandmates looked and talked like they were from the street. a double-disc collection of B-sides. alone. it resulted in a number one album that sold over seven million copies in the U. despite poor reviews. Jason Newsted was chosen to replace Burton. two years later. Metallica had changed the rules for all heavy metal bands. the band's playing and writing improved. Peppered with hits like "Wherever I May Roam" and "Enter Sandman". the group lost a portion of their core audience with their long-awaited followup to Metallica. To complete the package. The release of 1983's Kill 'Em All marked the beginning of the legitimization of heavy metal's underground. creating a . Although the album was a hit upon its summer release. it sold at a typically brisk pace and spun off several successful singles. After releasing their masterpiece Master of Puppets in 1986.

widespread debate over the availability of digital music that raged for most of the year. Four years later. He completed treatment and rejoined the band as they headed back into the studio in 2002 to record St. Anger) peppered the record with metallic riffs and frenetic solos.. That same summer. which saw theatrical release in 2004. Anger 2008 Death Magnetic 2010 Devil's Dance: Live in Lisbon 2008 U2 . Hammett. the band's recording sessions (and all other band-related matters) were put on hold as Hetfield entered an undisclosed rehab facility for alcoholism and other addictions. Metallica surprisingly dropped their lawsuit against Napster. The recording of St. Former Slayer producer Rick Rubin helmed the album. while Kirk Hammett (who was forbidden to play guitar solos on St. and Ulrich entered the recording studio to begin work on their next album. rumors swirled of former Ozzy Osbourne/Alice in Chains bassist Mike Inez being considered for the vacated position). which was later released in mid-2003. Hetfield. In January 2001. perhaps sensing that their controversial stance did more bad than good to their "band of the people" image. Anger were captured in the celebrated documentary Some Kind of Monster. After a long audition process. an energized album that returned the band to its early-'80s roots. In July. Shortly after the band appeared at the ESPN awards in April of the same year. the band returned with Death Magnetic. Anger was capped with the search for a permanent replacement for Newstead. Main Albums: 1983 Kill 'Em All 1984 Ride the Lightning 1986 Master of Puppets 1988 . Anger. bassist Jason Newsted announced his amicable departure from the band.. with producer Bob Rock lined up to handle bass duties for the sessions (meanwhile. The growing pains that the band experienced during the recording of St. former Ozzy Osbourne/Suicidal Tendencies bass player Robert Trujillo was selected and joined Metallica for their 2003/2004 world tour. having replaced the band's longtime producer Bob Rock.And Justice for All 1991 Metallica 1996 Load 1997 Reload 1999 S&M [live] 2000 No Leaf Clover 2003 St.

May 10. The Edge provided the group with a signature sound by creating sweeping sonic landscapes with his heavily processed. and Dick Evans responded to the ad. By the end of the year. Shortly afterward. the Edge (born David Evans. It's no accident that footage of Bono parading with a white flag with "Sunday Bloody Sunday" blaring in the background became the defining moment of U2's early career -. Even with a powerful manager in their corner. posted a notice on a high-school bulletin board asking for fellow musicians to form a band. Larry Mullen. U2 became one of the most popular rock & roll bands of the '80s. had seen the band play and offered to manage them. Jr. and Adam Clayton played the songs as driving hard rock. . owing equally to the experimentalism of late-'70s Bowie and '90s electronic dance and techno. the Stranglers' manager. where it topped the national charts. Shortly afterward. echoed guitars. By performing such a successful reinvention. Bono. so it's slightly ironic that the band formed in 1976. Jr. U2 were able to sustain such popularity in the '90s by reinventing themselves as a postmodern. this time adopting the moniker of U2. U2 Three. Unlike many of their contemporaries. guitar. and there rarely was a band that didn't care if they appeared foolish in the process. they began to play in England. drums). powerful edge that was designed for arenas. self-consciously ironic. Paul McGuinness. In the fall of 1979.Through a combination of zealous righteousness and post-punk experimentalism. the rhythm section of Larry Mullen. bass). (born October 31. During the course of the early '80s. when they won a talent contest sponsored by Guinness. and they failed an audition with CBS Records at the end of the year. was a frontman with a knack of grand gestures that played better in stadiums than small clubs. in addition to earning additional critical respect. August 8. the group quickly built up a dedicated following through constant touring and a string of acclaimed records. 1961. Ireland. vocals). before punk had even reached their hometown of Dublin. With its textured guitars. 1960. but they failed to gain much attention away from home. 1960. during the members' final year of high school. dance-inflected pop/rock act. 1961. and the teenagers banded together as Beatles and Stones cover band called the Feedback. the band confirmed its status as one of the most popular bands in rock history. Bono (born Paul Hewson.there rarely was a band that believed so deeply in rock's potential for revolution as U2. U2's first big break arrived in 1978. the band had trouble making much headway. The EP was available only in Ireland. Adam Clayton (born March 13. And their lead singer. They were rock & roll crusaders during an era of synthesized pop and heavy metal. U2's sound was undeniably indebted to post-punk. the band's following had grown large enough to propel them to the level of international superstardom with the release of The Joshua Tree. Dick Evans left the band to form the Virgin Prunes. vocals). equally known for their sweeping sound as for their grandiose statements about politics and religion. They then changed their name to the Hype in 1977. and the group changed names once again. keyboards. Though the Edge's style wasn't conventional. giving the band a forceful. By 1987. U2 released their debut EP.

