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TEME PENTRU NIVELUL DEBUTANT LIMBA ENGLEZĂ

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TEMA NR. 1 PRONUMELE PERSONALE. VERBUL “TO BE” - CONJUGARE LA INDICATIV PREZENT. ARTICOLUL SCRIEREA, CITIREA ŞI TRADUCEREA PRONUMELOR PERSONALE Pronumele personale ale limbii engleze sunt: SINGULAR I [ ai] eu tu el - pentru persoane ea - pentru persoane You [ iu:] He [hi:] She [ ‫ﻛ‬I:] .

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It [ it ]

el, ea - pentru obiecte, animale. PLURAL

We You They

noi voi ei/ele. Este utilizat atât pentru persoane, cât şi pentru obiecte.

CONJUGAREA VERBULUI “TO BE” LA INDICATIV PREZENT. Conjugarea verbului “To Be” (a fi) la afirmativ SINGULAR / I am You are He is She is It is - eu sunt - tu eşti - el este - ea este - el/ea este PLURAL We are You are They are - noi suntem - voi sunteţi - ei sunt/ele sunt

FORMELE DE AFIRMATIV, INTEROGATIV ŞI NEGATIV Forma de interogativ: Se obţine fãcând inversiunea între subiect/pronume personal şi verbul “Be”, la singular sau plural. Exemple:

4 You are He is Mary is It is They are . I am busy. They are at home. We are not You are not They are not. Peter is a police officer. mai ales în engleza vorbitã. They are officers. Forma de negativ Se obţine prin adãugarea negaţiei “not” dupã verbul “Be”.Is he? .Are you? .Is Mary/is she? . Conjugarea la forma de negativ. are not-aren’t. She is in the classroom. la singular sau plural. Notã: La negativ. We are in the bedroom. John is tired. I am not You are not He/She is not It is not.Is it ? .Are they? Treceţi la interogativ I am busy. Treceţi urmãtoarele propoziţii la negativ. It is interesting. He is hungry/angry. . se pot utiliza şi formele contrare: is not-isn’t.

a student. Articolul hotãrât Este “the” şi se aşază. . The . a university.denumiri ale organismelor hidrografice: The Olt River. a water-melon. The Whites. The Carpathians. Time etc. The Opera.nume de familii la plural: The Browns. the egg. The Patria Cinema. Articolul nehotãrât Are douã forme: “a” şi ”an” “a” se pronunţã [ Ә ] în faţa unei consoane şi a sunetului [ iu] provenit din “ue” sau “eu”. . an heir. the University. Exemple: a book. Reviste: Life. a yard. The Truth etc. the ewe.cu nume de ziare. Exemple: the man. the elephant. The Guardian. the flag. The National History Museum. faţă de limba română în faţa substantivelor. an honest man. an hour. the policeman. dar nu şi de reviste. . Tot a [ Ә ] se foloseşte înaintea cuvintelor care încep cu w sau y. the officer. 2. a woman. The Lido Hotel.5 ARTICOLUL HOTÃRÂT ŞI NEHOTÃRÂT 1. the desk. The Danube. the Ewings. an elephant. an idea. the window. a european. The Black Sea. care au de obicei articolul zero..denumiri ale lanţurilor Himalayas etc. muntoase: The Alps. exemple: The Times. an officer. Exemple: the officer. Exemple: an egg. the hour. a microuniverse. “An” se pronunţã [ Әn ] forma slabã sau [ Ә n] forma tare şi se foloseşte înaintea cuvintelor care încep cu un sunet vocalic sau a lui “h” mut. The British Museum. The Atlantic Ocean.nume de instituţii: The Police. Articolul hotãrât trebuie utilizat în context cu: . the orange. the year. . the policewoman. the honour.

TEMA NR. VOCABULAR: Open .cetãţean (ã). 4. Subliniaţi noţiunile gramaticale întâlnite în fiecare dintre propoziţii. 8. 7. CITIREA ŞI TRADUCEREA UNOR PROPOZIŢII CE CONŢIN NOŢIUNILE GRAMATICALE PREZENTATE Citiţi şi traduceţi urmãtoarele propoziţii. 2. I am at the window. John is an officer. 1. 5. The orange is tasty. LA DESPĂRŢIRE. 2 FORMULE DE SALUT. DEMONSTRATIVELE “THIS” ŞI “THAT”. tasty . He is British. Citizen .6 SCRIEREA. She is a French citizen. Shut .închide/închideţi. Shut the door. ADVERBELE “HERE” ŞI “THERE” PREZENTAREA FORMULELOR DE SALUT SPECIFIC ENGLEZEŞTI UTILIZATE LA ÎNTÂLNIRE. ÎN RAPORT CU PERIOADELE ZILEI . 6. 10. Open the book.deschide/deschideţi. She is a teacher of English. 9. 3.gustos/gustoasã. I am a student. They are in the yard.

la întâlnire. Alte forme de salut specific englezeşti: “Hello” / Salut. Good night /Noapte bună. Inspector etc. Se spune la ore târzii. “ Good afternoon”/ Bună ziua Se foloseşte la întâlnire. până la ora prânzului. de obicei după “ora ceaiului”. Se foloseşte doar la despărţire. “Good morning” / Bună dimineaţa. Obs.7 Saluturi în raport cu perioadele zilei. “How do you’do”! / Vă salut / Să trăiţi / Sărut mâna. 2. “Good evening”/ Bună seara. Se utilizează de obicei după ora 5. cuvintele Sir.1. la întâlnirea cu o persoană. Când salutul este adresat unei persoane mai în vârstă. după caz. La fel ca în limba română. la formulele de salut. între persoane de aceiaşi vârstă (sau vârste apropiate). Este o formă de salut folosită între prieteni sau cunoscuţi. . în intervalul dintre masa de prânz şi ora 5 după amiază (“tea time”).este folosit rar. se vor adăuga. menţionate anterior. . Această formulă de salut se utilizează. uneia căreia îi datorăm respect. numai la despărţire.“Good day” . deasemenea. “Good evening”/Bună seara. pentru întreruperea unei discuţii neplăcute sau chiar a unei relaţii. acest salut se foloseşte la întâlnire în primele ore ale dimineţii. Obs. Madam. noroc.

Explicaţii: . cu care am fost întâmpinaţi. Tom. .I’m fine. Tom. Mary? Mary: This is a book. mersi. It’s a fine picture.Just so and so / Aşa şi aşa. thanks / Sunt bine. faţă de persoane pe care le respectăm. It’s on the chair. . (niciodată prin “How do you do !”). Mary? Mary: It is here. Răspunsul variază de la caz la caz: . It’s an English book. Tom: And what is that? Mary: That is a picture.I’m all right / Foarte bine. ADVERBELE “HERE” ŞI “THERE” Tom: What is this. TEXT SPECIFIC: “WHAT IS THIS?” EXPLICAREA DEMONSTRATIVELOR “THIS” ŞI “THAT”. “How are you ?” Este o expresie cu referire la starea sănătăţii sau dispoziţia unei persoane. . Tom: And where is the dog? The dog is there It’s near the door. isn’t it? Tom: Where is the cat. I’m afraid / Mi-e teamă că nu (mă simt) prea bine.8 Această formă de salut poate fi utilizată la orice oră. La ea se răspunde tot prin salutul “How do you do”!.No too well.

is a chair. 4. It is there. Completaţi cu “this” sau “that”...aici. “Here” şi “There” sunt adverbe de loc... . A: And what is that? B: That is a picture. 3.. It is on the chair.. 1. It is here. is a map. It is there. is a photo. is a blackboard. 6. nu direcţia. EXERCIŢII GRAMATICALE ŞI DE VOCABULAR 1. It is here.acolo. It is here. Here .. Se foloseşte la începutul propoziţiilor (în propoziţiile afirmative şi negative).... It’s on the wall. aceasta şi determină un substantiv. aceea” şi se foloseşte pentru a indica un obiect.. It’s on the desk. acel. . That se traduce prin: “acela. is a book. It is here. 2. It is there. indică apropierea There . . acest. is a pencil-box. A: And what is that? B: That is a dog. pentru a arăta că obiectul sau de persoana menţionată se găseşte în apropierea vorbitorului. Citiţi şi traduceţi: A: What is this? B: This is a cat. 2. deci indică locul propriu-zis. A: What is this? B: This is a pen. 5. It is here.9 This se traduce prin: “acesta.. It is there. .. It is near the door.. un animal sau o persoană aflată la o mai mare depărtare de vorbitor. indică depărtarea. . .

is a table. .. My forename is Michael..: I see.10 7. 3 MODALITĂŢI UZUALE DE EXPRIMARE A NUMELUI ŞI PRENUMELUI. 10.. Have you got a Nickname ? J.: No..Parker.: My father’s name is James D.. I don’t think so.: D stands for Duncan.: My name is John.: What is your father’s name ? J. . A. but my friends call me Mike. . TEXTE SPECIFICE. A. Now she is Mrs. .: What does “D” stand for in his name ? J. . is a wall. It is there. DIALOGUE TWO / DIALOGUL 2 A. Mike is your pet-name. It is here. A...: And what was your mother’s maiden name ? J.: It was Alice Priestley.: What’s your name ? J.. TEMA NR. It is there. is a window. 8. is a pen.Parker. It is here. 9. EXPRIMAREA NUMELUI ŞI PRENUMELUI Citiţi şi traduceţi următoarele dialoguri: Read and translate the following dialogues: DIALOGUE ONE / DIALOGUL 1 A. James D.

Surname . J. His girlfriend. His job consists in taking photos of dangerous animals. but that’s her opinion! “Our house is full of spiders and other strange animals”.Forename – prenume .11 A. ADJECTIVELE POSESIVE Citiţi şi traduceţi urmãtorul text: Our Man in Australia Tom is a reporter for a famous American magazine.: You will have to go to the Police Station in order to write a complaint in which you should mention: your surname. address and the conditions on which the burglary occured. place and date of birth.Christian name – nume de botez . For the moment he is living in the Australian desert. Sir. she says.Pet-name – nume de alint ( diminutiv) . . DIALOGUE THREE / DIALOGUL 3 A. I’m going to the Police Station right away.Ce reprezintă litera D în numele său? .: That’s not right. Christian / first name.Alice Parker.: Thank you.Nickname .nume de familie .zis şi TEXT SPECIFIC.: I thought that after getting married she became Mrs.What does “D” stand for in his name ? .Alias . B. Words and Phrases .poreclă . Barbara thinks that he is mad.

