You are on page 1of 127

FLORIDA HIGH SPEED RAIL INDUSTRY FORUM

NOVEMBER 8-9, 2010


Overview of Florida High Speed Rail Program
• History and Vision
• Federal Applications and Results
• Phase I: Tampa - Orlando Status Report
• DBE/MBE Participation and Opportunities
• Phase II: Orlando – Miami
Phase I: Tampa-Orlando Status Report

1. Right of Way /Permitting


2. Ridership Study
3. Early Works Contracts
4. Prelim Engineering
5. Rail Systems and Operations
6. Rule of Particular
Applicability (RPA)
7. Station Concepts
8. Procurement
9. Funding and Financing
History and Vision

1976 1982 1984 1992

Florida Transit Governor Florida Florida Legislature


Corridor Study Bob Graham High Speed Rail Enacts the New
Visits Japan Commission High Speed Rail Act

FOX Begins Preliminary Constitutional Amendment High Speed Rail


Engineering and on High Speed Rail Authority Issues
Environmental Activities Approved by Florida Voters Vision Plan

1998 2000 2001


History and Vision
2001 Vision Plan
History and Vision
2009 Vision Plan
Federal Applications and Results
• 2009: American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
– Total available: $8 billion
– Tampa – Orlando: $1.25 billion

• 2010: HSIPR Service Development Program


– Total available: $2.5 billion
– Tampa – Orlando: $800 million + State match up to $280 million

TOTAL TAMPA-ORLANDO: $2.35 BILLION


Florida High Speed Rail Program Organization Chart
Early Works Contracts
OVER 2,000 JOBS IN
• Objectives 2011-2012
– Clear corridor for later HSR construction
– Discover unforeseen conditions on smaller contract
– Create jobs soon – no HSR experience

• Procurements
– Five separate contracts, staggered dates (EW#1 this month),
approximately $170 million total
– Work complete in advance of HSR construction
– Four of five: Design-Build Best Value; one D-B-B

See Early Works Project Overview Memorandum: www.floridahighspeedrail.org


PPP Procurement
Design-Build-Operate-Maintain and Finance

• Allows for optimal and appropriate transfer of key


project risks OVER 20,000 JOBS IN
• Public sector role: 2012-2015
– Fund major infrastructure component
– Protect public interests
APPROX 1,000
• Private sector role: PERMANENT
– Assumption of ridership revenue risk
– Long term operations and maintenance
DIRECT JOBS
• Two step procurement process:
– Request for Qualifications
– Request for Proposals
• Stipend: $2 million for unsuccessful teams if responsive
Florida High Speed Rail Schedule (subject to approvals)

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016


Tampa-Orlando
EW Contract 1

EW Contract 2

EW Contract 3

EW Contract 4

EW Contract 5

DBOM&F

Orlando-Miami
Prelim Schedule

Procurement & Award


Design/Build Construction
Operate & Maintain
NEPA/PD&E
Phase I: Tampa-Orlando Status Report

1. Right of Way /Permitting


2. Ridership Study
3. Early Works Contracts
4. Prelim Engineering
5. Rail Systems and Operations
6. Rule of Particular
Applicability (RPA)
7. Station Concepts
8. Procurement
9. Funding and Financing
Right-of-Way/Permitting
Right-of-Way (ROW)
• Approximately 92% of all needed ROW is available
• Remaining 8% going through acquisition process
• No right of way required for Early Works contracts
• All right of way scheduled to be available at
start of DBOM&F
• Florida statutes allow start of Design-Build contracts
without all ROW in hand – no work allowed in areas
not yet available
Right-Of-Way: Downtown Tampa
Right-Of-Way: Beachline
(Convention Center Station)
Right-Of-Way: Taft-Vineland Road
Right-Of-Way: Tradeport Area
Right-Of-Way: Boggy Creek Road
Environmental Approvals
• Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) – lead agency
– Final Environmental Impact Statement signed and Record of
Decision issued
– Supplemental EIS update material being compiled based on
Preliminary Engineering – FRA concurrence anticipated

• Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)


– Record of Decision required
– Preliminary Engineering and other documentation being
compiled to achieve ROD

• Other Agency Permits


– Goal: obtain all construction permits in advance; status of each
will be included in RFP
Ridership Study
Ridership Study

