You are on page 1of 35

LINE SIZE CALCULATION SUMMARY SHEET

The following formulae have been used to calculate the pressure drop for each line defined in the P&ID
and the isometric drawing

1. Mass flow calculation, Ŵ (kghr-1)

Ŵ = (p*M*V)/(R*T)
where,
p is pressure in kPa
M is molecular weight
V is volumetric flow in m3hr-1
R is universal gas constant, 8.314 kJkg-1K-1
T is temperature in K

2. Reynolds Number, Re (dimensionless) to determine flow regime for friction factor calculation

Re = (4*Ŵ)/(π*μ*D)
where,
π is constant, 3.142
μ is dynamic viscosity in centipoise, cp
D is pipe inner diameter in meter, m

3. Friction factor, f (dimensionless) calculation using simplified equation by Round [Round, Can. J.
Chem. Eng. 58, 122 (1980)]

f = 1.634*[ln(0.135*ε/D + 6.5/Re)]-2
where,
ε is pipe roughness in meter, m (0.046E-3 for steel pipes)

4. Pressure drop, ∆P (kPa) calculation using modified pressure drop equation for circular pipe

∆P = (8*f*Ŵ2*L)/(π2*D5*ρ*36002)
where,
L is pipe length or total equivalent length in meter, m
-3
ρ is gas density, kgm
other definitions are same as previous formulae

Following is the summary of the pressure drop calculation for GT and HRSG piping. The definition of
line numbers refers to definition in the individual Line Size Sheet and P&ID description.

Item Line ID Ŵ Re f ∆P % ∆P System


1 Line1 6863 2081807 0.02 0.275
2 Line2 4750 1441068 0.02 0.173
3 Line3 4750 1891033 0.02 10.536
1.830 GTG (Total)
4 Line4 3085 1607799 0.02 2.634
5 Line5 1665 662948 0.02 0.440
6 Lne6 1665 983993 0.02 19.513
7 Line7 2107 1327514 0.02 4.630
8 Line8 1397 880260 0.02 0.660 0.2940 HRSG before PCV
9 Line9 687 433231 0.02 0.102
10 Line10 709 577915 0.02 2.059
5.38 HRSG3 after PCV
11 Line11 709 282611 0.02 3.148 5.38 HRSG3 after PCV
12 Line12 709 282611 0.02 5.722

Total pressure drop for GTG system piping is 1.83% at supply pressure of 18barg. Total pressure drop
of HRSG piping before PCV letdown is 0.294% at supply pressure of 18barg. Total pressure drop of
HRSG3 piping after PCV letdown is 5.38% at supply pressure of 2barg.
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description Battery Limit to Branch-off at 2'' tee reducer to HRSG tapping

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 440.42 Flow (Des.) 7540 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 6862.78 kghr-1 (Des.) 6862.91 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. MeterTotal Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 275.285
St. Line 0.93 Orifice
Control Valve
Miscellaneous

Total 275.285

Total pressure drop 0.2753

Total 0.93

ID of 4" pipe 0.10226 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 4 in
Mass Flow, W 1.91 kg/s
Reynolds Number, Re 2081807
Friction Factor, f 0.01751
Pressure Drop, ∆P 275.285 Pa
30 degC
1823.85 kPag
0.75
15.58 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


275.285

275.285

kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description Branch-off at 2'' tee reducer of HRSG to 3" reducer of GTG main line

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature 30


Flow (Calc.) 304.91 Flow (Des.) 5220 Pressure 1823.57
kghr-1 (Calc.) 4750.55 kghr-1 (Des.) 4751.24 Sp. Gr. 0.75
Density 15.58
Viscosity 0.01

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 173.041
St. Line 0.3 Orifice
Conc. Red. 1 0.914 0.914 Control Valve
Miscellaneous

Total 173.041

Total pressure drop 0.1730 kPa

Total 1.21

ID of 4" pipe 0.10226 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 4 in
Mass Flow, W 1.32 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 1441068
Friction Factor, f 0.01759
Pressure Drop, ∆P 173.041 Pa
degC
kPag

kgm-3
cp
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description From 3" GTG main line reducer to first tapping point of GT-01

