This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
D.V.S. YASWANTH1, G.M.V.S.S.VAIBHAV1, DVSSSVPRASAD2
1) 2) II YEAR ME Students, RIT, Yanam. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, RIT, Yanam.
Abstract: Energy is the primary and most universal measure of all kinds of work by human beings and nature. There is enough wind energy spread around the world to meet our global electricity needs more than four times over. Less than 0.1% of global wind resource is currently being used. Efforts are on to introduce the cost-effective wind energy conversion systems for the renewable and environmental sources. Presently there is a scarcity of conventional fuels in the world, so there is need to utilize renewable energy sources. The aim of this paper is to utilize wind energy in generating the electric power. A model is fabricated by gathering the individual components and subjecting the fan to high velocity of winds. The fan is coupled to an electric generator which in turn generates the required voltage and current to charge the mobile phone hand set.
1. Introduction: Energy is an important input in all sectors of any country’s economy. Energy crisis is a global problem. Energy crisis is due to two reasons; firstly that the population of the world has increased rapidly and secondly the standard of living of human beings has increased. The rapid rate at which known reserves of conventional fuels are getting depleted and escalating cost of the fuel has been major causes of concern. Periodic price hike of crude oil has made that of energy most uneconomical. To meet the energy crisis, either the efficiency of existing energy conversion methods are to be improved or conserve the present sources of energy or develop alternative sources of energy, specially the renewable sources of energy such as solar, wind, hydel, tidal and geothermal which are inexhaustible and can be replenished at rapid rate. The Nonconventional sources can be the best choice for power generation as there would be a neverending supply of the power. All the countries in the world are coming forward and investing in the installation of power production plants. This has resulted in both cost-effective production and creating additional local employment.
The alternative resources such as wind, tidal, geothermal, solar, have reached at a stage to play an important supportive role to conventional source. The use of renewable
Nearly 1150 wind resources assessment programs and fifty of the wind-monitoring stations are in operation. The wind power potential in our country is of the order of 45000MW. The government has since allocated 80% of the depreciation in the first year of installation of the project as direct taxes and a tax holiday till 2007. Wind Energy in India Among the different available renewable energy sources. manufactured. India. Since late 70’s many windmills have been operating in Europe and America. and most of the wind turbines of mega watt range are technically and economically viable. The original impetus to develop wind energy in India came in early 1980’s from the erstwhile department of non-conventional energy sources. 2. As a result. wind energy is currently making a significant contribution to the installed capacity of power generation. now known as the MNES (Ministry of non-conventional energy sources).1.energy could help to conserve foreign exchange and generate local employment if conservation technologies are designed. Spain. installed capacity of wind power stations has gone up to 3595MW. The first wind mill was developed in china many centuries ago. assembled and installed locally. oil and gas required to feed the country’s rapid economic growth. Literature Survey 2. The details of a mobile phone charger and the components used in assembling the charger have been listed out and the working of each component has been discussed. . and is emerging as a competitive option. Onshore wind potential assessed as 45000MW in early 1990’s assumes 1% land availability for wind power generation in the potential areas. The complete fabrication details of a mobile phone charger along with the required circuit diagrams have been furnished. with an installed capacity in excess of 1220MW. Harnessing wind energy for generating the electricity has picked up momentum in the last few years. Most commonly used energy conversion device from wind to electricity is induction generators. and USA in wind power generation. There was a move to encourage diversification of fuel sources away from the growing demand for coal. The modern wind turbine came into existence due to oil crisis when many power companies considered wind power as an alternative source of energy for fossil fuel to generate electrical energy. ranks fourth in the world after Germany. As a result.