12 But Tom loves his job very much.faimos.trãieşte/locuieşte . It’s your pen. ţinând locul unui substantiv în cazul genitiv. You have a cat. He has a pencil-box.pãianjeni .Este puţin aventurier/Are ceva din genul . Vocabular famous magazine He is living spiders full of aventurierului. It’s your cat. It’s our dog. Pronume personale (subiecte) Adjective posesive PREZENTAREA PRONUMELOR POSESIVE Acestea sunt. genitivele pronumelor personale. We have a dog. my your his her its our your their I you he she it we you they . She has a bag. renumit . you know. comparaţi şi reţineţi. Citiţi. They have a ball. It’s my pencil. It’s his pencil-box.revistã . It’s their ball. de fapt. He is a bit of an adventurer. I have a pencil.plin (ã) de He is a bit of an adventurer . ADJECTIVELE POSESIVE Indicã posesia şi se aşeazã întotdeauna înaintea substantivelor. It’s her bag. You have a pen.

ai mei. SUBSTANTIVUL : GEN ŞI NUMĂR. TEXT CU EXPRIMAREA UNOR PROFESII. a voastrã. ai sãi.a. ale lor. These houses are theirs. you know. 4 PROFESII. a noastrã. al . A.a. NOTÃ . ale sale Pronumele posesive nu mai sunt ca adjectivele. Exemple: These pens are ours. TEMA NR. ai.a. a mea.: I have a part-time job as a nurse in a big hospital. ai noştri. . al . The blue shirt is hers.13 Formele de singular mine . And I’m still studying to become a doctor. ai. ale sale hers . Formele de plural ours . ale lui. ale ei. I want to cure sick people. Exemple: This blue car is his.al vostru. ai. ale tale his . a ta. a sa.al nostru. A LOCULUI DE MUNCĂ ŞI A SPECIFICULUI ACTIVITĂŢILOR DESFĂŞURATE.“Its” nu se foloseşte ca pronume posesiv. ai tãi.al tãu. Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul dialog. ale mele yours . urmate de un substantiv. ale noastre yours .al meu.: What’s your job? B. a sa. ale voastre theirs . ai voştri.

A part .I work overtime . I do office work. to 4 p.Doctor . She also took her degree in English at the University of Bucharest.: What are your office hour? A.Care este slujba ta ? .: What about your parents? What is your mother’s job? B. My father is a physician.I am on duty .What are your qualifications ? – Ce specializări ai? . I’m a civil servant.A full .O slujbă cu normă întreagă .Program de lucru . .m.14 A.Lucrez peste program . .She took her degree – Şi-a luat licenţa . Cuvinte şi expresii / Words and Phrases . B.O slujbă cu o jumătate de normă. May I ask what are your qualifications? A.Sunt de serviciu NOTĂ: Substantivele care exprimă profesiile la singular vor fi precedate de articolul nehotărât.Office / Work hours .: My office hours are from 8 a.: Do you have to work overtime? A. B.What’s your job .time job .Physician . He has been practising medicine for more than 20 years.: From time to time I go off duty late in the evening.: Well.I go off duty .time job . Mary is an engineer. Exemplu: John is a Police Officer.m.Termin programul .: She is a French teacher.

A. Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul dialog. responding to calls from the population. investigating different crimes.: I am a Law Enforcement Official.: You’re welcome.15 TEXT ÎN LIMBA ENGLEZĂ CU TERMENI SPECIFICI UTILIZAŢI ÎN DESFĂŞURAREA ACTIVITĂŢII LUCRĂTORILOR DE POLIŢIE. VOCABULAR : Law Enforcement Official.a îndeplini In compliance with – în concordanţă cu Prevention . The efforts made by the Romanian Police are directed towards a higher efficiency. A.: It include.activitate de cotracarare .: Thank you for your detailed information. fulfilled in compliance with our country’s Constitutional provisions and the European Convention of Human Rights. A main responsibility is safety insurance. Can you tell me anything about the Romanian Police ? B. food and car patrols .: Where do you work ? B. To enforce – a aplica To fulfil . maintaing the public order .: What exactly does your work include? B.prevenire Counteraction activities.: The Romanian Police work throughout the country. A. This duty is. towards making the crime prevention and counteraction activities more diverse and numerous. A. B.: So you work with the Police.

Exemple: boy. policewoman. love. she-wolf. anger. Genul neutru / The Neuter Gender Desemnează lucrurile . Tot feminine sunt şi: ship. night. clause GENUL ŞI NUMĂRUL SUBSTANTIVELOR. C. Tot de genul masculine sunt şi : sun. lioness. profesie. Exemple : mosquito. Genul comun / The Common Gender . (stare). door. întruchipând femeia ca fiinţă. worm. peace. baby. Tot de genul neutru sunt şi animalele inferioare (sau cele mici/şi copii mici. father. Exemple: mother. house.tot ceea ce este neînsufleţit şi nu implică ideea de sex. window. table. etc. wind. the river. thunder.. he-wolf. mouse.chalk. pride. B. Genul masculin / The Masculine Gender Au genul masculin substantivele care desemnează fiinţele de sex masculine . the storm. country (prin personificare).a contracara . naţionalitate. car. policeman. D. rain.brather.16 To counteract Provisions . aceste substantive se pot înlocui prin pronumele personal “he” . Exemple: room. Genul feminin / The Feminine Gender Desemnează fiinţele de gen feminin. kindness. sister. man. Genul substantivelor A.prevederi. picture.

pe câtă vreme în limba română substantivul poate fi masculine. în afara unui contex pot fi de ambele sexe/genul masculin sau feminin. fie masculine. An oak (neutru) A table(neutru) A chair (neutru) un stejar (masculin) o masă (feminine) un scaun (neutru) Diferenţa de formă între substantivele masculine şi cele feminine. Alte substantive de genul comun : doctor. Boy Brother Uncle Bull Mother Son girl sister aunt cow policewoman father daughter Policeman - PLURALUL SUBSTANTIVELOR . Exemple: The teacher gave a few more examples. Ex. feminine sau neutru.17 Cuprinde substantivele care. Într-un context oarecare ele devin fie feminine. S-a observat din exemplificările date. deosebirile faţă de limba română în ceea ce priveşte genul substantivelor care desemnează lucruri în limba engleză. tot ceea ce nu este însufleţit este de genul neutru. friend. cousin. as she/he wanted the pupils to understand the rule. engineer. Substantivele feminine se deosebesc de cele masculine se poate face prin forme / cuvinte diferite.

[f]. după sunetele [p]. [v] : door spas dog job bag song car thing doors spas dogs jobs bags songs cars things 2. 1.[m]. x) formează pluralul prin adăugarea terminaţiei – es pronunţată [iz]: Ex: .18 Formarea pluralului substantivelor simple. [l]. ch. după sunetele vocalice şi după sunetele consonatice sonore [b]. ss. se formează prin adăugarea consoanei – S la forma de singular.[Z]. [d]. Consoana respectivă se poate pronunţa : . [O] : Cup Boot Boat Book cliff chief faith month cups boots boats books cliffs chiefs faiths months lenghth lenghths . [n].[S]. [k]. [t]. Substantivele terminate la singular în consoanele şuierătoare (s. Pluralul regulat. [g]. sh.

Substantivele terminate în vocala – o: Sb + es [i z] Ex : potato tomato hero echo potatoes tomatoes heroes echoes Excepţie fac substantivele mai nou intrate în limbaj (neologismele). cu pronunţia [vz] : Ex: Wolf Wife Half Life wolves wives halves lives 4. Substantivele terminate în – f şi – fe transformă consoana f în v. după care se adaugă – es.19 bus class church watch clash box buses classes churches watches clashes boxes 3. respectiv – s. cărora li se adaugă doar – S : Ex : piano photo radio video pianos photos radios videos .

Forme de plural neregulate : La aceste substantive forma de plural diferă de cea de singular prin una sau mai multe litere . VERBUL “TO HAVE” . Oh. He is short and fat. aceste forme sunt. This is my father. A. în general. Look at this photo. 5 FAMILIA.20 5. you have a very nice grandmother and I’m sure she loves her grandson very much. How about your brother? Is he in this photo? B. indeed. Grandfather is an engineer and grandmother is a teacher. Oh.CONJUGARE LA INDICATIV PREZENT TEXT SPECIFIC. He is tall and thin. A. he’s very funny. These are my grandparents. PREZENTAREA MEMBRILOR UNEI FAMILII A. he is here. my aunt. Yes.. păstrate din engleza veche : Ex : man woman tooth foot goose child men women teeth feet geese children TEMA NR. B. Here is my mother. Are you a large family? B. . Yes.. my uncle. He is a police officer. Yes. then my sister..

.. I’ve got brown hair. Completaţi literele lipsă din cuvintele întâlnite în text. a..n..e . They have a horse/a gun/a rifle. Ex.rt and t . Ex...n ..-. b..h .and th.. c. She’s got green eyes.My bro . He has got a big nose.. CONJUGARE LA INDICATIV PREZENT Citiţi şi reţineţi: I have a big house.-.. She has a hat.. the cat. It has milk. the dog.y..u .t is b . He has a farm in the country.y f . e.My g .F. And these are my little “friends”: Rocky.M ....f . . You have a white cat.l . and Betty. d. PREZENTAREA VERBULUI “TO HAVE”.r is v ...her is t-l. Exprimarea posesiei se mai poate face şi folosind particula “got”.is .. We have a dog.r is s. Această construcţie poate avea şi rol descriptiv.. You have a new pen.: They have got new uniforms..21 He is a very good pupil. după verb.My a .f .

Anne has got a new bag and a pair of jeans. hasn’t. Daţi răspunsuri afirmative şi negative: Have you got a dog? Has she got a new blouse? Have they got a problem? EXERCIŢII LEXICALE ŞI GRAMATICALE 1. my uncle and my aunt. imediat după verb. of course. Do + Sb. My mother has got a new white blouse and my father has a blue shirt and a new. Citiţi şi traduceţi următoarele texte: A. beautiful pull-over. They have got a lamp from mother and father and a new. prin adăugarea negaţiei not. I have a new photo album and some chocolate. Any presents for our grandparents? Yes. sau folosind construcţia : Sb. We all have beautiful presents. (got) …… ? Have you got a difficult case ? 2. We are all at home: my parents my grandparents. Do you have any idea about this burglary ? Forma de negativ a verbului “To Have” se obţine ca şi la verbul “To Be”. Today is Christmas Eve. . + do not /don’t have …… Există şi formele contrase: haven’t. Anne and I. beautiful hat from me and Anne.22 Propoziţiile interogative cu „to have” se pot forma în două moduri: 1. Have + Sb. + have …………. utilizate mai ales în vorbire.

