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Digitized by the Internet Archive
in

2010 with funding from
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http://www.archive.org/details/bookofjonahfnfoOOwrig

THE BOOK OF JONAH
CHALDEE, SYRIAC, AETHIOPIC AND ARABIC.

%iUe.

'O.i:

JohflOi.

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THE

BOOK OF JONAH
IN FOUR SEMITIC VERSIONS,
VIZ.

CHALDEE, SYRIAC, AETHIOPIC, AND ARABIC.

WITH

COERESPONDING GLOSSARIES
BY

W. ALRIGHT.

WILLIAMS AND NORGATE:
14,

HENRIETTA STREET, COVENT GARDEN, LONDON
AND
20,

j

SOUTH FREDERICK STREET, EDINBURGH.
B.

PARIS:

DUPRAT.

LEIPZIG:
1857.

F, A.

BROCKIIAUS.

BS

64361JL

PREFACE.
The aim of the
is
little

work now
Students at
in

offered

to

the

Public,

to

be useful to

those

our Universities,

who,

after

having made some progress
at least

Hebrew,

may

be anprincipal
to

xious to gain

a

slight

knowledge of the
of such

cognate

dialects.
I

On

the advantage

knowledge

the Theologian

need

not

here

enlarge.
is

Our Authorised
generally acknowcall

Version of the Hebrew Scriptures
ledged
to

now

be an indifferent one,
is is

and the

for

a revised

translation

daily
in

becoming more urgent.
places

The Masoretic
some
to
all

Text

itself

many

obscure,

in

ap-

pearance corrupt ; and the only means of getting over at least

a part of these

difficulties

is

the study

of the

other Semitic
that exist

languages and the comparison of the Translations
in

them, more especially ihe Aramaic and Arabic.
This volume presents
to the Student

one of the shortfour of
the old

est

and simplest of the
Versions

Biblical

Books
Chaldee,

in

Oriental

and Arabic

— accompanied

viz.

the

Syriac,
wliich

Aefhiopic,

by Glossaries,

give not
but
so

only the meaning of every word in
also the principal cognate

each of the texts,
in

vocables

the other dialects;


that will

a careful study of the

— work —
VI
principal

brief

thoiigli

it

be

--

enable the reader to arrive at a tolerably accurate comof
the points

prehension of some

of

resemblance

and

difference in the Semitic languages.
It

remains
in

for
I

me

to

add a few remarks as
texts.

to

the

manner

which

have constituted the several
is

The Chaldee
Polyglots

based upon a collation of the principal
editions

and
the the

early

such

as

the Parisian

and

London,
Bible

Bomberg

or Venetian,

and Buxtorf's Rabbinic
at

most important variants being given

the foot

of the page.

The Syriac

text is taken

from Lee's

edition,
in

recollated
the British

with two Mss. in the Bodleian Library and two

Museum.
modes of
in

It

was my endeavour

to

exhibit here the different

indicating the vowels etc. in Syriac; an endeavour
I

which, however,
to

have not succeeded very

well,

owing
in

chiefly

the imperfections of the ty^De.
(p.

For instance
point

the

word
(it

o-»,£^z|o

48,

1.

8),

the

large

above
to

(he

^

should liave

been

still

larger in

proportion

the

rest)

belongs to the oldest system of punctuation, and shows that
it

is

of the fourth conj. or Ethpa"al; whilst the small points
first

under the

z and over the

^
atid

and

the

second z,

indi-

cate respectively the aspirated

unaspirated pronunciation

of

those

letters

((jlhkatash,
ia
'

or

more

correctly
(p.

ethkat13)
the

tasli).

So again

the

word
the

^j-^zjo

50,

1.

small dot between the

z and

^
the

indicates the unaspirated

sound of
letters

the

former,

or

rather

assimilation

of the
Ihe

two
large
conj.

(etiarraf instead of ethtarraf); whilst
the

dot

over

syllable

^

is

the

mark of

tiie

fourth

:^


([».

VIJ


final
3.
1.

hi _L3-f4z]
z'*cire

49,

1.

3)

tlie

Iwo large points under the
tlie

one

way

of

indicating
(p.

p.

sing, fern., In

another
the

being exemplified in iuj^o
ILn.-

49,

penult.).

noun

(p.

49,

1.

2),

the

large dot

over the .^ gives
or

a clue

to

the

pronunciation

(khebhala
more

khebhóló),
by

which
or

was

afterwards

rendered

distinct

substituting

appending
on
this

the later

vowel -sign _ or 1.
be

Some

information

subject

may

found

in

the

larger

Syriac

Gram-

mars;

more

in

Ewald's

Abhandlungen zur
edition

orientali-

schen und biblischen Literatur
Bernstein's Preface
to
liis

(Gottingen 1832) and
the Gosj:)el of St. John

of
is

(Leipzig 1853), which latter
clear

work
I

printed in a remarkably

and

beautiful

type.

should

mention

that

1

have
only
used.
in

inserted

the points

riikach (^o?) and kushai

(^a^)
I

when

they were found in one or other of the Mss. that

The Aethiopic
the variants),

text

is

from the edition ofPetraeus (P.

collated with

one Ms.

in

the Bodleian Library

and one

in

the British

Museum.
is

Finally,

the Arabic version
is,

taken from a Ms. in

the

Bodleian, and
the
first

so far as

I

am

aware,

now

published for
carelessly

time.
I

The Ms.

is

unfortunately
in

rather

written, so tliat
to
I

have been obliged
to

one or two instances

have recourse

conjectural emendation, a

remedy

wliich

am always

reluctant to employ.
is

Subjoined
requested
to

a

list

of errata, which

the

reader

is

correct before

making use of

the book.

Triniiy Colleg-e, Dublin.
November 1856.
\^r^

Wright.

: :

:

.

.

:

ERRATA.
p. 2.
1.

2. r\])

.

P. 67.

1.

25. ni:j?-]lD.

p. 4. last line,

nole h)
1.4.

i<J*in"jN*.

P.

75.1.11.
1.

(DAO-:
:

P. 5. 1.3, P. 6.
1.

^1;
mc;
1.

-2i^\

P. 76.

7.

(DZLCWl. 15.(DZ.*S.:
(DZ.CUfl)

8.

16. i<^n-.

Aner

1.

20.
1

A,^^^
1.

P. 77.
all
,

5 jfl IS

perhaps nolhing- bul

P.78.I.12.

(DA5:i.l3.?iZ.^P^:
:

an abstract noun from ^Jf , meaning- /"^or,

i.2o.a)<?^óT^:i.26.H*s.^:
1.

29.
1.

and used (liket^n^n"
P. 79.
to

and ]aV..I")

Xhl 1. -IAi"?^:
1.

last line,

denote the object
P.

(Dnn^i
80.
8.

feared, the deity.
P. 8. P. 9.
1.

(D-t-AWA:
last line,
1.

1.

17.

9.

iDiN.

hji<^^^\
P. 81.
1.
1.

1.

7. cn'.Nt.
1.

7.

— ^:
I^.
11.

XE AAflV:
AZ.Ci'?:

17.

p. 11. p. 13. p. 15.

1.

Iv^:

14. -^ij;3.
1.
1.

25.
1.

1.

14. ^o;j;

19. ^rni.

P. 84.

1.

/hJCZ.:

1.

6. AflerK'kS add: (pron.- IJ'X).

P. 89.
p.

1.

14.
1.

*iuz.:
imper.

P. 17.

1.

21. N-1-.

91.

QTil

i.

23.

P. 19. last line, H^tSN.
P.

5i?n.Ei
p. 92.
1.

20.

1.

lQ.i<^:c!2.'
6. N.^c-;i. 9. 2.

14.

-JAZ.:

P. 22. P.

1.

i^.

p. 95.
P.

1.

8.is.J?i^Z.:
1.

100.

11. UZ.Z.: and
:i;c

Aóz,z.:
8-

23.

1.

D"^n:

;

1.

3. Epiphanius; p.

104. penult. 106.
1.

last line,

(npil).

a:
l^Vi;

P. 25. 1.2.
P.
P. P.

|T>\"
-i2J7

p.

1.

7.

^ri;

32. penult.
33.
1.

18.
I.

AA*z
2.

17. hv/."'

p. p.

110.

^'
oJsL^f.

39. 1.3.
I.

Nnrp.

111.1. 12.

P. 45.
P.

3. ^^r\\.

123.

1.

7.

^al^

47.

1.

5.

^J_D.
^.n'ni.
;

P.

49.

1.

5.

1.

12.

'

^vv^V

P. P. P.

128. 1.17.
129. 132.
I.

X^.
iLi^;
I.

In several places 'in the Syriac
text a point
e.
g-.

4.

13. \x>J>l..

has been broken
last

off;

1.

10.

V^t-^-

p.

49,

line,

^JiiLi*
}i^i.i.'.

P.
P.

135.

1.

11. v>:

p.50.1.2.
P. 56.
1.

|U^o;l.l7.

136.1. 14. D3;»]^.

21. Ui^CT.

P.

138.1.22. ^tXS.

GHALDEE VERSION.

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mn-c

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sxp\-^j'"f

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A

6
nZN,
impf.

o S S

AR

Y.

^
-ZN'^,
1?".,

perish.

V.
In

-id"*"

(TD",

"2-)

destroy,
"iDin

and

intrans, perish.

bibl.

Chald.

a Hofal
Syr.
jL],
-iri<^

occurs,

Dan. MI.

11.
^<?

Heb. "iZN,

Sam.

T^A;
impf.

Aeth. A-fls:

wrt-?

(comp. -^en-z':
is

Jerem. IV. 9).
t>Lj,

The

original signif.

simply go\
/7//^

Ar.

cXaaj,

y^

a/vay, perish;

Jul

away; cXb

eternity
?.

(comp. a^w^^,

aevum ,

from the

Sanskrit rad.

go)-

"13N

^Z/-^.


,

Ar. ys^l, Syr.
hire,

j^j.

"i:n,

N"1jN',

wages,

reward.


Go*
Ai'.

^f,

Syr.

It^l
hv^^,

Sam. g'^t
':ri,

impf.

imper.

"riis;,

inf.

'rrc, ^^.

Heb.

t'lN,

Syr.
«5';^'ó'y

Vll

,

Sam.

i'^A;
Jt;
,

Ai'.

J lv,

impf.

J*jJ,

wm'^

from a place;
also
-^MiS'

impf.

JfCj, remove, intrans. cease;

J-.f,

peipetuity , eternity.
I.,

not used hi

tje

Jjehind.

lU.

-riN,

put

off,

delay.

Ar.

>s>\->

leave behind, keep back, retard, Aeth.
in.
"iriN;

A'JZ.I

Heb. iPiN,

Syr. j-Io),

delay, remain.


]"ir|N
pi.

6


other,
I^ the

and

pniNS
f.

WT",
]^n~-

another,
dialect

f.

Nn:?']";

m,

p:"]",

of

Jerusalem
"iriN,

nin,

Sam.

y^X!^ (V);

Ar.

li^f,

Heb.

Syr.

'N note
f.

of interrogation
N*"''f<,

pref.

to

pron.

and

adv.,
"sN

as

]"'"1''N,

which?

-ji-D

IN

whence? ipc

?vhen? Heb.

etc.


n^iN,
\s*

Ar.

^1, Aeth. h^'.
sufF,

who, which, tvhat?
pron.
;^'Atf;'<?.^

""N,

Sam. /HA, with

n*.

"lii

which?
in

ni

7vhence? ^'^C^]^ where? Syr. J], ),
I^aifi^f

^L^j

where?

whence?
/*,
//^(9^<!

„kilo]

when?
pron.

etc.

n\N

//^^r^

etc.

with
etc.

sufF.

""n-iN*,

"''n\S'

,

^ri'in"'N,

/

<^/?^,

art,

Ar.

Q>*jt

obsoL, Heb.
10),
bibl.

t:'';'

and

t^'N

(2

Sam.

XTV. 19, Miclia VI.

Chald.
the

\75<, Syr.

^j^ Sam.

AHtA,

AA,
n^'?,

A/Tl;

with

negat.
'^'1^?:?'

;/,

nS, are formed,

y^,
]^ij!?»>!'

^^^ , A(Tli.
Ar. 8^1
ii^c!^!^!,

'^'C~'
aJI^,

^

^^^^'

^^^/
aJI^f,

pi-

^'^.r'"-

or

with the

art.

con(r.

aJUt;

fem.

contr,
in the

(o^f
"

[AXiXar, Herodot. HI. 8, ed, Schweigh.)
Sinaitic

;

so-called

Inscriptions

*) n'^N*

(e.

g.
d.

rb^ ND jPO
D. M. G. vol.

priest of the
III.

god
in

Ta,

Tuch

in

the Z.

p.

212),
to

the Himyaritic
transl.

r^N,

f.

rn^X

(Rodiger's

Excursus
p.

his

of Wellsted's Travels in Arabia,
Syr.

380-1, 390); Heb. nl^N,

loX^ Sam. "^^iA.

*)

Really the records of heathen Arabs

,

pilgrimag-ing

to

Mount

Serhal

(JUwu/).

They

dale

in

all

probability

from

the

centuries

immediately before and

after the time of Chrisl.

J ;

,

As

to

the derivat.

of the

word
^^

(aJf, worship,

being a

denom.
variety

from
of

jjt,

and
it

xJI,

sMcken

with fear,

a

U:),

is

probably
with

connected,

as

Arabic
(comp.

lexicographers suggest,

s9=I.!9,

shine

Sanskrit deva-s, d-eo-g, deu-s, from the rad. div, shine,

and sura-s from sur,
from
s!^l

shine);

they

however derive

it

in

the sense of create.
pi.

NS^N
Ci< if;

f.

a ship;

N^^S".

Syr.
?)

i^X.
Another form
is

CND
^\n;

(ht.

7vhat
^\^,

if

perhaps.
'h<3=>:

]N,
^1^,

Ar.

Aeth.

Heb. Phoen. dn%

Syr.

Sam.

-^ilA,

5 A.
"i^-^,

|CN*

not in use;
Ar.
'wxit

Heb.
^<?

prop

up, suppo?i, ]CN, be faithful,

z'O^V/

of fear , secure, confide m, ^j^t
/rz^*/,

^^
/r/y

faithful;
e^o;?,

Aeth. 2i<?^i:
j»r<?/>

believe

(comp.

jCf3iLtJ

from Jc*!
w'/-^
t^od.

?^).

Hence V.
believe,

jicin

believe;

Ar.
v

^t
t|

*<7/?,

protect,

^j^*^ protect
verb
is

tl;^t

Syr. ,_^(n

believe.

This

an

4^'^/, not a Pai'el,
in

and one of
of the
i'm/^,

the very rare

examples

the

other

dialects

Heb.

form
^^"^

Hifil ; comp.
^\s\ pour
out,

in

Arab. Sili for jtri
for

eA^

^
,

O^T*

give

(imperat.

of ^\)-,
ciit,

'^)y^ and v3^
^^<?A-^

be quick ; perhaps also Ijltf
violently,

prune, and IJy^

annoij,
"i??\'',

1CX

,

impf.

"ICNV.

imper.
Syr.
jic^l

-i?:i<

,

inf.

ic>?r,
sutj,

*«y.

Heb. Phoen.
Ar.

"l^^:;

,

Sam. '^•^A,

order

yA

order.
-in>c,

I^Nvr,

N^p", %w</, speech, order;

pi.

p'^^D'c,


Nn-.
tJ God,

8


partie,
in

Also
e.

used
IT,

to

denote self,
Syr.

reference

g.

5.


|.^c,

j^^l^c^

Sam. ^^^m*il.
Ar.^jjt, ^J-5t^J-«;
k'tih)\

m

;2'/i^;-<?.^

7vhither? |N3c,
]\s*,

whence?

Heb.

|\x^,

]XD

(2

Kings V.

25,

Sam.

n:n:

(rijN)

/••

pi.

i:-3is',

i:";.

we.

Ar. 13 1,

pi.

^
Syr.

(vulg.

Uk

LLlT); Aeth. Ai: pi. J:^, 01^, Sam. A^A, ^^A, pi. ^-.

lihil
pi.

(^J);
>2:n,

^^A,
pi.

)^1^^A;
^jnikS,

Heb.

^:n

(Sam.

iTl^^A, Ht^A),
XLII.

later

forms
pi.

^JvS

(Jerem.

6,

k't'ih),

jix;

Phoen. -JN,
jl^N.

|m:x.

See Nin.
li*:,

ti'iis*,

NIS'",
\:^:n),

a man,
j^ti''^.

person,
Heb.

individual;
Syr. ilj)_

pi. pi.

jMi'JN

(constr.

'^Yj^,,

Uj|_,
the

Sam. '^•^pA; cognate forms are Ar. ^Uvj| (with
collect.

J.ljl J.Q), ,jLj[ mankind, Aeth. &5fi: (rare), The respective fem. Heb. 15'"'n; (for p*j^), Phoen. Wi^.
are: Ar.
zlSLLjI

(very rare);
or.

Aeth.
pi.

Kitv^'.
cv^i^":
;

Heb.

T]^'^

(Sam.
Chald.
pi.

^A^A
N*rs*

'^t^A),

Phoen.
Syr.

r^^',

(^pn),

Nrrx,

«nr:iX,

pi.

]^'^'y,

jzjf^

Ui; Sam.
thou:
f.

^AA, ^AAA,
m.
pi.

pi."

|]m-^^, ^^^'}'
[""riN.

PON,

rjs!,

pi.

|in:x,

i^riN.

f.

|"'rj5s;,

Ar. m.

v:lit,

v;;^it,

m.

^\
pi.
pi.

(poet.

lUil),

f.

J^f;
A5-l:

Aeth.

m. A^t-: m.

f.

Ki-t:
>rx, pn,

m. m.

Al^^:
Drx,
f.
f.

f.

Heb.

nnN,
,

f.

j^n, n:nN: Syr.

m. hS\

f.

^^r, pi m. ^h^]\
pi.

^^J)^: Sam. m. "^ AA,
f.

AA,

f.

mAA,

m.

^tAA,

jl/TlAA.


icj<, imperf. ItO^",
tie,

9

hind,

gird

on.

— —

Ar. y^\

.

Aeth.

MUZ,!

Hebr. ncN', Syr. j^?, Sam.
n":^5 ?valk,

-^^A-

go.

Heb. nnx.
Nfjl^^?
f'?'

rr^iN, ni'it?,

^^''Jyj.

road,

custom,

conduct

(comp.

"^"i"!,

JocAA*.,

8wu«); pL in'iN, t^nrr. Heb. n^t?,

Syr. Uiol,
i-^.N

Sam.

V^tA
DnN.

and

V^mArx
Ar.

Mrt'/^
/<?,

because;
nfc<"l

also

Connected, as well as

with

*<"<?.

yiN

,

Nj/^N,

f.

/^^^^

^<7rM,

the ground, a country.
Syr. \£i),
into
nj;;


'^^'f^

J,jT, Heb. Phoen.

y^ii,

Sam.

^V^A-


or
PV.

The change of
e.

^jó,

^^, y
y^ or

y,

n

is

very frequent:

g.

O^

:

^':;,
jt^if,

J<iV happen,
n^.y,
->cj?;

.

j;>;;
pi:i;

^Ló,
,jlo

]^v.',

^<^C'

J*-*^'
HiJ"]
,

change money,
*JLo
,

J^jl;
y*:^.
,

^^J,
^<j;^y,

Ny"};

yr2'^

hoi ashes, ]V\vo^;
or
Nn;j;niN;
|l?9ol.

1.:^; HV"!^,

Nn^ynj; yilDii,

xAIj, ny^r, nhv^^' 1^-^;

6^^^'

|lJ""^iy,

Some words have passed through
y,

another

stage,

and converted

n

into

p,

3

:

e.

g.

pn^.
''y"iK,

Ifj^,

.^.
NP", the lower part, the bottom.

n'JJ",

nx.

See

niist.

«rN,

imperf.
<^n>?^

'pi,

inf.

^n""?:,

r<)w^.
nt<n^l<.
;

V. ^n^N ^n>?^, ^n>?^

o;?,

/(?

/?fl'^^;

inf.

Ar.
:

^f, Heb.

nriN,

Syr. |z

I

,

Sam.

AAA

Aeth.

AO)

return home, enter.
;
pi.

inN,

^"'nN, place, dwellingplace , counti^y
"Ijl,

N^^rt?.

Ar.

Aelh.

^C"

footstep,

trace;

Syr.

]%/),

Sam.

1*


^'^AA
(viilg,
suff.

10


^AS, ^'t^
Syr.
it

Hence ^r52, nns, ^Ls,
after;
in

or ^'L?

wjLj hatha?'),

takes the pron.
or plur.;
""rTiin^,

in

the sing., in Ciiald.

either in

the sing,

at

least

we

find

nn2,

"^TC^, as well as

nn2,

3

in,

at or near, hy, with, on account of, etc. Ar. u>,

Aeth.

n: Heh. Phoen.
•ii'{<2,

2, Syr.
^rt'</,

^,

Sam. 3.
^nibj?
ii*y3.

impf.
n'p,

K'ND";,
?«J<75

^«^

unpleasant, wicked;

K'NS or

/^e

displeased.
;

Another form
<^<^

is


;

Heb.
diffi-

irN? smell badly
^w/^; Ar.
g^jjo

Aeth. •flTil

had, wicked,
t?old,

^^ w?' etched,

^j>,yj

he

da?'iny

Syr.

w^lil,
^12,

wiiil,
f.

do mischief
^<i:'"'2;,

ill-use',
/y^rt',

Sam. -^ A3,

-^V^.

N2">2,
in

^^^*''2,
pi.

Jincked : as a subst.

usually
fnise?'y,

the fern.

iNT'^">2,

Nri^^S, ^w7, wickedness,
j"^

a

calamity.
f.

— —

Syr.

>^

^

f.

|L*-kS

;

Sam.

^^m^,
"^ns.

^A^ma
Ar.

See

^i.

V^3, imperf. y'^?^^ swalloiv.

IaS Heb.

yt)?,

Syr. "Ols,

Sam.

VZ^y
"1^2";,

Aeth.
sivell,

flAD:

^^//.

N^2, imperf.

hod or huhhle
swell

:

ask,
;

eidreat, delustful,

mand.

Ar.

^j

and

fester

he proud,
r.>;2

insolent,

unjust ;

ask , demand;

Heb.

7)iake

bod;

ask,

demand;

Syr. jls desire, ivish,

ask ; Sam.
^*'y.2^
<?/
/-^^

and

W^.

fHVS
point

Chap.

I.

4.
in

Nl^nN^
vulof.

of heing wrecked. Comp.

Arab.

^il V'^'


^Ij,
the

11


to

wall

is

going

fall;

and

even

in

the die
d.

classical
(v>lj
t

dialect

c^^
VI,
p.

^\

o\>.\,

he was going
omit

to

/m^). where
vol.

later writers

^\

(see the Z.

D. M. G.

210);

so

in

Pers.

and modern
in

Greek
our

the Fiit. with

Iff»t^^xo
ivill.

and d-eXw, I wish, and

own

lang.

with

v)Z, n^jJS, ^r\~ , petition,

entreaty ; Syr. Uoi^. Hence
Syr.

"iyi:2

pray

(qiiaeso, obsecro);

oLLs, Sam. '^V^^, gen.
III.

tV5and<TtV3
Heb.
"i^

(Gesenius, Carmina Samarit.
is

22.

1),

for

"ijjs

(this derivat.

confirmed both by the usage

of the other dialects,
Arab., since in the

and by the analogy of the vulg.
the

mouth of
d.

Badawfn

yu3
p.

tahghi

has become tahl, Z.
"1^J?3,

D. M. G. vol. VI.
collect,

210).
pi.

NT, a

beast of burden, and
-iij;^,

cattle;

jiTjJa,

j<n". Heb.

Syr.

\r^:i^\

Ar. 1<ulj a camel;
pi.

Aeth.

no^'E: 'no^x:
"IZ;,

and -nó^: an ox,

aqoC"
the
Sinaitic

N~!2, a son.
inscript.
~!2,

Syr.
in

|^, Sam.

'^'^S,

in

and

the Ekhkilf or vulg. dial, of South
is
;i:i:,

Arabia ber.
gloss.
in

The
Syr.

pi.

n^;3,

from

js

(see Arab.

^1);
Sinaitic

^jld

,

Sam. ^Ol^S, also )(Tl^^;
inscript.
'':2.

the

and

Himyaritic

In

like

manner Mn~2. a daughter,
^cs;

constr.

nn:;;

l^r^, consfr.

"^A^S,

constr.

A'^S; have

in the pi. |J3,

Nn3i;
N"l2,

though
N"12,

^^3 also occurs. Ij^, A^3, create;

Derived

from

\^,

not from

-n2 ^^

simple, pure,

innocent; comp. jLl;, i^, and Sanskrit aw^^^- a, son, from
the rad. su,

beget, bring forth.


C12
truly, indeed; hut,

12


>e^i^
.

yet,

7ievertkeless ; Syr.
II.

Sam.
it

^'^S
from views

and
tlie

y^%

Hilzig on Daniel,

28,
but; or

derives

Sanskrit

param,

fartlier,

after,

Gesenius
twist,

it

as

an asseverative
Dietrich,
in

from

*o

-.ol

make firm;
Gramm.
p.

his

Abhandlungen zur Hebr.

226, as a contraction from nc 12, „ausser
betrifft)."

was

(das Folgende

^n^. See inN.

122,

«12J, Nl?-;, Nl^i:, a
12;,
the
Syr. Ih=»^,

man;

pi.

Nnp:.
Ar.

,-2-1.


^"^

Heb.

Sam.

^^'^\
<^4*^'^

y^,

according to
>5^

Kamus,
(so

04*7^';
that
it

<W
is

»iJl-Q'^

^"^

a slave

one of the words which have two

opposite meanings), or servant.

and a man" ; Aeth. I-OC- a slave

in,

cut,

ordain, decree.

Heb. lU, Syr. sy^^ Sam. ^"^i;;
With.

Ar.

rC. prune,
it:,

slaughter.

Ncls

ITi,

HI.

5,

and NC^p
>

conclude

a treaty, comp.

n^12

ni2,
etc.

.

n .rJ? ..acis^

2vC^3* V^C,

{^TT:, ill", NH"}", a decree.

and j^^,
Syr.

^i, ^o^

ll^v^and ]i^,

Sam. "Si^^X.
hi

a heap;

pi.

yhi, waves.

Heb.

'?J, pi.

D^^;; Syr. ^.\S'^,

Sam. -^mZZIf.
N*?:,

impf.

n"?:"",

uncover, unveil, reveal.


;
j'^:
>'^i.

Ar.

'%^,

impf.

J^
pi.

,

uncover, reveal, polish, brighten

Heb. n^: , Syr.
for
)fyL^,

U^, Sam.

AZX

*—

Chap.

III.

10.

nom.

m. of the pass, particip. vhl or


p3 not used in
I.,

13


Heb.
p_.

cover; Ar.
Syr.

J^,
iUs-,

V.
all

|-IN

cover,

shade,
the

inf.

N:i5<!;

^f.

Hence

in

the dialects
r\ll\

word

for

a garden,

li^:

|:

and

\X,

T
1.
N-q.

See

"»"i.

See p.
iniperf.

n?!,

n3"l>,

slaughter,

sacrifice.
inf.

III.

nST,

sac?'ifice

often

or in

great quantity,

{<n3'T,.

Ar.

^j,
^^T.

Aeth.

H-AA:

Heb. Plioen. n?T, Syr.
2^/6*^^^,

^?,
^^3T.

Sam.
Ar.

n2~, f^rrn, «

sacrifice;

pi.

pTO".

— —
^oj-.;

^3,
^t3,
j]T,

Heb. Phoen. nzi, Syr. i^?^ Sam.

]n or

p,

perf.

]-,

imperf.

ji"!^,

i^^-y ,

judge.
impf.

Ar.

imperf.
impf.

^jojó; Heb.
;

p;

Syr.
'•

^?^

Sam.

^fHT^n

Aeth.

^Zi

judgment.
city;
pi.

^y>''\i2,

i<n:~, a province,

t<ri^"-

Heb.

HJ^^D

a province,

Ar.

Lojuó «

city ;

Syr.

Iia.*.^^

Sam.

hrn

,

'?>n"n ,

impf.

br\'\

,

be afraid, fear, dread.

Heb.

'^H;

creep (a serpent), approach with a stealthy,

timid pace,

fear ; Ar.

J^ssT^i

enter into a hidingplace (JlL5), retire

from fear,

Jls&.3
is

hide one's self; Syr.
n^~.

Vl? ^ Sam. i^T.

Another form
T

:

'

^'^l> ^^'rO"> A''*,

reverence; hence, that

which

is


feared,

14

a

god;

pi.

rn^n*.


in

Syr.

iLlxi*?,

Sam.

n,

~,

7vho, ?vhicJf, that;

conj.

that,

order that, because;
i;^'n).

Aeth.

H:

Syr. >.
it

Sam.
to

T

(comp. Heb.
cu'cumscrilje
f^zt^^

Like H."
,

?

and ^,
N2':'D""'"l

is

used

the

getiitive

as

t;-

ND"'-':^',

T*-

5<yiN"!

T;--

T:-

fthe
•-

same
^^LbJLw
/

construction

precisely

is

found

in

Pers.,

for in

^J^^>
orig.
is

^^^^

Sultan s fermdn, the connective vowel
pron. (Sanskrit yd),

was

a relat
actually
die

and

in

the older Parsi

so used;
praise of

comp.,

for

example,

ptaishn
i

i

yazdan,
y'eh'an,

God, with u in da?ya?viha

pa

and

these seas which (are) in the world.

Spiegel, Granim. d.
^"i-

Parsi-sprache
"11",
it

,

p.

52.].

"With

";

or - annexed,
to

or

is

used with pronom.
1/"'"

suff.

express the posthine,
rn''"i

sessive adj., as

or n''" mine,

"':"i~

his;

Syr.

'Vfc?

,

Sam. 2«fnT (Heb.

— particularly

in the so-called

Song of Solomon and the postbiblic writings— and Phoen. Sv^,
for t'-iii'N,

Cant.

I.

6,

II.

7, n^v '^m; T\•^^^^^,,

hz'^Ts

bw Tr.D,

2ni
silli,

b\i^
i^:r'

D12,
j<c«

Plaut.
in,

Poenul.

V.

3,
silli,

22.
'^'iw

Ifau
""J^

amma
jiin);

hauon

bene

with 2 prefixed, ':)n2, ZI71T3. on account
b'p'2).
'

6>/

(^ "iirN^,

Besides
the

H!

?

and ^, other cognate forms
s ~ ^
tribe

are
"1-1

.j
in

in
tlie

dialect

of the Arab
(Z.
d.

Tayy (j=|^);
G.
vol.
III.

Sinaitic

inscript.

D.

M.

p.

192);

i
p.

in

the

Himyaritic

(Rodiger's
e.

transl.

of

Wellsted,

383,
9-?
^'^

393,
^^^^

400),

g,

pini

rin^2

=
tiie

^3M>3^j
of
the

^5

month of Khar i k
as

(or the period
in

monsoon);

V,

mark of

the genit.,

.


monument
of

15


and
other

Carpentras

Shemitic

remains
p.

brought from Egypt (Gesenius, Monum. Phoen.

228,
(inscr.

242;
Massil.

and
1.

T

as
10).

mark of

the

genif.

in

Phoen.

6,

I

may add

that

the Phoen. in-

scriptions furnish

us also with the intermediate step be.It'

tween

-it^'N

and

in the

form

ii/i<,

e.g. Massil.
^h

1.

20.
(the

riNtt'D nj^^. K'N

jrib^D, Athen. IV. h^;r\\
Yittenhel

f<:p^ trx

monument)
1.

whicA

erected for
the formula

me,
"Tij

Sidon.
:rx,

4.

r\yz K'N

which vowed
HD"!, impf.
"^Sl.S

cpc2,

and

in

remember.

II.

"iD^N
'I3'5,

he remembered; call
Aeth. H^^^.'Heb. irT
jl?
,

to mind,

remember.

Ar.

(Phoen.

in

reme)nbrance), Syr.

Sam. ^"iiT.

Q", NC",
*4>,

blood.

Other forms are CD^^? and q~n*.
to

Ar.

Aeth y.<^\ Heb. c~, Phoen. (according
edom,
impf.
particip.
f.,

Augus-

tine)

Syr. jc?,
"i?2"i^
,

lie?,

"b"

("?]c~),

*/«?^/?.


pi.

Sam. -^T and -^ilTA.
Syr.
6.

•^llDl

adj.
this,

sleeping,

I.

jl,

|n
f.,

m., N'T
pi.

that;

]iKx.

— —

^t

,

Sam. :ii^T.
^

Syr. .^?

Jjlic».

Sam.
f.,

^^

m.,

'^T

^mZA;
and

Aeth. HT-t:: m. H-t:
in

pi.

m. TiA'^-t:
(Rodiger's

f.

JiA?'!'.'

the Himyaritic
p.

inscript.

p

transl.

of Wellsted,

398, 403).

TO", impf. nj-% rise (the sun).
Heb.
nni,
Syr.
>_.i?^

Ar.

^y^,

Aeth.

UJ^^:
in

Sam.

V)]T: cognate forms

Syr. are
'"1^"'?'

^i^ and .^if.
f

^~y

the place 7vhere the sun rises, the east.

Ar.

J-^,

Heb. n-jjc, Syr. jlj^^,

Sam. '^V^T'iJ

16

(

I

n

interrog. particle;

Ar.

I,

Sam. ^,

Tlie

fuller

form

is

hn,

Ar.
]-in,

Ji.
m., «-in
]d)
f.,

|nn
(Syr.
pi.

this,

thai;
]l.

pi.

p'^NH, yhy\\ comp.

of ,vn
f.,

^/^/>,

and


pi.

Ar.

\d^
f.,

m.,

»j^,

^j^

eSiy; Heb. nin m., nXTH
f.,

pi-

nJ^NH; Syr.

Ijd m.,

)ói
j<in

pi.

.

t^Noi.

m.,

N*"?!

f.,

he, she, it;
liJr,.

m.

]13N*,

f.

\i;^,
f.,

and
pi.

in

bibl.

Chald.

|1i!?n,


f.,

Ar.

"^

m.,
f.,

^
pi.

m.

"^

(poet, lie),

f.

^ic: Heb. Nin
,^01

m., N^n
,

m. en,
f.

f.

|n, H-'n;
,

Syr. o^
>A\r\,

m.,

pi.

m. ^aJq
inf.

^qj|,

^Jq

r^l-

n^^n,

impf.

Nini or

••n;',

""ViD,

^^, happen.
Jes.

— Heb.
Phoen.
Syr.

n^^n

and nin (Gen.
(inscr.

XXVn.
3.
Niri'':

29,

XVI. 4),

Nin
]o(ji,

ErsT.

1.

comp. Eccl. XI. 3),
fall,

Sam. ^'t^; Ar.
,

^y

happen.

bzTi,

i^~
pi.

any

lai^ge

huilding , a palace, temple,

church;
tall,

tr'^Z'Tl.


little

Ar. jJCl^ be tall

and

stout,

jXl*

stout, also
"^DTi,

a palace or temple;
)L-.^oi.

Aeth.

U^TlA*. Heb.

Syr.

-^n

^<?, ?^v7/A%

used

in

I.,

gen.
Syr.

in

III.

-'"n;

Ar. dUGe, ^JLL»,

die;

Heb. Pboen.
is

Tj'-n,

^^oi^
"^n,

Sam.

^i^. Anoto

ther Chald.. form

^in,

perf.

an exact parallel
/

our walk , except that
T]^nc a walk, journey.

we

retain

the

in

writing.

Heb.

""pT^tl.
II.

"Cm

tu7m, return;
tui'ned,

change ; overturn, destroy.
,

TjDnnx he
is

changed

destroyed.

A

cognate

form

T]&x


tu7-n, flee.

17


,

Ar.

viJlit

move, I'emove
a
lie

but

most

freq.

used
IJifi'^a

in

tlie

sense of
in

tell

(comp. Prov. XVII. 20.

^jC'rij),

VIII.

2JLiijJ

he overtuinied,

whence

in

the Kiu'-an,

^\X^^\
called

(sell.

^^J^t), Sodom and Go-

??io?Tha

,

also

by

the

Arabs

'kllX^S

Jó)!^f

(from

vjJi

turn)',

Heb.

•qcn, Syr. .^oi^

Sam.

^3^.

1

1,1, and,

but.

— Common
it.

to

all

the Shemitic dialects

under

the form wa, w',

i<2],

OT,

impf.

"•^P,

be pure
Ar.
S';

in
,

a moral sense, chaste, in-

nocent, just.

Heb.

npj

,

Syr.

]^y

^

Sam.

'^^'^.