Work Schedule
Florida High Speed Rail Ridership/Revenue Forecasts - Tampa - Orlando

Task Name July August September October November December January February

Project Organization and Kick-off Meeting

Update Zones, Networks, Demographics

Investigate Potential Transit Access Services

Canvas Potential HSR Partners

Airport O-D Surveys

Roadside O-D Surveys

Stated Preference Surveys

Model Development and Forecasts

Completed
Ongoing
Data Collection Deadline
Survey Research and Data Collection Elements
• Investment Grade Ridership Study:
– Estimate the number of trips that are made within
the service corridor
– Determine the likely share of those trips that would use
the high speed rail under different service conditions

• Market Enhancement:
– Understand how marketing packages could affect
ridership and revenue
Survey Overview

Trip Characteristics

Stated Preference Scenarios

Debrief and Opinion

Household Demographics
Design of Transportation SP Surveys
• For this project, we adapt the survey questionnaire
to deal with the types of trips made by nine primary
traveler segments:
– Resident commuters
– Resident business
– Resident other
– Visitor business
– Visitor other
– International intercity
– Airport access business
– Airport access other
– Airport access international
Early Works Contracts
Early Works Contracts

Early Works #1 (A-F)


Early Works #2 (G)
Early Works #3 (H)
Early Works #4 (J)
Early Works #5 (K)
Early Works Contracts and Scope
Contract 1: I-4 Median Preparation
– Minor I-4 widening in 12 locations
– Relocation of ITS, overhead signs, and lighting elements that
conflict with HSR (I-4 and SR 528)
– Replacements of select drainage culverts in poor condition
– Tentative schedule (subject to FRA approval) – Adjusted Score
Design-Build

Advertisement Date November 15, 2010


Shortlist Date December 14, 2010
Technical Proposals Due January 25, 2011
Bid Opening February 21, 2011
Early Works Contracts and Scope
Contract 2: SR 559 Interchange Project
– Rail Geometry improvement – clearance requirements
– SR 559 Bridge replacement
– 1.77 miles of I-4 EB realignment
– WMD permit to be provided
– Tentative schedule (subject to FRA approval) – Adjusted Score
Design-Build

Advertisement Date December 20, 2010


Shortlist Date January 26, 2011
Technical Proposals Due March 16, 2011
Bid Opening April 26, 2011
SR 559
•1.7 miles of I-4 EB
realignment
•0.9 miles of SR 559
reconstruction
•3-span bridge
reconstruction

Early Works Contract 2 (I-4/SR 559 Interchange Reconstruction)


Early Works Contracts and Scope
Contract 3: CR 557 Interchange Project
– Rail Geometry improvement – clearance requirements
– CR 557 Bridge replacement
– 2.0 miles of I-4 EB and WB realignment plus
1.3 miles of widening
– WMD permit to be provided
– Tentative schedule (subject to FRA approval) – Adjusted Score
Design-Build

Advertisement Date January 10, 2011


Short List Date February 15, 2011
Technical Proposals Due April 11, 2011
Bid Opening May 23, 2011
CR 557
•2.0 miles of I-4 EB
and WB realignment
•1.3 miles of I-4 EB
and WB widening
•1.0 miles of CR 557
reconstruction
•3-span bridge
reconstruction

Early Works Contract 3 (I-4/CR 557 Interchange Reconstruction)


Early Works Contracts and Scope
Contract 4: Maintenance Site Preparation
– Maintenance yard site near Orlando Airport contains muck
– Clear, de-muck, backfill and surcharge as necessary within
92 acre site
– Relocation of existing 24” Force Main
– Tentative schedule (subject to FRA approval) –
Traditional design-bid-build

Advertisement Date June 24, 2011


Letting Date August 24, 2011
DE-MUCKING CLEAR AND
AREA BACKFILL

Early Works Contract 4 (Maintenance Facility Site Preparation)


Early Works Contracts and Scope

Contract 5: WB I-4 realignment SR 417 to Osceola Parkway


– Realignment of 1.7 miles of I-4 WB into Ultimate I-4 location
– Reconstruction of EB US 192 to I-4 ramp bridge
– WMD permit to be provided
– Tentative schedule (subject to FRA approval) – Adjusted Score
Design-Build

