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CCNA v4 - E4 - Final

1. Refer to the exhibit. What is placed in the address field in the header of a frame
that will travel from the DC router to the Orlando router?

DLCI 123
DLCI 321
10.10.10.25
10.10.10.26
MAC address of the Orlando router

2. A technician has been asked to run Cisco SDM one-step lockdown on the router of
a customer. What will be the result of this process?

Traffic is only forwarded from SDM-trusted Cisco routers.


Security testing is performed and the results are saved as a text file stored in
NVRAM.
The router is tested for potential security problems and any necessary
changes are made.
All traffic entering the router is quarantined and checked for viruses before being
forwarded.

3. Which three guidelines would help contribute to creating a strong password


policy? (Choose three.)

Once a good password is created, do not change it.


Deliberately misspell words when creating passwords.
Create passwords that are at least 8 characters in length.
Use combinations of upper case, lower case, and special characters.
Write passwords in locations that can be easily retrieved to avoid being locked out.
Use long words found in the dictionary to make passwords that are easy to
remember.

4. Refer to the exhibit. This router is being configured to use SDM, but the SDM
interface of the router cannot be accessed. What is the cause of the problem?

The VTY lines are not configured correctly.


The HTTP timeout policy is not configured correctly.
The authentication method is not configured correctly.
The username and password are not configured correctly.

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5. Which additional functionality is available on an interface when the encapsulation
is changed from HDLC to PPP?

flow control
error control
authentication
synchronous communication

6. Which security solution has the responsibility of monitoring suspicious processes


that are running on a host and that might indicate infection of Trojan horse
applications?

antivirus application
operating system patches
intrusion prevention system
Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance

7. Refer to the exhibit. From the output of the show interface commands, at which
OSI layer is a fault indicated?

application
transport
network
data link
physical

8. Which option represents a best practice for applying ACLs?

Named ACLs are less efficient than numbered ACLs.


Standard ACLs should be applied inside the core layer.
ACLs applied to outbound interfaces use fewer router resources.
Extended ACLs should be applied closest to the source that is specified by
the ACL.

9. When NAT is in use, what is used to determine the addresses that can be
translated on a Cisco router?

access control list


routing protocol
inbound interface
ARP cache

10. What is the result when the command permit tcp 10.25.132.0 0.0.0.255 any eq
smtp is added to a named access control list and applied on the inbound interface of
a router?

TCP traffic with a destination to the 10.25.132.0/24 is permitted.


Only Telnet traffic is permitted to the 10.24.132.0/24 network
Ttraffic from 10.25.132.0/24 is permitted to anywhere on using any port.
Traffic using port 25 from the 10.25.132.0/24 is permitted to all
destinations.

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11. Refer to the exhibit. Results of the show vlan and show vtp status commands for
switches S1 and S2 are displayed in the exhibit. VLAN 11 was created on S1. Why is
VLAN 11 missing from S2?

There is a Layer 2 loop.


The VTP domain names do not match.
Only one switch can be in server mode.
S2 has a higher spanning-tree priority for VLAN 11 than S1 does.

12. Which option correctly defines the capacity through the local loop guaranteed to
a customer by the service provider?

BE
DE
CIR
CBIR

13. A network administrator is tasked with maintaining two remote locations in the
same city. Both locations use the same service provider and have the same service
plan for DSL service. When comparing download rates, it is noticed that the location
on the East side of town has a faster download rate than the location on the West
side of town. How can this be explained?

The West side has a high volume of POTS traffic.


The West side of town is downloading larger packets.
The service provider is closer to the location on the East side.
More clients share a connection to the DSLAM on the West side.

14. Refer to the exhibit. What is the effect of the extended ACL when applied
inbound on the S0/0/0 interface on R2?

All IP traffic will be permitted during the specified days and time range.
Both IP and Telnet traffic will be permitted during the specified days and time range.
Only Telnet traffic destined for 172.16.10.0/24 will be permitted during the specified
days and time range.
Telnet traffic will be permitted only during the specified days and time
range. All other network traffic will be permitted any time.

15. Refer to the exhibit. How is the TCP/IP configuration information specified by the
default-router and dns-server commands made available?

The TCP/IP information is forwarded to a 10.0.1.3 to be supplied to DHCP clients.


