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A commercial bank is a type of financial intermediary and a type of bank.

Commercial banking is also

known as business banking. It is a bank that provides checking accounts, savings accounts, and money
market accounts and that accepts time deposits.[1] After the implementation of the Glass-Steagall Act, the
U.S. Congress required that banks engage only in banking activities, whereas investment banks were
limited to capital market activities. As the two no longer have to be under separate ownership under U.S.
law, some use the term "commercial bank" to refer to a bank or a division of a bank primarily dealing
with deposits and loans from corporations or large businesses. In some other jurisdictions, the strict
separation of investment and commercial banking never applied. Commercial banking may also be seen
as distinct from retail banking, which involves the provision of financial services direct to consumers.
Commercial bank is the term used for a normal bank to distinguish it from an investment bank or retail
The role of commercial banks
Commercial banks engage in the following activities:

• processing of payments by way of telegraphic transfer, EFTPOS, internet banking, or other

• issuing bank drafts and bank cheques
• accepting money on term deposit
• lending money by overdraft, installment loan, or other means
• providing documentary and standby letter of credit, guarantees, performance bonds, securities
underwriting commitments and other forms of off balance sheet exposures
• safekeeping of documents and other items in safe deposit boxes
• sale, distribution or brokerage, with or without advice, of insurance, unit trusts and similar
financial products as a “financial supermarket”
• cash management and treasury services
• merchant banking and private equity financing
• traditionally, large commercial banks also underwrite bonds, and make markets in currency,
interest rates, and credit-related securities, but today large commercial banks usually have an
investment bank arm that is involved in the mentioned activities.

Types of loans granted by commercial banks

[edit] Secured loan

A secured loan is a loan in which the borrower pledges some asset (e.g., a car or property) as collateral
(i.e., security) for the loan.

[edit] Mortgage loan

A mortgage loan is a very common type of debt instrument, used to purchase real estate. Under this
arrangement, the money is used to purchase the property. Commercial banks, however, are given
security - a lien on the title to the house - until the mortgage is paid off in full. If the borrower defaults
on the loan, the bank would have the legal right to repossess the house and sell it, to recover sums owing
to it.

In the past, commercial banks have not been greatly interested in real estate loans and have placed only
a relatively small percentage of assets in mortgages. As their name implies, such financial institutions
secured their earning primarily from commercial and consumer loans and left the major task of home
financing to others. However, due to changes in banking laws and policies, commercial banks are
increasingly active in home financing.
Changes in banking laws now allow commercial banks to make home mortgage loans on a more liberal
basis than ever before. In acquiring mortgages on real estate, these institutions follow two main
practices. First, some of the banks maintain active and well-organized departments whose primary
function is to compete actively for real estate loans. In areas lacking specialized real estate financial
institutions, these banks become the source for residential and farm mortgage loans. Second, the banks
acquire mortgages by simply purchasing them from mortgage bankers or dealers.

In addition, dealer service companies, which were originally used to obtain car loans for permanent
lenders such as commercial banks, wanted to broaden their activity beyond their local area. In recent
years, however, such companies have concentrated on acquiring mobile home loans in volume for both
commercial banks and savings and loan associations. Service companies obtain these loans from retail
dealers, usually on a nonrecourse basis. Almost all bank/service company agreements contain a credit
insurance policy that protects the lender if the consumer defaults.

Unsecured loan

Unsecured loans are monetary loans that are not secured against the borrowers assets (i.e., no collateral
is involved). These may be available from financial institutions under many different guises or
marketing packages:

• bank overdrafts
• corporate bonds
• credit card debt
• credit facilities or lines of credit
• personal loans

List of Commercial Banks in India

SBI & Associates:
• State Bank of India
• State Bank of Bikaner & Jaipur
• State Bank of Hyderabad
• State Bank of Indore
• State Bank of Mysore
• State Bank of Patiala
• State Bank of Travancore

Other Scheduled Commercial Banks:

• Axis Bank
• Bank of Rajasthan
• Catholic Syrian Bank
• City Union Bank
• Development Credit Bank
• Dhanalakshmi Bank
• Federal Bank
• HDFC Bank
• ICICI Bank
• IndusInd Bank
• ING Vysya Bank
• Jammu & Kashmir Bank
• Karnataka Bank
• Karur Vysya Bank
• Kotak Mahindra Bank
• Lakshmi Vilas Bank
• Nainital Bank
• Ratnakar Bank
• SBI Commercial & International Bank
• South Indian Bank
• Tamilnad Mercantile Bank
• Yes Bank

Products and Services of Federal Bank India

Federal Bank India extends a wide range of products and services to its customers to ensure them
maximum benefits and a happy banking experience. The range is inclusive of:

• Depository Services
• Debit Cards
• General Insurance Products in association with United India Insurance
• Export Credit Insurance Products in association with ECGC
• Express Remittance Facility from Abroad - FEDFAST
• Cash -On- Line Express Cash Remittance
• Life Insurance Products in association with IDBI Fortis
• Lock Box Service for US-based NRIs
• Cash Management Services
• Merchant Banking Services
• E-shopping Payment gateway
• BSNL Bill Payment
• Easy Pay- On-line fee payment system
• Online LIC Insurance Payment
• Online Kiosks for customers
• Online Railway Reservation System

Pioneering Services by Federal Bank India

In its attempt to serve customers with the best and to provide them an easy means of banking, Federal
Bank in India has come up with many first of its kind services and products that re-defined the entire
banking scenario of India. These are:

• Launched Internet Banking Service via FedNet among all the traditional banks in India
• Made its branches automated
• Inter-connected all its branches
• Started Electronic Telephone Bill Payment
• Introduced e-shopping payment gateway
• Offered Mobile Alerts and Mobile Banking service
• Devised a way for Express Remittance Facility from Abroad
• Provided RTGS facility in all its branches
• Head Office of Federal Bank India

The Federal Bank Limited,

Federal Towers,
Aluva - 683 101,
Ph: +91-484-2623620 to 29
Fax: +91-484-2622672
• Background of Federal Bank India

Previously known as Travancore Federal Bank Limited, the Federal Bank Limited in its entire
span of customer services has seen both ups and downs. The bank started with an auction-chitty
business along with other banking transactions related to agriculture and industry. In the year
1945, the paid-up capital of the bank touched Rs.71000 and a new Board of Directors was
constituted. During this period, the bank also incorporated new Articles of Association. The
same year its branch was opened at Aluva.

Subsequently, Federal Bank came with its branches in Angamally (1946) and Perumbavoor
(1947). However, it came with a massive expansion plan in the years 1975 and 1976 by opening
53 and 42 branches respectively.

From that time onwards till today, the bank has continued to incorporate the effective changes to
ensure smooth banking experience for its customers.

About Federal Bank India

Federal Bank is a private sector bank in India. The head office of this prestigious bank is located at
Aluva, Kerala. By 2008, the Federal Bank India had successfully introduced 671 branches and 681
ATMs across the nation. In the month of March of 2008 alone, the bank had opened 26 branches across
11 Indian States.

• Federal Bank India is well recognized for facilitating even the smaller branches consisting of
rural and partially-urbanized areas with technology enabled services.