In

Aramaic physical purity
^:iiT.
f.

is

expressed by the

cognate ^21, ^-i^

OT 0^1,
Just.
]CT

\S3l_),

nN3T,

Hi^^l,

«n^2i, pure,

innocent,

Syr.
I.

J^y.

not used in
invite.

III.

]_T jfrepare,

make ready,

appoint,

Syr.

^].
yLo,
lils,

-lyi

be
(in

small

Ar.

Heb. -ij?,
-^^^

Syr.

i^i

and

the sense of be despised)
.

Sam. '^V^,
little,

I^J^!

^*T.

f-

^yV], ^^nn-,
"V^s,

.cw^?//,

young.

Ar.

ioLo, Heb.

Syr. lioi]^

Sam.

'^^tV^.

n
hyr\

not
':)2n

used

in

I.,

be

corrupted or

vitiated,
/><?

rotten.

III.

corrupt, destroy.

Ai".

JiaL

sprained,

out of

2

;


23^.

18


he mad,
II.

joint or otherwise maimed,

J4i> put out

of joint, maim, disorder; Heb. ^2n, Syr. ^^iil^
See Gesenius' Thesaui'us, rad. ^2n.

Sam.

hzr\, b2n, $</", coj-ruption, injury , destruction.
">2n

Syr.lirL^.

not used in

I.,

})e

united;

III.

"^^n

?//^/^^,

combine.

Heb. -i2n, Aeth.
"12 n,
pi.

-J-flZ.:

Syr.

^\

12n, ^<"i2n,

^/^

associate, conqmnion, colleague;

pi,
with

Nn-.
12-!,

Heb.

I2n, Syr.

Preceded by
D"]i<

M^
Ar.

<);^^

^^

Sam.

^^5^.
r"'5<

the other (comp.

or

HN!,
«/^<^.

"in,

f.

5<Tn,

n>

n^^Jj)-

Je.1,
f.

f.

^J^j.;
Phoen.

Aeth.

AAS.:

f.

AA-t: Heb. inx,

nnJs*,
f.

"inj^;

Syr

Sam.T^AandT^, ^T^,
The
rad.
is

^^^, AA^,

AA^A
solitaj-y

Jes-j, nn^, ^^ single,
(^^

at one with, united;
-

Aeth.

'l'(D'/hS:
unite.
ir;'_y,

united;

Syr. -^

/^/^?,

^11
N"jn^

excessively.
impf.

Nin, nn, nn_,
n-n,
Syr.

nn;., ""-n^

he glad, rejoice.

Heb.

.'^^

Sam. -^'t^, HIT^.

Nlin, ^7)^'^, joy, gladness.

Syr.

]o^^ l^c^^, Scm.

^AtT^.
f<"in

not used

in

I.;

III.

tin,

t^n,

announce,

tell.


Ar.

^5
2in,
perf.

7r^^rt'/;

Heb. n^n, Syr.

^a:,Sam.

mt^
deht.

((713^,

2n,
Syr.

cojnmit a fault,

sin,

he

in

Ar.

CX^,
2"in,

N2~, a fault, sin, deht;

pi. y2^T\.

Ar.

oL&.,

v>^

a crime, Heb. 2in, Syr.

jliol.


N2"!n,

19


ib^, eb^,
Syr.

Nn^-, id.;

pi.

Nn2-. Ar.

iLoL^

Sam.
Din,
perf.

^3t^.
DP,
imperf.
CID^.

(Din;»),
,

^^z^^?

compassion

upon,

pity, spare.


;

Heb. ci n
,

Syr.

aal ^

Sam ^^.
Heb. nin, Syr. 1^^

NTH,

impf.

iTn;>,

^jri"'

^t:'^,

observe.

Sam.

'^^^

Ar.

lC~k

divine, prognosticate ,
^^<'"^).

from

watching the

flight

of birds (comp. nih,

F]^n snatch, carry off, plunder.

Ar. ulkis., Heb.

P]pri,

p]nn,

Syr.
pjlJon,

^^M.^ Sam.
NC~, rapine,
ipi^
,

3^V.
violence.

Syr.

)_Isa^uik.

N*^n, imperf.

in;",

//?^.

Ar. ^«A^,

^^;

Aeth.

A^®:

Heb.
Syr.

">n,

PiTi,

Phoen. avo, hau, hauon (Plant. Poeniil.);

]1m.^

\''T\^\. life.

Sam. ^(^H,
Heb.
tZi"'''",

Phoen. DTI, Syr. ^---^

Sam.

pn,

perf.

|n,

feel compassion,

j>ity

,

be propitious

to.

Ar.
]3n,
fii"..

J^,

Heb. ]n, Syr.

^.

NJ", coinpassionate , merciful.
Heb. p^n, Phoen. Hanno,

Ar.

^Ll&., Syr.
^';/-

Jvviov (comp.

CD
21L0

be good.

The various

parts

of this verb are
2N**ip,

furnished

by

tliree

cognate radicals,
imperf. -yoi,
III.

2^0,

and

it^_.

I.

perf.

2NP,

l'^>\,
l'>^y^

be well, happy, joyful,
benefit,

often used impers.

improve,

jn^epare,
3'iDin,

make

ready. IV. d^^SN. V. ^"'DK, S^SJN, also

D""!?^;],

,

,


with
the

20
as
,


III.

same
9.

signif.

\1.

Z'CTii
,

impers.,

chap. n.


Ar.

GLb
Heb.

imperf.

J^l

be
Sjt.

good,

pleasant,
2t2,

cheerful;
f.

2b,

imperf. 'yc'^W

^\.
]^,

nd::,

N2:, ^<^T^' good, pleasant; followed by
At.

^(f'/^.?;-

<f/^^/^.

^Jj^,

Heb.

21::,

Syr.

^ra4,

Sam.
')D^,

3^.
ni*, Nni", goodness,
I^icll,

bounty ;

pi.

]]2;9^(]p^).

s/r.
lltO,

l^ak4, Sam.
pi.

^NX'^^
Heb.
liii,

X"?",

'

mountain;

Nn".

Syr.

}ic4

'?'?3

not used
Aeth.

in

I.;

III.

''iip_

shade,
Hip^,

cover. Syr.


Ar.

Ar.

jjj,

AAA:

Heb.

^'Ti

and

v:^.

^VJ, N^^ID
'p^

(for

N^p),

*/^<7?«?,

shadow.

j^fc,

Heb.

and h^, Sam. 2,^.
n>'pp,
NH^tCC,
^/

N^:2D,
built)

^•/^o'r/^

or covering,

a

(lightly

hut;

pi.

^^^:c.

Ar.

luiix,

Aeth.

cPAA^:

Syr.

|kx^
'jj/lCi,

and

uk^,
Ar.

Sam.

1^^,
cognate form
^'^

^?J;;0,

impf.
f<pr.

ivander ,
rij;n;

go astray, err;
,^iJ5,
)i>4 ^

Heb.

(5*^?

disobedient,

rebellious, impious,

Syr.

Sam..

^V^.
(^CJ^.^j

1J?L),

nr, Nni-

^r/-^?;-,

an idol;
sing.

pi. NHij;.;:

which

some derive from a
]zq14,
Sarii.

Nlj?p).

Syr.

wAa^
idol,

and
Aeth.

^AtVf
the
^^5/^,

;

Ar.

^^
Ar.

an

^i^*: whence
DV.L?,

denom. A^[J(D: worship
eat.

idols.

imperf
Heb.

Dj;JO^,

Ixb, Aeth. "^t)<P\

Dj;jo,

Syr. >c^.


ncp
strike, clap the
signif.

21


orig.

hands; denom. from nSO, which

the open

palm of

the

hand

(Syr.

w^ spread out,
breadth).
j*a*«,

Ar.

X^,

Aeth.

^<ii\" ^4tfh:
Ar.

fi4tfh:


Ai^o,

Aeth.

XIl4^/ii:

^|~o,

^^i-l,

^J-a^,

Aeth.

A^O:

Heb. pSD.

B'D;',

tS'^I!^,

impf.

tJ'Di^,

^<?

<//'^,
tS'D^,

r/?y

?//,

wither.

Ar,

JyoS, Aeth. P-nii: Heb.
5<r*^31 M(?
It'i3^

Syr.

^J^, Sam.
fern,

-^^ITI.

«?ir^

ground, land ; properly the
Syr. j.^.n'!).

of the adj.
n^'3!,

=

ti'Z^

(Ar. (j^Laj,

Heb. HK^'S^

Syr.
n^,

lL.^1^ Sam. ^A^SlTl.
f.

NT, NTN,

^/^<?

/?r///^/;

pi.

|n.% N^l^^.


n"JJ<

Ar. jLj

(viilg.

3Ó, JoD' Aeth.

?iJC-:

Heb.

t,

Syr.

^^ f^j^ Sam.
confess, give

Tm

and"

TA.
in
I.;
III.

«n^ not used

ni

confess.
,

V.

thanks, praise ; Heb. nnin

Syr. ^'jol

^

Sam.

ATt! A.
;

n^niN, NTNHIN', ^^nn>^ confession, thanksgiving, praise
also
is

written ri<"nn.
(also

The corresponding word
in

in

Heb.

rriin

used

Chald.),

and

in

Syr. lL*?o2.
y-nn,
particip.

j?"l^,

imperf.
-^yi

yii

(yi^O' VT?.j
^;?^/y.

imper. yi,

inf.

and j?n,S
\

Heb.

yT,

Syr.

^^;

Aeth.

/i^.C'D

make knomn, announce.
particip.

2ri% imper.

zn,

2n^ and DCi^,

^/«^^.

The

impf.

]n^

and

inf.

|nc are from |nj, not used

in

the perf.,

imper.,

and
Aeth.

particip.

Ar.

CfS^^,

impf.

v-^-S'
subj.

imper.

v^;
imper.

(DUn:

impf.

indie.

flMi:

PU-fi:


IJ-fl!

T2


used
except
in

Heb.

2m^,
Syr.

scarcely

the

imper.
in
all

:n
its

or n^n;
parts

wssil; Sam. ^'^fH,

conii)lete

(imper.

sometimes \i^ and
Judaea.

3A).

nin^ collect,
\N"in^
C'i^
J<D-,

^/le

Je)vs,

O^T)j
«
</r/y;

Tii^n-,
pi.

«

z^?;?).

jic'!'',

s<^^D-.

Ai\

*'^,

Aeth. F<?^:

(today, norv), Heb.

D1^ Syr.
with
"iriN,

ileal ^

Sam.

%*^^.
in

Hence,
NTi^li t:t

in

comb,

T^d tomorrow,

Chald.

and

nn?2V as well as inc, Syr. i:'^ lT:r
of
similar

Iv'. '7
are

Sam.
j<n*^'ri

^^^.

Examples
«<>;^^,

mutilations
).lai;

(xny;^' t<r)

Syr. w*.d

and

vulg. Ar. LlJ to
^<^•k^')

this hour,

yd
kll

(for

x1L!JU);
({<"n
?>«

npnii^'N (Nri^??1p.

last

year,

and
for

N';";^''^

NF'ii')

M/^

y<^^/;-;

\ailg.

Arab.

klwJ
i<n''

J,

the niidst; etc.
hasten^

not used except in V. TjlN*, Tl?*,

make

haste.


of

Ar.

^'^
zi:.

and V. ^-s^P* hasten.

r3\ See
^1

for

nirp.

Whatever

be

the

correct

pronunciation
is

the

word

mM\

Jehovah

(or rather

lehovah)
to

certainly

incorrect.

The vowelpoints belong
or C^rirx;

a K'rt jferpefind,

tuum
and

•':i<
n^in^l,

and hence .we and nippi
n"iri">
(i.

not

TiypS
^:nj<i);

but

n'in''^

e.

iJiN^ and
(i.

not niPP.

'•JIN,

but always
the

"iJlN

e.

C^n't^N "iJIN).

To

pronounce

name Jehovih would
The

be quite
evidence

as of

correct

and reasonable as Jehovah.
the later
classical

some of
of
the

authors

and of the Fathers

Church

(who write IAD.,
to

lAOY,
niPP for

IEYS2,
rTiPO

Jaoh, JahoJ leads

the pi-onunciation

or

:


nin^ (comp. 2b]
for

23


Wip),

23p:;

up] for

n"ip^),

accor-

ding

to

the form 2pV,l, Dl^H^;

but as Theodoretus and

Epiphanias give

IABE,

the

former
it

adding

that

such

was
that
n^^n

the pron. of the Samaritans, the
^<?.

is

extremely probable

correct

form

is

71)7^1

la/weh,

from

7l\T^

=

hy,

h^'D^

impf.

'pid;',

inf.

b^D, be able.


s

Heb.

^i:>

(impf.

^DV), Sam.

i^m;
pi.

Aeth.

^UA::

n^

NX5^

the

sea;

pai_,

^\l^\.

— —

Ar.

(vj,

Heb.

Phoen.

d:, Syr. ilal, Sam.
]"'D"'.

^^m.
Ar. (j-v^J? Aeth. P<5^1

(r^!),

N^",

f.

the right hand.

Heb. pc;, Syr.
P]D>

ji^,
in

Sam.
F)Dli<,

^m^m.
^''DlN,
^/^</,

not

used except

V.

increase,

do

again.


"ipt^,

Heb.

?]D2,

^^clH, Syr.

wsaol

,

Sam.

3^^A,

3^tA.
F]p\

See
impf.

Fipj.

"ip^,

he heavy,
Ar.
"IS'^,

hui'densome ,
li'j,
,

valuable.

III.

"ip]

honour.
"Jal

^^

heavy, grave,
^

sedate,

be deaf; Heb.
$<"!",

ip^^

Syr.

^

Sam.

'^CiTl.
»Li'«

Ip"*,

worth, honour, pomp.
,

Ar.

dignity

of

77ianner

gravity,

Heb,

"ip^,

Syr.

lijl*!,

Sam.

n^ a

word pref
the
§.

to

def.

nouns

in

the accus.,

identical

with
ed.,

Heb.
lot.

nix,
1.

~nx,
1,
1.

nx
and
4.
e.
i

(Gesenius'
§.

Gram.
with

16th
the

rem.

115.

2

note),
':'3l),

Phoen. n\x (Sidon.
Syr.

22:^'D n^^^

nns^ ^N D1«
(nn^s)

^;

Sam. AiTl,

g.

"^V^A.

^A/TIS-


^^tlTi'
Sprache
other
d.

24


(see
(ielger's

{"12) ^^((U^
Misclinah
,

Lehrbiich
cited

ziir

p.

36,

where are
nniiS);

among
Ar.

examples
(like

Dl^n
Aeth.

inlN,

nits' H

perliaps
sufF.

Gj, used
sLI
,

^p:)

only with pron.

0Gl,

etc.
Dn^;*,

zn%

2\"l\ impf.
^^y,

2n^, imper. 2n (d^h),

inf.

zr.ic,

znp,
in

d?ve//.

Ar.

Co.,

impf.

<._^, imper. vl^j,
^/

the

Himyaritic dialect *// (generally kapj, v^ Lj .

sea/,

,^Z

stand immoveahle ; Heb.
imper.

Z'l^^;,

Syr. ^^h.^

,

Sam. ^AHl,

^A.

3 as,

like,

accoi'ding to;
Ar.
Lj".

Ar.

J,

Phoen. r,
Heb.

Sam.
Syr.

•^.


^

ND3

?</.;

Aeth.

^^:

IDZ,

)^\
to

Sam. ^'il^.
t>2

("^2),
transl.

n';!:,

N^r,

//^^

totality,
all.

the

whole,
8
>

often

be

as an adj. whole,


Syr.

Ar. J5,

Aeth.

TP-ibl

Heb. Phoen. ^s, Syr.
jZ
A-^,

v^

.

Sam.

Z^

and

2^^.
prob.

M//*; Heb.
for

]2,

Sam. ^^;

^

then:

conAeth.

tracted

j-i3

M-^

^'^/^

(Ar.

ijj^ and

^dS",

^^*H:
i<U2 gen.

M?Ay).
in

|3-'?j;

the?-e/bre,

used

111.

icz,

cover , conceal , clothe

or

^/;-^.c^.

IV. 'DZHN* he

covered ,

concealed, pat on clothes.
riDZ,

Ar.

Liy

clothe,

Heb. n?r gen.

Syr. jjaa gen. ^„jaL^

Sam. ";^^.
]5;2
;?<?;«^',

a word of doubtful

origin.

It

lias

been

thought

by some a secondary formation

from

p
16).

(comp. |2~1};
whilst

Nehem.

II.

16 with ]3;2""V Ezra V.

others


have
derived
it

25
the
it


Arab.
rad.

from
Possibly

j^

come
with

into
|"nj;

view, happen.

may

be connected

time (comp. njJr).

n2

only
Syr.

in

V. ilDN cnj aloud, proclaim, pi^each,
^'^:!ii.

declare;

1^1, Sam.

Prob. from the Gr. ii7]cvoo(o.
pi.

NOnr, ^D13, icni^,
{<D3,

N^D",

a throne;

]lDir, - ni2.

Heb.

which

is

the orig. form;

Syr. ^.jejas,

Sam. fH^'^ii,

Ar.

b
b to, for,
acciis.

according to,

etc.

Sign of the
suff.

dat.

and of

the

Ar.

J and

with pron.

J, Aeth.

A

.'

Heb.

Phoen. h, Syr. '\, Sam. 2.

vb no, not; Ar.
It

SI,

Heb.

^,

Syr.

}]

and

alil^

Sam.

AZ.
^n,

supplies the place
latter

of the

Heb. Phoen.
in
bibl.

'ifh

and

which
is

does not occur except

Chald.,
In

and

likewise

unknown
lind 2,A,
not,
12^,

to

the Arab,
in
\

and

Syr.
!

Sam.
is ?wt,

however we
AA-flP
zh,
N'2^,
:

and

Aeth.
etc.

AAP

there

/

have
suff.
suff.

h^-iXHl
the

with

heart,
pi.

pi.

j^sS;

also

constr.

zib^

with

^-22^,

^\2'y:.


Ar.

vlJ,
1.

Aeth.
5,
6),

A-n:
Syr.
wd"?,

Heb.

Phoen.

zh and 22^

(inscr.

Eryc.

vkl, Sam.
impf.

^X

and

53Zclothes.

^"»2^,

^'2h\,
]V2h,

put on

Ar.

yl^J, Aeth.

A-nn: Heb.
t'12/,
NIS'",
i^'-iD^,

K'D^ Svr. ^ii^:^, Sam.
robe;
pi.
]"'t5'".

^^X
Ar.

« garmeid,
Syr.

\^yj->

Heb.

vlor^, Sam. ^-^tSZ2*

;,


>nS
impf.

26


'^rhl' id.;

^^'p^

lahour,

he trcaricd , fatiyued, disheartened,
Ishtaf'al

y.^rh^tire, weary. Sliafel
be
Ai-.

^rtrZ'^
ij;^;

ivearied,

faint.
slofv

Cognate forms are iN^ and
lazy ,
.

^"S be

or

^'

misfortune,

difficulty

Heb. r\^ and nn^; Svr. ^q

Sliafel

^r:C^

\

Sam. '^VZ,

whence

t^Vi,
siifT.

XNX X^X
ini"),

ffitiyue.

vn'^rik^f^,

ni~, weariness, faintness,

despondency.
to

ni^,

ni^,

with
^Li!»,

jinni^, «^,

near,

or towards;

Syr.

Sam.

A^^Z.

Properly
il^

a

noun

denoting
be united,

adhesion, connexion, from N1/ or

adhere,

Heb.
rad.
s^nn'^.
'^;''^»
^""l?'

ni'^,

Syr. ^aV.

.

Ar.

^:

^<?'

w^^/r.

With the same

are connected

~^N, ^, and Ar.

JU
used as
Ar. Jill,

See in.
^'b'^h

(from ^ie form
niyht), niyht ;
^^.^,

^'rib,
pi.

Sam. fnZ^TlZ,
jl^t^?,

an adv.

t)y

jl^^b.

Xjll', Aetli.

AA,^: Heb.

rbh_, Syr. |IliJ^andi£X,

Sam.

n""^.

See

n\N'.

D
wXC,

nc

(TiC,

n??),

what?

7ihat,

fvhatsoever ;

as
nz2,

an

adv.

?^%.''

ho?v!

Sam. ^*ii.
yA'C
(|C),

— — CNC.
Ar.

Ar. Co, Aeth.

^'. Heb.

Syr. )ie^

See cn.

W~,

rt'/^y

ai'ticle

of furniture, pot ov
pi.

vessel,

instru-

ment of any kind, dress;
Sam.
CjJlc a

]"'JNC,

N^J".

Syr. |j}io

^)A^,

^^Uc.
to
tlie

word

of obscure origin, corresp.
often

Heb. nOiX)?,
give
addit.

somcthiny ,

conjoined

witii

nJ

to

,

__ 27
force to the iiegat,
Fiii-st


single


p.

not a

thing

\

Syr. >c^^.

(Chald.

Gram.
Hebr.
Vji)

97
p.

note)

and

Dietrich

(Ab-

handlungen

ziu'

Gr,

225)

derive

D!;~D from 3;nc,

y~D

=

ny.l

(rad.

and

n^S,

comparing

and

view
This

>cfi^^

di;d (d'P),
certainly

'•1"'^,

as a farther contraction.
tlian

derivat,

seems more probable

that

proposed

by Bernstein,

^?

^
than

pars partis,
to

aliqua

pars, particularly as nciNp seems rather

be derived
is

from D1NC, CIC, a flaw,
less,

defect (lience wliat

wo?'th-

insignificant,

tri/ling)

from

mCI

T\0-

See

Dietrich,

Abliandl. p.
impf.

233.
(hid;'.),
inf.
rit2r2

nio,

perf.

n'C,

niD^

(riDC), die.


nc

Ar.

iIjUc,

Aeth.
1.

^:

Heb. n?p, impf.

r\yo\\

Phoen.

dead
impf.

(Massil.

17); Syr.

^^;
^Ca,

Sam.

AA^ and A/Tl^,
<P^: Heb.
1.

At^m.
NH",
niD,
death.

niD,

Ar.

Aeth.

niD,

constr.

Phoen.

nD

(inscr.

Eryc.

7),

Syr. ]laL

Sam.
N'np,

-^At^.
^"IC\,

impf.

strike, bite or
I^Vfi
*-

6-//;/^

(an insect),


^^^

Heb.

NHC, rn^, Syr. TT TT
or
N^'iTD,

, '

Sam.

^^*^
<7l

(also written with "^

V

for

H, and with
to,

X

or

for

^).

imi)f.

^:c% come

reach, happen.
find]

Ar.

go;
j4^,

Aeth.

<PKK\ come,

Heb.

n'^c

/?//f/;

Syr.

Sam.
]"C,
kS^D,

^^^, mf^.
constr.
"'C,

water.
id

Ai*.

eLo,
1.

pi.

8L>uo;

Aeth.
^-i:^,

^^.'
U:i,

Heb.

cc,
used
Syr.

Phoen.

(Eryc.

6);

Syr.

Sam.
hhr:^

^m^.
except
in
III.

not
^'pc,

^^n,

^yy^rt'X-.

I\'.

'^'['.CPN*.

Heb.

v:^\

Sam.

Xl^,


riliip,

!28


rule,
reign.

impf.
iJULo

"I'pc'',

counsel,
Aeth.

advise;

Ar.

possess,

(PAHW

Heb.

7]^,

Syr.

^^v^

Sam. ^i«i.
•qSp,

N3/C, a hing\
"Ti^JD,

pi.

|^r^^,

vS*;^3".

Ai\ ^kix,

Heb.

Phoen.
tD'PD,

Syr. )Ii^^'^

Sam.

^^Z^.
sovereignty,

ni",

^<^1",

pi.

ntiD",
.

royal digniD7n

nify.

Syr.

Uckli^

Ar.

kl>SXa,

Heb.

=

Ar. uCJUjo, Heb. H^'^Tpa, Phoen. nz'rcc (inscr. Sidon.).
]?:.

See ]NC.
i^/J<?.'^
;«^'^6»,

|D

whosoever.

Ar.

^,
adj.

Sjt.

^^

Sam. ^•^;

Heb. t.
]p from,
of,

out

of,

etc.

;

after

an

than. Orig. the con,

struct state of a rad.

noun

|d

a part or portion

from a

po ^=

HJD.

Ar. ^j^. Heb. Phoen. |c, S\t.
::

^^
the

Sam.

^^;

Aeth. 'K<^\ and ?i<pi
in

N3^c the belly:
intestines,
pi.

hardly used except
the belly.

the pi.

p>;D,
ó';?

J^^JiC,

Ar.

Ijw and
pi.

^kx

intestine,
D^j/'c;

&Li^f;

Aeth.

Ac^^Ol^:

Ac^óT^:

Heb.

Syr.

^i:^; jj^^ Sam. ^JTIV^.

N2: not used except

in

IV.

"'ZjPN*

prophesy.


or

Ar.

CIS,

Aeth. -tiflP: Heb. N3J and N2Jnn, Syr. ..^j.\\ denom.

from

g^,
,

'^', injB:

j<^2^,

MN12:

n^z:,

i-LaJ

AHl^^
mNIS;,

^/

prophet.

DHN",

prophecy,

a prophecy.

Ar.

sllS,

Sam. ^At3|].


13:?

29


"ii:,

draw, flow\ Syr. ^4^ be extended, long\ Heb.
Iji
flow.
(Ar.
in

Plioen.
out,
t<i2:

(inscr.
III.

Eryc.

1.

6),

be spread out,
cliap.
II.

poured

134 bolt or bar,

7,

denom. from

ijyjssó) a bolt or bar. Several edd. however have

this

passage
11 -13%

mjJ
<//'<^;^',

or

niJJ

(ni^j),

from
impf.

ij:,

impf.

IIP or

/<^<2r^;

Syr.

^

^^
113,

Sam.

Ii:, impf.
r^j,

11%

^>^;^^.

Ar.

r'j^,

Heb.

Phoen.

Syr.

Sam. ^t).

11J,

Nil J, a vow\

pi.

pli:.

Ar.

^jj, Heb. 11J,

Syr. )i^3^

Sam. -^^T^.
\

in;, Nin:, N~^n;, a river
rad.

pi.

innj and ]nn;.
Ar.
j..gj

From

the

^_^

flo7v,

Heb. iHi.

or wg.j, Heb. IHi,

Syr. ]iau,

Sam. '^'^^j].
^<?

m^,

perf.

HJ, impf. niJ^

^?//^^,

tranquil,

cease or desist.


|i:,

Heb. nj,

Syr.
pi.

u^, Sam. ^^.

i<r,

a fish\

pm

s

>

Ar.

jjy,

Syr.

)jaj^

Sam

m^t^,
blli'ra,
It

constr.

Am)t^.
p^-,
waves,
billows.

n'^",

a

sto7'm\ pi.
to

Syr.

jJal^.

seems

be connected with the rad.
nin;),

h'Z'Vi.

nn:, impf.
Heb.

nin;",

imper.
^

nin,

inf.

nn?:D,

descend.


from

nm,

Syr.

hL^

Sam.
niJ,

A^)],
like

AV^.

A
Hl^t',

secon-

dary

formation

from

nni^",

^£03,

impf.

'?i:£%

imper. ^ito,

///?

?<^,

carry,

set

out on a

journey.

Heb.

^tD3,

Syr.

V^j

be heavy, Sam.

X^^
Sam.

set out on a journey.

2Dj

,

D"'DJ

,

impf.

2D^

,

imper.

2D, take.

Syr. ^^iki

,


pDJ.

30


Cliald.

See phc.
inipf.

hOj,

hB], h'iB], ^V3:^

ill

bibl.

h],

fall

Heb.

'rcj;

Syr.

V°j

^

impf.

Vk5;
piD,

Sam. ^3^1.

pDj,

iini)f.

pV3^,,

p©";,

iniper.

go

or

come

out.


;

Ar.
Syr.

(^^aji

come out of a

hole, sett )vell (merchandise)

-all, Sam.
t:*?],

C3^.
the soul or spirit, tife\
t^'c;, pi.

Ntfr;,

f.

the breath ,

\^^\-


e.

Ar. yliS, Aeth. i^fl.' Heb.

Syr.
to

^aj

,

Sam.
self,
etc.

'^'^"^J.
g.

Used

in

all

the

dialects

express
>cq-lo,

•'i&'sj

/;^y^^^
Syr.
.

like

cir;,

ci:,

^!^,

p]p:

not used

=

^^li

^^?

joined,

adhere,
^//^/y^,

follow

;

=
a

Heb.

F]p3

.v^/vXr.

V. form

P]"»pN
is

y^//^

round,
to

surround.
rad.
jfiJ

This

often

wrongly

referred

r]p\

^/^'<",

not used in Ai-amaic except

iu

the imperf.
jnirp,

jn"",,

|nj'.,

Syr.

^L3, Sam. ^AfH; and

inf.

Sam.

^A^.

|nc,

Syr.

^z^^

Heb. Phoen. ]n:.

N2D, ^jp, impf.

"i^p"'
,

gron\ increase,

he great or numerous.
^.iy///.

V.

iJiDN

augment, multiply,
Syr.

magnify or

Heb.

n3^,

N^^ti',

w.^,

Sam. Alf^, miT^.

Cognate

form yjD.
N'^ilD,

UD,
]N-.

f.

nvV^D,

?;^^/r//,

numerous, great:

\)\.

m.

I^N"*:?,

f.

Heb.
f]D,

N^Jii',

Syr.
=^10^

^Z^, Sam.
(^v^*^/,

fnit^.
perish.

?])D,

perf.

imj)f.

r^-^/Ay,

Heb.

p]D,

Syr.

^,

Sam.

3^.


P)1D, i<^',

31


.

end.

Syr.

^^r
to

lioa^

Sam. 3"^^:

Ar.

olI«,
fiitiirity,

a

particle pref.

the iniperf.

when

it

denotes

usually abbrev. JL.

p)1D

reeds,

searveed.
tlie

Occurs only

in

the phrase

f]iD"1

\^y^

from
"inp

Heb. f]iD~Cl.

go round, surroiauL
Syr.

Heb. inc,

Sam.

^^^:

in

we

find

the deriv.

\s^^

a

stroilint/

mendicant,

beggar.
"linp prop,

a noun

signif.

circuit ,

circumference (Sam.

^^^,
ahout,

'^AiE^),

but used as an adv. a?'ound,
^\T\\:;.

round-

and commonly repeated h ^inp

Sam.

^^t^,

'^^A^,

^^Ai^,

and

with

sufT.

A^^^,
underhz^r,

AA^^^.
hzp
C^^ii')

look upon,

t)ehold,

contemplate, consider,
in

stand:

hardly used except

IV.

^2npN.


(for

Heb.

Syr. Vi^isJ.

Sam..i^A^A.
pp^.

p^p,

p'l^D,

impf.

(for

p^_p'_),

imper.
III.

-c^Z:

p'^p),

inf.

pDD

(for

p/Pc), ^^ up, ascend.
IV.
p'^rp^*offer.

p^p

w/yX:*?

ascend,

raise,

remove.

V. ppN
Syr.
in

(for
"V^'^
,

p^px)

make

ascend, bri?ig forth,


not

Sam. YX"^.
for

A

rad.

pDj

does not exist
15)
is

Aramaic,

C^^

in

Sam.

(Gen.

XIX.

for

C^^

(as
§.

3^
26.

for
1.

^^^,
annot.),
the

C3,

tZZ>,

Uhlemann's

Institutiones,
is e.

but for C2^^;
in

and

^a

the usual
g.
in

form of
Creed,

i^erf.

modern
,_-aic«ji|

Syriac,
jjj'

the

^lia^v^
to

si^xajs

/

believe (that)

he ascended
article

heaven (^v-^^
in the Z.
f.

for

cj.:^,.

^v^ )- See an
d.

by Rop.

diger

d.

Kunde

Morgenlandes,

vol.

II.

91.


':5kSCD

32


the left

(^cc)

and

bnr2t',

def.

uh',

hand.

Ar.

JLU,

Heb. h^rit\ Syr.

U^^

Sam.

'^ZA^^.
denotes

iTu-^is?

Sam. '^'^rn3^.

The word

prop,

a

large decked vessel, from j5D cover.
]CD,

«r,

<5r

W/(??r;

pi.

t{jj-,

Syr.

Jj^.
pi.

pC? ^yJ^ ^7^^)->
pir,

coarse cloth, sackcloth:
IU4»:
the

ppD.


From

Heb.
the

Aeth.

Syr.

)^^ Sam. -^C^.
into

Shemitic lang.

word has passed
saccus
.

the Lat.
the

and

Greek,

aorxxoc,

and thence

into

modern

European languages.

W

(ji;)»

^\~->

cc'llect.

sheep or goats.


(the

Ar.

^Ló

,

Heb.

]X:i,

Syr. ji^j Sam.

"^^lAV;
to

in

Arab, however

^Ló,
goats
is

Individ.

^L2,
yuc,

is

limited

sheep
whilst

word

for
nti;')

being

indiv.

y^Lo),

sLi (Heb.

an

indiv. of cither sort,

the corresponding collect, being III.
w'A-<^.

I2y, impf.

"izyi,

"2^1,

^/^.


=

Syr.

^Li.^
deity,

Sam.
in

^SV;
Syr.

Heb. nzj/ labour,
sense Ar,
I^iil
"12"*^,
^/

se?'ve,

worship a
Heb.

wliich last

ju^,
.y/n'zr

but

Ju^

Phoen. iDj;,

or servant.
^^<?^/,
fict.

^<"?"J

/^'^^>^',

Sam,

^^^V.

N'^iDV,

NH")',

woi'k, business, trade or occupation.

Syr.
2~i.y,

ylr-^, Sam. ^ATlTlSV.
~12J7.1.,

impf.

12X^^

Z?'?*-^

^^y

^>r

^>'^'^''-

Ar. "Ss., Heb.

ng;, Syr.

H^,

Sam. -^^V.


Ij?
QOi\]. fvhile,

36


as far as,
till,

nntil ; ^re^. dftrin/^, until,

to.

Heb.

"ij;,

Syr. ^^^

Sam.

^V.

Properly a

iKJiin

deno-

ting in'ogi'cssion, from

the verb
t^J?,

N"iy,

impf.
befall,

"i-j;i,

pass,
j^,

with

i)ass

ove?'

,

come upon,

with

pass mvay, recede, V.

"'"ijN

make

pass,
|^.

remove, cast

off.
pi.

Ar.

Ijlc, Aeth.

US©:
N?:i.

Syr.

Dl J?, Np"j;,
nlt'"}1^

«

/<9/;

I'^-j;.

Hence

pD"ij;

^= b^on

cast
pj;,

lots.

pij;

,

perf.

^^ nai^roiv

,

in

distress or anguish.
.-ai;


r\\

Ar.

^•Ui>,

impf.

;3jyaj;

Syr.

AetJi.

A^(D*:

and

A/?0*l
pij;n,
(scil.

contract,

compress,

distress;

Heb. piyn and
impers.
"1^*;

Sam.
rtJ'^j)

CjTlVA.


/(^yy.c

Gen.

used
i t'

npj;

=

nuJ^
^<^

oJL^

=

comp.

Syr.

oCil

^i^.
i^p-JJ'

ai^ ij)vc
^*CPH'

shocked or disgusted.

^\Ci->

(f^^^^'^^^'

anguish.


bij?,

Heb. Dp:;, Syr.

\i^^ Sam.
bhv,
perf.

^CV.
impf.
^'ij?"',

^y,

^lj?',

imper.

H',

inf-

^VJP.y

go

in, enter.

Ar.

Ji

insert,

Heb. bSiy

(Job XVI. 15),

Syr.
^j;

V^, Sam. ZV.
in

above, upon, on, over ;
Ar.
'p^:?2

addition to\
Syr. "^jI,

against,

etc.

j^,
(Ar.

Heb. Phoen. ^y,

Sam. 2<V. Hence
off,

Ji

^,

Sam. 2V.

^^)

from.
hence as
often

bj;,

Sj;.,

prop, a siibst.

denoting the upper part,
followed by |c

an adv. above,
comp. with
^,

over,

(b t'J?c);

h^h upwards,

above (Syr.

v£^^
'p^y^Q

Sam.
/>w//
or

ZVZ;
/z^<?y^

Aeth.

AOA:

=

Jsi);

and

|^,

(Syr. VL:;^.

^^

Sam.

iVi^;

Ar. Ji^

J^

3

,

;


(Jlr

34


(y"l^<
i/te

^jje),

opposed

(o

vi?^,
^j;

ground) from

helom.

Both

h^_

and

are from the rad.
in

^^
D^j;

or

^'py

not used in

Aramaic

L, be high, exalted,

go

up, ascend.
(n^J/),

Ar. ^kx., Heb, n^y.

NC^y
,

(^'C'^Ji).