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 304.91 Flow (Des.) 5220 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 4750.51 kghr-1 (Des.) 4751.24 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. MeterTotal Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 10535.738
St. Line 10.65 Orifice
Ell, 90o 3 2.469 7.407 Control Valve
Miscellaneous

Total 10535.738

Total pressure drop 10.5357

Total 18.057

ID of 3" pipe 0.08 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 3 in
Mass Flow, W 1.32 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 1891033
Friction Factor, f 0.01851
Pressure Drop, ∆P 10535.738 Pa
30 degC
1823.4 kPag
0.75
15.58 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


10535.738

10535.738

kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description From 3" GTG main line first tapping point of GT-01 to second tapping point of GT-02

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4


Flow (Calc.) 198.017 Flow (Des.) 3390
-1 -1
kghr (Calc.) 3085.10 kghr (Des.) 3085.58

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item


Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent
St. Line 6.2 Orifice
Ell, 90o 0 2.469 0.000 Control Valve
Miscellaneous

Total

Total pressure drop

Total 6.2

ID of 3" pipe 0.08 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 3 in
Mass Flow, W 0.86 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 1228085
Friction Factor, f 0.01860
Pressure Drop, ∆P 1541.365 Pa
Temperature 30 degC
Pressure 1812.87 kPag
Sp. Gr. 0.75
Density 15.49 kgm-3
Viscosity 0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


1541.365

1541.365

1.5414 kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description From 3" GTG main line second tapping point of GT-02 to second tapping point of GT-03

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4


Flow (Calc.) 106.894 Flow (Des.) 1830
-1 -1
kghr (Calc.) 1665.41 kghr (Des.) 1665.67

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item


Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent
St. Line 6 Orifice
Ell, 90o 0 2.469 0.000 Control Valve
Miscellaneous

Total

Total pressure drop

Total 6

ID of 3" pipe 0.08 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 3 in
Mass Flow, W 0.46 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 662948
Friction Factor, f 0.01881
Pressure Drop, ∆P 439.870 Pa
Temperature 30 degC
Pressure 1811.32 kPag
Sp. Gr. 0.75
Density 15.48 kgm-3
Viscosity 0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


439.870

439.870

0.4399 kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description 2" GT-01 Branch from 3" header

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 106.894 Flow (Des.) 1830 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 1665.41 kghr-1 (Des.) 1665.67 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. MeterTotal Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 6504.235
St. Line 4.15 Orifice
Ell, 90o 4 1.676 6.706 Control Valve
Red. Tee 1 0.61 0.61 Miscellaneous

Total 6504.235

Total pressure drop 6.5042

Total 11.46

ID of 2" pipe 0.05 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 2 in
Mass Flow, W 0.46 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 983993
Friction Factor, f 0.02023
Pressure Drop, ∆P 6504.235 Pa

Note: Pressure drop for other 2 branches of GT will be the same. Therefore not calculated.
30 degC
1812.87 kPag
0.75
15.49 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


6504.235

6504.235

kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description Branch-off at 2'' tee reducer of HRSG to 2" HRSG pre-pressure letdown manifold

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 135.280 Flow (Des.) 2316 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 2107.68 kghr-1 (Des.) 2108.02 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 4629.975
St. Line 1.7 Orifice
Ell, 90o 1 1.676 1.676 Control Valve
Red. Tee 1 0.3 0.3 Miscellaneous

Total 4629.975

Total pressure drop 4.6300

Total 3.68

ID of 2" pipe 0.05 m


Material & Weight Schedule 80, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 2 in
Mass Flow, W 0.59 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 1327514
Friction Factor, f 0.02044
Pressure Drop, ∆P 4629.975 Pa
30 degC
1823.57 kPag
0.75
15.58 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


4629.975

4629.975

kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description From 2" first tee at PCV1 manifold to PCV2 tee

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 89.919 Flow (Des.) 1536 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 1397.58 kghr-1 (Des.) 1398.07 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 660.228
St. Line 1.19 Orifice
Ell, 90o 0 1.676 0.000 Control Valve
Red. Tee 0 0.3 0 Miscellaneous