along with their touring. entering the U." in early 1980 before Island Records offered the group a contract.K." During the supporting tour.S. was released. charts at number one and elevating them into arenas in the United States. While U2 had become one of the most successful rock bands of the '80s. The project became Rattle & Hum. reaching number 11 on the charts. where the album peaked at number 12. the band's full-length debut. as evidenced by the international hits "Sunday Bloody Sunday" and "New Year's Day.S. the band released the live EP Wide Awake in America in 1985. U2 entered the studios with co-producers Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois. Later that year. and it became their British breakthrough. The EP entered in the U. U2 was able to take Boy into the American Top 70 in early 1981. a film that was supported by a double-album soundtrack that was divided between live tracks and new material.S. only Clayton was not a practicing Christian. recording new material along the way. charts at number two. earning U2 the cover of respected publications like Time magazine. they didn't truly become superstars until the spring 1987 release of The Joshua Tree. providing the impetus for the Band Aid and Live Aid projects in 1984 and 1985. becoming the most successful live recording in British history. the record and film received the . who helped give the resulting album an experimental. including opening gigs for Talking Heads. Through constant touring. Greeted with enthusiastic reviews. "Another Day. and their righteous political stance soon became replicated by many other bands. releasing the show as an EP and video titled Under a Blood Red Sky. The album also generated the group's first Top 40 hit in America with "(Pride) In the Name of Love. U2 had become one of the most popular bands in the world. The Joshua Tree became the band's first American number one hit and their third straight album to enter the U. atmospheric but edgy sound was unlike most of its post-punk contemporaries. gave the group a formidable cult following in the U. also produced by Lillywhite. War had a stronger political message than its predecessors. Released in the spring of 1983.K.K. the Lillywhite-produced War became U2's breakthrough release. it set a record by going platinum within 28 hours. Jr.K. Boy. Released in the fall of 1984. For the follow-up to War. By early 1983. in England. Boy's "I Will Follow" and October's "Gloria" had become staples on MTV. the band filmed its concert at Colorado's Red Rocks Amphitheater. the record's sweeping. October. atmospheric tone. followed in the fall. Generating the U. charts at number one and reaching number 12 in the U. charts at number one.U2 scored one more chart-topping single." a tribute to Martin Luther King. which. U2 decided to film a documentary about their American tour. number one hits "With or Without You" and "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For. Following the tour. entering the U. respectively. The Unforgettable Fire replicated the chart status of War. Produced by Steve Lillywhite. many of which proclaimed the album a masterpiece. highlighted by a show-stealing performance at Live Aid." The Joshua Tree and the group's supporting tour became the biggest success story of 1987. While the album Rattle & Hum was a hit. U2 supported the album with a successful international tour. and the band earned further attention for its public embrace of Christianity.

the resulting record. The album took longer to complete than usual. It was greeted with a muted reception. U2 entered the studio to complete an EP of new material that soon became the full-length Zooropa.weakest reviews of U2's career. U2 reconvened in Berlin in 1990 to record a new album with Eno and Lanois. the tour was an innovative blend of multimedia electronics. Where they had been inspired by post-punk in the early career and American music during their mid-career. Zooropa demonstrated a heavier techno and dance influence than Achtung Baby and received strong reviews. Kiss Me. Bono devised an alter ego called the Fly. Inspired equally by late-'70s Bowie and the Madchester scene in the U. Following the release of Rattle & Hum. country. U2 re-emerged with "Hold Me. When it was finally released. Soul II Soul). represented a successful reinvention of the band's trademark sound. soul. with many critics taking issue with the group's fascination with American roots music like blues. Jr. Nevertheless.K. which was a knowing send-up of rock stardom. Upon the completion of the Zooropa tour in late 1993. In . and it became clear that the new album was going to be heavily influenced by techno. the Fly metamorphosed into the demonic MacPhisto. which dominated the remainder of the tour. the band took an extended hiatus. the group launched an elaborate tour to support Achtung Baby. the band took another extended break. During the subsequent Zooropa tour. would be a rock & roll record. however. Many hardcore U2 fans (including drummer Larry Mullen. U2 delved into electronic and dance music with Achtung Baby. While the sessions for the album were difficult. Achtung Baby. even though they had not abandoned their trademark righteous political anger. Kill Me. Demand for the album lessened in the following months. Achtung Baby was sonically more eclectic and adventurous than U2's earlier work. releasing the record under the name the Passengers late in 1995. and Pop ultimately became the band's least popular album in over a decade.) were unhappy with the Passengers project. Later that year. Even under the ironic guise of the Fly and Zoo TV.. the album stalled at sales of two million and failed to generate a big hit single. featuring a stage filled with televisions." Early in 1992. it was evident that U2 were looser and more fun than ever before. a few tracks. ultimately being pushed back to the spring of 1997. and electronic music. they recorded the collaborative album Original Soundtracks. but it was greeted with strong initial sales and a few positive reviews. Thrill Me." a glam rock theme to Batman Forever that was produced by Nellee Hooper (Björk. dance. and cellular phones. Dubbed Zoo TV. 1 with Brian Eno. and it didn't alienate their core audience. Following the completion of the American Zoo TV tour in late 1992 and preceding the launch of the tour's European leg. including the forthcoming first single "Discotheque. both critically and commercially. and U2 promised their next album. Vol. to be released in the fall of 1996. During its delay. The album debuted at number one throughout the world and spawned Top Ten hits with "Mysterious Ways" and "One." were leaked. Pop did indeed bear a heavier dance influence. Released in the summer of 1993 to coincide with the tour of the same name. and folk. During 1995. suspended cars.

