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Supplement C: Excel Workbook

#oclcresearch #rrafreport

Karen Smith-Yoshimura, Micah Altman, Michael Conlon, Ana Lupe Cristán, Laura Dawson, Joanne
Dunham, Thom Hickey, Amanda Hill, Daniel Hook, Wolfram Horstmann, Andrew MacEwan, Philip
Schreur, Laura Smart, Melanie Wacker, and Saskia Woutersen

A companion to the OCLC Research report,


Registering Researchers in Authority Files

Available at:

http://www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2014/oclcresearch-registerin

Suggested citation:

Smith-Yoshimura, Karen; Micah Altman; Michael Conlon; Ana Lupe Cristán; Laura Dawson; Joanne
Dunham; Thom Hickey; Amanda Hill; Daniel Hook; Wolfram Horstmann; Andrew MacEwan; Philip
Schreur; Laura Smart; Melanie Wacker; and Saskia Woutersen. 2014. Supplement C: Excel
Workbook. Dublin, Ohio: OCLC Research.

http://www.oclc.org/content/dam/research/publications/library/2014/oclcresearch-registering-researchers-2014-supplement-

Contents:
Worksheet 1. Research Networking Systems

Worksheet 2. Functional Requirements

Worksheet 3. Profiles

Worksheet 4. Systems Mapped to FRs

© 2014 OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. This work is


licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
thority Files

r, Inc. This work is


on 3.0 Unported License.
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Name Website Comments


Academia.edu http://academic.edu
Academic Analytics http://www.academicanalytics.com/

Activity Insight http://www.digitalmeasures.com/faculty-activity-reporting-software/


Arnet Miner http://arnetminer.org/
arXiv http://arxiv.org Links to author pages
Aggregator of different IR content; one of
Authorclaim http://authorclaim.org/ the earliest
Bibapp http://bibapp.org/
C-IKNOW http://ciknow.northwestern.edu/
Integrated with national repository service,
Cirriculum DeGóis (Portugal) https://curriculum.degois.pt/ RCAAP
Collaborative Partnership / Profile System http://www.uta.edu/research/collaborate/
Columbia University Scientific Profiles http://irvinginstitute.columbia.edu/cusp/cgi-bin/ww2ui.cgi/splash Excluded - doesn't provide persistent IDs
Colwiz http://www.colwiz.com/
Community Academic Profiles http://med.stanford.edu/profiles/
Community of Scholars http://pivot.cos.com/
ConceptWiki http://www.conceptwiki.org/index.php/Main%20Page
Connotea http://www.connotea.org/ Going away 2013-03-12

Covered by Symplectic as a stand-in for all


Research Information Management
Converis http://thomsonreuters.com/converis/ Systems
CS AKTive Space (CAS) http://www.aktors.org/technologies/csaktivespace/
CTSciNet http://www.aaas.org/news/releases/2009/1020networks.shtml
CurvitaTM Profile Manager http://www.curvita.com/

Digital Author Identifier (DAI) http://www.surf.nl/en/themas/openonderzoek/infrastructuur/pages/digitalauthoridentifierdai.aspx


Example of local initiativer
Digital Vita https://digitalvita.pitt.edu/
Epernicus: where science meets http://www.epernicus.com
EUREKA!TM Enhancing Student Research http://www.utexas.edu/research/eureka/
EuroCRIS portals http://www.eurocris.org
Expertise @ Maryland http://www.newsdesk.umd.edu/experts/
eyeLIMS http://sourceforge.net/projects/eyelims/
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Name Website Comments


FaceBook http://www.facebook.com Agreed covered by LinkedIn
Faculty Profile System http://www.faculty.uci.edu/
Florida ExpertNet http://expertnet.org/
Friendfeed http://friendfeed.com/

Academic profiles created from a


publishing perspective - Editorial Board
Membership / Editor in Chief / Reviewer /
Frontiers Network http://www.frontiersin.org/about/researchnetworking Author
GENIUS http://www.infoed.org/GeniusSearch/genius.asp
Google Scholar http://scholar.google.com Data-mining/indexing
Harvard Open Scholar http://openscholar.harvard.edu/
HiveMind http://www.binaryplex.com/
i2iConnect http://www.i2iconnect.org/Home.action
iamResearcher http://www.iamresearcher.com/
iAMscientist http://www.iamscientist.com/
INDURE (Indiana Database for University
Research Expertise) https://www.indure.org/
Covered by Arxiv as a discipline-based
INSPIRE http://inspirehep.net/ service
ISNI (International Standard Name Identifier) http://www.isni.org
JSpace http://pelorus.clarkparsia.com/
Knode http://knodeinc.com/
LabMeeting http://labmeeting.com
Laboratree http://laboratree.org
LabSpaces http://labspaces.net

Entire nation represented, collected across


academic and industry - unique process.
Lattes Platform http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lattes_Platform Government-run.
LatticeGrid http://wiki.bioinformatics.northwestern.edu/wiki/index.php/LatticeGrid
LinkedIn http://www.linkedin.com/ Social network
Loki http://www.icts.uiowa.edu/Loki/
Mendeley http://www.mendeley.com/ Soc network: Data quality improving
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Name Website Comments


Data-mining/indexing - covered by Google
Microsoft Academic Search Profiles http://academic.research.microsoft.com Scholar
My Net Research http://www.mynetresearch.com/
myExperiment http://www.myexperiment.org
MyScienceWork http://www.mysciencework.com/en/
NACO (Name Authority Cooperative Program) http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/naco/index.html
Names Project http://names.mimas.ac.uk/

HUBzero is the platform, http://hubsero.org;


nanoHUB https://nanohub.org/ nanoHUB is one of the platform users
NARCIS (National Academic Research and
Collaborations Information System) http://www.narcis.nl/ Broader than DAI.
Nature Network http://network.nature.com/
Neo http://www.neotechnology.com
Neurocommons project http://sciencecommons.org/projects/data
Ning http://www.ning.com/
OpenWetWare http://openwetware.org
ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) http://orcid.org
Plaxo http://www.plaxo.com/
Profiles Research Networking Software http://profiles.catalyst.harvard.edu/

PubMed is an important system for many


researchers and well integrated with many
other systems. But undergoing
development and a profile runs risk of
PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed being outdated quickly so excluded.
PubZone http://www.pubzone.org
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Name Website Comments

Covered by Symplectic as a stand-in for all


Research Information Management
PURE http://www.elsevier.com/online-tools/research-intelligence/products-and-services/pure
Systems
REACH NC Life Science Experts Visualization Toohttp://reachnc.org/
RePEc Author Service https://authors.repec.org/ Covered by Arxiv as subject-specific
Research Cooperative http://cooperative.ning.com/
Research Crossroads http://www.researchcrossroads.org/

Platform for scientists to share - covered by


nanoHUB but much broader - also covered
Research Gate http://www.researchgate.net/ by Mendeley
Research in View http://researchanalytics.thomsonreuters.com/researchinview/

Funder profile - Covered by SciENcv; no


evidence that met selection criteria (public
Research.gov http://www.research.gov/ profile management)
Researcher Name Resolver (NII, Japan) http://rns.nii.ac.jp/
ResearcherID http://researcherid.com
ResearchMatch.org https://www.researchmatch.org/
RKBExplorer http://www.rkbexplorer.com/explorer/
Scholarometer http://scholarometer.indiana.edu/
SciENcv http://rbm.nih.gov/profile_project.htm Funder profile
SciLinks http://www.scilinks.org/
Now integrated into Columbia U. Scientific
Sciologer at Columbia http://www.dbmi.columbia.edu/sciologer/intro.html Profiles
SciVal Experts (formerly Collexis Expert Profiling) http://info.scival.com/experts
Scivee http://www.scivee.tv/
Scopus http://www.info.sciverse.com/scopus

Academic profiles created from the


perspective of a conglomerated Digital
Selected Works http://works.bepress.com/ Repository
silobreaker http://www.silobreaker.com/
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Name Website Comments

Used as an example of Current Research


Information Systems, thus covering both
Symplectic Elements http://www.symplectic.co.uk/ Converis and PURE
Trove's People (National Library of Australia) http://trove.nla.gov.au/people/
uCosmic http://www.ucosmic.org/
Veomed http://www.veomed.com/
VIAF (Virtual International Authority File) http://viaf.org
VIVO http://vivoweb.org
Wiki Professional http://cwaapp1.liacs.nl/CWA/WikiProtein/index.php/Main%20Page
Wikipedia http://www.wikipedia.org/
Yaffle http://www.yaffle.ca/
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Key:
Yellow: Profiled
Rose: Excluded
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Key:
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Key:
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Key:
Research Networking Systems—Candidates Considered

Key:
Functional Requirements Derived from 18 Use Case Scenarios

FR Stakeholder(s) [from Use


Function
Cases]
Aggregator; Researcher;
Associate metadata for a researcher’s intellectual output with the researcher’s University administrator;
identifier. Identity management system;
Librarian

Create metadata consistent and robust enough to allow for successful integration with Identity management system;
other researcher’s output and various types of sorting. Librarian
Retrieve all the necessary metadata for the intellectual output related to a specific Identity management system;
researcher. Librarian
Aggregator; Identity
Disambiguate similar results. management system;
Librarian
Aggregator; Identity
Merge entities that represent the same researcher and split entities that represent management system;
different researchers. Librarian
Aggregator; Researcher;
Determine that a researcher or a work related to a researcher is not already University administrator;
represented. Identity management system;
Librarian

Aggregator; Identity
Associate an identifier with an identity which resolves to information about the management system;
researcher. Librarian
University administrator;
Register a researcher who does not yet have a persistent identifier. Librarian; Researcher
Aggregator; Identity
Record and disseminate a researcher’s various roles or subject categories. management system;
Librarian
Aggregator; Identity
Record identifiers within the metadata for the resource management system;
Librarian

13
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

System URL Type Year started

1991 (repository);
2004 (author
arxiv.org endorsement system);
arXiv Subject repository
2005 (began authority
records); 2009 (public
author identifiers)

http://authorclaim.org/ Subject Author ID


AuthorClaim Early 2008
Service

Researcher profile 1989 (Community of


Community of Scholars http://www.scholaruniverse.com system; Funding Science); 2011
Opportunities Refworks-COS

Digital Author Identifier (DAI) None Authority hub 2006


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

2004 (citation index;


text search); 2011 -
Profiles
Researcher profile
http://scholar.google.com system; Citation
Google Scholar
Index; Full Text
Index

International Standard Name http://www.isni.org/ Identifier 2011 launch of


Identifier (ISNI) management database

Lattes Platform http://lattes.cnpq.br/ Authority hub 1999


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Library of Congress/NACO
http://authorities.loc.gov/ Authority hub 1982
Authority File

Social networking 2002 (founded)


service; May 5, 2003
LinkedIn http://www.linkedin.com/
Researcher profile (launched)
system

Reference/citation Founded 2007. Beta


Mendeley Mendeley.com and document release 2008. v.1.0
management July 2011
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Names Project http://names.mimas.ac.uk/ Authority hub 2007

Research,
education, and
nanoHUB https://nanohub.org/ 2002
collaboration hub;
science gateway

2003 (started in 2003


as Darenet and
National Research
NARCIS (National Academic became in 2007
Portal
Research and Collaborations http://www.narcis.nl/ Narcis, with the
(Netherlands) or
Information System) integration with the
Network repository
Dutch Research
Database)
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Identifier provider,
identifier hub; Project started in
authority; 2008; First public
ORCID Orcid.org
database of linked release of service
information on 2012
research output

ResearcherID http://www.researcherid.com Authority hub 2008


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

2011 (launched
Researcher profile project; beta version
SciENcv http://rbm.nih.gov/profile_project.htm
system released September
2013)

Research
Information
Symplectic Elements http://www.symplectic.co.uk/ 2003
Management
System (or CRIS)

Virtual International
http://viaf.org Authority hub 2007
Authority File (VIAF)
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

2009 (public service;


Researcher profile
VIVO http://vivoweb.org/ originally developed at
system
Cornell in 2006)

Online
Wikipedia http://www.widipedia.org 2001
encyclopedia
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Purpose

arXiv is a non-profit open access, moderated, e-print repository


maintained by Cornell University Library to advance effective and
affordable scholarly exchange in the fields covered. It is a long-term goal
of arXiv to accurately identify and disambiguate all authors of all articles in
arXiv.