Total 660.228

Total pressure drop 0.6602

Total 1.19

ID of 2" pipe 0.05 m


Material & Weight Schedule 80, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 2 in
Mass Flow, W 0.39 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 880260
Friction Factor, f 0.02053
Pressure Drop, ∆P 660.228 Pa
30 degC
1818.94 kPag
0.75
15.54 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


660.228

660.228

kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description From 2" first tee at PCV2 manifold to PCV3 tee

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 44.270 Flow (Des.) 756 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 687.84 kghr-1 (Des.) 688.11 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 102.437
St. Line 0.75 Orifice
Ell, 90o 0 1.676 0.000 Control Valve
Red. Tee 0 0.3 0 Miscellaneous

Total 102.437

Total pressure drop 0.1024

Total 0.75

ID of 2" pipe 0.05 m


Material & Weight Schedule 80, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 2 in
Mass Flow, W 0.19 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 433231
Friction Factor, f 0.02079
Pressure Drop, ∆P 102.437 Pa
30 degC
1818.28 kPag
0.75
15.54 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


102.437

102.437

kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description From 2" first tee at PCV1 manifold to PCV1 strainer

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 45.669 Flow (Des.) 780 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 709.81 kghr-1 (Des.) 709.96 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 2059.235
St. Line 1.88 Orifice
Ell, 90o 1 1.250 1.250 Control Valve
Red. Tee 1 0.3 0.3 Miscellaneous
Ball Valve 1 0.3 0.3
Total 2059.235

Total pressure drop 2.0592

Total 3.74

ID of 2" pipe 0.04 m


Material & Weight Schedule 80, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 1.5 in
Mass Flow, W 0.20 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 577915
Friction Factor, f 0.02181
Pressure Drop, ∆P 2059.235 Pa

Note: Pressure drop for other 2 branches of PCV will be the same magnitude. Therefore not calculated.
30 degC
1818.94 kPag
0.75
15.54 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


2059.235

2059.235

kPa
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description From PCV1 outlet line to 6" header

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature 30


Flow (Calc.) 288.556 Flow (Des.) 780 Pressure 202.65
kghr-1 (Calc.) 709.95 kghr-1 (Des.) 709.96 Sp. Gr. 0.75
Density 2.46
Viscosity 0.01

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 3147.938
St. Line 2.01 Orifice
Ell, 90o 0 1.250 0.000 Control Valve
Conc. Red. 1 1.52 1.52 Miscellaneous
Ball Valve 1 0.61 0.61
Check Vlv. 1 30.48 30.48 Total 3147.938
Red. Tee 1 1.83 1.83

Total pressure drop 3.1479 kPa

Total 36.45

ID of 3" pipe 0.08 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 3 in
Mass Flow, W 0.20 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 282611
Friction Factor, f 0.01937
Pressure Drop, ∆P 3147.938 Pa

Note: Pressure drop for other 2 PCVs will be the same magnitude. Therefore not calculated.
degC
kPag

kgm-3
cp
Line Size Sheet
By
Date 17.06.2010
Line No. Refer P&ID
Line Description 3" Line from 6" header to HRSG3

Fluid in line/ Mole. Weight Natural Gas 20.4 Temperature


Flow (Calc.) 297.808 Flow (Des.) 780 Pressure
kghr-1 (Calc.) 732.72 kghr-1 (Des.) 709.96 Sp. Gr.
Density
Viscosity

Straight pipe, fittings, valves, expansion, contraction, etc. Item Pressure Drop (Pa)
Item Qty. Unit Eq. Meter Total Eq. Meter Pipe & Equivalent 5896.705
St. Line 37.08 Orifice
Ell, 90o 10 2.469 24.689 Control Valve
Conc. Red. 0 1.52 0 Miscellaneous
Ball Valve 2 0.61 1.22
Check Vlv. 0 30.48 0 Total 5896.705
Red. Tee 1 1.22 1.22

Total pressure drop 5.897

Total 64.2

ID of 3" pipe 0.08 m


Material & Weight Schedule 40, Steel

Calculation
Selected pipe size 3 in
Mass Flow, W 0.20 kgs-1
Reynolds Number, Re 291672
Friction Factor, f 0.01934
Pressure Drop, ∆P 5896.705 Pa