....The baby-sitter can’t ... g...Julie has .. Well. and a .... 2...23 B..... Jill: Yes.. she hasn’t... She’s fine.. . a new . isn’t it?.. got . a ... 1..We are.. Completaţi cu cuvinte din text: a.. Jill: So Dennis can’t come.he can’t come tonight. what’s wrong with Julie ? Has she got a headache? Sandra: No..... Peter: .... Julie is in big trouble! Exerciţii gramaticale şi lexicale.. b.His little brother ...... I.... and a . beautiful..Anne ..My mother has a . and Julie’s sad.We all .. Înlocuiţi întrebarea “What about you? cu o întrebare cu “have got” conjugat. Sandra: And the baby-sitter can’t baby-sit because she has an important exam tomorrow..... Peter: Are you sure? I think she’s got a problem! Jill: It’s Dennis.. e...Today is Christmas.. because she has . But tell me.. Peter: Hi! Nice party. you see. c. h. she has got a problem. Peter: Why not? Sandra: His little brother has got smallpox.. a .... and his parents are away.... f..I think Julie is......Grandparents have .. and my father has a ..... of.... I think she’s in love! Jill: You are right. at.. ’ve got an Italian car.... j. girls.. d... and a beautiful.. What about you? . ...

. What about Jason? e.Tim has got a mask. PREZENTUL SIMPLU .24 Have you got an Italian car too? a. TEXTE SPECIFICE ÎN LIMBA ENGLEZĂ CU VERBE LA PREZENTUL SIMPLU.They have got a blue Ferrari..I’ve hot a house with a garden.We’ve got new rollerblades. Alex : Paul. 6 EXPRIMAREA ACTIVITĂŢILOR DEVENITE OBIŞNUINŢE. as a general rule ? Paul : . What about them? c. What about Lauren? d.Han has got a white dress. What do you do every morning.. What about you? b. Notaţi utilizarea verbelor la timpul « prezent simplu » în contextul dat .. What about John? f. Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul text.The Browns have got their own house... let’s practise the Present Tense Simple now. What about the Whites? TEMA NR.

I take a bus or a tram and I get home at about 4:30. Sometimes instead of reading I listen to English cassettes. I rarely have more than that for breakfast. I usually get up/wake up at seven o’clock every day. Diana : How many hours do yon work on week-days? Paul: I work eight hours a day. a cup of tea.25 Well. Alex: And what do you generally do in the afternoon? Paul: Well. I go to the bathroom. That is a good practice in order to improve my English Knowledge. I am never late for work. isn’t it? Alex: Oh .V. I eat something and then I sometimes take a nap. Then I read the day’s newspapers and watch T. Then I shave and get dressed. I always leave home at 7 :45 as it seldom takes me more than 15 minutes to get to my office. I am often early. VOCABULAR Let’s practice . Occasionally.m. I usually have breakfast at a quarter past seven. except on Saturday and Sunday.Să practicăm . and I work hard. This generally consists of toast and marmalade. that is 40 hours a week. bread and butter. This is hardly ever more than an hour. In fact. it’s black coffee instead of tea. I always or nearly always have / take a shower. yes ! I do often this thing. too. I always leave the office at 4 :15 p. Before going to bed I read a book . and sometimes ham and eggs too.

bye.Ah. for his birthday. Mrs.Trag un pui de somn . I get home at……… I take a nap I have/take a shower . Does Dennis like Eric Clapton ? 2. He thinks they’re gangsters ! 8) Mark : well. Mark. You ‘re such a pain…! He wants a pair of trousers “! 4) Sandra : Er… I think he likes Eric Clapton. Mark : No. Peter : Does he want a console ? 5 ) Mark : A console ! Too expensive! Sandra : He wants a video game. Ah! What does Dennis want for his birthday ? Guess! 3) Sandra :Oh. he prefers U2. he wants to take photos of his neighbors.De obicei mă trezesc la He works hard – He hardly works .26 as a general rule I usually wake up at ceva. you’re cold ! Peter : Well. he wants a camera ! I’m sure he wants a camera ! 7) Peter :Yes.Ca regulă generală . An Eric Clapton ‘s CD ! Mark :You’re freezing ! He hates Clapton.Ajung acasă la ora . Does he want a video game ? .Munceşte cu sârguinţă – abia dacă munceşte . my friends ! That means our old dear Dennis is CRAZY! Răspundeţi la următoarele întrebări : 1. Nelson. 2) So. he doesn’t want a video game ! What does he want ? Does he want a video cassette ? 6)Julie : No.Fac un duş Citiţi înţelegeţi şi traduceţi : 1) Mark : Thank you. Dennis wants….

Când verbul se termină în vocala “o” sau în consoanele şuierătoare (ch. The Simple Present Tense / Timpul prezent simplu Definiţie: Prezentul simplu desemnează acţiuni obişnuite. year etc a week a month’ always.27 3. Affirmative. La persoana a III-a singular masculin şi feminin. pronunţată [ s ] sau [ z ]. II. pronunţat [ z ] sau [ iz ]. la persoana a III-a singular. Exemple: My friend always helps me. a verbelor terminate în y: . The Simple Present Tense. mereu/ întotdeauna) a. sh. interogative şi negative. x) la persoana a III-a singular se adaugă grupul “es”. săptămânii lunii. Propoziţii afirmative. adesea. day. twice week . A Prezentul simplu. repetate regulat în anumite momente ale zilei. REGULI. He washes his uniform once a week. What does he really want ? 4./ Afirmativ:* Sb + Vb (la infinitivul scurt) (Affirmative) Exemple: I go to my office every day We watch TV every evening. What does Dennis think of his neighbors ? 5. Interrogative and Negative Forms. EXEMPLIFICARE. She plays tennis on Saturday. John does all the things well. usually often Forma (de obicei. Ortografierea. th. Exemple: She goes to school in the morning. anului etc. verbului i se adaugă terminaţia “s”. What is he like? UTILIZAREA PREZENTULUI SIMPLU ÎN PROPOZIŢII AFIRMATIVE. Se foloseşte cu every once.

“When”. Exemple: We try . FORMAREA PROPOZIŢIILOR INTEROGATIVE LA PREZENTUL SIMPLU.he / she plays. They cry . Exemplu: I play . după modelul dat. Exemple: Does she live in a big town ? Does he play football well ? Does John work for the Police ? În cazul întrebărilor ce conţin pronumele interrogative “What” . . păstrează “y” şi adaugă “s”.verbele terminate în “y” precedat de o vocală. schimbă “y” în “I” şi adaugă . “Where” .28 .p. ? (Interogative) Exemple: Do you live in a big town ? Do they go to the seaside every summer ? La persoana a III-a singular / masculin şi feminin. “How” acestea se aşează înaintea auxiliarului “do”. Exemple: How do you get along with your new colleagues? Traduceţi în engleză.verbele terminate în “y” precedat de o conosoană. auxiliarul “do” este înlocuit cu “does”.“es”. Interogativ : Do + Sb + Vb + a. următoarele propoziţii.he / she tries. a) Ce faceţi voi de obicei în weekend ? b) Unde merg ei vara ? c) La ce oră plecaţi la serviciu ? d) Cînd plecaţi în concediu ? e) Cum ajungeţi la locul vostru de muncă ? f) Unde locuieşte prietenul tău Sam? .he / she cries.

Forma contrasă : doesn’t. . We do not spend our holidays in the mountains.p. Jane doesn’t work for the Traffic Police Department. a) I buy a new car every year. Treceţi următoarele propoziţii la forma de negativ. PREZENTUL CONTINUU. La persoana a treia singular (masculin şi feminine “do” este înlocuit de “does” ce si în propoziţiile interrogative. la infinitivul scurt Ex: They do not work at the Criminal Investigations Department.29 FORMAREA PROPOZIŢIILOR NEGATIVE LA PREZENTUL SIMPLU. 7 DESCRIEREA UNUI EVENIMENT ÎN DESFĂŞURARE. c) We visit our relatives twice a month. TEMA NR. Forma contrasă : do not – don’t [doun’t] We don’t put on ties on trips. d) Watson and Jack investigate crimes. b) John watches TV every afternoon. Aceste propoziţii se formează prin intermediul negaţiei “not” pusă imediat după “do” / “does”: Sb + do + not+ Vb. Ex : He doesn’t go to work on Sundays.

chief.C. .: Yes. why are you driving so fast? B: You see.coming! How many agents are watching the building? P.. Now. D: Hey. PREZENTUL CONTINUU: FORMĂ. Ron’s carrying bags. FORMĂ / FORM Prezentul continuu este format din timpul prezent al verbului “be” şi forma de “ing” (participiu prezent) a verbului principal. Bill. Identificaţi structurile gramaticale care exprimă acţiuni ce se desfăşoară în momentul vorbirii.. they’re coming out of the building! S: Who’s coming out of the building? P. UTILIZARE ÎN PROPOZIŢII AFIRMATIVE.. INTEROGATIVE ŞI NEGATIVE.. A taxi is coming. S: Police car 281. they are ! They’re leaving! S: Don’t let them go! Arrest them now. Este un timp gramatical utilizat pentru exprimarea unei acţiuni care se desfăşoară în momentul vorbirii.: The two gangsters.: Four. Exemple: / Examples: John investighează o tâlhărie (în acest moment). I’m following that blue car. John and Peter are waiting for the bus. John is investigating a burglary (at this moment). Listen to the radio ! It’s the police.C.C. Rick is looking at a map. S: Wait a minute! Are they getting into the taxi? P. John şi Peter aşteaptă autobuzul.30 Traduceţi următorul text în limba română. (Acţiunea are durată şi nu este completă).. chief. Heavy ones.

Policeman: Could you describe the robbers? Mr. limitată în timp (cu un adverb care indică timpul prezent: today. He menaced me and the office workers of the bank.31 Prezentul continuu mai poate exprima o acţiune temporară. PREVENIREA CRIMINALITĂŢII. Did they say anything? Mr. but I’m living in Bucharest this month. Gordon.). this summer etc. I couldn’t see their faces.Anyway one of them was wearing a black stocking over his face. I usually walk but today I’m getting to work by bus.The other one had a white stocking over his . TEXT SPECIFIC CU UN ANUMIT EVENIMENT ÎNCADRAT ÎN TIMP ŞI SPAŢIU Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul text: Read and translate the following text: Yesterday. He had an Irish accent.The only witness in the bank was Mr. TEMA NR. Gordon: Only one of them did. Exemple:/ Examples: I live in Braşov. 8 ÎNCADRAREA UNUI EVENIMENT ÎN TIMP ŞI SPAŢIU. The Midland Bank in the centre of London was robbed by two masked gangsters. Gordon: face. Policeman: I see. this month. He spends his holidays in the mountains but he is spending his holidays at the seaside this summer. NUMERALUL.