Non-profit service run by Thomas Krichel (founder of RePEc) to give


academics a list of publications in a publicly and easily accessible manner.

To allow researchers to identify people working in their field of interest;


enables finding of potential collaborators and funding opportunities

To provide authorized headings to be used in cooperative (national)


research registration effort.
Used for by research information management systems in the
Netherlands.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Stand on the shoulders of giants”; Provide a simple way to search


scholarly literature.

ISNI is an ISO certified global standard for identifying the millions of


contributors to creative works and those active in their distribution,
including writers, artists, creators, performers, researchers, producers,
publishers, aggregators, and more. It is part of a family of international
standard identifiers that includes identifiers of works, recordings, products
and right holders in all repertoires, e.g. DOI, ISAN, ISBN, ISRC, ISSN,
ISTC, and ISWC. ISNI can be assigned to all parties that create, produce,
manage, distribute or feature in creative content including natural, legal, or
fictional parties, and is essential to those working in the creative industries
for quick, accurate and easy identification.
Inter alia, ISNI will serve the following key purposes:
1. Act as a bridge-identifier across multiple domains for all sectors
2. Facilitate reliable royalty management services across all repertoires
and throughout the value chain.
3. Allow for more accurate, complete and efficient discovery services
spanning all domains.
4. Provide an infrastructure for academics and researchers to establish
their identity for the purpose of reputation management and
communication of their output.
5. Provide an infrastructure for organization identification to smooth and
improve the functioning of the information supply chain.

To provide unique identifiers for Brazilian researchers, Masters and PhD


students (it also covers researchers outside Brazil who collaborate/publish
with Brazilian researchers) and research institutions.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

To provide authorized headings to be used in cooperative cataloging


efforts and wherever a nationally authorized heading is needed, generally
in support of creating bibliographic data.

Social networking service mainly used for professional networking and job
searches by building and maintaining connections to colleagues,
companies, and experts in a given field.

Mendeley is a free reference manager and academic social network that


can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and
discover the latest research.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

To provide unique identifiers for UK researchers and research institutions

Webportal of the Network for Computational Nanotechnology providing a


space for “computational nanotechnology research, education, and
collaboration.” (about us, accessed March 14, 2014)

To store the results of all Dutch research (including research data) in a


network of repositories, thus facilitating access to them. By making use of
the DAI, all research output published at different universities, can be
listed on a personal page of the researcher. See
http://www.narcis.nl/personpub/RecordID/PRS1238288/id/2/coll/person/La
nguage/EN/uquery/dijkgraaf with publications from (1) KNAW, (2)
University of Amsterdam and (3) Utrecht.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

ORCID is an open, non-profit, community-based effort to provide a registry


of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking
research activities and outputs to these identifiers

To provide individuals with a profile for their research publications and


allow them to generate citation metrics and collaboration networks
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The goal of the SciENcv pilot is to capture individual profile information


from a variety of existing resources and make it available to the
investigator on a voluntary basis.

Symplectic is a developer of integrated research information management


systems. The flagship product Elements captures a range of research and
teaching activities to provide a more complete picture of an institution.

The project's goal is to lower the cost and increase the utility of library
authority files by matching and linking widely-used authority files and
making that information available on the Web.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Linked open data regarding scholarship includes scholar’s works,


projects/funding, data sets, research resources, scholarly activity
(teaching, mentoring, service to the profession) and other biographical
sketch items.

A multilingual, web-based, free-content encyclopedia project operated by


the Wikimedia Foundation and based on an openly editable model.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Description

Electronic archive and distribution server for research


articles which provides support for controlled researcher
names

Metadata store without index or search. Authors


register and have a short URL with a profile of their
publications, for example:
http://authorclaim.org/profile/pkr1/

A specialized online database and search tool that


helps researchers in any discipline use keyword
searching to find people working in their fields of
interests. Pivot links researchers to funding
opportunities.

Central authority files for researchers in the Netherlands.


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Google scholar is by many measures, the dominant


search engine for scholarly literature and citations.

The ISNI system uniquely identifies Public Identities


across multiple fields of creative activity. The ISNI
provides a tool for disambiguating Public Identities that
might otherwise be confused.
ISNI is not intended to provide direct access to
comprehensive information about a Public Identity but
acts as a bridge identifier by providing links to other
systems where such information is held.
The ISNI assignment system assigns ISNIs by matching
and linking contributed data about public identities and
diffusing the identifier back out to the data contributors
to propagate in their databases and services.
Widespread diffusion among many different contributing
sources enables those sources to more efficiently
exchange information about those identities between
one another. Diffusion enables ISNI to link identity to
identity across domains and identity to works/resources
within and across domains.

Lattes is a large system with identifiers for all people


active in research in Brazil and all institutions involved
in producing and in funding research activities.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Accepts, merges, and redistributes authority files from


partners called: NACO nodes. These partners are: The
British Library; OCLC; SkyRiver

LinkedIn is a large professional network on the Internet


operated by the publicly traded company LinkedIn
Corporation.

Automatically generate bibliographies, collaborate with


other researchers, easily import papers, find relevant
papers, annotate papers & share annotations. Can
create public or private interest groups. Has "researcher
profile" capacity with potential utility as author identifier.
Researcher can upload their own papers and make
available for discovery.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The Names Project built a database of UK researchers


from information supplied by institutions and from other
services. Names provided a matching and
disambiguation service at the Mimas data centre in the
University of Manchester, backed up by a manual
quality assurance process provided by staff at the
British Library.

nanoHub (an instance of HUBzero) is a webportal


created by the Network for Computational
Nanotechnology. Researchers can register for free.
Only name and e-mail is required. The majority of
users, registered and unregistered, are affiliated with an
academic institution. The site is heavily focused on
sharing of visualization tools and collaborative tool
development. Profiles of individual members can be
viewed once they have been made public. The profiles
have stable URIs and include information on research
interests, citizenship, place of residence, biography,
affiliation, contributions to nanoHUB, etc.

Provides access to the results of all Dutch research


(including research data) from a network of repositories
(can be compared with Driver on a European level) and
research information.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

(1) Provides a service where individual researchers can


register/create id’s (similar to ResearcherID)
(2) Provide tools for users to manage data privacy and
sharing
(3) Provide a service where individual researchers can
link publications (similar to AuthorClaim), other research
works (patents, datasets, books), other person
identifiers, and organizations (employers, education) to
their ORCID identifier. Several of these services also
consume and post the ORCID id in the external data
base (e.g., EuropePMC, WOS, Scopus, ANDS all
consume the ORCID iDs for claimed items and store it
in their database).
(4) Provides services to authenticate users, embed
identifiers in workflows, and import/export data
(5) Provides services to member organizations to
register employee researchers in bulk, including pre-
population of data fields such as research works,
organization
(6) Provides services to track data provenance (source,
date, validation)
(7) Provide public registry look up service/API
(8) Provide annual public data file under CC0 waiver
(9) Provide free sandbox development environment
(10) Provide free public API that supports
authentication, exchange of public information

"ResearcherID provides the global research community


with an invaluable index to author information. By
assigning a unique identifier to each author who
participates, ResearcherID standardizes and clarifies
author names and citations and makes your information
search more straightforward and accessible." [from the
website]
The service is provided by Thomson Reuters and is
linked to their Web of Knowledge product.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The beta system integrates information from NIH eRA


Commons, NIH Manuscript Submission System
(NIHMS) and PubMed, with optional links to ORCID
identifiers, allowing users to manage information and
produce public profiles in NIH biosketch form.

Symplectic Elements is installed within an institution


and integrates with many systems inside and outside
the institution. People are populated into the system via
integration with the institutional human resources or
identity management system. Integration with ORCID
and ResearcherID.com is possible to add data about
individuals from those data sources. Integration with
Altmetric, ArXiv, CiNii, DBLP, figshare, Google Books,
Mendeley, PubMed, RePEc, SciVal, Scopus, Web of
Science and other bibliographic data sources allows the
system to add scholarly publications to a person’s
profile in an automated manner. Integration with local
grants management systems and external grants data
sources (e.g., ÜberResearch – www.uberresearch.com)
allows the system to also supplement person profiles
with project and grant information. Integration with
generic web content management solutions, VIVO,
Profiles Researcher Networking System allows an
institution to provide a searchable discovery portal for
their research. Elements integrates with repository
technologies and supports institutions in meeting open
access obligations to external bodies.

Merges authority files from national libraries plus


selected regional and trans-national library agencies
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Provides an information model, data store, a Web


interface and a linked open data interface in an open
source data application.

The major online encyclopedia


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Scope

International user base. Repository function covers pre/post-prints in physics,


mathematics, computer science, nonlinear sciences, quantitative biology,
quantitative finance and statistics. Authority records are used to support the
contributor endorsement system which verifies that contributors belong to the
scientific community (content moderation function). Initially, users must opt-in to
have a public author identifier and to expose the record of their articles on arXiv
for use in other services. At some later date arXiv developers hope to be able to
improve the authority records to the point where they can create public author
identifiers for all authors of arXiv articles without needing to enlist the help of
each author to check their record before opting in.

International user base. Originally more suited to economists this service


continues to add more data sources and hence broaden its user base.

International – Any researcher may register

It contains authors from all countries. It concerns names of researchers in


research information systems (all disciplines).
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Any author in a publication indexed by Google scholars; international; all fields.

Information sufficient to support machine matching and disambiguation of name


identities contributed from multiple data sources (see Content for metadata set
defined in Request Schema specification)
Coverage is global across all disciplines and languages, and is not restricted to
researchers but covers all kinds of creators and contributors (see Purpose)

The scope is Brazilian researchers and postgraduate students from all


disciplines (and those outside Brazil who work with them) and research
institutions.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Includes authority records for names of persons; corporate entities; conferences;


place names; works; and expressions across all disciplines

International user base, people in professional occupations, organizations,


companies

Covers all subject disciplines. International user base. Contains repositories of


individuals' documents (articles, presentations etc.), open access articles
available to others in full text, paywall articles have first pages available, citation
metadata, annotation text & metadata (shared via groups, can be public or
private), readership statistics per article.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The scope was UK researchers from all disciplines. Names records are based
on a data model developed in 2008 which used the Functional Requirements for
Authority Records (FRAD) as its starting point.

International user base, Researchers, educators, students and professionals


active in the nanotechnology community.

Access to research (including research data) generated in the Netherlands.


Based on this information, all information about a certain researcher is listed
based on the DAI (contact information, picture, homepage, publications,
projects, etc. and if possible giving access to the full text.)
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Create and maintain a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent


method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers. Users and
members represent multiple disciplines, research sectors and countries.

The scope is active researchers in any field, in any country.


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Focused on U.S. researchers. “Any researcher may register”

Institutional

Authority clusters derived from library authority files for personal, corporate,
conference, jurisdictional, works and expressions
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

All disciplines.

Wide ranging
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Source Content

Accepts article submissions only from individual


registered authors. It is a violation of arXiv
Only author ID and list of that author's publications within
policies to misrepresent your identity or
arXiv. Example: http://arxiv.org/a/warner_s_1. The local part
institutional affiliation. Claimed affiliation should
of the author identifier (the part after http://arxiv.org/a/) is
be current in the conventional sense: e.g.,
designed to be reasonably short and somewhat
physical presence, funding, e-mail address,
memorable/typable. It is created by combining the last name
mention on institutional web pages, etc.
of the author, the first initial, and a sequence number starting
Misrepresentation of identity or affiliation, for any
at 1.
reason, is possible grounds for immediate and
permanent suspension.

