Energy conservation refers to efforts made to reduce energy consumption.

Energy conservation can be achieved through increased efficient energy use, in conjunction with decreased energy consumption and/or reduced consumption from conventional energy sources. Energy conservation can result in increased financial capital, environmental quality, national security, personal security, and human comfort. Individuals and organizations that are direct consumers of energy choose to conserve energy to reduce energy costs and promote economic security. Industrial and commercial users can increase energy use efficiency to maximize profit.

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1 Energy conservation policies 2 Climate change 3 Energy conservation by country o 3.1 India o 3.2 Japan o 3.3 Lebanon o 3.4 New Zealand o 3.5 European Union  3.5.1 United Kingdom o 3.6 United States 4 Issues with energy conservation 5 See also 6 References o 6.1 Notes 7 External links

[edit] Energy conservation policies

[edit] Energy conservation by country [edit] India Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) www. Energy conservation reduces the energy consumption and energy demand per capita and thus offsets some of the growth in energy supply needed to keep up with population growth. [edit] Japan . Electrical energy conservation is an important element of energy policy. and can reduce the need for new power plants. An impact assessment survey by a third party revealed that due to these mega campaigns by PCRA. and energy imports.pcra. This reduces the rise in energy costs.Low-energy building techniques and technologies in an Energy conserving building. Energy conservation is often the most economical solution to energy shortages. The reduced energy demand can provide more flexibility in choosing the most preferred methods of energy production.org is an Indian government body created in 1976 and engaged in promoting energy efficiency and conservation in every walk of life. In the recent past PCRA has done mass media campaigns in television. energy conservation is an important part of lessening climate change. [edit] Climate change By reducing emissions. Energy conservation facilitates the replacement of non-renewable resources with renewable energy. Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an Indian governmental organization created in 2002 responsible for promoting energy efficiency and conservation. and is a more environmentally being alternative to increased energy production. radio & print media. overall awareness level have gone up leading to saving of fossil fuels worth crores of rupees besides reducing pollution.

Japan. Since the 1973 oil crisis. It was created as a project financed by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the Ministry of Energy Water (MEW) under the management of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and gradually established itself as an independent technical national center although it continues to be supported by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as indicated in the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between MEW and UNDP on June 18.Advertising with high energy in Shinjuku. The Energy Conservation Center promotes energy efficiency in every aspect of Japan. the European Union-EU pledged to cut its annual consumption of primary energy by 20% by 2020. [edit] New Zealand In New Zealand the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority is responsible for promoting energy efficiency and conservation.[1] The 'European Union Energy Efficiency Action Plan' is long awaited. energy conservation has been an issue in Japan. so indigenous sustainable energy is being developed. Private entities are implementing the efficient use of energy for industries. [edit] European Union See also: Energy policy of the European Union At the end of 2006. All oil based fuel is imported. [edit] Lebanon In Lebanon and since 2002 The Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation (LCEC) has been promoting the development of efficient and rational uses of energy and the use of renewable energy at the consumer level. . 2007.

Key factors behind this are the Government's commitment to reducing carbon emissions.S. The Department for Transport retains many responsibilities for energy conservation in transport. working with industry and innovative energy technologies. there are two main non-departmental governmental bodies ("quangoes") . and the Department for Environment. and the increasing reliance on imports to meet national energy needs. The Department for Communities and Local Government (CLG) is still responsible for energy standards in buildings. Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) retains a residual interest in energy insofar as it leads to emissions of CO2. Responsibility for energy conservation fall between three Government departments although is led by the Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC). and its strengthening is part of the 2010 Presidential-Congressional legislative debate. and industrial. the main greenhouse gas. the projected 'energy gap' in UK electricity generation. is largely controlled by individual consumers.S. the Boiler Efficiency Directive[3] specifies minimum levels of efficiency for boilers fired with liquid or gaseous fuels. and the Carbon Trust. [edit] United States Main article: Energy conservation in the United States The United States is currently the largest single consumer of energy. At an operational level. Domestic housing and road transport are currently the two biggest problem areas. The U. Department of Energy categorizes national energy use in four broad sectors: transportation.[2] aimed at promoting energy efficiency and encouraging energy-saving behaviour. about half of U. Commercial and industrial energy expenditures are determined by businesses entities and other facility managers. working mainly in the domestic sector with some interest in transport. commercial.As part of the EU's SAVE Programme. residential.the Energy Saving Trust.[4] Energy usage in transportation and residential sectors. National energy policy has a significant effect on energy usage across all four sectors. such as: . energy consumption. [edit] Issues with energy conservation Advocates and critics of various forms and policies of energy conservation debate some issues. In addition there are many independent NGOs working in the sector such as the Centre for Sustainable Energy in Bristol or the National Energy Foundation in Milton Keynes. [edit] United Kingdom Main article: Energy use and conservation in the United Kingdom Energy conservation in the United Kingdom has been receiving increased attention over recent years.

[7][8] It has been shown that natural daylighting increases productivity levels of workers. cap and trade). to see graphically the impact their energy use can have in their workplace or homes. Advance real-time energy metering is able to help "people" save energy by their actions. or solutions like EDSA'a Paladin Live are examples of such solutions [13] In deregulated states commercial utility customers have the ability to compare energy rates among available electricity and natural gas providers.[10] Electric motors consume more than 60% of all electrical energy generated and are responsible for the loss of 10 to 20% of all electricity converted into mechanical energy. Enigin Plc's Eniscope. blood pressure. This is called the Jevons Paradox and it is said to occur in two ways. health studies have demonstrated that headache. it can do this by allowing energy users. real-time energy monitors and meters such as the Energy Detective. as many Americans now work in service jobs that enable them to work from home instead of commuting to work each day. which pulls up energy use in the whole economy. rather than reduce energy use. y y y y y y . However. increased fuel efficiency enables greater production and a higher quality of life. Secondly. This does not imply that increased fuel efficiency is worthless. business and residential. Firstly. in order to reduce energy consumption. efficiency gains must be paired with a government intervention that reduces demand (a green tax. fatigue and worker error all generally increase with the common over-illumination present in many workplace and retail settings.y Standard economic theory suggests that technological improvements increase energy efficiency. increased energy efficiency leads to increased economic growth. Ecowizard.[9] The use of telecommuting by major corporations is a significant opportunity to conserve energy. However.[12] Some governments and NGOs are attempting to reduce this complexity with ecolabels that make differences in energy efficiency easy to research while shopping. thus encouraging increased use.[5][6] Some retailers argue that bright lighting stimulates purchasing.[11] Consumers are often poorly informed of the savings of energy efficient products. Technology needs to be able to change behavioural patterns. stress. increased energy efficiency makes the use of energy relatively cheaper. The research one must put into conserving energy often is too time consuming and costly when there are cheaper products and technology available using today's fossil fuels. Rather than become wasteful automatic energy saving technologies. while reducing energy consumption.

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