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## Course Name: Fluid Mechanics

Assignment No. 1

DOA: DOS:
Part A

Q1. Calculate the dynamic viscosity of an oil, which is used for lubrication between a square
plate of size 0.8 m X 0.8 m in an inclined plane with angle of inclination 300 as shown in fig.
The weight of square plate is 300 N and it slides down the inclined plane with auniform
velocity of 0.3 m per sec. The thickness of oil film is 1.5 mm.

Q2. The dynamic viscosity of an oil, used for lubrication between a shaft and asleeve is 6
poise. The shaft is of diameter 0.4 m and rotates at 190 rpm. Calculate the power lost in the
bearing for a sleeve length of 90 mm. The thickness of oil film is 1.5 mm.

Q3. An open tank contains water upto a depth of 2 m and above it an oil of sp. gr. 0.9 for a
depth of 1 m. Find the pressure intensity

## 1. At the interface of two liquids, and

2. At the bottom of the tank.

Part B

Q4. Fig. Shows a conical vessel having its outlet at A to which a U tube manometer is
connected. The reading of the manometer given in fig. Shows when the vessel is empty. Find
the reading of the manometer when the vessel is completely filled with water.

Q5. Water is flowing through two different pipes to which an inverted differential manometer
having an oil of sp. gr. 0.8 is connected. The pressure head in the pipe A is 2 m of water, find
the pressure in the pipe B for the manometer readings as shown in fig.

Q.6 A square aperture in the vertical side of a tank has one diagonal vertical and is
completely covered by a plane plate hinged along one of the upper side of the aperture. The
diagonals of the aperture are 2 m long and the tank contains a liquid of sp. Gr. 1.15. The
centre of aperture is 1.5 m below the free surface . Calculate the thrust exerted on the plate by
the liquid and position of its centre of pressure.

## Course Name: Fluid Mechanics

Assignment No. 2

DOA: DOS:
Part A
Q.1 A rectangular gate 6 m X 2 m is hinged at its base and inclined at 60o to the the
horizontal. To keep the gate in a stable position, a counter weight of 29430N is
attached at the upper end of the gate. Find the depth of water at which the gate begins
to fall. Neglect the weight of the gate and also friction at the hinge and pulley.

Q.2 A rectangular pontoon is 4 m long, 3 m wide and 1.40 m high. The depth of
immersion of the pontoon is 1.0 m in sea-water. If the centre of gravity is 0.70 m
above the bottom of the pontoon, determine the meta-centric height. Take the density
of sea-water as 1030 kg/m3.

Q.3 A closed cylinder of diameter 30 cm and height 20 cm is completely filled with water.
Calculate the total pressure force exerted by water on the top and bottom of the
cylinder, if it is rotated about its vertical axis at 300 r.p.m.

Part B
Q.4 A horizontal pipeline 40 m long is connected to a water tank at one end and discharge
freely into the atmosphere at the other end. For the first 25 m of itf length from the
tank, the pipe is 150 mm diameter and its diameter is suddenlt enlarged to 300 mm.
the height of water level in the tank is 8 m above the centre of the pipe. Considering
all loses of head which occur, determine the rate of flow. Take f= 0.1 for both sections
of the pipe.

Q.5. (a) Derive Euler’s equation of motion along streamlines, and hence derive the
Bernoulli’s theorem.
(b) A uniform tapering pipe is 20 cm diameter at one end A and 10 cm at the other
end B. The pipe is 3 m long, is inclined to the horizontal at an angle α = tan-1(1/4)
with end A above B. If the flow viscosity at section B is 0.6 m/s, determine the
difference of pressure between the two sections.

Q.6. Water flows through a pipe sloping upwards so that centre line of the pipe at exit is 2
m above its centre line at inlet. The pipe diameters at inlet and exit sections are 10 cm
and 5 cm respectively. Measurements show that when the water flow rate is 2 m3/
min, the pressure at the inlet section is 315 kN/m2 and the total head loss upto the exit
section is 1.5 m water flowing. Estimate the pressure at exit if the gravitational
acceleration at the location is 9.5 m/s2.

## Course Name: Fluid Mechanics

Assignment No. 3

DOA: DOS:
Part A

Que 1:A reservoir supplies water to a horizontal 15cm pipe,300m long. The pipe flows full
and discharges into the atmosphere at a rate of 100liters/s.What is the pressure midway in the
pipe assuming head loss in each 100m length is 06m ?