5m/s where wind power would most certainly be economically competitive. Which accounts for more than half of the installations. from the coastal plains to the hilly areas and sandy deserts. There are two primary physical principles by which energy can extracted from the wind.All the state governments have been directed to create an attractive environment for the export. use and economy. Wind farms in India. Recently. In addition.This variability of the wind power resource strongly influences virtually all aspects of wind energy conversion system design. and are unsuitable for wind power systems. sitting. This is a beginning to change. significant land areas have mean annual wind exceeding 4. The geological spread of Indian wind power has so far been concentrated in a few regions. Drag forces provide the most obvious means of propulsion. which fills like a parachute and pulls a sailing boat with the wind. The difference between drag and lift is given by the difference between s spinnaker sail. and a Bermuda rig. Large areas of the world appear to have meant annual wind speeds below 3m/s. Gujarat. therefore. The basic features that characterize lift and drag are: . Owing a wind turbine assures them to un-interrupted power supply to their industry in any country where power failures are common. with other states.5m/s (light breeze) to 41. and almost equally large areas have wind speeds in the intermediate range (3-4. About 10 wind turbine manufacturers are currently offering their products to the Indian market.000 W/m2 at 40m/s (hurricane). these are through the creation of either drag and lift force (or through a combination of the two). The power density in the world will range from 10W/m2 at 2. these being the forces felt by a person exposed to the wind. the familiar triangular sail which deflects with wind and allows a sailing boat to travel across the wind or slightly into the world. These incentives have encouraged industries to invest in wind power.5m/s) where wind power may or may not be an attractive option. including Andhra Pradesh. some Indian manufacturers have started to export their products. construction. catching up. The result is that wind farms can be seen under construction right across the country. wheeling. purchase. often consist of clusters of individually owned generators. and banking of electricity generated by wind power projects. Maharashtra and Rajasthan. especially the southern state of Tamilnadu.
The circuit furnishes the details of connections to be made and the way in which they work. Generation of lift always causes a certain amount of drag to be developed. 2. Generator. back-up can take the form of: • • • Battery storage. A standby generator powered by liquid or gaseous fuels. Methodology: The first step towards fabricating a charger is to develop an electrical circuit. The interruption of supply may be highly inconvenient. However it is hardly anopt. Operators are users of wind turbines must ensure that there is some form of back up to cover periods when there is insufficient wind available.3. Connection with local electricity distribution system. • Lift devices are generally more efficient than drag devices.• • • • Drag is in the direction of airflow.C. The controller is run based on the power generated by the wind turbine itself. With a good aerofoil. 3. 2. The component description and complete procedure for assembling the phone charger along with the circuit details have been furnished. WECS (Wind Energy Conversion System): The aero turbine is coupled to a gearing and there is a coupling to the electric generator which on the rotation of the fan blade generates electricity.2. All these components are controlled by a controller. The main component of the charging device is the D. the lift produced can be more than thirty times greater than drag. Wind Energy Conversion Process: The “term” windmill” is still widely used to describe wind energy conversion system. . Lift is perpendicular to the direction of airflow. For small procedures.
3.1. 3.1.1. Zener diode and a battery.1. Then the above circuit is used to regulate the voltaging cases if there is a voltage fluctuation. Circuit Performance: Very stable +5V output voltage.2. Working: As the wind starts starts blowing against the fan connected to the DC motor starts revolving with a certain and then inturn as coupled to DC motor the motor starts generating a certain voltage ranging from 4. 800/3.1. Summary of circuit features: 126.96.36.199. Cost of the components: Cost of the components and assembly comes around Rs. 3. Brief description of operation: Gives out well regulated +5V output with the current 100mA .1V to 5. a diode. The circuit consists of a capacitor. Power supply voltage: Unregulated DC 8-18V power supply. Circuit Protection: Built-in overheating protection shuts down output when regulator IC gets too hot. Power supply Content: Needed output current +5mA 3. reliable operation. The fan is coupled to the DC motor and then the motor is connected to an electrical circuit which is used to regulate the voltage generated and then is supplied to the charger point. 3. Availability of components: easy to get. 3.8. uses only very common basic components.3. A battery is used to store the generated voltage.5.1.The electric circuit of wind powered mobile phone hand set charger.2. of revolutions the fan makes per minute.1.7V which depends upon the velocity with which the wind is blowing and the no.1.4.1. Circuit complexity: Very simple and easy to build 3. . 3. when rotates generates the voltage as it is coupled to a generator. The connection from the motor is given to the Zener diode which permits the current flow in the forward direction. The fan.