(my long

indef.
pi.

pe?iod of

lime,

eteniity

the

universe or ?vorld;

V'oh))

(p^^y).

Q - ^

Ar.

jLx

the universe,
o'^^y,

created being s ;
^

Aeth. ^\<^'.

Heb. Phoen.

Syr. )v^"vv

Sam.

cy ^wM, along
Ar.
tlie

ivith.

^^^V7
>aL

Heb. a

D>;,

Syr.

Sam.

-^V
from

*x)

or

«x».

Prop,

noun
Ar.

denoting union,
Ii.

rad.

D;oy collect,

unite,

include the ?vhole,
r/o//^/
;^.r//t^r

e.

g.

sL+^yJI

ioL.s^Ul
(

c^MX
lij

^/^^

covered
supplies

the
all

whole sky,
the baths.
cy,
N*sy,
pi.

cyCcC^

i

Q?

M<:'

Hence also

a people or nation, people, a multitude or crowd;

Vcny,
^/^tf

N^^cpy.

Ar.

li and
Heb.

1^

<?

multitude,

Jwli

common people ;

Phoen. cy, Syr. ii(^

Sam.
^cj?

^^V.

labour.

Ar.

Jl^, Heb.

^cj;,

Syr.
,

vL:u.
pc);.

pcy not used, be deep.
pcly, pDiy, Npciy,


rt-

Ar.

(jii

Heb.

</^/?//^,

r%^^..

Ar.

Jj^l, Heb.

jj;.

pcy, Syr. Uiaal. Sam. '^C-^VSee jnj;.
f.,

npy^

N-ioy m.,.
-liry,

/^v/.

Ar.

^,
-loy

L^i:
(inscr.

Aeth.

OIUZ,*:
1.

Heb.
DTii'y

nnit'y^;

Phoen.
1.

Sidon.
fjjai:
-^-^jy^

1),

(inscr.

Massil.

3);

Syr.

-^^
m.,

Sam.
f.,

^t^V,
twelve.

'^'^^V.
See inri.

-Hence

icy

nn

,smn

,


'pj?,

35


"
.

^"^"5

f^^^

^'^'^f

(^^so

the stem) of a tree, base, origin,

sou?'ce ;

pi.

pjpj?,

«n
Ar.

Syr.

Yr^L;

Ar.

^ll.

p-iy,

impf.

p'-nvx,

p1"!VS

Syr.

w='^,

Sam.

C^V;

Ar.

^yi

set out, depart.

D
n^D, impf. M^C'', labour,
se?'ve,

worships

deity (comp. ~2V).

Heb.
.

n^rc,
,

Ar.

XT,

cleave,

plough,

cultivate;

Syr.

..S%

Sam.

^X^,
work, servitude,
f.

(H^ID, N'^rr,

fcorship.

Syr. jilii^s,

Sam.
\dlB,
p"lG),

^^VZ3
:^P%

impf. impf.

£2'!':'?^,

2w;//y,

Mr^/(?j

up.

Syr.

v^wl^Is.

pI'lC'J,

cleave, separate,

pull off: rescue,

save,

redeem.

Ar.

^"S

separate,

Heb. p~iD,

Syr.

-x^^

Sam. Y^:^,
IP")
11;,

Nji^", liberation,
^/<:v?/'

preservation,

redemption.
victory ;


in

Ar.

ijli'jj

and convincing proof,

Aeth.

4^Z,$1: deliverance; Syr. ilr^i^. Sam. ^^C'^^.

CJHD,

t^QJl",

pi.

X"!?",

a word, message, decree, and
matter
tlie

a

wider sense affair,
It

(comp.

11!");
in

Syr.

).ifi-^^.

is

borrowed
or

from
jiUj,

Persian,

which

lang.

iUL, *Ul>,
"^
(rarely
/?<7/^/,

means

«w^^.c^/^<?,

(whence IC^aL
insep. prep.
pi'ati,

a message -bearer, a pi'ophet) , comp. of the

oG

,

b

,

and

^ jo
to,

,

from the Sanskrit
/?fl'^/

Zand

old
I

Pers. pati.

Pars!

and

yWrt'^,

Gr.
the

nQOTi^

nor

=

tiqoq)

towards, against,

and

'


Sanskrit rad.
or

36


Pers.
the

yam, go (comp.

l\S

step

,

pace).

The same word presents

itself in

Armenian patgam
of
Pers.
origin

padkam

,

message.
this prep,

Other

words

comp. with

are: :2nc,

yWT\

(jllS'lB),

^3nc,

U\i,

perf.

c^,
Di',

impf.

cia%

fast.

Ar.

IL,

Aeth. i^^.'

Heb.
El-i,

Svr.

ic",.

NC-, a

fast.

Ai-.

^^,

Aeth.

^<^\ Heb.

Dls:,

Syr. li^c^.

N^

^^/?</,

stoop;

i<j")lN

N^!i incline the ear,
III.

listen,
>=:?h,

attend to

(Syr. ^j,j

y^, Aeth. AA(D: ?i*Hi:).
Aeth.

^S^.pray;

Ar.
"i^,

J^,
ni",

XAP

:

Syr.

NHl", praye?\

^^^
Ar.

Sam. mZ-m.
'iyL^t,

s^Lo,

Aetii.

AA-^:
1D1J,
vS'"l?y,

Syr.

jz^^, Sam.

tZ-iTl.

the dawn, ?)wrniny.
'^^Z'

Syr. \'t^\,

Sam. "^^^^ni(Heb.
"iDtt',

Connected with
Syr. i^^-.
(.x"^D")
j-iA*

be beautiful, pleasing
Illw dawn),

Sam. ^Z)"*^; Ar.
1°^°"*-^

whence

vX"iSlB:r

and

M^

moiniing.
/?<^^.rt^

only used in IV.

~"]ir!iX /^^^"^

6/^

i^^

in jvant

of,

he poor.

Syr.

>^^^]:.

Ar.

Jw?

be poor

and mise7]"]ii

rable; comp. ZSa^l have need of
necessities.
•^niJ ?/^^,

Hence

wants,

usefulness, advantage or profit.
i<^,
^/^<"y
^'"<^'

T^'y^ jins n"»^
all.

=

^3^

inv'^^

good

for nothing at

;

37

h2p^

he opposite, come or
it

go towards,
in

meet, in wliich
III-

sigiiif.

does
visitor,

not occur

Cliald,

Hence
to

bzip

receive

a

accept a present,
Jui"

listen

a request or prayer.
II.


of

Ar.
III.

I.

and V.

Jjiij receive or accept,

jli'

X/.y^,

Joli'

he opposite, compare, IV. Ju.if advance
J-jUiS'
^6'

towards, undertake, VI.

opposite one another
JJlxit

two

or

more
/^^

individuals,

VIII.

hegin,

X.

Juls^-wt

^^
Heb.

w^<'/';

Aeth.

^flA:
iiphraid

meet,
<^<?

receive,

accept
Syr.
(prop,

\

'psp

receive,
witli

accept, ^"'2pn
^

opposite

'^.lus

w^6?/,

V:!

or or

complain

of

advance
as
of,

towards
in

in

a hostile

threatening
'i^Sp^,

manner),
complain
accept.

also

Chald.

^Dp

,

impf.

^iSp"*,

cry out for help:

Sam.

2,3?

receive,

Dip not used

in

I.,

(^(^^

//<»

front or hefore, precede.

See the

Syr. gloss.

Dip,
prep.,

prop, a
in

noun
of,

signif.

the front,

but

used as
l,
'p,

a
it

presence

hefore',

preceded by ~,

takes simple sh'va instead of -^ , as Dipl, D"^P1,
Syr. >cH=,
also Ni£p
N*C",

D'Jp'?.
-^ilC

Sam. -^TC.
/?>•*/,

Contracted cp,
heginning).

Sam.

(so

^A^A'^il?

Dllp,

//^(?

^"rt'i'/,

M^

east wind.
is

Sam. -^^T?.

Heb.
that

Dnp.

The east

called

Dip, DHp, as being
is

quarter towards whicli the face of the observer
in

turned, or supposed to be turned,
position.

describing relative

Hence

the

west

is

"iiriN

(Ar.

.^o

the wesl


mnd, from lii
f/ie

38


the fiorth h^i2\2;

the back),
^/^^'

(Ar.

3l^
]'c;

north,

tlU^
^/^^

Icff,

[lUJ! %/vV/;, the

^(?^/M

(Ar.

Aa4j
in

^v^/^/,

^j^^ Yaman
//^^

or South Arabia).

So

Sanskrit piirva,

east,

avara, M<? /^r^/, dak-

shina, the south, the
li'-p

Dekkan.
holy.
III.

not used in

T.,

he clean or pure,

^"^Ji
^^i'-

hold

sacred,
Aeth.
irilp,

consecrate.

Heb.

Ji*!!^,

t^~.p>

u^i^J''

4»S:
U'l'ip,

Syr. s-».;i,
N^'"lip,

Sam. -^^C.
sanctity,

holifiess,

anything

holy
Ar.

or consecrated; ~;^'"p"! N>t^lI
y!,4X9, Heb.
I^'ip,

^%

^^^^ temple.
,

Syr.

w*.o^. ll?a^ m/?,
,

Saai. -^^^TC.

dp,

perf.

cp,

impf.

cipi,

.c^rtrM

Ar. "^Li,

Aeth.

*<p: Heb. cp,

Syr. >al

Sam.

-^ilC

(^V?).
living,

"p,
Ar.

t<C", standing,

fiinn,

lasting;

being.

^Ói, \C^,
r/^/^<^.c.

Syr. ivIL=%

Sam. -^(TIVC.
Ar.
*xi',

D^cp, N^tpp
]1''p''p

Syr. lio^ui,

|.Ui'

dust.

M^
name

casto?'-oil

shrub,

ricinus
is

communis

(Ar.
tlie

p^y^l'
EgA'pt.
autiiors

Pers. IajsvJ)! Joo).

The word

derived from

of the plant, written

by Greek and Latin
p">p

YWAi, cici

and

in the

Talmud

(the proper Gr.

name

is

xQOTwv)
render
it,

.

The

old translators

and commentators usually
,

though erroneously, by xoXozvr&rj
^^j.fh>,
this

i<^i<f^'.
denoting

^r^^
the

ilji,

c^5J,

nj^b"!,

all

words
course
in

gourd; and
amidst

blunder
of

has

of

found a
received

place,

thousands

others,

the

English Version.
hbp, perf.

^p

,

be

light,

swift ; small, nwthless. V.

^pN make


light,

39


despise.

lighten ; hold light,

Ar. Jo* be

few

or small, Aeth.

*AA:

Heb. ^p, Syr.

vl, Sam.
n;^";

2<C.

np,

J<^";p,

N-np, xnip; and
f.

N^p,
pi.

^ly^-C),

and (nnp)

Nnnp.,

a town, citg ;
in

Pinp,

]^nip,
iJli'
,

and |nip.
pi.

Ar. ijp,

the dial,

of

Yaman
e.

^^;

Heb.

nnp,

n";;p;

Phoen.
,

n~ip,

g.

in

(he

name

of the deity

Melr/M^d-oc

mp^'C

or

ip^D

(for

n^p l^c) Carthada,
ni^nn
pi.
,

Carthago, KaQp]chjv
coins

= Ntanokiq,
|^. U^ jj

mp
jlvaj;

on the

of Palermo;

Syr.
pi.

Sam.
constr.

^ITI^C,

^A^C,
impf.
Z'^pi,
<^/v>/^

^Am^C,
nea?-,
o/fe?'

and

^m^t?,

2"lp,

2np,
V.

be

approach.

III.

2"ip

and
Ar.
Syr.

znpiS!,

/?<"/?7%

a

saciifice.

6^- and

C,Ii-,

II.

j!,
Sam.

Aeth.

*Cn:

IV.

A*Z.a:

^;^,
2np,

III.

w^h;
/?<"^/-'%

5^C.

J<2",

related.


Ar.

>--aj>j',

Syr.

wri*^,

Sam. S/Tl'^C; Heb. Dlip.
'\^'y\^

an

offe)'ing , saci-ifice.

Ar.

^Lws,

'

Aeth. "I^^Cl^

Heb. ]2np, Syr.

^'i^. Sam. ^^'^C.

221 not used
Syr.
2"?,

in

I.

be large, great, immerous.

Heb. 22"),

^'^.
J<2';i:
f.

^<2"],

Nn3"l, Z^/'^^, great, fiumeroiis ; as a
in

subst.

/^^

headman

any department,
etc.

prefect

or

magistrate, general, teacher,
or
<>;^7/^;-,

Ar. Cjt possessor
f.

<^J|

/^o^/;

Heb.

2"i,

Phoen. 21,

n2i:

.


Syr.
|Jii
.

40


(Jther

Sam.

^S*^.
pi";,

forms
as

used
adj.

as
or

siibst.

are

]3"^,

^i,

"IS^.

and

an

subst.

j2"l2i

not

used

in

the

sing.

=
a

zy,
'i,

pi.
^

i^*?",
5

^>^<"

^o'^

nobles or chief

men of

the state

(Ar.

kJ.jJt

^j!^)'

^^^^

cornerstones of the
12"1,

state).


:

Syr. ,_-j^?cV.

«12":,

f.

^^/^

thousand,

myriad;

pi.

JIS";.


a

Ar. lb!,
sing-.

also

'i^\

and
n2Z"i

so*

Aeth.
"*2":
:

/.flTl^:
Syr.

(from

Z,D!)

Heb.

and

irii.

Sam.

N2-;,

""Z-;,

iiijjif.

''I"1;,

increase, he augmented,

grom

up.

III.

iz~i

wn'/Cr gi'on\

rear, educate.

Ar. G^,

Heb.

HD"',

Syr.
i;?";i<

Ui

.

.^h

.

Sam. ^S'^.

f"

N'3/2"}N

m.. /^^w.

Ar.

^J, ^JJ;2"^*

Aeth. ACn^J^-t:
Sidon.):

Heb.

j;5*^i<,

n<?";iN*,

Phoen.

(inscr.

Syr.
pjJa-^t?

^h\, y^sw
/^/•/'y;

Sam.

V3^A. ^V3^A.
Aeth.

PI.

Ar.

^;i}T,

AC-H^: Heb.

C^^^'ZIN,

Syr.

^^n,
T3"l
,

Sam.

-^mv^^A.

^^ agitated, anginj.

Heb. ^"^

,

Syr. -^s
/;<^^//

^

Sam.

^'Y^

'•

Ar. Jo... tremble, C.:^3 and yjsvjtj

(thunder),

ij^,

of thimder or

tlie

cry of the camel.
^i^l"^?
.

in and nn,

]3T*,

agitation,

commotion, anger.


ni"),

Heb. n^, Syr. ]>^c»

Sam. ^-^l'^; Ar.

^^^y

or

y=>..

anger, punishment, a c?'ime.
m.
..
f.

Nni":,

hrea/h

.

ihc sniil or ^dvW.^

sjiirit

:

the 7vind.

Ar.

breath,
Ó).

^.

lleb.

Plioen.

nil

(inscr.

Eryc.

I.

Syr. \LzS

Sam. ^^'^.

See the Syr. gloss.

;, ,


en,
perf.

41


uplifted,

D"),

impf.

ciy,

he high,
lift

proufl,
;

rise.

V.
"1"^

ci-!_i<

make
raise
ic?ol

high, exalt,

vp, raise

'?"'L:ri,

a storm.
(from

nn

c^'^N

=
?//?,

Heb. CT,

Sam.

-"il^,
5/^<?o/

Syr.

>a-k?l

and

a rad.

>c^, Ar. I»:

smell).

cni, CnT,
have

/^?'<:'.

II.

cnnnx

he loved.

lit.

cni

love fervently,
imi)ers.

pity

or
is

compassion

vpon, IV.
I.

cnnPN*
9.

compassion
or

shown,

chap.

6

,

III.

Ar.

1L»

^J

^<^'

soft or gentle,

1£^^

hrood over ,

cherish,

I^r

/<>i'^,

/>%,

l&r

/^rt'zv^

niercy or compassion npon

Heb. cn-i, Syr. >cii,
]crn,
t^^C",

Sam.

•^^^,

-^V^

compassionate,
art.

merciftd.

Ar.

^jl»~v»

gen. with the

v»~-^J|,

the

Compassionate ,

God;

Sam. "ym."^.
prn,
pTl'^,
aside.
^<^

distant,

retire,

depart. V.

pn^N remove,

lay


,

Aeth.
M<?

CSi*: Heb. pun,
pi. pi.

Syr. wn^Ii.

irn

,

Nli''n

head;
'ti'i<-i,

pLJ'n.


^f,

Ar.

,j«L,

Aeth.

C?i:
and

Heb.

c^^'NT,

Syr. |l.i,

Sam. ^iTl'^

-^^A.
//^;w^',
rrt'.y/.

Ncn, impf. tc'i,
jL?^

Ar.

Heb. nc"],
proi).

Syr.

Sam. '^^'^;
spear.

Aeth. Z;<J^P: mound,

with an

arrow or
Nyn,
impf.
crt'7'^

ij;"]"!,

tend or

/r<^r/

a flock,
intrans.

match over or
graze.

/(Tz/rtf

of,

rule,

govei'n;


,

Ar.

^.
in,

Aeth.
n*j;t,

cop: Heb. nyn,
ij;"^,"),

Syr. \Lh

Sam. -^V^.
delight

impf.

^^ pleased with, jjropitious to,

love, desire.

Ar. ,1^^, Heb.

n^,

Syr. \Lh

Sam. ^l^'^.

3*


NI VI (Might,

42


desire,

phasurc, yoodmll,
jia"),

msh.

Ar,

^^

or

l^S'y^y Heb.

Sam.

X^%

^
^N*i£^,
'pNli',

impf,

^N'K''',

n'^X",

demand, en&cat.
Heb.

Ar.

JLl,
Sam.

Ae(h.

AA:

and

ivhK\

W,

Syr '^Vl^

nzi^"

not used in

I.

III.

nz2^

praise.
^

Ar.

X^,

Aeth.

-flA." Heb.
i<n2'^"in,

nsLt'',

Syr.

^J^

Sam.

^S^.

NPfG", ])?mse, glory,
constr.

a hymn.

Syr.

liLo^z.

i^l^Li^^

Sam.

^A^S"^^A
i:i,

an J

^^A-^A
N-^"
//^^
^//l?.

(Exod.

XV.

11).

Cognate form N-y, Heb.
,>»^

whence
?>«

"iij"?

or

l^ii"!

towards, ay a ins t ; Syr,
in,
to.
;-<?;«',

or

?]?

the

pos-

session of, at or
JIt^'

in

Chald. swim, in Heb.
Dlt'',

denom. from
Syr.
|.^al

:o;i^

^//?

ofl-r

(twin form to

Ch.

n::")^',

,

Ar.

J^jll,

a

staff, rod, ?vhip),
pi.

whence

in

Chald.

toy^ a rower,
D^Dli',

|"i:;'1^'.

impf. 21212^^
3Dtt^,

lie

down.


.

Aeth.
,

fi^n:

Heb.

Plioen.

Syr. ^aL».
inf.

.

mipf _=^Lj
nrti'D, />^^;

Sam. 3^-^.
gen.

DD:^ impf mD'^),

used

in

nr^n, impf
gen.
>ri^;t'.

n2t?'':,

nSK'n:

V. royj^,

Syr. wJl».|,

Sam. ^C-^,

^C^A.or VC"^A.
impf.
c'?li'i,
^<?
<^////>'<?,

See. in^.
C'l^li',

'p.^',

safe or

;'^'//,

complete
or finish.

or finished.

III.

dW

w^Ay

entire,

complete


fulfil

43


Heb. zb;^ or zh^^ Syr.
>aixi^.

a vow.

Ar.

iJLl,

Sam. 'ilZ^.
Cli'

and more usually So G ^
|V-wJ,

nilt'",

^'Ct',

a name,
<?^.'

pi.

jncii'.

Ar.
Syr.

rarely
i^l..^

^, ^\

S

J

Aeth.

Heb.

ci^'';

>^,

pi.

^oii:^, ^ki^; Sam. •^^,

pi.

^^«i«*.

Derived from ^j^l mark, jl*^ a mark,
K''l?li'
//^<?

.?%,

the heavens,

heaven.

Ar.

?.U1^,

Aeth.
[Plaut.

^.E:
Poeiiul.

Heb.

ccti', Phoen.
67.

samem (-en, -m)

V.

2,

Gune

hel halsainem (en),

'pz

»J'ii<3

CCti' ^y2; halsamen, according* to Augustine

=

domi-

nus

coeli

;

Bseloafirjv

=

nveiog ovQavov, ^afxij^Qovfioq
W^tl^i/

=
p.

6 vipoveaviog,

iDn

(Movers, Phoen. Texte,

I.

56), and Ziocpaorifiiv
in
tlie

=

oveavov xaTonrai,

^siii

D'>12^*,

fragments of Philo Byblius];

Syr. iiio^,

Sam. ^/Tl^t-^.
from on).
'<i}'CiVJ,

From L^L he high (comp.

/\CP<?^:

kSti'Cti',

m.
L,

f.

flic

sun.

So-Ar.
(j«-»-c,
f.,

Heb. Phoen.

Wpi; m.

Syr. \jLu^
loosen,

gen. m., Sam. --^"-^-*^^
set free, pai^don; from the

{<nf, impf.
signif.
^//r^//,

i^t^"".,

untie;

of untying and unpacking arises that of encamp,

remain (comp.

comp. ^nn).

J^^.).

III.

''IK'

^<?^//«,

co7nmence

Syr. 1^^^

HI.

w^\

Sam.

A^^,
"•nit'V^

III.

^^Ax*.. Aeth.
vsn*^',
'•ntJ',

Z,P:
impf

pardon.
imper.
intfi'"

"•nii'K,

in:i'>,

and
,

f//7>;A-.


pnii',

Aeth.

^P:

Heb.
he

nriJ'',

Syr.

^L^l

Sam.

^A^.

p^HK impf
Sam. CA"^.
Heb.
trpti',

p"!r<i^\

silent.

Heb. pnti% Syr. ^oL*,,

— Cognate

forms are:

IpV

,

Sam. ^T*^,

n^3pn, Ar. clJl^.


p\nii',

44


"^'''^'^^^

ap^-,
,

f.

t^i^TiiS

^^R''

'^^"^^
lu

'^

'P

^^"^

(chap. IV. 8)
perceptible,

an eastwind so gentle as
Syr.

be scarcely

.^^^^ Sam. CA*^-

n
-12P,
inipf.

~l2n^.,

^/rn'A'.

11.

I2nis*

l^e

broken.

Cliap.

1.

4

(wliere

some edd. have IV.
"S^i

"^snkS).

Ar. C3" break,
nzii'.,

"y^ perish,
Syr,
i-cz,
^//6'

desiroij, perisli;

Aeth. fli,: Heb.

Sam.

^3 A.
Syr. i^c'dZ^

Cinn,

N?:",

^'*^^//;

Sam. '^^'^^A.

Not

an Ai-am. word, but merely borrowed from the Heb.
2\-|,

perf.

:n,

im})f.

2liT,

return,
turn

repent.

V.

z^^N

wr/A-^

7'eturn,

briny

forth,

away, answer.
,

Arab,

v^li* return,


ox,

repent; Heb. l"^
collect,

Syr. u=^,

Sam.
Ar.

^AGo."

"I'^n

,

t<"^^in,

^//^

cattle;

pi.

]nln.


'I

^^,
Syr.
6//;--

Aeth.

jr«C.'

Heb.

-i"**k2/,

Phoen. 0w(> (according
1.

to Plutarch,
^tct),

but the
IScZ^

inscr.

^lassil.

3 has

rp^,

Heb.

Sam. "^^^A.
(dust,
tiunult,
"ipz;

Derived either from
anger),

U

*^^

red up

IV. \!i\ stir up (dust),

plouyh (comp.
impf.

and armentum), or from

jU

= rLl,
many
Lat.

\y^.->

spriny upon, attack; more probably from
Misled

the
liave

former.

by

tlie

similarity

of sound,
Gr.

identified

with

this

word

the
tlie

tavQoq,

iaurus,
strong;

but these are related to

Sanskrit

sthura-s,

taurus consequently stands for staurus ,
tjur.

Germ.

ticr, Eng. steer, Dan. tyr, Swed.

ninn below,

beneath.

Under.

Ar.

v:L^',

Aelh.

d'^'t:

,


Heb. Phoen.

45


Sam.

nnn,

Syr. zzJlA^

A^An^^ri,

nin
N^n,

=

r\W sink, descend, Ar. ^\j and ^LS"
I'rn;!,

impf.

/<^/?_^,

suspend.

— From = XU^Syr.

Heb.

pz,

Sam.
nj;'?'iP,

AZA.
a wor?u or caterpillar;
rati,
y*^""

kSnj;':'jn,

Syr. jL^Jiloi.

Most

prob.
(

from the
ij;

//cXr,

hence lick up,
Gesenius'

consume

Ar.

/(T/^J ;

see

however

Thesaurus,

art y^n.

nSn T
:

f.,

Nn'^n m., T T
:

'^

M;-^6'.
nii''?^';

Ar.

e)^,
1.

RjSU;

Aeth. UJAll-t:
to

-^

Heb.
tine),

i^'l^tS',

Phoen. salus (according
9,

Augus-

rwh^

(inscr. Massil.

11); Syr. i^z,

1^^;

Sam.
|5|r,

AIA, '^AZA.

there; Syr.
is

^i,
a|VJ,

Sam. p-^A, ^I'^A. aa' ^s*
i+J,
//c*?;-^,

Another form
o*'
v.::^',
^>^<?/^;

nan,
CJ''
T

Ar.

|vJ,

v::mJ,

Heb.
N:n,
impf.

and

nsit'.
T T

"i^n"',

prop.

<^^/^^,

fold, hence
).jZj

^<?

again,

repeat.

Ar.
f.

^,

Heb. njK^, Syr.
second.

Sam. "^^A.
^(71^1

p:n,

t^J^-,

Sam.

A,

Syr.

^i

repeating, subst. repetition.
niJ''jH,

prop, repetition, as an adv.

a second

time, again.


P]pr,
,

Syr.

zaiLi ^ Sam.
impf.
Plpn";,
"i'?

A v^rH^A.
strong, violent, severe;
;'^wi^

^"ipn,

/5»^

impers.
/>^^/,

n^

?ipn

=

nnn,

/^^

fi^^gry.
,'^'

Ar. ljUu

5<7/r^,

^^//y^

possession of;

>_4q

^<?

active ,

sagacious,

talented; Heb. ^ipn attack, oppress ; Syr.
rjlpn,

^z, Sam. 3CAvehemence,
pi.

f^pin, iXBp^n,

^^Cpn, strength;

vio-

lence,

anger;

a strong place, fortress;
t^pn, Syr. |I^oi,

]"'Cpin

l^spn.

—Heb.

Sam. ;3tCA, '^^CA.


111

46


(o

chap. n.

7

i(

corresponds

the Heb.

cnni:
Syr.

bolls

or bars.
r]i|?n

strong, povei'ful, vehement, violent.


,

«-

^\

Sam. 3fnCA.

jnn,

f.

pniP,

tn^o.

Ar.

^JlIi^ ^t^lij and ^Uli; Heb.
(for
'•ri!')

C^:ii',

C.nii';

Phoen. consfr. ]w
^^'"'

iiiscr. Melil.

I.;

Syr.
"IDj;
"I'^n

^^j
nn,
f.

^^'^;

^nl'iA, 'p/TlA'^A.
-iDy..

Hence

ncy
I.

Nn>"^, tndve ; see
r]in
<//v>^
/^//",

not used in

III,

^.i/?^/.

IV. ""^rN

^6'

driven out, eipelled.

Ai\

J J>

/^^/^'6',

abandon.

SYRIAC VERSION.

V,

,

.77

V

7

7

Q

P

P

t^

7

^^•i

.^.

/a:

'•

f^

\
,

P.,

|.^9

-"•",,
cn^..A.p

'o

^
,

'

»

••

av^ Lm2 —a9 ^a_*.

07
.

Ni

^
^t.
'^

.

'

i^

.ctrLUaO

\

'7
>•'

,

i *

]^

P 7

, j

P

--^

„ q^

,Ja_?

"^T?^

Zuals^o

.|w3

Q-iioilo

..

t\S

ZZ|

_iio

V^Cas

^)
'^)

On

the marg. of one Ms.

wo^o.

'^)

Var.
Var.

jJsa-ilik
«^-»lo?.

j^o-i^

}^q»»^.

ci^2i;Jbcui..

'^)

'^)

A

ms.

adds
.

^^Zo^^

.

)

2 mss. oj^jo.

^)

2 mss. oAii


9

48


•>')i^
^jT

.Uf

]1^

.^'^

^=^ ')-M

^f

11

••')r=J(

-['^'^

!-?=

-s^
\®^^

Ujio >=yJ

^?

,sJÓi

l-iLjl

ai»r^?

12 ^Js-^^-*.
psi?

•'s:^=-^

jt^
--i^

^.Nn
pa-i.

^*^?i^o ^il
.

"j]<n

Pi

'^i-i;?

V^uifi

U-aJo

jy.n ,.^cpo|o

1=3^

'^if

pil?

'C^:^

.i-.^!*.]

pc

)*-.\ r-^fi?

^iJ«n

^5^4^

.Ui-I

p£?

^iS\

v-Ci^Z

Po

.pn Ir^?
:t--)=

?i-»-2is
p''

15 ^s_Il^ ^^-N-t'^s .lS\

f^i ijf U[?

-^r^
1

'^1?

16 ^V"?^

.-.

..>fi~

V>

A.

^v»

pA
ic^

^M^22|3

.

y.a

^sis|t~A>o

jljyS PL=?

*»r:?=

P.ji£

^
'^'

jZ^i

l^-^?

v^=i
-

Ujf
7

V

1

^qI
^=4
•••

]

= ?!=

.,J=-ij^
."Xi- 's

^^^-^tVr^

'^'^

'-^r^

-=W =
^eiaLlas

2

wj^^To

]£^Zo ^yy''^)

l£Ji^Z

.iioJ?

'V ^
"'

A^y 4,c
.

?wkX.

'^i--*.?

'suSfJz

"^

^5

.^^ir^o

^hr\'^<

4

.c-nl^

^^f-u.

|)nJ=

P^?

n ^i\^

pL^:.:^^

^^^^.k^^js

•;•

)

4

» ,

'i

|\^ *^

li

My\ p]
•>

H.^^:.!:

'^a 'jy
)

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).»}

i

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>:|-s

—^

6

P^?
'')

fTt'L^]jzz

-

'

i

pfsciZo

.

4°i\

p£^

V^. ..^c^rM

One ms.

IJ]
jlc]
.

pci.

r^/r^ pi-,)

^=,

another pnii
.cn.;!ii.

p...!'

^Jl?.

')

One ms.
)

J)Onems.
')

Wanting

in

one ms.

One ms.

ji^l.

•n)

Lee o^LzZ\o.

»')

One ms. .^.


r

49


ZuOajo
.

s'

•>

^(TlJk.

]-^'f^

Ua,««

—lO

v..«JLm

>n\S\

^,ta).

8

f", 1 Sr

M i Vi

I^uOa-^

]

^^^^?

^r^?

"^^

•'i^r^

.^Si'

.uv^

9

jicj^iiL^

^-^.1 ^•j

^Z!>i? '^s-^
ói_J^^
lH;.i°

"^
]^?
tl\

U-r^l "^-^Tsj^s

I

o cno
''^I

1
>ca-o

ji]? |q"|6iJ
)aldJo
.^Ijic?

^-^r.^ II.*!!^
''^•jlo

2

oii-I^^

^l

|n1

^a*

y=^o

-i-^

U]

3

.l^ail
).iac.:

^.y^yjl

}la^ -r^lo l.Hi)? -r^ l^a-^ r?rf

I'l''*.'''^

'^Vi\
jol >J

a.AJ)Lso

.^oiS)

^

jaJ-^? gi^«.l]
)

n

1

Vi toio

•:•

).asai2w2^

^

£w{Ciiob

.óoi-?

nNiN

Vii So

.oai «T pi>'oV

r-^

.

)-°^

a

a''^\6

O

_>D
.

.

jaXftXs

^^oj^jo
|i..«;JLr;ó

o]i-=|o
).,4

IJifi^uVik

>_c£i-»o

jjaJS

w^iil^o

7

jjlko

jVoZo

Tt

1

n

.^aisJ.r370 7?9

j

-i\v?

p^xos

w*j]
'^

>^2^;xJc

.

]}

"}

"^'

joil^l)

aiJo-,_aJo

]i

->^^
)"Aa

)

a1

*1

n

].£US

pl

V
^

-:•

^oiOt-fc).2
,-iia5

^]^

l.*^a4-^
.

_:^o

.

*-o

oumSo]

,_^
.]
11?

9

oi'^o??
K
]

]ZJ.ifl-i»

smoli o

.^'N^ >=j» i^o
tOf-ii-T^^
Jlo

MjaiJ^

)J^£^^
-^

y

.6oi^j»?cl
.


dJ
]

ibo

0-?^?
i-so
I

]aiJ^ lv*?
I

r^

1^

10

oi1~o«

i,.i^ij»

.óouliiO

-^i")?

.^«:^^1.^

1-2

]

|:S

^^.^iJ^

|?ai

Zosi

P

.)-*r^

tol

.17^]°

}-*'r^

^^

oj One ms.
•*^

^©j
-.^

.

P")

Zj^jz]
One ms.
jjaj)©

'J)

l?r^, l?tr*7

I?

r^-

One ms. -

^t

i^

.

^\

Ih?'?

*)

^"^

'^^-

U^^^

)(nX.


L^om'^'fl
.

50


^cn
P^t^ ")Uói V^'^c

.^^M h

b^

...^

p^fL

6

]ouik'

Uj^^

fsi Vi^r^^i^
-^3-*
T-^
.

''^

-•'.r^
nNrffo

^
iiLo

Ih^?'
.]|jx?

^"M^
|?6^-»^
.

''o;

|i^

jocio

'^'-'^

)^Oi-4.£

OLA

<^Q-

^r^

01

£.A^

,-^

01^ w^Ójjo

01_4_k?

^ ^°iV ]2s^ "^^.6 ^VwSfi42|o ^J:^? a-^^f^

i-*.liC^

4-^

c

9

wfii'.
^1.1::;^

^o-l:^ ]5i!X

il^

j.£i]o

o-i-óir:!"

^
|Jo

Ml

v_ai'

^i'ci

^H
i^O

^-r^

'^^
OUk^;^^

r^)°

-llt-^?

I'of^

VL ^^
OIA)

L^

i^

ei

iW

j.^

i^9

.^01_k^^^9

I^P

^9

")
'^)

One ms.

|5ct.

'^')

One ms. One ms.

^'..i^v^'^

"')

One ms.

|)j_c, |ici^:ij..

wS^4|o.
Onenis. ).Alilr?.

^')

^]

^

anolher
a
.

^|c.

^')

^)

One

nis.

ooOi.la!o

^V

6L0SSARY.

v^l

^

)-pl

^

a father^
etc.

pi.

^"aijal
^«j|,

^

^kil

;

with

siiIT.

^\
sufT.

,

^a^*!

,

^010^1,

Ar.
2N',

Aeth. A-fl: with.

Afbi:

Heb. 2N, Chaid.
,15 1,

N3f<,

Sam.

SA.
destroy.

impf.
gl.

r^JJ^

perish.

V.

^©1

See

Chald.

ISiX.

^o1

inlerj.

0!
V-jp^
imper.
'^'i
,

Vll^

impf.
"IJJb^

go; -^jiioo

V-|l

==

Tj'^n

becoming more and more agitated.

See

Chald.

gi.

\\^.

^

I

impf.

»q1p

^

/rt'y?:^ ,

^^;><?,

/^»/(?/,

possess,

shut.

Ar.

J,kT, Aeth.

AfH:
l^r-1
,

Heb.

TPIX,

Chald. -[m,
pi.

Sam.
m.

T^A
f-

^^1^
I'^l.
~^]

)Jr-1

,

f-

O'^'^^^^,

another;
inx.

^j-i,

^•^].
See ]L:\.
as,
T]iN

See Chald.

gl.

according to, about
ho)v? Chald.
Chald.
gl.
"^ji^;,

(in

stating numbers),

Heb.

Tj^n,

Sam. iiJTlA.
^

Comp. of J]
prop.,

(see

\x)

and

-^

3;

and therefore

as in Heb. and Chald., an interrog.


l^'j

52


NZi^^i.

ivhere? where.
J]

Heb. HD^N, Chald.

Comp. of

and

\L

here (Heb. ni, Chald. ^i).

f^v^
|j-kl

^\

whence? whence. Comp. of ^1 and \s^ hence.
f.

.


Lu
I

Tp-.

1

.