Advertisement Date January 31, 2011


Shortlist Date March 8, 2011
Technical Proposals Due May 2, 2011
Bid Opening June 13, 2011
•1.7 miles of
I-4 WB realignment
•0.5 miles of ramp
realignment
•2-span ramp bridge
reconstruction

Early Works Contract 5 (WB I-4 realignment SR417 to Osceola Parkway)


Preliminary Engineering
HSR Preliminary Engineering
1. Typical sections
2. Bridge types, aesthetics and safety features
3. Clearance requirements and impacts
4. Select alignment and profile locations
5. Geotechnical conditions
6. Utility coordination
Ultimate I-4 Corridor

Natural General Future 44’ Min. Future General Natural


Ground Purpose Managed HSR Managed Purpose Ground
Lanes Lanes Envelope Lanes Lanes
Tight Section In I-4 Median
Retaining Wall Section
Viaduct
HSR Viaducts (17 miles)
Superstructure Alternatives:
• Materials (Concrete/Steel)
• Geometry (Single Box/Twin Boxes)
• Track (Ballasted/Ballast-less)
HSR Viaducts/Straddle Bent
12 Locations
HSR Viaducts/C-Pier
10 Locations
Bridges Over Local Roads/Creeks
29 Locations
2 Miles
Bridge Aesthetics
Under Development for Corridor Structures:
• Bridges/Viaducts
• Retaining Walls
• Catenary Poles
• Fencing
Minimum requirements to be included in RFP
Clearance Requirements
SPEED H V
MAX 110 MPH 9’ MIN. 19’ MIN.
111 MPH – 150 MPH 10’-4” 21.5’
>150 MPH 10’-4” MIN. 23’ MIN.
Bridge Pier Reconstruction With Lowered Footing
Possible Bridge Jacking
HSR Preliminary Engineering
Select Alignment and Profile Locations
– US 92
– CSX RR (with and without Kathleen Road Station)
– Osceola Parkway/Bonnet Creek
– I-4/SR 528 Interchange
I-4 EB Realignment At US 92

I-4 EB
REALIGNMENT
Profiles At CSX Railroad With And Without Kathleen Road Station

LAKELAND
STATION

PLATFORM

KATHLEED RD GRIFFIN RD
CSX

US 98
BELLA VISTA RD

Profile with Kathleen Station Station and Platform Profile with No Station
Plan View At Lakeland CSX Crossing
Section B-B
Profile Over Osceola Parkway

I-4 WB
Realignment
(Early Works 5)

HSR on Viaduct

OSCEOLA PKWY

BONNET CREEK

Retaining Wall Bridge Proposed WB I-4 Realignment


HSR Alignment At Ultimate I-4/SR 528 Interchange

Orange County
Convention Center

HSR on Viaduct
Geotechnical Conditions
Purpose of the Geotechnical Investigation for Design-Build
Contracts (Early Works and P3)
– Gather data to support Preliminary Design and Cost Estimate
– Provide Geotechnical Conditions Report to the Design-Build Firms
to support their Final Design and Cost Estimate
– Storm water permitting requirements
– Reduce bid contingency for unknown geotechnical conditions
– Expedite the Final Design and Construction Schedule
Geotechnical Conditions
Today’s Overview
– Seasonal high water table
– Muck (organic soils)
– Depth to foundation bearing layer
Seasonal High Water Table (SHWT)

Depth
0-3
3-6
6-10
>10
Geotechnical Conditions
Muck (Organic Soils) Deposits
– Highly compressible
– Very weak
– Can create excessive settlement
– Can cause embankment failure
– Highly variable depths
– Relic sinkhole features
– Deepest muck on project to date – 243 ft.
Organic Soil (Muck/Peat) Locations

Depth
No Organic Soils
1 to 5
5 to 20
20 to 50
50 to 100
>100
Approximate Foundation Lengths

Length
Up to 75’
75’ to 100’
100’ to 125’
125’ to 150’
>150’
Utilities Approach
• Locate and map utilities
• Perform SUE/Vvh at 500 +/- locations
• Indentify utility conflicts (based on concept plans)
• Perform legal review of compensable interest
• Goal to initiate:
– Design-Build agreements
– Utility work schedules
– Utility relocation plans
Summary of Critical Utilities
• 18 Gas Transmission Crossings
– Depth of cover TBD