The Vertigo Tour became the highest-grossing tour of 2005. with a second leg planned for 2010. all of whom helped shape the sound of U2's 12th studio effort. which charted well in multiple countries. How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb. Main Albums: 1980 1981 1983 1983 1984 1987 1988 1991 1993 Boy October War Under a Blood Red Sky [live] The Unforgettable Fire The Joshua Tree Rattle and Hum Achtung Baby Zooropa . including Album of the Year. but the remaining material was ultimately scrapped. Included in the comprehensive track list was a remixed version of "Sweetest Thing. Rock Album of the Year. the band embarked on another lucrative tour that summer." and became the band's biggest-selling record in years. U2 were inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in early 2005 and launched an international tour soon after. The album also garnered eight Grammy Awards." originally released as B-side in 1987. reached number three in America.S. it hit the top of the Billboard charts and quickly gained platinum status. October. Daniel Lanois. selling out arena venues in the U. even so. its gross of $389 million had made it the second most successful tour ever. The band then turned to longtime friends Brian Eno. and Song of the Year (for "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own. by the time the entire tour concluded in late 2006. although the release date was ultimately pushed back to March 2009. the group returned with Best of 1980-1990. Entitled No Line on the Horizon.late 1998. and Steve Lillywhite. and War. U2 returned to the drawing board in 2006 by partnering with veteran rock producer Rick Rubin. (The Elevation tour that followed also brought U2 a hefty paycheck. Released in November 2004.) Steve Lillywhite." which Bono had written for his father). earned Grammy Awards for the singles "Beautiful Day" and "Walk On. U2 teamed up with Eno and Lanois once again to release All That You Can't Leave Behind in fall 2000. and outdoor stadium shows abroad. Two songs from those sessions appeared on the compilation U218 Singles. No Line on the Horizon was met with enthusiastic reviews but failed to yield a big radio single. the first in a series of hits collections issued in conjunction with a reported 50 million dollar agreement with Polygram. the album was originally slated to appear in October 2008. producer of the early-'80s landmarks Boy. melding the band's classic sound with contemporary trends. returned to the helm for U2's next record. Three years after the mediocre response to Pop. The album was heralded as a return to form. It topped charts around the world.

the group played local London pubs. The single was a sizable hit for an independent release. While they weren't punk. interlocking waves of sounds and effects. but it failed to chart. Late in 1977. As their career progressed. The Police set out on a tour of America in the summer of 1978 without any record to support. The two musicians met at a local jazz club and decided to form a progressive pop band with guitarist Henri Padovani. they were hired to appear as a bleached-blonde punk band in a chewing gum commercial. who was also the manager of the Police. selling about 70. experimenting with jazz and various world musics. Copeland. All the while. Stewart Copeland and Sting (born Gordon Sumner) formed the Police in 1977. and by 1983. All three members were considerably more technically proficient than the average punk or new wave band. Soon. Andy Summers had a precise guitar attack that created dense. was capable of constructing infectiously catchy pop songs. committing to a contract that gave the group a higher royalty rate in lieu of a large advance. traveling across the country in a rented van and playing with rented equipment. While the commercial provided exposure." on IRS. For the first few months. an independent label Stewart Copeland founded with his brother Miles." Summers had previous played with Eric Burdon's second lineup of the Animals.1997 2000 2004 2009 Pop All That You Can't Leave Behind How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb No Line on the Horizon The Police Nominally. Released in the fall of 1978. the Zoot Money's Big Roll Band. internal tensions caused the band to splinter apart in 1984. on the side. they were the most popular rock & roll band in the world. the band's tight delivery and mastery of the pop single kept their audience increasing. Outlandos d'Amour began a slow climb into the British Top Ten and American Top 30. the Kevin Ayers Band. the Police certainly demonstrated that the punk spirit could have a future in pop music. The Police signed with A&M by the spring of 1978. Sting was a teacher and a ditch digger who played in jazz-rock bands. And Sting. Prior to the band's formation. including Last Exit. had attended college in California. Stewart Copeland could play polyrhythms effortlessly. Padovani was replaced by Andy Summers. with Sting picking up the majority of the band's audience to become an international superstar. reggae-injected pop/rock was punky. the Police were punk rock. . but that's only in the loosest sense of the term. The trio's nervous. Though they were at the height of their fame. keening voice. with his high. the band released its first single. and Neil Sedaka. A&M released "Roxanne" in the spring of 1978. but it wasn't necessarily punk. a veteran of the British Invasion. "Fall Out. the son of a CIA agent. before he moved to England and joined the progressive rock band Curved Air.000 copies. the Police grew considerably more adventurous. following the release of "Fall Out. it drew the scorn of genuine punkers.

The Police never returned from sabbatical." Spending eight weeks at the top of the U.. reaching number one in the U. which entered the U. sending Synchronicity to multi-platinum status in America and Britain.K. personal and creative tensions between the bandmembers had escalated greatly. as "Every Little Thing She Does Is Magic" became their biggest hit to date. The Police supported the album with a blockbuster. a British film based on the Who album of the same name. it spent four weeks at the top of the U. Zenyatta Mondatta. the band returned to the studio in the summer of 1981 to record their fourth album with producer Hugh Padgham. and number two in the U. releasing a solo single. charts. the Police were able to sell out Madison Square Garden. each member pursued side projects during the course of the year. in America. By the beginning of 1981. De Da Da Da" in the winter. including Thailand. as well as the San Francisco Ballet's King Lear. and released an album under the name Klark Kent. became the Police's North American breakthrough. "Spread a Little Happiness. later that year. tour supporting Alberto y los Trios Paranoias and released the "So Lonely" single.S. where it would stay for 17 weeks. taking Outlandos d'Amour to number six. charts. topping the U. in England. with Robert Fripp. charts at number one and quickly climbed to the same position in the U. charts. Ghost in the Machine. Ghost in the Machine became an instant hit. reaching the Top Ten in the U. Synchronicity became a blockbuster success on the strength of the ballad "Every Breath You Take. Following their whirlwind success of 1980 and 1981. in which they were named the Best British Group at the first Brit Awards and won three Grammys.S. the band took a break in 1982. The Police returned in the summer of 1983 with Synchronicity." Reggatta de Blanc (fall 1979) established the group as stars in England and Europe.K." from the soundtrack. Capitalizing on their success.S.K. Festival. Summers recorded an instrumental album. Sting appeared in Quadrophenia. Sting acted in Brimstone and Treacle. were completed within a couple months. record-breaking world tour that set precedents for tours for the remainder of the '80s. and the album. By the spring of 1979. Greece. and they had no desire . In the summer of 1979. I Advance Masked. the album spent four weeks at number one.Immediately after its release. Miles Copeland had the band tour several countries that rarely received concerts from foreign performers. the group began a U.S. Preceded by the number one British single "Message in a Bottle.K. which were filmed for a BBC documentary hosted by Jools Holland.S. he also played on several sessions for Peter Gabriel.K. Though they played their first arena concerts and headlined the U. following the number ten placing of "De Do Do Do. the single became their second Top Ten hit in the spring of 1981. and Canada. became the group's second number one single in the U. India. appeared in the fall of 1981. he acted in Radio On. charts for four weeks. and Egypt. Copeland scored Francis Ford Coppola's Rumble Fish. Following its release. the re-released "Roxanne" had climbed to number 12 on the U. Once the tour was completed. the band announced they were going on "sabbatical" in order to pursue outside interests. "Every Breath You Take" became one of the biggest American hits of all time. released in the fall of 1980.K. "King of Pain" and "Wrapped Around Your Finger" became hits over the course of 1983. Mexico. the song became a British hit.." the album's first single. "Don't Stand So Close to Me.K. During the Synchronicity tour. The sessions.