Acquires data through feeds from bibliographic


sources. Disambiguates by asking authors to
register and claim records. Current list of sources
Only author ID and list of that author's publications within
available: http://authorclaim.org/collections.
content collections listed above. Example:
Includes: AGRIS, arxiv.org, BASE, CrossRef,
http://authorclaim.org/profile/pkr1/.
Current Index to Statistics, DBLP, E-LIS, ERIC,
Euclid, HAL, IUCR, OpenLibrary, PubMed,
RePEc, SOLIS and SPIRES.

Editorially controlled, and regularly updated,


profiles created from data from various sources
including the scholar directly supplying his/her Author affiliation; Verified publications; Link to scholar's CV;
own information; content from over 70 ProQuest Link to personal website; Research interests; Co-Authors and
and CSA proprietary databases and other certain links to their scholar profiles; Professional memberships and
verified publications such as ABI/INFORM, ERIC associations; Contact information, including e-mail address;
and PubMed; Information is also pulled from the Additional information such as grants, patents and honors
scholar's personal and institutional websites, if it
exists.

The information comes from local research Publicly: name, identifier, name variations, year of birth, place
information management systems. of birth, year of death
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Undocumented; but includes a wide range of


citation information and full text publications from Search: Full text of scholarly literature, including law reviews;
commercial sources; institutional sources (such Citation indices of scholarly literature. Full text of patents. Full
as institutional repositories); and web sources text and citation of subset of scholarly books.

Profiles: Email address. Interests. Institution. List of


publications. Not extensible.

Local name Identifier


Other name ID
Other name ID type, e.g. IPI, IPD.
Name Prefix, e.g. Sir
Forename
Middle name
Surname
Name Suffix, e.g.. Esq.
Alternative name
Date of Birth, use ISO 8601, YYYYMMDD preferred (see data
element values)*
Date of Death (as above)*
Title identifier
Title identifier type, e.g. ISBN, ISRC
Title (s)
Subtitle
Contributed to or performed, e.g.Include here titles of journals etc.
works to which the person has contributed or performed
Data is sourced from Member organizations and Year of Publication
Registration agencies. Coverage includes Creation Class, e.g. text (books, published articles), music, audio-
libraries, open source resource files, commercial visual, art works, database
aggregators and rights management Creation role, (see table in the document Data element Values for
organizations. valid values)
Publisher
Dewey classification number
Affiliated institution
Related persons
Relationship type, e.g. “pseud” or “real name”*
Instrument
Country, region, city
Organisation URL

*Some data is suppressed from public view but used in the system to
support disambiguation and assignment of ISNI

There has been a CV database in Brazil since the


Institutional affiliation; publication title; free-text biography;
mid-1980s, which formed the kernel of the Lattes
research output metrics; areas of interest; language
system in the 1990s. Anyone can add their
competencies; awards and titles; educational attainments;
information – and in order to get funding,
previous posts
researchers are required to register.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Headings are created by the Library of Congress


and members authorized to do so through the
Name Authority Cooperative (NACO) program.
As of October 2013 there are over 800 member
institutions from around the world, including the Content may vary tremendously between headings.
Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico; The British Potentials for inclusion are: See from tracing; See also from
Library; the National Agricultural Library; the tracing; Source citations; Content type; Attributes of a person
National Library of Medicine; National Library of or corporate body; Associated place; Address; Field of activity;
New Zealand; National Library of Scotland; Associated group; Occupation; Gender; Family information;
National Library of South Africa; National Library etc.
of Wales as well as major academic institutions in
the U.S., U.K, Latin America and Asia (e. g.,
Harvard, UCLA, Yale, Oxford University,
Cambridge University, Pontificia Universidad
Católica del Perú, Universidade de São Paulo,
the Hong Kong University of Science and
Technology).

• Profiles of individuals, companies, and organizations


• List of connections
Profiles are created by individual members, • Messages
organizations or companies. • LinkedIn Groups
• LinkedIn today (news)
• Job postings

Researcher profile contains: Photo (optional), publications,


Users contribute documents and references. awards & grants, biographical information, CV (education,
experience, publications), contact details.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The core information came from the UK's


Research Assessment Exercise data from 2008
Institutional affiliation; publication title; area of interest; other
(covering the top 20% of UK researchers). This
identifiers; other forms of name
was supplemented with additional information
provided by UK institutions.

• Simulation programs
• Online presentations
• Online teaching materials & courses
Profiles are created and contents uploaded by • Workspaces
individual members. • User groups
• Publications
• Member profiles with URIs serving as identifiers

Expertise, DAI, Memberships, Publications in Arxiv,


Repositories and some research information
Grants/prizes, current address, homepage, publications and
management systems
projects (of a certain researcher), ISNI, ORCID
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

(1) Individual researchers – self entered


(2) CrossRef/Scopus/ResearcherID/EuropePMC/
DataCite/ANDS/ISNI manual pull – researcher
can initiate search of records and select to pull
into their profile. Source documented in ORCID
database.
(3) CrossRef automated pull – CrossRef is
consuming ORCID iDs as part of the publisher
deposit; this information will be used to push
updates to ORCID records (feature due out in
2014).
(4) Institutional members – create identifiers, and
populate record data on behalf of employee
researchers (researchers have final say in Contributor identifiers; researcher disambiguation information
contents of their record, and can disassociate or (institution, email, etc); bibliographic information describing
remove information placed by institution). Data research outputs (publications, grants, patents, etc.)
added in this way has source marked as member,
and can be validated and updated by member.
This is one way to obtain validation of an
individual’s degree-granting and employing
institution.
(5) Publishers – member publishers capture
ORCID IDs during manuscript submission
workflows, route authors to login or register for an
ID and obtain ID via the API. Some publishers
capturing IDs also for co-authors. ORCIDs
associated with publication are registered in
CrossRef

Profiles are created by individual researchers,


who then add information from the article-level Institutional affiliation; publication title; area of interest; ORCID
data in the Web of Knowledge service in order to identifier; other forms of name
claim their works.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Affiliation, Education, Honors, Awards, Personal Statement,


NIH eRA, PubMed, NIHMS, ORCID
Grants, Publications, Collaborators, Patents

Institutional data sources as well as: Altmetric, Author name, Author identifiers, Author name variants, Author
ArXiv, CiNii, DBLP, Dimensions, figshare, Google publication addresses, Author affiliations, Professional
Books, Mendeley, ORCID, PubMed, RePEc, Activities registry (including Editorial board memberships,
SciVal, Scopus, Web of Science; Institutional guest lectures), bibliographic details of publication, grants and
Repositories (Fedora, Eprints, DSpace); OA funded projects, organizational structural information (usually
license repositories (DOAJ/Sherpa Romeo) See: limited to current institution), subject categorization,
http://symplectic.co.uk/services/integrations/ equipment used, research impact information.

Birth/Death dates, titles, coauthors, publishers, links to source


Primarily national libraries with some regional and
authority systems, ISNI IDs, countries, languages, ISBNs,
trans-national
alternate names, links to uniform titles, history
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Each institution populates its VIVO instance,


which may include: NIH, institutional sources
(human resources, contact data, registrar),
scholar self-reports (research activities, teaching There are up to 1400 different elements depending on the
activities, service activities, photos, website), type of profile: people, organizations, publications, events,
open source data, publisher data funding opportunities, agencies, research environment
(https://wiki.duraspace.org/display/VIVO/Data+ing (laboratories, equipment)
est)

Biographical information and articles about individual


Contributed by volunteers
scholars.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Size Used by

Unclear. Repository
holds 961,374 e-prints
Researchers, readers,
as of August 11, 2014.
librarians, search engines,
Each e-print would
harvesters
have at least one
author.

Indexed collections
hold 64,025,860
Researchers, readers,
papers as of August
librarians, search engines,
15, 2014; each paper
harvesters
would have at least
one author.

Over 3 million scholar


profiles from 2,900 Academics and
universities in 79 researchers, academic
countries across 200 libraries, publishers,
disciplines – continues government entities and
to grow; 57% North corporations
America; 29% Europe

The user communities are


Dutch library catalogues
65,846 DAIs and Dutch research
information management
systems.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Unknown. Google
scholar contains Libraries, institutions (union
information on millions catalog; link resolver);
of authors, but Individuals
unknown proportion (profiles;search);
have “verified” Publishers (indexing)
scholarly profile.

8 million ISNIs
assigned by July 2014
of which 830,000 are
researchers; 12 Anyone who works with
million potential ISNIs data about resources will
in database yet to be be able to make use of the
assigned. To support ISNI to support discovery,
the disambiguation develop services, report
process the ISNI metrics, perform rights
database currently transactions: so would
contains metadata for probably tick all boxes in
over 80 million any list
works/resources and
this figure is
constantly growing.

2,000,000 individuals;
Government departments;
4,000 institutions;
research funders; freely
23,000 research
accessible to the public via
groups; 20,000
web interface
projects
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Public-at-large: Public
As of July 2014: library users; Special
8,860,217 name library users; University
authority records. students; Librarians;
Vendors; Scholars; etc.

As of August 2014: Professionals, students,


More than 300 million recent graduates,
members companies

Multiple user communities.


Anybody with an interest in
citation management and
social-sharing of
references/papers/annotati
Over 2,500,000 users ons. User communities
as of September 2013 highlighted by Mendeley
(http://blog.mendeley. via
com/start-up- http://www.mendeley.com/o
life/mendeley-has-2-5- ur-users/ are: university
million-users/) students (undergrad, grad),
post-docs, librarians,
university research staff,
faculty, commercial R&D,
and government/NGO
researchers.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Names is freely available


50,000 names
for use by anyone.

As of March 13, 2014:


Over 300,000 users
Researchers, educators,
annually; 90,968
students and professionals
members. Site usage
in active in the field of
statistics available at:
nanotechnology.
https://nanohub.org/us
age

51,464 people (45% Public-at-large, harvesters,


has a DAI) Google (Scholar) etc.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

800,000 registrants Living (at time of


and 145 registration) researchers.
organizational Organizations and
members as of July deceased authors are
2014. excluded by policy.

Anyone can search the


350,000 names web interface to
ResearcherID
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Still in beta. Can


automatically link to
ERA-Commons
accounts used by all
NIH applicants, which (1) Federal agencies – use
number over 100,000. for grant submission. (2)
Thus SciENcv offers Researchers
easy profile
generation for over
100,000 biomedical
researchers.

Varies by institution
but contains all
Over 60 institutions around
records associated
the world (UK, US,
with academics within
Australia and New
the institution
Zealand); over 200,000
(including the outputs
academic users.
before joining the
institution)

Over 30 million
personal names as of Librarians and scholars
January 2014
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The number of
institutions
downloading VIVO is
not tracked. Some
VIVO leaders estimate
that there are at least
150 installations
worldwide. More than
100,000 researcher Scholars, institutions,
profiles are included in scholarly societies,
the network of VIVO publishers (see
institutions. Within the http://vivoweb.org/sponsors
over 60 member NIH hip)
Clinical and
Translational Science
Award (CTSA)
Consortium, greater
than 25% of the CTSA
institutions have
implemented and use
VIVO.

1-2 million pages


General Web audience
about people
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Public functions Restricted functions

Services offered for the repository


• Listings of newly submitted articles in areas of interest are Public author identifiers are not
available via the web interface, via RSS feeds, and by subscription created unless there are arXiv
to automatic email alerts. articles associated with a user
• API account. Authors must be registered
Services offered based on author identifiers are: users of the system and authors
• simple list of papers as an HTML page you can link to (e.g. need to have articles in arXiv which
http://arxiv.org/a/warner_s_1) are associated with their user
• an Atom feed of articles (e.g. http://arxiv.org/a/warner_s_1.atom2 account.
— authors combined, best for current feed readers; and
http://arxiv.org/a/warner_s_1.atom — authors in separate
atom:author elements)
• a way to dynamically include the list of your publications in your
own home page using the JavaScript myarticles widget
• an arXiv Facebook application providing a convenient way to alert
friends to your arXiv articles and to comment on articles within
Facebook

Public author identifiers are not


Public profile.
created unless an author registers.

