Section VII Systems

STRUCTURES
DESCRIPTION The aircraft structure features semi-monocoque construction incorporating aluminum alloys, steel alloys and composite materials. Areas subject to high temperatures are made of fire resistant materials. Areas subject to liquid or condensation accumulation are provided with drain ports. The aircraft structure, in general, is fabricated from aluminum alloys. Alloy steels, stainless steel and titanium are used where advantageous to strength endurance, weight, or heat protection. Composite materials are used mainly for weight reduction. Attention is given to surface finish, corrosion protection and fairings to minimize gaps.

10 Sep 2006

VII-51-1

Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-1. Aircraft Metal Parts VII-51-2 10 Sep 2006 .

Aircraft Composite Parts VII-51-3 .Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-2.

Aircraft Glass.Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-3. Acrylic and Rubber Parts VII-51-4 10 Sep 2006 .

bulkheads. The engines are attached to the fuselage at the pylons. Its geometry is designed to accommodate a 14” weather radar antenna. stringers and skin. The nose section contains portions of the avionics system. It has lightning strike and rain erosion protection and sealed from water penetration.Section VII Systems FUSELAGE STRUCTURE The fuselage structure is a semi-monocoque design comprising frames. Its geometry is designed to accommodate the avionics bay with left and right side doors. center fuselage and aft fuselage.The radome is made of honeycomb / fiberglass epoxy. and the oxygen storage bottle. longerons. forward cabin. It is constructed in four sections: forward fuselage. The fuselage also incorporates attachment fittings for the empennage and nose landing gear. The fuselage is joined to the wing carry-through structure (CTS). the power brake valve. the nose landing gear and nosewheel steering systems. The nose section structure consists mainly of: • Frame 1 (machined aluminium) • Pressure bulkhead frame 6 (machined aluminium) • Side beam (machined aluminium • Skins & formers (aluminium sheet metal) • Upper longerons (machined aluminium) • Deck (aluminium sheet metal) The central deck is essentially flat and supports the avionics boxes. 10 Sep 2006 VII-51-5 . Radome The radome is optimized for electrical and aerodynamic performance. Nose Section The nose section is unpressurized.

The windshields and side windows are made of glass. The cockpit floor is located between frames 6 and 17.Section VII Systems Cockpit Structure The cockpit is located between frames 7 and 16. The cockpit includes the following systems supporting sub-structures: • Instrument Panels • Pedestal • Side Consoles • Overhead panel The cockpit interior contains: • Pilot and copilot seats and Tracks • Control columns and pedals • Two air outlets • Airconditioning outlets • Glareshield • Map lights • Dome lights VII-51-6 10 Sep 2006 . The cockpit canopy is located forward of frame 13. The windshields and side windows supporting structure is made of machined aluminum.

Cockpit Structure 10 Sep 2006 VII-51-7 .Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-4.

it is supported on a door rest which is automatically released when a door handle is operated. the unlocking mechanism is activated and the door opens outward. The door comprises of a removable assembly. causing it to enter DUMP mode if altitude is below 14. A signal is also sent to the cabin pressurization controller. The door can be opened from inside or outside the aircraft when the cabin is depressurized. A Cabin Door Reset pushbutton is provided in the cabin adjacent to the door. During door deployment. an inflatable seal. A microswitch senses the position of the door locking mechanism. VII-51-8 10 Sep 2006 . The door is sealed in closed position by two seals: conventional and inflatable. a collapsible handrail automatically deploys.Section VII Systems Entrance Door The airstair door is located on the forward left fuselage between frame 13 and frame 16. The door is balanced and assisted by two air springs for easy raising. fuselage seal and actuating/locking mechanism. A pressure sensor monitors the pressure in the inflatable seal and causes the EICAS DOOR SEAL PRESS LOW message to come on if pressure is not sufficient to fully inflate the seal. causing the red EICAS CABIN DOOR UNLOCK warning message to come on. If the microswitch senses that the door is not locked. Door opening is limited by two telescopic rod assemblies and controlled free fall is assisted by a damper assembly. When the internal or external door handle is operated. The door is mechanically raised by pressing a button to release a spring-loaded handle on the handrail. Frame structure provides a message when the door is not securely closed and locked. Pressing the Cabin Door Reset pushbutton for two seconds causes the EICAS CABIN DOOR UNLOCK warning message to change to a white status message and cancels the signal to the cabin pressurization controller. In this case the conventional seal is designed to maintain cabin pressurization. it sends a signal. When the door is fully opened. The door is a semi-plug type rotating around two lower hinges.000 ft.

Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-5. Entrance Door 10 Sep 2006 VII-51-9 .

left. ECS and fuel system components are located in and routed through this section. Four oval stretched acrylic windows are installed on each side within forged aluminum ring frames. fuselage fuel tank. cabin emergency exits.Section VII Systems Forward Cabin The forward cabin section has four panels: upper. The left and right panels are attached to upper and lower panels to form constant section between Frame 17 and Frame 28. The inboard sides of the aisle are equipped with composite adapters to house the aisle and emergency path lights. The cabin floor has a center aisle. CTS (wing carry-through structure). Center Fuselage Section The center fuselage section is located between frames 28 and 43 and is approximately 3600 mm (141. Main landing gear bay and doors.7 inches) long. VII-51-10 10 Sep 2006 . Hydraulic. aft pressure bulkhead. 20 inches wide and 5 inches deep and is equipped with seat tracks for the passenger seats. This section includes the aft cabin. made of aluminum skin and ten sheet metal frame segments. right and lower. flight controls.

The door is locked in position by two latch pins. APU.1 inches) and ends at the tail cone. Aft Fuselage The aft fuselage section starts from the aft pressure bulkhead at station 10. empennage and houses the following main components: batteries. the emergency exit door is released inwards. located at the bottom door frame have slots to accommodate two positioning pins on the bottom of emergency exit door. located in the door handle. 10 Sep 2006 VII-51-11 . The emergency door has fourteen fixed stops symmetrically installed to correspond to those on the door frame. fire extinguishers.Section VII Systems Emergency Exits There are two emergency plug-type exit doors. The door structure is integrally machined aluminum part The emergency exit doors can be opened from either the inside or the outside of the aircraft. 483 mm (19 inches) wide and 660 mm (26 inches) high.824 mm (426. Two adjustable receptacles. when operating the corresponding handle. flight data recorder and HF receiver(s). The emergency exit door is type IV. generator control units. The aft fuselage includes the baggage and service compartments. Each emergency door seats in a door frame which has fourteen fixed stops. When the handle is operated. engine pylons. DC boxes. horizontal stabilize trim actuators. Each door is located over the wing on each side of the aircraft between frames 29 and 31.

Fuselage Sections VII-51-12 10 Sep 2006 .Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-6.

four air brakes. Each wing incorporates an aileron. The CTS is an integral fuel tank. comprising of front spar. Fuel system collector tanks are located at the center of CTS. Cabin floor attached to upper surface of the CTS. trailing edge flaps. leading edge slat and integral fuel tank. The main load carrying structure of the wing is a torsion box. The CTS is attached to the lower fuselage. Fuel drains are provided at the wing lower surface. partial center spar and ribs. rear spar.Section VII Systems WING STRUCTURE The left and right wings and the carry-through structure (CTS) are assembled as a single unit. The CTS is located between fuselage frames 28 and 35. 10 Sep 2006 VII-51-13 .

Carry-Through Structure (CTS) VII-51-14 10 Sep 2006 .Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-7.

Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-8. Main Access Panels 10 Sep 2006 VII-51-15 .

Wing Top View VII-51-16 10 Sep 2006 .Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-9.

Each elevator has front and rear spars and full depth composite construction. Both stabilizers have drainage holes in their lower surfaces. The horizontal stabilizer pivots at its rear end and is attached to an electrically driven actuator at its forward end. chordwise ribs. Each has front and rear spars. The vertical stabilizer carries a rudder with trim tab. spanwise stringers and skin.Section VII Systems EMPENNAGE The empennage is comprised of a fully cantilevered swept back vertical stabilizer and a horizontal stabilizer. 10 Sep 2006 VII-51-17 . both of semi-monocoque design. It carries the left and right elevators. Each elevator carries a geared tab.

Section VII Systems Figure 7-51-10. Empennage VII-51-18 10 Sep 2006 .

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