• 30 Aerial Transmission Crossings


– Vertical separation to OCS TBD

• 119 Aerial Distributions Crossings


– Underground relocations are anticipated
Rail Systems & Operations
Rail/Systems/OCS
Rail/Systems/OCS
Alignment and Travel Speeds
Conceptual Overview of the Operations Criteria
• Minimize station dwell times
• Provide shortest possible trip time
• Maximize train speed
• Provide safe and secure waiting areas, platforms
• Move passengers into/through/out of stations smoothly
• Provide an overall positive customer experience
Sample FL HSR Preliminary Train Performance Plot

TOTAL TRIP TIME NON-STOP UNDER 50 MINUTES


TOTAL TRIP TIME WITH STOPS UNDER AN HOUR
Rolling Stock: Summary of Performance Based Criteria
• Operating speed: standard 186 mph+
• Train capacity: 400-500 passengers per train
• Amenities: cafe service, capability for two
classes of service, baggage storage throughout, bicycle
accommodations
• Proven system: an existing technology with a
documented performance record
Safety and Security Concepts
• Intrusion detection fencing provided to 16’-0” above
adjacent road surfaces
• High mounted, night-vision cameras with audio
capability provided along entire right-of-way (auto
activation when an intrusion is detected)
• Security cameras monitor all station areas and platforms
Fence/Intrusion Detection System
50 Existing Bridges over HSR Corridor

Combination Separate
Operations Control Center
Location: Orlando Maintenance Facility
– Train operations desk
– Power dispatch desk
– Safety and security desk
Rule of Particular Applicability
(RPA)
Florida Rail Enterprise (FRE) Regulatory Approach
• FRE has elected to petition the FRA for a RPA specific
to the operations and technology selected for the
FL HSR System
• A working group has been set up with members
from FRA and FRE to develop a Regulatory or RPA
Guidance Document
RPA Guidance Document
Objective
– Define the general structure of the RPA (i.e. what areas
need to be covered)
– Identify:
• Currently issued and applicable FRA regulations
• Applicable regulations currently under development by the FRA and
expected to be issued in the near-term
• Safety issues that are specific to the high-speed operations
proposed for Florida and that are not addressed by current or
proposed FRA regulations

– Define technology-specific requirements that will need to be


included in a Petition for Rulemaking
FL HSR Guidance Document
• Will follow the same outline as the Rule of Particular
Applicability (Notice of Proposed Rule Making- NPRM) of
December 1997
• Retain key HSR safety elements that were contained in the
RPA (NPRM)
• Eliminate any technology specific requirements that were
particular to the 1997 Rule (NPRM)
FL HSR Guidance Document
• Describe what technology specific requirements will need
to be provided by the successful DBOM&F for inclusion in
FRE’s Petition for Rulemaking
• Identify existing FRA regulations that will be made
applicable to FL HSR
– Applicable requirements contained in rules currently under
development will be incorporated directly within the
RPA Guidance Document

• Define minimum safety standards (which might differ from


subsequent specification requirements)
FL HSR Guidance Document Outline
• General Requirements
• System Safety Program and Plan
• Signal System
• Track Safety Standards
• Rolling Stock
• Operating Rules
• System Qualification Tests
• Personnel Qualification Requirements
• Power Distribution
RPA Guidance Document

Guidance Document FRE


Guidance Document
Working Group HNTB - WSA

RFP
(including Guidance Document)