NUMERALELE CARDINALE ŞI ORDINALE.32 Policeman: Mr. UTILIZAREA ACESTORA ÎN DIFERITE SITUAŢII Numeralele cardinale – exprimă un număr întreg abstract .Tâlhar . How long did they stay in the bank? About 8 or 10 minutes. . the tall one had a gun in his hand.The robbers left the bank at 6:28 (twenty- eight past six ) or at 6:30 (half past six). Then they got away.un număr de obiecte sau persoane. Gordon: Did they have any weapons? Yes.Martor . It was the 27 th of May. Gordon: Policeman: Mr.I guess someone was waiting for them behind the wheel. in a blue Landrover. Cuvinte şi expresii / Words and Phrases Witness Robber Robbery . no more. Gordon: on What time did that happened? I looked at my watch after the thieves had left the bank. Policeman: Mr.Tâlhărie Eyewitness .Martor ocular They got away in a blue Landrover – Au plecat într-un Landrover albastru I guess someone was waiting for them behind the wheel – Cred că cineva îi aştepta la volan. I can tell you that this robbery took place at 20 minutes past 6 Tuesday evening.

Lesson 4. autobuze. It is half past nine. 36.thirty – forty – fifty 60 70 80 90 100 . . 2. Chapter 10. case. În indicarea numărului unei străzi. etc. Exemple: Number nine Park Road . Bus No. Exemple: 792065 seven-nine-two-ou-six-five. înaintea zecilor. după sute sau mii. It is three o clock sharp.seventy . În exprimarea numerelor de telefon – care se citesc pronunţandu-se fiecare cifră.33 Citiţi şi reţineţi modul de scriere a următoarelor numerare cardinale : 10 20 30 40 50 . It is 20 past eleven. NOTA : În citire.sixty . se foloseşte conjuncţia “and” (“şi”). cu pronumele impersonal « it » Exemple: It is five o clock. 1.one hundred Situaţii de utilizare : În exprimarea timpului. Flat 42.ninety .ten – twenty .eighty .

al 43-lea:the 43 rd. Cu numeralele ordinale se exprimă şi repetarea unei acţiuni la intervale regulate: . 1009 .the 94 NOTĂ: Grupul de litere “ve” din five şi twelve devine “f” în numeralele ordinale corespunzătoare : Five – the fifth . Excepţie de la regula generală de formare a numeralelor ordinale fac primele trei: one – the first – the 1st .34 Exemple: 116 – one hundred and sixteen. two – the second – the 2 nd three – the third – the 3 rd Deci: al 21-lea:the 21 st. twelve – the twelfth Numeralul “eight” primeşte doar un “h”: Eight – eighth. sixty – the sixtieth. Se formează astfel: the + numeral cardinal + th Exemple: 7 seven – the seventh – the 7 10 ten -the tenth th th th th .exprimă locul pe care-l ocupă într-o însuşire sau serie diferite obiecte sau persoane . Numeralele ordinale . al 32-lea:the 32 nd.one thousand and nine. Vocala “y” de la sfarşitul zecilor devine “ie”: Twenty – the twentieth .the 10 16 sixteen-the sixteenth-the 16 94 ninety-four-the ninety-fourth .

March the eight.every second week. ele se citesc ca şi cum ar fi numerale ordinale.nineteen ninety-seven. de la stanga la dreapta. NOTĂ:La ani. Scrieţi şi citiţi / Write and read: 9 Aug. . 23 Sept. 1996 31 Iulie 1997. 1949.1962 2 Dec. Luna + numeral cardinal + anul Exemple: 8 Martie 1993 – March the 8 th 1993 3 Decembrie 1996 – December the 3 rd 1996 La citire însă . 30 Ian. 1997. 2 Ianuarie 1997 – The 2 nd of January 1997. December the third. Utilizarea numeralelor ordinale în exprimarea datei Există două modalităţi de exprimare a datei: 1.I was born in……on……… Ce dată este astăzi? – What date is it today? .o dată la două săptămani / din două în două săptămani . 1979. Cuvinte şi expresii suplimentare Cand şi unde sunteţi născut? When and where were you born? Sunt născut la ………pe…….fiecare a treia persoană –every third person . Numeral ordinal + of + luna + anul Exemple: 8 Martie 1993 – The 8 th of March 1993 . . 2. cifrele se citesc două cate două.35 .

După 2 zile / săptămani – After 2 days / weeks 2 days / weeks later Din 2 în 2 zile – Every other day PREVENIREA CRIMINALITĂŢII Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul text în limba engleză. The courts no give tougher punishments for crimes/offences committed than in the past (eg.Găsiţi sinonime pentru cuvintele subliniate. Police carry guns although some people still think this is not a good idea. CRIME PREVENTION. . bigger fines or longer sentences than in the past). Police are allowed to stop anyone suspect in the street and question the people involved. What can governments do in order to fight crime? These things do happen in many countries.m.36 La începutul lui (iulie) – At the beginning of (July) Către sfarşitul lui (aug) – Towards the end of ( August ) Azi dimineaţă – This morning Astă seară / în această seară – This evening / Tonight În cursul dimineţii – In the morning Noaptea – At night Pe înserat – At dusk În fiecare zi – Every day Chiar în ziua aceea – On the very day În noaptea de sambătă spre duminică – The night from Saturday to Sunday De la 3 la 5 după-amiaza – from 3 to 5 in the afternoon / from 3 to 5 p.

They 7have booked their tickets in advance and now they are in the waiting-room: . by electric chair or lethal injection for some serious crimes. -On conditions imposed by the law keep a gun in your home for self-defence. -Make sure your money is safe while going down the street.Wear a money belt. -Don t wear expensive jewellery in the street. CRIMA ORGANIZATĂ. -Leave lights on at home when you go out . -Never keep a large amount of money in the house . Our friends are going for their holidays. -Leave light on at home when you go out. TEMA NR. -Carry a mace spray. in some countries. TERMINOLOGIE ENGLEZEASCĂ. Put it in a bank or building society. -Fit a burglar alarm in your house. -Lock carefully all your doors and windows whwn you go out.37 There is capital punishment. Expresii tipice utilizate la garã Citiţi şi traduceţi urmãtorul text: Read and translate the following text: At the Railway Station Here we are at the railway station. TRECUTUL SIMPLU AL VERBELOR REGULATE. LA AEROPORT. 9 LA GARĂ. TEXT CU EXPRESII SPECIFICE UTILIZATE LA GARĂ. What can individuals do to prevent a crime from happening? Here are the things to do in order protect yourself and your property: -Don t walk along dark streets late at night alone.

Sală de aşteptare . În British railway stations there is a gate at the end of each platform.Tren rapid / accelerat Slow train .Tren personal Public Address System – Sistemul sonor de informare a publicului. left-luggage and the parcels office. fast or slow. STRUCTURI LEXICALE UTILIZATE PE UN AEROPORT. Along the platforms there are book-stalls where people can buy newspapers and magazines to read during the journey. good trains. They pass through onto the platform and the tichet-collector examines their tickets.38 Next door to the waiting-room there are other offices and rooms: station master’s office. inquiry office. There you must decide on the red or . All kind of trains are passing through the station: passenger trains. After a while.express.Mesagerie Station Master’s Office . The ticket collector stands at the gate and checks the travellers’tickets. (Adapted). TEXT SPECIFIC. Cuvinte şi expresii / Words and Phrases They have booked their tickets in advance – Şi-au rezervat bilete Waiting-room Inquiry Office Parcels Office Fast train . All the passengers on an airport must show their passports for Passport Control before going through Security Check. local and long distance trains.Biroul de informaţii . . Ticket-collector – Controlor de bilete Booking – Office – Casă de bilete Alcătuiţi propoziţii / fraze cu cuvintele şi expresiile de mai sus. the public address system announces that our friends’train is in.Biroul şefului de gară .

Red means you have something to declare and your luggage will be inspected.zbor To fly .39 green channel.hire firms. currency exchange facilities and the desks of two car . Cuvinte şi expresii / Words and Phrases Must show their passports – trebuie să prezinte paşapoartele Security Check – sectorul Control de Securitate (Antitero) Random checks – verificări prin sondaj Check-in Counter – sectorul unde bagajele sunt cântărite şi trimise la avion Boarding pass – permis de îmbarcare Arrival Concourse – hol mare unde se strâng pasagerii după sosire Once through customs – o dată trecut prin vamă Flight . Then.a zbura Alcătuiţi propoziţii / fraze cu cuvintele şi expresiile de mai sus. When the passengers hear the announcement for their flight. there is the Check-in Counter where your luggage is weighed and sent to the plane. The answer to any problem is to be found at the Information Desks. they proceed to the gate to board the plane.in Counter passengers receive a boarding pass which allows them to get on the plane. with bar. Once through customs you are in the Arrival Concourse. Green means nothing to declare and the customs men make only random checks. toilets. cafeteria. FORMAREA TRECUTULUI SIMPLU ÎN CONSTRUCŢII AFIRMATIVE. At the Check . INTEROGATIVE ŞI NEGATIVE. . VERBELE REGULATE.

m. f.nodded. Exemplu: want . too. s.crossed. Terminaţia “ed” se pronunţã: . nici o urmare asupra prezentului.arrived.played. We arrived at the hotel at 3 o’clock. k.[ d ] când verbele se terminã în vocalã sau consoanã sonorã. . prin perfectul compus.stopped walk . Exemple de utilizare comparativã la prezent si la trecut a unor verbe regulate. Exemplu: stop . .wanted nod .40 În construcţiile afirmative acesta se formeazã adãugând verbului terminaţiile “ed” sau « e ». to arrive The train from Sinaia arrives at 7 p. arrive . Trecutul simplu este timpul gramatical folosit pentru a exprima o acţiune desfăşurată şi încheiată în trecut. Exemplu: play .[ t ] dupã o consoanã surdã: p.[ id ] când verbele se terminã în -t sau -d. care nu are nici o legãturã cu prezentul. . I crossed this street yesterday. Trecutul simplu (The Past Tense Simple) se traduce în general. Este de asemenea timpul naraţiunii în limba englezã.walked cross . I cross this street once a day.