The TCP/IP information is used by DNS clients to forward all data to the default
gateway on R1 of 10.0.1.3.
The TCP/IP information is supplied to any DHCP client on the network connected to
the FastEthernet 0/0 interface of R1.
The TCP/IP information is applied to each packet that enters R1 through the
FastEthernet 0/0 interface that are hosts on the 10.0.1.0 /24 network except packets
from addresses 10.0.1.2, 10.0.1.16, and 10.0.1.254.

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16. A light manufacturing company wishes to replace its DSL service with a non-line-
of-sight broadband wireless solution that offers comparable speeds. Which solution
should the customer choose?
Wi-Fi
satellite
WiMAX
Metro Ethernet

17. A system administrator must provide Internet connectivity for ten hosts in a
small remote office. The ISP has assigned two public IP addresses to this remote
office. How can the system administrator configure the router to provide Internet
access to all ten users at the same time?
Configure DHCP and static NAT.
Configure dynamic NAT for ten users.
Configure static NAT for all ten users.
Configure dynamic NAT with overload.

18. Which statement accurately describes a characteristic of a security policy?

It creates a basis for legal action if necessary.


It should not need altering once it is implemented.
It provides step-by-step procedures to harden routers and other network devices.
It is kept private from users to prevent the possibility of circumvention of security
measures

19. A company uses a PVC with a committed information rate (CIR) of 128 kb/s and a
committed burst information rate (CBIR) of 64 kb/s. The link is used to periodically
send updates at a rate of 144 kb/s. What will happen to the update traffic?

The traffic will be sent, but the company will be charged a penalty.
The traffic will be sent using the additional CBIR and will be guaranteed delivery.
The traffic will be dropped at the CO for exceeding the committed
information rate.
The traffic will be sent, but the burst traffic will be marked for discard if congestion is
encountered.

20. Which variable is permitted or denied by a standard access control list?

protocol type
source IP address
source MAC address
destination IP address
destination MAC address

21. Refer to the exhibit. A host connected to Fa0/0 is unable to acquire an IP address
from the DHCP server. The output of the debug ip dhcp server command shows
"DHCPD: there is no address pool for 192.168.3.17". What is the problem?

The address 192.168.3.17 address is already in use by Fa0/0.


The pool of addresses for the 192Network pool is configured incorrectly.
The ip helper-address command should be used on the Fa0/0 interface.
The 192.168.3.17 address has not been excluded from the 192Network pool.

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22. Which statement is true about NCP?

Link termination is the responsibility of NCP.


Each network protocol has a corresponding NCP.
NCP establishes the initial link between PPP devices.
NCP tests the link to ensure that the link quality is sufficient.

23. Which statement is true about wildcard masks?

A wildcard mask must be created by inverting the subnet mask.


A wildcard mask performs the same function as a subnet mask.
A wildcard mask of 0.0.0.0 means the address should match exactly.
A wildcard mask uses a "1" to identify IP address bits that must be checked.

24. Which IEEE 802.16 broadband wireless technology allows users to connect to the
ISP at speeds comparable to DSL and cable?

Wi-Fi
satellite
WiMAX
Metro Ethernet

25. An administrator is configuring a dual stack router with IPv6 and IPv4 using
RIPng. The administrator receives an error message when trying to enter the IPv4
routes into RIPng. What is the cause of the problem?

When IPv4 and IPv6 are configured on the same interface, all IPv4 addresses are
over-written in favor of the newer technology.
Incorrect IPv4 addresses are entered on the router interfaces.
RIPng is incompatible with dual-stack technology.
IPv4 is incompatible with RIPng

26. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is configuring Frame Relay on


router HQ. It is desired that each Frame Relay PVC between the routers be in a
separate subnet. Which two commands on HQ will accomplish this task for the
connection to R1? (Choose two.)
HQ(config)# interface S0/0/0
HQ(config)# interface S0/0/0.1 multipoint
HQ(config)# interface S0/0/0.1 point-to-point
HQ(config-subif)# frame-relay interface dlci 103
HQ(config-subif)# frame-relay interface dlci 301
HQ(config-if)# frame-relay map ip 172.16.1.1 255.255.255.0 301 broadcast

27. Which two statements are true about creating and applying access lists? (Choose
two.)

There is an implicit deny at the end of all access lists.