Petition for
Successful DBOM&F Rulemaking Based FRA RPA
on Guidance Document
Station Concepts
Station Concepts
• Goals: depict a functioning HSR station and develop
preliminary cost estimate
• Each station has unique arrangements with respect to land
usage, agreements required, and ancillary development
opportunities
• Memorandums of Understanding being pursued with
stakeholders as required
• Tomorrow’s session: station stakeholders
Station Design Goals
• Safety and Security
• Functional Consistency
• Response to local context
• Multi-modal/intermodal
• Flexibility
• Intuitive way finding
• Accessibility
• Comfortable, attractive,
durable and spacious
interiors
• Sustainable Design
Strategies
Program Relationship Diagram
Level 1 - Public Concourse
Level 2 - Controlled Concourse
Level 3 - Platforms
Shown With Potential Light Rail Connection
Shown With Potential Overbuild
Shown With Potential Large Scale Platform Canopy
Downtown Tampa Station (TPA)
Lakeland Kathleen Road Station (LKL)
Lakeland USF Station (LKL)
Disney Station (DSN)
Orange County Convention Center (OCC)
Orlando International Airport Station (MCO)
courtesy of Greater Orlando Aviation Authority
Station Interior – Public Concourse
Intermediate Station Prototype
Station Interior – Public Concourse
Shown With Potential Retail And Business Center
Station Interior – Controlled Concourse
Intermediate Station Prototype
Station Interior – Platforms
Shown with individual platform canopies
Station Interior – Platforms
Shown with potential large scale canopy
Downtown Tampa Station (TPA)
Shown with Potential Transit Oriented Development
Downtown Tampa Station (TPA)
Procurement and Financing
PPP: Request for Qualifications (RFQ)
and Request for Proposals Development (RFP)
• Development Team:
– Florida Rail Enterprise
– FDOT: legal, financial, technical, professional services
– Consultants: program manager (HNTB/WSA), legal (Freshfields)
and financial (KPMG)

• Process draws from following:


– Recent major PPP contracts by FDOT: Port of Miami Tunnel
and I-595
– Relevant components of other national and international transit
and HSR procurements
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
• Attachment to the RFQ:
– Project Information Memorandum – identification of key elements
in the scope of the RFP that will follow.

• Review process:
– Opportunity for industry feedback: one-on one meetings
November 9 and 10, 2010
– Final compilation from development team mid-November
– Subject to FRA approval, advertise late November/early December

• RFQ shortlist:
– Three teams, up to four
Request for Proposals (RFP) Features
• RFP document attachments anticipated
– 30% Preliminary Engineering plans
– Station concept plans
– Geotechnical exploration and data
– Performance guidelines for HSR system (RPA)
– Investment grade ridership study
– Station area development – stakeholders
– MOU’s or Agreements with stakeholders
– Risk Register
– Right-of-Way documentation
– Utility agreements
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
• FDOT has created four Non-Standard Types of Work to
address Engineering and Design Qualifications:
– Type 99.0 High Speed Rail Infrastructure Design Engineering
– Type 99.0 High Speed Rail Sub-Systems Design Engineering
– Type 99.0 Multimodal Passenger Station Design
– Type 99.0 Maintenance Facility Design
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
Type 99.0 High Speed Rail Infrastructure Design Engineering
– Three Professional Engineers each with at least 10 years
of Rail Experience
– The Lead Engineer is not required to have HSR Experience
– Two ways for the Firm to Qualify:

At least one of the Two advisors each having


Professional Engineers 10 years of HSR experience
shall have 10 years of
OR can supplement the three
HSR experience or more Professional Engineers required

In both cases the relevant HSR experience must be within the past 7 years
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
Type 99.0 High Speed Rail Infrastructure Design
Engineering - Structures
– Two Professional Engineers each with at least 15 years of
Design Experience
– Professional Engineers must have Rail Design Experience within
the past 10 years
– Professional Engineers shall qualify under TOW 4.2.1, 4.2.2 or
4.2.3 as required by the Proposed Final Design
– Two ways for the Firm to Qualify:
At least one of the Two advisors each having
Professional Engineers 10 years of HSR experience
shall have 10 years of
OR can supplement the three
HSR experience or more Professional Engineers required

In both cases the relevant HSR experience must be within the past 7 years
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
Type 99.0 High Speed Rail Sub-Systems Design Engineering
– Three Professional Engineers each with at least 10 years of Rail (non
HSR) Sub-System Design Experience
– Professional Engineers must have Rail Design Experience within the
past 7 years
– Two ways for the Firm to Qualify:
At least one of the Professional Two advisors each having 10 years of
Engineers shall have designed HSR Sub-System design, integration
and integrated at least one
OR and commissioning experience can
commissioned HSR System supplement the Professional Engineers

In both cases the relevant HSR experience must be within the past 7 years
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
• Type 99.0 Multimodal Passenger Station Design
– One Registered Architect with at least 20 years of Commercial
Design Experience, with at least 5 years in the Design of Stations

