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NeBIO (2010) Vol. 1(3) Saikia et al.


Biology and life cycle generations of common crow - Euploea core core
Cramer (Lepidoptera: Danainae) on Hemidesmus indica host plant
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Malabika Kakati Saikia , Jatin Kalita and Prasanta K. Saikia
Centre for Animal Ecology & Wildlife Biology. Department of Zoology, Gauhati University
Guwahati - 781 014, Assam, India
Department of Zoology, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781 014, Assam, India

Author for correspondence:,

© NECEER, Imphal


Study of biology and life cycle generations of Common Crow- Euploea core core has
been done on the Hemidesmus indica host plant in laboratory and natural conditions
from 2002 through 2006. In natural condition, the population status, host plant
availability and life cycle generations were studied in Rani-Garbhanga Reserve Forestof
Assam. The leaf consumption by caterpillars and subsequent changes in length and
breadth were measured after 12 hours intervals. The behaviour and morphological
characters of the eggs, caterpillars, pupae and adults emergences were observed in
natural and laboratory situations. The study found out that, the Euploea core core has
completed their 10 generations in a year and the first generation was started from
early March and last generation was ended at late February. The total duration of life
cycle generation was nearly doubled during winter season (November to February)
compare to Monsoon. However, there was no significant difference of life cycle
duration during Pre-monsoon, Monsoon and Retreating monsoon season. The analysis
of significance difference between larval duration of monsoon season and winter
season shows that, the larval duration was significantly higher in winter season than
monsoon, (P <0.001). Total life cycles duration of Common Crow was 30.5 ± 1.91 days
during monsoon, whereas, it was 61.12 ± 1.74 days in winter. The average leaf area
consumed by the fifth instars larvae was 1051.3 ± 79.7 mm during monsoon season,
whereas, it was 765 ± 35.4 mm during winter season. The consumption potential of
fifth instar larvae was 60-70% during winter and monsoon season.

KEY WORDS: Life cycle generations, consumption potential, common crow,

Hemidesmus indica

The biological studies of Nymphalid butterflies have specially from Assam (Kakati et al., 2005). It is
been done by various authors across the globes very essential to accomplish the knowledge of
(Hardy, 1951; Stride, 1956, 1958; Dethier, 1959; biology of the butterflies to be acquainted with its
Stern & Smith, 1960; Alexander, 1961; Stratman, host plant relationship, duration of its life cycles and
1962, Smith, 1975a, b; Brower et al., 1977; generation numbers in various geographical
Rosevere, 1978; Stanton, 1979, 1980, 1982; Stamp, locations. For biology and life cycle generation
1980; Brown, 1981; Cohen & Brower, 1982; studies, a Nymphalid butterfly species from median
Boppre, 1983; Clarke et al., 1983; Fukuda, 1983; distribution range (Common Crow-Euploea core
Ackery & Vane-Wright, 1984; Igarashi & Fukuda, core Cramer) was selected in the present
1997, 2000; Kakati et al., 2005), but very limited perspective. The Common Crow Euploea core core
published works are available from northeast India, Cramer belongs to the subfamily Daninae is a very