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25. 2.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 60/19

Answer given by Mr Van den Broek on behalf of the Commission

(21 May 1997)

Since 1991, international aid − and especially of the Community − has supported Ukraine in restructuring its
energy sector. This has been reinforced by the group of seven (G7) which required the restructuring of the energy
sector as a pre-condition to its assistance to Ukraine for the closure of Chernobyl.

The Community developed a strategy of support for the restructuring of the Ukrainian energy sector by funding
co-operation programmes (Tacis, Synergy, Thermie) which focused on a holistic approach for progress across all
areas of energy generation and usage.

Saving and energy efficiency has been a priority for Tacis since the programme began. Over the period
1991-1996, 25 MECU went to saving and efficiency projects in the Ukraine. The Tacis project ‘Global energy
saving strategy for Ukraine’ has become the basis for subsequent work in Ukraine. The State committee for
energy conservation has been established, with the help of Tacis and Synergy, specifically to create and
implement the national energy conservation policy. Energy saving issues have been addressed in the
metallurgical, pulp and paper, electric power, engineering, food and other branches of industry. In addition the
Community is supporting, through grant funding and technical assistance, the European bank for reconstruction
and development (EBRD) efforts to set up an energy saving financing scheme in the framework of the G7 action

In the future, efforts to implement energy efficiency policies and programmes in all sectors of the Ukrainian
economy will be pursued. Specific actions will include the definition of legislative provisions and incentives for
energy saving; the promotion of financing and investment mechanisms; the development of training
programmes; and the implementation of pilot projects to further instil awareness in the industrial sector.

(98/C 60/39) WRITTEN QUESTION P-1433/97

by Konstantinos Hatzidakis (PPE) to the Commission

(18 April 1997)

Subject: Greek Government’s draft law on the exercise of the profession of accountant, tax consultant, etc.

The draft law entitled ‘Exercise of the profession of accountant, tax consultant, functioning of Institute of
Chartered Surveyors and other provisions’, recently announced by the Greek Government, provides inter alia
that accountancy graduates from Technical Education Institutes (TEI) are demoted to 2nd class accountants,
which hinders their professional development even though they chose to study in a department of Greek
higher-education that was specifically for accounting. The draft law further provides that graduates of other
educational institutions will be able to practice accountancy as 1st class accountants, even if they have not
studied in fields with such relevant subject-matter and therefore have little or no knowledge of accountancy.

The proposed arrangement is in direct breach of Greek Presidential Decrees 349/89 and 186/92, which safeguard
the professional rights of the graduates concerned. More importantly, however, the measure breaches the spirit of
Community Directive 89/48 (1) establishing the unhindered professional development of higher-education
graduates. The Court of Justice (judgment delivered by the Third Chamber on 23 March 1995 in Case C-365/93)
has, incidentally, already found against Greece for failing to safeguard the professional rights in question. What
view does the Commission take of this issue, and what steps will it take to ensure Greece’s full compliance with
Community law in this particular matter?

(1) OJ L 19, 24.1.1989, p. 16.

C 60/20 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 25. 2. 98

Answer given by Mr Monti on behalf of the Commission

(20 May 1997)

The draft law referred to by the Honourable Member does not infringe Directive 89/48/EEC, under which the
task of regulating the professions, and in particular the conditions of access to them, by laying down qualification
requirements is a matter for the Member States.

The judgment delivered by the Court of Justice in Case C-365/93 concerns the failure to transpose the Directive
and not the safeguarding of professional rights mentioned by the Honourable Member. The Commission has
decided to issue a reasoned opinion for failure to comply with the Court's judgment.

(98/C 60/40) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1461/97

by Roberta Angelilli (NI) to the Commission
(28 April 1997)

Subject: Building of the Colle Salario-Bufalotta-Talenti-Tiburtina expressway in Rome

Rome City Council will shortly open the first section of the expressway due to link Colle Salario with via
Tiburtina, under the urban development plan adopted by the City of Rome in 1962.

However, densely populated districts have since grown up in the areas affected by the expressway plans, in
particular at Colle Salario, Talenti, Casal de’ Pazzi and Ponte Mammolo. Among other things, the road is due to
be opened before the completion of work on noise barriers, that are essential for protecting people living in the
area from the high level of noise pollution. This has caused alarm among many local inhabitants; however, their
complaints have been ignored by the Rome administration.

It is therefore clear that the Rome Municipality has not carried out an environmental impact assessment, as
required under Directive 97/11/EC (1) amending Directive 85/337/EEC (2).

Does the Commission agree that the Rome Municipality’s attitude is contrary to the provisions of Directive
85/337/EEC on the environmental impact of major projects?

Will the Commission state whether the opening of the expressway before the installation of noise barriers has
been completed constitutes an infringement of Community law on noise pollution produced by motor vehicles?

Will the Commission state whether it considers that steps must be taken to ensure that the Rome Municipality
complies with Community law in respect of environmental impact assessments and restrictions on noise

(1) OJ L 73, 14.3.1997, p. 5.

(2) OJ L 175, 5.7.1985, p. 40.

Answer given by Mrs Bjerregaard on behalf of the Commission

(9 June 1997)

The Honourable Member refers to an urban expressway to be opened shortly.

Annex I to Directive 85/337/EEC on environmental impact assessment (1) does indeed require that expressway
projects be assessed. However, the information provided by the Honourable Member does not indicate whether
this particular case involves an expressway within the meaning of the Directive.

The project in question would appear to belong to Annex II to the Directive, in respect of which recent case-law
of the Court of Justice specifies that all categories of project appearing therein must be considered by the
authorities with a view to deciding whether impact assessment must be carried out.