The stomach

The stomach is an J-shaped organ of the digestive tract. It is located between the oesophagus and the duodenum. Posteriorly, the stomach is related with the vertibral column. It is also anteromedial to the spleen and anterosuperior to the transverse colon. It has anterior and superior surfaces separated by the medial lesser and lateral greater curvature. The stomach is composed of 3 parts: a fundus, a body and a pyloric portion. The fundus is above the level of the cardiac orifice which opens to the oesophagus. The body extends from the the fundus to the notch which is located on the lesser curvature and the pyloric portion extends from the notch to the pylorus. The pyloric portion consists of the proximal pyloric antrum and the distal pyloric canal. Histologically the stomach is lined with an epithelium tissue secreting hyrochloric acid and enzymes. It is also elastic to store and mix food. In conclusion, the stomach has an important role in the digestive system.

The heart
The heart is a pyramidal organ. It is a muscular pump, which is located in the mediastinum, between the lungs, but sightly to the left side. It is located anterior to the vertebral column and posterior to the sternum. Inferiorly it is in contact with the diagphram. The heart is covered by the pericardium composed of two parts : the outer fibrous pericardium made of connective tissue and the inner serous pericardium. The fibrous pericardium is attached to the inferior vena cava, the diaphragm and other parts of the body. The serous pericardium is a double-layered membrane consisting 2 layers: an visceral layer and a parietal layer and a potential cavity between them. The wall of the heart is made up of three layers which are, from outer to inner, the epicardium, the muscular myocardium and the endocardium, respectively. The human heart is divided into four chambers: an upper atria and a lower ventricle on each side. The left and right sides are separated by a thick wall of muscle, known asl the septum. On each side, blood travels from the atria through the valves to the ventrical before entering the pulmonary and systemic circulation. These valves allow the blood to flow only in one direction. The human heart is elastic and musclar, which pumps around five liters of blood per minute. The heart is one of the most essential organs in our body.

The lungs
The lungs are conical organs of the respiratory tract in our body. They are located on either side of the thoracic vertebral column. Inferiorly, they are supported by the diagphram. They are also surrounded by ribs. Human lungs are covered by serous membranes (the pleuras) which form the pleural cavities . Each pleura has a visceral layer lining a parietal layer, with a potential cavity containing fluid. On the medial side adjacent to the heart, lies the roots of the lungs, from which the trachea

the lung is very soft. which is absolutely essential to our life.ends and divides into 2 bronchi. The bronchi continue to divide into many bronchioles in order to conduct air. According to the structure. The lung have a main role to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. spongy and elastic so that it can receive much more air in every breath. .