Suggest a scholar; Concise version - Name search; partial


Federated login
publication list through Scholar Universe

Functions available only to database


No
owners / members
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Library Links – integration of link


resolver (e.g. SFX); Library search –
Search; Profile generation; Citation list import/export; Journal impact integration of search results from
metrics; Scholar impact metrics; Persistent Profile URL library national union catalogs (e.g.
WorldCat); undocumented search
API

Discovery: access to the entire


Discovery: anyone can look up the Public ISNI database. Anyone database and to a richer set of
can make machine enquiries using the SRU API to the Public ISNI disambiguating elements
database and there is a persistent URI to each ISNI assigned. Request ISNI (from members and
Report: anyone can leave a comment/provide feedback in a textbox Registration Agencies)
on an ISNI record Response – return ISNI
Request ISNI – public can request via an ISNI Registration Agency Notification – change (enhance/split
or merge ISNI)

Search; retrieve; re-use None


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

No restrictions on use of content.


Sale of bulk download available from
MARC Distribution Service
http://www.loc.gov/cds/products/prod
Search and retrieve authority records.
uct.php?productID=66
Free bulk download available in
various formats

Registered users may create profiles,


which can include: professional
experience, language skills,
publications, skills & expertise,
education, etc. Users can connect
with colleagues, companies and
Profiles searches showing only the information that has been made
experts in their field. They can join
public by registered users.
interest groups (LinkedIn Groups),
post status updates, follow
companies and organizations, give or
receive endorsements and
recommendations. Members are also
able to change their profile URL.

Most fields of researcher profile are


Search is the only public function specifically associated with
optional and privacy can be
"researcher profile". Other functions listed above in description.
controlled at the field level.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Search; retrieve; re-use None

Registered users create a “My


nanoHUB” workspace and can use
Search and download resources; view profiles that have been made the site for networking and
publicly available collaboration, upload their own
content, make use of tools created
by others working in their field.

Harvesting the information in


NARCIS is permitted only after
Provides free access to research information generated in the registration. A restriction regarding
Netherlands. the use of information in the sections
"Persons" or "Organizations" is
applicable.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Member functions machine-client


interfaces: (1) high-performance ID
(1) Human client access: (a) lookup by id/name; (b) self-registration
lookup/fielded queries; (2)
of an ID; (c) management of own record information – including
Notification APIs; (3) write access to
import/export of information, privacy, assignment of proxy
profiles, with user permission (bulk
maintainers
member registration; machine
(2) Throttled machine client: access (a) id lookup; (b) fielded query
updates of profiles); (4) read access
to limited information, with user
permission; (5) validation of links

Terms of use are here:


Search http://www.researcherid.com/resourc
es/html/Terms.html
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

External profile generation; profile management Federated login.

Separate Open Source harvester allows import into VIVO:


Only registered accounts can edit
https://github.com/Symplectic/vivo
and update profiles.

Search, retrieve, and download authority record clusters. Ability to contribute


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Searching and retrieval (CV information), including download. With


Creating and editing profiles
other linked data applications, can reuse all content.

Primarily Web access Very open


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Interoperates with

Developers are aware that "It would also be beneficial to associate author records in
arXiv with author records in other scholarly communication system, for example with
the SPIRES database in high-energy physics. Association of author records across
different systems would facilitate the creation of services and tools that operate over
multiple repositories, or combine data from multiple sources."

Projects using the API could be considered to be "interoperating" with arXiv in a


loose sense, as they are grabbing and using arXiv data.
The following enhancements and interoperability features are planned:
• arXiv will permit authors to record other identifiers they have in other schemes and
include these in the data feeds. This will allow agents and systems to link together
the same author in different databases.
• arXiv will support mechanisms for handling name changes, combination of
accidentally created duplicates and separation of accidentally combined identifiers.

The 2014 arXiv Road Map indicates that support will specifically be added for
ORCID and other author identifiers. It states, “We would like to support ORCID
identifiers for better interoperability with other repositories implementing authority
control and also as a route toward providing institutional statistics for member
organizations (because ORCID is implementing storage of affiliation in the profile
data).

AGRIS, arxiv.org, BASE, CrossRef, Current Index to Statistics, DBLP, E-LIS, ERIC,
Euclid, HAL, IUCR, OpenLibrary, PubMed, RePEc, SOLIS and SPIRES. Data can
be downloaded from ftp://ftp.authorclaim.org but there is no API. Data is stored in
an XML format.

VIVO; ORCID; ISNI

ISNI, ORCID and VIAF


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Google web search (integration of scholar results in main results)

Members and Registration Agencies


Others under negotiation

All related national platforms in Brazil; SCOPUS; CrossRef


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

VIAF (harvests data via OAI on a monthly basis); The British Library (contributes
name authority records on a daily basis); OCLC (contributes name authority records
from members on a daily basis); SkyRiver (contributes name authority records from
members on a daily basis)

Twitter integration possible

Can log in via Facebook. API available for developers to create 3rd party
applications. Some of these apps are listed at http://dev.mendeley.com/. Citation
management plug ins for Word and Open Office documents.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Names was a pilot project. Records from Names were submitted to ISNI and are
available through that service.

ORCID: http://orcid.org/content/adoption-and-integration-program; able to login


using Facebook, Google, and LinkedIn accounts; DOIs minted through DataCite
making citation metadata available through DataCite and other applications.
Example:
https://nanohub.org/resources/5065/?rev=25 (nanoHUB)
http://data.datacite.org/10.4231/D3XW47W0J (DataCite)

None. DAIs from repositories and research information management systems.


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

(1) ISNI – (a) provides services to link ISNI ID to ORCID record, harvest ISBN, and
import metdata from ISBN registry; (b) link to Organizational identifiers using
organization list provided by RingGold, an ISNI Registration Agency.
(2) Crossref – (a) publication metadata may be imported by users from CrossRef
into their ORCID record; (b) CrossRef captures ORCIDs in publisher deposits.
(3) Wikipedia – ORCID IDs may be used within Wikipedia as one of the Wikipedia’s
supported name authority control systems
(4) Scopus – (a) id, profile publications from Scopus may be imported into ORCID;
(b) Scopus captures ORCID from self-claim and publisher workflows (c) Scopus
AuthorID links to ORCID iD; (d) Scopus supports search by ORCID
(5) ResearcherID –ORCID and ResearcherID support manual (user initiated)
bidirectional data exchange; ResearcherID pushes ORCIDs to WOS; WOS enables
ORCID-based search.
(6) Manuscript management systems: integration supported by various vendors
(Aries, ScholarOne, eJournalPress) and publishers (Nature Publishing Group,
Elsevier, Wiley, OUP, Springer, Wolters Kluwer, Karger, and many more).
(7) Research Information Management Systems – Converis, KNODE, PURE and
Symplectic systems support links to or import of ORCID record information.
(8) Researcher profile systems – VIVO and university profile systems support links
to or import of ORCID record information.
(9) Figshare, ImpactStory support bidirectional syncing of information
(10) DataCite and ANDS support search and link wizards, which allow ORCID users
to claim their datasets. ANDS stores the ORCID for claimed records.
(11) Funders – National Institute of Health’s SciENcv profiles support linkage ORCID
IDs. Other funders are integrating ORCID into grant submission systems (Wellcome
Trust, US Dept of Energy, SFI, Swedish Research Council, NHMRC) and FCT and
Autism Speaks have taken steps to mandate use of ORCID.
(12) In addition to publications workflows, professional associations are integrating
ORCID into membership and meetings workflows, including Society for
Neuroscience, AGU, and IEEE.

Web of Knowledge, ORCID


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Pubmed; ORCID

ArXiv, CiNii, DBLP, figshare, Google Books, Mendeley, ORCID, PubMed, RePEc,
SciVal, Scopus, Web of Science, VIVO, DSpace, EPrints, Fedora, UK Research
Outputs System (ROS).

About three dozen library agencies, plus ISNI and Wikipedia


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Interoperates with linked data applications through SPARQL and other generic
protocols. Specific interfaces have been built for: Web of Science, Scopus, ORCID,
NIH Explorer (grant funding information)

DBPedia relies on Wikipedia as do many other services


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Overlaps with Linked data Access Methods

Undoubtedly authors have pre-


prints or published papers
See public functions. API calls are
represented in other
via HTTP GET or POST. The RSS
repositories with same subject
output complies with RSS 1.0, which
content (INSPIRE-HEP, NASA- Author identifiers
utilizes Dublic Core for descriptive
ADS, Web of Science, etc.). are URIs, so they
metadata. There is also bulk access
Bibliographic links to are linked data
to metadata via OAI-PMH (which in
equivalent and related compatible.
practice utilizes Dublin Core as
documents in INSPIRE-HEP
descriptive metadata) and full text is
and NASA-ADS are included in
available via Amazon S3.
arXiv document records, done
via arXiv ID.

AGRIS, arxiv.org, BASE,


CrossRef, Current Index to Author identifiers
Statistics, DBLP, E-LIS, ERIC, are URIs, so they
Euclid, HAL, IUCR, are linked data
FTP
OpenLibrary, PubMed, RePEc, compatible.
SOLIS and SPIRES

WOS; Scopus; Google COS Funding


Scholar; research information Opportunities, COS
Web interface
management systems; Expertise and
Funding opportunities Papers Invited

The following hubs/services


have information about the Link in the research information
No
same individuals/institutions: management system.
ISNI, ORCID, VIAF
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

None documented; Undocumented


WOS; Scirus; Mendeley None documented API. Number of toolkits also exist for
interfacing.

Access to the
ORCID
system via The ISNI Assignment Request API is
Multiple Researcher systems
persistent URI using the Atom publishing protocol
ISNI is global in scope so will
according to linked standard IETF RFC-5023 , version
overlap with any identity
data specifications 1, October 2007.
management system which
(isni-url.oclc.nl/insi/ For public access the API is using
identifies people who create,
gives content the SRU standard, version 1.1.
produce, manage, distribute or
negotiation).
feature in created content
Schema.org
metadata planned

Web search; API available to


International services covering
None documented contributing institutions by
Brazilian researchers
arrangement
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The file is used as


the basis for linked
data thru VIAF and
The type of headings ID.LOC
Vocabularies at the id.loc.gov site are
established is not limited in any http://id.loc.gov/
available for bulk download as
particular way and may overlap and LCCN
serialized RDF/XML, Turtle, or N-
with any other authority hub Permalink
Triples.
(e.g., VIAF, ISNI, ORCID, etc.) http://lccn.loc.gov/
all of which provide
persistent
identifiers.

Website, APIs, Plugins. See listing on


Developers page:
https://developer.linkedin.com/whyde
Viadeo, XING None documented
velop

Use cases are


under
consideration, and
Mendeley matches its user
it appears that
profiles with Scopus author
Mendeley is likely
profiles, and guides authors in
to pursue Linked
the process of creating ORCID Mendeley API allows 3rd party
Data approaches.
identifiers. End users could applications access to Mendeley
See
have author profiles on a information and supports importing
http://www.w3.org/2
multitude of other sites. Given 3rd party information.
005/Incubator/lld/wi
academic user base there is
ki/Use_Case_Mend
also likely overlap with ISNI,
eley_Research_Net
NAF/VIAF, and Zotero.
works_for_linking_r
esearchers_and_pu
blications
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

There is a web search interface and


a publicly available API to the Names
Any hub which covers UK
No. data, documented here:
researchers.
http://names.mimas.ac.uk/help#quick
APIGuide

In development for
the HUBzero
platform, though
this is focused on
the description of
None identified. the digital objects, Webportal
not the researcher
profiles. See
https://hubzero.org/
answers/question/1
58

National repositories, NTA Experimenting with


Harvest protocol.
(ISNI, VIAF) VIVO.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Can export data in


XML and JSON.
Theoretically may overlap with OpenSource code
any other service that issues available on GitHub
persistent, unique identifiers at
a) Annual export of publicly claimed
for people (e.g. ISNI). Current http://orcid.org/blog/
data as static structured file. (b) On
overlap with other databases 2013/02/21/orcid-
demand export through REST API (c)
of name identifiers is relatively open-source and a
custom data files for members.
small since ORCID focuses on FOAF profile for
living contributors in the REST requests has
research domain. been developed so
possible to express
as linked data.