41

He usually knocks at the door in this way. Somebody knocked at my door last night.

TEXT ÎN LIMBA ENGLEZĂ CU STRUCTURI REFERITOARE LA DEFINIŢIA ŞI PARTICULARITĂŢILE CRIMEI ORGANIZATE Citiţi şi traduceţi : Taking into account the social economical changes triggered by transition, and the continuous growth of delinquency, a specialized organization in counteracting organized crime has been created in Romania. The main task of this organization is to deal with the new forms of crime which have appeared in our country. As this phenomenon has a great importance and a strong impact on social and economic life, the Police have focused all its attention and efforts for defeating, diminishing the negative effects and for fighting all its forms of action.

Cuvinte şi expresii / Words and Phrases taking into account - luând în considerare

changes triggered by transition - schimbări declanşate de tranziţie in counteracting organized crime – în contracararea crimei organizate the Police have focused attention - poliţia şi-a concentrat atenţia Alcătuiţi propoziţii / fraze cu cuvintele şi expresiile de mai sus.

TEMA NR. 10

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LA CUMPĂRĂTURI. MAGAZINE. STRUCTURI LEXICALE SPECIFICE. GENITIVUL ÎN LIMBA ENGLEZĂ. TRECUTUL SIMPLU AL VERBELOR NEREGULATE (I) PREZENTAREA DE TEXTE SPECIFICE ÎN LIMBA ENGLEZĂ CU DIVERSELE CATEGORII DE MAGAZINE ŞI MĂRFURILE CE SE POT ACHIZIŢIONA DIN FIECARE; 1./ At the Baker’s / La magazinul cu produse de panificaţie Characters: Shop assistant (S.a.); Madam Agness (M.Ag.). S.a.: S.a : S.a : S.a: S.a.: Good morning. Can I help you ? Here you are, Madam Anything else ? Sorry, no cracknels today. 50.000 lei. Good-bye. Come again. New Words - 2 loaves of bread – două pâini - rolls - chifle - cracknels - covrigi - gingerbread - turtă dulce

M.Ag.: Yes, please. I’d like 2 loaves of bread, some rolls and a rye bread. M.Ag.: Yes, I’d also like to buy 10 cracknels. M.Ag.: All right. How much is it? M.Ag.: Thank you, good-bye.

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2./ At the Grocer’s / At the Food Store/ La magazinul alimentar Characters: Shop assistant (S.a.); Mr. Smith (Mr.S.). S.a. : Good afternoon. What can I do for you ? Mr.S.: Well, I’d like to buy a kilo or rice, a kilo of sugar and some freshly roasted coffee-beans. S.a. : Here you are. Would you like anything else ? Mr.S.: Yes, please. A bottle of vegetable / edible oil, 10 eggs and a jar of strawberry jam. S.a. : Here you are. New Words - rice - orez - freshly roasted coffee-beans – cafea boabe proaspăt prăjită - cash-register – casă de marcaj - a jar of strawberry gem - căpşuni 3./ At the Greengrocer’s / La aprozar Characters: Shop assistant (S.a.); Mr.John (Mr.J.). Mr.J.: Excuse me, I’d like some tomatoes and a bunch of bananas. S.a. : Sorry, no more bananas today. Mr.J.: Then give me some tangerines instead. S.a. : Here you are 95.p. Mr.J.: 95.p. ? That’s a lot of money. S.a. : You’re right. Tangerines are very expensive this week. New Words

pork – carne de porc .a kilogram of mutton – 1 kg.A.mutton chops – cotlete din carne de berbec .: How about this piece ? Mr. Sir.a. : Yes.minced meat – carne tocată .44 .a.they don’t look fresh – nu par a fi prospete At the Butcher’s / La magazinul de carne Characters: Shop assistant (S.: I think it is too fat.a.: Good morning. Mr.tangerines .lean meat – carne slabă .it’s sold out – s-a epuizat (cantitativ) . S.A. de carne de berbec . Mr.a joint of beef about 2 pounds – o bucată de carne de circa 2 livre . please? S.: I’d like to buy a joint of beef about 2 pounds.: And have you got any minced meat ? S.A.a. New Words / Additional Words .carne de vită .A.).Antony (Mr. What can I do for you? Mr. Will you weigh it for me. Will there be anything else? Mr.a. S. : Of course. I think the loaf over there is just what I need. S.A.a. I’d like something lean.beef . : I’m afraid it’s sold out.mandarine . That chicken.).: I’d also like to buy one kilogram of mutton and a chicken.

/ cu substantive colective: Exemple: our nation’s security. Substantivul în cazul genitiv exprimă în general ideea de posesiune. în general atunci când posesorul este o persoană. Peter’s sister. Charles’house. rude etc./ denumiri geografice sau a unor instituţii: Exemple: România’s foreign policy. . b. ŞI GENITIVUL UNITĂŢILOR DE TIMP.)./ cu compuşii lui some. any. Dan’s uncle. The boy’s new shirt. Charles’s house. Există însă şi alte situaţii de utilizare a acestuia: a. genitivul sintetic se poate construi cu ‘s sau doar cu ‘-. Town’s monuments c. Genitivul sintetic (saxon) Forma de singular Posesor’s + obiectul posedat John’s car is red. se pronună [ iz ]. ANALITIC.45 PREZENTAREA FORMELOR DE GENITIV AL LIMBII ENGLEZE: GENITIVUL SINTETIC. După ‘s pot apare si persoane (membrii de familie. the school’s programme. every: Exemple: somebody’s advice. NOTA: Dacă posesorul este un nume terminat în “s”. [‘ t Sa : lz iz] Genitivul sintetic se utilizează. dar oricum se scrie. no.

în locul genitivului sintetic. Genitivul eliptic Este o formă în care lipseşte obiectul posedat.46 everyone’s wish – dorinţa fiecăruia nobody’s fault – vina nimănui Forma de plural Posesori’ + obiectul posedat / obiectele posedate The students’ notebooks. Se mai poate folosi cu nume proprii. . Genitivul analitic (prepoziţional) Se formează cu prepoziţia of după obiectul posedat: Se foloseşte în general cu substantive nume de obiecte. Exemple: The teacher of Peter. The windscreen of the car was broken. Execpţii: The children’s The men’s The women’s Exemplu: Women’s Clothing Department. acesta subînţelegându-se prin simpla enunţare a posesorului. The players’T . I am a great fan of Dinamo. The pictures of Daniel and Smith. Exemple: The door of the room.shirts.

Sb + Vb (la forma a II-a) – pentru toate persoanele Exemple de conjugare a unui verb neregulat la trecutul simplu: Infinitive To Speak I spoke You spoke He spoke She spoke Past Tense Spoke We spoke You spoke They spoke Past Participle Spoken ./ pentru prăvălii. She is at the tailor’s (workshop).47 Se utilizează în două cazuri: a. TRECUTUL SIMPLU AL VERBELOR NEREGULATE (I). Pentru orice persoană. a year’s work. Exemple: I’ll go to the grocer’s (shop). b. restaurante. singular sau plural. FOLOSIREA FORMELOR DE TRECUT ÎN CONSTRUCŢII AFIRMATIVE ŞI INTEROGATIVE. Propoziţiile afirmative la trecutul simplu (The Past Tense Simple) se formează folosindu-se forma a doua a verbului. yesterday’s news./ pentru locuinţa cuiva Exemple: I’m going to my mother’s (house). 2 weeks’ work. cluburi. Genitivul unităţilor de timp Exemple: today’s newspaper. în propoziţiile afirmative verbul va avea aceeaşi formă. firme. I usually have dinner at Sall’s (restaurant).

Lista cu cele mai utilizate verbe neregulate Infinitiv Infinitive to know to lay to learn to lend to leave to lose to make to mean to meet to mistake to pay to put to read to rend to ride to ring to rise Trecut Past Tense knew laid learnt lent left lost made meant met mistook paid put read rent rode rang rose laid learnt lent left lost made meant met mistaken paid put read rent ridden rung risen Participiul trecut Past Participle known Traducere a şti / a cunoaşte a aşeza / a întinde/a pune a învăţa / a auzi a da cu împrumut a pleca / a părăsi a pierde a face/ a fabrica a însemna / a vrea să spună. a destina a(se)întâlni / a acoperi / a cunoaşte (smb.48 To Go Went Gone I went to the country last Saturday. a achita a pune / a aşeza a citi a smulge / a sfâşia a călări / a merge pe a suna (la telefon. la sonerie) / a răsuna a răsări / a se scula . They went to the seaside last summer.) a greşi / a înţelege greşit a plăti. too.

11 INTEROGAREA UNUI CETATEAN STRAIN IMPLICAT ÎNTR-O FAPTA ANTISOCIALA COMISA PE TERITORIUL ROMÂNIEI. . TRECUTUL SIMPLU CU VERBELE NEREGULATE (II) STRÂNGEREA UNOR INFORMATII REFERITOARE LA PERSOANE IMPLICATE IN SAVARSIREA UNOR FAPTE ANTISOCIALE. a ţâşni a câştiga Utilizarea verbelor neregulate la trecutul simplu în propoziţii interogative Propoziţiile interogative se alcătuiesc după formula: Did + Sb + Vb (la infinitiv) .49 to run to say to see to send to set to shake to show to shoot to win ran said saw sent set shook showed shot won run said seen sent set shaken shown shot won a alerga / a conduce (o firmă) / a candida a spune / a zice a vedea / a înţelege a trimite a pune / a fixa / a regla a(se)zgudui. a (se) cutremura a (se) arăta a împuşca.pentru toate persoanele. Exemple: Did they leave the town yesterday evening? Where did you lose your papers ? What did they say when you told them the truth? TEMA NR.

DIALOG IN LIMBA ENGLEZA REFERITOR LA IMPLICAREA UNUI CETATEAN STRAIN INTR-O FAPTA CONTRAVENTIONALA. divorced. Identity documents / series. Surname and forename of the person involved. Marital status (married. translate. Date and place of birth (village. Mention if the civil status of the person involved is rightly established Nationality. bachelor / spinster. number Detailed personal / descriptions Enclose the fingerprints and different photos if it’s possible. learn and use the following expressions referring to personal data of a man who committed a crime on Romania’s territory. being on the line of duty on the A. other residences. Qualifications Jobs practiced up to the present moment. number Passport / series. Read and translate the following text: The street patrol made up of police agent Popa Ion. . town / city. Other documents: passport (personal joint).I. other papers for stateless people. working as a law enforcement officer for the Slatina Police Department. was informed that at “Bulevard” restaurant there is a foreign citizen under the influence of alcohol who is disturbing the public order. widower) Place of residence.50 Read. country) Mother’s family name (maiden) name and forename.Cuza boulevard in Slatina. county. and two soldiers from the gendarmerie troops.