-'^'Z^^?,

?vhich,
,

what?
N"\s.

pi.

^-'^•'l:

?

ii-^l

^^
|ioi

^'^<?.
f.

Chald.
this.
etc.

p-i^N

f.

Comp.

of

J]

and

,

|?CT ^

//<(?r^ /5,

;

with
11^

siifT.

^l^

\

^

^^.Jlu

]

,

^oioLi
etc.

,
j

lam,

etc.

Comp. with
gl.
\i\

Lfcll

there

ts

not,

— See
AA!
^l

Chald.

n\s'.

if not, unless, except, but.
N^^<,

Ar.

Sfl

,

Aeth.
of

Chald.
|3.

Sam.

AZA;
pi.

Heb. Nt^'CN.

Comp.

and

ik:^ a god, God;

jk:^.
pi.

See Chald.

gl.

n'PN.
gl.

w^,
^1
•^]
.

jix,

f.

a

ship,

ux.


say,

See Chald.

iK^h^.
gl.


gl.

V. ,_v^CT
ft^U,

believe,
inf.

believe in.

See Chald.

pN.

,

impf.

jiaU^,

order.

See

Chald.

1CN.

^j

if.


pi.

See Chald.
^1 „1
1
,

gl.

u.^,
?ve.
It

),jj

/;

gen. ,_L»,

often expresses the

verb

be,

and

is

then written \4\
fearing).

as

/ fear (am
^oJl,

p}

jj']

lam,

)j'xJ»?

See Chald.

gl.

njn.

^J|.
,

See en.
^

^\
'lS\,

ill], a man, person, individual;

pi.

^v

'i

]

^

U^l-

See Chald.
f.

gl.

wi^.
pi.

^ol, thou;

^'hS],

f.

^Lj'I,

i/ou.

It

also

expres-

ses the verb be, as hS\

^^

thou doest

(art doing).

See Chald.
^s]

gl.

r:N.

also, likewise,
f;K,

moreover : jLl neither, nor.
and
rji^^.

Heb. Phoen.

Chald.

p]n

;


,_isl^M\
ance ;
Go*
i.»ajl,

53


ox:

the face ; front, surface, external fo7'm
for

appearAr.
du.

^i^j.

from

an

unused
Heb.
f]X

sing.

^aj|;

Aeth.

Ki^\

the nose,

the

nose,
pi-

C^ax the

nostrils,

face; Chald.

XCJJ^,

NDN,

jiDJt^!,

pCN, niox;

Sam. -^rn^A-

The Syriac Grammarians
derive
,_isl

and Lexicographers
iLs, Heb.
«-.»(o]j

wrongly

from

izj-a
^

riND,

Chald. NnN9, NHD, the face.

l^'ol,

f.

« way,

road, journey;
gl.

custom,

conduct;

pi.

^5o].
^-


^^^^

See Chald.
eai'th,
V"in'.

niN.

"^ri^

^'l^

ground,

a country;

pi.

^vf.


If

See Chald.
IL*.)
//^<?

gl.

lowest part,
the stat.

bottom,

base;

pi.

_ii-4.]

^/^z/^^.

is

prop,
in

emph. of

^

^

which occurs,
Jij'li^
,

for

example,

the

compound

|Lio|a^^

pi.

the base or foun-

dation (of a wall);

Ar.

o*.I-t

and

ajcl

podex , nates
T\^'^'

Heb.
jz], impf.
f.

n*^",

pi.

nln^'; from a rad. T\Tp
s.

=

place.

Izp, imper.

m.

)!z,

f.

^z,

pi.

m. oi and ^ooz^

^Ji

and ,-^1^,

inf. jzjiso

,

<:•<?;;;<?.

See Chald.

gl. ndn*.

jt

in,

at

or w^fl'r,

by,

with,

on account

of,

etc.

See

Chald. gl. 2.
wA.}^

not used in

I.,

^«?

(^a-^.

V. ^^jlil, ^^.^l, injure, hurt.

See Chald.
-^

gl.
f.

]v\^'2.
>

>^

^

i-^"^^^

1

f

^

,

|2LiLu.r;^

bad, wicked; as a subsl.

evil,

wickedness, misery, calamity.

al-k£»,

zal--s^

lia

>

i

^ ^ wickedfiess.

Chald.

Vii'^a.


^i-..£

54
^


hetiveen
,

and
p2,

^1*L
''2,

,

contr,

i^

among.


]y

Cliald.

'•r^, n:/?; see Aeth.

gi

n^i"

vi:Is
i

,

impf. MsJiLaS,
Ij^V'-'^

swallow, devour.

See Chald.
pi.

gl.

ybl.

ts-.

.

a beast of burden,
gl.

coll.

cattle;

-^^


12.

See
jLj
li^j

Cliald.

niyz.

a so/t;

pi.

^io,

Ijoa

.

See Chald.

gl

Hence

^Ipc*
pi.

-AJjis^

« human

being,

pe?'son

,

individual;
ITJ

yljl v{n^
13.

\H^.
nr^*

Chald. i^JN "13,
n^c-i^'

12 (Dan.

VII.

n^n

ir:j<

"122

^jjy-cj;
?vas

n^i

and

see!
it

?vttk

the clouds

of heaven there

coining as

were a man, the figure of a man

not „one hke

the

Son of man")

;

Ar.

iLlQlj, iLlilj, a word borrow-

ed from the Nabathaeans; Heb. Dn5"]2.

pS

,

l^s^

uncultivated

groud, a
outside,

field,

j»/(«^>^,

desert.

Hence

with prep,
except,
II,

j^v

out,

i^v

^

^
etc.

^^v

outside,
1*111).

besides,

frotn

without

(comp.

Ar.

adv. \Z, i\yi

C,

G

^x;

Chald.

n*';2,

N"12V, ^<^2^,
al^,
la!^, //^^

n-]2^d;

Sam. '^'^a '^'^SZ,
interior,

0pp.

to

centre,
(Ar.
etc.;

a«Io

?vithin,
1J,

ol^.
ni^,

—ii e.^^, a-sr^

^
i:^

^,

adv.

t^;

Chald.
etc.).

constr,

U,

1J|2,

Sam. tt,

Xl^,

jla^,

TiA^, a man;
befall.

pi.

^r^.

See Chald.

gl.

-^23.

-^r^ happen,
r-^.
t-N^,

y^^Q' f^^'-

Like the Gr. word,

it

never commences

a phrase.

.

DD
^•^vv'^,

^-\?

^^''?'<"*.


out,

See
call

Cliald.

gl

'73.

^iL, impf. 1x^5,

cf'f/

on; of animals

lo7i\

helloff.


)vho,

Heb. nv;,

Cliald.

NVi

Cognate form ]^.

which, that;

mark

of the

g'enif.,

as

U^?

oi^^l

tJie

hold of the ship;
Chald. gl. n.
..A
^

conj.

that,

in

of^de?^ that.


in

See

^^t^ ,
^Ic?

saci'ifice.

III.

^.i^s?

saci'ifice

often

or

great

quantity.


,

See Chald.

gl.
pi.

"2".
,_—.^7
gl.

a victmt,

saciificc ;

,

impf.

o^

J^fdge.
,

See Chald.
pi.

]n.

)1^^, ]^i^^
V^?, Viyi, fear.
U«?
l^^ii-»?,

a city;

,_L:^.
gl.

See Chald

^m.
of fear

fear, dread, reverence, an object
pi.
it

or reverence, deity ;

,_^"?

^?^

de,

hut, yet.

Like dt

never holds the

first

place

in

a phrase, gen. the second.
C^y

impf.

^pi, rememher.

II.

mind, rememher.
-.>v%

ij;?z]

^d?

rememhered ;
ion.
id.

call to

See Chald.

gl.

make
pass.

turhid, distu?'h, agitate.

III.

w.^?

IV.

.

*.Sfz|

Heb. n^"n, Sam.

>o?, ^ic?
,

Jic?^

^/(9<></.

CiT.
gl.

See Chald.

on.
sleeping.

impf.

^,i,

sleep; part,

^-'^f

See Chald.

^Io?j,

i^?,

particip.

adj.

sleeping.

wJ?,

impf.

w.Jji,
,

m^
,

(the

sun).

See

Chald.

gl.

n:'.

^f^

iI»JfL
,

the east.

\lli^

f.

liLl3,Io,

eastern; as a subst. the east.

56

Iri

he, she,

it

(Cliakl.

.sr

:

Phoeii.
interj.

j<m
lo,

,

inscr.

Sidoii.):

;i<lv.

here, there (comp. n;)

;

see (Ar. L^,

Chald.

NH, NH, Sam.
c<^

A^).
she,
it:
pi.

m.,

-n

f.,

he,

^p
it

m.,

^Ji

f.,

and as
express
^si

accus. after a verb ^=j|,
tlie

^J.
is

Often used

to

verb be,
csi
01

in

which case

gen. written coi.
is);

(as

:jf thou art, Jn
is

.^^

she

sonietinies,

how-

ever,
into

suppressed

(as

sjlJ

?vho is?),

or

changed
in

^ (as
051

^zn
Pi
jjci

he

is).
tiie

With words ending
diphthongs au,
fi'here is
oi,

]1
ei,

and
as
is

]1

and ^n form
-CI
Ififft,

eu,

cci i-jj

=^1

he?
this

cai |I?
is.

he

pure ; except

.

which makes

^oi j?i


f.

See

Chald. gl. Nin.
cCT

m.,

J<

f.,

he, she,
\r^^

it,

this,

that:

pi.

m.

^rx

.

^ci.

Contr, for oq
1=ci.

^n
be,

]n

(Heb. N^nn, N^nr).

impf.
01

l

=

nj.

]kj

.

happen.
]coi

When

a

mere
killing,

auxil.,

is

suppressed,

as

V;Js

he 7vas
,

V^
had

]efli

he had killed,

jooi

]óoi

he was

|=n

l=n he

been.
v''^;

See Chald,

gl.

Nin.

.^

Ui^oi.
^:ii.:i-.oi'.

a large building,

temple, ^r^n.

church, palace

:

pi.


^<?

See Chald.
f.,

gl.

.

CT J

ij'ci

m.,

ifoi

this:
tu7'n,

pi.

.^^-^'oi.

^01.

impf.
II.

-^osoii.

return

;

change: overturn, destroy.
destroyed.

^ciz]

turned,

changed,
reinain
,

IV.

«^oiz]
of.

(versatus

est)

stay ,

be

on

the point
gl.

V.

^oil

turn away, avert.

See Chald.

l?r.


and, but.

57

o

See Chald.

2I.

\

_£)1

JJ-sL time;
is

pi.

,-ixs^ times (vices),

in

which

sense

it

fern.,

as

^••-i

i^z
Ar.

thrice,
^/>-.
jci,

^Jlc]

^-^'i?
,

« second
ll<J^i'.

time,

again.


|ls]^

and
njdt,

^jUj

Aeth.

Heb.
it

)CT, pi. D'^Dl;

Chald.

pi. ]^jdi;

Sam.
2óUó\.

^S^;
Ano-

has also passed info Pers. as jjCo^

and

ther
]l-\,

form
Jj]i

is

1

-^^1

,

P^-

1^»1chaste, innocent,

impf.

^^ j9wr^ in a moral sense,

just; conquei'.

^
^y^

See Chald.

gl.

i<DT.

\^

lis

\^

pure, innocent, just ; victorious.
be small; be
depressed,
despond.

impf.

-^Y

See

J

Chald. gl. lyi.
jioLij
f.

i-Tjoi]^

small,

little,

young ;

pi.

m. ^VoL]

Va^

not used in
destroy.
U-a-

I.,

be corrupted,
gl.

vitiated.
'pDH.

II.

Vsil corrupt,


a

See Chald.

co7^ruj)tion ,

destruction. or associate;
pi.

•^£^

|>iu»

co?npanion

r^t^II.

^^^

Chald. gl. -i2n.

impf.

v-A-ok^j

*/<w^

^/j'^,

confine, imprison.
ij'zn

'-•-si-^J

pass.

Ar.

J4^;

Heb.

bind, imprison.

4*


fL^
-jL.
.

58
gl.

f.

j,L»,

ofie.


I.

See Chald.

nn.

impf.

]^.
in

^^ fff^d, rejoice.

See Chald.

gl.

Nin.

]a-

not

used

HI.

^ol show, announce,

tell.


See

Chald. gl. Nin.
impf.

^ra^^ have compassion on, pity
gl.

,

spare.

See

Chald.

D^M.
see,

1^,

impf.

\y^ ^

observe.


,

See Chald.
off,

gl.

NTn.

^.s4-^^

hnpf.

wsi4u^

snatch,

carry

plunder.

See

Chald. gl. f\C'.
\1j»,
.

impf. ]I^
gl.
kS^n.

,

iZU

.

inf.

]

^V^

j_,»)^

.

live.

See Chald.

^.
>iJ
.

Ul,
>alj
.

h/e.
l/e

impf.

hot,

warm.

Ar.
gl.

1^
^<P".

wai'm, he 7varm,

Heb. Chald. en.

See Aeth.
anger.

1%:^

heat,

passion,

Chald.

i<ncin

heat,

Heb. nan.

wJu

sigh, g?^oan.

]VJ1„ a
V*--,.

sigh, groan.

See "^*

^Uy

impf.

^l4J , be

well,

happy. Joyful : often impers.

wal[ prepare, make ready.
>-s4,
l-a4.
f-

III.

See Chald.

gl.

21D.

1^',

)V=4;,
)vell,

^0<><i^;

followed

by

^^

better than; as an adv.

very, excessively.
pi.

<^£^^
?=^^
l^c^.

Z(L£ij4

,

i^Q^ikJ^ goodness, bounty;
:

jzlslilJ.

a mountain

.^f:Li.

See Chald.

gl.

mt:.


;


'^
not used in
gl.
^^£0.
I.

59


cover.

III.

VilJ shade,

See

Chald.

lK| shade,

shado?v.

— —

Aefh. ifAiV°^:

Cliakl.

^ihh'C,
T T
'
:

Sam. ^XXV', Ar. JiUb anything that gives shade.
I^^v^^ ^ shade or covering, hut;
pi.
UliL^Cifi.

^ " '

"^^

.^

impf.

>a:l4Lj,

/'(^^/'.

See Chald.

gl.

nyL:.

^3^

stiike, heat.

III.

^^

distress,

afflict,

vex.

IV.

^^zi
eye

pass.

Ar.

v3pó

^/r<?

a

hloiv ,

ivink

with the

Heb. ^;y^ tear in pieces; Chald.

P)"iip,

Sam. 3^^^.

,

^

impf.

,_4ip

^

he dry,

2//?,

^^rt-Av
r
c'/'y
f-

7vither.


pi.

dry up, wither. V. wA^e]
gl.
]i;'y>.

^/^y

See Chald.

)

1n

ground, land.

Ar.

^^jiZ<i,

Aeth. F-fli:
Chald.
gl.

r^,

li^l,

the

hand;
I.-

1^

not used in

— V.

^^],

1-Ip.).

— See

.^'jol

confess, give thanks, p?'aise.

t.

See Chald.
^'ioZj

gl.

Nn\
confession

jLu'joZ^

of faith,

religion;

praise,

thanksgiving.
VjH^,
impf.
gl. '^vJ"^
iiif-

'^'r^^

imper.

^s^?,

know.-

— See

Chald.

y-\
;

wsoi-I y/^t'

imper.

^^oi, part,

wski^
jnj.

^.a-iaux;

impf.

'^•i^j^ inf.

V^ifi^ from a rad. '^aj =r
voal

— See
and
night);

Chald. gl.
jLiooli".

y^ol

a day ;

pi.

—ki^calT,

J^lI^

Dn\
See

Chald. gl. Dr.
>3l-.l,
jIoLl.]^

day

(as opp.

to

pi.

^iViSnyJ.

Chald. x^?D^ day, UDi^ hy day

=

NTC''2,

)\iVt)-s^

CDV-

loTiTcv^,

Joppa or

/rt)^/.

iLal
^.^iflj
.

llie

sea;

pi.
f.

]^<^^
f/ie

]L,inI

1'igld
in

— 60 — — See —
hand.

Chald. gl.
.

cv
gl.
]i?d\

See Chald.

oM> not used except

V.

^o\
^

add, inci'ease, do again.


in

See Chald.
\L^
impf.

gl.

f]D^.

\^

^

imper.

^^

slioot up,

grow.
{<y^

Chald.

nj;^;

identical
partie.

with Aeth. ®!^A: Heb.

go out (comp.

CNiJNli shoots,

and KtvKK

\

an

e?nb?'go or foetus).
gl.

^^Ll
jL*

^

impf. impf.

•^hl ^ imper.

^z^
over

sit.


See Chald.
be

2n\

?ip

remain
J

and

alcove,

abundant,
Chald. "ini,

abound,
Sain.

make gain

or pro/it.

Heb.

*in^,

'iAm.
\''r^^ ,
f-

'fSl
v^

li-^'^,

l^i-*"^

abundant, excellent ;va^

z?^<?;v /'A^;?/

as an adv. very, much,
Chald.

more, besides

(Heb. nnii).

i^n^ Sam.

^171 AHt.

j^

perhaps.

Heb. Chald. 123
Jki"

/o;?^

ago,

already, per-

haps (comp.

already, pej-haps).
although.

^

when, after ;
relat.
?

ivhilst ;

Comp. of
"V'^)->

^^
e.

3 and the
its

(corresp.

lo

Heb.

TiJ'N*?^

and hence
g.

frequent

use with
(lit.

participles

and

adj.,

saying

as

one

who

says).

•^\

^
13,

Chald.

ns,

Sam.

T^.
IJas,

Vs

lis,

M^

totality,

the whole;

all,

whole.


^t'

See

Chald. gl. ^2.

^is cover,

clothe,

conceal.

III.

^^^^

id.

IV.

-

vered ,
gl.

concealed,

put

on

clothes.

.m^ /|

<?<>-

See

Chald.

ND2.


^•fS
^

61


oiia. aJJ:*©).

impf.

]i^^ be painful,
oO:*,

disagi'eeaUe, g?icve; only used

impers.

hl-^^

etc.

(conip.


to,

Chald, xns,

Ar.

\S he

unpleasant, s^/ he ave?'se

dislike.

lia^jj pain, grief.

y^

not used in

I.^

— V.
ry2>

i^l

pi'oclaim,

preach,

declare.

See Chald.

gl.

\lo-^
gospel.

a p?'oclamation or announcement, preaching, the

^^s

impf,

>^oiJJ^

ffo

round,
other

surround; wrap up, protect.
radicals
\i;2^,

Chald.

T^^.

Like

of

a

similar

form
^-fS
is

(wil^ provoke,

w*^
belly,

disturb,

WDV^, V^lt^),
"il3.

a later formation from jijj^ from the rad.

ua^

Ijc^j

f.

the

the

inmost or
the
S'-]^,

deepest part ;
of

pi.

\hja-^.

Ar.

yiyS,

^S
Heb.

stomach
Chald.

ruminant

animals, Aeth.

^CW:
throne;

N*cn3,

Sam.

s^^joa
gl.
u.4.Ls

jlifljas

«

pi.

jzaxsjas.

See

Chald.

f<D1D.

strike, strive or contend,

IV.

v_*.zL^z|

*^;ve;<?

?e^/^^

w?^

another, fight, strive or
Ar.

^.r<?;-^

ones self endeavour.
Sam.

^dS,

Heb.

iJ'n^,

Chald. u^n?,

-^A^.

'^

'^s^

to,

for, according to,
dat.

etc.

Sign, of
h.

tlie

accus. and of the

|3

no, not.

— See — See

Chald. gl.

Chald. gl. )^.


JQ
iw»lJ^
f.

62


3
s.
f.

labour, he fatigued, exhausted ; perf.
^iw-p.
etc.; impf.
jlil,

iJlJ

^

2
^

m.
part.

imper. ^y,

inf.

1)3,

]|3.

\\^

See Chald.

gl.

^n^.
pi.

I^'C

/)^<?

/^^«r/,

the vi}ie?inost pa?'t or midst;
gl.

jzLkiii.

See Chald.
.

i\
/^w^
J

-'^^
at,

impf.

-.s-sLJ

(9/^

clothes.

z'ii^

near, to or towards.

See Chald.
gl.

gl.

Mizh-

See Chald.

ni^.
gl.
h'h.

vv

f-vv ^ night;

pi.

]zn\'v\'.

See Chald.

)Ie

ii^L

<7/^y

article
pi.

of furniture,

j)ot

or

vessel,

imple-

ment, dress;

plL.

See Chald.
gl.

gl.

|ND.

>c^
i^j^^

something.
impf.

See Chald.

CJ/"^.

ZaLiJ, imper. zaio^

<//^.

See

Cliald.

gl.

niD.

VioL death.
)''..v^

impf.

I

"^"^y strike, bite

or

.y/;>?^

(an insect). See Ch. gl. f<nD.
jJsLlIL
ivaves.

'^s.l^

P!*-»L

a

storm;

pi.


i^io

See

Chald. gl. hwxxi.
V4Csc

impf.

U^^

<70W6'

/»^

happen;

part,

.^oio^is
gl.

/<6'

7vas able,

had

pofver.

See Chald.
because,

n:?2.

V^lLc on account
'piJ^Jp,

of,

for ;

jV^

since.


^^'<?

Chald.

b^ICCJs*.

Prob. comp. of
//^

<4^,
to,

]^a-4>-^^

pe?iainof,

ing

to

r? jia^oaii;

relation

in

consideration

because of; Chald.

rtTCN*)

and

'\.
gl.
in.

_i^.
)jii^

-jLiJj

jj^j water.
'KXziLd


\L

See Chald.
\.

jii^.

hence;

hence to

e.

within,

Chald.
^<^.

N2jp;

comp. of

^

and

here, Heb. n3, Chald.

V*^

from

this

time forward,

any longer

:

now, therefore.


Comp. of
yA^ri

63

^
I.
,

and V^^

— =

Chald. |n2

hei^e,

whence

hence; comp. V^ioi then,the7'efo7'e,
in

'\^ not used
|so^
pi.
]

III.

'^.1^ speak.

\^^ hitherto.
gl.
'p^z:.

See Chald.

\

^"^
,

a word, saying;
U_^'.
pi.

thing, matter (comp. "id~).

^ySi^

Heb.

Chald.

n^^.

pL

Ci^.c,

)fiji\

Sam.
jlii^
f.

kv^,

salt.

-^mZ^.

Ar.
in

XL,
Aeth.
this

Heb.
there

n'pc,

Chald.
the

rbo, Nn^c,

Sam. '^2,^;

occurs
in

denom.

verl)

<P^^\
is

salt.

From

word

the sense of the sea,

derived

-v^^^

^^,

fi

sailor;

pi.

}^vj.

Ar.

_1^,
reign.

Heb.

Chald. n^D.

-pio,

iinpf.

^Xv^;^ counsel,
gl.
-j^jq.

advise;

he

king,

See Chald.
^'v'^

)^'V^ a king ;

pi.

^.-^v^^

^
^
^^

roho?
qjlLj

who ;
(for ooi
I.

also a particle

=

Gr. ^itv.

— See
r,\C
]?2.

Ch. gl. p.

^)
of,

who

is? also used for

what is?

Chap.

8.

from,
jlL^
^'D,

of,

out

etc.

— See
adv.
.n.

Chald. gl.
/^^.'*

7vhat?

what;
and

('j-i'v/^X^

From

Jjsa^

no,
(for

^'/«/.''

ai^
—li^i^

o 01
^>^^

jiic)

what is?
the belly.

l-^i^,
li^as

intestines,

— See
pi.

Chald. gl. iXyr.

fL£>

a possessor, owner, master;

_*j^.

As a

title

of

respect,

^^^

=

"t2"l,

y.vQie,

my

lord, sir.

Lord!
-

^

our

Lord

(Christ),

>aA^l

^j^

Mar

Ephraetn,
is

^ nov!

^^

J/«r Jacob,

etc.
pi.

A

cognate form

\^ J

\l-^\

jl^,

]zJ^.

Def.

)J!^^

Ó

;(i;(>foc,


64
the Lord.


^y_^ ^ man ;
Chakl.
-:c,

Ar.

g^c, g^/o,

NIC, nc: Sam.
-£io

'^^ 01^^.

Mard-aioq, Matthew.

jlij ^ prophet.

See Chald.

gl.

N2J.

jzalaj prophecy, a jrrophccij.

^
r^J,

be e.xtended, long.


^w^'.

See Chald.

gl.

ij:,

jj^"" long, j^rotracted,

slow, gentle; jj^oj?

j^.*^

=

""in

C^CN slow
inipf.

to

anger.

ip^ jop^
pi.


See Chald.

gl.

Tij.

|i^ « V07V ;
]ioo

]i,i.

« river ;
^^
^?//V/,

pi.

jiov^u
II.

See Chald.

gi.

nn.*.

^
p'ij
:-iIj j

tranquil.

^>v/v| r^^/,
gl.
niJ.

repose,

cease or

r/<?^/^/.


;
pi.

See Chald.
jiaj.

a fish
iiiipf.

See Chald.

gl.

ji:.

^s-Ij

descend.

See Chald.
protect,
'^^'^'

gl.

nilj.

i4j^

impf-

r^^
*1CI^')'

ja^i,

watch,
^^-

presei've,

worship
lSaJ>

(comp.


help,

y^
i:::,

ohsei've,

inspect ,
see,

watch,
Heb.
^sjaJ
.

1^
wsiiJ.

defend;

Aelh.

i&L,\

observe;

-1^:,

-i:::,

Chald.

Sam.

impf. impf.
gl.
pE^:.

imper. w:s.
.

/^//iY'.

1

^iki

imper.

wXi=

^\ — See — go

Chald. gl. 2D:.

out.

See

Chald.

-°i

)_4.sJ,

f.

Mt* breath, soul or spirit, life;
gl.
t^'sj.

pi.

j^JUJ.

See Chald.

.

; ,

65


^..^

^

inipf.

Citi

^

grow, increase, he great or numerom.

See Chald.

gl.
f-

md.
)i^^. Ul--^^. much, fmmerous, great;
f.

-Z^, 11-^,
pi.

^U^', \]^,
,

^i^', |ili^\
fi

|)_/a^

constr.

^I-Jaa,
J

great quaiUity
^foil^Qj^
^

,

abundance;
Chald.
j<j;2'iD,

with suff

-j^a.»
•'JD,

^1-^0^7

etc.

nwic,

i2')D,

13C;

Sam. <TJ1^, <Tltl^; also

^Atl^
« stream,
rad.

« myi'iad.

i^,

impf.

joiifli,

<:'A>.9<?,

*^?//.


r^^r/^

Ar.

jt^

r/rt';;^

Heb.

-12D

in

Nifal,

Chald.

nsp.
///

Cognate
a net or

^^

liD, IJC; Aeth.
jjlsQjs

AWIZ^:
(^rt-r;

.9/?rt';'<?.

a holt or

pi.

j^a^.
inf.

Chald. N"iriD.

nV^w^

impf.
i

^^i

,

imper.

wj»,

^^<^^

go

up, ascend. V.
gl.
p-^-Q^

--ajo

w<7X.r

ascend,
^

bring out.


gl.

See Chald.

wimio,
pi.

\L^

(Cast ell. jjimie)

time of ascending, rising

j.asa:sc

UiliS

f.

//^^

/^A lumd.
cloth,


III.

See Chald.
:

'^^y^^.

XLL coarse
^j3jj»

sackcloth
I.

pi.

pia.

See Chald.

gl.

pD.

not used in

^^

empty, render vain and

useless.

Chald. p^D.
f.

^a-kjjc. JjLjjo
U-^-fSi
^

l^Ljj:, r^n-ijjo, empty, vain, useless

:

pi. ni.

f-

iLL-jjij.

Chald.

pnp.

"^

jliv.

.

impf.

pliiJ

,

do,
.

make.
.

See Chald.

gl.

12J?.

y-^

Ir-s^

^^'f^rk

deed or «^/,

business.

Heh.


jjik.
iiiiiit'.

60



^^

i-aii

.

pffss bij

or over.

See

Cliald.

gl.

"i^y.

^I^ijI

"""^^^j;,

ó'fl^*E! 3lllc, Hebrew.

U>ó^

^/.v

/<//
j::^^

^/A-,

w;?^//.

Comp. of

"j;,

^/^

A^* as,

till,

and
,a:I

"c.

be narrow, in grief or distress.
jj!:^
)-i'.-r
^

See Ciald.

gl.

py.

^ji^
f.

jila:^

distress,

anguish.
pi.

,_*i.^

the

eye,
Ai'.

a

fountain;

\XiL

eyes,
jy;,

\il^
Chald.

fountains.
N^^y,


,

JjI,

Aeth. OJil:

Heb.

Sam. -^^ITIV.
inf.

V:!, impf. '\ali


'V:!

V^^
gl.

part.

^J:^,

f.

i)^

,

go

in,

enter.

See Chald.

b^y.

above, upon, on, over ; in addition to;

against, etc.

See Chald.
Vil
proj).

gl.

by.

a

siibst.

signif.

the upper

part ; hence as an adv.

'\jI^
Y''^^
.

upjvards,

iifi^.

any long indef period of time,
See Chald.
gl. gl.

universe or world.
'/iL >a:I

7vith,

along with.
.

^ V^ — —
pi.

above.
eternity,

the

D^y.

See Chald.

Dy.
.-^C^v^

i'^^

a people or nation, people, a multitude ;

]'^v>^v


f.

See Chald.

gl.

cy.

piica:^
\2lL

a depth, abyss ;
)iii

jjii^ca^.

or
f,

sheep, goats.
til.,


gl.

See Chald.
gl.
]iSy.

gl.

^ry^.

See Chald.
jjiL?z
m.,

jjiL

Ijja:!

ten.

Hence
See Chald.

y^soLhl

f..

twelve

(see

^Vi.).


.

-loy.
gl.
p-^^c.

wx^.

impf. ^jsspJ

/7rt^

See Chald.

67

w^lls throw up,
of this verb
other dialects
\L>
,

vomit;
is

Chald.

^Sb.

A

more usual
it

signif.

escape, in which sense
Ar. clJil,
,

occurs

in

tiie

;

v^iJUj-,

Heb. dSd, Sam.
II.

W-J.S

,

impf.

}iaj
«>:^,

ti/r/f,

i-cturn.

_o^z

i

id.


Ar.
ripe,

^23Heb.

DJD, Chald.

">;??,

Sam. ^^^3.
decree or
appoint.

^M^^

impf.

>_cQ.L£ij

r;//',



is

(L^LJ
e.

of fruit
the date; iji
,

that ^^//Z their outer

covering

when

g.

Chald.
/^^zr/'

ppD, Sam.
poi'tion,

C^3.
pi.

1^5^, «

w
D^C);

a lot;

]^.

Ar.
Jjas
.

(joj
pi.

apiece, Chald.

{<hC),

NHliC).

Another

form

Uis.
lys

Chald.

Aeth.

l-4.:
open:

cr/^^ /o^*.

not used in
Ciiald.
kSiiD.
T
:

I.,

sepa?^ate,
^Zs^ o
^-^9,

Ar.

^-^i,
Ar.

Heb.

n^*3,

III.

deliver, save ;

O'

^lai.

Heb. ny??, TT

Chald. N'^e, i^D,
,_Ia
,

Sam. ^^113.
decree.

impf.

jIsj
-1,^©,

order, command,

Heb. 1(3B,

Chald.

Sam.
ff/?

TC^.
order, command, decree.

^^as^ ]j^as,
npiD, Sam.
..nl

Chald.

TCt3

=

Syr.

\\L^.
in

suitable, fitting,
is

useful ;

gen. used

the sense of

it

good,

fitting.

^^,

impf.
fulfil

'^o^

compensate or

;;?r/y(-<?

?//?

/br,

/?(fz^

a debt,

a vow, requite.
jJLiIjcus,

Chald. y")©.
of

_:^9as,
quital,

fulfilment

a

vow,
an

retribution,

re-

revenge.

Chald.

\vrf\B

avenger, rT'rni©,

Sam. "^rn^^, revenge.

yL^2

.

1^4^^

.

'''

word, message, decree

;

matter, thing

;

pi.

\Sjx1l2.

See Chald.

gl.

criE:-

;

68

j^.

impf.

I^ji

7vish,
''?4'

desire.

Ar. \SJo

impf.

^-y^

love

Chald. 12V,
>o^^

Sam.

impf.

>cc^,

fast.


be

m^^,
See Chald.
gl.

u\^.

y^ol a

fast.

^^

he

bright,

shine,

hot.


:

Ar.

^L^
evident

the sun, sun;

shine,
;'///^<?,

2

-^^v^- ^~»^5 ^^

^/(f?<?r,

Heb.

ny

^^^

n!i ^/^tfr,
gl.

blight, wa?'m

Chald. Hiinv polish.


N^K.

See Aeth.
p
,

O-h^"
ni.
pi.
^.Jii.^

impf.
lia:^^

p^

.

^^/2<^.

prag.

See Chald.

gl.

« prayer;

li^^^.

>o^fi

impf.

ysOfO^

be

before, precede, anticipate or be
in

be-

forehand with,

old

Engl, prevent.

III.

>c'^

;/«tfA:^

precede, do beforehand, anticipate. ^-^^
*m<?^
jy?^

^

.©Lij
.

r^r*
ji^)

r=

y^ ^r^ aivare beforehand,
brother
I

^^)

-V

>c^
aic^
^nxh

told
all

me beforehand ;

.ck^

q-dj^..*

oifiaio-^-jac

the

astronomers foretold;

ac^^

n

w/.

^

V

^,«

outran Simeon.
ai^'ive,
D-ip.,
//^^

Ar.

ItXi"

precede,
4>.c<3^.'

|*jJ

approach,

IjJ

<?•(:'

ancient;

Aeth.

Heb.

Dip, Chald.

Sam. -^i^C.
in

>o^
of

iio^

front : as an adv. before,
gl.

presence


,

See Chald.
f.

Dip.
/5"r.c/.
-

"C^^

i'Lkic,J

,

Chald.

HNC^p

,

Sam.

^A*il^C.

Aeth.

*?<^se::


«A,pj5

69


III.

not used

in

I.,

he clean or pu7'e, kohj.

^'^

consecrate.
wA-4-^,
(j-.^tXiiJt


,

P'f^^'fy^

See Chald.
f.

gl.

^ip.
holy, sacred.
4>JC.£i:

\-LJfl

l-^rJ=,

|iC.4-i.>i,


G

Ar.

or y^^jLftJI

6W;
pi.

Aeth.
i^'ip

Chald.
Sidon.).
ft

IS^njP,

Sam. -^^frlTC; Heb. Phoen.

(inscr.

Vd^ iL\

M<?

voice,

sound;

Ui".

Ar.

jll,

Jli,

<?

word, saying; Aeth.

$ A."

Heb. Phoen. ^p

(inscr. Melit.

I),

Chald. \^, Sam. 2.C,
>cu5,

itC.
m<^,
^/V/;?^'.

impf.

>calj, imper. >caj=,
<"?//,

— See
gl.

Chald. gl. Dip.

>a4uD impf. >eQ4aiJ, >a4u5
.

break.

— Ar.

"A^

cut, bite, Chald.

c^p.

^ia^uo

.

ashes.

See Chald.
lighten.

CLTp.

Vo
^.2^

be
i.

light, swift, small.
e.

V.

Vif

— See

Chald. gl. hbp.
pi.

ro'Uai,

xecpaXatov, a chapter or section;
r'//^

jlio.

]^, impf.
read.

]^.

cry, proclaim, call on,

invoke; name,

Ar.

Q;
Ar.
,

Heb.
Cjj',

N-j|"^,

Chald. N-jp, Sam.
^^-ij:?,

A'^C.

11^

rt'

gourd.
impf.

itcj.*,

Chald.

^i^,

_cc^

be near, approach,


np.
gl.D"lp.

See Chald.

.a? not used

in

I.,

be large, great, numo^ous.
f.

'See Chald. gl.22'',

-s,
subst.
ijLcjoi

i^i

,

}^?j

1^^'.

/<7/'^6',

great,

numei'ous ; as a
etc.

//^<?

headman,

chief,
;

magistrate,
pi.

not used in the sing.

llsjoV chief men, nobles,
pi.

or}?,

lio^i
j^ji

,

^^^'f

thousand, a myriad;
gi'ow.
gl.
III.

jioisV.

j^.

impf.

increase,

^^i

»««X:^

grow, rear,

educate.

See Chald.
pi.

t?31.

'^sl

f.,

U^r:?!
I"-

m., /^^/;v;

^^^h\

forty.

— SeeCh.

gl. y2"l{<.

i^L^K

lK^:^s.

A>^//-M.

- Ciiald. nNy^3-i,Sam.gAV(7l3'^.

—- 70
)-^?
.


See Chald.
gl.

iiiipf.