There is a web search interface.


Researchers can register themselves
at
http://www.researcherid.com/SelfReg
istration.action.
Tools for institutional administrators
ORCID, Scopus AuthorID No
are available for bulk upload of
information about researchers:
http://wokinfo.com/researcherid/admi
ntools/ and integration with the Web
of Science products.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Microsoft Academic Search


Profiles, VIVO and similar None documented
profile systems
There is a plan to establish an
interface with API to exchange data
between SciENcv and external
profile systems by fall 2014.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sciencv/f
aqs/

Yes. ReSTFul XML


All the datasources to the left
API with open
as well as local institutional ReStFul XML API
source VIVO RDF
and digital repositories.
translator

All the information is from


authority and bibliographic
records. Wikipedia and ISNI The service
are both contributors to VIAF supports linked
HTML browser interface, SRU, bulk
(374,000 VIAF clusters include data and links to
downloads
a Wikipedia link; ISNI has other linked data
contributed names to sites
6,800,000 VIAF clusters as of
July 2014.)
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Yes, available as
linked data.
Consumes United
VIVO supplements traditional
Nations linked data Web interface, SPARQL (the API)
faculty reporting systems.
and can use other
linked data as the
institution decides.

Now offering
WikiData and
IMDb, etc. Wikipedia is also a
available through Bulk downloads, possibly others
contributor to VIAF.
derived services
such as DBPedia.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Metadata Schema Licenses Fees

Articles are deposited


into arXiv with an in-
house list of metadata
No fee for individual end
elements, most of which
use. arXiv business
are optional: title,
model under
authors, abstract, Articles are submitted to arXiv under a non-
development, current
comments, report exclusive license to distribute
funding model based on
number, category, http://arxiv.org/licenses/nonexclusive-
grant amount, Cornell
journal reference, DOI, distrib/1.0/license.html
Library budget, and
MSC class, and ACM
membership payments
class. The descriptive
from top 200 contributing
metadata elements are
institutions.
exposed for other uses
via the myarticles
Javascript widget.

Funded by grant from


Proprietary. All metadata is available CC0.
Open Society Institute.

None documented http://www.refworks-cos.com/terms/PQCSACOS/


Subscription

None documented NTA license OCLC License


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

For indexing content


web mechanisms:
robots.txt; sitemap;
None documented Free to use.
meta-tags – highwire
press, BEpress, PRISM,
Eprints

By accessing this database, you accept (a)


that the ISNI international Agency ("ISNI- Anyone can search the
ISNI has defined:
IA") does not guarantee in any way the public database freely.
• Request schema
correctness, accuracy or exhaustiveness of Membership €800 per
• Assignment response
the information provided in it and (b) that annum provides an
schema
you may not use, reuse, rearrange, adapt, enhanced view of more
• SRU enquiry response
collect, extract or aggregate the data to of the metadata
schema
create databases, or any other supporting each ISNI.
• Notification Schema
compilations of the provided data, no Fee structures for
• Bulk load reports – 3
matter if the data is physically stored in an individual and batch
schemas
organised manner, permanently or assignments are
• See: Documents
temporarily; The ISNI-IA cannot be held variable according to
related to data
liable for any incidental, consequential or volume and are outlined
submission
foreseeable damage, loss, injury, harm, in the documentation for
costs or prejudice that may arise or result Registration Agencies.
directly or indirectly from the use of the
information contained in this database.”

XML DTD for Lattes data


available from
None documented None documented
https://github.com/antoa
nne/LMPLCurriculo
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

There are no fees for


use or contribution.
The metadata at the
Members of the PCC are
authorities.loc.gov site is
required to have training
available in MARC. The
No licenses required, the data is public before beginning
version at the id.loc.gov
domain. contributions to the file
site is available as
that has an inherent
SKOS/RDF or
cost; subscriptions are
MADS/RDF.
available for sale for ca.
US $10,000

No fee for individual end


Not identified. Some user for basic account.
information on data and Business, Business Plus
http://www.linkedin.com/legal/user-agreement
system can be found on: or Executive accounts
http://data.linkedin.com/ cost between US $19.95
and $99.95 per month.

The desktop software is proprietary and


Bibliographic metadata
subject to End User License
is exportable in standard
agreement/Terms of Use. Open access for
citation styles (MLA,
any data you can search and retrieve via
APA, etc.) API provides Service is free to use.
API. Full text OA publications available.
access to researcher There are "premium
There is grey area on availability of
profile metadata fields packages" which provide
publications. Non-OA articles could be
including name and more personal library
available from publishers that allow authors
affiliation. For more storage space
to "self-archive." Mendeley functions akin
details, see
to an institutional repository. End user
http://dev.mendeley.com/
agreement places onus on contributor to
slate/#profiles
ensure copyright isn't violated.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

MARC XML, HTML, Names data is freely available for re-use


There are no fees
Names XML, JSON (CC0)

https://nanohub.org/legal/licensing
Local schema https://nanohub.org/legal/dmcapolicy Free

Downloading of the information in NARCIS,


or copying it in any other fashion, is
permitted. One exception applies to this
regulation. Re-use of information in the
sections "Persons" and "Organizations" is
restricted. Due to contractual and legal
reasons information on persons and
organizations presented in these sections
may not be crawled, or copied in any other
fashion. Re-use of information in the
DC, DIDL/MODS Free
sections "Persons" and "Organizations" is
allowed solely and in very small measure
for personal exercise, study or use.
Harvesting the information in NARCIS is
permitted only after registration. A
restriction regarding the use of information
in the sections "Persons" or
"Organizations" is applicable. You may
register by submitting a filled out online
form to DANS.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

ORCID principles
(http://about.orcid.org/about/what-is-
Documented,
orcid/principles) state software will be OSS, Free to individual
nonproprietary, but
and publicly claimed data will be released researchers. Claimed
bespoke schema. See:
under CC0. Open source software data made public by
http://support.orcid.org/k
available on GitHub researcher freely
nowledgebase/articles/1
(http://orcid.org/node/194), and the public available via annual data
32271-retreiving-data-
data file is posted annually on the ORCID dump or public API
with-the-public-api
Website (http://orcid.org/content/orcid- (performance limited).
ORCID works with
public-data-file-use-policy). Tiered fees for
standards organizations
Individuals can choose to share information organizational members.
such as CASRAI and
with specific member organizations. Fees allow access to
EuroCRIS to ensure
Bespoke member license required to use high performance query
common schema are
this information: API’s; allow bulk
adopted.
http://orcid.org/about/membership. registration/updates via
API.
Fee ranges from US
$5,000-$25,000/year.
Discounts offered to
non-profits (20%), small
start-up organizations
(75%) and consortia.
See
http://about.orcid.org/ab
out/membership

Non-open license--no commercial use,


data mining, export; for manual search
Not documented on the
only. None
ResearcherID site
http://www.researcherid.com/resources/htm
l/Terms.html
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sciencv/data-schemas/
None documented Free to use.

In house schema – able


to export in Common
European Research
Information Format
(CERIF), VIVO RDF,
Elements XML, CASRAI
Commercial license on software; data is
data standard. Arbitrary Varies by institution size.
subject to individual institutional license –
categorization schemas Functionality is modular.
no common open data; or public API’s.
are supported, including
MESH, Australia New
Zealand Fields of
Research, Science-
Metrix subject
categorizations.

Offers views in MARC-


21 Authorities, RDF-XML ODC-By Free
and native XML
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

The software is open source license BSD 3


VIVO ontology
(http://opensource.org/licenses/BSD-3- Free – no fees.
http://vivoweb.org/ontolo
Clause); the data is licensed by the Supported by sponsors.
gy/core
institution, typically CC-BY (by attribution)

Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike


XML Free
3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA)
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Responsibility References

Warner, Simeon. "Author identifiers in


Hosted, developed, and scholarly repositories," Journal of Digital
maintained by Cornell Information. Vol. 11(1). 2010.
University Library http://arxiv.org/abs/1003.1345

Hosted, developed, and


maintained by Thomas http://authorclaim.org/about
Krichel

Proquest – Refworks-
http://www.refworks-cos.com/cosscholaruniverse/faq/
COS

OCLC PICA http://www.surf.nl/en/themes/research/research-information/digital-author-identifier-dai/digital-author-id


Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

http://googlescholar.blogspot.com/;
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_scholar;
http://scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/ab
out.html
Google

OCLC B.V hosts the


Assignment system ISNI Information (on http://www.isni.org/
Founding members: site):
• Conference of • How ISNI Works
European National • FAQs
Librarians • New ISNI presentation
• International • ISNI Data Policy
Confederation of • ISNI Data Quality Policy
Societies of Authors and
Composers Press Releases:
• The International • March 2012, ISO Publishes the ISNI
Federation of Standard (ISO 27729:2012):
Reproduction Rights http://isni.myidentifiers.com/filedepot_downl
Organisations oad/58/93
• Societies’ Council for • More than a third of contributors in Books
the Collective In Print have an ISNI:
Managements of http://www.isni.org/content/use-isni-
Performers’ Rights growing-fast-among-authors-says-new-
• OCLC B.V bowker-analysis
• ProQuest LLC/Bowker • ISNI and ORCID sign Memorandum of
See also : ISNI Understanding:
Community for all http://www.isni.org/content/isni-and-orcid-
current members sign-memo-understanding

Maintained by a
department of the
Brazilian government:
CNPq (National Council http://www.nsf.gov/attachments/123272/public/1.Pacheco.pdf
of Scientific and
Technological
Development)
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Library of Congress
hosts the hub;
maintenance activities
The NACO FTP process:
are shared with the
www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/naco/nodes.html
members of the Program
for Cooperative
Cataloging.

About LinkedIn:
http://press.linkedin.com/about (accessed
March 13, 2014)
LinkedIn Corporation, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LinkedIn
(accessed Apr. 3, 2013)
LinkedIn Corporation Hands, Africa. Tech Services on the Web.
Technical Services Quarterly, 2013, Vol. 30
Issue 2, p232-234
Hands, Africa. Internet reviews: LinkedIn in
Ten. Kentucky Libraries, Fall2011, Vol. 75
Issue 4, p30-31

Elsevier acquired Correspondence with William Gunn, Head


Mendeley in April 2013. of Academic Outreach, Mendeley
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Names was funded by


Jisc (UK higher and
further education sector)
until July 2013 when the
project came to an end. http://names.mimas.ac.uk/about#documents
It was a partnership
between Mimas at the
University of Manchester
and the British Library.