and continued to compose scores for film and television. releasing The Dream of the Blue Turtles in 1985. had joined the ranks. where Copeland and Sting appeared on one track together -. beginning on May 28. and Summers' autobiography. followed in 1995 by the double album Live. Odd side projects and collaborations with other musicians continued. it became apparent that Sting had no intention of giving the band his new songs to record. Amid the hoopla.Summers continued his art rock and jazz fusion experiments. but 1992 found Summers taking the helm as musical director for Dennis Miller's late-night show and Sting taking his vows with Trudie Styler. That same year a Greatest Hits album was released in the U. The band did reorganize enough to perform three tunes at the induction ceremony.. Main Albums 1978 Outlandos d'Amour . Broken Music.but still no signs of a full-blown reunion. 2007. it was announced that the Police would indeed be embarking on a world tour. There was a brief reunion of sorts with original Police guitarist Henri Padovani.to work together for a while. Featuring a new version of "Don't Stand So Close to Me. As the studio session unraveled. Copeland recorded the worldbeat exploration The Rhythmatist in 1985.this time for the 49th Annual Grammy Awards. and in 1994 the box set Message in a Box: The Complete Recordings was released. but the real Police news came in conjunction with another seemingly one-off reunion gig -. it looked as if that single show was going to be the extent of their collaboration. on his 2004 album A Croire Que C'Etait Pour la Vie. Sting released his autobiography. in Vancouver. With his solo career -. Everyone Stares: The Police Inside Out. Things again went quite on the Police front as the millennium rolled around. the Police made a few attempts to reunite. dismissed any rumors of an official Police reunion in the future. A few more quiet years passed. but even those were thrown off track after Copeland suffered a polo injury. in 2003. the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inducted the group into its pantheon. so the group re-recorded a couple of old songs. but again." the compilation Every Breath You Take: The Singles was released for the 1986 Christmas season.K. then. playing an Amnesty International concert and attempting to record a handful of new tracks for a greatest-hits album in the summer. Sting began working on a jazz-tinged solo project immediately. he later formed the prog rock band Animal Logic. just as quickly. becoming the group's fifth straight British number one and their fourth American Top Ten. he also occasionally collaborated Fripp and John Etheridge. During 1986. and by 2006 Copeland's documentary. the three Policemen hopped on-stage for a very impromptu set.which didn't officially begin until the release of 1987's XYZ -. in 2003. One Train Later. Then. The album became an international hit. Copeland and Summers demonstrated no inclination to follow their bandmate's path. At the wedding. establishing him as a commercial force outside of the band.

the Doors managed to turn out a series of successful albums and singles through 1971. upon the completion of L. on which they drew upon stone-cold blues for much of their inspiration. they had exhausted their initial reservoir of compositions.A. chilling vocals and somber poetic visions. The Doors. the group experimented with brass sections. and pop into sinister but beguiling melodies. Accused (without much merit) by much of the rock underground as pop sellouts. Woman. On The Soft Parade. their best early work. Eastern music. and some of the tracks they hurriedly devised to meet public demand were clearly inferior to. the group charged back hard with the final two albums they recorded with Morrison. Like "Light My Fire. The group signed to Elektra Records in 1966 and released its first album." the debut album was a massive hit. and Jim Morrison. were formed in Los Angeles in 1965 by UCLA film students Ray Manzarek. Morrison was . with mixed results. and although their next few albums contained a wealth of first-rate material. By their third album. when. keyboards." in 1967. classical. Morrison was arrested for indecent exposure during a concert in Miami. in fact. that the Doors were hard-pressed to match it. the Doors' focus was the charismatic Morrison. Blending blues. an incident that nearly derailed the band. the band sounded like no other.A. but ultimately disbanded. Morrison decamped for Paris. The three surviving Doors tried to carry on without him. with which he sang and intoned his highly poetic lyrics. Woman. In 1969. With his rich. vocals. Nevertheless. who proved increasingly unstable over the group's brief career. sonorous voice. groundbreaking recordings of the psychedelic era. Their first effort was so stellar. The group never added a bass player. with drummer John Densmore and guitarist Robby Krieger. and endures as one of the most exciting. He died there. and imitative of. especially on 1971's L. apparently of a drug overdose.1979 1980 1981 1983 1995 Reggatta de Blanc Zenyatta Mondatta Ghost in the Machine Synchronicity Live! The Doors The Doors. Yet the Doors' music and Morrison's legend continued to fascinate succeeding generations of rock fans: In the mid-'80s. the group also began running up against the limitations of their recklessly disturbing visions. From the start. and their sound was dominated by Manzarek's electric organ work and Morrison's deep. featuring the hit "Light My Fire. Morrison explored the depths of the darkest and most thrilling aspects of the psychedelic experience. one of the most influential and controversial rock bands of the 1960s.