1

Jji

,

be anyry.

m.
flow; bestow
educate;
go,

I^^ei
]??

angei'.
Ijii,

impf.

prop,

tread,

hence go, set
study (comp.
tread,

out,

paifis

01

labour

upon,

*^"}"),

chastize.


Heb.

Ar.

^S^

stamp,

crush,

^Ss

perish;

TTn tread,

yo, rule;

Chald. «l"i flow,

spread
\rtL^

out,

plough, row, chastize, rule ; Sam.

^T^.

a journey. Also iLkjjio.
spacious;

^^Ih

be 7vide,
relieved.

have ample

roo77i ;

be

refreshed,
relieve.

V.

^-^o'

1

ndcn, expand ; refresh,

Ar.

I..r be wide, spacious, Heb.
Pi-ob.

nn,

Chald.

nn, Sam.

^t^r^S^.

"^y nn,

stands for

^y
jiw^oj,

nzi,
with

transposed from Ch.^\^ -u']
3'n"l,
ijli:^^;

(comp. ^'t'^,
'^^'^^'^

and ^|TI5'^, ^-^f'?
opp. to

-7l)-

Comp.

"^y
Jk
^

^:^i'm,

^U,
breatlj
'at

p^v^, n^, n~^^, etc.

impf.

-^c jj

.

breathe,
a
full

smell

or

_$(^/^'<?

scent;
the

from
signif.

the

drawing of

are

derived

of

'being reheved'

or

ease',

whence

III.

w.ulf

soothe

or appease; and of 'rejoicing'.
^/o;^'


I

Ar.
or

_tr, impf. «^i^»

(the

wind);

L, impf

^j

^^-j, *wt7/ any-

thing,

Heb. nnn, Chald. nnvv, Syr.^^0, Sam. ^fil'^ A;
;<?/-o/r^.

_t^, impf. ^!^T,
.„.koi^

)-Ic9^

m.

f.

breath,

the soul or spirit, the witid;

m. M<? Holy
>c*I^

Spii'it.

— See
III.

Chald. gl.
/6>z'^,

nn.
pity

impf.

>alii,'
gl.

love.

>a»Ii

)^r/y^

upon.

See Chald.
jivn^. -^vo

en"!.

compassionate, merciful.

izaii.*^:^:

compassion, merry.


^£«» not used
in

71


III.

L,

be

soft, gentle.

^h

hrood over as
Heb.
F]rin.

a

bird.

Ar.

UiL^y ^L"., be
7ne?'cifuL

soft:

\xLjJ^ compassionate,
h

be distant,

reti7'e,

depaj't.

IV. wal^zj

be re?noved,

reti7-e.

See Chald.
j-^5.
^'//ó'

gi.

pri"'.

/^''6?;

pi.

l^^y,
I.


id.

See Chald.
particip.

gl.
]:^l

ti'^'*.

j^j

throw, cast; used in

only

in the

and
gl.

|jLdj

(sometimes
\.h
^

\Lhi) V.
/'?/?^/

^.^^f

See Chald.
in trans,

{<d-i.

impf.

J^ji,

or

feed a flock;
N'y-i.

/^-^, graze.


'^I-J
,

See Chald.

gl.

impf. '^^ili
'^q-La.

^

ask, demand, entreat.

— See

Chald. gl.

^nlS'.

,

a word borrowed from the Heb.
into

^%S*!^',

which has
the

also

passed

the

other

dialects

imder

forms

fu^A.: S\^^, IXC^^^, and even into old Pers. as
shot and ^^C^yij sholman.
,

J^
let

impf.

s_calL4i,

let

go,

dis??uss,

pardon;

pei'mit ;
ZS^v)-

alone, forsake, abandon,

leave behind (comp.


of

Chald.

p2^',

Sam.

CS"*^.
Elw'i,

Hence
tlwi,

the

exclamation

Jesus
^:r\p2\i/

on

the

cross:

'kafxa

oa^ax^civr.

nDh

in':'^

^nbif.

impf,

]^,
riT'

throw,

cast;
after

Chald.
the

\^~\^.

A

secondary

formation,
the rad.

somewhat
th7^07v

manner of Shaf'el, from
>c-La.
,

(comp. DHt^,

be black, from
or

on, >al, be hot;

TW
,

be blacky

from in be dry

parched;
with

'rpii',

Vojk.

lift

up, carry, perhaps connected

Xi

id.).

.


burn.

72


sco?'ch,

Ar.

^. ^ >

^w/v/,

of

heat

and cold:

A^
j^3-»r
.,

kindle,
/<^tf/,

burn: Heb.
drought.
|

Di2l2'

/7«w^.

always with
inf.

pref.,
-

^.Jl*.)

find, be able ;

impf.

w»Lo,

oJ^Li^
impf.

,

part.

^-Tav^

iL.,

"-^XA,^

U^^

cease,

be

quiet or tranquil.
'b}i;,


tt^ii/.

Ar.

^Ll, impf. ^JLIo; Heb.
>clLi.
,

n^l^',

Chald. i^r^,
or
7vell,

impf.

>cIiLo,
III.

be
^

entire,

safe

complete

or

finished.

>ai^
gl.

»z«^^ entire, finish,

fulfil

a vow.

See Chald.
).V4.
.

o'l'li'.

)yv4^ ^^? *>y,
N1DK'.
''^jaLi.

Z/^^'

heavens, heaven.

See Chald.

gl.

^\\.A.,

impf.

/^?tf;%

obey.


Ar.

1^,
T.),

Aeth. i\.<pXi\

Heb.

Phoen.

ycK',

j;^;^'

(in'^cr.

iMelif.

Chald.

ycK/,

Sam. V^-*^, C^-^.
>

^v^A.

,

|-k!^aX

.

m.
.

f.

//^^

sun.

See Chald.

gl.

]^]2:f;

j.^

.

impf.
j.=Ljk,
.

-^L.!
1^

be beautiful, please.
M(? morning.
///'
?//;,

— See

Chald. ^\.

*)DH.

= a"

,

Vilfc.

.

impf. "\c.jLkJ.

car?v/

.

fake atray.

-~

Chald.

hpv;,
j»J
/i*^

Sam. i?-^.

firm.
.

Aeth.
,

^,L,'' found.
tendril.

5=^ 1^.
-La.)

ihz^
jil*.j.

a shoot or sprout,
loosen
or
?/////>.
111.

impf.

^j.^

(^<^j//>a

See

Chald. gl.
(for

n-wi^.

^p^).

impf.

)L*i

,

rt^W/^X-.

See Chald.

gl. kXnr.

73

— —

^z

,

impf.
//^^

i^ii ^ hreak.
ocean.

II.

ioonz

-^z^. \ pass.
gl.

See Chald.

gl, "i2n.

See Chald.

Dinn.
the

Ci, Cli, ^

c?^o?im.



gl.

Ar.

b',

whence

denom. verb
i, Li.
gl.

'IS crown; Chald. N:n; from the Pers.
..ni
,

inipf.

wsoLj
pi.

,

return, repent.


sufF.

See Chald.
gl.

Din.

^Soi

«^ ox ;

I^oi.

See Chald.

*nn.
etc.

Zoz

helom, beneath, under; with.

^-L^z^ -oioia»z,


,

See Chald.
def.

ninn.
,

C^oi
<.z

\h:;^ol

,

a worm

cate?-pillar.

See

Chald.

gl.
f.,

ny^in.

l2^z

m.,

three.

— See
gl.

Chald. gl. ntTl.

lli^z

third.

Chald. HNH^'^n, Sam.
jDH.
^''^'^-

^1
^?z^

there.


f-

-^AAlTlZA.
Hence

See Chald.

t:-"^*^,

^^'^?

\^h>l^
\Ll:tz,
f.

twelve.

^^'^'

jjiL^z

f.
,

See Chald.

gl.

pn.

\L^hz^

second.

AETHIOPIC VERSION.

<pó^4:: o:

®^i: $a: tiinh-nhC:
(D^ay\°
Ax?^:
::

-ia:

prn:

(da:?:

A^-t:

t

i w}\
:

:

(Dxh-c:^)

ii^: inc: ^a^:^) (Dn-n^:
-Jftp:: (Di^z.:pffi:«D't"?^A:
:

2

^fi^: ^a.'O ^'QP-*^:

3

•firfbZ;:

-fCAfi 'h<^ifi: "hinh-nOhC <D(DZ.s uiz.: h.FA:
xhc^z.:

(DZ.^n:
/hcpz::'^)

H^i^ij-:

-ntthi,:^)

-tcfbti:

(D-t^a:
4

(D^q: ar**: ^n^:
::

<?^fiAU<?^: -tcftif)

2i(?^iA:
(D-fi-t-:

MRA-fi/ibC
Orhc:
ti^p:

(DA<?^/tA:

MaA-nrfbC i4.: ^a?:
Qrhc:
©-r-^^i^cn:

(D^-flp:^)

^óha:
(DACU-:

/h^C<7^:

j^nQC"

^W*:

(DAotpo).:

5

T^A°cf^: -ia: Ac^^A^-tirc?^: (Dhti-vp^h-: (DiJ^s^'.wti^i

iQrhc: iTP-c^:

^<p:

ji*A.A:'')
(DC<3«:

acpc^:
(Dlrhz.::

(Dcdz.;?:

Fffi:
-jau-:
6

ar-r: ^ciu: a^pc:

(D(DZ.jc:

Hrhsz.:^) (D^aA-: <p^^:j) jpiorcp^: i-lwTi: (DAgtó:

«)p. (Di^c:
'')

")?. ii.^: uiz,:
*")

oqp:
and
P.

'^)p.

adds

"2

4^:

Yar. jh1Z,I

\\'anting- in

one

I\Is.

f) var.
»')P.
*^)

(d^d: Slav: 0'r;5^A:
>)
:

?i<?^i&:

") p.

(Doap:

JP^AA:
(DAoro

Var. HJii.JC-4::

J)Var. i^'i^f.:
:

Var.

ti<p:

h<^\^^

5

:

:

:

:

:


7

76


:

(D-i-qutv:

nn^r-tifc^: lo-: i^^ear: a)rK<?^c: no^i;

8

A.0 A

:

Fffi

::

(d^aa^

:

l°z.i : nnjii

(^"i^ ") /.^n-ti

:

H±:
9

?iYxt-: ©ce^ll-:")

iom:

(bhcph^-^:

<f^fiJ\Ki:

(DA^-fe:

iTiCD-c: (DAji-t:

-n/fbC^: (D<e^i-: ihH-n^::

a)JiftA'C^:pf:on^*E:Ai:")(DA<?^\^p:2i'2aAnrfbC:

lOAtfPA^:

^^ip)
:

m-nz.:

aftiz,:

(DP-fi::

(DACU-:

(DhJ\(PCfD

'ho^'i'^

:

ó^cor

:

")

Kia^

:

7\<?^7/i

:

Ji^zaA-fi A,c

11 'r:5^A:?ic;=: iic<^:: (DjiftAjD:
(DJif5J^•Ji:'^)

c^'i-r:

tii^: iz;a^:

o/hc:") 'hticp'.ji'tmD'ii:

a^c: (D^^iuiA:
Ai: hh<pc:')
ct^óiia:

i2^<!jnA:
arfi-r:
Hi(f^:

^a^:: (D^aA°c^: Fffi: l\"2t£: (DarccD-l*)
aihc:
(dp-jjc-7^<^
:

aihc:")

ati'i'thp:

^/tA!a<?^:

mi::

^aji::

13

(DZL^;?.:^*)

^cp:^) fi-cppii>:

<Pi-iA: (^j^q: k^t^^-i*:

14

^oaa::^) OAorpd),: W7\«<^:
(D^ayb:

rsaz.:

-n: ^laA-nrfbC:
f{^^: htKJ^:
: :

rh: a^:

Ma^:
:

^rf'^4:Ai: nn^i: i^t/t:
^c^p:

Am-P:
1

-fiTia: (DA^^z;a:
ti'iiUi
:

aoai:
:

All-

:

H^^

a,^^^

laca

^)

a)i wj^p

:

AFfa:
1)

(D(Dz.(irfl):

ora:
»') p.

aihc: (DAC^^'^j^^:") aihc::

Mss.

og

<pj.
!

••)

p.

<?^5^

»)Var. andP. l-flZ,:
P)
•J)

MaA-flffbC
'

Ai

:

One ms. adds
var. >iS(ir
:

(Dt^^^C^C

-^cv-r:
:

^ap:

i?\a<?':
I

ht^cpQfD: ^i<^:
<)

')

Var. ^-^.C-li

^) Var. ^) P.
P.

i^^ÓflA

P.

(DCDCd)-!

I

") Var. cr^óiiA.:

A?i<PC>:

'')
>

(D-t-QAa:

^) Wanting
*) P.

in

one Ms. and
:

) Var.

£^A05l

.*

(D^^iui2\

^: \"

«)var. "^nc:

") Var.

(DAC<^<P:

1

~

71

~
:(Dn^2i.:-fl^A-t-::
::

(Dwo: AMH.A-fixibCi'J'WTo-i
(p;

::

B:
i

(DAHh: ?iaH.A-nA>c: o^nz.: ^ap: Pxhin:<^)APffi:
(Difiz;:

Ff:

(DjU-i^cuj: aira:'!) ujA.-cp^A^-t-:*^)
(D&ap: Fffi:

(DUJA:
n<?^i:cap:

AA.!-^)::

ami-:^)

^OJu:

2

Aini: ^n: MaA-nrTbC: A<?^AYb: (D^a:: Aorpar^:

3

MaA-oA.c: a<?=ayxp: (D<?=^£: narn-p:") ^cuj: *a£: >^^•ip:') (D<?=^£: $ap:: 00Z.a)i: (D--p: Aa:J) afhc: (dd7*£: A-itAi: <d^^a: AOAP: tp-a: ^óoa^^: cd^'z;?-^'^):: (Da^a: 2\a:
-jn:

4 5

0\v\ a-p: cp*;cfi^::
(Doi-p:

orfliH:'")

<^f

:

J^a^: i4:ap:
c^^ap:
(p^c-c:

6

*4^:

orf-^-p:

(D-pa^<^:

(D--p:
J^i-p:
")

i^ud-p:
o/for:
A<?^fcP:

Ajc-ac")::

(D0z;;c'Tb:
?\<?='4:'?^z.'P
:

ora-p:

7

cpfai-tv:
2i<?=i:

^A(^:
[in

(Ddq^:
Oxford

<?^ac: ih^CD^P::
7,

the

Ms.

verses 5, 6, and

are as follows.

(D?ia: •Pxh'V'AYPfJiCAji:

^13: ^^(^^^(p:

Aó£i-t^:

UA-Ybj.:

rqhv'.

cp^sa^:: AfiHHi: ^jb: ?ia^: c^^ap: *a£i: ru-:
C?iap: •pijj^^J': (ir-p: i*^±-p: a^c-qc:: uxdz.;?^:
ara-p: <p^c:
•=)var.
'^)

*ft<^:

^Afh4»:

i-ih-p:

^óo:
^) Var.
»>)

ih^ol-p:

(dahf:
:
!

?\:

A^a.E: Ainzi: vhi^\
I

p.

^) *)
'')

D^n C Var. A JAP «) P. flOrfl-p Var. ^CUJ:a^A:$A:/?'^fhp: One Ms. adds 'h'i'V'. 4ÓAP: :5A;«::
and above OlflZ.
:

ÓA "P

I

Var. (STirt

\

j) p.

adds

*ap:

^)Var. litVi:
n) Var. ^f-flC:

»') Var.

(D'5HH£

:

sic.

")

One Ms.

^ÓCI

and

oniils the

next

3 words.

:


9
1

78


:

4>^<7?^ /?Cii
:

:

^*sfi^
: :

::

5\A
r)

^^ft:

:

ixi^

:

uiuAoc^

(DAl:

<?==fiA

^1+ (DA-r $a fi-fl'Tii: :

:

(D-t-a^p-:^)

KiucD-o:

A^: a^mi:
(D-fi-f:

raj^h^:

nihjJcD^p:

11

A^WP-IAMRA-flfibC" (DAHFiMILA-D/JbC: AOTAl':^)

AMz: jor^h: AFfn:
Orfi: c^^Q::
verses
fifi:
[in

<?=sc:')

(DAorifh:
these

the

edition

of

Petraeus

four

are

as

follows.

(DtH^ra^:
>icp\OAP:

AXlILA-flxibC

-JA*^:
it:

i4:p:

^--nnfti:

aa°^p:
7:
ui::

-io^a:

<p::

(d^aa:

po^it:

H\:

®:

©Aifr: n^^A: iiA^-p:
'ff'j\?:

2\ii:

a^: (DAmaró: a^::
nfhjitD^p::
(D-i-ahh:
(d-: <?^::]

na^tiHi-:

hL^vHi:

AKiRA-niibC:

(ir?\*:

uinz: ©Aor^h:
cp:

AFf:

r!
-Jii:

1

(D^i: S'a: MaA-fliibC: Je°<^:

Ff:

(D^aA-::

2

-tlwK:

(Dih-c:')

ii^: uic: ^aji:") (Dn-n^a: a><^:

3

n'n^: ^k^:') ti-n^a-rr') Whax^: hi" (di-iwa: prn: (Di^z,:ii^:n^<?=: j^aA iMaA-n/ibC: (i>ii'SA:
^Qji:^) mc:^2i-t."^) AMaA-n/fbC: a)<?=DT.c- *it^:
'A<?^Ai*i5-:

Ah'i^zc: cpmr. cp/hTZ,: lUA-n: cptóa:
uiz.:

HMc^):: (DAA*: fa?i:
P) Var.
®)

n^:«)
after

'h<^hiTi,:

Al

:

•!)

Yar.

fl^D^P-

!

^)

One Ms. omits Gf'h'P

!

One I\ls. omits these 3 words and adds APffl." *)p. (D/T<: ")p. i£T: mz.: oqp:
') p.

(DAflT/th

I

H^.^C^

:

'')
^')

One Ms. and One Ms. and

P.

-fl^"
Gfh-p
'.

'.

^) Var.
^)

^a£:
:

P.

One Ms. has AAlRA-fl/IbC:
P.

(D<?=fhTZ,:
:

Atii

<7^mi

:

<?^rhTZ,

:

lu

:

«) var.

oa^

UJA-h'.
:

OA^:."

:

:


<jA^:
(D.Ea:

79


•'j

hcifi:

cptóa:

ii^::
(Dj-inY>:

(DAiPf.:

a-oa:

ujAii^: n$A:

l--i A-i-*/\
A^jRA-firihC
:

5

i^p; cda-Oiy: nr*: ih-fK?^: cD^aF^^: iDhh-r-p:

h\(\iw<3^: (Din^: or-t-: a^p;?::
?i^:

(D<p^:

^t-uj:

6

(D-r^wA:

h<pi:

<p'ia/^:

(DAX-t-t: AAaaii-:
7

(DA-n: nr*:
(DKnitj

(Dinz,:

ori-: ap^:: (Da"^: I7w:

AJi«: (DAon^-t::') (DjBa:nA:(D2\lii:(DAAU^-:
^.

h,j£^-imu-: (\)h,<^'i^i: (Dh,je^z.DE: (D/x^fi-t-E:

^p:: (DA-n-: ur*:
A-aaA-fl/fkC:
'^az;:

OA:')
(D-j^c^:

(DA^firi: (DAcirro).

:

-jn

:

8

w- a?: A'np:

<p^nc<^:

(D^(p^:
A<;^:

HCD-fi-r:

"A^'Eirt^^^::

(D^a^:

^i-:

pa^c:

9

^^fh: 'hinhncLC
:

(D£<J=^'i^: ^^iir-^:-!-: ^p^-t^:

(D/s.iPdr

?i^^::
:

<S)Chv:
:

MiiAniftc:
:

<p°Jac<?^: 10
itith:

^ip:
'h<^u:

ifirif

7i^4:^-i-^

A^^

"hiKh-ndtd.-^)

mD:^)A^p:
::
:: ::

'ii(p:mi\c:)\<jAU<J^:mh,i-nc

A¥>p

(p:

v:
:

(D+iH

:

Fffi

:

^ap

:

^'aa

(DAHi
A^f.:

")

::

(daap

:

-ja

:

1

MaA-firhc:')

(d^a:

Ma^:

icpn:
Oi-*:

Aa:
<:?=^':

2

a-n/fbCP: (DiiJil:^)

Tfiii^:

-Pijni^Y^:
:

cftfi: t^^^p:

AAc?=c: vicp: cp/hz: Ali-: ocP-i-iriuA

0-n»;5:
''j

(j^Hiz.!-:

(Dhj?*:

(D^ifi/h:

n?iM-:

^u^::
AlO/i^:

One Ms. and P. UT Ajfi: cPT<J^: *)So P. The one Ms. has (D:

1:

Aii^
'.

:

(DA^aP-<?^:
")

the othermerely

(Da^:
'.

The

Oxf. Ms. has

©^Aflf)

:

H-fYh
nis.

W^
:

A^H^I^:
p.

•) p.

(DM
(Daapi:

One

li^ijui

"hcPi

:

Hia/i

:

*) These ^)
j)

2 words are wanling- in one Ms. Wanling in one Ms. One Ms. adds
'')

h(p\^

I

var

:

:

:

:


4

80


(D^thA?:

^-i^:
h<puic:
(Diaz.:

<J=*E^:

'h<^\S(Xp::

tiiKh-ndhC:

(Diaz.:
rf-fh-t:

Al*ii:

mc:

(Di-nz,:

iV^-t:

Ai-t:

aaa^^-:

?i^:

jiLh.: B^HiGr'i:

6

(DAHh:

MH.A-a/ibC:

iiK^'ih^:

(Da*oA:

uic. ©iUA:
:")

<p^<J^^i^: c-^fr:

AFf:™)

^i^^:

h.pAi<p^: e'hf
n'h'i't:

(D-t-zLWm:
7

Ff: ^ap:
p-a^
::

^tW'h:

A<?^/ii<p::

(DAhh: Max-arfbC: ai^j.*: 0^: (D^+a: A^^^-t:^)
ih<^ih<p: (D

8

(duj

z*:

e'^i^:

ahh: p) MaA-aifbC

ifi: ^Li,\ Ha'(D'^: (DAfh<?=<p: e^^: c^ft-: 0AiaH: (Di-«i»o^^^:'') i^t^-: (D^a: ^-ixni:
y
'h<^ii\^(xr\\

AFf:
^p^ei-:

(D£ai\-:

AiaA-aiibC:
:

APffi:

^*f.:

-t^Hi:'^) a^l-t:

iii(?=/iic?^

(D^a:') '^*: -i-in^:

10 Jifi^: A«p^'):: (D^aA-:

MaA-aifbC:

Al+:
:

'\-<^h^\

/h<P/h«P: Hli.8<:P(D-i: (DA.<l'^^:")

HAA,+ a4»oA^:
Aii^: uic:
\<^i:
z.^4.jc:

n

(DAA.!-:

'P+-::

(DAii-:^)
(D-fi-t-i-:

A^<?^fh^i:

^a^:
•aaf^::

hua(d:^^)

-aJ^:

i(DBpeK/v:^) A./\m-:>) 93^<?^:
::
::

(DPc^^tc?*: m'h'itifi:

•t/i.«<p: HP-ffi: ia.E::
•^)

\yanling- in one

i\Is.

')

Var.
:

-fVlHYl
:

'")

So

P.

— The one
p.
P.

!\Is.

(DAAA^
<?=:

:

Psl

I

C?ifr

APffl

:

(he olhor

(D/iAA°:
")
") ")
')

APffi:

c: APffi:
7\<?=^e'Ti£
•)
:

One Ms. and
One Ms. and
One Ms.

(D^-tAo:
:

^<p: ^^Ayv: A*H^:
i-^^\
P.

2\<?=;hc?^^:

Var (DUJ z,*: e:

(DAHH:

(D+4»o^o
') p.

(Dt'^po's^D
')

P.^-t^*H: ")Var.(D^aA>: Pfn:

") p.

(DHA.:

(DAlri

^')

i^fi Var. AiP^E^: Var HUA(D.:
:

^) p 'h<^y)\\i c-t^:

(D^A^,-t: }^A4:: ?iA:

>) var. a.r/i.a/ii-:

GLOSSARY.
u:

UA0:
\yS\\

conlracled
impf.

U A?',

impf.

S^M
dye

be.

PUCD-^i:
pass.

disturh, agitate.

VII.
silly,

Udr^
simple,

:

impf.

Ji^UCDii:

Ar.

t)e

ti)«-gJOo

confounded, stupified ; cogn. I,Lp, impf. ^>-^j
be excited, iSJ^\ violent (wind).

excite,

MIV. a

city;
in

pi.

K^i'hO

I^'^''

and KWh^,\~L^'\^'^ Ar.

wsuo

the dial, of

Yaman.

a:
a:
to,

for, according
(see

to,

etc.

Sign of
h),

tiie

dat.,

and also of
pron.

the accus.
suff.,
e.

Chald. gl.
II.

with

a preceding

g.

Gen.
:

7.
:

(Dl-nC:
^//^</

MaA-fl/ibC: A-flh:

}i<?^i
liim,

:

<:?=>^l'

<?=*.C'C

'^^?

made man
It

(lit.

made-

man,)

of the dust of the gi'ound.
a preceding pron.
g.
suff.,

is

likewise

used, with
genit.,
e.

to

circumscribe the
fC-fl'5:
\

'h<^i\

J?^o^: A2iA:
AiA.^'^
I

of the

blood
drea?n.

of those giants ;

— With

AAC^5

Pharaoh's
A?*: A*::

pron. suff. A.-!*::

A^: A^::
j^-f-v.'.

Ai::

A^<^\

A5il:: a?<^: a-i: or

6


\{J<^: an ox:
A-fi:
pi.

8'2

-—

KK^<^^\\
pi.

the

heart;

AAQ-fi::

An: Qfhc: ==
Cliald.
gl.

u\-zh^

the

depths of the sea.

See

zh.
clothes.

A-fl!

impf.

^A-flfi:
gl.

siibj.

JBAflfi:

put on

See

CliaM.

^Vlb.
pi.

A-fln: a dress;

AAQfi
ton-ards,

" Ar.

j^.
in
h^;).

AOA:

upon, above;

to,

against; corresp. to h^

the other dialects

(see Chald. gl.

With

suff.

AOAP:
from
exalt,

AóA^:
(bjJc).

etc.

2^<pAóA! from
is

off,

a wan P'om,


'.

Hence

formed a verb
e.

AAOA!

raise,

and

oilier

derivatives,

g.
top,

<P^<3^^

an elevated place,
over, above.
pi.
pi.

summit; adverb,

ace.

cPAóA!
AA.^:
night;

APAJB"

See Chald.
Perhaps

gl.

^5^^.

Al*:

a

hut;
in,

A.1±1".':

from

the

rad.

^'

go

enter

(comp. Sanskrit
vie).

vica-s ,

For/.o-g,

vicu-s,

from the rad.

AA*I

impf.

£A^4>:

adhere, he united. IV.
intrans.
;

AAA*: make
4.

adhere or approach, unite;
point
of,

be near or on the
III.

followed by

tlie

subj.

chap.
H\(P'.).

(DAAii.*!
Ar.

XQK:

UIZ.:

(we may supply

^3^,

ih:

ih^:

impf.

Pfh<P<?^:

^<?

afflicted,

sick.

IV.

AfhtfP<P:
(see

//^/;Y,

distress.
gi.

Ar,

l.^*.

warm,
fever,

make anxious
(^^s.):
|V^

Syr.

>c^).

*-=

//''/^v'

w^/Ay?,

anxious,

sickly.


fh^«?^!
death.
rh<?^ih<p:
/iicJ^Ci

83

distress,

disease.

— —

Ar.

IU_a.

fever,

IL^

a

goiif^d.
pi.

a ship:

Afh^^C"'

Perhaps connected with

Ji^la.

carry.

^(P^'. ashes.
itLL,l,\

be hot.

Ar. y^, Heb. in, Aram, in,
f.

-^1.

j^CI

(formed liked 11 a /),

/hCC"!

(hirriirt)

hot, scorching.

«^:

prop,

a verb

optat.
I

in

the perf.,

absit ; ihil', AH\'.
ilj

far

be

it

from
"q^
II.

thee

Ar. Jij
aa*I,
6),

\jXL,

Li-L., dLili*;

Aram,
marit.

d",
1

^
V.
//>.

^i^^
7.

(Gesenius,

Carm. Sabe
it

6.

^ITIT^VZ* it^^ far

from

thy sei'vantsl Gen. XLIV.

ih(D:

impf.

JBdbA-:

Afl^.' falsehood, a
fi^l.\

lie.

impf.

PAOrC:
Ar.

sLibj.

£/T»C: (£xfrC:) imper. /T>C:

(A-C)
an

go.

X^

return-

Hence ATCJP"

\S)^y=^

apostle.

<?^/hTC'
chap.
fh'H'fl!
(T/

space
4

or

distance,

a journey

;

2i<?'fhTZ,;

III.

=
6/"
!

"h*?^:

<?=aiTZ,::
tribe,

^^>^/y
pi.

men,

nation:

pi.

/i^hH-fl

.'.'

Ar.

jya*.,

v»>ysk.
imi)f.

fhHil

and

xhUi

PihH^:

be

sad,

soii'owfui

Ar.

^^.
AlhHH
subj.
\

fhHH

:

cough. IV.

make cough,
inf.

choke.
(for

ih^U): impf. P/hP:
//>r.

ffhPOr:
gl.

ih^Or:

/hR(D-:)

See Chald.
///^.

NTi.

£hX®^:

Ar.

g^,

iU^s..


iTifCA!
iiiipf.

84


protect,
save.

£i!b.C'4^!

stee7\

direct,

Ar.

oJ^is.

the

helm

or

rudder

(jLui^JI

^LXlw),

Aeth.

ih>A:

jPc'm/^.

VII.

'Tih'hA: or VIII. •Tih'VA:

id.

(P\

<PAfh4>:

an

anchor.

From

(^^.sJ

adhere

to,

reach

or

overtake.

^A^:

iiiipf.

JB<^AYi: rule, govern.
^<?^,

See

Cliald.
It

gl.

I'^r.

A(?=A^: '
cn't'N,

God;

pi.

A^^^^::
the

is

itself,

like

a plur. (remnant of orig. polytheism) from i^d
,

a king

which occurs

in

Himyaritic
p.

inscript.

(see
his

Rodiger's Transl. of Wellsted's Travels,
,.Versuclr', p.

398,

or

27).
impf.

<^fh^:

and

<?=>/hZ,:

^c^^iC

.'

subj.

JL<^M,\

have

mercy

or compassion upon.



:

Transp. from DPll; see

Chald. gl.

(Pf^L\

(mahhari)

compassiojiate,

merciful.

<?^mZ,T: compassion, mercy.
<?=fh^:

Ar.

x,^.
f<pifi^:
7?//^,

and

iP/h^:

impf.

f<^5i!a:

subj.

<^tv^

:

;^7V/^
r^?/',

With

sufT.

<?^fiAP

<pfiA^

:

etc.

^i:
^f-:

pe?ish.
!


aUuo,

Ar.

^j^l become put?'id

(esp. water).

^'^fif
(for

putrefaction, corruption, destruction.
?^'/^^?

^ITJ-:)
\jue\
f.

accus. <J=i::
etc.

Ar.

ace.
gl.

v.j^jje;

^,

gen.

^,

See Chald.

and Syr.

p.

^.

,


(^"i^: what?
thing.
ace.

85


not even

<^^'V\\
is

}s<^V\^y,

a

single

Another form
in

<SW (Heb. ic who?).

d^5;cn: not used except
tressed, in
<?^lJCn>:

VII.

l-cP^JfO: be afflicted, dis-

danger

:

denom. from
distress,

affliction,

danger:

pi.

<?^lJc-njP^::

Connected with Ar. i»jjó
wail the dead.
(PYlS.'.
to,

=

.U a., danger, y>jó he-

towards.

'Pf:

inipf.

^(P(SF^\

subj.

£<?^-:

^//t'.


pi.

See

Chald.

gl.

niD.

(P<SFl^\ and «P1^:
'P'iJ?^::

coll.

;Mi^<^5,

a storm;

c^^TIJ?-:
-12:

and
/7o/^^,

Prob. from a rad.

m^\

=

Chald.

which

see.

(p[)x^::

See (doa::
coll.

^oAA:
Nah.

waves,

billows;
jy^-*^

pi.

^CrflA^::
<?^^?-,

Perhaps con(Jes. VIII. 8,

nected with isj;
I.

% or
gl.

inundate

8).

See Chald.

(P{)^

'.

anger, rage.
pi.

^;b:

ivater ;
impf.

<H^^\\
subj.

See Chald.
^<Pi/^\

gl.

|"D.
turn,

<^m:

£cP^^:

bend,
VIII.
,

turn

away,

avert; bring back,
turn ,
a?vay ,

convert.

't'(P^i^\
impf.
t:»D,

turn, re,

be

converted.


Ar.

Ar. ioLo

iiA4.j

turn
«_^ifi

retire

from

,

drive off;

Heb.

Syr.

waver, shake.
(p.C'C*
^/^^

€a7'th,

land.

.Joo

clay,

mud:

Syr.

|i^

r clod of earth.
<PQii\ impf. ^<H'^'\\ measure.


(Pih'i'.
KtXi').

86


(conij).

Measure, quantity, quality, )W7'th, merit

<^iM\
vowed.

iiAJi¥>!

as

much as (whatsoever

,

all)

I have

Chap.
IV.

II.

10.

<PRK\

come, find.
§1.

K<^KK\

cause

to

come,

bring.

See Chald.
he able.

n:c,

and add

Syr.

|^

able,

-^^1

uj:

UIOA!

gentleness, clemency, pardon.
lU.

Ar.

J^^
!

be smooth, be gentle,
gracious.

level,

pardon ;

UIUA and the verb. adj. ^UIUA. gentle,
J^Lu; be kind
to.

Hence

:

W4j1:
gl.

obsol.,
Tbr\.

rn^ji: and gen. THAfi-t:: three.

See Chald.

UIA^il^: or OIA^ilX:
f.

f.

iTi'E^: or

—a: and UJA:
ÓA^
njl.
!

DIAfil-: (Ar. Iw'b) third
M/T'd',
(llie

TUA-:
UJZ;*: rise

with nouns of time, as

and AAu"!!

stin).


subj.

See Chald.

gl.

UJ*:

sackcloth;
Chald. gl. ^^.

pi.

UJ$: AW$*: AW$$^::
fUJ-O:
sacrifice.

See

wo:

inipf.

^TU(D-ó:

The Phoen.

nyiii

(inscr. 3Iassil.),

denoting a particular kind of offertliis

ing,

seems connected with

\er).
:

cPWTO:

a sacrifice;

pi.

cPOIOTó

^^^'WTód--::

C/h^

:

inipf.

JRCrh*:
gl.

suhj.

XCfh*

:

be

distant,

retire.

See Chald.
Cih-*
:

pn"^.

(form

lltS^J.

f.

Cfh4>

:

(rihhukt)

distant.

:

remote.

Cxh-*

^O"!

slo)v

to

anyer

,

forbearing
II.

^^11'^' ^CfH^^

Geseniiis,

Carm.

Saiiiaiit.

19).

IjP^'. not used. IV. KC.<P<P\ he

silent,

tranquil.

Z.P:

iiiipf.

£Z,.:

subj.

£Z,.: put

or j^lace (hence
I.

wilh

a:

or A.ÓA.' lay to

ones account, impute, chap.

14);

do or make.
C-flO: obsol.,
gl.
i?2-l.X.

/.-flD-:

and gen.

ACQ'^'t: four.

See Ch.

^•n^^:
f.

^^:

f.

^•n4'El:
/(^z/r/;^.

^^:

and ^•nó:

^•nó^:
the head:
inipf.

(Ar.
pi.

LC)

CKH:
C5iP:

ACl^n^::
subj.

See Chald.
imper.

gl.
inf.

)V^^..

^LK\

^C^^:

C^.'

C?i£: (fur

Cl^JB!) see.

Ar.
I

^!^, Heb.
obtain

TNn.
:

/.^fl

:

impf.

JBZ.^l'fl

find,

befall
7,

or

happen

to,

with ace. of the person, chap.

I.

8.

cop:

impf.

^U\'' and ^C^I
flock.

subj.
:

J^COJ!! take to pasture.

tend a

VIII.

I'Z.OP

/tw/, ^/Y/r<'^

See Chald.

:

:

but,

indeed:
:

always affixed

to

other words,

as

Al!

AAfi

<?^U!
fi<?^:
^/

impf.

^<?=*ó:

/^c'^;-.


..in

See Syr.
in

gl.

v^v^^*--

name ; fame
4,

or

renown (as

Heb. CJ^n

\l^JkN!

Gen.

VI.
IX.

ci!^"''.^':^

Num. XVI.