One access list per port, per protocol, per direction is permitted.
Access list entries should filter in the order from general to specific.
The term "inbound" refers to traffic that enters the network from the router interface
where the ACL is applied.
Standard ACLs should be applied closest to the source while extended ACLs should
be applied closest to the destination.
28. Refer to the exhibit. All devices are configured as shown in the exhibit. PC1 is

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unable to ping the default gateway. What is the cause of the problem?

The default gateway is in the wrong subnet.


STP has blocked the port that PC1 is connected to.
Port Fa0/2 on S2 is assigned to the wrong VLAN.
S2 has the wrong IP address assigned to the VLAN30 interface.

29. An issue of response time has recently arisen on an application server. The new
release of a software package has also been installed on the server. The
configuration of the network has changed recently. To identify the problem,
individuals from both teams responsible for the recent changes begin to investigate
the source of the problem. Which statement applies to this situation?

Scheduling will be easy if the network and software teams work independently.
It will be difficult to isolate the problem if two teams are implementing
changes independently.
Results from changes will be easier to reconcile and document if each team works in
isolation.
Only results from the software package should be tested as the network is designed
to accommodate the proposed software platform.

30. A company is looking for a WAN solution to connect its headquarters site to four
remote sites. What are two advantages that dedicated leased lines provide
compared to a shared Frame Relay solution? (Choose two.)

reduced jitter
reduced costs
reduced latency
the ability to burst above guaranteed bandwidth
the ability to borrow unused bandwidth from the leased lines of other customers

31. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator has issued the commands that are
shown on Router1 and Router2. A later review of the routing tables reveals that
neither router is learning the LAN network of the neighbor router. What is most likely
the problem with the RIPng configuration?

The serial interfaces are in different subnets.


The RIPng process is not enabled on interfaces.
The RIPng processes do not match between Router1 and Router2.
The RIPng network command is missing from the IPv6 RIP configuration.

32. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is trying to backup the IOS software
on R1 to the TFTP server. He receives the error message that is shown in the exhibit,
and cannot ping the TFTP server from R1. What is an action that can help to isolate
this problem?

Use correct source file name in the command.


Verify that the TFTP server software is running.
Make sure that there is enough room on the TFTP server for the backup.
Check that R1 has a route to the network where the TFTP server resides.

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33. Which type of ACL will permit traffic inbound into a private network only if an
outbound session has already been established between the source and destination?

extended
reflexive
standard
time-based

34. Which two protocols in combination should be used to establish a link with
secure authentication between a Cisco and a non-Cisco router? (Choose two.)

HDLC
PPP
SLIP
PAP
CHAP

35. Refer to the exhibit. Which statement is true about the Frame Relay connection?

The Frame Relay connection is in the process of negotiation.


A congestion control mechanism is enabled on the Frame Relay connection.
The “ACTIVE” status of the Frame Relay connection indicates that the network is
experiencing congestion.
Only control FECN and BECN bits are sent over the Frame Relay connection. No data
traffic traverses the link.

36. Refer to the exhibit. Company ABC expanded its business and recently opened a
new branch office in another country. IPv6 addresses have been used for the
company network. The data servers Server1 and Server2 run applications which
require end-to-end functionality, with unmodified packets that are forwarded from
the source to the destination. The edge routers R1 and R2 support dual stack
configuration. What solution should be deployed at the edge of the company network
in order to successfully interconnect both offices?

a new WAN service supporting only IPv6


NAT overload to map inside IPv6 addresses to outside IPv4 address
a manually configured IPv6 tunnel between the edge routers R1 and R2
static NAT to map inside IPv6 addresses of the servers to an outside IPv4 address
and dynamic NAT for the rest of the inside IPv6 addresses

37. Refer to the exhibit. Router1 and Router2 are directly connected over a point-to-
point serial link. Router1 initiates a PPP session with Router2. Which statement is
true based on the configuration?

The password is sent in clear text.


The routers are unable to authenticate.
The username and password are sent encrypted.
A hash value of the username and password are sent.

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38. Which encapsulation protocol when deployed on a Cisco router over a serial
interface is only compatible with another Cisco router?