Klimeck, G., McLennan, M., Brophy, S. P.,


Adams, G. B., & Lundstrom, M. S. (2008).
nanohub.org: Advancing education and
research in nanotechnology. Computing in
Science & Engineering, 10(5), 17-23.
McLennan, M. J., Witt, M. (2013, August
29). Telephone interview.
Network for nanoHUB (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved
Computational April 17, 2013, from
Nanotechnology; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanohub
instance of HUBzero Windham, C. (2007). The nanoHUB:
(Purdue University) Community and Collaboration. Educause
review, 42(6), 144-145.
Witt, M., Yu, Y. (2012). Refactoring
HUBzero for Linked Data. Retrieved March
14, 2014, from
http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/cgi/viewcontent.c
gi?article=1004&context=lib_fsdocs

Hosted by: Data


Archiving and
Networked Services
(DANS)
www.dans.knaw.nl/en
Members/participants:
all the Dutch
universities, Royal
Netherlands Academy of
http://www.narcis.nl/terms/Language/en
Arts and Sciences
(KNAW), Netherlands
Organization for
Scientific Research
(NWO) and a number of
research institutes and
datasets from some data
archives.
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

“Scientists: your number is up: ORCID


scheme will give researchers unique
identifiers to improve tracking of
publications.", Declan Butler, "Nature". 485:
564 DOI:10.1038/485564
Haak, L, Fenner, M, Paglione, L, Pentz, E
Nonprofit ORCID & Ratner, H, 2012, “ORCID: a system to
Corporation. uniquely identify researchers”, Learned
Governance by Publishing, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 259-264.
volunteer board, majority DOI: 10.1087/20120404
non-profit, elected from Haak, L, 2013. “ORCID: connecting
ORCID membership. researchers and scholars with their works”,
Community input Insights: the UKSG journal 3: 239-243.
through Steering and http://dx.doi.org/10.1629/2048-7754.103
Working Groups and
Ambassador program. Introduction to the ORCID API.
Also collect ideas via http://support.orcid.org/knowledgebase/arti
online user input forum. cles/180285-introduction-to-the-orcid-api
Operations managed by See also resources listed at:
full-time staff. http://orcid.org/organizations/publishers/lea
http://orcid.org/about/tea rnmore
m http://orcid.org/organizations/associations/l
earnmore
http://orcid.org/organizations/institutions/lea
rnmore
http://orcid.org/organizations/funders/learn
more

FAQ page:
http://www.researcherid.com/resources/htm
Owned by Thomson
l/dsy5769-TRS.html;
Reuters
http://wokinfo.com/media/pdf/ResearcherID
FS_web.pdf
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

SciENcv is a cooperative
project requested by the
Federal Demonstration
Partnership, a coalition
of research institutions
http://rbm.nih.gov/profile_project.htm;
and federal agencies.
http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/fdp/
Seven federal science
PGA_066892;
agencies formed an
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sciencv/;
interagency workgroup
http://nexus.od.nih.gov/all/2013/04/11/takin
to develop the concept.
g-on-the-challenge-of-better-biomedical-
NIH’s National Center for
workforce-data/ ; NCURA Magazine Apr
Biotechnology
2012 Accessed 2014-08-07
Information built it under
http://nexus.od.nih.gov/all/2013/11/20/test-
the direction of the
drive-sciencv/ NCURA Magazine Nov 2013
workgroup.
Accessed 2014-08-07

Hosted by individual
https://github.com/Symplectic/vivo;
institutions. Code
http://symplectic.co.uk/services/integrations
maintained and
/; http://symplectic.co.uk/;
developed by Symplectic
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comparison_of_
Limited (a portfolio
research_networking_tools_and_research_
company of Digital
profiling_systems
Science).

Hosted by OCLC. See


http://viaf.org for a list of http://www.oclc.org/unitedstates/en_us/viaf.html
participants
Research Networking Systems Characteristics Profiles--
Overview

Each institution hosts its


own application. Activity
is organized by vivoweb.org ; correspondence with Layne
DuraSpace (501-3C, Johnson, VIVO Project Director
also supports Fedora
and DSpace)

http://wikimediafoundation.org
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:About
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

No. Only allows single


author registration. User
arXiv Subject repository endorsement Yes Limited API sorting
mechanism to enforce
validity.

Subject author
Author Claim idenfier service Yes Yes Yes

Undocumented.
Researcher profile Metadata schema not
Community of Scholars system Yes Yes published so difficult to
determine

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Consistent and
DAI Authority hub No Yes robust=Yes; Integration
and sorting=No

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Partial. (Articles and


Researcher profile books indexed by
Google Scholar system No Google, user may add No
entries)

Yes. ISNI retains source


ISNI Identifier hub ID in its metadata as Yes Yes
basis for linking

Researcher has a single A single Names record Researcher has a single


Lattes Platform Authority hub identifier can contain multiple identifier - can also link
external identifiers ORCID

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Partially. Usually only


one example of a
researcher's intellectual
output is associated
Yes. Identifiers may be with the researcher's
LC/NACO Authority File Authority hub added and used as a identifier; the controlled Yes.
basis for linking heading established can
then be used to search
for other output in
library catalogs.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Yes. Very limited.


Connections can be
sorted by last name.
No. Researcher has a Possible to sort using
single identifier, multiple Yes. Profiles include filters by tags,
profiles are not allowed metadata for intellectual companies, locations,
Researcher profile (see question 42). industries, or recent
LinkedIn system LinkedIn profiles can (at output. System links
to researcher activity. Profiles in a
least could) be linked to metadata "network" can be
profiles.
Facebook and Twitter filtered by various
accounts. elements such as
relationship, current
company, past company,
etc.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

No. Nothing to stop one


from registering multiple
Reference, citation
Mendeley management identities. Multiple Yes API
identies would not be
linked.

Names Project Authority hub Yes Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Yes, but depends on the


researcher. There are a
Yes. Profiles are linked to number of elements
contributions. When available for researcher
Yes. Each researcher has uploading a resource, profiles:
only one profile within the researcher is added https://hubzero.org/doc
Research and nanoHUB, but allows to
nanoHub collaboration hub link LinkedIn, Facebook as an author which umentation/1.1.0/mana
creates the link. Possible gers/configuring.registra
and Google. Use of to add additional tion Metadata for
ORCIDs is being piloted. authors without the "contributions" is
linkage. consistend enough to be
mapped to DC for OAI-
PMH output.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Consistent and
National research No. On the wish list of robust=Yes; integration
NARCIS portal Narcis Yes and sorting=No ;
Faceted navigation=Yes.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Yes. ORCID profile Yes. (Grants, articles,


supports associate
ORCID Authority hub unlimited number of based on researchers Yes
entering data)
*external* identifers

ResearcherID Authority hub Yes Yes Yes

Researcher profile Yes (Limited to specific


SciENcv system Yes sources) Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Yes. Within the system


and available in an API. Yes. Although some
Some systems may be systems attempt to
Research able to upload this minimise the content
Information Yes. Within the system
Symplectic Elements Management and available in an API information to some of creation activity since
the online systems such they source records
System (or CRIS) as ResearcherID.com, from a number of
Scopus, Mendeley or "authority" sources.
ORCID.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Related to Successfully link multiple Associate metadata for a Create metadata


reading/ queries identifiers a researcher researcher’s intellectual consistent and robust
of multiple might have to allow for output with the enough to allow for
authority systems; collation of intellectual researcher’s identifier. successful integration
Ability to: output. with other researcher’s
output and various
Researcher/Identifier Type category types of sorting.
System (from profile)

Yes. Little journal


VIAF Authority hub Yes literature Yes

Researcher profile
VIVO system Yes Yes Yes

Online Yes. Bibliographies are Yes. Takes substantial


Wikipedia encyclopedia Yes often of poor quality effort

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Not applicable.
Assuming Not applicable.
disambiguating a name Assuming
result set within the disambiguating author
arXiv Yes Not applicable single system; not name results. There is No
applicable since there is only one identifier per
only one identifier per author.
author.

Author Claim No Yes. Validation Yes. Validation Yes. Validation No

Yes. Profiles are Undocumented. Assume Undocumented. Assume Yes


Community of Scholars Yes editorially controlled yes as edited yes as edited

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. The intention is to have a


researcher listed once.
However a work of a
researcher can also be
represented from another
institution without a link to the
DAI of the author. Institutions
only assign a DAI to authors of
a publication if the author(s)
Yes. But only what is come(s) from their own
available in the Dutch institution. If a publication has
Central Catalogue or the No
DAI local research Yes Yes author A and B from
respectively institution I and II:
information both institutions will add the
management system. publication independently.
Institution I will assign only the
DAI of author A, and
institution II only to B. In the
first case author B is
anonymous, in the second
case author A. We do not
assign a DAI to authors not
from our institution.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Partial. internal Partial. For individual


Partial. Only manual
Google Scholar export mechanism only -- no publication collections No Yes
external de-dupe only

Yes. ISNI loads and


ISNI Yes processes data from Yes Yes Yes
multiple sources

Yes. Results screen


shows different facets of Seems to be the researcher's
Lattes Platform Yes Undocumented individuals with similar Undocumented responsibility
names (e.g.
qualification, works)

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Partially. The metadata


related to a specific
researcher's output is Yes but not programmatically.
used to establish a Yes but not Some preliminary duplicate
LC/NACO Authority File controlled heading that No Yes programmatically detection through the NACO
can be used to search normalization rules.
for other output in
library catalogs.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. People Seach API. Let's


you determine if a researcher
IS already represented: Use
the People Search API to find
people using keywords,
LinkedIn No No Not applicable No company, name, or other
criteria. It returns a list of
matching member profiles.
http://developer.linkedin.com/
documents/people-search-api

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. There is enough


information in a record Not applicable.
for a human to Assuming
Mendeley Yes Not applicable differentiate between disambiguating author No
people with the same name results.
name (i.e. affiliation,
subject areas)

Yes. Results screen


Yes - not on the fly, but shows institutional Yes (manually in
Names Project Yes as part of the matching affiliations of individuals administration interface) Part of the matching process
process with same names

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes (soon) if made


public. Metadata sharing
via OAI-PMH has been
piloted in the related Not applicable. Each
researcher has only one No. Not all profiles and/or
nanoHub hub PURR Not applicable Not applicable contibutions are public
https://purr.purdue.edu/ profile within nanoHUB
Will probably get turned
on within nanoHUB later
this year.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. The intention is to have a


researcher listed once.
However a work of a
researcher can also be
represented from another
institution without a link to the
DAI of the author. Institutions
only assign a DAI to authors of
a publication if the author(s)
come(s) from their own
Yes. XML export institution. If a publication has
available, but only for
NARCIS what is available in the No Yes Yes author A and B from
respectively institution I and II:
Dutch repositories. both institutions will add the
publication independently.
Institution I will assign only the
DAI of author A, and
institution II only to B. In the
first case author B is
anonymous, in the second
case author A. We do not
assign a DAI to authors not
from our institution.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

ORCID Yes No No No Yes

Yes. Results screen


shows different facets of Undocumented - The researcher's responsibility
ResearcherID Yes Undocumented individuals with same possibly available in (but might be different for
names (e.g. institution, institutional subscription institutional use)
country)

SciENcv Yes Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Not available in all Yes. Not available in all Yes. Not available in all Yes. Not available in all
Symplectic Elements Yes research information research information research information research information
amangement systems. amangement systems. amangement systems. amangement systems.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Retrieve all the Dedupe or cluster Disambiguate similar Merge entities that Determine that a researcher or
necessary metadata for results from searching results. represent the same a work related to a researcher
the intellectual output multiple systems. researcher and split is not already represented.
related to a specific entities that represent
researcher. different researchers.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. May require


Mixed. Seldome
VIAF complete Yes Yes intervention by VIAF Yes
administrators

VIVO Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Wikipedia Yes. Mixed quality Not applicable Yes Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

arXiv No Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable

Author Claim No No No No

Community of Scholars Yes Yes No Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

No. The DAI can be


found in VIAF. VIAF can No
DAI No not be found in our DAI No
system (GCC).

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

Partial (Service suggests


Google Scholar No No Not applicable collaborators,
publications of interest)

Not applicable. Covered No


ISNI No Yes via 14

Yes. Has freely


Lattes Platform No No Undocumented accessible search
interface.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

Yes. Dependent on Yes. Dependent on


No. At present there is
LC/NACO Authority File No no linking function software developed software developed
using the LC/NAF data using the LC/NAF data

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

Yes. (Interpreted as:


Multiple institutions
LinkedIn Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable have access to the same
database.)

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

Mendeley No Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable

Yes. Has freely


There are links to other No
Names Project No identifiers, where known accessible search
interface.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

Sort of. nanoHUB is built


on the HubZero
platform. Hubs built on
this platform can add a Not applicable
nanoHub field for sponsorship, Not applicable Yes
but uncertain if this is
turned on in this
instance.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

NARCIS Yes No. ISNI & Orcid No Yes on a national level

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

No. Database is
multiinstitutional, and
Yes. Profile include lists API could be used to
of grants, does not make queries related to
ORCID associate indvidual No No collaborators. However,
publications with grants no user facing API to
find likely collaborators
by field, etc.