and Who into their sound. the Stones never really abandoned blues. but as the hippie dream began to break apart. It wasn't without difficulty. director Oliver Stone made The Doors.A. while at a 1969 free concert at Altamont. the Stones became the breakout band of the British blues scene.as big a star as he'd been in the mid-'60s. Over the course of their career. hard-driving blues-based rock & roll that came to define hard rock. Backed by the strong yet subtly swinging rhythm section of bassist Bill Wyman and drummer Charlie Watts. In 1991. Shortly after he was fired from the group. they exposed and reveled in the new rock culture. tempering his macho showmanship with a detached. blues-soaked hard rock quintet.. a concertgoer was brutally killed during the Stones' show. But the . Jones was found dead in a swimming pool. incorporating the British pop of contemporaries like the Beatles. while publishers have flooded bookstores with Doors and Morrison biographies. Mick Jagger became the prototypical rock frontman. eclipsing such contemporaries as the Animals and Them. Main Albums: 1967 The Doors 1967 Strange Days 1968 Waiting for the Sun 1969 The Soft Parade 1970 Absolutely Live 1970 Morrison Hotel 1971 L. but as soon as they reached popularity in the U. they began experimenting musically. they had already staked out an impressive claim on the title. interlocking rhythm guitars. and Elektra has sold numerous quantities of the Doors' original albums plus reissues and releases of live material over the years. a feature film about the group starring Val Kilmer as Morrison. After a brief dalliance with psychedelia. the Stones had pioneered the gritty. With his preening machismo and latent maliciousness. of course. As the self-consciously dangerous alternative to the bouncy Merseybeat of the Beatles in the British Invasion. Kinks.K. the Stones re-emerged in the late '60s as a jaded. The Stones always flirted with the seedy side of rock & roll. Woman 1971 Other Voices 1972 Full Circle The Rolling Stones By the time the Rolling Stones began calling themselves the World's Greatest Rock & Roll Band in the late '60s. campy irony while Keith Richards and Brian Jones wrote the blueprint for sinewy.

the group named itself the Rolling Stones. Jones also moonlighted under the name Elmo Jones at the Ealing Blues Club. he would later form the Pretty Things. Inc. they were never less than the most visible band of their era -. vocals) remained at the core of the Rolling Stones. who became the Stones' manager. Inc. Before Taylor's departure. After a few months of persuasion. With the assistance of drummer Tony Chapman. The pair initially met as children at Dartford Maypole County Primary School. By 1963. Taylor left the band to attend the Royal College of Art. Jones. He ran away to Scandinavia when he was 16. Inc. they continued to record and perform. Avory also left the group -. Throughout their career. signing them from underneath Crawdaddy's Giorgio Gomelsky. Taylor left again and was replaced by Bill Wyman. and Dick Taylor. to work at an advertising agency once the group's schedule became too hectic. formerly of the Cliftons. At the time. Within a year. which now featured drummer Charlie Watts. the group consisted of Jagger. At the time.certainly. where he began playing with the Ramrods. a Cheltenham native who had dropped out of school to play saxophone and clarinet. Blues Inc. Weeks after the concert. For the next 30 years. Dick Taylor.he would later join the Kinks -. the fledgling band recorded a demo tape. As he played with his group. and the Stones began an eight-month residency at the Crawdaddy Club. Jones had already had a wild life. when they met through a mutual friend. whether it was musical or aesthetic. 1962.'s lead singer. and while their records weren't always blockbusters. and it is impossible to hear any of the groups that followed them without detecting some sort of influence. vocals). the band's lineup had been set. and they soon began playing together with Taylor and Stewart. and. among those he recruited was the heavyset blues pianist Ian Stewart. It also attracted the attention of Andrew Loog Oldham. The Rolling Stones gave their first performance at the Marquee Club in London on July 12. during this time. eventually making each other's acquaintance again in 1960. where he played in Alexis Korner's group. Richards joined the band. who had briefly returned to the fold. They drifted apart over the next ten years. And no band since has proven to have such a broad fan base or far-reaching popularity. After the tape was rejected by EMI. Mick was elevated to the status of Blues. borrowing the moniker from a Muddy Waters song. which proved to substantially increase their fan base. cameos by Jagger and Richards. At the pub. Richards.. drummer Mick Avory. who proved to be unsatisfactory. they had met Brian Jones (guitar. who had quit Blues.Stones never stopped going. Jagger was studying at the London School of Economics and playing with Taylor in the blues band Little Boy Blue and the Blue Boys. Jones quickly decided he wanted to form his own group and advertised for members. who was attending Sidcup Art School with Richards. he moved to London. Shortly afterward. He returned to Cheltenham after a few months. he had already fathered two illegitimate children. Shortly afterward. he became reacquainted with Blues. on occasion. he was gifted at . the band recruited Charlie Watts. pianist Ian Stewart. by that time. Mick Jagger (vocals) and Keith Richards (guitar.and the Stones hired Tony Chapman. Although Oldham didn't know much about music. none of their British peers continued to be as popular or productive as the Stones. Jones became friends with Jagger and Richards. By the time he became a fixture on the British blues scene.

