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MICROWAVE TECHNIQUES EXAMINATION

Module/SubCourse: SS0344 Edition: 4

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1. The functioning of a surface-wave transmission line is most closely related to the functioning of a
coaxial line.
two-wire line.
circular waveguide.
rectangular waveguide.

2. Reducing the axial velocity of the RF energy in an 0-type backward-wave oscillator is the function of the

folded waveguide.
helix.
delay line.
terminating impedance.

3. The receiver parameter having the greatest influence on the receiver output signal-to-noise ratio is the

noise temperature.
noise figure.
bandwidth.
sensitivity.

4. Velocity modulation is used to cause bunching in a klystron. Where does the bunching action take place?

In the cavities
At the collector
In the drift tube
At the focusing electrode

5. When coupling energy into and out of a waveguide, the method of coupling that permits the greatest loss of energy

loop.
window.
probe.
direct.

6. The traveling-wave tube element that is used to delay the axial velocity of the RV signal is the

helix.
attenuator.
output transformer.
input transformer.

7. Modulation of the sole voltage in an M-type backward-wave oscillator will cause

oscillation.
frequency modulation.
amplitude modulation.
degeneration.
8. Assume that you are using a noise generator to determine the noise figure of a microwave receiver. To obtain an acc
indication of the noise figure, you must connect a db meter, a milliwatt meter, or an ac voltmeter across the output o

noise generator.
mixer stage.
detector stage.
IF stage.

9. The type of interference that is not noise-producing, but may result in a complete loss of the signal, is known as

fading.
terrestrial interference.
seasonal interference.
atmospheric interference.

10. A reactance amplifier may also be known as a

backward-wave oscillator.
parametric amplifier.
klystron power amplifier.
traveling-wave tube.

11. Applying a controlling voltage to the IF amplifiers minimizes the fluctuations in the power levels of the received si
The circuit that develops this controlling voltage is called

an AFC circuit.
a phase-lock-loop circuit.
an FMFB circuit.
an AGC circuit.

12. Additional shaping circuits are sometimes included in a modulator's baseband amplifier network. The purpose of th
shaping circuits is to

provide a means of locking the subcarrier oscillator.
distribute the noise more uniformly throughout the audio frequency spectrum.
increase the power output of the transmitter.
reduce the overall noise.

13. The transmitter subsystem that mixes the injection signal with the modulator output to form the final, angle-modula
output signal is the

oscillator-synchronizer.
final power amplifier.
translator
frequency synthesizer.
Figure 14-1.

14. Why is it necessary to modify the baseband signal in the transmitter shown in figure above?

To insure the proper frequency and amplitude relationship for proper modulation of the subcarrier
To increase the amplitude of the high frequencies
To decrease the amplitude of the low frequencies
To remove the undesired harmonics

15. Limiting the amplitude of an AM wave in an angle-modulated receiver results in

a change in the frequency deviation.
distortion of the demodulated baseband wave.
better immunity against noise.
a change in the phase deviation.

16. During the preparation of the baseband signal for modulation, one circuit reduces the amplitude of the low-frequenc
components more than it reduces the amplitude of the higher frequencies. This high-pass filter circuit is known as a

deemphasis circuit.
harmonic filter.
linear amplifier.
preemphasis network.

17. To match the characteristic impedance of a waveguide to the impedance of the load, you would need

waveguide stubs.
a waveguide transformer.
resonant reactive plates.
tuning screws.

18. The transmitter injection signals and receiver converter signals are developed in the frequency-generating subsystem
units within this subsystem that convert the fixed input frequencies into selectable output frequencies are the

frequency standards.
klystron oscillators.
frequency synthesizers.
oscillator-synchronizers.

Figure 19-1.

19. The phase detector shown in figure above converts the IF changes into baseband signals. What circuit element prev
these baseband signals from being coupled back to the mixer stage?

Phase detector
Reference oscillator
Local oscillator
Low-pass filter

20. In a backward-wave oscillator, the amplification occurs when the

signal on the helix has a higher velocity than the electron beam.
electron beam gives up energy to the signal on the helix as bunching occurs.
terminating impedance dissipates the RF signal traveling toward the cathode.
signal on the helix gives up energy to the electron beam as bunching occurs.

