Learning Management System ( LMS ) A LMS is a software package that enables the management and delivery of online content

to learners. Most LMSs are web-based to facilitate "anytime, any place, any pace" access to learning content and administration. Typically an LMS allows for learner registration, delivery of learning activities, and learner assessment in an online environment. More comprehensive LMSs often include tools such as competency management, skills-gap analysis, succession planning, professional certifications, and resource allocation (venues, rooms, textbooks, instructors, etc.). LMSs are based on a variety of development platforms, from Java EE based architectures to Microsoft .NET, and usually employ the use of a robust database back-end. While most systems are commercially developed and frequently have non free software|free licences or restrict access to their source code, free and open-source models do exist. Other than the most simple, basic functionality, all LMSs cater to, and focus on different educational, administrative, and deployment requirements. Open source and Web-based LMS software solutions are growing fast in the education and business world. Learning management systems vs. learning content management systems (LCMS).In addition to managing the administrative functions of online learning, some systems also provide tools to deliver and manage instructor-led synchronous and asynchronous online training based on learning object methodology. These systems are called Learning content management systems or LCMSs. An LCMS provides tools for authoring and re-using or repurposing content (mutated learning objects) MLO as well as virtual spaces for learner interaction (such as discussion forums and live chat rooms). Despite this distinction, the terms LMS is often used to refer to both an LMS and an LCMS, although the LCMS is a further development of the LMS. Due to this conformity issue, the acronym Clcims is now widely used to create a uniform phonetic way of referencing any learning system software based on advanced learning technology methodology. In essence, an LMS is a high-level, strategic solution for planning, delivering, and managing most learning events within an organization, including online, virtual classroom, and instructor-led courses. The primary solution is replacing isolated and fragmented learning programs with a systematic means of assessing and raising competency and performance levels throughout a learning enterprise. For example, an LMS can simplify global certification efforts, enable entities to align learning initiatives with strategic goals, and provide a viable means of enterprise-level skills management. The focus of an LMS is to manage learners, keeping track of their progress and performance across all types of training activities. It performs heavy-duty administrative tasks, such as reporting to intructors, HR and other ERP systems but isn’t generally used to create course content. In contrast, the focus of an LCMS is on learning content. It gives authors, instructional designers, and subject matter experts the means to create and re-use e-learning content more efficiently. The primary business problem an LCMS solves is to create just enough content just in time to meet the needs of individual learners or groups of learners. Rather than developing entire courses and adapting them to multiple audiences, instructional designers

roles. and facilities and generate reports Course calendar Learner messaging and notifications Assessment/testing capable of handling student pre/post testing Display scores and transcripts Grading of coursework and roster processing. The characteristics shared by both types of LMSs include: • • • • • • • • Manage users. required and elective training requirements at an individual and organizational level Grouping learners according to demographic units (geographic region. training outsourcing firms. etc. completed in single instructorled or online session. may share many characteristics with an LMS. or Virtual learning environment.create reusable content chunks or learning objects and make them available to course developers and content experts throughout the organization. LMSs can cater to different educational. In addition to commercial packages. In addition to the remaining smaller LMS product vendors.) Assign corporate and partner employees to more than one job title at more than one demographic unit Learning Management Industry In the relatively new LMS market. product line. courses. used by educational institutions. including waitlisting Web-based or blended course delivery Characteristics more specific to corporate learning. include: Autoenrollment (enrolling learners in courses when required according to predefined criteria. they each meet unique needs. In the corporate setting a course may be much shorter. administrative. instructors. This eliminates duplicate development efforts and allows for the rapid assembly of customized content. many open source solutions are available. such as job title or work location) Manager enrollment and approval Boolean definitions for prerequisites or equivalencies Integration with performance tracking and management systems Planning tools to identify skill gaps at departmental and individual level Curriculum. for example. commercial vendors for corporate and education applications range from new entrants to those that entered the market in the nineties. In 2005. which sometimes includes franchisees or other business partners. Characteristics As previously mentioned. While an LMS for corporate learning. and deployment requirements. enterprise resource . The six largest LMS product companies constitute approximately 43% of the market. LMSs represented a fragmented $500 million market (CLO magazine[1]). business size. The Virtual learning environment used by universities and colleges allow instructors to manage their courses and exchange information with students for a course that in most cases will last several weeks and will meet several times during those weeks.

(About 30% were somewhat satisfied. and consulting firms all compete for part of the learning management market. respondents that were very unsatisfied with an LMS purchase doubled and those that were very satisfied decreased by 25%.planning vendors. placing higher priority on channel training . where the focus is consolidating LMS systems inside traditional corporate boundaries.com[3]. For many buyers channel learning is not their number one priority. according to a survey by TrainingOutsourcing. Often there is a disconnect when the HR department oversees training and development initiatives.) Nearly one quarter of respondents intended to purchase a new LMS or outsource their LMS functionality over the next 12 months. The number that were very satisfied or satisfied edged over 50%. Channel learning is underserved. LMS buyers are less satisfied than a year ago. Software technology companies are at the front end of this curve. According to 2005 and 2006 surveys by the American Society for Training and Development (ASTD)[2].

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