Slatina town Department. The staff of the restaurant must have misunderstood my intentions. and looks at it attentively “What is your surname?” “My surname is Jack” “Now tell me your forename” “My forename is Daniel” “Date and place of birth?” “July. Leeds.C. from a pocket. I’ve broken a glass but the I kindly apologized. The foreign citizen: Good afternoon. However … I think I have repaired my mistake. The Police agent takes the I. sir.C. I’m sergeant Popa Ion.: “Mary and Smith” Police agent: What is your place of residence? F. I work for the police. but I insist on your showing your I.D. non-commissioned officer… But I haven’t done anything. F. the 15 . I want you to show me your I.: My place of residence is: No 2 Chestnut tree Street.: I do consider that the pitch of my voice is insignificant and it couldn’t trigger either the presence or the investigation of this event by the Police.: He takes his I. Police agent: Good afternoon. he refused firmly.51 Being asked by the staff of the restaurant to cease the activity in that way. England. Here it is. Would you be so kind to accept my apologies? Police agent: I have understood how the action happened.” Police agent: What are you parents’ Christian names? F.D. The place of birth is Folkestone. have you got a stable place of work?” th . 1948.C. Police agent: “ Do you work? I mean.C. By mistake. So the patrols goes to the restaurant where the foreign sits at one of the tables. Police agent: Then why did you shout at the people who tried to get you out of the restaurant? F.D. if you don’t mind.D.

I’ll pay for the broken glass and I will leave the restaurant as so as I have paid. PREZENTAREA VERBELOR NEREGULATE (II) . I only…” Police agent: “Mr. Police agent: “What is his name?” F.” F. I’ll punish you according to the low. That means you will pay a fire and if you don’t pay.C. He’s married and he has two daughters. But don’t make a habit out of breaking glasses and shouting at people in restaurant. Up a written finding report. TRECUTUL SIMPLU CU VERBELE NEREGULATE . Daniel you’ve just committed on offence and if you won’t behave.: “You know. you’ll have to pay for the broken glass and leave the restaurant. well.” Five minutes later.: “Officer.: “His name is Popescu Marian and he lives at no 17 Autumn Street.: “I’ve got it.C.C. It’s a Romanian business man and we first had met in London 7 months ago”. Yesterday. You may wait for your friend outside. His wife is a teacher but I don’t remember at what school she teaches at. I won’t do again.: Don’t worry officer. I ran into an old acquaintance of mine. in this case I will be forced to dr ….: “I came to Romania on business purposes. outside the restaurant.” F. I work as a salesman for a big company in my town” Police agent: And what brings you to Romania? / What did you come to Romania for?” F. As a mother of fact I had been waiting for him before the incident took place.” Police agent: “It’s OK. thank you for being such an understanding man.C. Now.C.: “Yes. . UTILIZARE ÎN PROPOZIŢII NEGATIVE.C. walking down the street.” F.52 F. of course.” Police agent: “I see.C. I owe you a great debt of gratitude. F.

a agăţa a alege a despica. a frige a izbucni. a săvârşi a bea. a frământa to bring to burn burst to buy to catch to choose to cleave to deal to do to drink drive brought burnt burst bought caught chose cleft dealt did drank drove brought burnt burst bought caught chosen cleft dealt done drunk driven a aduce. a sufla a rupe. a desface a se ocupa de (+ with) a face. a exploda a cumpăra a prinde. a determina a arde. a toasta(+to) a conduce .53 Tabel cu verbe neregulate frecvent utilizate Infinitive to begin to bend to blend to blow to break Past Tense began bent blent blew broke Past Participle begun bent blent blown broken Traduceri a începe a (se)îndoi a (se) îmbina a bate. a sparge.

a înţelege Utilizarea verbelor neregulate la trecutul simplu în propoziţii negative Se utilizează formula: to . a deţine a îngheţa a da a creşte. a cultiva a lovi. a primi a ajunge. a jura strâmb a purta(haine) a îmbrăca a obţine. a nimeri a răni a uita a nega. a se prăbuşi a alimenta. a hrăni a (se) ascunde a ţine.54 (vehicule) to eat to fall to feed to hide to hold to keep to freeze to give to grow to hit hurt to forget to forswear to wear to get ate fell fed hid held kept froze gave grew hit hurt forgot forswore wore got hit hurt forgotten forsworn worn got eaten fallen fed hidden held kept frozen given grown a mânca a cădea. a menţine a păstra.

FRAZA DE SUBORDONARE CONDIŢIONALĂ . This usually does the trick.pentru toate persoanele Exemple: Conjugarea verbului to write: singular I did not write You did not write He did not write She did not write Formă scurtă did not .took . I turn the ignition key twice to the right. If the engine doesn’t start. TEXT CU VOCABULAR SPECIFIC “DRIVING A CAR” Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul text: Read and translate the following text: When I want to start. I push down the clutch. Then. press the accelerator and off I go.didn’t He didn’t leave the hotel yesterday. 12 CONDUCÂND AUTOTURISMUL.taken TEMA NR. Take care to release the handbrake before leaving ! plural We did not write You did not write They did not write . after a bit into the third and if traffic allows into the fourth and into the fifth. I ease out the choke a little and try again. Straight into the second.55 Sb + did not + Vb.(la infinitive scurt) . To take . select the first gear.

trag şocul I push down the clutch – calc/apăs ambreiajul I select the first gear – intru în viteza întâi Release the handbrake – eliberaţi frâna de mână Don’t overtake unwisely – nu depăşiţi imprudent Pedestrian crossings – treceri de pietoni Reţineţi termenii de vocabular de mai sus şi formaţi propoziţii cu ei. indicating correctly where I’m going. I respect traffic rules./ Outside the car The Bonnet .capota The Radiator Grill –masca radiatorului The Bumper – bara de protecţie The Number Plate – plăcuţa cu numărul de înmatriculare The Wind Screen . I’m not usually tempted to overtake unwisely.56 I have to move the steering wheel to change direction.parbrizul . THE PARTS OF A CAR A. PREZENTAREA ÎN LIMBA ENGLEZĂ A PRINCIPALELOR PĂRŢI ALE UNUI AUTOVEHICUL. Vocabular specific / Specific Vocabulary I Turn the ignition key twice to the right – răsucesc cheia de contact de două ori spre dreapta I ease out the choke . traffic policemen and pedestrian crossings. Before doing that I press the footbrake gently or rapidly (as the case may be) to stop or slow down. to exceed the speed limit or to drive under the influence of alcohol.

./ I shall/will go on trip if the weather is fine. Traducerea în engleză: a.roţile The Tyres . spuneţi ce veţi face dacă veţi avea timp. Explicaţie: Main Clause (Prop. say what you will do if you have enough time. b. b./ Noi vom cumpăra cartea dacă o vom găsi în librărie.subord.57 The Traffic Indicator Lights ./ I b. a. EXEMPLE ŞI EXPLICAREA REGULII GRAMATICALE. if if If-Clause (Prop. Using the previous model. Translate into English / Traduceţi în engleză: a./ We shall / will buy the book if we find it at the bookshop./ Voi merge în excursie dacă vremea va fi bună./ I .work in the garden.cauciucuri The Exhaust Pipe – ţeavă de eşapament FRAZA DE SUBORDONARE CONDIŢIONALĂ DE TIPUL I.principală) I shall/will repair my car if Y will follow FUTURE TENSE Exerciţiul 1: Folosind modelul anterior.condiţională) I have time enough X happens PRESENT TENSE .go to the country.semnalizatoarele The Wheels .

58 Model de rezolvare: a./ I shall / will go to the country if I have enough time.1. Rezolvare: a. Traduceţi în engleză următoarele fraze: Translate the following sentences into English: a./ Noi am sta în cabană dacă ar bate un vânt puternic./ Dacă nu s-ar trezi târziu. Exerciţiul 2: Scrieţi verbele din paranteză la forma corectă: Write the correct form of the verbs in brackets: a. Smith (not catch) the plane if he (not arrive) at the airport at 8 o’clock. c. c./ They would go on trip if the weather were fine. he (sail) 200 miles a day./ If the wind (be) good./ I should / I would go fishing if I had any spare time. b./ They (phone) you if you (stay) at home. he / would not / wouldn’t miss the train every two days. d. d./ Mr./ Ei ar merge în excursie dacă vremea ar fi bună. b. c. nu ar pierde trenul la fiecare două zile./ If he didn’t get up late./ We should / would stay in the chalet if a strong wind blew. Explicarea modului de formare a frazei condiţionale ./ Aş merge la pescuit dacă aş avea timp liber./ I shall / will work in the garden if I have enough time. b. FRAZA DE SUBORDONARE CONDIŢIONALĂ DE TIPUL II Ex. b.

. Ex. Tendinţa este mai pregnantă în engleza americană. he/ she had a driving licence PAST TENSE SIMPLE WERE . în limba engleză. În propoziţia subordonată.“The Simple Past Tense”. în limba română. condiţionalul prezent din principală.“-“-“- În vorbirea curentă însă.CLAUSE ar avea permis de conducere. „trece” şi în limba engleză. Ex. impune folosirea trecutului simplu . NOTĂ: În subordonata condiţională de tipul al II-lea. regula poate fi redată astfel: MAIN CLAUSE Ar conduce maşina dacă He/ she would drive the car PRESENT CONDITIONAL (WOULD + VERB) Y would follow IF if IF IF .: If I was there. Schematic.59 de tipul al doilea * La traducerea din limba română în engleză: Condiţionalul prezent din propoziţia principală.for the verb “be X happened ** La traducerea din limba engleză în limba română. există tendinţa de a-l înlocui pe “were” cu “was” la persoana I şi a III-a singular. I wish he she they we were there . atât propoziţia principală. she would work in a school. verbul “be” are o formă unică pentru toate persoanele: were în limbajul oficial. cât şi subordonata condiţională de tipul al II-lea se traduc cu condiţional prezent. I would talk to her If she was a teacher.

