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11. 3.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 76/57

Companies importing into the United Kingdom from within my constituency have experienced severe delays
when their shipments have not been checked at the first port of call and then further delayed, resulting often in
perishment for goods with a short life.

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission


(25 June 1997)

As a general rule, according to Council Directive 90/675/EEC of 10 December 1990 laying down principles
governing the organization of veterinary checks on products entering the Community from third countries (1),
veterinary checks are carried out at the border inspection post situated at the point of entry into Community
territory.

However, Article 8(4) of the Directive states that by way of derogation for products entering one of the
Community territories via a port or airport, checks may be carried out in the port or airport of destination,
provided that this port or airport has a border inspection post and that the products are transported, as the case
may be, by sea or air. This possibility has been introduced in order to facilitate trade and cover the situation
whereby ships or aircraft only stop over in the first port or airport in the Community.

The Commission has not been made aware of any particular comments with regard to checks carried out at the
border inspection post at Heathrow airport.

(1) OJ L 373, 31.12.1990.

(98/C 76/140) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1832/97


by Jan Sonneveld (PPE) and Reimer Böge (PPE) to the Commission
(28 May 1997)

Subject: Canning of pigmeat from swine fever quarantine areas in the Netherlands

Because of the current swine fever problems in the Netherlands and the measures required as a result, financial
aid from the European Union is currently being used to buy up large numbers of pigs for destruction in the
quarantine areas.

There are three consequences:


− a considerable financial burden for the EU and the Netherlands,
− an increasing shortage of raw materials for the pigmeat processing industry,
− increasing social resistance to the waste of healthy pigmeat.

By canning this meat it will be possible to:


− save on the costs of buying up pigs,
− create alternative employment opportunities,
− prevent the waste of healthy pigmeat.

1. Does the Commission share the view that this meat satisfies all the conditions for human consumption?

2. Does the Commission agree with the advantages of canning as opposed to destruction, as set out above?

3. Is it true that the Commission has authorized the canning of meat from quarantine areas for Germany, but
not for the Netherlands?

4. If so, is the Commission prepared also to allow the Netherlands to can meat, and when?
C 76/58 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 11. 3. 98

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission


(4 July 1997)

1. Pigs purchased under the exceptional market support scheme originated from pig holdings situated in areas
considered as classical swine fever risk areas. The areas have been established around classical swine fever
outbreaks of which more than 200 have been declared during the period February to May 1997. This large
number of outbreaks indicates that the spread of the virus is not under control. Great efforts are being made to
ensure that pigs purchased under the market support scheme are healthy and not incubating classical swine fever.
The latter, however, cannot be completely excluded due to the presence of the virus in the area. An ante-mortem
and post-mortem inspection of individual pigs carried out in accordance with the provisions of Council Directive
64/433/EEC (1) on health problems affecting intra-Community trade in fresh meat will conclude whether or not
the meat will satisfy all conditions for human consumption.

In the event that the ante mortem and post-mortem inspections did not detect a classical swine fever infection in
an early stage of incubation, it cannot be excluded that the environment (vehicle used for transport, lairage and
other areas of slaughterhouse) could be contaminated by the virus and be the potential source of a new infection.

2. The Commission does not believe that canning large quantities of pigmeat is a real alternative to the
rendering of these animals as foreseen at present in Regulation (EC) No 413/97 (2) on special support measures in
the pigmeat sector in the Netherlands. There is no market for such products within the Community. Export may
be possible, but it could disturb the normal exports and cause harm to the reputation of Community processed
products on the world market. In addition, it must be underlined that processing of such pigmeat requires an
enormous effort in order to ensure that the whole carcase is processed, and that parts of the carcase are not
‘deviated’ to the internal market.

3. Germany was authorised at the end of March 1997 to use a small number of eligible fattened pigs for
canning. Until the end of May around 23 000 carcases had been processed, giving 1 500 tonnes of canned
products, which will be exported without refunds.

4. The question of canning is included in the ongoing discussion between the Commission and the Dutch
authorities on classical swine fever. However, priority is given to those points which play an important role in
order to combat the disease and to apply the exceptional market support measures in an effective way.

(1) OJ 121, 29.7.1964.


(2) OJ L 62, 4.3.1997.

(98/C 76/141) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1838/97


by Klaus-Heiner Lehne (PPE) to the Commission
(28 May 1997)

Subject: Directive 90/314/EEC on package travel

To date, which Member States have transposed Directive 90/314/EEC (1) on package travel, on what dates and to
what extent?

(1) OJ L 158, 23.6.1990, p. 59.

Answer given by Mrs Bonino on behalf of the Commission


(1 July 1997)

The time limit for transposition of Directive 90/314/EEC was 31 December 1992.

All the Member States have communicated the national implementing measures:
Belgium: Loi régissant le contrat d'organisation de voyages et le contrat d'intermédiaire de voyages du
16.2.1994 et arrêté ministériel du 19.9.1994.
Denmark: Bekendtgorelse om pakkerejser du 21.9.1993.