and had the effect of beginning a manufactured rivalry between them and the Beatles. and he latched upon the idea of fashioning the Stones as the bad-boy opposition to the clean-cut Beatles. rebellious band in the minds of the public. Ironically. Oldham decided to push Jagger and Richards into composing their own songs. In June of 1964. including such classics as "Get off My Cloud. Due to Brian Jones' increasingly exotic musical tastes. bluesy riffs and wry. a version of Irma Thomas' "Time Is on My Side" became their first U. It was followed by "The Last Time" in early 1965. "Tell Me (You're Coming Back). reaching number 21.S. Baby. and Top Ten U. Shortly afterward. since his appearance contrasted with the rest of the group. "Not Fade Away" became their first American hit." These eclectic influences continued to blossom on Between the Buttons (1967). breaking away from their blues roots and developing a signature style of big.promotion. the Stones . In the spring of 1964.K. the record boasted a wide range of influences." The single became a minor hit. Standing in the Shadow?" By 1966. Considerably rougher and sexier than the Beatles. from the sitardrenched "Paint It.K. single with Howlin' Wolf's "Little Red Rooster. hit that began a virtually uninterrupted string of Jagger-Richards hit singles. number one.S. he became one of their key roadies and played on their albums and tours until his death in 1985. they had another number one U. a number one U. the album's release was bookended by two of the most notorious incidents in the band's history. Still. Black" to the Eastern drones of "I'm Going Home. By the time it was over. it wasn't until the group released "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" in the summer of 1965 that they were elevated to superstars. Top Ten. the most pop-oriented album the group ever made. recording the Five by Five EP at Chess Records in Chicago in the midst of the tour. By that time. the large yet meek Stewart was forced out of the group. With Oldham's help. Early in 1964. and the group supported it with appearances on festivals and package tours. the Stones were the subject of numerous sensationalistic articles in the British press. All of these stories cemented the Stones as a dangerous. they released a cover of Buddy Holly's "Not Fade Away. Before the record was released. culminating in a story about the band urinating in public. since they -. a cover of Chuck Berry's "Come On." and "Have You Seen Your Mother. the group released their first original single." "19th Nervous Breakdown. reaching number 48 that spring. the Stones were notorious in their homeland. Stewart didn't disappear from the Stones. At the end of the year." which became their first American Top 40 hit. sardonic lyrics. Aftermath. the Rolling Stones signed with Decca Records.and his publishing company -." Although the Stones had achieved massive popularity. At his insistence. the Stones had decided to respond to the Beatles' increasingly complex albums with their first album of all-original material. Driven by a fuzz-guitar riff designed to replicate the sound of a horn section." which shot to number three. which helped the group rocket to popularity in the U. "Satisfaction" signaled that Jagger and Richards had come into their own as songwriters. and that June. they released a version of Lennon-McCartney's "I Wanna Be Your Man" that soared into the Top 15.K." "As Tears Go By. they released their debut single. That summer. which was followed by "It's All Over Now.S.would receive more money that away." their first U. It stayed at number one for four weeks and began a string of Top Ten singles that ran for the next two years. the Stones released their eponymous debut album. they toured America to riotous crowds.

the group broke attendance records. On the advice of the Grateful Dead. He wasn't featured on "Honky Tonk Women. a move that gave the Stones their distinctively fat." a number one single released days after Jones' funeral. Jones was arrested on the same charge. Let It Bleed was comprised of sessions with Jones and Taylor. after being delayed for five months due its controversial cover art of a dirty. went with the Beatles to meet the Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Jones was on the sidelines due to his deepening drug addiction and his resentment of the dominance of Jagger and Richards. yet it continued the direction of Beggar's Banquet. it also was the closing of their time with Brian Jones. Pepper. Released in the fall of 1969. they were also prominent in the international broadcast of the Beatles' "All You Need Is Love. and he contributed only a handful of leads on their next album. By the time of his death. By early 1968. or else face being banned.less than a month after his departure -. few realized that while it opened a new chapter of the Stones' history. In February of 1967. a former guitarist for John Mayall's Bluesbreakers. the Stones had already replaced Brian Jones with Mick Taylor. Their next album. the Stones' next single." yet his passing was the subject of countless rumors over the next two years. which forced Jagger to alter the song's title to an incomprehensible mumble. An edgy record filled with detours into straight blues and campy country. The coroner ruled that it was "death by misadventure." was a psychedelic pop effort. Following Jagger's filming of Ned Kelly in Australia during the first part of 1969. Jones left the band on June 9. "Dandelion"/"We Love You." Appropriately. the group launched its first American tour in three years. yet it turned tragic when the Angels killed a young black man. The revitalized Stones were showcased on the malevolent single "Jumpin' Jack Flash. powerful sound. signaling that a new era in the Stones' career had begun. they had fired Andrew Loog Oldham and hired Allen Klein as their manager. and within three months. 1969 -. Throughout the recording of Beggar's Banquet. was finally released in the fall." on The Ed Sullivan Show. Meredith Hunter. one marked by ragged music and an increasingly wasted sensibility. and the group backed away from the spotlight as the summer of love kicked into gear in 1967. but it was given a sour note when the group staged a free concert at Altamont Speedway. during the Stones' performance. ." which climbed to number three in May 1968." the B-side to the medieval ballad "Ruby Tuesday. which was greeted with lukewarm reviews. The entire show was unorganized and in shambles. Let It Bleed. which happened to coincide with Richards' discovery of open tunings. Throughout the tour -. along with his then-girlfriend Marianne Faithfull. the Stones hired Hell's Angels as security.Jones was found dead in his swimming pool. claiming to be suffering from artistic differences between himself and the rest of the band. Although it was seen as a return to form. and it was followed by their response to Sgt. Beggar's Banquet. 1969. graffiti-laden restroom. The move coincided with their return to driving rock & roll.the first where they were billed as the World's Greatest Rock & Roll Band -.performed the suggestive "Let's Spend the Night Together. Jagger and Richards were arrested for drug possession. On July 3. Beggar's Banquet was hailed as a masterpiece among the fledgling rock press. but that plan backfired tragically. Their Satanic Majesties Request. Jagger. The Stones' infatuation with psychedelia was brief. All three were given suspended jail sentences.

