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Marrius Pettiford Ph.

D
Senior Director of Counseling & Student Services
Wake County Public School System

Jon Powell, J.D


Campbell Law School
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}  Describe the difference between our Juvenile Justice
Project and broader concept of Restorative Justice

}  Restorative Practices are cited as best practice by


US Department of Education and Department of Justice

}  Provide a current status report on the WCPSS Juvenile


Justice Project

}  Share areas of further study and development

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The act is viewed as a violation of law.

Resolution focuses on:

}  Deciding what law has been broken


}  Deciding who broke the law
}  Deciding an appropriate punishment
}  Implementing the punishment
}  Supervising the punishment

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Restorative Justice is a process to involve, to
the extent possible, those who have a stake
in a specific offense and to collectively
identify and address harms, needs and
obligations, in order to heal and put things as
right as possible.
 
 
Zehr, The Little Book of Restorative Justice p. 37.

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The act is viewed as a violation of people and
relationships.

Resolution focuses on:

}  Who has been hurt and what are their needs
}  Who has an obligation to address those needs
}  What is the best process to address the needs
}  What are the most restorative resolutions

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}  The model is based on utilizing two of the restorative
justice practices
◦  the Mediation Model
◦  the Circle Process

}  Differs from traditional Peer Mediation

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}  Began in 2003 with the Juvenile Justice System in
Harnett County based purely on a Restorative Justice
Model (working with the Juvenile Court System)
}  Data showed that most incidents were occurring in
schools and restorative justice practices were selected
to work with schools
}  The school system and court system joined to use
restorative justice model
}  Juvenile Justice Project was implemented by several
schools in Harnett County in 2006

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•  Campbell law professor trains clinical law
school students in restorative justice
practices

•  Campbell law school receives a referral from


school administrator

•  Professor & law students meet with


•  offender, victim & parents separately

•  assess the desire for students & parents


to bring resolution to the issue at hand
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•  Students meet to dialogue and bring
resolution to the issue

•  Attorney Powell & law students debrief with


school Administrators by providing a written
report

•  Principal may adjust disciplinary outcomes


based on successful completion of mediation

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Ligon (2009)
Moore Square (2009)
E. Garner (2010)
N. Garner (2010)
E. Millbrook (2011)
Broughton HS (2011)
Garner HS (2012)
*Carroll MS (2013)

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›  Kay Pranis – “The Little Book of Circle
Processes”
›  Used in:
›  Neighborhoods
›  Schools
›  Workplaces
›  Social services
›  Justice systems
›  Benefits:
›  Values every participant
›  Emphasizes connectedness
›  Supports emotional/Spiritual
expression
›  Gives equal voice to all

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› Purpose:
establish clear expectations and
guidelines to create safe space for open
communication

› Not
imposed on participants– adopted and
enforced by participants

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•  Who are we?
•  What happened?
•  Who was harmed and how?
•  What needs to be done to make things
right?
•  Works well with two-party issues

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•  Create safe space
•  Have individual meetings
•  Prepare participants for
face-to-face meeting by
sharing information
•  Allows students involved to
create the solutions
•  Address the harms
•  Humanize!
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“JUVENILE JUSTICE PROJECT”

A Statistical Summary of
Wake County Schools

February 2010 – January 2014

Developed by Campbell Law School

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# of Referrals
}  229 Cases Referred
◦  High Schools (31) High
–  Broughton High School – 9 31 School
–  Garner High School - 22 Middle
198 School
◦  Middle Schools (198)
–  North Garner Middle School – 23
–  East Garner Middle School - 38
–  Moore Square Middle School – 67
–  East Millbrook Middle School – 51
–  Ligon Middle School – 18
–  Carroll Middle School - 1

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}  485 Total Students
500
◦  High Schools – 77
400
–  Males – 12 190
300
–  Females - 65 Females
200
◦  Middle Schools – 408 218
Males
100
–  Males – 218 65
0 12
–  Females - 190 High Middle
School School

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}  485 Total Students (HS + MS) Females
◦  High Schools – 77 Students Males
Total Broughton 22
HS 1
–  Broughton High School –
23
–  Males – 1 64
Garner HS
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–  Females - 22
–  Garner High School – 54
0 50 100
–  Males – 11
–  Females - 43

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}  485 Total Students (HS + MS)
◦  Middle Schools (408)
–  North Garner Middle School – 50 33 17 Males
N. Garner MS
–  Males – 33
–  Females - 17
–  East Garner Middle School – 86 E. Garner MS 34 52 Females
–  Males – 34
–  Females - 52 81 47
Moore Square MS
–  Moore Square Middle School – 128
–  Males – 81
–  Females - 47 E. Millbrook MS 48 64
–  East Millbrook Middle School – 112
–  Males – 48 Ligon MS 1810
–  Females - 64
–  Ligon Middle School – 28
Carroll MS 40
–  Males -18
–  Females - 10
–  Carroll Middle School – 4 0 100 200
–  Males – 4
–  Females - 0

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Students in Mediation
6% 3%
9% Not Disclosed - 27

Multi-Racial - 15
13%

69%
Caucasian - 44

Hispanic - 65

African American - 334

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Conflict Among Males Conflict Among Females
3%

Physical Conflict - 6%
115 Physical Conflict -
22%
38% 41
Verbal Conflict - 34
Verbal Conflict - 61
56%
75%

Bullying - 4 Bullying - 7

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›  Next Steps
›  Joint application for a US Department of Justice Research Study Grant-”The
Comprehensive School Safety Initiative” between Campbell Law (fiscal agent) &
WCPSS & NCSU

›  Work with WCPSS Data & Accountability to review longitudinal data to investigate
trends “post” participation in the project

›  Investigate the link between the mediation program and suspension data

›  Work with WCPSS Intervention Services to align Juvenile Justice Project Practices
within the MTSS/PBIS Framework

›  Develop expansion plans based on feeder patterns, school interest and Area
Superintendent consultation.
(*Campbell Law School’s ability to support the program or possibility of an
additional law school to assist)

›  Re-engage administrators at project schools with lower referral numbers

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