Que2: A conical tube is fixed vertically with its smaller end upwards and forms part of a
pipe line through water flows. The velocity at smaller end is 5m/s and at larger end 2m/s and
tube is 2m long; the pressure at the upper end is equivalent to a head of 3.0m; loss in the tube
expressed in meters of head is given by 0.3(U1-U2)2/2g where U1=5m/s U2=2m/s. Determine
the pressure head at the lower end of the tube.

Que 3; Oil of sp. Gravity 0.75 is pumped from a tank over a hill through a 60cm pipe with a
pressure at the top of hill maintained at 19.62 N/cm2. The submit is 80m above the surface of
oil in the tank and oil is pumped at a rate of 1000 liters/s. If the head lost from submit to tank
is 5m, what power must the pump must supply to the liquid?

Part B

Que 4: A venturimeter has an area ratio of 9 to1; the larger diameter being 30cm. During the
flow the recorded pressure head in the larger section is 6.42m and that of throat it is 4.17m. If
the meter constant is C= 0.99, compute the discharge through the meter.

Que 5: A venturimeter 40cm diameter in the main and 15cm in dia in the throat, Neglecting
the friction calculate the difference of pressure of water between the main and the throat in
cm of mercury when the ratio of discharge is 500kliter/hour.Sp.Gr of mercury =13.6 and
venture constant =0.98

Que 6: A 6m long portion of a pipe is inclined at 60degree to the vertical. The diameters of
its upper and lower ends are 15cm and 10cm resp. Find the difference of pressure heads
between the two ends when the water at a rate of 55litres/second flows in the pipe. Assuming
the loss of head in the portion as 0.25

## Course Name: Fluid Mechanics

Assignment No. 4

DOA: DOS:
Part A

Q1. A discharge of 20 liters per second of water occurs in a pipe line laid with its axis 300 to
the horizontal. The pipeline suddenly enlarge from 10 cm to 20 cm diameter. A and B are the
two points lying 1 m away from the enlargement; A is in the 10 cm diamtere section pipe and
B is in the 20 cm diameter section pipe. The pressure gauge fixed at point B reads 5kpa. What
would be the reading of the pressure gauge fixed at point A when the water flows

1. Upwards from A to B
2. Downward from B to A

## Assume coefficient of contraction Cc = 0.60

Q2. Two sharp ended pipes of diameter 50 mm and 100 mm respectively, each of length 100
m are connected in parallel between two reservoir which have a difference of levels of 10 m.
If the coefficient of friction for each pipe is 4f = 0.32, calculate the rate of flow for each pipe
and also the diameter of a single pipe 100 m long which would give the same discharge, if it
were substituted for the original two pipes.

Q3. A rectangular pipe, 1.2 m wide and 4 m long, is to built in a river whose average depth is
3 m. To determine its discharge characterstics, a small scale model made to a scale of 1:20
was tested in a laboratory and the following data were recorded.

Velocity of flow = 0.6 m/s; height of standing wave = 3.5 cm, and the force acting on
the model = 4N

Make calculation for speed, force, heightof standing wave and the coefficient of drag
resistance for the prototype. Assume that the flows in the model and prototype are insensitive
to change in Reynolds number.

Part B

Q4. A plate 0.3 m long is placed at zero angle of incidence in a stream of 150c water moving
at 1 m/s. Find out the streamwise velocity component at the mid point of the boundary layer,
the maximum boundary layer thickness and the maximum value of the normal component of
velocity at the trailing edge of the plate.

## For water at 150c : ρ = 1000 kg/m3 ; µ = 4.16 kg/hr-m

Q5. A 1:20 model of a naval ship having a submerged area of 5 m2 and length of 8 m has a
total drag of 20 N when towed through water at a velocity of 1.5 m per second. Calculate the
total drag on the prototype when moving at the corresponding speed. Use the relation Ff = ½
Cf ρAV2 for calculating the skin resistance. The value of Cf is given by, Cf = 0.0735/(Re)1/5.

Take kinematic viscosity of water as 0.01 stoke and the mass density of water as 1000
3
kg/m .

Q.6 A ship 300 m long moves in sea water, whose density is 1030 kg per m3, A 1:100 model
of this ship is to be tested in a wind tunnel. The velocity of air in the wind tunnel around the
model is 30 m/s and the resistance of the model is 60 N. determine the velocity of ship in sea
water and also the resistance of the ship in sea water. The density of air is given as 1.24 kg
per m3. Take the kinematic viscosity of sea water and air as 0.012 stokes and 0.018 stokes
repectively.