Results and Discussion: As per the technical specifications given by the manufacturers of NOKIA phone.5V and a current of 110mA which is sufficient for a battery to get charged at a minimum wind velocity of 20 KMPH and the size of the fabricated model is easy to handle during traveling 4. The actual voltage required by the mobile phone to get charged is 4.1.2V and 110mA current for 50 minutes to get charged completely The fabricated prototype is successfully generated a voltage of 4. a diode.7V which is regulated by zener diode and then supplied to the phone charger. the battery needs a voltage of 4.The circuit consists of a capacitor..2V but the out put generated by fabricated model is 5. 4.e. up to 5mA. but the require current for charging a phone device is 110mA whereas the wind powered charger generates only a small amount of current i. It has been observed that the current generated by the generator id directly proportional to the speed of rotation of the fan and become constant at a speed of 25Kmph. It has been observed that a speed of 20Kmph the mobile is get charged and at a . Case 1: on bike During the test run of the fabricated prototype of charger we obtained observations are plotted A graph between voltage and current and voltage and another graph between voltage and speed are plotted. The capacitor stores the electrical energy and then sends that energy to diode and then from the diode it is sent to zener diode the voltage from DC motor is also connected to zener diode for regulatory purpose and then a connection is given to the charger pin for which the mobile phone will be connected. a zener diode and a nickel metal hybrid battery rated 3.6 volts the capacitor is used to store electrical energy and when the capacitor is fully charged the current will stop flowing. The diode is used as a voltage regulator and the zener diode is also used for the same purpose.
In developing countries such as ours. The observations are plotted between the voltage and current and voltage and speed . the following observations are plotted. India has promising option to go for exploiting wind energy across the coastal belt to meet . rapid increase of renewable energy is easier and technically recommended.It has been observed that the current generated by generator is directly proportional to the speed of rotation of the fan used in the fabricated model and for the bus there are less variations in the graph compared with bike since it is maintained at constant average speed. Case: 2 while traveling on bus: During the test run of fabricated prototype of charger on the bus. Among the renewals.speed 40Kmph or above the intensity of current is increased gradually due to increase in wind velocity and this increase in current won’t effect the mobile phone hand set since the fabricated prototype protected with a specially designed 7805Regulator which regulates the high density of currents and supplies the required current only 4. It has been observed that at a speed of 20 KMPH the mobile is get charged and at a speed of 40Kmph are above the intensity of current is increased gradually due to increase in wind velocity and this increase in current won’t effect the mobile phone set since the fabricated prototype is protected with a specially designed 7805 Regulator which regulates the high density of currents and supplies the required current only. where the hydro carbon reserves are very limited and a lot of new energy production capacity is to be added. 5. environment effects. global warming and economy concerns it may say that non conventional energy technology is going to dominate the market. Conclusion: In light of limited and depleting reserves of the fossil fuels.2.
There is also a need to educate the people regarding various aspects of renewable energy using multimedia.picoturibe.Theraja & A. Basic Electrical Technology.Rai.com . www. www. 4. first edition. www.D. mobile phone charger using wind energy is fabricated. Tata mc GrawHill.jsp 5.windpower. 2000.windstuffnow. 1999. Non-conventional energy source.Theraja.G. sixth edition.org/en/kids/index. S.K.B. In this paper.the future energy demand in sustainable manner. 2. 3.com 6.chand publication. With this. this product can be manufactured commercially with considerable cost effectiveness. The prototype is subjected to various operating conditions and further it is observed that the prototype is working properly in different working conditions. 1996. 6. Electronic principles. Khanna publications. References: 1.L.Albert Paul malvino.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.