2,

D.:i'~"'':.nN2

p^;] Gen.

26, rather than

the tents

of Shem").

See

Chald. gl. u-^.

A^JB:

the sky, heaven:

pi.

^J"

See Chald. ^.

^^i::^'.


^P!
\n\\)L

88



Ai'.

fi'i$! rrater,

in'iyate.

^Juw
.

give to

drink,

iryate ; Heb.
(Pa"el).
aftei-.

ni^l'";

Aram.

"(p^N,

,

n *1

,

(TiC^^A

and
I'll!:

^C-^

when, nhihl:
impf.
:

-flih!

JEA-fl&l praise, glorify.
praise ,
laudation.


k\\

See Cliald
x-sXaa»,

gl. n2t^*'.

fi-fl'h't'

prayer, a

rosary.

ll>^:

inii)f.

^-flC:
(yessabar)
(e.

break.
for

VII.

l--flZ,:

pass.,

impf.

.EflCin

JB^flC." a usual

assimilation

Aeth.

g.

(DJiUJXIlflX'^:

and I

will

answer them,

(DffiQfh!

and may he celebrated) ,
J?!

wliich takes place
tlie

also before l*: Hi:
sncli

H: K\ ^\\ For
,

Arab., comp.

forms

as

oJoj

J^Ju

,

ly(\X«^

,

the kur-an, for
for the

53-^^ ''jS--^ o^Joaj, v/^JuLs,
Gram.

J=^,^
tyf Jooaj
§.
.)3,

^^^oj
,

,

in

'jC^-,

^j^y-^-^?
edit.

Heb., see Gesenius"
gl.

16.

See Chald.

iin.
is

-flK!
f.

coil,

man, inankind, people (a single individ.

•flh,:

-nTiai-:).
impf.
!

fl^l."

f-fl^.'

imper.

-fl^l! proclaim, preach.

n'fl^l'l'

jiroclamation, preachiny.

P:
gl.

impf.

f-t:
day,

snhj.

f fi^
day

:

^/;7>//.

See

Chald.

NnB'.

J-JB

!

Mr

ne.vt

the

after:

the

second day of

the week.

•li*: the
refers
r(?/?</,

ne.vt day.

Ili'ild".'

ne.vt

day
^^;.li),

(the fern,
f-

siiff.

to

OA^I).
""r^,
f.

Ar.

^LS

(viilg.

iujlj.

-?^-

Heb.

n^:*^'.

ilhA

:

from the Heb. ^INI^.

See Syr.

gl.

"^a-..*..


tihi'. impf.

89


walk.

f>?i1:

l?e

tinable.

drO):

not used.
:


Syr.

7i?j^0:

Heb.

xti'ir

lead.

2i?jflil

cull,

animals, cattle.
|>Js^j.L

Comp. Ar. kx^Lo from
wealth
i^n,

^^i^ walk ;
herds),

goods,
C/ll
/-^/^

(orig.

flocks,
j:n"]

from ^ois
V.

(Aeth.

Heb.

Chald.

Sam.
/Il<:P:

^V^,

^m^A)

not used.

VII 'Vtv^(P\ he plunged

in,

ijiunersed,

submerged.

^AA

niipf.

£*A.A.

:

subj.

^4»AA

:

be light,
light,

easy.
despise.

IV.

A^AA

!

lighten,

make easy ; hold

See Chald. gi

i^^p.

*A^: an abyss; pi. $Af^:: ^UTA: impf. £^W4i: lash, scourge,
<:^^UJ4t^: a blow or

chastize.

stiipe, chastisement ; pi.

— i*^!!
h'^>^,

^A:
3* A.!

impf.

£*^A.:

^///.

—^

Ar. jui, Heb. ^C|?, Aram.

^^^ voice, sound.

See Syr.
in front,

gl.

vl.
anticipate.

^^(f^\ impf. £4»JC"<?^: be

precede,


in

See Syr.

gl.

>o,-d.

^^<P\

the beginning ; adverb, ace.
of,

^^(P\

in /ront,
etc.

p?'esence

before;

with

suff.

4».C"<^^.'

Ar.

Ijjj olden

time,

Heb. Dip.,

Syr.

]^^,

Chald.

j'Dlp,

Sam. -^TC.
^yip^\ adv. before, formerly; H^^*'^: foi'mer.
Chald.

Dnp,

Syr.

>a-.^^;

Ar.

jvjJo

o/</,

ancient,

eternal ; Heb. C"!^ /^^ front, the east.


^Ti<J^:

90


^^'.
f.

*i?c??*E:

and

<^*E^: and

-

«l>omo: not used. VIII. -t-^^o^D

:

inipf.

^^$nio:
Comp.

be indig-

nant at,

disgusted nth.
his
I'-ip.

-V^^y}^', i^tt'. he was
IV. 8.

weary of
Heb. Dip,
•po/lZ,!

life,

cliap.


w^ai

*illfli:

and

hedge

in,

sf/rroi/nd.

Ar.

set

limits

to,

re-

Strain, imprison, shorten,

cut shoi't;
radicals,

^oj

be

short;

Heb.

^i»*p,

"lip.

Cognate

ih/iZ,!

>.<r\n>,

Ja^,

Chald. ni:n.

^/?C:
G"
'

^/

hedge,

wall; castle.
"^^'n

Ar. ycLi
.

a castle:
ff

cognate words, Heb.
Sjjdo-s.

a cou7'tyard,
Chald. N^piD-

Lo-s»

fortress,

' cattle-pen,

in

n:
fl!
///,

<?/

or near,

by, with,
is

etc.


we

See Chald. ^.

D.
\

•nUA

:

:

This

verb
in

very

irreg.

The

perf.

-flUA
oppose.
s.

is

only

used

the
,

sense

of contradict ,
find

In

the signif. of say

speak,

as
1
f.

perf.

3

m.
pi.
f.

fft:
3 m.
^fl>
; I

f.

^n.:

2
f.

m.

^a:
2

f.

^aA.:
i-ftA:

m.

f.

2in.:
1

£fbA:
The

£0.4:
!

ni.

^ftA:

m.

A

however
take

reappears
suff.
: ,

in

the apocopated

forms
Imperf.

when

they

a

as

JBIAi.!

JBftA'!:

£-flA:

siibj.

JEflA

imper.

HA:
^^/^^

inf.

-OVA::
one an-

IV.

aha: Vn. -t-nUA:
fflAó
gl.

ix.

-TQUA:

to

other,

contradict one another, dispute.
!

flAUI impf.

siibj.

^'OAD!

swallow, eat.

devour.

See Chald.

y72.

;


QfhCI the sea,
a lake,
''

91


five?'
(coiiip.

a
.

Uwye

c,

Ij);

j)l.

A-fl^C
•fl/h>C:

.'

Ar. j,sxj

a

count?')/,

?iatio?i ;

pi.

'i\&hLx^\

and fl'hCD'C^::

Ar. Ss-S!o.

n^poA:

and fl^A!

inipf.

^n^A.." shoot forth,
,

sp?'Out.

Ar. JlL.

Hence R^A." a pkrnt

Ar. JlL,
difficult.

Syr. jLos.

•flJi: impf. ^-ftlifi: be bad, ?vicked,
or IX.
gl.

VIII. -t-IlAA:

lA:
^i\(SrK\

use

viole?ice,

st?ive, fight.

See Ch.

ti''N2.

•fl?i.; a ma?i, a pe?'so}.

'fl^.^! a ?voma?.
imper.

pa:

impf.

subj.

^Q^:
*b

QA:

^/^/<?n

IV.

A-flA" Heb.

N"i2,

Ar.

I'eturn.

n'H'?! ^^ ?mme?'0us.
flH-'?:

(form
^/#^

1153^),

f.

-flll^i:

(bizziikht)

7?nich,

??iany.

fl."

/>«55 impf.
ft-t"

?iiffht.


impf.

Ar. <i>b,
za.:i],

impf.

oyu.J,

Aram. n3,

ni2^ h2,
« house,
n2,
pi.

A^,

impf.

AfH^m.
ouo
,

!

te??iple ;

pi.

A-fllf l'

!."

Ar.

Heb.

n"*?,

Plioen.

cnD

(inscr.

Sidon.),

Aram.

Nn;>2,

NH^a,

nj2i

:

bet?vee?i,

a?no?i(j ;

for,

o?i

account
j».aj

of.


,

Ar.

^jo

inie?'val^

from rX^ be separate,

bet?vee?i

amo?ig
with
or

Heb.

]^2,

Aram.

^2,

|i3,

'^Hl^.

Usually
of,

comp.

'K<^\ "h^-fl^i." because, on accou?it

co?icer?ii?ig ;

ni Afl^i! and flfUKfl*:
of (comp.
the forms in Heb.

bet?veen,

a??io?ig,

on accou?it
'J^a, nj^2,

1^3,

n")Ji2,

Aram.

nio:

tf

^/«6'^/?;

pi.

aq^o::

f.

m^i-:

pi.

aq-ici^::


n/t/h:
impf.

92


come
to,

^flirih:

subj.

f-nHfh:

reach

to;

happen.

qoa:

vo)v.
.'

-n^A^

a vow.
-t:

d'/hl'

;

unde?-,

adv.

do?im.

fl tb/h-t:
gl.

;

helow,

beneath

:

Ar.

c>-sxj
•t-CftJfi:

^.

See Chald.

mnn.

l^^'^in,

Tartessus.

•t-HiW. impf. Ji-fe^H: ^^ *«</, grieved.

^^"H

I

(/rief,

sorrow.

'i:

^A.^! impf. P'JA4»:
(a

/r//A

peiish.


/?'^/,,

Ar.

(^JLi.

/v**:"

worn out

dress).

^AZLI

impf. P'JA4^!
F]t5n.
'/',

yM^*^ ^y,

or

away, perish.

Heb.
"Jfl.
!

^<?^

/W/^;

near; according

to.

With

sufF.

"JftP! etc.

JflZ^: and J-fl^: be united.
fifbC

See Chald.

gl.

^2"
together.

(form lia':) united; adv. ace.

'ifbZ,.'

•JP:
-iJii:

impf.
impf.

Ji-Ji:
P'JJC-'i:

^(?

<^^'//«^;%

preferable.

siibj.

.2^K-T. leave, forsake.
i.

^^R-li:
subside,

QfhC' that the sea may leave us,

e.

may

go down.

-i^h:

imj)f.

V-i'i^'h:

not to find, not to have.

VII.

-t-^^A:

not to be found, be concealed,
scond.

withdraw secretly, ab|

Ar.

^J^i^

and

I

U^

))uss

o tie's

aim

in

shooting, wlience ^ia=>

go astray,

sin, "^^tk'.

a sinner;

:


arid thou
thing),

93


<':'i

Heb. N::n (conip. espec. Job V. 24. x::nn
shalf

?]iJ

n"]p.?l

survey thy flocks

and not miss any-

Aram.

N::n, uL.,

A^^,
i:

ITI^^.

J-.'

enclitic
enciit.

interrog.
part.

particle.

Chap.

I.

6,

II.

5,

IV.

'i.

4.

\.\

^<?,

also, even.

1^4:

impf.

Ji^ihC:

^//^A<".

Ar.

lixj,

Syr.

j-Ij;

Heb.

in^

//^^

snorting of a horse.

iWA:

impf.

£iW?i:

siibj.

flUi:^

:

imper.
<»//>,

lUlK:
awake

///^

^y^,

^^/A-^,

receive.
,

IV.
the VII.

AIWA!
dead
:

///?

or rouse,
pass.

excite

raise
rise.

wlience
^^
Ar.

is

formed as
IX.

-rlWA:
rise

-fiWA!

/^//^t-/^

-ffWA:
up;

up

against,

rcljcl.
Nii':,

Lió

rise,

g?'Ofv

Heb.
iiiiis,

^<ii'J,

Aram.

A^**^ (Pa"el,
15).

uprear,

Gese-

Carm. Samarit. XII.
££ri5i! repent
of,

iih:
iC\1'.

impf.
1)olt

regret.

a door.
:

(P'i^^

or <3^1fil

:

a bolt:
Ar.

pi.

cPf^i^
r^/^^/,

:

i^O:

i^(?

<^/y?,

gape.

«jij

tear,

Heb. yp:;
*aj «/;^o/

Aram, yp;, jlai, «
of stagnant water).

^//Vc/^

(i^O: a

fountain,

1^0^:
JflZ,!

<?

'/<'/?,

fissure.

impf.

fiilC'
^/

AvV,

remain, dwell.
pi.

<P?nC:
1*jLc,
pi.

w//,
jjIavo,

throne;
<^/

d^f-flC

!

^f-nC^"
<y

Ar.

raised seat, spec.

pulpit.

_


inn:
impf.

94


f.

jBi-n-n: speak.
pi.

ia^:

a

prophet;

iaP^"

iO^^

!

or

iM^

\\

Hence
Chald.

inP
gl.

!

prophesy, ^^flLi^: « prophecy.

— —

See

^'2J.
pi.

CWE:

<?

^n'/Zw;

C"W:

(for


Gr.

JCD-P^:).
vavrr^c.

Ar.

^^y, pi. ^5J*^y5 ^''^ii^: il^: rn:ij, VZ/^m//.
12i.' impf.
^'i'hli'.

From

be small, young.
na'p),
f.

lli-:
(as
if

(form

12\fi^:
small,

(ni " ust)

and
In

i\tv\

from a masc.
inscr.

iis.fi!)

young.

the

Him-

yaritic

CN3 (Rodiger's Transl.

of Wellsted's Tra-

vels,

p.

384).

C<:p:

impf.

^i®'<^\

snbj.

^h<^\

sleep.

IV. K^KP'.

impf.

JPia)'(p: w'/^^ sleep.


pi.

Ar.

*b, Heb. CJ,
imple?nents,

Syr. >ai.

"iTPI

(7////

vtensil ,
pi.

pot or vessel,

apparatus,

wealth',

"iTP^::
f.

Jo: or i^: ^ow^.^
illU:
impf.

^^:

m. "Jo:
king.

f.

1^::
Ar.

PilW:

r<?/]$;'/^

<^<?

JL^

drive,

chase, hunt; Heb.

ti'jJ.

-T

17-W: (form-is^),

^/

/^7>?^; pi.

ilW^I

f.

I-^W^.' (niggust),
form
to

« queen;

pi.

1'3Wd'^ " From

anullier

i3m:
the

(he

Arabs have derived the name they give
of Aethiopia,

kings

^livlll.
tell,

ni^\
ilK'.

imjif.

^ilV.
Pi*?.?".'

relate.

impf.

set out on

a journey,
7

depart.

Syr.
s^i!^

^
^£o^

draw,

also go, as .John Xl.

(ed.

Bernstein)
to

?ok^

"^iP come,

let

us

go again

Judaea

(see


Chald.
gl.

95


Germ,
in

under

"13J);
Ital.

comp.
trarre.

ein

anderes

Land
i'^tv'.

Ziehen,
,

and

hreaih

the

soul,

life;

i4tilP!

/

myself.

See

Chald. gl. ^^^,
i4.f1: the mind:
pi.

iASv^W
a:

is..'

not.

When

pref.

to
it

any

part
it

of a
into

verb
P."

commencing
as h.JP2i<:?^C:
slu/ll

with the

letter

A:

converts

he did not know
not have pity F
Job. XXII.

(for

KhtxcPl,:), A..Ecp/h!a:

I

[for

^^^(pti^'.).


pi.

Heb.

">N

(e.

g.

ippN

30, "112D-\X; comp.

A.O-flF:

humility).

}iA::

See h::
'.

?iA4^

ten

thousand,
Heb.

a

myi-iad;

AifiA4t

!

A'AA.4.^

Ar.
sign,
to

u2?,

F)bN,

Aram. ND^.S, j4^%
which
sense
2iA.-4^:

A3ZA,

all

a thousand,

in

seems also

be employed.

'K<P\ if


\

See Chald.

gl.

dn.
etc.
;

Ji^

!

'K<Pi
than.

from, away from, out of of

after

an

adj.

See Chald.

gl.

p.
IV.
,

K<Pl,\ impf.

^K<PC'

point out, show.

KK<^1,\ know,
impf.

be able (comp. Turk.

dUi? bilmek

Fr. savoir),

.PAc?^c: subj. jp?icpc::

Jicp-l*:: See (ir^*::
A<?^i
:

/rwi-^,

believe,

believe in

(witli

II

:

)

,

n'^^.^r/

^/.v

tinie.

VIII.

•t'A<J'i:

/rw.?/ /o

or

confide in,

believe.

See

Chald. gl. pt<.

K<^\

ipx,

Amen.


ti<^i::
titK^'. 7\fiVi:

96


till;

See 'h<^::
('snia), /'or,

hccmise.

('ska),

to,

up

to,

as far as,
that.

adv. and conj.

u?itil,

that,

in

order

Comp. Ar. ^cs..
perish (comp.

Al":

impf.

PA-*:
die;
is

depart,
^^cuo go,

Heb.
/^^

T]^n

go,

Ar.
/«>

ilUL^

idxA^

^^.ójo

has gone

7vay
is

,

dead\
etc.).

jb, Turk,

ó^
impf.

gitmek, our

own

he

gone,

IV.

AJi
off'.
it

:

J^A^:
pi.

cause to

depart, remove, take
hi'.

J;

with the

enc'lit.

fi'.

becomes

A^!!

^^ill See

Chald. gl.
tx'itifi'.:

kSJt<.

See

orCD::
pi.

tii^K'. a gate, door;
nected with ift>D
:

hC^K"
cleft,

From a

rad.

i^R'. conetc.

be

J^Jij,

2p: pierce,

(conii).

"h^rllA!

and H2\lflA: prep, and
unless,
is

conj.

mthout,
latter

besides,

exthis

cept,

before

that.
s ^

Tlie
state,

member of

comp. word

obscure

(Jb

cotdition?):,

the forli(.
it

mer
is

is

clearly
in
is

pN

?iot

(comp. 'Al'flP;

or 2i1fi:

not
it

me, /
not

?vont , 'h'i'i\V\

-H^A: refuse; ?i^^^!
or
opinion,'

lit.

my knowledge
m.

perchance,

perhaps).

Alt-: thou,
gl.

f.

Al-t:

pi.

Al<?^:

f.

A^^l:: See

Chald.

n:x.
;M/r//.
etc.

Al:

f.

See

H"

Hence 'Ki^KV. —H\\

etc.

7mne,
o;?

thine,

n5\1:
etc.

/<>r,

on account of; fl2i1i:AP:
'pit'S

7ny account,

(comp.

and

'?^"|2)-

?il^: M^;^

therefore^


tkYJ'.

97


preceded

then,
endit.

therefore;

usually

by

the

iiiterrog.

i-W

A'O:

not.

A^P:

impf.

PA^:

be bad, wicked.
pi.

K^JB: wickedness ;
?i^.E: (form
as (jdjo,
evil,
pi.

'hSl^^W
f.

-ns':) wicked,

2\^
for

:

(ikk"it,

for2i!O.E-:
subsf.

of (jójut white,

yó-o), as a

a misfortune. See oarpo)::

a®P(d::

AHH!
In

impf.

JB^*H"H: order, coinmand.
Himyaritic inscr.
ttn*

VIII.

I'AHH:

obey.

the

(Rodiger's Transl. of Well-

sted's

Travels, p.

380).

A^:

who, which, what? A£"t: where? whither? KcpA^-t!

whence?

See Chald.^

gl.

\s,

|N.

h.P'A: lonnrj, Joppa.
AJ^: the hand, with
sufT. 2iJ&U-:
-,,.

etc.

pi.

"hJfdr: and A?i:c(ir

"

See Chald.

gl.
pi.

MC: M^
vulg.

A^/;
dial,

Lie: and KK^O'.
h'p^,

Ar.

jk^

(in

the
IL^?,

of Syria U^j.), Heb.

Aram. N^Jl,

MaA-fiiibC::

See

iha::

i:
!ftVh.:
(k'le)
f.

m.

f.,

^Ah.'t: m., 5lA/-t:

f.

//^'^.

Ar.

"is,

Iii5',

Ujy,

-^<?//^-

Heb.
\

C^N^^
I

//^-^

thinys

of

different sorts.
•jnP-A:

Hence ^\^'h

f.

"aAK^

other, another.

ace.

\^hp
gl.

\

the totality, the whole ;

all,

whole.

— See

Chald.

^z.


Vi<P'.
as,
is

98
iu


in

like-,

conj.

f/tat,

order that,
as ^c?':

which sense

i(

followed

by

the

subj.,

JP^Ait: ih<PC<^:
ship.

in

order that they might lighten their
to,

HHKP',

according

as.

See Chald.
^

gl.

r.

H\OP\

the belly, the hold of a ship.

— See
p^-;^,

Syr. gl.
p^"^.,

^^s.
J^jt^');

¥lll5: ace.
Tll-t-:

mii-: what
and fl^l-t:
subj.

is
/;^

vain or futile (^zn,
tr///^

(pn,

>SlIi'*'p).

Oi:

impf.

f^Or^:
has
the

£>^:
after

^^, ^^cw/^<?.
i(;

Like Ar. ^(?,

^i:

accus.
(not
: !

e.

g.

(Dl7-W£: KK<P\
^i-ui: (not

^i: cpf^:*:

-4>:) hS>i\
(7/i<;?

^;?.u-:
,

—w

!

)

5i<?^Ji2iI

M^
Eryc.

kiiig

if he
time.

become a
Ar.
3, 4,

heretic, is

no longer king from that
impf.


1.

rM^
etc.

Phoen.
Sidon.
]12
is

]r,
1.

p^

(inscr.

1.

3,

Massil.
signif.

8),

Sjt

^.
Fr.

The

orig.

of the rad.

be erect, stand; comp. Sanskrit stha, stare, with

Pers.

oJL^

(is),

etre (old

esti^e).

Span, estar.

(D:

and;
as

it

must
I.

sometimes
11.
///^;^

be

transl.

by

in
:

order that,

chap.

<^^±\
*/^ó'//
;?'^

'KViV',

lz;i\l

(Df "SJC-li

:

QftiC-

?^'/^<^/

do

unto

thee that the
it

sea

may
ed

subside

(Ht.

leave us)7 in .which case
:

is

follow-

l)y

the subj., as

and

^

in

Arabic.

U)A.l»: impf.

JicDA^:
-i^j,

subj. fAJ?*:

beget, bring forth.

Arab.

'iXJy

Heb.

Ai-am. iv?;,
in

^^

TifH.
pi.

(S)S^'.

a son, and
-^j,

gen. a boy, youth;

drA-JC'.':

Ar. jj^, Heb.

-ijr^,

Aram.

Ip!:^'^

'^l(H.

— (DA^:

;


(for

99


pi.

(DA-C-^:)

a daughter, a girl;

ATA.l^^: and

ATAJ?-::
(D-fhH:
inipf.

£(D-;h*H: subj.

PihH:

flow.

(DZ,®: impf.
(DZ:J?:

£«^:
^(DC^:

throw.


c>y^

Heb. rr\\
imper.

impf.

subj. ^/^J?-:
,

U^\ go

down,

de-

scend. of ^<?
(D'fl't':


/<?

Heb. "n^
?n>?^,
on,

Ar.

3'J^

gen. in the restricted sense
or

^Qt

©Qf
suff.

^j^ o'^.
(D'fi'tr^'::

in,

into,

upon;

with

n®fi"t*:
interior,

G
ivithin.

u

Connected with
in

a)'fi^:

ia,^'

the

^j1^

the midst of.

Or^m:
(Srh-^;

impf. JBCD-'S^: subj.
f.

P-!?^: swallow.
?/;
pi.

f^-t:

/id?,

*//^,
f.

m.

(D-K-i-<?^:

f.

(D-Ti-i-lF:

and m. 'K<^'i'^\
See Chald.
gl.

Ji^l*:

(comp.

Chald.

pan).

Nin.

(DOAI

impf.

J?a)'OA^!

pass
pi.

tlie

day.

óA"!
(D-OP:

a day ;

OAtt""
pi.

c?=OA.l-:

and *PDA^: a day;
Jid)-^:
subj.

^TóA"
^«;7i^.

impf.

POJB:

^^

IV.

Aorup:

impf. J*(D"'^: (yawe'i) subj.

f

0)*^:

(yaw'f), burn, scorcli.

00 a:

impf.

£(D07\:
impf.
XIII.

subj. ^^'K'.

imper. ^Til
J'CD'Oli:

go

out.

IV.

AOTóA:
out,

JCDOh:

subj.

bring out,

cast

emit.

Kivt^^K'. bring out piece by
lay out money.

piece,
iL^.

in succession,

See Syr.

gl.

o:
'^A^P
;

any period of undefined

letigth,

eternity,
gl.

the ivorld

pi.

'^A^^:
impf.

ages.

See Chald.
unjustly.

z^^.

\}<P^\

JB^<?^0:

act

Heb.

Dcn

injure,

,


saurus
;

100


(see Gesenius'

oppress, y^in, }'lDn an opjtressor

The-

and
.'

as
Z3.n

to

the

interchange

of
<Xo-=»

:

and

n

comp. 4^11
dern Syr.
Jill

he hungry,

09^:

reap),

moI.

^v-v

[Rodig-er's
)j_j>^

Clirestom.
}J

Syr.

p.
:

139.

5.

v^^/>^^

^i

>

i^s>

,

a])parently

that Satan
?^^'^
'''^]-

may not
0<^9I

violently inflict injury

(Pers.

injustice,

wickedness.

^j'^j)

Heb. ccn.
^^v^.

^WC:

obsol.,

^W4.: ^WC: and
gl.

gen. OUJC't':


rest.

See Chald.

icy.
suhj.

do:
DZ^A!

impf.

POa:

£0^=2:
^^

rt-^^?^.
^^//^/,


stop,

Ar.

„"^l.

not used.

IV. Av^Z,A-!

remain,

<^<)ln^'. place at which to stop,place ofrest ; section, chapter.

Dn
OP:

:

hire.

IX.

-t^ft:
rarely

hire.

impf.

PO.:

f^.:

subj.

^ó,:

imper.

Oil!

repay, requite ; perform,

fulfil

a
,

^'0^v.

O^fll

impf.

P04»'fl! watch,
\^S{.

obsei've

keep, guai'd, preespec.
?viles).

serve.
evil
2|^57

•t'U^fi:

7vatch

narro?vly,

with

an

design (whence (P^^'fi'.
lie

snares,
or

Heb.

in

wait for,

deceive

circumvent,

nsp

J7

craft,

jvile.

ó-nz^*E
D-flP
:

:

n^y

,

Hebreiv.

he great, large.

Heb. rcj; he thick, dense, fat (Sara.

^SV),

rr; thicken, condense, Syr. .^v harden one's heart.
f.

Oa^:
un^'l-:

DO J?:
f.

^/w//,

/^/;-y^;

pi.

m.

Oajl:

and

Dnj»^::
/fiV^,

DlnZi!

<7

/(r/;'_$/r

a

wonl
((he

used

to

express
in

the

Gr.

y.rjTog.

Ar.

l,j^

form

OlnC^

Aeth. seems

doubtful).

101


— Connected
^y^i,

OlflH.' faint, he fahii, fainthearied, despond.

with ^jIwI be dark, ^jLjL faint twilight (conip. ^^^,

D(I>-P(D:

impf.

POE:

cry

out,

lament.

~

3.

Ar.

^"^ howl
Mit<);

^^t
\L^^

(jjt
I

the jackal (Heb. Di\y from a rad.
)o]o.

Syr.

o

and

^^:

^r>

round.


:

Heb.

-ilj?

sun^ound.
aLJLLa.).
III.

Hence Oars':

«

circle,

an assembly (comp.
^/>r«^/^.

<?^ÓT^:

The passage chap.
:

(D<?^óTS: *iS•^:
expressed,

Tic^^Al^/C"
since the

AAl*^

seems

inaccurately

words 2\<pA^*/C:
a straight
line

KKi^K\

imply measureto

ment

in

from one side
pi.

the other.

U£l:
<)^\

the eye, a fountain;

K<3^V\^\'. See Syr. gl.

a man,
pi.

as

opposed

to

Kitv\^\

(anest)

a

,^. woman;

ósor::

Ul:
^K(S>'.

impf.

POl"!
POA-:
(c-»ai.l,

surround.
close,
shut.

impf

Ar. l.^.^
the eyelids.

bi?id

up a

wound;
<)S(Sr'.

Heb. n^j;,
f.

<7/<?^^

(form "la'p)
used.
IX.

CjA-^*: closed, shut.

Oe0:

not

+^00):

impf

f^^eor:

cast

lots.

Denom. from

0^
[for

:

a tree
purposes

(also

M^

c?'oss

or gallows),
the

wood,
to

a

lot

of

divination

Arabs used
pieces

employ
wood,

small unfeathered

arrows,

or

similar

of

with certain marks upon them;

comp. Ezecli. XXI. 26,
art.

and
a

see

Gesenius

Thesaurus,
yg^

DCp].

Ar. Laox.
T>

staff,

spear, Heb.

a

tree,

wood (comp. Phoen.
1.

wood

=

Heb.

nj;;;,

inscr.

Tugg.

6.

'^.i^'

CLl'^Tin the

:


cutters
tine,

102


;

of wood,

i.

e.

carpenters

according

to

AugustaL-c.

iar)\

Aram.

j;n,

Ny,

AV, ^V,

alsoNC^p,

D^P:

p}-oduce wo7'ms. Denom. from

<3'^\

a ?vorm, maygot,

cate?'pillar ;

pi.

óSJP^II

h:
H:
f.

"h"?!*:

who, which, (hat;

pi.

m.
it

f.

'KS.W Like the cog-

nate ~ in the Aram,
the genit.,

dialects,

is

used

to cii^cumscribe

as

^1A<^V' }A^%^\ a psalm of
©H^J'i^^l:
a
!

David,

<^L\ W^^^W
righteous
this
is

description
T^l-t
is
.'

of the

and of

sinners,

"HA^^i?

MlA-fliCi
used as
a

the gate

conj.

thai.


f.

of the Lord.
gl.
pi.

It

also

See Chald.
this,

n.
in.

*HI accus.

H!

H:

that;

}iA-:

f.

'KW. Hence

TL<P*H: thus, 'K<^^\ after
"Hl-t: ace. Hl-t:
ace.
f.

this.

H-t: arc.

H:

this,

that;

pi.

m. "hA"?*:

-1-:

f.

^iA^-t: ace.
f.


-

-t-"
pi.

"H^: and H^-t
and ^iA^-tl
comp.
-

ace. ace.
13,



f.

!•:

m.

this,

that;
these

?\A.^:

•t' !:

With
b),

different

forms
^
f.

Ar.
pi.

i

^

^

^b
p.

(.Js,

pi.

&^LI;

J 13,

Jb, dLo,

JLjSI^I:

Hiniyar. inscr.

"i

(Rodiger's Transl. of Wellsted's
ji
Qj.

Travels,
f.

384, 388, 398),
n^?T,

398); Heb. m.
Phoen.
1,

ni,

IT,

rit,

m. f
syth
f.

ii,

pi.

\s%

ns^';
I.

m.

f

(inscr. Sidon.),

(Plant. Poenul.
f.

1),

jt

(ijiscr.

Sidon.);

Aram, n, ^T, "^,
'^n;
in
p.

n",

'^X
f.

"1»
wXT

P'-

j'^.i^N

^miA,
H¥l^:
impf.

the Egj'pt.

dial.

>•,

(Gesenius,

Munum. Phoen.

242).

JiHM:

subj.

f*H^C:

rememljcr,

Ijc

VIII.

'I'H^C

remember,

recollect.

— See

mindful of

Chald. gl. idi.

103

p:

P^l:

the right side, light hand.
impf.

See Chald.

gl.

|id\
gl.

P-n

:

XT-flfi
the

:

dry
land.

up, wither.

See

Cliald.

^Z\

P-ftii:

dry

P'fn: hovac, Jonah.

^'K'tW

See (Sfh-t^W
?w?v.

f?iK:

-

Comp. of £2i:
denoting
ti?ne,

=

t^Ti

this

(as in ^Ji-t:),
in
TN,

and a

subst.

which

appears

(he

Ar.

ó|, fjj,

?^'//<?/?,

d^lXjkSi^ then,

dljj^ M^«, Heb.

Aram.

p.N, ^iTlTA, and

Aelh.

^?iH: when?

x:

X(p:
S.fl.'

blood.

See Chald.

gl.

ci.
lELfLU-!
etc.
"li:::?;

above, upon,

on; with
pi.

siiff.

iC-flC."

a mountain;

AJCQCi! Sam. '^^^, Heb.
"^^"C

con-

nected with Chald.

(see Chald.

^^.
,

^^i\
X\<P\

he

safe,

sound.

IV.

K^^i'. save, jyreseive

impf.

^^^V,
impf.
T

(yadekhen),
Ji-R"!*?^:

siibj.

^^^V.

(yadkhen).
reiterate

^0

again,

repeat,

(comp.

n::'',
T T

N:in).
:

-^

^1<?^I second; adv. ace. .CI^p: r second time, again.

X1CV^\ and

— <^^:

f.

— £^T^-:
i:

-c^:

;y^6"<?;?</.

l-nZ.:

impf.

Jil-nC: subj. Jiinc:

act, do,

ivork.

Ar.

"S^
"1?^,

set a broken limb,

strengthen;

Heb.

~D^,

Aram.
comp.

^S1[, r^-^1,

^^'

strong.

As

to

the form,

r :


Ar. J^^x act, do,
jCJL theonj.
"Z-flC"
gl.
rt-

104


Jc^
practice,
as
opp.
to
pi.

^^llence

^A/i'*?

or

servant;

Al-flC^.':

See Chald.

iz:.

•TIQC'
<?^'3QC*

/"/W^, occupation.
z*^'^^

<>/ acting,

conduct, acta,

j'es

gestae;

pi.

*iPI

impf.
?^^?,^,

JBjII:

(^<:'

humble or submissive to,

serve
spirit.

or
IX.

praise and thank

God

in

a humble
sins,

•tDiP! humble onesself, confess one's
to

give thanks
/?///

God.

Ai\

U^,
,

III.

bLs>,
doivn.

VI.

ULsDo,

;?r^-

sirate,

Aram.

^<::i

ji,^^ //t'

lUZ,!

and ló^.' r;y
vLs.

out,

esp.

from

pain,

g?'oan.

Ar.

cry

out,

Heb.

"i;;:,

Syr.

j£^. chide.

T^C'. outcrg, groaning.
**HA!.'

A

common
rule;

verb

in

Amliaric

in

the form
((ransl.

1H\ posof

sess,
sted's

also
p.

found by

Rodiger

Well-

Travels,

398)

in

the Himyaritic

inscr.

under

the form n*;.

MH.2i: a

ruler ov master ; voc.
'.

Kia^"
As
to
its

pi.

AD2i*H^:
:

and sometimes K^htrXr
(lit.

\

Hence KlBLA'flxibC

God

the

Lord of
to

(he Earth).

form, A'iaJi

seems related
Arab.,

the intensive adj.

of the form JJlI in Zirx,

of which
in

formation

~\\Zii,

and

|iTN,

are

remnants

Heb.
1

IKIu'. impf ^l.^'^^

throw anag,
tlie

reject,

abandon, neglect.
II.
1

Ar.

o jj>

(see

Arab,

text,

chajj.

I

).

,


1^^'K\
ove?iur?i,

105


'tl-^^h'.
be
overturned,

l/t! the face, cowitcnancc, surface, front.

destroy.

VII.

destroyed.

Appar. conip. of
its

U^
to

tilt

over a vessel and

pour out
break.

contents

,

dash
in

the

ground,

and ui

Cogna(e words

actual use in Aeth. are *24iUr
to

attack^ insult (Ar. lis.
sult),

dash

the ground,

LL.

in-

and Al"!*: break (Heb. nQ, Ar, ^U).

m:
*^^
/Il4t
\

very, excessively.
:

A

be extinguished, perish. IV.

h^^h
"iDt?.

'.

extinguish, de-

sti^oy.

Ar. j^il:, Cliald. NCip,

a:
ilAA:
impf.

^ii.AA.1 give shade, overshadow. shadoiv.

S.\h^^\ shade,

AAPi

impf.

JiAA,! pray, von\
pi.

— —

See Chald. See Chald.

gl.

'p';?^:.

gl.

^^'i..

AA"^.' prayer ;
K<P<S>
:

AAp^!!
\

not used.

III.

K<P<S>

labour, bestow labour upon, be

distressed or afflicted.
if C5i
!

a

temple

or

palace ;

pi.

AitZnih

!

!

Ar.

w^

Heb. nni'.

AC"?:

rr^
Syr.

^?^/.


find

Ar. ^^.^,
lL«»iof

Heb.

n^^',

Chald.
,

rn.iJJ:?;

in

we

a harsh

cry

as

of an

eagle,

peacock,
itZiiiS:
r/

etc.

cry.