• Type 99.0 Maintenance Facility Design


– One Registered Architect with at least 20 years of Industrial
Design Experience, with at least 5 years in the Design of Rail
Maintenance Facilities
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
• Lead Sub-System and Rolling Stock Contractor
– Completed at least two commissioned HSR projects with an
aggregate construction value of $300 million + in past 5 years
Experience requirements can be met through Joint Venture or Major Subcontracts

• Lead Operator to have Passenger Rail Operations


experience
– At least one Mainline Railroad with Operating Speeds of
79mph/126kph or greater
– Minimum Operational Term shall have been 3 years or longer
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features
• Lead Rolling Stock Manufacturer
– Proven experience in the design, manufacture, testing and
delivery of passenger trains
– Supplied one project within the past 5 years, with electric
steel-wheel-on-steel track trains capable of Operating Speeds of
186mph/300kph or more

• Lead Infrastructure Contractor


– Demonstrated Infrastructure experience on one HSR project
$50 million construction within past 5 years
– Experience requirements can be met through Joint Venture,
Major Subcontracts or Construction Management personnel
with HSR Experience
Request for Qualifications (RFQ) Features

• Equity members with more than 30% interest in the


Concessionaire must have closed five P3 financings within
the past 7 years which include:
– each financing was in excess of $300 million
– each financing packages actually closed
– at least one such financing was an availability-based financing
– at least one was in the U.S.
– at least one such financing was a demand-based financing
Funding &Financing Plan:
Design-Build-Operate-Maintain Finance
• Potential structure to include:
– 30-year operating term
– Use of milestone payments during construction
– Capex Recovery Payments during operations
– Payment and performance bonds
– Variety of financing instruments under consideration, including
PABs and TIFIA
Funding & Financing Plan:
Design-Build-Operate-Maintain Finance
• Federal funding is primary source for capital costs:
– $2.05 billion federal commitment
– Up to $280 million non-federal match

• Private finance anticipated to meet non-federal match


• Capex Recovery Payment sufficient to cover financing of
non-federal match
• Florida Rail Act/State Legislature provides funding
mechanism for Capex Recovery Payment starting July 1, 2014
• Project revenues (e.g. farebox) are expected to cover
operations and maintenance expenses
Funding & Financing Plan:
Ancillary Revenue Opportunities
• Ancillary revenues from station development not
included in the Finance Plan
• Station Development:
– Each station is a different commercial situation;
– FDOT will spell out opportunities at each station in RFP

• Advertising, retail and other revenue opportunities


will be identified in RFP
• RFP will offer opportunities to propose revenue
opportunities
Disadvantaged Business
Enterprise Program
Minority Utilization: Where are we?

• Federal Rail Administration Program Expectations

• Florida Department of Transportation

• Goal

122
Minority Utilization

• What work applies towards goal?


Certified Disadvantaged Business Enterprises
http://www.dot.state.fl.us/equalopportunityoffice/dbecertification.shtm
Certified Minority Business Enterprises (includes
Service Disabled Veterans)
http://dms.myflorida.com/other_programs/office_of_supplier_diversity_osd/
certification/supporting_documentation

• Where can I get certified?


FDOT
DMS – Office of Supplier Diversity

123
PHASE 2: ORLANDO-MIAMI
Orlando Miami NEPA/PD&E process
Preliminary Design & Environmental (PD&E)
process
– Three phased-approach, approx $30
million total
– Given federal funding availability,
requested funds for Phase 1 only for
next 12 months
– RESULT: 100% of request was granted!
2010: HSIPR Planning Application
– Total available: $50 million
– Orlando-Miami: $8 million + State
Match Up to $2 million
TOTAL ORLANDO-MIAMI: $10 MILLION
Phase 2: Miami-Orlando

• FDOT initiated PD&E (NEPA) in May 2010:


– PB Americas/Jacobs
– Mainly focused on data collection

• Recent award will allow significant progress


– FDOT designated PD&E Manager – Aileen Boucle
– Significant work to be done : 220 mile corridor
– Will build upon previous work in corridor and lessons learned from
Tampa-Orlando
– Design criteria and general approach similar to Tampa-Orlando
– Compatibility/inter-operability will be achieved
Florida High Speed Rail
www.floridahighspeedrail.org