J. TEXTE SPECIFICE IN LIMBA ENGLEZA CONTINAND STRUCTURI LEXICALE FOLOSITE INTR-O CONVORBIRE TELEFONICA Cititi si traduceti urmatoarele dialoguri ce contin expresii tipice utilizate in convorbirile telefonice: 1. Mr. Mr. this is what I would like to talk about. 13 VORBIND LA TELEFON. S. then. J. : May/Can I speak to Mr. : Is it about the business with the steel from Sweden? : Yes. Do you agree with my proposal? : Yes. Smith lifts the receiver and dials 420809 Mr. J. Mr. Nelson? There is no Nelson here.60 TEMA NR. S. : Mayfair. TRECUTUL CONTINUU. please? : Hello. J. : Well. Mr. 2. Johnson Mr. please? : Speaking : Good morning. See you tomorrow. Nelson. Mr. S. . you see. J. S. Voice Secretary : Hello. Mr. Mr. John Derek is speaking. Mr. Mr. we could meet and discuss at 9 am tomorrow. of course. : Good-bye. Johnson. Good-bye. Can I speak to Mr. I’ve rung you up to ask if we could meet tomorrow or the day after tomorrow. S. four-two-ah-eight-at nine. Mr. This is Peter Smith speaking. I’m afraid you’ve got the wrong number.

If you want to make a local phone call.To dial a number – a forma un număr - To speak on the phone – a vorbi la telefon Mr. please! – răspunde la telefon. John is speaking – dl John la telefon To ring somebody up – a sun ape cineva To make a long distance phone call – a avea o convorbire internaţională I’ll put you through – vă voi da legătura The line is free / clear – linia este liberă The number is engaged – numărul este ocupat Your phone is out of order – telefonul dvs. or. te rog Hold the line! – rămâneţi pe fir Don’t hang up – nu închideţi Extension . I’m so sorry. Vocabular specific . you first go into the telephone box and lift the receiver. that indicates that nothing is wrong on the order.61 Voice Secretary 3. you may dial the number yourself. After you hear the dialing tone. town. you may dial the number you want. : That’s all right If you want to have a phone conversation with a friend of yours who lives in You either ask the operator to connect you. if your friend lives in a bigger another town. : Oh. este defect You’ve got the wrong number – aţi format un număr greşit Telephone directory – carte de telefon Pick up the phone.(număr) interior . First you must dial the town’s code number where you are calling and then the subscriber’s number. you’ve got to make a long distance (phone call).

.../ I . a newspaper at 12. TV at 8 o’clock yesterday evening. C./ Mr./ We (translate) a text when the bell rang.John(live) in the country when he met Mary. b. b) I was watching TV… A. B. În aceste exemple trecutul continuu a fost utilizat în contrast cu trecutul simplu pentru a evidenţia o acţiune cu o durată mai mare de desfăşurare în timp.62 TRECUTUL CONTINUU... b. Exemplu: Tom burnt his hand when he was cooking dinner./ Grandfather . faţă de o acţiune de durată scurtă (momentană). ∗∗ Completaţi cu verbe la trecutul continuu a. We were translating a text when the bell rang. ∗ Completaţi spaţiile libere cu verbe la trecutul continuu: Fill in the blanks with verbs in the Past Continuous Tense: a. a) Grandfather was reading a newspaper…. ...30 yesterday. SITUAŢII TIPICE DE UTILIZARE. Rezolvare şi explicaţii. Trecutul continuu a fost utilizat în exemplele de mai sus pentru a desemna o acţiune în curs de desfăşurare într-un moment din trecut (precizat). pentru care verbul se pune la trecutul simplu. Trecutul continuu se utilizează împreună cu trecutul simplu pentru a arăta că ceva s-a întâmplat în cursul desfăşurări unei alte acţiuni.

The most widely used drugs round the world are: 1.63 TEMA NR. there are soft drugs and hard drugs. TRAFICUL ILICIT DE DROGURI. From a pharmaceutical point of view. Read and translate the following texts: A massive growth of drug consumption and illicit trade have been noticed within the last 10 years. They damage people’s health. If they are taken in for a longer period of time. create addiction. they will surely create addiction: that means the person who has become a “real user”. Hard drugs are very dangerous. Their effect mainly consists in a physical inertia of these nervous centres. used mainly in preparing some medicines or intoxicants. Cannabis It is maybe the most abused drug within Europe’s borders’ limits. has become dependent and will permanently feel the “need” of taking / having the “usual” amount or amounts bigger and bigger. . There has always been made a connection between the consumption of hard drugs and crime. animal or mineral substance. not only in Romania but all over the world. lead to death. TEXTE CU TERMINOLOGIE SPECIFICĂ LEGATĂ DE DROGURI ŞI STUPEFIANTE. 14 DROGURI ŞI STUPEFIANTE. a drug represents a vegetal. There are two categories of cannabis: marijuana and hashish. As power of action upon man. Drug addiction tends to become a social problem in some countries and “drug problem” has become a worldwide phenomenon. Intoxicants – are substances that may be used for the inhibition of man’s nervous centres.

The main cultivation zones are the Golden Crescent and the Golden Triangle in South East Asia. The drug may be injected intravenously or may be breathed in. or even powder. It appears as a brown paste. Heroine travels to Europe via Turkey and from there through the Balkans to Romania. or in the Far East. For a person who is not a drug addict.k.64 Marijuana. Austria and Germany. Iraq. “grass” is a blend made up of the stem and flower of hashed hemp. Most of the users smoke it. Italy. bitter taste. The users smoke it. so it can be easily recognized. It is light or dark brown. The main sources for herbal cannabis are Jamaica and Southern Africa. the lethal dose of heroin is 0. Cocaine . Some of them prefer opium “improved” with morphine. having a sour.a. Hashish is a solid paste round or oval-shaped. 2. Hashish may be chewed or sometimes smoked. It has a strong smell of vinegar. It appears as a brown. Opium may be found as balls. Heroine It is the main artificial derivative of morphine and represents one of the most dangerous drugs because it creates a strong physical addiction. Spain and The Netherlands are important secondary distribution centres to all the parts of Europe. Belgium.10 grams. 4. a. 3. The main source for resin cannabis (row hashish) is Pakistan. The main source for European countries remains the Golden Crescent in South West Asia. being incorporated in common cigarettes or in pipe tobacco. which gives a very toxic residue. grey or white powder. Opium It is especially produced in Iran. granules. according to its quality.

Europe has been targeted as “market” by the Columbian cartels within the last 10 years. Sometimes the Police were successful.65 Appears as a white brilliant powder with a bitter taste. .stupefiante .dependenţă .cocaine poate fi prizată to snort (sl. Outstanding producers are: Columbia. It brings about a local anaesthesia under the tongue.a priza (argou) a spatula of ivory . The “connoisseurs” snort it using a spatula of bone or ivory.o spatulă de fildeş from a single seizure / to seize – la o singură captură/a captura drug trafficker . Big quantities of cocaine have been sent to Europe’s largest parts.a produce ( o senzaţie) cocaine may be breathed in . the biggest one. STRUCTURI LINGVISTICE SPECIFICE LEGATE DE TRAFICUL ILICIT DE DROGURI.analgezice to bring about (a feeling) . Vocabulary. Cocaine is not as toxic as heroin is and is less addictive than any other hard drugs. then Peru. Bolivia and Ecuador. The main cultivation zones are in South America.) .dependent . - addict drug addiction intoxicants pain-killers . like “crack”. Cocaine may be breathed in or be injected intravenously. A few years ago officers from “Narcotics” discovered and captured one tonne from a single seizure in the United Kingdom.traficant de droguri TERMINOLOGIE.

armed robberies and auto theft have become a major social problem in New York and Police assert that one of the reasons that that triggered all these serious offences is drug addiction. . 15 PREZENTAREA UNOR TERMENI POLIŢIENEŞTI ŞI JURIDICI. A deck is a cellophane packet with a drug in it.66 Read and translate the following text. TEXT ÎN LIMBA ENGLEZĂ CU TERMENI POLIŢIENEŞTI ŞI JURIDICI Citiţi şi traduceţi următoarele texte. After a twenty-year study on drug trafficking and drug addiction. purse snatchings. Reţineţi elementele de limbaj poliţienesc şi juridic întâlnite. The question is: “How is a teenager who is given 50 cents a day. do you find drug addiction a serious social problem? Argue. According to the content of this text. Use an English – Romanian dictionary. Formaţi propoziţii cu aceste elemente. TEMA NR. VERBELE MODALE ”CAN” ŞI ”MAY”. going to find at least 25 dollars every day?” In this way each teenager who takes in drugs / breaks in might become a dangerous offender Teen-age muggings. sufficient for a single intravenous “shot”. But the “average” for an addict is 25 – 35 dollars a day. the specialists reached the “bitter” conclusion that 80-90 per cent of the drug addicts hospitalized for specific medical treatment have finally returned to their “habit”. Heroine costs between three to twenty-five dollars a deck. A twenty-year old girl said: “It costs me over 70 dollars a day to support this habit when I’m on crisis”. housebreakings. Pay attention to the underlined words and phrases.

When all the evidence has been seen and heard. arsonists.grevious bodily harm or.şantajişti Robbers . the jury will retire and decide whether the defendant is innocent or guilty. burglars. Alcătuiţi propoziţii cu ei.B. In the case of a violent crime. the defendant may be found guilty of second degree murder or manslaughter.67 1. Defence attorney – avocatul apărării Cross-examination – interogatoriu încrucişat First-degree murder – omor de gradul I (calificat) Manslaughter – omor din culpă G. and blackmailers. more simply./ grevious bodily harm – vătămare corporală gravă Arsonists – incendiatori / piromani Smugglers . The defence attorney is cross-examining a witness. Vocabular Folosind dicţionarul traduceţi şi reţineţi următorii termeni cu specific poliţienesc şi juridic.tâlhari Pick-pockets – hoţi de buzunare (şuţi) Shoplifters – spărgători de magazine list of violent criminals includes: kidnappers.contrabandişti Blackmailers . smugglers. the defendant may be guilty of GBH .jefuitori Armed robbers – jefuitori înarmaţi Burglars . forgers. If the victim was beaten up rather than killed. armed robbers. If the victim’s death was accidental. The trespassers. they may find him guilty of first degree murder or willful murder.H. shoplifters . pick-pockets. assault.