Ar.

^'>^-

,


f^<P: impf. £ii(ir<^: fast.

106

~
gi.
DV:.".

See Chald.

^<^\ a fast;

pi.

/i/rT<?^::

A®0:

and Adro:

iiiipf.

^ACD-ó:

«7ry

0?//,
niiJ,

r^///,

invoke.


he

Ar.

^Lo,
///^/,

Heb. niy, y;iS Aram.
(i**!'

VS-iTl.

B^^^

:

((^6'

truthful,
^^"

tell
,

the truth.

Ar.

^- Jco

/<^7/

the truth
Syr.

,

Jco

/^v^//^

sinceritt/ ;

Heb.

pi a

just,
i^?l
,

wxifl
,

7V/0/,

p?-oj?er, fitting,

Heb.

p"i^',

Aram.

CTVn
'.

'''^'''''''^

is jt^ist

and

right, justice,

law.

j^^^

just, veracious.

^''

B'h^;

the

sun.


;

Ar.

^:s>wi

the

time

when

the

sun

is

high and shines hrightlg,
sun.

the sun;

^^

and i^ó the
|o-»^

Comp. also L^v^o, /tm®: he
and see Syr.
gl.

clear,

clear-

ness of sky

w*

,

e3<^:

the

left,

the left hand.

A'.

A^^''

u

river:

pi.

K<\T.

— 431^::
rad.

Ar.
'.

%Si

a

small

stream,
Heb.

Heb. :hB.

From a

AA"!

=
in

Ar. ^Jli,

^h, Aram.

:^D,

w<^,

'1'Z3, sejjarate, divide.
distinguish.

Z.Ain: impf.
dialects

JBAA.^: separate,
the rad.
,

the

other
(see
at-

^^^Jj,

:^?,

w.^^^ means escape
separating

Syr. gl.)

but
the

the
syll.

idea
\>^

of cleaving or
in

taches

to

Ji,

^e,

f^^D,

i?-^>

^^?'

;


^isJj,
>^s-ij,

107


(j-U,
!iU,
n!:©,

n'^B,

jJj, ^li,

nnd

cognate words.

AW/h:

not used.

VII.

A^ih:

inipf.

Ji-ZoUI&:
[*»j

r^Vy/<?d?,

l/e (jlad.


I ;

Ar,

^^s-^oi

be clear, ^^>-oj
[!rob.

«

clea?'

day

oyr.

^^
wide,

gladden or more
;
coni^).
;'wV/^/?,

connected with

2>^
VII.

he

spacious
^/rt-f/,

,L1Ó

spread oui
VII.

,

Itlliij

<^<?

—lwi

expand,

^^-ciJt ^^

cheerful.

ACU:
A^-^

iiiipf.

JiACU:

be a/raid, fear.

'

iin{)f.

.EA^'^'

examine
"ij^B

or

survey,

count;
?niss

wish,

desire.

Hel).

examine, survey,
(1

upon exAr.

(iminaiion or survey
tXii seek

Sani.
lost,

XX. G, XXV. 15);
lony for,
jjii

what has been

lonyiny,

reyret.

A^®'
jjls

inipl".

.E AJ-

!

ovv^'r/.

Ileb.

n^C,

Aram.

x:,

"•:©,

^

w--L£

.

qf|]3

^'Z''"''''

(verlit se),

^^iB the face ; comp.
M<^' /n'r^".

aui..

AYV/r/,

^3>^" /W7^ towards, is^:

•4tCTt":

a road, journey, way of life, conduct :

pi. 4t5*(D";

4tfT!!
L5^y^'
etc.

Comp.

^"!"7.,

""^in,

J.a.uw,

8>x*^'

>—*^<3oo,

^^'.

'm\{n.

^Zi^X,'.

restore

oi-

make yood
Ar.

,

requite

good or

evil,

fu'fl, perform.

^tXi, Heb. Tr\B, ransom.

A-^A-"?' be more abundant, exceed, excel.

AJ^,^'.

the yreater ]>art

:

adv. ace.

.'?:

very, much,

with 'h<^i\ v,(>re than.

:


Z.fll4'
iiiipf.

108


kx.'Sa^.
See
Gesenius

J^A^Qart.

cj'eute.

Thesaurus,

Hu-^.

-=t^^Z,^! creation.

Ar.

s>iai.
fulfil

L,K<P\

impf.

JBZo/r<?^:

^7^^/,

////.9/^,

VIII.

•l'AA<^
cease;

pass.

Ai.

1^

cut.

break,

IV.

l^t

Heb. C!J©.

.

ARABIC VERSION.

#^13

jjt

ijjjiir

^,^15 ^"sr^ ^'ir

,^10^

p

«&J

Jyij '')^5^
*^),^t>Lj^

^

ij^^ <5^ vV^ ^Q^
iXiiX^S

oJl^j

1

jjL L^jó

lL^)bjt}\

i^y^

^Jl (^J-UoiCi

2

^^i r7^^^

^^^^V^**-

^55

'^'"

C5^1

^^^5

S^/^'

(t'^' C)^

Jj^

;^5

Ljr^-^^'

^

l3'7^5

'

T^^^^-

<-^-''*^

iUi-wJf

5

'*)

Tho Ms. adds ;j.^

110

-S-C
7
v_^iw'l

^1
IcXjc

^•"o--

O-'Cl-^

c-'-^-^

--

?0
|v4-ix

jv-LajJ

^y^^

l«JLjiS"

aa^UoJ
"-^-jy^

J^ Jl JU^
^.^^
e^-*

'>w"*

^-'

-»L
8

LjJLM

cyvLoJ
Ij

IfcT-wJCrL:

'^'^

iV^

L;

lilll
(^1

^1

UJ

iLil
ij^)i

lie
(^^'5

'^Tt^'
'•i>-^'

^

\J\J^ 'ij'-^^

s_>Jt*u

i%^5 viLovl

i2>^'

u^5

^-^"'^-^

''^

^^^
11

xj|

I^^-L y^UJl
Ij

vllj^J.I

(m!^

ooLLo
L»Jj
'

tJ

Uo

^J

l-'^"5

db

*;-*aj

Ui

aL*

UU"

(l^v^i:^!

vr^

$-'?'

c'^"

^liD

^1

^^ ^if? ^pf ji
I

^f ,mt ^>^

^

14

Liyu j-iixi-

Si

dp'

^^

^^^"5

vp'' '^-^i

'(tfU^

16^
')

^Liti viUJ^i

0'yy5 'iL^Ci '0^*i^5
lyjii and Uvi'
.

P^-''

^i^Li

^) Vulg-. for

^jj

.

") Ms.

") Vu!^^ for

^\d>y

Ms. ly^vi^

and Lswi.

1


\^\(X>^

Ill


^^-^^^

Vt^ ^i^^

'»^^>^5

^r*

Vy^^

(•iJo

^^^^
*fcXJ'

li (J

^

0^^

ij^?^ ^«JjijU

L4-v^i£

Lj^
(*

Vr'^

'-iv^5

^

(C^^

U^^

LS'^J

'^^
'^^-^^

')*>^^'*^5

"'

*^^' Sr'^'
5-^'l

'^

^5 0^^
o--

^^ #J^5
" '
"t

c^^ ^
jua^^

y^i

y^-^^

u

^

^

^

c, ,

-'j'?

9^

'')L§i^!

oia^ Jy^'

J^Llt ^Jl^ *^5^|;

u--^^^^^';

t^'
~-|-

^

^i
0-,

15^^ ^Joc^t 0;*^*°
-*»r

^5

/'^'^

C5^l

^5 ^
I'
Q
C5t)
"

oU^^^

-^^

'"' '"^r Hr """^r c:^A^ V/-'' ^^/^^ cs^ii^ OM^:^!

't5^b

^

pof;

^ ^j-y

^5^
^

o>(3i
(jwJlJI

Uo^

^l*^*^ "^ Vr*' jCvJI
i-^^M

1

j^ U^?^ ojv^ cu^t

J)Ms. ioJb-^.

'^)Ms. Lgi-:i£,!.

')Ms.^LoJ|.

"')Ms.^Uó^H,

112

4

joLikJ

'')

(^ jój

'

(•Ql

x-i-LS"

SvAaw^

iUA^i

*^^

°)oól5'

^2^__

-^yM^S

Syj^j^"^

^y^^

'^7*5

^''^

i*5y^

<-^'

,^X£.

(j^^As^^

Lsv.Av-5

u*^5 *^^ ^7^5 ^h^T c^^

(*

^^}\ ^hi\

^5

s=Ji.'i

&i;^ ^j^

'^)

(jLiSj

Jr

^^

") Vulg. for
'')

oliy
'^)

")

The

iMs.

adds

SlUxj
lo the

.

»')

Vulg. for

|

J^'

.

Ms. LSLwwJI.

^o Ms., according-

Egyplian

dialect, for

Jwo.

^


^^
'7

113


5y=>-^5
^-^•'^^

|vS^X^

|V-L

[t-g-Lc

'^r'

^y**^^

L5^

^^x^Tscxi
"r
tXJ'

^2^^•
""
'{»

j;^'?

CpT L^f C^T
Jo---^^^'^*^**'

j.fji-

jli^
vf

2

oi*A

>o^^

"

>o--^

(jA*-^Avjj'

^f^

'^^)T*5

^<X'«

'ii'j

,^i>jLj

3

jj[^
jjLi^,

<

'')

iUiax)

Jujs

J

lX^UI^

^t^-^-'t

?r;^

^J-

"^

(j^In

i^-Lc

/«^;'5

*"^^^*^

£7^'

*-^' 7^'

Vr" ^''
^'"^^"^

^

^'^^^
^^
J

c-^^ i^'^
,w
-e

^ih^

'V/"^ ^'^
^5
'

^^
^

>^'^^

^^f-

^-»-c-o

0—'"°

jjj.i^

aJJi

w«!

wi^^if

f**^'

^-^

:^

^

^^

o— ""*

o*

L&.ji

PvSJi

tj^W

7

-•

^ jliJ.

^

c

---'''^

o

^

''

^^

a ^ o'^

^

0--

CJ»*-M

X-kAn-Lu

JLa/.

*^L5

r^^yi^

^^ (j^K

>

o

^

"*^

^^

(j**-».^M

") Ms.

i^tXAAJ.
,

*)

For

^^.

") Several
ihe

words are wantiii-

here

which may be ihus supphed from

London

PoIyi;lol

:

V) MS.

^^,.

.

114

^) Ms.

jLxjy)

-^)

Ms.

^

.

>) Ms.

jv^U>!.

GLOSSARY.
f

\

inleiTOg. particle;

always joined

in

writing to the following
n.

word, as p\.
•^\

See Chald.

gl.

a father; gen. i^t, ace. bt;
yi\,

in the construct state,

nom.
also

gen.

^!,
^|.

ace.

LI;
pi.

du.

^\y

two faiheis ,

father and mother ;
Syr. gl.

gCl fathers, ancestors.

— See

^f.
So ^
y2i.f
/7

See

^.
^b,
come.

^•f, impf.

See Chald.

gl.

XHi^.
gl.

reward., hire;
r^r?/^^

Q J > pi. x*a»f.

See Chald.

-i:in.

Jc^l

(to

be

carefully

distinguished
^/^

from

J<^t

/?7/^,

death);
- ^

Jl.^
>
,

or Jo* I ,%.«
o.
,

account of,
óWz<?.

because
^_

of.

*
inipf.

it^

j^t,

tX-i*lj,

iniper.

tXis.,

/o'Ar;,

VIII.

^ a cX^xj't

(for

j^zxXjl^ or

j^kjubl^,

as

v^s»o|^

receive hire,
(for

ypl put
self),

on the rohc called ^XS
choose, make.
yi>|

izar),
gl.

take

one's


pi.

See Syr.
^^>-*-t

^

.

oM^.»% another,

and
gl.

wia.|;

f.

^vis^l,

pi.

and cjGLLf.

^\

See Chald.

"iriN.

.


ijóJ
f.

1

16


;
|)l.

the earth, the ground, a country


f^Mj\

^^^^

ijóM-

See Chald.
V

gl.

yiN.

oee

4

n»i

J^^l a root, origin;
y6>//^

pi.

J^l.

Prob. connected

uith JJ^:

unite.

'Jl

def.

art.

the ;
G.

pron. by
vol.

many
'i

of the

Badawln hal
followed

(Z.

d.

D.

M.

VI.

p.

17);

when

by

the

letters

^ ^ :>'Oy\^^^\jb^^^^
is

the

final

J

assimilated,
injustice.

e.

g.

j^l

the date,

^^*i^\ the
':'n.

5MW,

|JLIa.)l


f.

Heb. Phoen. *n for

jcjJI,

f

(c^'ij
pi.

^^'^1^0,

7vhich,

that; du. nom. m. ^IJJUI,

f

^l^'l;
are:

^jojjf,

ui^XM or ^-i-M.

Rarer forms
or
^:iUt;

pi. ni.

^^^1? or

^^^If, f

^l^f, ^SS\
pi.

very rare: sing. m. jJJf, f oJLfl,

nom. m. ^*jJf.

i^tXJ'

^^

conip.

of the

art.

J|, a demonstr. letter
f.

J

(see viUfo),
orig.

and

tlie

pron. tj,

^j; and
Eryc.

is

therefore
the
art.

nothing

more

than

an

enipliatic

demonstr.,
1.

Heb. HT^n, T^n, Phoen. t^n
Jt,

(inscr.

7).

The
pron.

and

a

cognate

form

of

the

demonstr.

.6

(wliich see), are
tives.

both used, lliough very rarely, as relaIT,

Comp. H:
a god,

n,

?.

s!^lt

or

ai-M

an idol;
aJL'l,

pi.

aLgJ^;

with

the

art.

sSfjJf,

^J^I, usually

God.

See Chald. ^. n^JN.
suff.

J\

to,

towards, in addition
_,M,

to,

untd : with
"""^n.

"Jl,

dlllf.

etc."

Heb. ->^, poet.

See Chald.
^//^

gl.

nb.

*|,

impf.

j.^,

jjrop.

precede, hence

At'/

example^ teach.

*Uof

in

front

,

before ;

prop,

the ace.

of a

noun ICol

the fi^ont.
Zx\,

impf.
gl.

%jcLj,

imper. Ijo,

order,

command.

See

Cliald.

1DN.

^j-«|,

impf.

^L,
(?'?//l^/^

^<?

void of fear, secure, confide
with v^, believe
gl.
in,

in.

IV.

^\
^Ujt

make

safe, protect,
/«/V/^.

vvlience

See Chald.

pN.

^^1

conj.
etc.,

that.

After
in

verbs

of wishing,
relation

fearing,

ordering,
or
caii-

and
is

gen.

when a
it

of

design

sation

expressed,

requires the subj., as:
will

^
if

oL^f

Sdl
iuojil

\d
IU\

JjIj / fear that he

do so and so,
merely

^i:^ós\

I wished to

do him honour ; but
it

introducing
the perf. or

the

statement of a fact,
/Ul

is

followed by

impf indie, as ^Jc^

oa:^*^ / wonder
that he
pron.
in
is asleep.

that he wrote,
JjT
conj.
e.

*Uj

/jf

*jLcI

/ know
or

that ,

followed by

a noun

the ace,
(j'

g. jjltX-y^JJ «^

(jO t^ltXiJ

«-^^

(j^

*-:^^-y^

^5^

it is

related that a certain shaikh in
,

Bagdad had two
?^
^-^

disciples

viJJUo

".

^^

,

>

^1^

^jt

^^^^^

related that
1

there

was

in

Egypt a
J|
is

king.

With

the sufF.

pers.

sing, the form

equally

common
as
to

with

,^\'
it

^\

conj.

?/."

hi
tlie

correlative clauses,

the general rule,

requires

verb of each clause
as:
^T"

be

in

the

perf.

or
^jj^

the jussive,

^IjCL^

dUc>
this,

cUJii

^j|

or

JoLóf

dULaS"

iUó

you do

you

(will)

perish

See

Chald. gl. DN.

'—
J^l^

118


of utiquc or profec/o
in
,

a particle having

(lie

sense

and

followed by a noun or pron.
oJkS"
In

the ace,

e.

g. auUl

^l
est.

^^
e.

J^
g.

jJLfc
it

profecto
not

Deus
of
-^^^

omnipoiens

many

cases

does

admit
^^^^^

any
^'Jf^^-

transl.

into

English,
suff.
1

eJlS* L^|_ *j
sing.
Jt^ is

With

the

pers.

used as well as ^^t^the

Ul

/,

pi.

i^^-ixj

Ke.

In

poetry
^^^1

second
said

syll.

is

often

short

(u u)

;

the form

is

also
gl.
111-

to occur (comp.

Aeth.

Al:).

See Chald.

njn.

^t,

f.

c>St, thou; du.
gl.

L3t,

pl-

(wi;

f-

(j^f-

— See
The
itóN.

Chald
jjUwJt
<3f

n:«.
])erson,
is

z?^<^/^,

individual;

j)l.

,j*,bl

or

,j*-b.
e'l.

fem. ajLwjt

&

said to exist.

See Chald.
^/^^

J^l

/-^<?

family or kindred of a man,
of a place;
pl.

people or inhahi^^^^ ^^^^^^

^<z;;/*

^ybef, 4^'Heb.
t^HK*


pl.

^"»'
,

means a man's

tent,

(comp.

ouo

,

HI?

and

'S^\ first,

pl.

^y;r,

j^l^f,

J^'l:

f.

^/,
now.

J5f.

JLSSfy.

See J|S.

1A
s

time,
f.

a moment ; adv.
^^'/^<>:,

ace.

'^^Ij

*

^s*
ibl,
7i'liiclt,

^^!,

what? whoever, 7vha fever.
Lgjt

See
(?.'

Chald. gl.

IN.

-

b,
in

or simply
the

L^f
as

,

inter).

followed by a
()

def.

noun

nom.,

>j)JI

L^jI

vizir!
pro{),

Ldjt again, also;
repetition,

the ace.

of

;i

iiouii

(j,djt

returning,

from

(j2l,

impf.

(jó-^,

return (comp. Syr.

^oz

from ^s!^).

,


^f
tvhcrc?

119

^1 J^
]j<.

ivhence? ;^\

^J

whither?

See

Chald. gl.

y

«>^,

'/ or
g-1.

//<:Y/r,

hy,

with, on

account

of,

etc.

See

Chald.

2.

wSXj

f/«<?

^'«,

«
gl.

lai-ge rwe?' ;

pi.

,L3o,

^j-^J^j,

j-sxjI.


is

See Aeth.
tjo,
impf.

QftiC."
^^^/>?.

IJlo,

The form

^Jo,

chap.

III.

4,

vulgar.

IT

//^^

^ry
impf.

/«;««?,

« plain or

dese?'t.


'^Loa

See Syr.
fi'uitless,

gl.

^^

Jkiaj,

JJo,
yt02,

^^ in vain,

useless,

idle.


opp.

Aeth. flfllA: he in vain,

Ileb.
^yy^av,

cease from labour,

Aram.

V^^
adj.

Z^3,
;^?//^,

^<?.c/*^.

JJcG
to

part.

useless;

false,

wi^ong ,

^3^^.

ytn;

^6' helhj,

womb, the
]LD2,

inne?'most


Jou,
VI.

part ;

pi.

^j^iaj, ^jiift-

Heb.

Chald.

N*:p2.

impf.

JótAj, and iXxj impf. Jolo,

^^ distant, far

off.

tXftUj

recede from
^

one

another ,

be

removed or

distant,
G ^
f.


G -

Aeth. flOJ?: change, alter.
distant:
G
-

cXaxj,
G
-

stX-s*J) '

^
/'^''^v/

5

-

o

jJLT «
iJLj,

or

r%,

province, country;
VIII.

pi.

j^,

,

jjtjJb.

impf.

*JLo'

swallow.

pl£?[

/^/-

See Chald.

^j,

impf.
«;«</

^^1^, build;

&ii^|

J^

^ij or

&Ai>Lj

^^'
nti'j;

^;<«/7y

beget children (comp.

ij'ps'p n,^?

n:3 or

Deut.

,


XXV.
9,

1'20


^'^\
riJli,

2 Sam. VII.

11, 27; Turkish

evlen-

mek, niarnj, from

J

ev,

a house).

Heb.

Aram.

^t
sons,

a son
it

;

pi.

sUj',

,2j»>^-

I"

slating

names of perimme-liately
e.

takes the form

J^",

Imt only

when

preceded and
o-jlIuo

followed

by a proper name;

g.

one

^
i)l.

aJUt

tXlt

may

also
|3

be

spoken

of isJyiJI

jytli [^T.
only the
is


p:2
,

Heb. Phoen.
^vi^^

(-|2,

-jl); in Aram,

"^^^^
pi.

occm's.

Tiie

fern,

iLol

or

o^

r/

daughter,
siiff.

cijLo,

H^b.

Phoen.

n?

(for nJ~),

with

inr,

Aeth. •n^l;'! in the phrase
pi. |jZ,

•flll":

D^^:

the pupil

of the eye; Aram.
-i2.

^^3.
i^_^


'/^

^^

See Chald.
IV.

gl.

not used.
V^i
(^;

|*^f

.y/^^//.

X.

^^j^m\ he dumb.
pi.

animal (we speak of „the dumb animals");
Heb. ncns, Sam.

l^i:gJ.

-^^^S;

Aeth. flV(?^:

</^/w^.

jLj, impf.

Joyo, ^0 away , perish. IV. j>bl destroy. Comp.

q^n, dUL^, and ^-^dix.

See Chald.

gl.

"12N.

»oy>.

See oly
under,

v2^

beneath;

ace.

(jf

a subst.

v:!;^'

//<<:'

/^/y'^vv yyr/yV,

See Chald.

gl.

ninn.
into

I^IS" translate from one lang.
plain,
entitle.

another,

interpret

,

ex-

Aeth.

'\'^^<P\

Aram,

cnr,

>=^'^-

Hence Ar.

^U^p,

Aeth.

^C>^^:

Chald.

]cnin (nO»


Syr. Ijin^i
.

121


(Hal.

fii^

intejyi^eter

turcimanno, Portug.

tiwgimuo
x»->>i'

,

inigimoo, Fr. diogman , Engl, dragoman).
history,

a translation ,

chapter or section;

pi.

,Cs.Q.
^_^*uu»,^,

Chakl.

Dinr.
Tartessus. The geographical Lexi-

OaQOiQ,

B'f^'ir,
c!^Lb!^t

con entitled

Jcol*^ has ^j^j^Ji.
or

Jli,

inipf.

JJj,

leave

abandon,

let.

See

Chald.

gi.

nn.
Ij6
,

Ij

,

inipf.

^<"

whole, entire, complete or finished ; finish,


vIjIj,

Heb. nn.
iw^yJ, repent.

inipf.

See Chakl.

gl.

2in.
gl.

^Q

« cronm or tiara;

pi.

^^Ls^".

See Syr.

Lz.

5^^, au^"

&-i^
or
gl.

G--^
f.

G'^
or

xaJLj,

cy^"

c^JJ,

Mr^^.

See

Chakl.

n^n.
^
f.

vL'li,

iJb,

M/r^.


^'^'<^-

See Aeth.

gl.

W^Ul"
Uj|,
f.

^Uj|,

f.

(jUliJ.?

(j'-^j
vulg.

Hence Ici^
See

u1j|

sliii,
gl.
'

twelve;

yii.£LliL

wCi.^

and Chald.

]nn.
G —
f.

-

^Ij,
.^- ^/?
<>.r;

»-óLj, second.
pi.

See Aeth.
gl.

gl.

f-^"

,jIy^>

See Chald.

iin.

»L^, impf. ^Li^J,
cries

r;-^

6"^/^,

bellow;

pray
gl.

or supplicate with

and

tears.

See Aeth.

104, '•


JJl^ a mountain;
pi.

122

JL«s»,

JL^', J4^'-

IsD^*, impf. (V^., and |vv:i., impf. ^j^., buim.

Ix^v,^ a
s
'

fiei^cely
i

hurnbig fire ;

hellfire,

heli.

'"

"

'i

tX^

impf.

, iXs?o, iXs\j, exert one s self he diligent, serious.

iXs^
ace.

diligence,
I4X&.

zeal,

earnestness

(opp.

to

Jjjc);

adv.

exceedingly, vej-y.
^/^.

yUL:^, impf. JJL^,

Heb.

is'^a.

V^,

impf.

-i^-gvTj

?//^//'<^,

collect,

assemble.

nM T"

^-^^

whole,

all.

(X^,
Cs>.,

impf.

<X^^o, ^.?wY
«w»ys\j, cleave,

«//<"'*

AT^

labour, strive.
DJ).

inipf-

rend; traverse (Heb.
2"'jN,

IV.

CJ^\
:&L^, impf.

answer.

Aram.
f<?zw^.

-^^^I, 3fn"fA.

i^^j,

C
J,JL&.,
impf,
y^^-A.^^j,
id.

//'>A/

hack, restrain, confine, imprison.

VIII.

jlljia-J


to;

See Syr.
adv.

gl.

^^.a-..

c3L&.

»* /^r as,

till,

^jt//;,

also;

conj.

////,

Z//^//,

60 that, in order that ;
the part of the agent
subj.
is

when a purpose
implied,
it

or design on

is

followed

by the

Connected with

J^
to.

limit,

boundary.
III.

Ijca., impf.

.tX^^J, match one article with another.

^jL^

he over-against or opposite
?l<Xi.

the being opposite to

:

adv. ace. tfj^a. opposite;

fe|jc&.(^ from before.

.

.

;


ijy-*.,
iiiipf.

123


IV. ;^js^\

^yo

be sad, sorro?r/'uL
§1.

make

sad,

distress.

See AeUi.

/h*Hi::

^jya. and

^ys^

soi'row, grief.

Aelh. /hHli:

CjSu^,

inipf.

,._,.-ww.^vj,

count, reckon.

To be
J^^^^ww^^x^

carefully

dis-

tinguished
^/^<?>?^.

from
Aetli.

.Jiw^

,

impf.
:

or

,.1a-1cs3J

ihll

Heb.

Dli'Ti,

-t'

Aram.

2V/n, - —

lag J*,

impf.

JiA.s:o,

/^w/^/i

or observe, keep,

guard, preincite,

serve,
ho7't,

retain in the
encoui'age.
;3:sx.j

memory.

Syr.

^^

ex-

^^j.-*.

,

impf.

and (^.sxj

,

<^^

neccssai-y, p?'oper, right,

just.

Heb.

pn

(see Gesenius'

Thesaurus),

Aeth.

All;
^^^^

appoint, ordain.
;^'/^<7/

/*

right

and proper,

truth,

justice,
la?v
,

equity

^3•^
x^
impf.

truly,

verily.

Heb.

pn a

Aeth. ftil!

law, religion.
r-gv^"j,

^6'

warm,
-^^?

hot.

Cognate

Ila.,

impf.
>&-,.
,

I^ju
Aeth.

warm,
gl.
v:i>y:k

impf.

Isxj

warm.

— See

Syr. gl.

^(P\\
//*/«;
pi.

«

^Lax::^, cyl*^tprese?'ve.

ioL^,

impf.

Jc«^j, guard,
^._j

iV.

ioLa.!

surround:

construed with

where, when.

"^,

impf.

,yso,

and

jIa^,

impf-

^c^s^o,

//^<:'.

See

Chald. gl. N^n.
»vv-^
a"<^l

sLl=^

f^^f^-

Aeth.

rh^®T."

,

124

IaL.,

impr.

vx^xj,

know; "y^,
inipf.

\m\il.

j-L^xj

he

versed or
IV. Z^i^i

experienced in ; yS^,
inform
_lis»,
inipf.

va-^^j, experience.

of,

report, relate.

_ w^vo

,

go

out.

Part.

adj.

^j^L. going

out,

ivhat is outside ; adv. ace.

j^;L^

outside.

•jC
'

^

,

impf.

oLw-zxj

,

/"^^Y/;- ,

cut off a part

,

diminish ;
VII.

be

eclipsed (the moon); sink
^d?

and disappear.

>_ilwb^vjt

eclipsed, suhiiierged.

_^_s

,

impf.

Ji-^^j

,

^^

ligJit,

slight,

few, nimble.

II.

^_q.ó

.

C

lighten, alleviate ; takes the ace.

of the burden and ^j-t

with the person relieved, aJ^
(j^is.
,

s

^^|

^,i,.

.

impf.
to,

(j.aJLij

,

^^ preserved or delivered, come safe-

lg

attain to ;

be pure, good, excellent.

II.

(joJLL

deliver ;

make pure.


,

Heb. ]^Sn /?«// out or ^y^ (Ar.
Syr.
^Ixi.

iJL^
11.

take
.

off clothes

strip

or plunde?')

deliver.

^jJL.,

impf.
:

^^aJLiso,
^3-L=>.
,

smooth
,

or. polish,

frame

or fashion,

create
wcb.

(^JUs.

/^<?

smooth.

Heb. pbn.
pi.

good: followed by

\x,

better than:

^L^i.,

>U:b>.l.

Aeth.

C::

125

Lc5,

impf.

^Jo,
sLo^.
"

r<7//;,

invite;

call

on or

jp^-rt-y

to; bless

ijili), curse
l*t>
--

{Ji3

J.l).
gl.

blood;
.

pi.
>

See Chald.

Dl.

^

^
<^^

U4>,

impf.

^t\j,

/^^';-,

appj'oach.
tvith,

Syr. w.j?-i]

ap-

proach, iindei^take, agree

obey.
pi.

So-'. ^t> ^w/e,

partie,

a

loftg pe?'iod,

an age;

0''*^ Gjj—>J»JJt

\^'^',

or vS'^cXJI^]^ for ever, uhi^h.
is

The

origin

of

the

word

to

be sought
"I'll,

in

the circling course of the seasons;

comp.

|if^

and VXs, from "in and
I'<n?

'^

=

'15 re-

volve ; also Syr.
84>«t>

a

mill.

a 9vorm;
impf.

coll.

t^.o.
//?

'^|4>,

(^JtXj,

(^^

^/^<^^j

submit to or

<?^<?y,

worship;
See Chald.

repay or requite, judge or condemn.
gl.

pi.

iJoJuo «

c%;

pi.

^Joc,

jj.jtjoo.

^

Ij,

f

^0 (^S

^

^
f.

b); du. nom. m. ^13,
syll.

^b;

^

pi.

" ^ &^l^f

and ^.f

(first

short);

this.

\:>

is

often
^^.xi

annexed

to
it

the interrog.

^^^^o,

U,
^^LSji

as:

dLJli Ij
Lo
for

who (was

that)
shorter

beat

thee?

\b

what hast thou said?
viio^
^^JJI
16

forms

of expression

jj^,


vcJLiJ

126


t<j>

,^cX'l

13 Lo;

JUL^Ji

Lo

what
! I

is

tluj

trade or

profession ?

-

See Aeth.
iii.

gl.

"H

dtj,

f.

Jli, dLo; du. nom. ^

^tj>, ^

f.

JbG;
--

pi.

«dj^JJ,

"J

dUlJ, dU>,

f.

JUb;
;

du.
^/</*;,

nom. m.
tttat.

dLSlL>,

f.

dlilf;

pi.

JU^I^I

(scarcely used)
the pron.
addif.
suff.


of

Jtj

is

comp. of 13 and
I

d;

<iJiJ3

the

same words with
(see (^jJI).
In

he

of

the

demonstr.
suff.

letter
is

J

old

writings the pron.
lo

regularly declined according
(lie

the

number and sex
(Uij" Jtiir

of

persons adressed,
xxi

e.

g.

vl-^T Uj03,
M/5
is

^'3,

^cilD

^ jjf ,^ ji
?'ep7'oach-

he

Ijecausc

of whom you (women)

ed me.
^.3,
impf.

^jo'
*?//

^"'Z'''

sacrifice,

See Chald.

gl.

n21.
pi.

aL;SVwo3

animal killed in sacrifice,

a victim;

^^3,

impf.
gl.

v^lJO'

remember,

?nention,

relate.

See Chald.

-^rn.

i)LJ3.

See vIUI3.

^sb'o, impf.

,,^Jo, go, go a wag,
//^^

depart.

.3,

f.

ci>!3,
is

owner

or

possessor

of

a

thing,

one
ordy

who
found
sing.

endowed with a quahty.
in

Being almost
decL
'

the

construct
.'

stale,
.

its

is

as

follows:
>

-

m. nom.

^ó,
1^3,

gen. ^,^,
f.

ace.

13;

f.

nom. ol3;

du. m.

nom.

Ut^3:

pi.

m. nom. ..3 and

J.


(firsl

J

'27

syll.

sliorl),
i-n,

f.

yLt^6».

— —

K

is

really
f.

(lie

same

word as Aram,
^•13, impf. ^-^Jo'

i,

Heb. mT,

ii,

ni<i.

^f^^^c-

)

^L
ok.

Mr

//(-r/^/;

pi.

j^^^x

5

LK'^^)

^*^^

Chald.
'^^

gl.

^'n.

ojjx. impf. oljj;
or merciful

o»>,

impf.

o.vj,
„g^"^
/^r

compassionate
Heb. P)m.

Connected with
^°^».

^ó//",

See Syr.

gl.

o^jN, 05*>, compassionate,

mefci/td.
M/z/A-.

^\y
o^
rt'

impf.
gl.

,^o

(for

^O),

*^^,

See

Aetli.

a?::
wJI Mr Lord:
pi.

possessor, oivner, master ;


f.

<JIjj!.

See Chald.
«j>l,

gl.

2DT.
pi.

iUjvl,
gl.

/^?/r;

jjyijJ

/^^'(y.


II.

See

Chald.

y2iN.

«jL fourth.
G^,
impf.

See Aeth.

gl.

C-flO::
increase.

*J>J,
///>;,

grow, grow up,

^f

rr<7;%

^/w^
s»j»
5 ys.» filth;
-'
4,

educate.

/^<?;?

thousand.
^

— See — See

Chald. gl. N21.
Chald.
ol.

n^l.

a crime, punishment, anger. Another form

.Go
is

y^^.,

pi.

^LAl.

See Chald.

gl.

m.
pi.

'»^.

,

impf.
wtf/?

i=^l^,,

return.

j4»>
1.2a.r,

''/

(as distinct

from

a woman)

;

JLs^n
or

.

impf.

(V^jj,

^<?

compassionate ,
id.

have pity
gl.

mercy

upon.
aL^->.v

V.

i^^'.

See Chald.

cni.

mercy.


4>
.
,

ri8


q'c store;

impf.

»>yj,

s€?id or give

back,

avert;

reject

or refuse;

answer

,

confute.

i^^,

impf.
^<^/Ar

jc^jj?

A^^

or

graze; tend a

flock,
gl.

guard

or

r^/;r <y^ govei'n.

See

Cliald.

f^yi.
VIII.

^r,

impf.

^vJ,

lift

np, raise;
?'ise

remove, abolish.

i^J
^ct,

raise; be raised,

or ^^ A^^^.
ijcuoy

jLo.

^/^/^<?^.


.

Connected with

be hot;

Chald.

Syr.
'
Ij
,

^ilaicj

|l^c?
Z^/^-'^'

.

hot ashes.

impf.

_^lvJ,

(tlie

wind);
gl.

impf.

-,-*^,

^*j,

.cw<"//

(anything).
..

See Syr.

w^?.
pi.

m.

f.

the breath, spirit or 5»;//;

-i^liJ;

^-jpt

^^^Juo!^lf

r/?<?

holg Spirit,

but

Muhammadans understand
sometimes Christ.
(rr"],

by

it

the
f.

angel Gabriel and

^,
pl.

the

wind (nn,

Uo»); scent, smell

ll-');

^b;, ^b^l, ^t,y.

;
wiTv
,

impf.

v^ jj

,

.s'-'^'^//

or rise

,

be

agitated or rage (esp.

the sea).
l^\,

impf.

*^,
f.

be pure, good, innocent.
z^^/^'c',

See Ch.

gl. t<DT.

^\,

xIA,

^06></,

innocent.

JLv. impf JLIo,
o
<7.s7i-,

Jd^wo,
S
"^

cU-ó,

imper.
*
'*

JLlJ,
-

>'*.
«-^b*.

'j'*.

Jd^*/!^, "

Ju«,

/^<?</ ;

^^^''
llir

or ^^^^'1 ,j-.

aJLL
^N^•.

he asked

him alxnil

thing.

See Chald.

2:1.

.


;3-»-^5

129


aricipate,

impt.

;^_a.Au^.

^^aavo,

preeed,

outrun,

excel.

J^UL^ m.

f.

rt'

i^oad or

/?(?//?,

/d^^n'y,

method, conduct ;
lL-a-».
,

pi. jJLvL.