Emotional Rescue. As Jagger was jet-setting. the group squandered that goodwill with the follow-up. The Stones supported Tattoo You with an extensive stadium tour captured in Hal Ashby's movie Let's Spend the Night Together and the 1982 live album Still Life. the same year they released Black n' Blue. the thumping disco-rocker "Miss You. as did 1974's It's Only Rock 'n' Roll. where they shared a house and recorded a double album. It was their last album for Decca/London. Goats Head Soup. and disco. Starting with 1983's Undercover. but their critical support waned. Although the group continued to sell out concerts in the '80s and '90s. Richards was slumming. fared better both critically and commercially." which some critics ignorantly claimed incited the violence. Undercover was a mean-spirited. the Stones again retreated from the spotlight and dropped "Sympathy for the Devil. Exile on Main St. and the group recorded their next album as they auditioned new lead guitarists. The band remained popular throughout the '70s. Exile on Main St. Dirty Work suffered a worse fate. all the Stones pursued side projects. as Jagger concentrated on being a celebrity and Richards sank into drug addiction. Tattoo You proved to be the last time the Stones completely dominated the charts and the stadiums. partially because the albums suffered due to Jagger and Richards' notorious mid-'80s feud. The band reconvened in 1978 to record Some Girls. Taylor left the band after It's Only Rock 'n' Roll. the band retreated to France on tax exile. was widely panned. the first album the Stones released though their new label. unfocused record that received relatively weak sales and mixed reviews. and the couple quickly entered high society. including Jeff Beck. Following its release. Released in 1986. During 1970. They finally settled on Ron Wood. former lead guitarist for the Faces and Rod Stewart. However. from their set. hanging out with country-rock pioneer Gram Parsons. since . As the group entered hiatus. in 1976. with both Wyman and Wood releasing solo albums with regularity.In the wake of the public outcry. Jagger starred in Nicolas Roeg's cult film Performance and married Nicaraguan model Bianca Perez Morena de Macias. As a result. After his arrest." both reached number one. but over time it came to be considered one of the group's defining moments. Upon its May 1972 release. which only featured Wood on a handful of cuts. new wave. Following Exile. their records didn't sell as well as previous efforts. a number one record that nevertheless received lukewarm reviews upon its 1980 release. they released the live Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out! in the fall of 1970. and they formed Rolling Stones Records. but neither record was particularly well received. with Jagger wanting the Stones to follow contemporary trends and Richards wanting them to stay true to their rock roots. released the following year. The record and its first single. which became a subsidiary of Atlantic Records. released in 1973. Keith wound up having more musical influence on 1971's Sticky Fingers. an energetic response to punk. the Stones began to splinter in two. the duo conflicted about which way the band should go.and late '70s. Tattoo You. reached number one. he cleaned up and was given a suspended sentence the following year. During the mid. as the singles "Start Me Up" and "Waiting on a Friend" helped the album spend nine weeks at number one. and the album restored the group's image. Richards was arrested in Canada in 1977 with his common-law wife Anita Pallenberg for heroin possession.

Talk Is Cheap received good reviews and went gold. to record and release the Don Was-produced Voodoo Lounge. the following year. In 1991. Following the release of Flashpoint. and its accompanying tour was even more successful than the Steel Wheels tour. On top of being more successful than its predecessor. but the record was overshadowed by its supporting tour. the group issued A Bigger Bang. Now! 1965 Out of Our Heads 1965 December's Children (And Everybody's) 1966 Aftermath 1966 Got Live If You Want It! 1967 Between the Buttons 1967 Flowers 1967 Their Satanic Majesties Request 1968 Beggars Banquet 1969 Let It Bleed 1970 Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out! [live] 1971 Sticky Fingers 1972 Exile on Main St. Upon the completion of the Voodoo Lounge tour. the Stones released Steel Wheels. their third effort with producer Don Was. Bill Wyman left the band. this time. which was culled from the Steel Wheels shows. . 2 1965 The Rolling Stones. he published a memoir. who had previously played with Miles Davis and Sting. Once Jagger decided that the Stones would not support Dirty Work with a tour. after wrapping up their tour in support of 1997's Bridges to Babylon. there was none of the animosity surrounding their mid-'80s projects. The Stones didn't immediately replace Wyman. the Stones released the live.Jagger was preoccupied with his fledgling solo career. the group issued yet another live set. which grossed over 140 million dollars and broke many box office records. since they were all working on solo projects. was released. prompting Jagger and Richards to reunite late in 1988. A year later. the live album Flashpoint. "unplugged" album Stripped in the fall of 1995. Voodoo Lounge also won the Stones their first Grammy for Best Rock Album. Richards decided to make his own solo record with 1988's Talk Is Cheap. A high-profile greatest-hits tour in 2002 was launched despite the lack of a studio album to support. which was received with good reviews. The following year. Stone Alone. The group reconvened in 1994 with bassist Darryl Jones. Appearing a year after Jagger's failed second solo album. Main Albums: 1964 The Rolling Stones (England's Newest Hit Makers) 1964 12 X 5 1965 The Rolling Stones No. Similarly. within a few years of leaving. and its album document Live Licks appeared in 2004. No Security. The album received the band's strongest reviews in years.

1973 Goats Head Soup 1974 It's Only Rock 'n' Roll 1976 Black and Blue 1977 Love You Live 1978 Some Girls 1980 Emotional Rescue 1981 Tattoo You [2009 Re-Mastered] 1982 Still Life [live] 1983 Undercover 1986 Dirty Work 1989 Steel Wheels 1991 Flashpoint [live] 1994 Voodoo Lounge 1995 Stripped [live] 1996 The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus [live] 1997 Bridges to Babylon 1998 No Security [live] 2004 Live Licks 2005 A Bigger Bang 2008 Shine a Light: Original Soundtrack [live] AC/DC AC/DC's mammoth power chord roar became one of the most influential hard rock sounds of the '70s.no matter how huge and bludgeoning their guitar chords were. While still in Sydney. the band played some gigs around Sydney. AC/DC's rock was minimalist -. became the lead vocalist when singer Dave Evans refused to go on-stage. collapsed (Young's band has no relation to the seminal American group). Combined with Bon Scott's larynx-shredding vocals. the original lineup featuring singer Dave Evans cut a single called "Can I Sit Next to You. there was a clear sense of space and restraint. Bon Scott." with ex-Easybeats Harry Vanda and George Young (Malcolm and Angus' older brother) producing. where drummer Phil Rudd (formerly of the Coloured Balls) and bassist Mark Evans joined the lineup. the Velvet Underground. the band spawned countless imitators over the next two decades and enjoyed commercial success well into the 2000s. In its own way. The band moved to Melbourne the following year. With his younger brother Angus serving as lead guitarist. AC/DC were formed in 1973 in Australia by guitarist Malcolm Young after his previous band. it was a reaction against the pompous art rock and lumbering arena rock of the early '70s. The band's chauffeur. . the look became the band's visual trademark. Angus was only 15 years old at the time and his sister suggested that he should wear his school uniform on-stage.