Yes. Has freely


ResearcherID No ORCID connector Web of Science data accessible search
interface.

SciENcv Yes No No Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

Yes. All CERIF Yes. Not available in all Yes. Not available in all
Symplectic Elements compatible systems research information research information No
have this functionality. amangement systems. amangement systems.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Link the metadata for a Link various name Query aggregated Search the database Related to
researcher’s intellectual authority files and authority files or from multiple creating,
output to grant funding researcher registries, researcher registries institutions to identify updating,
body data. such as VIAF through the potential collaborators. administering
bibliographic utility used multiple authority
for name authority systems; Ability
Researcher/Identifier record creation to:
(e.g.OCLC).
System

VIAF No Yes! Not applicable No

VIVO Yes Yes NA Yes

Yes. Never seen this, but Yes


Wikipedia it might be possible Not applicable No

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. Papers are related to


arXiv Yes Yes Yes No subject disciplines, not
people.

Author Claim No No No No Yes

Community of Scholars Yes Undocumented Yes Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. However not all


information will be
shown to all parties;
DAI Yes some information is Yes No Yes
“owned” by the
institution who provided
the information.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Google Scholar Yes Yes Yes No No

Yes/No. Affiliations are


tracked from source
ISNI Yes Yes Yes Yes metadata as Related
Identities - but nature of
affiliation is not known

Yes, URL format: Undocumented


Lattes Platform http://lattes.cnpq.br/9788 (probably) Yes No Yes
970055073455

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Limited to NACO


LC/NACO Authority File Yes Yes members Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Profile URIs can be


customized. See
http://help.linkedin.com Yes
LinkedIn /app/answers/detail/a_i No No Yes
d/87/~/customizing-
your-public-profile-url

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Has CV info with


Mendeley No Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable implicit affiliations.

Yes, URL format:


Names Project http://names.mimas.ac. Yes Yes Yes Yes
uk/individual/17107

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. However, this is not


recommeneded -- which No. Every researcher Sortof. Researchers can
Yes. Stable URI is is why the hub record ORCIDs. May link No. Element not
nanoHub associated with each community is currently creates his/her own to LinkedIn, Facebook, repeatable
system. profile
piloting the use of Google.
ORCIDs

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes, but it won't get an


NARCIS Yes Yes identifier after Yes. ISNI & Orcid Yes
registering.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. External identifiers, Yes


ORCID Yes Yes Yes not multiple ORCIDS

Yes, URL format:


ResearcherID http://www.researcheri Undocumented Yes Only to ORCID currently Yes
d.com/rid/?-****-**** (probably)

SciENcv Not applicable Not applicable Undocumented Yes Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Systems often have Yes. All CERIF


Symplectic Elements Yes Yes the ability to issue a Yes compatible systems
local identifier. have this functionality.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Associate an identifier Freely use the identifier Register a researcher Link a researcher’s Affiliate an individual
with an identity which in other systems. who does not yet have a multiple identifiers. researcher with multiple
resolves to information persistent identifier. departments or
about the researcher. institutions and multiple
disciplines.

Researcher/Identifier
System

VIAF Yes Yes Yes Yes no

VIVO Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Wikipedia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes. Informal

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

arXiv No No Not applicable Undocumented No

Author Claim Yes Yes No Yes No

Unclear. Documentation
Community of Scholars Yes Yes says that it integrates no no
with other systems

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. It is possible but has


rarely be done. You see
it sometimes with
Yes. You can see when Yes. It is a process which
names like John
someone moved from needs to be started
DAI one university to Johnson; and you see it Undocumented Undocumented manually (semi-
only when apparently
another automatically?)
the information is
available. It has not be
done on a regular basis.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. Can assign small


number of subject No. Does allow for
Google Scholar No categories, but No manual alerting service No
extremely limited

ISNI No Yes Yes Yes Yes

Undocumented (but
Integrated with various presumed to be the case
Lattes Platform Yes Yes national systems in Undocumented for integration with
Brazil other systems)

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

LC/NACO Authority File Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Limited. Possible to Limited. Possible to


share LinkedIn postings share LinkedIn postings
on Twitter. Ability to on Twitter. Ability to
share with Facebook share with Facebook
Yes, if the reseacher account appears to have account appears to have
him/herself records
LinkedIn Yes these roles, no if been removed. Able to No been removed. Able to
somebody else does it. share postings from share postings from
WordPress. Sharing not WordPress. Sharing not
initiated by the system, initiated by the system,
but on an case-by-case but on an case-by-case
basis by the researcher. basis by the researcher.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Has research field


Mendeley Yes key words Not applicable Undocumented No

Eprints plug-in
developed, but not yet
Names Project Yes Yes integrated with other Changes are tracked Not currently
systems

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Roles: No. Drop down


menu to select
"Employment status".
nanoHub No More than one subject No No No
can be entered in
"Interests"

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. The information is


updated when the
record has been edited
NARCIS Yes Yes Yes Yes in the source system
(the institutional
repository).

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. API's available, used


to communicate with
ORCID Yes No IR's , manuscript No No
management systems,
etc

ResearcherID Yes Yes Integrated with ORCID Undocumented Undocumented

SciENcv Yes No No Undocumented No

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Symplectic Elements Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Track the history of a Record and disseminate Communicate Track updates and to Communicate updates
researcher’s various a researcher’s various information between inform other systems from one system to
affiliations over time. roles or subject and among different about them. another, and vice-versa.
categories. systems.

Researcher/Identifier
System

VIAF no Yes Yes Yes Yes

No. Can easily be added No. Can easily be added


VIVO Yes Yes Yes but not part of the but not part of the
default options default options

Wikipedia Yes, in edit history Yes. Informal Yes Yes Yes. Bulk download

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

arXiv No Undocumented Yes No Yes

Author Claim Yes Yes. Backend Yes. Backend Yes No

Undocumented. Data is
edited does not say
Community of Scholars Undocumented whether all information Undocumented Undocumented Yes
is retained

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. Although you can


DAI see which institutions Yes Yes Yes No
are involved.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Partial. Researcher can


update their own copy
Google Scholar No No No No of publication
informaton, but not
globally

Yes. Members only


update directly but a
public message box
ISNI Yes Yes Yes Yes displays with record to
invite corrections,
amendments

Lattes Platform Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Ability to update


No. Only certain defined Yes. Dependent on Yes. Dependent on limited to NACO
Yes. Limited to NACO
LC/NACO Authority File data elements can be so software developed software developed members members; but requests
tagged. using the LC/NAF data using the LC/NAF data can be freely made by
public

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. See People Search


No. Information may not API:
http://developer.linkedin
be retained if profiles
are deleted. See Privacy .com/documents/peopl
LinkedIn No Policy: e-search-api Use of this No Not applicable
http://www.linkedin.co API is restricted,
however, "may not be
m/legal/privacy-policy used for the purposes of
database matching"

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Mendeley No Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented Yes

Names Project Yes Yes No No Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. Each researcher is


nanoHub No Undocumented No Not applicable responsible for his/her
own profile

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. Although you can


NARCIS see which institutions No Yes Yes Yes
are involved.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Partial. Limited No. Information can be


provenance tracking, stored without display, Yes
ORCID logged, much but schema is not user Yes Yes
provenance not extensible
available through API

Possibly available to Possibly available to


ResearcherID Undocumented Yes institutional subscribers institutional subscribers Yes

SciENcv Undocumented Undocumented Yes Undocumented Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Not available in all


Symplectic Elements Yes research information Yes Yes Yes
amangement systems.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Tag each data element Retain *all* information Support batch searching. Support batch updating. Update information in
with its received, even if it’s not the system or ask for it
source/provenance. all displayed. to be updated by a
researcher.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Bulk files, unlimited Yes. Standard method Yes. Done by importing
VIAF Yes Yes searching new source data

VIVO Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

Yes. Bulk files, unlimited Yes. Bots


Wikipedia Yes in best cases Not applicable searching Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

arXiv Not applicable Yes Yes Not applicable

Author Claim No Yes ? No

Yes. Though metadata is


undocumented as
Community of Scholars no interoperates with other Yes Yes
researcher identifier
systems must record

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. However some


names are very
common; and/or when
Yes. Resource identity of persons with the same Yes. Is possible, but
DAI Undocumented the institution is given name and initials work never used.
in the same field… it is
also difficult to
distinguish.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

No. Can import


Google Scholar No No No publication lists,
however

ISNI Yes Yes Yes No

Yes - XML format for


Lattes Platform exchange Yes Yes Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. LC catalogers if
using Z39.50 are able to
do this so long as there
is a reciprocal target.
LC/NACO Authority File Yes Yes Yes NACO participants must
rely on cut and paste
unless the utility being
used allows Z39.50.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Meaning the


researcher identifier?
LinkedIn Not applicable Metadata for Yes No
publications link to
LinkedIn profiles.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Has API which uses


Mendeley standard HTTP request Undocumented Yes. Has CV info. Not applicable
methods

Yes and no - not for


manual entry, but all
Yes - supports various
Names Project record formats Yes Yes Names records are
based on records from
other systems

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Depends on the
information provided by
the researcher. Profiles
may be very complete
Unclear. See Line 5.
nanoHub No Same? and public or kept Not applicable
private. Researchers also
have the option to
suppress only certain
elements.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Not applicable. Narcis No. Every record has an


does not assign
NARCIS Yes Yes identifiers; Narcis only own ID that can not be
reused
receives identifiers.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Partial. Partial, if
recommended metadata No. Can import
ORCID No Yes fields are populated, but publications, however
not required

Undocumented (but
ResearcherID Undocumented Yes Yes probably not)

SciENcv Undocumented Undocumented Yes Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Yes. Often from internal


systems within the
institution but
Symplectic Elements Yes Yes Yes increasingly from
ResearcherID.com,
Scopus or Mendeley.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Exchange metadata Record identifiers within Unambiguously identify Use an existing record Cross Cutting
among different identity the metadata for the an author/contributor from another system as Requirements
management systems. resource from the information in a template to start
the researcher identifier building a new name
system. record.

Researcher/Identifier
System

Not applicable. Records


VIAF Yes Yes Yes typically built outside
VIAF

No. Can be done as a


local activity if
VIVO Yes Yes Yes desired.Not part of
default options.

Yes, assuming a new


Wikipedia Not applicable Yes. Informal Yes article is considered a
new name record

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

arXiv Not applicable Undocumented Yes Not applicable

Author Claim Yes Yes No No

Partial. Public interface


Community of Scholars via Scholars Universe Undocumented Yes No
with limited information

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

DAI Yes. Very difficult to find. Undocumented Undocumented No

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Google Scholar Yes Yes No No

Yes. Only authorised


ISNI Yes Yes editors can directly No
update system

For partners, not


Lattes Platform publicly available as far Undocumented Yes Undocumented
as I could see

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Yes. (If asking if the


someone or something Yes. Limited by policy to the
LC/NACO Authority File Yes Yes that updates the system NACO Node Partners
can be authenticated.)