Heb. h^l^, Aram. N^IJ',

'^irnS'*^-

J-su*/, impf. J^ia^A»o, r«^ off, peel,

Ji^Lu

* jLi.LlJI

'a

/'/^f?

seaslwre, beach, coast;
coast
F]"!!!;

pi.

J^a-I^lui;
'^

in part.

the

of Syria

and

Palestine.


/om',

Comp.

xiLs., Heb.

Aram, icp, ij^,
J^i.^;,

Jl^,

impf.
w<:'^/^

cfco, and
humble.
in

impf.

J^i^o,

^<:'

/6>Wy,

Heb.

^D'li'';

Aram.
conj.

^Dti',

VL*,, used

chiefly

some of

the derived

Jo LI.
jLycLyu

/9«', w<^^/?.

JlL*! lowe?', the loivestpart ;
pi.

pi.

JjLvt

a

vessel,

ship;

(j.^*...


Heb.

See Chald.
tranquil,
jrii'

gl.

WDD.
or

jjC«,

impf.

jjXwuo,
sea),

be quut or
dwell.

subside
]r*;^',

^^

^/we^i^

(the

or

Syr.
jiais

^ijk..

11,

,

impf.
^^>2^,

IaIo, poison;

hence LJ. poison ,

Syr.

///^y//-

poison.
the hot

\1^
"^^
L^,
impf.

mind or simoom (more
/^^fl'r,

corr.

samum).
'^-^^'i^-

Lllo,

^^«?^.


In

See Syr.

gl.

impf. yj^,-,

be high.
pi.

ll[
init.

a name;
I

tUll.

the phrase

sX'l

,v^

the

is

always dropped,

whilst* a
the

whim

of the

calli-

grapliers has ordered that

upward

stroke of the
gl.

should be lengthened.

^
See

See Chald.

Ud

eLII m. f the sky. heaven, a roof or
Chald. gl.
N-'Cli'.

ceilint/.


til,,
inipf.

130


injui'e, hu?'t,

i*Io, he had or wicked;
g«-l
,

distress.

°1j^,

evd,

wickedness,
,

an

evil

or

calamity,

gll J4»;

tt

had man

it^LiiT ^y^ the wickedness of
xiii'.

their actions.

Aeth. XIJ^2i: Heb.

jLl,

impf.

L^.

w -^

;

he lord or master of, rule over.
chief,

juLl a lord QY master ,

prince;
(sldJ,
still

pi.

84>Ll, cylt^Ll.
title

V'lilgarly contracted into
like

sid

i^^y

lord, sir, a

^^

hence
G, ^^
iJiXlw

///<?

(?/</

farther abbrev, si\

and the fem.
^6>^y,
/</(9/^/

into

oa-*«

•^Z'^/'-

Heb.

C">"K'

/«&^
(Z.
d.

Aram. ^"vW an
p.

evil spiiit,

demon

D. M. G. vol. IX.

481), ??U
set

TLl.

inipf.

vA-wo,

y<?

,

/^•rt'/>l'',

oat on

a journey.

Heb.

^.
a journey, space, distance.

8wA.»**jo

cX^

,

impf.

tXcio

,

^//^^Z
Si

or tie firjnly,
^
'S-

strenythen,
_

rush upon
it

^

f-

^

or attack. IV. Juif as „verbum admiralionis",
i.:ió.j.=i.

Juif Lo

Lc

/^^/^'

very much yrieved thou art!

Aelli.

S!
jJu
G
-

drive out, e.vpel\ Heb.
strenyth, violefice;

TW

destroy.

G *

distress-,

?nisfortune.

Jojui
Cwco,
'"
.

strony, violent.

impf.
i

vr^'
i
'

^'^''*''''^»-'-


<^^/*'/

-^eth.

z,n::

^,

impf.

w^,

^
/><"

v-xo,

or wicked.

Heb. TiD

/^^'

refractory, "T^p an enemy.

.


li
adj.
evil,

131


misfortume
pi.
,

wickedness,

a crime,

pi.

!, Li;

/{-rt-^,

wicked

=

~]^^i,

^f^, ^|_It -—
oLij
Jf^l^f.

Heh. -p.

^^,

inipf.

o^.,
Molfle,

^^ /^/y^;

oj-co,

impf.
pi.

^d'

/^^^/c'.

^wwi

illustiious,

excellent;


«

Heb.

vlouo
rtr

^/>vV/<?,

separate.

Heb. F]VD, whence

f]ij;p

«:'/6//,

^rrt';^^^/^

(Af. ^^JLi
D^Dj;ir,

«

r/^y?,

^,?/f/<!?,

LjLo « branch),

and D'Dyp,

thoughts, opinions.
G
J
'

Go'
^_;ji>cb
--

«

/>'/^<?
>

or people ;

pi.

^-jyt^i

'

.

-

"

--

^3^*0, impf. j^jj^, feel pity or co7npassio7i ; more
in

common

IV.
>

;^A^!,
'

^" "

"

^

jCi,
5

impf.
IDis',
"
'

sXcio, reward, give thanks, be grateful
also
'\2'\v\^.

Heb.

jCi a reward,
jjLLco
f.

thanks, gratitude.
j^.^-^.

the sun;
^xxo),

pi.

See Chald.
ivill.

gl.

tJ'Diy.

tLi.

(for

impf.

iLió, wish,
pi.

g-^

«

//^//^^

0"es);

A*Ji>\.

Heb.

iw.

Comp.

yon and lias^.

vj.^^, impf. ^A^s?j,
v„*.3kLo
rtt

^i*^

companion

to,

accompany.
pi.

cot?panon,

owner

or possessor ;

,„^^x.o,
in

LjLsx-oI, ^^L^uo,
nect.
-

and
(as
j;"i

ibLsv^o.
with
t:"t<)

Also
to

used

con-

with

J^»

denote the one

the other.

.


JoLo
,

13'2


ascend.
IV.
Jos-ol
id.

iiui)f.

JotASj

,

^^ up

,

Heb.
"ASo
,

-tj;^'.

impf.

'yiJoji

,

be small;

li^

,

inipf.

vi-^

,

he

small,

R'orthless,

mean, despised.


pi.

See Chald.

gl.

ij;].

^Ai-o

*w<z//,

young ;

pi.

nU^.
gl.

iLo.

II.

JLc

pray.

See Chald.

N^!i.

s^w^, s^Lo, a prayer ;
*lo,
impf.
artful,

cyl^-Lo.
Syr. "^^^j

.^IaoJ,

make,

do.

^^

diligent,

cunning;

Aeth. ii^O!

be firm

,

strong,

brave;

Sam. V^"t<7l

=

.v-^^

'^

/y/^/.

^\Jo

,

impf.

cy_^, cyLoj,

^;/w'/

« sound, cry out.
pi.

vl>ló, « sound, a cry, the voice;

cLllol

1LÓ,

impf.
gl.

[-^fast.

abstain

from

(esp.

food).

See Chald.

Clii.
<?

*lo
'sCa,

impf.

vA^'

become,

begin to do anything;

^o

(sLl).

G^,

impf.

i^wój,
rij;-}^'.

strike,

sting

(an insect).

Comp.

y*)^,

cl^fl,

and

cl^, Pv^? impH

c'j-oj, ^^ humble or submissive.

V.

cC^'

humble onesself.

is

^ lb

,

impf.

Ikj
f.

,

throw, cast away.

^jis,

m.

a

I'oad,

way, way of

life,

conduct ;

pi.

^jis,

.

.


*»1d, impf.
ivikj, fasU', cat.
pi.

133


See Chald.
g-1.

dv:d.

j.Lxi5 /><?^/

aU^bl.

--'' J'"cXis, impf. ^«JJaj,
.

>'*^
^JUoj,
yhj2

rw«^ forth,

appear, rise,
or
off,

as-

cend.


,

Cliald.

draw

out
or

Syr. 'Ol^z]

examine, investigate
*-LL2x)

=

lXh3

iJLbl

JLiox)

,

^/^^

/?/<5rr^

of ascent

or

;7.c//^j/

;

pi.

- ' '

.

>"loosen;
impf.
,^jJ.io
,

^ " ^

j'"^
impf.

(3JLb, impf. (^Xioj,

i^Jlis,
,

^^jLkj,

^^

(^/Z-

vorced;
vorced.
ful.

(^-Lkj
^<7

^^

loose ,

cheerfid,

di-

VII. i^jJLkj f

sent atvay, go, depart, be cheer-

Syr.

"'^f

be consumed or

destroyed,
,

^^i

divorce, destroy ; Chald. p^ip throw a?vay

Sam.

YV^

^

05

^

Jlj.

II.

JJli shade, overshadow.
G ^
pi.

See Chald.

gl.

hh^.

g

jLb shade, shadow;
^ - -

J^Uo.

J^Uó anything
GS
^

that gives shade.

LUjix)

«/^

instrument for giving shade,
/<?;^/';

an umbrella;

also

« hut or
(JJbj,

pi.

JLbJo.

iJU,

impf.

injure,

oppress.

Aeth. IIIA^: Aram.

d2'^, -^c^,

^^.

jJLb oppression, wrong, injustice.

.

134

e
N-*^
,

impL lli^

,

pass over.

See Chald. gl

idj;

.

^IIIa Hebrew.
vi^
,

inipf.

jjju

,

stumble.
cljap.
II.

*La£ adversity^ calamity;

7

(I

am

not liow-

ever certain that

this

is

the correct reading).

o^,
i$^>cLc.,

impf.

oJu,
/^/?.

know.
See ,o^'l. ^^^ Chald,
?>?

f.

j.»ix.,

gl.

"iDy.

LLi£, impf.
(Jaji,

^ju,

^^/A-<?

//^(?

/^/7/?r/,

receive.

IV.

U^

t

y/^;,^.

impf.

(Ja*j,

^^

/(«r^^,

important.

Heb.

c^y

^-'^

strong, numerous.

jvA^
JioL!,

large, great, important;

pi.

^Liiii,

ilja^

f.

thr

,

larger, largest, very large.
the

J^

and

JJiJ,

perhaps; construed with
is

ace,
,

as

JóiJ
etc.;

v«^j^'

cu^'f perhaps death
is

near ; IXxi
,«aJL«J.

dUlxJ,

^JS^ liowever
ll^,
^Lc.,

freq.

used

for

impf.

(Jlju, k}W7v.

impf.

^Jju,

and

^^,

impf.

^^Jjij,

^<?

//^^^/^

e.valted,
n'/J^,

noble.

VI. ^pLx^
vhy_^

<^^ /^?^/^,

exalted; come.
I.);

Heb.

Aram.

(not used in
?//;

cognate

words are
li?nits,

^

impf. ^JLiu, ^/^^o/

luxuriantly, exceed due

be

dear ; Aeth.
fidious,

OA (D

'.

break the law, be

faithless or pe?--

betray.

.

,


^^Xl over,
above,
standing, against,
elc.

135


on,
in

upon,

addition to, notwithgl.
'py.

See
do.

Cliald.

Jl^,
'

iiiipf.

J^.
labour,
pi.

labom-,

)vo/-k,

s ^ ^

J.^£.

work, deed or act;
JUr^l
after.

a

district

or go-

vernment;

^j^ away from, from; without;
vJllc,
etc.

With

suff.

J^
rr/z/ó^*?

Uc,

impf.

yju, and ^^1,
;

inipf.

^^^^

distress or

anxiety

pass.

^1^

=
"i^y,

VIII.

,clx2[ ^^

solicitous or

concerned about,
n^j;

bestoiv

pains or labour upon.
^jl.

— Heb.
2115^,
ó^*-/;-

(for

i3y),

Aram,
return,
yi1(P'^\
^'//'//v//

3li,

impf.

c>yju>,

repeat or

do again (comp.

^<n,

^;,
"iiyn

become
solemnly,
_^(>

(is.'J).

Heb.
Syr.

n^iy

round,

testify;

,^il

C*^^)

accustom; Aeth.

^^I

round

or about, wliich see.

^Lft. IV. ^Lct <?*m/, /^^^.
Rj^xjo,
^^jll.
f.

itiyw,
<'y^.
(I

//6'^>,

aid.
pi.

M^

fountain;

^j^-^, (j^^-

^^^ '^y-

t
C/.JÓI.,

impf.

4^^'
diff.

'^'''"

^^^^9^'y^<'^


be

Heb.

DiJj;

afflict,

dis-

tress;
of

i\e(h.

OCIfi:
signif.

hard,
to

difficult.


in

The
the

origin

these

is

sought

idea
signif.

of
of

tying firmly
1) binding

(^^,
,

-^^); hence

arise

tlie

up wounds, curing or healing (-=5^); 2) of

collecting

{Cj-^

il^

a body of meii)

;

3) of ha7'd-


ncss,

136
the


various signif. of a)
diffi-

whence

originate

culty (OBfi:).

h) calamity
k

{^_^ul. of a year of famine

caused by drougiit. ^.
ness or severity

^ r *o
d) J-

and

^^^.sojy^a^)

,

cj ste?'/f^>^

(óC^"fl.'),

anyer (J./«ox,
-^

2Vv!),

^7^-

pression, affiiction (2^;,

^

,

sl^Aa):

4)

of violent

exertion, zeal, perseverance {C^.j^Lk,

C^^^.^\\ ^.ojlj,
and
in

xw Jifr

patriotic or religious zeal)
of
/'*//,

,

a

more ge2?iV')'

neral sense

labour ,
signif.

norlc
llie

(2*iy,

Z^j;,
,

Comp.

the various
pin.
/^n'r

of

rad.

Juó

""ti'

and

^^,
^jJLc.

the holt or

of a door:
a/'/lict

pi.

^-^^1.
I^tt^ he

Ic.,

im[tf.

lij,

rry^vv,

oy yrieve. VIII.
cc:;

giieved

or distressed.
Cliald.

Ileb.

(see Gesenius' Thesaurus):

D>c>*

^y/^/Zv

.^////i^/

(prop,

cover

the

eyes,

Ar.

"^-^
"(jS.
s\

^<"

May/) an

1

CCJ/PN be
of,

blind.

impf.
^ ^
f.

rvlijsliccj)

take possession

carry off as booty.

1^
XL,
impf.

and yoats
pi.

((lie

most important possessions

of a n(jmade people):
v*Aj,
-y/V^/i'
i^/9>'^v/',

Jj^S.
lo?v

/y^

or sunken,

subside,

set

(the sun).

xIl
/^y
.•

M^//"
in

/^•///r//

lies

lo?v

or

^/<'Y7-',

M^

bottom,

a
of

valthe

particular

>.jlM

eJ-Ghor,

the valley

Jordan.

o

a conj.,

differing

from

:

in

that

it

implies,

not a

mere

ju.vtaposition of two

Ihiiigs

or events,

hut

an

otmard


effect

137


it

p7'ogrcssion or an inieiiml connection, as of cause and

and the
into

like.

Hence

may

be very
as
the

variously

translated

English,

according-

context

de-

mands.
also

Sometimes

by

then

(in

which
as:

case
Ijjo

it

may
."J

be

aKogether passed

over),

v^Uli"

^j.JviLCf

^>o cióLi if thou hast said
unbeliever;

this,

(then) thou

art an
?/ ^6'

^j^loU

atJUl

^^I:s\.j

pcij

^^j^,

/<?;^

God,

{then)

follow me.

Sometimes simply
^^Li y vf^
«"

by and,
thirsty

as:

^-jwXo gLo
(in

^at.

JI^

/^<?

-'^Wi'

and

consequence)
in

;^'^«/'

/If?

« spring
that

to
(in

drink.

Sometimes by

order that,
is

so that,
in

which

case a following verb
as:
ILlsaJI

put

the

subj.,

as after J),

Jit^oU

^.jx

b J

Jl-I pa?'don me,
so,
it

my
many

Lord, that I may enter (and
I

and

in

consequence,
in

shall

enter)

Paradise.

Hence

corresponds

points with the socalled 71mm conversivum of the

Hebrew.

So-^jsxi

the dawn, the morning.
impf.
«- virf
II.
'

I,li,

cleave or divide;

remove ones sorrow,
he

console.

_ Ji

id.

V.

^aj

free

of grief,

amuse or entertain one'sself
'

Syr. ^„

^ and

^^^zj.

ji,

impf.

'^"yki,

he glad, happy, rejoice.

^ li
li, impf.
,jiili,

./^>y,

happiness.
//("^,

lij,

rz^;?

rt'^z'^y.

impf.

^Jii,,

cut or
edict.

z^^"/*://,

fix or determine, ordain,

proclaim by
other

Cogn.
the

^"-J,
syll.

yi^-,

^i^ ,

^'^^^

words

containing

ic

(see

Gesenius

Thesaurus,

art.

"ns).

9*


^•ws,
iniiif.

138


'^^.
distinction,

^'vAJ, be afraid.

^"yi fear.

J-ói, impf. Juflij, divide.
Jufli
«^/

Syr.

division,

difference or
pi.

chapter or

section, season of the year;

^yjj^.

^

in,

on, concei^ning, in com])arison with.

Jui

,

impf.

JlSj

,

r^/7^^

towards, approach

;

receive or ac-

f <?/?/. IV. JJj| approach, in a friendiy manner, ?'eceive
kindly, in a hostile manner, attack; unde?'take anything.


JJj
/«>

See Chald.
prop,

gl.

h2p.
is

that fvhich
iiXJ3

opposite;

adv.

ace.

jJUs
him.

//^

possession;

^^

on

his part,

from

Aram.
Jj'

^2^. or ^2p, '^a.ko,

2^C.
cut through,
finished,
tXii,
is

adv. derived from the rad.
the
cXS,

S^

conveying

idea of being done
or
slill

and
,

already.
pref. to

Hence
in

more emphat.

a verb

the perf.

to

indicate the entire completion

of

the act at

a past time, as:

iJ^

LSlfo jJ^
tXjT

we have (already)

narrated his
his

reign; 3^'

house,

but

50^55 s'^L^ he went to found he had (already) gone out. U
Isn".

also conveys the idea of sufficiency, as

ó {^^^)
is

^^
some-

a dirham

(coin)

is

enough for me; and

hence used
sometimes,
liar

with the impf. in the sense of pretty often,
pei'haps,

as

Jjuoj

Ó

Ct^dSiS

^^

the

times speaks the truth.

139
»tX9,
s


yltU^T

impl.

^JJb,

\ósA^,,

be jmwerful, able.

.t>U part. adj. powerful, able.
y^tXiJ.
II.

u^tXi* /?W7/^,
f

consecrate;
I

hence

cill^ft

or y^cXiuJ

cyoo or ^j^^^^j

v:i^yo

Jei'usalem.


'

See

Chaid.

gl.

K'ip.

yilcXi purity, sanctity ;
(j^tXiLlt

hence yljJiJI Jerusalem,
//^(?

.111 (0

or y*/tXJ!

_5j

holy

spirit

(according

the

Muhammadans,
|»tXij,
^<?

the angel Gabriel).

*tXs,

impf.

before,

precede;

IjS',
<?»<?

impf.

IcXL',


o jo,

approach, arrive; IdS, impf. IjJb,

old

w ancient.
(^<:'-

See Syr.

gi.

>o,^.
'j.J.jJ
/;?

j%tjo prop.
/?>r^;

//^^

front; adv. ace.
/>w;^ before,

/>-^;?/ 6>/,

aIJo

^
,

away

fro7n.

iuipf.

o 4^5 thro7v; th^ow up, vomit — See
,

Aetli. gl.

1 J?

A"

Is , impf.
^6'

j^ I^
^«/<?^,

^<?

cold; be quiet, stay, remain. X.

^.£x*«|^

remain, dwell.


ij:?

Aeth.
r^/f/.

*P<>4Z,.'

^? cold, Syr.

jj^^

Chald. l"ij^nN; Heb.
c"?/^,

^IS', impf. yóJb,
Aeth.

^<?/?>'',

gnaw.
'^1[^;

Cognate form
Chald.
^^np,

yjoS-,
chiefly

^Z,9: shear;
in

HeJi.

used

such
to

phrases

as
or

('ii"lp)

''ni^"i|'5

^'^'^.^

'^1
,

-oior-jja

slander

calumniate

a

jjo'son

Ar,

pis,

impf.

P^,
yip^

^<"i7/,

knock.
(see

VIIL ^i^l^

'"'^-^^

^^^^-y-

Heb.
Vji'^

/^«/% r^/^r/
unitatis

^'J).
a gourd.

nomen
«
/<>/.

Ri-lS',

— See

Syr. gl. Il^c.

ifcto


._^Jlj'

140


:

the innej'most part,

interior
(^JLi*.

hence pith,
Heb. 27P.
gl.

keiniel,

mar-

row, the heart;
OLi, impf.

pi,

^^,,

say,
*/<7/^</

speak.
?/y>,

— —
.

See Syr.

Vo.
Chald. gl. D^p.

lU", impf. f^yb,

?vó^^,

stand.

— See
1

Go-

^^

people, a people ,

a nation;

^ •'"T

pi.

(•Ml-

J
1^,
impf.

j-Jo,

/^<^

larffe,

stout ;

Is, impf JXf. be
illustrious,

old.

Aeth.

^-flZ,

:

be

honoured,

Heb.

"^spp,

Svr. ;Iis.
j.A-J^ /^//y^,
^/^/,

^i'YY//

or famous;

pi.

»L3^

^'5-y

Heb.
jji$^

"i^^D.

impf
yfjif
,

jJl5o,

^e

;;^w<7//,

numerous.

much, many, numerous.

- (it

lw>5"^/ 6w/^, throne;

pi.

j^c*-'^
to,

See Chakl.
abhor,

gl.

NDir.

sJ^

impf.

s^IXj,
id.

be averse

dislike,

take amiss.
force,
j^-'Z,

V.

yT
1^


,

Aelh.

'/F-CU:

(Ar.

5^)

com^"]3r^!,

pulsion:^

Syr.

oi^z] yrieve, be sick, Chald.

Syr.

or ^^^

which

see.

Iwwi^,

impf.

wwiS, break, put

to

rout.

VII. y^^S^l be bro-

ken, routed, ivrecked.
2
'

Jj^ Mf? whole,
jv-LT.
11.

all.

-— See

Chald. gl.
to,

/Z.

iJi^ speak, speak

address.


Ul^'
^jl^,

141


J%S'
the leord

J^kS' Speech, address; jJJI

of God.

?iwd;

pi.

Iji^ cLUJi^.
become, happen.

impf,

-oyQ,

(^t';,

— SeeAeth.

gl.

^i!

^JuS'

how ?

J

emphat.

part.,

certainhj.
jjt^

Of constant occurrence
6'6></ is

after J^t,

as: ;*iiJ «JLM
in

ym/y

i^eady to forgive,
after
Ll

and
and

the apodosis

of conditional

statements,

Sp,

as:

(Xs\^'
(it),

V;

'5-?^

^

^^^

^y^^

P

'^ ^^^^^

had known

they

ivould

not have

crucified

the

Lord of glory ;
life,

also in such phrases as:
<^_^

^yjó

hy

my

viJLof

W4J.I

^/<tf

///?

of thy father.
to,

J, and with pron.
of the dat.,

sufF.

J, ^, for, according
the
ace.

etc.

Sign

and of
as
viJLJ

(principally

with particip.
7vith

and

inf.,

v^^^xslxj
//^^

/f//w^

^/^^^

wonder,

v:yLJó!^l|
5^jr ;

slX-^

^.j-lUl

expounders of these ver,

or

when

the ace. precedes the verh

as

pjS

-..^^otf
gloss, h.

^^Y-^

'/ y<^ interpret visions).


subj.

(jj

See Chald.

J

in

order
Ifllj

that,

that;

construed with

the

,

as
(to
is

lU^
flee).

(^lilj
it

Jonah arose that he might
identical

flee

Prop,

is

with

the

prep.

J,

and

often

conjoined with
«/«</

^^j'

(as
to

^j.^m-^JI J^I ^j^'
be
the
first

c;-^^

'^r^';

/

/^Y/ó-

ordered

of the Muslims),


o o ^c

142


!sl

always wlien followed by the neg.
*-L*ilj

(as

dUj
in

Jli USI

oi-^ULwwo

!^K^

/«^

said this

o?ihj

order (hat

learning might
!9

?iot

be disparaged
it

'^l

for

"^^^

no, not.

When
gl,

=

t'N,

is

followed by the Jussive.

See Chald.
!!tó, for

n^.

Sjj^,

?'«

order that
since.


See

not.

See J.
J^l,

^^

and jj!^ because,
impf.

^jl,

and Jgl.

y!«.J,

(jlJJbj

j^^^^

^^ clothes.

See Chald.

tt'D^

JoJ.
^ji^^l

See Jk£.
I

or
the

jjXJ

<^?//.

Before

nouns and pron.
construed
with

suff.
llie

it

takes

form

"jO,

and

is

ace.

(but

1S3
ij
/;<?/;

as v;ell as ^^^1)0). as

followed by the Jussive,

yx^\ v^:? c^^

^'^
I*"'

did not tike poetinj.

O Q

when, after,
(also IJ

and

in

poet.

Ij)

^''^

account of what?

why?

See LÓ.
yllj
///^r<?

is

not,
]i;\

7vas

not.

Comp.
gl.

of

Si

and the

obsol.

^1
JoJ

=

See

Cliald.
'»}!}

nw*.
\\.

night;

nomen

unitatis

a night,

JLIi.

See

Chald. gl. b^h.

r

what?

that which, what, whatever.

In

interrog.

Vo

is

often annexed,

as oJLi"

lj>

U, o-ol

13

UJ

(see

|j>).


The same word
aaIojuv!
lo?ig
is

143
as


conj.
,

used

/;?

as fa?- as

(Lc
,

in

as fa?- as
v^ajoo

I ca?

as

??iuch

as I caa)
7-cmain

as

as

(LI&.
(in
e.

U

as

long

as

I

alive),

and ho?v
wonder,
co?uluct!

one of the verbal forms
d^xl

of

expressing
is

g.

w^l

/^^^y^^

st?-a?ige

your

oój^

Lo tXwl Lo ho?v

violent is

your

grief!).

From

?iot.

it

too has sprung

See Gesenius' Hebr. Gr.

16 th

ed.,

p.

239. note

*

of the Engl, transl.

cUuo 7vares,
Joo,

7?ie?-chandise,

utensils, fu?-?uture ; pi,

SjuuoI.

w»ijJ^ Mard-atoc'^ the propliet Jonah

is

called

by the

Arabs

-'^-'^
JcLo,
Jocvc,
//Ay?;,

^^
impf.

u^y->''c5/'/^^/

'--.
^r^^^;

JoLfj,

Jcuo,

''oimpf Joi^j,

<^^

resemble;

?nake

like,

assimilate,

compare.
^a'c:


(J-?

Aeth. <Pt\S.\ or <^£iA: he like,
like,

seem; Heb.
pe'il
'5\"C

Chald.
'rii'C

II.

t^rcN,
all

part,

^J*.^'^.

The
Aeth.

noim

occurs in

the dialects:

Ar.

Jcto,

<?=>i^A:

Aram. N^nc,
/^
//A'^

}3z^^

"^ZA^.
pi.

J^
//A-(?,

/r/^ór/

or

equal,

Juuo!
t'ti'D

;

adv.

ace.
1.

Jji^o

rt-^.

Heb.
by,

h'^y^,

Phoen.
r/;^r/_y.

(inscr.

Eryc.

3).

Lo, impf.
gjlc

"l^j,

pass

on, or
pi.

r/

5/;/y/'

//w^;

^\l^,

-f^'^
pi.

^^^- ^^^- ^r*
^-wwuo.

^'^'"'"•

^JLo
"kx

^/

ga?-??ient

of coarse cloth;
?^'///^

or

Lo ;w//^
^/

^//<);?^

f^^i

6r^///<>/',

pi.

— See ^^SiJc. — See

Chald. gl. c>.
Syr. gl. j-Ji^.

.

.


dLLó,
impf.
viJUUj,

144

he

master of, possess.

See

Cliald.

yiJLLo

«/^

owncj' or possessor, king ;

pi.

d JL*
gl.

jP
^%xi

(in

Egypt.
of,

^^
p.

or ,j-vf)

i'^'/^<?.'^

See Chald.

from,

out of;

after the comparative,

than.

p.
See

Chald. gl.

yyUo, impf.
vijj^

ci>«-4j,

<//<:*,

<^^

</^'<?r/.


fro,

See Chald.

gl.

D'C.

dcatli.

^

IX^

,

impf.
9 c-

^y^.i move

^

to
G

and

1)e

agitated.

,

yA a wave,
JLÓ,
impf.
Jov.»j,

pi.

^?^l.
or incline.
VI.

-of

^<?/^<^

JoUj

/J^^^/z^/

/>

and

fro, be agitated or tossed about.

(jlLS.

See
impf.

^LUJ.
LUj,
<^^

Uj,

raised or elevated.
as

11.

Uj <^7W^

;?<";«'.?,

announce;
a prophet.
S

choose

a prophet.
gl,
pi.

V. 1.^3 appear as

See Chald.
« p?'ophet,
//c^'

N2J
- o^ i^CuJl.

(for

lo'

^j^aS^)

HIo

(for

ij^wó)

^-y^r^:"

of prophet, p?'opheci/

,

a

prophecy.
viLuJ,
I

impf. impf.
III.

o-yj,
.lXaj,

sprout, grow.
r<7//

Jo,

or

summon; come
call or

together,

assemble.

^5t>lS

<:vy

out, proclai?n,
?w^'.

summon.
gl.

Tjó, impf. ^jdJ, ;X1},

See Chald.

Ti:.

GSJo «
.

O'j
tJWi';
pi.

^^jó.


^^
J^,
,

145


snatch away.

impf.

^^j
in

,

tear or pull

off,

— Cognate

words
impf.

Heb. are yoj and riDJ;

J^,

come

do?vn, descend, alight,
flo?v.

take up ones

abode.

Heb. ^n

Jaj, impf. will}, JhjS,
See Syr.
ijtJó
f.

see,

look

at,

observe, consider.

gl.

j^j.
life ;

the soul,

a person, person or
gl.

self;

pi.

yju-ttj|.


*1<j
,

tl^',

See Chald.

k'b:.

«ij

,

impf.
fts\S

be of use or advantage.
adj.

part.

useful;

«ii|

w(?r<?

useful,

better.

1^,

impf.

Lgij'

A*^'^'-

^^^ Chald.
pi.

gl.

iro.

j-^, wgi, «
^^4^,

?'iver,

a canal;
^^•'^^^

^LgJl.
^^''^^
^^'

impf
reach.

j-4^' §^"'
VIII.

'"
/<?,

^'^^

P^"^^-

t5^'
to

^^4^'

^^^/i'^^

reach; come

an end,

be finished.
llj,
impf.
In
(•LIT,
5/(?^/?.


in

Aeth.

1<P\ Heb. DJ, Syr.
sleep,

>qj.

Ar.

lU

is

used

speaking of soimd
Heb.
the

Th^j
j'^^

of
is

lighter

slumbers;

in

use

of

CJ

and

reversed.
i^l^^^.'

^P-ó'

Nineveh.

^^,
k^
tti
,

impf.

w»4j>

^^'^'^-

IV-

v^'
/^^f^'^

w<7^^

^A?;^.

,

impf ioA^,

Ja-A-^j

</<?/«'/?;,

^<?

r/(9;^>;^,

descend.

Ijk^, impf.

I<X^,

^<?

6M,

^tó/^^.

Aeth.

U^Ai:
10

'

.

-

^

-

I

II
'i
pi.
''
'


146


I

^

^Lijc:

s=!^iJ0.

— Comp.
or

^

of L^

=

-

-

nTi,

|n

,

and 13-

Cli,

impf.
G^ ^

v^^,

//^t'.

JjCx^

anything

large

bulky ,

espec.
gl.

«

/<7;'_^<?

building,

palace, temple.

See Chald.

'^r^n.
<//^,

dUjc, impf. dULgS, and dll^, impf. dUL§j, See Chald.
(JLIp>
//^;t,
gl.

perish.


its

I'^n.
LIjd
/#^;'<?

//^^t-^,

Comp, of
and

and J. (comp.

Other forms
I

are

iLHJj

,

LlffL^

,

H^
pi.

j

and

compounds)

ye,

f.

^,
J^.

/^f?,

^^", /^y

du.

U^;
by

m. I^
or

(in

poet,

^jd),

f.

When
syll.
is

preceded
gen.

:

3,

the

vowel of

the

first

dropped,

Isa:,

^^J^


as

See

Chald.

gl.

^nn.

ij

yc (iS^,

fii>yeL^)

interj.,

JUd, impf

J^,
/^<7/%

terrify.
pi.

Jyo
tl^
,

terror, anything terrible ;
,

Jlyel.
II.

impf.

iL^

ijc-gj

,

-^"^

prepa?'ed, ready.

Ll^ó

prepare,

7nake ready.
_,L^, impf. ^.gj,
<^<?

agitated,

excited, rage\

excite, rouse.

~
ol^,

SeeAeth.

gl.

17^::

impf.

tXl>j

(^^//-y

r///i;tf.

VIII,

oli]^ ^(?

ó7(9;d'/y

rt'/c?//^.

Formed by

transposition

from
"i\s
^/

o\ (o^f)
burden.

^^//</,

/<?«</

or

burden, oppress , Heb.

;


sjy; weight; slowness
stedfastness
or

147
in


motion,
delay or
hesitation:

gravity,
like

patience,

endu7'anc€

(comp.

nU«,

TJ^^).

Formed

«ijo

ease,
;

affluence,

from
staff,

c t> j

;

X>-<U indigestion , from j^.^
from LXjf
(l^i);
x-i-gj'

sUo a prop,

cushion,
farther

suspicion,

from l^i
inheritance,

^^Uo
j»:
;

confidence, from Jk5:,

^^13

from

^j

/^ar

6»/

God,

from

J:.
'LhS\^

Comp.

such secondary formations as

1^ =

^if

=
its

j^J, jJo (Aram, ^rn, vJz)
derivatives

=

Jl^J, jJi and
,

from

jj^

,

Ljj

=
and

£Jbj

Igi ==

lp[,
from

l:vj
tX^t.

=

^~^[

from la.!,
in

j^^xi

=

J^^s^l.

Freytag has

his
I

Lexicon ^3*S* under ó\ and
believe,

soy
j^;,

under

t>;

hoth,

mistakes.

impf.

JcssJ find.
the fi'ont ,

tjLl the face,

suiface ;

nmy

or

manner ;

pi.

IXi^r,

tXsi^j,
soj't,

impf.

lXj^, ^^

(J'/c*;^^,

single,
gl.

the only one

of

the
s

unique.
*6>/^;,

See Chald.

"in.

Jl&.!«

6>«^,

alone.

Aeth. Tm.'?'"
tf//<z///
/<?,

Jk^r impf. J-CL3,
in

y^//^,

come or

reach.

— Hence
/jw*^,

Syr.

IL^,
_j,
II.
<^<?

Ar. Jlo^, a Joint.
entire
,

^:,
a

impf.
debt.

keep faith or

(>/^6''6'

pay

^|;

keep engagements ,
to

perform promises,

or

pay

debts ,

the uttermost

(prop,
Syr.

make
w.,^©!

complete,

from
also

^5
^<?

entire,

abundant^.

be

able,
'/^'-

consumed,

cease, perish;

Aeth.

ACD'Z.P'

.


liver up.
|V-Lw,

148
diff.


signif.,

As

to

these
~*j",

comp. the rad.

d'tiS',

and en,

in

the several dialects.

liLT,
(jIaj,

1C^ Jaffa,
inipf.

or Joppa.
c^-'v^nf
«//?,

u^-I^' ^^

?vithe?'ed.
Mj'z^.

II.

^^^l^IJ

^;v/

?//>,

»/tfA? wither.
s ^—

— See
left

Chald. gl.

(j**^

« dry place, dry land.

jj

f.

the

hand;
left

du.

^fjo; ph

cXjI,

4>bl.

— See

Ch. gl.

"i^

LwwJ

M^
f.

side,

hand

=
yD''.

^£yA>*jJ\.

\^
llj

the right side, right

hand

=

^I^jJI,

an oath,

pi.

^L^jI.
a


(i.

See Chald.
e.

gl.

day
is

the

civil

day of 24 hours;
JoJ);
pi.

the

natural

r/tf^

.LJj,
D1"».

as opp. to night

^Gl.

See'

Chald. gl.
J.ijlj,

ijl^Jj

Jonah;

^t\\.

called

by

the

Arabs

(j«j*j

{Iwvag).

Leipzic: PiinteJ

by

Fr. Nie«.

PLEASE

DO NOT REMOVE
FROM
THIS

CARDS OR

SLIPS

POCKET

UNIVERSITY OF

TORONTO

LIBRARY

BS 1601 W7 1^57

Bible. O.T. Jonah. Polv
lf*57

The book of Jonah in Semitic versions

;
1

1;

'

!i

1

,1
' ' :

' i
1

ii!

'

i!

i

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