Note: Pressure drop for other 2 branches HRSG will be the same magnitude. Therefore not calculated.
30 degC
202.65 kPag
0.75
2.46 kgm-3
0.01 cp

Pressure Drop (Pa)


5896.705

5896.705

kPa
Flow (NTP) = ((Pf + 101.325)* (273.15)/(101.325)(Tf + 273.15
NTP T 273.15 K
P 101.33 kPa

Section 7
Pressure 2 barg 202.65 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 780 Nm3/hr
ID 3.07 in NPS 2 1/2 in Sch 40
Trial ID 0.08 m nearest 3 in
Area 0 m2
Flow at 2 barg, 30 degC
288.56 m3/hr
Velocity 16.8 m/s

Section 6
Pressure 2 barg 202.65 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 1560 Nm3/hr
ID 4.03 in NPS 4 in Sch 40
Trial ID 0.1 m
Area 0.01 m2
Flow at 2 barg, 30 degC
577.11 m3/hr
Velocity 19.52 m/s

Section 3A
Pressure 18 barg 1823.85 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 780 Nm3/hr
ID 1.61 in NPS 1 in Sch 40
Trial ID 0.04 m
Area 0 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
45.56 m3/hr
Velocity 9.63 m/s

Section 4
Pressure 18 barg 1823.85 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 1560 Nm3/hr
ID 1.61 in NPS 1 1/2 in Sch 40
Trial ID 0.04 m nearest 2 in
Area 0 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
91.12 m3/hr
Velocity 19.27 m/s

Section 2
Pressure 18 barg 1823.85 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 3660 Nm3/hr
ID 2.47 in NPS 2.5 in Sch 40
Trial ID 0.06 m nearest 3 in
Area 0 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
213.79 m3/hr
Velocity 19.22 m/s

Section 1
Pressure 18 barg 1819.33 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 780 Nm3/hr
ID 1.61 in NPS 1 1/2 in Sch 40 Sch 80
Trial ID 0.04 m nearest 2 in 0.04
Area 0 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
45.67 m3/hr
Velocity 11.13 m/s

Section 5
Pressure 18 barg 1823.85 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 5240 Nm3/hr
ID 3.07 in NPS 3 in Sch 40
Trial ID 0.08 m
Area 0 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
306.08 m3/hr
Velocity 17.82 m/s

Main Header (Before 1st Ball Valve) Section 8


Pressure 18 barg 1823.85 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 7540 Nm3/hr
ID 4.03 in NPS 4 in Sch 40
ID 0.1 m
Area 0.01 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
440.43 m3/hr
Velocity 14.89 m/s

Header to GTG Section 9


Pressure 18 barg 1823.85 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 5224 Nm3/hr
ID 3.07 in NPS 3 in Sch 40
ID 0.08 m
Area 0 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
305.14 m3/hr
Velocity 17.77 m/s

Header to HRSG (before PCV) Section 10


Pressure 18 barg 1819.6 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 1536 Nm3/hr
ID 2.07 in NPS 2 in Sch 80
ID 0.05 m
Area 0 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
89.92 m3/hr
Velocity 13.11 m/s

Header at HRSG (after PCV) Section 11


Pressure 2 barg 202.65 kPag
Temperature 30 degC 303.15 K
Flow 2316 Nm3/hr
ID 6.07 in NPS 6 in Sch 40
ID 0.15 m
Area 0.02 m2
Flow at 18 barg, 30 degC
856.79 m3/hr
Velocity 12.76 m/s
.325)* (273.15)/(101.325)(Tf + 273.15) )* (Actual Flow)

Section Calculated Flow (m3/h) NTP (Nm3/hr) Flow Pressure (barg)NPS (in) P&ID
1 45.67 1830 18 2 DN50 (2")
2 213.79 3660 18 3 DN80 (3")
3A 45.56 780 18 1 1"
4 91.12 1560 18 2 DN50 (2")
5 306.08 5220 18 3 ?
6 577.11 1560 2 5 4"
7 288.56 780 2 3 3"
8 440.43 7540 18 4
9 305.14 5224 18 3
10 135.28 2316 18 2
11 856.79 2316 2 6
m

5490
Velocity (m/s)

13.74
15.96
17.00
12.49