/ pretends or claims to be what he is not. 1. a mugger. a deserter. c. Potriviţi delicventul din coloana de sus cu definiţiile corespunzătoare (lit. a forger. a smuggler. 11. 8. 6. infracţiune Murder . . an embezzler. 4./ makes money by dishonest business methods. a fraud or con man. an arsonist. 9. 2. 10.acuzarea Guilty – vinovat (ă) Crime – crimă. b. an assassin.g. a –k). a racketeer. 7. 3./ tries to enforce his political demands by carrying out or threatening acts of violence. a hooligan. 12. 5. a.omor Minor offence .68 Trespassers – violatori de proprietate Prosecution .e. a poacher. by selling worthless things. a terrorist.contravenţie EXERCIŢII DE VOCABULAR Ex.1.

Exemple: I can shoot very well.pr./ sets fire to property. f. f.69 d. He can speak English We can find out the truth./ a soldier who leaves the army without permission. Explicatie La timpul prezent / Simple Present verbul modal “CAN” este intotdeauna urmat de celalalt verb la infinitivul scurt (fara “to”) si are aceeasi forma de utilizare pentru toate persoanele. Structurile interogative de formeaza facand o inversiune intre subiect si verbul modal “CAN”. + Vb. VERBUL MODAL “CAN” Acest verb exprima capacitatea fizica sau o capacitate / abilitate intelectuala./ brings goods into one country from another illegally./ steals from his own company. e. g./ hunts illegally on smb./ attacks and robs people especially in public places. I.else’s land. k. Don’t worry! She can solve this case./ kills for political reasons or reward./ makes false money or documents. CAN + SB. (fara “to”) Exemple: Can inspector John catch the thief? Can you understand this puzzle? . k.

in registrul familiar al limbii. Exemplu: Can I use your phone. Exemple: . Exemple: I could ride a bike when I was 8. Pete? VERBUL MODAL “MAY” – SENSURI. in conditii normale. mai poate exprima solicitarea permisiunii. manifestate in trecut in conditii dificile sau chiar ostile.70 Can you solve this case? Can they help us with this case? În folosirea verbului modal CAN la Trecutul Simplu / Simple Past se pot folosi doua forme: “could” sau “was / were able to…”. solicitare sau neacordare a permisiunii. – se folosesc pentru exprimarea unor abilitati fizice sau intelectuale. – cold exprima capacitatea / abilitatea de a face un lucru in trecut. in structurile interogative. I was able to climb the peak although the weather was bitterly cold. Alte utilizari: “CAN”. John? Can I have a glass of water. John? – Pot/ am voie să folosesc telefonul tău. substituindu-l pe “MAY”. UTILIZARE IN DIVERSE CONTEXTE Cea mai des intalnita utilizare a acestui verb modal este aceea de acordare. La prezent / Simple Present verbul “MAY” are aceleasi reguli si structuri de utilizare ca si “CAN”. Was / were able to + Vb. dupa caz.

. Completaţi spaţiile libere cu CAN...... It’s a private parking. Ex. La trecut / Simple Past si la viitor / Future Tense Simple verbul “MAY” este utilizat numai prin formele sale de inlocuire: was / were allowed / permitted to will be allowed / permitted to Exemple: The reporters were allowed / permitted to visit the military camp last Monday... COULD sau BE ABLE TO la forma corectă: Fill in the blanks with CAN. b..... chief. the place is too narrow.. for a minute? You may not park your car here.. and now he. sir! Atentie: You can’t park here. .. take him out in a sailing boat quite safely. I ../ Mr.... c.learn things much earlier now that when we were children. – Neacordarea permisiunii.. The accused were allowed / permitted to see their families for an hour last week. Green: I .71 You may leave the town tomorrow. COULD or BE ABLE TO in the correct form: a../ Soon. he . Children . d./ Mrs.Brown: Yes.. do now. swim across the swimming pool.swim a quarter of a mile and then we.. he... May I talk to you. swim from one end to another/to the other. Green: When John was 6./ Mr.swim until I was 15...1.. – Tu poţi (ai voie) să părăseşti oraşul mâine. – Imposibilitate You may not park here.. which we .quite understand that.

h.. and it’s always warm.Green: Yes./ Sunt sigur că noi vom putea prinde hoţii şi afla adevărul.... ..dive a little..learn even earlier.. d../ S-a dus la culcare la ora 8.. but now.....John. he . f. DIALOG CONŢINÂND TERMENI SPECIFICI MUNCII DE POLIŢIE RUTIERĂ.go into the water at any time of the day.72 e./ Puteţi să mă ajutaţi să car aceste bagaje ? c. EXPRESII ŞI STRUCTURI LINGVISTICE SOLUŢIONAREA INCIDENTELOR RUTIERE. And their children.. 16 FORMULE DE ADRESARE ŞI SALUT SPECIFICE ACTIVITĂŢII AGENTULUI DE POLIŢIE RUTIERĂ. 2.always ../ Mrs. they would soon learn that too.. they certainly . walk./ Mr.. Ex. he .Green: Children in the South Sea Islands.have diving lesson yet ? I. They live just beside the sea./ Mr...... g... posibil că era foarte obosit... I suppose.30 aseară. do it quite well..he.. FORMULE DE ADRESARE SPECIFICE ACTIVITĂŢII UTILIZATE ÎN AGENTULUI DE POLIŢIE RUTIERĂ. babies in fact. Traduceţi în engleză: Translate into English: a../ Pot să împrumut această carte ? Da. TEMA NR..enter for swimming races ? Mr... poţi ! e.Brown: And. b./ Ea nu poate vorbi englezeşte.Brown: Yes.../ Mrs.swim before they ./ Mrs.. If our babies . Green: When he is 11. Brown: When.

Josie? Josie: No. Josie: OK.. It's turning left between the hotel and the park. you two. they didn’t concede priority. It's turning right. Josie: OK. Sam: It's going into the park! Kate: No. Kate: I can see it. They got into the junction on the read light they. it's turning.. Kate: Quick. Răspundeţi la următoarele întrebări : a) What did the two officers follow ? b) Where did the action take place ? c) What traffic rules did the truck driver intrude ? . Rick something . exceeded the speed limit. Jump in. Sam: No.73 Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul text : Josie: Let’get the car. It's turned left and it's going past the Heaven Hotel. it's going straight ahead along Park Street. Ah yes. It's dangerous. look! It's turning right. It's going towards the sea. They're red. Josie! Follow that truck! Josie: Which way did it go? Sam: It turned left at the traffic lights. it isn't. Sam: Can't you go any faster. Let’s get going and catch them. Sam: Oh no! We'll lose them. They are already a public danger. I see. I think. I can't. Can you see it anywhere? Kate: Yes. Josie: Did you see the writing on the side of the truck? What did it say? Kate: It was a number or a name. Kate: Oh no! The traffic lights are changing. Josie: Yes. Sam: Look! The lights are turning green.

Dan replied. . a lorry was coming winding across the road. Saying these. The car driven by Dan. EXPRESII REFERITOARE LA CONTROLUL RUTIER ŞI CONTRAVENŢII SAU INFRACŢIUNI RUTIERE. Folosiţi dicţionarul englez – român. Slower is safer. – Opriţi motorul. Not only once have I seen overturned cars on roads or in ditches”. across the edge of the road. fellow".town. "You could give it a little more gas" he said.74 Relatarea unui eveniment rutier .Ascultaţi-mă! No parking ! – Parcare interzisă! No turn left / right ! – Interzis viraj stânga / derapta! Don’t hoot your horn! – Caxonatul interzis! Move along ! – Circulaţi! Slow down ! – Reduceţi viteza! Switch off the engine please. so that he could stop it on the road in a somehow aslant position. There were about 60 . Citiţi şi traduceţi următorul text. Citiţi şi reţineţi următoarele expresii : - Listen to me ! . a young but experimented driver was heading toward his home . Memoraţi elementele lexicale englezeşti specifice temei. A colleague was accompanying him. The lorry had cut crossed his way.70 meters left when suddenly. The lorry was now less than 10 meters. when Dan pressed the brakes and at the some time turned his car to the left. Racing is not my style. Dan approached the point where the road turned left. vă rog. Terminologie specifică. Luckily no car was coming from the other direction. from the opposite way. When it's dark and the road is wet. skidded and finally smashed against a tree. Dan managed to control his car. I always drive at moderate speed. "Cool down.

– Ieşiţi din maşină. – Aţi băut ? Trebuie să vă testez alcoolemia. please. – Luaţi maşina sau vă va fi remorcată. You may go. Please. your car insurance certificate and the car registration document. - - - - - - - . – Aţi depăşit limita de viteză. – Îmi pare rău dar nu vă puteţi deplasa în direcţia aceea. . Take a deep breath and blow until I tell you to stop. – Inspiraţi adânc şi suflaţi până când vă spun eu să încetaţi. – N-aţi acordat prioritate. poliţa de asigurare şi certificatul de înmatriculare. You didn’t signal the direction of going. It is forbidden to park here. să-mi prezentaţi permisul de conducere. may I see your driving licence. – Vă rog. but you can’t go that way. You exceeded the speed limit. There result of the test is negative.Parcarea interzisă. – N-aţi semnalizat direcţia de deplasare. You haven’t conceded priority. – Prezentaţi-mi actele maşinii.75 - Please show me the car documents. vă rog.Rzultatul testului este negative. Sorry. Would you move your vehicle from here ? . Get out of the car.Vreţi să vă mutaţi vehiculul de aici? Remove your car or it will be towed away . Have you been drinking? You must be breathalysed. Puteţi pleca. .

Gruia George . Bucureşti. 1995. Comişel Ecaterina 3. Bucureşti.76 BIBLIOGRAFIE 1.2000 4.Exerciţii de gramatică engleză. Editura TEORA. Gălăţeanu . Fârnoagă G. 2. Editura OMEGAPRESS. Leviţchi Leon . Grupus. Buc. 1992.Gramatica limbii engleze.English Grammar and Lexical Exercises. 1994. Bucureşti.. Edit. Gălăţeanu Fârnoagă G. .Gramatica limbii engleze. . Editura OMEGAPRESS.

Bucureşti. Ed. 1992. Românul. Popp Maxim .77 5. x x x . 1977. 9. 6. II Editura Ştiinţifică şi Enciclopedică . Edit. Vol. Virgiliu Ştefănescu-Drăgăneşti şi colab – Limba engleză Curs Practic. Bucureşti.Gramatica limbii engleze cu exerciţii. Bucureşti. 7. 1978.Editura SPORT-TURISM. Bucureşti. Vollaire Claude .Dicţionar Englez – Român.cuvinte şi expresii de uz curent. 1997. 8.Engleza vorbită . Dicţionar Român .Curs rapid de limba engleză. Virgiliu Ştefănescu-Drăgăneşti .Englez . TEORA.

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