21. Two microwave transmitters and receivers may use the same antenna without interference from each other when th
system contains

a circulator.
an attenuator.
an isolator.
a tapered horn.

22. In the receiver, the gain and noise contribution are two of the factors that determine the

noise temperature.
signal-to-noise ratio.
bandwidth.
frequency deviation.

23. When the noise figure of a receiver is to be obtained by using the signal generator method, the bandwidth usually u
the frequency range

at the high-frequency end of the response curve.
between the half-power points of the response curve.
at the low-frequency end of the response curve.
at the peak power point of the response curve.

24. Modulators using direct-angle-modulation techniques can be distinguished from modulators using indirect-angle-
modulation techniques, by the

number of multiplier stages used to raise the subcarrier frequency to the final transmitter frequency.
number of mixer stages used to combine the baseband and subcarrier frequencies.
appearance of the direct-angle-modulated wave in space.
manner in which the baseband and subcarrier oscillator signals are combined.

25. The criterion that is used to express the relative merit of a receiver in comparison with a "perfect" receiver is the

noise figure.
frequency deviation.
bandwidth.
receiver gain.

26. Changing the depth to which a probe is inserted in a waveguide causes a change in the

strength of the electric field.
impedance and excitation.
frequency of the waveguide.
strength of the magnetic field.

27. When two wavefronts cross in a waveguide, the field that is established has a sine wave pattern that is positioned

across the height of the waveguide.
perpendicular to the wall.
across the width of the waveguide.
parallel to the wall.

28. When a rectangular waveguide is joined to a circular waveguide, the mode is converted from TE rectangular to TE
circular by the action of a

isolator.
mode filter.
mode launcher.
circulator.

Figure 29-1.

29. In the traveling-wave tube shown in figure above, the size of the electron beam is controlled by the

attenuator.
magnetic coil current.
helix.
accelerating anode.
30. The noise that is produced by a parametric amplifier is generated by

the reactive components.
the pump klystron.
the resistive elements.
thermal agitation.

31. In a surface-wave transmission line, wave conduction is accomplished by

a long-wire antenna.
a dielectric-coated conductor.
a circular waveguide,
the radiation of the signal at the speed of light.

32. A coupling device that can be inserted in a transmission line so as to sample either the incident or reflected wave is
known as

a directional coupler.
an attenuator.
a rotary joint.
a semipermanent joint.

33. The mixing that occurs in a parametric amplifier produces new frequencies in addition to the input frequencies.
Amplification takes place at the

sum and signal frequencies.
signal, sum, and difference frequencies.
signal and difference frequencies.
sum and difference frequencies.
Figure 34-1.

34. What type of modulation is used in the simplified modulator unit shown in figure above?

Indirect phase
Direct angle
Direct amplitude
Indirect angle
Figure 35-1.

35. In the schematic of the power amplifier klystron shown in figure above, the electron beam is velocity modulated at

collector.
modulating anode.
electron gun.
RF section.

36. One method of overcoming an impedance mismatch between a waveguide and space is to use a

mode filter.
dipole termination.
mode launcher.
waveguide radiator.

37. In a backward-wave oscillator, the RF wave traveling in the forward direction is dissipated by the

terminating impedance.
collector.
E field.
helix.

38. Interference may be caused by the metallic content of the earth introducing a magnetic field. This field can reduce t
strength of the signal or ground the signal entirely, and is known as

terrestrial interference.
atmospheric interference.
cosmic interference.
galactic interference.

39. The purpose of using the FMFB control circuit in a microwave receiver is to

insure the centering of the signal in the IF amplifier bandpass.
reduce the carrier-to-noise threshold, providing better reception.
reduce the gain of the IF amplifiers when the received signal is at a high amplitude.
reduce the baseband signal-to-noise ratio for better reception.

40. During the process of modulation, signal amplitudes of the baseband signal are converted to

phase deviation.
audio frequencies.
intermediate frequencies.
frequency deviations.

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missed questions #5, 8, 17, 19, 33, 35 85%