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Yes. LinkedIn username and


password can be used to
Yes if this means that
the researcher updating authorize various other
Yes. Undocumented, but systems. See example:
search in Chinese his/her profile or the API http://developer.linkedin.co
LinkedIn Yes characters works in UTF- user queriying the m/showcase/business-
8 browser. system can be insider-sign-linkedin or
authenticated. http://developer.linkedin.co
m/showcase/economist

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Mendeley Not applicable Undocumented Yes Not applicable

Names Project Yes Yes Not currently No

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Yes if this means that


the researcher updating Yes. LinkedIn, Facebook and
Yes. Caveat: Unicode his/her profile or the API Google log ins can be used
nanoHub No support uneven user queriying the
throughout the system. to authenticate
system can be
authenticated.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Not applicable.
NARCIS Yes Undocumented Harvester Yes. Shibboleth

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

ORCID Yes Yes Yes No

Only for institutional For researcher and


ResearcherID subscribers Undocumented subscribing institutions No

SciENcv Yes Yes Undocumented Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Yes. Most research


information
management systems Yes. Not available in all
Yes. Not available in all implement a number of research information
Symplectic Elements research information Yes different authentication amangement systems.
amangement systems. integrations: at least
Active Directory, LDAP or
Shibboleth.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Search and retrieve Support Unicode to Authentication Allow authentication of Authorize researchers
information on record researchers’ and authorization actor and authorization against multiple
researchers from a names and citations in requirements of query/update to independent systems, either
publicly-accessible their own language and name authority system. using federated ID protocol
database through a writing system. such as OpenID or
machine interface/API. Shibboleth, or having client
Researcher/Identifier systems store and maintain
multiple credentials and
System manage multiple protocols.

Not applicable. Free


VIAF Yes Yes access Not applicable

VIVO Yes Yes Yes Yes

Not applicable. Free


Wikipedia Yes Yes access No

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

arXiv No Yes. RSS, OAI-PMH No

Author Claim Yes No No

Community of Scholars No Undocumented Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

DAI No Undocumented Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

Google Scholar No No No

ISNI Yes Yes. SRU/Atom Not applicable

Lattes Platform Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

Yes. Limited to NACO


LC/NACO Authority File No participants Not applicable

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

No. In theory it is
possible to maintain for Yes. Certain transactions
than one profile, i.e. are protected by SSL
LinkedIn identity, however, that is Undocumented encryption. See privacy
considered a "misuse" of policy 4e
service. See User
agreement, sec. 7

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

Yes. HTTP request


methods for querying
Mendeley Not applicable info only, not for No
updating info

Names Project Yes No Not applicable

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

nanoHub No Undocumented Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

NARCIS Yes Not applicable Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

ORCID No Yes Yes

ResearcherID Yes No Undocumented

SciENcv No Undocumented Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

Yes. This will be a corner


case for research
information
management systems
since most institutions
will hold disambiguated
records for their internal Yes. Most research
staff. However, it is information
Symplectic Elements sometimes the case that management systems Yes
a person will have two have proprietary APIs.
(or more) roles within an
institution and have two
(or more) different
"identities" within the
institution that they
manage and keep
separate.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Account for people who Interoperability Identify protocol for Security Use encryption for all
want to maintain Requirements defining query/update, requirements network connections to
multiple separate initiating query/update, service involving
identities without linking and interpreting results updates if warranted.
those identities, i.e. the (both content and error
ability to “opt out” of conditions resulting, if
Researcher/Identifier how information is any)
gathered and/or
System displayed.

VIAF Yes Yes. Uses SRU/Atom Not applicable

VIVO Yes Yes Yes

Wikipedia No Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

arXiv Undocumented High scalability 1 batch API query/day Available 24/7

Author Claim No Yes Yes Yes

Community of Scholars Undocumented Yes Yes Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

office hours (in the


DAI No Undocumented Undocumented Netherlands...)

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Undocumented.
Extremely high, Undocumented. Likely Undocumented. Likely
Google Scholar No manages at least 100Ms extremely high 24X7
of records

High scalability. Largest


ISNI Yes High scalability batch processed c. 97 aims for 24/7
million records

Undocumented (but
Lattes Platform Undocumented given number of records Undocumented Undocumented
in system, probably yes)

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Documented at:
High scalability. Increase http://www.lod.gov/ils/
Accessibility of the
in "normal" update LC/NAF at partner NACO
Yes. Federal standards High but not loads requires
LC/NACO Authority File for public data apply documented notification and nodes will depend on
agreement of all NACO their schedules. Public
notification sent out for
node partners. expected and/or
extended outages.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Yes. Undocumented --
Yes. Undocumented -- but given the number of
Yes. See privacy policy
LinkedIn 4e but given the size of the daily searches that the Yes. 24/7
system probably yes. system supports
probably yes.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Mendeley Undocumented High scalability API 150 requests/hr Available 24/7

Names Project Yes Yes (we think!) Undocumented Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Yes. Scalability issues


have been encountered
depending on the size of
the hub. Hosting
nanoHub Yes nanoHub requires a Undocumented Yes. 24/7
large number of
machines. May have to
start splitting database
server.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

NARCIS Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented "24/7"

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Undocumented. Higher
Undocumented. performance queries
Currently scaling to at available to members, Undocumented.
ORCID No least 1M's of researchers but specific Appears to be close to
and associated records performance level not 24x7
documented

ResearcherID Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented

Undocumented. Undocumented. Based


Targeting at least size of Undocumented on general agency
SciENcv Yes US researcher practice, likely 24/7 is
population targeted

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Yes. Most research Yes. Most research Yes. Most research


information information
information
management systems management systems management systems
Symplectic Elements Yes are dependent on are dependent on
have APIs to support this university systems
university systems for for
type of mass data
these statistics since these statistics since
extraction or update.
they are installed. they are installed.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

Comply with enterprise Performance The scalability that is The load of The availability of
security standards. (For Requirements; required in terms of queries/updates per service that is required.
example, Harvard has a Document and number of records for institution the system
well-constructed and Estimate: the given context. must support.
systematic set of
requirements at
Researcher/Identifier http://security.harvard.e
du.)
System

Yes. Currently handling 7


million queries/week.
No limit to the number Yes. Tries for 24x7
VIAF Yes Yes of updates or additions
processed each month
from each source.

Yes. Normal conditions:


30 million triples for U
Florida alone. Aggregate Undocumented. Open 24/7
VIVO Yes stores with billions blog discusses any issues
would need additional
technical effort

Wikipedia Yes Yes Undocumented Yes

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

arXiv non-exlusive use or CC


arXiv Undocumented Undocumented BY or CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 Undocumented

Author Claim Yes No No restrictions Not applicable. No API

The data contained within scholar


profiles within our products are
for use in facilitating research and
collaboration amongst colleagues.
Yes. Is a subscription Neither you nor your Authorized
Community of Scholars Yes product so assume yes
Users may export or otherwise Undocumented
exploit the scholar profiles for
mass mailings or similar
marketing purposes.
http://www.refworks-
cos.com/terms/PQCSACOS/

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

DAI Undocumented No Only for parnters No API service

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

Undocumented. Likely 5
Google Scholar sigma No Undocumented Not applicable

Yes. Some proprietary data


sourced from RMOs (Rights
High (Question what this
ISNI means) Yes. With ISNI IA management Organisations) is
restricted and suppressed
from public view

Lattes Platform Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented Undocumented

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

Not applicable. LC/NAF


is a flat file as
distributed to its
Undocumented. Business
LC/NACO Authority File Internally documented No model under discussion partners thus, this is
dependent on software
developed to use the
LC/NAF.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

Yes. There are a number


Yes. Reuse and sharing of data
No. There is a user of restrictions on API
appears to be strictly limited --
agreement: usage. See:
LinkedIn Yes http://www.linkedin.co for parties other than LinkedIn https://developer.linkedi
that is. See user agreements
m/legal/user-agreement n.com/documents/linke
(2B) and API terms of use. din-apis-terms-use

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

Undocumented. Mendeley
users are the "rights" holders
to the information they put
into the system, granting
Mendeley non-exclusive
Mendeley Undocumented Undocumented license to manipulate or Undocumented
distribute content. Unclear
what the terms Mendeley
extracts for users of content
vs. depositors of content

Names Project Undocumented No Freely available for re-use No restrictions

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

Various legal statements No restrictions on contribution Not applicable. First APIs


can be found here:
nanoHub Yes https://nanohub.org/leg metadata use, unless it is kept are in the process of
private. being developed.
al

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

See 'terms of use' NARCIS


NARCIS Undocumented No http://www.narcis.nl/terms/La Undocumented
nguage/en

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

No restriction. ORCID
Undocumented. Likely 3- Yes. Member agreement No restriction. CC0 on all imposes no restriction,
ORCID 4 sigma available, standardized public data data may still be subject
to user privacy

Proprietary system -
ResearcherID Undocumented Undocumented subscription required for some Undocumented
uses

Undocumented. Based
on general agency Open access. Based on NIH
SciENcv practice, likely 4-5 No general policy Undocumented
sigma targeted

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

Some data vendors


allow complete reuse of
their data; others allow
re-use in specific outlets
such as institutional
repositories; others
Yes. Restrictions on the use of require institutions to
only use the data
bibliographic data are
Yes. Most research internally; occasionally
sometimes provided by data particular technologies
Differs from client to information
Symplectic Elements client. management vendors vendors. These restrictions
are usually independent of the are disallowed. In some
will offer an SLA. cases, data may be
research information reused/displayed
management system. publicly but only if the
source of the data is
acknowledged. Some
vendors require data to
be deleted if the
subscription is
cancelled.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

The level of reliability Licensing/legal Is there a Service Level What restrictions on use of What restrictions on use
that is required. Requirements Agreement? (URL?) data or permissions required of API’s/code are there
for different types of uses? for different types of
Reuse in catalogs? Sharing? uses?
E.g. MIT strongly favors open
access but has not required it
Researcher/Identifier for bib data. Harvard has
moved to OA for their bib data
System and identifiers.

None. Limits multiple


VIAF Yes No Uses ODC-By license simultaneous
transactions

BSD 3
http://opensource.org/li
VIVO High Institutional level No restrictions with attribution censes/BSD-3-Clause.
Name of person; date;
organisaton the person
is with

Seems to be moving to a more Not documented. Not


Wikipedia No open license. considered a problem

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

License granted is non-


arXiv revokable Access is currently free

Not applicable. No cost


Author Claim All restrictions model

http://www.refworks-
Community of Scholars cos.com/terms/PQCSAC subscription product
OS/

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Subscription depending
No reuse by other, not
DAI affiliated partners. on the size of the
institution.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Free to use. Google pet


Google Scholar Not applicable project

Variable. Member
subscriptions + queries
ISNI priced at variable rates
based on volume

Lattes Platform Undocumented Government-supported

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Free to users of
authorities.loc.gov on a
record by record basis;
Free bulk download
available to users of
ID.loc.gov,
Undocumented. http://id.loc.gov/about/;
Dependent on who's Subscriptions costs thru
LC/NACO Authority File holding the LC/NAF data CDS available at:
internally or externally. http://www.loc.gov/cds/
products/product.php?
productID=66
Dependent on who's
holding the LC/NAF data
either internally at LC or
externally.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Free for basic account,


different monthly or
LinkedIn Unclear annual charges for
Business, Business Plus,
or Executive

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Basic Access free,


Mendeley Undocumented premium & institutional
subscriptions

Names Project Not applicable No cost model currently

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Free for indivduals using


nanoHUB. Rates for
institutions looking to
nanoHub https://nanohub.org/legal/licensing
run their own hub as a
hosted solution:
https://hubzero.org/hos
ting/purdue

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

NARCIS Not applicable Not applicable

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Free, tiered institutional


subscription. Free to
researchers, free for
queries, paid service
ORCID CC0 (tiered by institutions
size) for
bulk/institutional
updates

ResearcherID Undocumented Undocumented

None. Based on NIH


SciENcv general policy Agency supported

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

Vendors would need to Most data licences are


be asked. Clauses are per institution and
Symplectic Elements generally not available cannot be acquired for
to the public. individuals.

2014-08-16
Research Networking Systems Profiled Mapped to Functional Requirements

What are the generic What are the cost


licensing clauses? models? Per -query?
Subscription-only?
Both? By institution only
or by individuals as well?
Prices?
Researcher/Identifier
System

None. Fairly well


VIAF understood license Free

BSD 3
http://opensource.org/li Free to both institutions
censes/BSD-3-Clause. and individuals, code
VIVO Name of person; date; and data. Sponsors are
organisaton the person organized by DuraSpace
is with

Some material is under a Free


Wikipedia share-alike license

2014-08-16