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Topic : HART Communication Branch : Electronics HART Communication For many years, the field communication standard for process automation equipmen t has been a milliamp (mA) analog current signal. The milliamp current signal va ries within a range of 4-2OmA in proportion to the process variable being repres ented. Li typical applications a signal of 4mA will correspond to the lower limi t (0%) of the calibrated range and 2OmA will correspond to the upper limit (100% ) of the calibrated range. Virtually all installed systems use this internationa l standard for communicating process variable information between process automa tion equipment. HART Field Communications Protocol extends this 4- 2OmA standard to enhance comm unication with smart field instruments. The HART protocol was designed specifica lly for use with intelligent measurement and control instruments which tradition ally communicate using 4-2OmA analog signals. HART preserves the 4- signal and e nables two way digital communications to occur without disturbing the integrity of the 4-2OmA signal. Unlike other digital communication technologies, the HART protocol maintains compatibility with existing 4-2OmA systems, and in doing so, provides users with a uniquely backward compatible solution. HART Communication Protocol is well-established as the existing industry standard for digitally enh anced 4- 2OmA field communication. THE HART PROTOCOL - AN OVERVIEW HART is an acronym for "Highway Addressable Remote Transducer". The HART protoco l makes use of the Bell 202 Frequency Shift Keying (FSK) standard to superimpose digital communication signals at a low level on top of the 4-2OmA. This enables two-way field communication to take place and makes it possible for additional information beyond just the normal process variable to be communicated to/from a smart field instrument. The HART protocol communicates at 1200 bps without inte rrupting the 4-2OmA signal and allows a host application (master) to get two or more digital updates per second from a field device. As the digital FSK signal i s phase continuous, there is no interference with the 4- 2OrnA signal. HART is a master/slave protocol which means that a field (slave) device only spe aks when spoken to by a master. The HART protocol can be used in various modes f or communicating information to/from smart field in3truments and central control or monitor systems. HART provides for up to two masters (primary and secondary) . This allows secondary masters such as handheld communicators to be used withou t interfering with communications to/from the primary master, i.e. control/monit oring system. The most commonly employed HART communication mode is master/slave communication of digital information simultaneous with transmission of the 4-2O mA signal. The HART protocol permits all digital communication with field device s in either point-to-point or multidrop network configuration. There is an optio nal "burst" communication mode where single slave device can continuously broadc ast a standard HART reply message. HART COMMUNICATION LAYERS

2 and 7 of the OSI model. As is the case for most of t he communication systems on the field level. the HART protocol implements only t he Layers 1. The layers 3 to 6 remain empty since thei r services are either not required or provided by the application layer 7 .The HART protocol utilizes the OSI reference model.

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