Configuring the Target Update Override

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By default, the Integration Service updates target tables based on key values. However, you can override the default UPDATE statement for each target in a mapping. You might want to update the target based on non-key columns. When the Integration Service executes SQL against a source, target, or lookup database, it searches the reserved words file stored in the Integration Service installation directory. It encloses matching reserved words in quotes. If you use target update override, you must manually put all reserved words in quotes. For a mapping without an Update Strategy transformation or a Custom transformation with the update strategy property enabled, configure the session to mark source rows as update. The Target Update option only affects source rows marked as update. The Integration Service processes all rows marked as insert, delete, or reject normally. When you configure the session, mark source rows as data-driven. The Target Update Override only affects source rows marked as update by the Update Strategy or Custom transformation. For example, a mapping passes the total sales for each salesperson to the T_SALES table. The Designer generates the following default UPDATE statement for the target T_SALES: UPDATE T_SALES SET EMP_NAME = :TU.EMP_NAME, DATE_SHIPPED = :TU.DATE_SHIPPED, TOTAL_SALES = :TU.TOTAL_SALES WHERE EMP_ID = :TU.EMP_ID Because the target ports must match the target column names, the update statement includes the keyword:TU to specify the ports in the target transformation. If you modify the UPDATE portion of the statement, be sure to use :TU to specify ports. Overriding the WHERE Clause You can override the WHERE clause to include non-key columns. For example, you might want to update records for employees named Mike Smith only. To do this, you edit the WHERE clause as follows: UPDATE T_SALES SET DATE_SHIPPED = :TU.DATE_SHIPPED, TOTAL_SALES = :TU.TOTAL_SALES WHERE :TU.EMP_NAME = EMP_NAME and EMP_NAME = 'MIKE SMITH' Rules and Guidelines Use the following rules and guidelines when you enter target update queries: If you use target update override, you must manually put all database reserved words in quotes. You cannot override the default UPDATE statement if the target column name contains any of the following characters: ' , ( ) < > = + - * / \ t \ n \ 0 <space> You can use parameters and variables in the target update query. Use any parameter or variable type that you can define in the parameter file. You can enter a parameter or variable within the UPDATE statement, or you can use a parameter or variable as the update query. For example, you can enter a session parameter, $ParamMyOverride, as the update query, and set $ParamMyOverride to the UPDATE statement in a parameter file.

different runs of the mapping on identical input data may result in different data in the target table. Select Generate SQL. the following query sets the EMP_NAME to “MIKE SMITH” for all rows in the target table if any row of the transformation has EMP_ID > 100: UPDATE T_SALES set EMP_NAME = 'MIKE SMITH' WHERE :TU. 6 . depending on the WHERE clause and the data from the mapping. the Target Update statement only affects records marked for update. . configure the session to mark all source records as update. If you use the Target Update option. For example. the Designer verifies that you have referenced valid port names.EMP_ID > 100 If the WHERE clause contains no port references. Click the Open button in the Update Override field. or no rows in the target table. A WHERE clause that does not contain any column references updates all rows in the target table. You can override the WHERE clause to include non-key columns. 5 . The SQL Editor displays. 2 . Enclose all reserved words in quotes. The default UPDATE statement appears. Click OK. the mapping updates the same set of rows for each row of the mapping. Click Properties.EMP_NAME WHERE EMP_ID > 100 If the mapping includes an Update Strategy or Custom transformation. To enter a target update statement: 1 . Steps to Enter a Target Update Statement Use the following procedure to create an update statement. For example. It does not validate the SQL. If the mapping does not define an order for the result data. 4 . the database only has data from the last update. Double-click the title bar of a target instance. The Designer validates the SQL when you save the mapping. 3 . the following query updates all employees with EMP_ID > 100 to have the EMP_NAME from the last row in the mapping: UPDATE T_SALES set EMP_NAME = :TU. If you update an individual row in the target table more than once. Modify the update statement.When you save a mapping.

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