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C 76/76 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 11. 3.

98

The Commission has information on pilot projects dealing with the environmental impact of certain hazardous
substances, such as mercury or halogenated flame retardants, and their possible substitution.

2. a) On the basis of Article 1 Section 4 of Directive 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste (1) certain compositions
of halogenated flame retardants may be classified as hazardous waste. Article 8 of the Directive would apply to
those flame retardants which are qualified as hazardous waste. Article 8 foresees that Member States shall send
the Commission information on those establishments or undertakings which carry out disposal or recovery of
hazardous waste principally on behalf of third parties and which are likely to form part of the integrated network
referred to in Article 5 of Directive 75/442/EEC on waste (2).

Member States were obliged to provide information on these establishments by 12 December 1994. In spite of
this obligation the Commission has received very limited information on these installations so far. Only the
Netherlands, Germany, Finland and Spain provided respective information. None of the installations of these
Member States is specialized in the treatment of halogenated flame retardants.

Furthermore, the Commission does not have information on installations authorized to treat these materials.

2. b) In the absence of relevant information the Commission cannot judge whether enough such installations
exist.

(1) OJ L 377, 31.12.1991.


(2) OJ L 194, 25.7.1975.

(98/C 76/164) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2097/97


by Hiltrud Breyer (V) to the Commission
(19 June 1997)

Subject: Electronic scrap

1. a) What are the rules governing transport?

1. b) Do these rules prevent recycling where large quantities are involved, as those rules and the small number
of centralized installations create problems?

2. a) How much recycling is there of plastics?

2. b) What action does the Commission intend to take to channel valuable plastics into an industrial cycle?

Answer given by Mrs Bjerregaard on behalf of the Commission


(10 September 1997)

1. a) Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 governs the shipment of waste within, into and out of the Community (1).
Article 1.3a) of the Regulation stipulates that in general the provisions of the Regulation do not apply to
shipments of waste which are destined for recovery only and listed in Annex II (green list of wastes). Entry
GC 010 of Annex II comprises ‘Electrical assemblies consisting only of metals or alloys’. Entry GC 020
comprises ‘Electronic scrap (e.g. printed circuit boards, electronic components, wire, etc.) and reclaimed
electronic components suitable for base and precious metal recovery’. In the majority of the cases waste from
electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) falls under these entries. Therefore, in general the shipment of these
wastes is not subject to the provisions of the Regulation (EEC) No 259/93.

As an exception to this rule Article 1.3a) foresees that Article 11 of the Regulation also applies to shipments of
waste listed in Annex II destined for recovery. On the basis of this provision these shipments have to be
accompanied by information concerning the name and address of the holder, the usual commercial description of
the waste, the quantity of the waste, the name and address of the consignee, the operations involving recovery, as
listed in Annex II.B to Directive 75/442/EEC on waste (2), and the anticipated date of shipment.
11. 3. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 76/77

Two further exceptions to the general exemption of shipments of waste listed in Annex II and destined for
recovery from the Regulation (EEC) No 259/93 are:
− the introduction of Annex II which says that ‘regardless of whether or not wastes are included on this list,
they may not be moved as green wastes if they are contaminated by other materials to an extent which (a)
increases the risks associated with the waste sufficiently to render it appropriate for inclusion in the amber or
red lists, or (b) prevents the recovery of the waste in an environmentally sound manner’;
− the procedure designed for the shipment of waste from the amber or red list may also be applied to the
shipment of green list waste to countries which do not belong to the Organization for economic cooperation
and development (OECD) if the countries of import wish to have those procedures applied.

The application of the procedure for the shipment of waste of the amber list destined for recovery implies the
necessity of prior notification to the authorities as well as an authorization from these authorities. This
authorization may be given by implication. Under the red list procedure the authorization has to be given
explicitly.

In any case authorities may impose restrictions on import, transit and export for those wastes which are destined
for final disposal. This applies to all wastes regardless of their classification.

1. b) Generally, these rules do not prevent recycling where large quantities are involved. The shipment of
these wastes may be impeded in those cases where electrical or electronic appliances are contaminated. The
choice of the control procedure and possible restrictions to the shipment depends on the authorities of non-OECD
countries when wastes are shipped to these countries.

2. a) At present recycling of plastics is not very developed. One reason is that there is still not sufficient
material to ensure a steady supply for continued production.

2. b) The Commission is currently examining possibilities for the recycling of plastics.

(1) OJ L 30, 6.2.1993.


(2) OJ L 194, 25.7.1975.

(98/C 76/165) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2106/97


by Gérard Caudron (PSE) to the Commission
(23 June 1997)

Subject: Action plan for textiles

After a great deal of hesitation, the new French plan for the textile industry appears to have secured the backing
of the Commission.

However, industrialists and workers in the sector remain concerned about its implementation.

There are many who believe that, if it can adjust to current market conditions, the textile industry could be a key
sector of European industry.

It is widely appreciated, however, that special measures are needed to deal with the current conditions of
competition, which are sometimes unfair and unjust.

Will the Commission say what its intentions are in this field and report on the many consultations it held on this
subject in 1996?

Will it also say what special plans it has for the textile industry as part of a wider industrial strategy?