Scott had been vocalist for the Australian prog rock bands Fraternity and the Valentines.S. it also entered the American charts at number four and sold over a million copies in its first six months of release. After 1983's Flick of the Switch..S.in Australia in 1974 and 1975. was released. all spiked with a mischievous sense of fun. their 16th album." And AC/DC were socially maladjusted. and a best-of compilation was released in conjunction with the film under the title AC/DC: Iron Man 2. with Cliff Williams taking his place.he had several convictions on minor criminal offenses and was rejected by the Australian Army for being "socially maladjusted. an all-new collection of songs that was followed by the group's first world tour since 2001. with For Those About to Rock We Salute You topping the charts in the U.Previously. thanks in no small part to their dynamic live shows (which were captured on 1978's live If You Want Blood You've Got It).. In 1982.S. The official coroner's report stated he had "drunk himself to death. What really broke the doors down for the band was the following year's Highway to Hell. and U.S. Two years later. The group signed a multi-album deal with Sony the following year that resulted in a slew of reissues and DVDs. More importantly. AC/DC's commercial standing began to slip. The group released two albums -.T. 1975 High Voltage [Australia] 1976 High Voltage .High Voltage and TNT -.N. he helped cement the group's image as brutes -. he was replaced by Simon Wright. becoming the group's first million-seller. Main Albums: 1975 T. the 1990s saw AC/DC maintain their status as a top international concert draw. Material from the two records comprised the 1976 release High Voltage in the U. the album received some of the most positive reviews of AC/DC's career. The following month." In March. alone. the band recorded Back in Black. the band replaced Scott with Brian Johnson. and number eight in the U. and they weren't able to reverse their slide until 1990's The Razor's Edge. Mark Evans left the band at the beginning of 1977. AC/DC released Let There Be Rock. the band was one of the largest rock bands in the world. selling over ten million copies in the U. AC/DC's train was derailed when Bon Scott died on February 20. 1980. which spawned the hit "Thunderstruck. released in spring of 1978. Throughout their career they favored crude double entendres and violent imagery. For the next few years." While not the commercial powerhouse they were during the late '70s and early '80s.K. In the fall of 1977. Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap followed at the end of the year. Stiff Upper Lip followed in early 2000 with similar results. which hit number 17 in the U. Rudd left the band. Powerage. In the fall of 1995. the group also toured both countries. which would prove to be its biggest album. the band's music was featured heavily in the action movie Iron Man 2. expanded their audience even further. and they returned to the studio in 2008 for Black Ice. Ballbreaker.S. Produced by Rick Rubin.K. which became their first album to chart in the U.

culminating with the year-and-a-half-long Worldwide Texas Tour. The only rock & roll group that's out there with its original members still aboard after . Gibbons is one of America's finest blues guitarists working in the arena rock idiom -.1976 Dirty Deeds Done Dirt Cheap 1977 Let There Be Rock 1978 Powerage 1978 If You Want Blood You've Got It [live] 1979 Highway to Hell 1980 Back In Black 1981 For Those About to Rock We Salute You 1983 Flick of the Switch 1985 Fly on the Wall 1988 Blow Up Your Video 1990 The Razor's Edge 1992 AC/DC Live 1995 Ballbreaker 1997 Let There Be Rock: The Movie . and its worldwide smash follow-up. based on John Lee Hooker's "Boogie Chillen. and boiler suits. giving their material a more contemporary edge while retaining their patented Texas style. they had successfully harnessed the potential of synthesizers to their patented grungy blues groove. Their third album (Tres Hombres) gained them national attention with the hit "La Grange. Dusty Hill (bass). Eliminator.both influenced by the originators of the form and British blues-rock guitarists like Peter Green -. Their first two albums reflected the strong blues roots and Texas humor of the band. golf hats.while Hill and Beard provide the ultimate rhythm section support. As genuine roots musicians." a signature riff tune to this day. then switched labels and returned to form with Deguello and El Loco. Exhausted from the overwhelming workload. they took a three-year break. and Frank Beard (drums)." Their success continued unabated throughout the '70s. they moved with the times while simultaneously bucking every trend that crossed their path. they have few peers. they met the emerging video age head-on. Afterburner. Becoming even more popular in the long run. reducing their "message" to simple iconography. By their next album.Live in Paris 2001 Stiff Upper Lip 2008 Black Ice ZZ Top This sturdy American blues-rock trio from Texas consists of Billy Gibbons (guitar). both harbingers of what was to come. Now sporting long beards. They were formed in 1970 in and around Houston from rival bands the Moving Sidewalks (Gibbons) and American Blues (Hill and Beard).

ZZ Top play music that is always instantly recognizable. The group members had it made into a guitar. recorded in Dallas in 2007 and featuring a still vital band. Live from Texas. dubbed the "Muddywood. profoundly soulful. Main Albums: 1970 1972 1973 1975 1976 1979 1981 1983 1985 1990 1994 1996 1999 2003 2008 ZZ Top's First Album Rio Grande Mud Tres Hombres Fandango! Tejas Degüello El Loco Eliminator Afterburner Recycler Antenna Rhythmeen XXX Mescalero Live From Texas Aerosmith ." then sent it out on tour to raise money for the Delta Blues Museum. were both released in 2008. ZZ Top's support and link to the blues remains as rock solid as the music they play. and 100-percent American in derivation. MS. They have continued to support the blues through various means. eminently powerful.three decades (an anniversary celebrated on 1999's XXX). A concert CD and DVD. perhaps most visibly when they were given a piece of wood from Muddy Waters' shack in Clarksdale.