Figurative Language

The comparison of two pairs that have the same relationship. Hot is to fire as cold is to ice. hot: fire:: cold: ice

Analogy

A word that is opposite in meaning to another word.

Antonym
old- young

A word that is the same in meaning to another word.

Synonym

Mom

Mother

a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning. The words may be spelled the same, such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of "rise"), or differently, such as to, two, and too.

Homophones
mail- male

a word or group of words that share the same written form but have different meanings. Sometimes they are pronounced the same, sometimes not.

Homographs
sow-sow

is a figure of speech that indirectly compares two different things by using the words "like” or "as”.

Simile

He is as bright as the sun!

is the concept of understanding one thing in terms of another. A metaphor is a figure of speech that constructs an analogy between two things or ideas; the analogy is conveyed by the use of a metaphorical word in place of some other word. Compares without using “like” or “as”.

metaphor

Her eyes are jewels.

is the use of exaggeration as a figure of speech. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally.

hyperbole

“I’ve told you a million times to put your socks in the hamper!”

is an expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is comprehended in regard to a common use of that expression that is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words of which it is made.

idiom

It’s raining cats and dogs!

Onomatopoeia
is a word that imitates or suggests the source of the sound that it describes.

Chirp!

Crash!

Personification
is giving human qualities to something that is not human. Time marches on. The man in the moon.

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