PPP
SLIP
HDLC
Frame Relay

39. At what point in the PPP connection process does the authentication phase
occur?

after NCP establishes Layer 3 parameters


before LCP begins the link establishment process
after the initial Configure-Request message from the link initiator
after the link initiator receives a Configure-Ack message from the responder

40. Which data link layer encapsulation protocol is used by default for serial
connections between two Cisco routers?

ATM
Frame Relay
HDLC
PPP
SDLC

41. Refer to the exhibit. RIPv2 has been configured on all routers in the network.
Routers R1 and R3 have not received any RIP routing updates. What will fix the
issue?

Enable RIP authentication on R2.


Issue the ip directed-broadcast command on R2.
Change the subnet masks to 10.11.12.0/8 and 172.16.40.0/16 on R2.
Enable CDP on R2 so that the other routers will receive routing updates

42. Refer to the exhibit. A network administrator is creating a prototype to verify the
new WAN design. However, the communication between the two routers cannot be
established. Based on the output of the commands, what can be done to solve the
problem?

Replace the serial cable .


Replace the WIC on RA.
Configure RA with a clock rate command.
Issue a no shutdown interface command on RB.

43. Where does a service provider assume responsibility from a customer for a WAN
connection?

local loop
DTE cable on router
demarcation point
demilitarized zone

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44. When configuring a Frame Relay connection, what is the purpose of Inverse ARP?

to assign a DLCI to a remote peer


to disable peer requests from determining local Layer 3 addresses
to negotiate LMI encapsulations between local and remote Frame Relay peers
to create a mapping of DLCI to Layer 3 addresses that belong to remote
peers

45. Which characteristic of VPN technology prevents the contents of data


communications from being read by unauthorized parties?

QoS
latency
reliability
confidentiality

46. What is a characteristic feature of a worm?

exploits a known vulnerability


attaches to executable programs
masquerades as a legitmate program
lies dormant until triggered by an event, time, or date

47. An administrator is unable to receive e-mail. While troubleshooting the problem,


the administrator is able to ping the local mail server IP address successfully from a
remote network and can successfully resolve the mail server name to an IP address
via the use of the nslookup command. At what OSI layer is the problem most likely to
be found?

physical layer
data link layer
network layer
application layer

48. Refer to the exhibit. This serial interface is not functioning correctly. Based on
the output shown, what is the most likely cause?

improper LMI type


interface reset
PPP negotiation failure
unplugged cable

49. Refer to the exhibit. What happens if the network administrator issues the
commands shown when an ACL called Managers already exists on the router?

The commands overwrite the existing Managers ACL.


The commands are added at the end of the existing Managers ACL.
The network administrator receives an error stating that the ACL already exists.
The commands will create a duplicate Managers ACL containing only the new
commands being entered.

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50. Refer to the exhibit. What statement is true about the core router devices?

They use multiport internetworking devices to switch traffic such as Frame Relay,
ATM, or X.25 over the WAN.
They provide internetworking and WAN access interface ports that are used to
connect to the service provider network.
They provide termination for the digital signal and ensure connection integrity
through error correction and line monitoring.
They support multiple telecommunications interfaces of the highest speed
and are able to forward IP packets at full speed on all of those interfaces.

51. Refer to the exhibit. From the output of the show interfaces and ping commands,
at which layer of the OSI model is a fault indicated?

application
transport
network
data link
physical

52. Refer to the exhibit. Which statement correctly describes how Router1 processes
an FTP request packet that enters interface S0/0/0, and is destined for an FTP server
at IP address 172.16.1.5?

The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that is created by access-
list 201 permit ip any any command and allows the packet into the router.
The router reaches the end of ACL 101 without matching a condition and drops the
packet because there is no statement that was created by access-list 101 permit ip
any any command.
The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that was created
by the access-list 101 permit ip any 172.16.1.0 0.0.0.255 command, ignores
the remaining statements in ACL 101, and allows the packet into the
router.
The router matches the incoming packet to the statement that was created by the
access-list 201 deny icmp 172.16.1.0 0.0.0.255 any command, continues comparing
the packet to the remaining statements in ACL 201 to ensure that no subsequent
statements allow FTP, and then the router drops the packet.

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