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11. 3.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 76/119

Can the Commission say whether dancing, theatre and folklore as instruments of cultural exchanges between
European nations are excluded from the category of initiatives covered by the Kaleidoscope programme?

Can it also say whether the funds allocated for the promotion of culture must be directed towards recipients
which are already adequately provided for under a number of initiatives or whether it might not be more
appropriate to target different regions and new cultural initiatives where the need to promote European culture is
felt more strongly?

Answer given by Mr Oreja on behalf of the Commission.

(12 September 1997)

Of a total of 198 projects submitted by a main organiser in Italy for the Kaleidoscope programme in 1997
19 projects (18, Action 1; and 1, Action 2) were selected for the sum of ECU 1 019 945, the second highest
amount in percentage terms in relation to total funding.

With specific reference to the Mezzogiorno, although only 4 projects were selected, this figure has to be
compared with the number of projects submitted and the number short-listed on the basis of the formal criteria
for the same region (38 and 23 respectively).

In other words, for the Mezzogiorno 17.39% of the projects short-listed were selected compared with only 12.5%
for Italy as a whole.

In order to improve the flow of information throughout the Member States where this level of imbalance still
exists to a greater or lesser extent, the Commission has proposed that a network of information relays be set up on
a voluntary basis in the Member States. Italy is one of the Member States which have accepted this offer.

Decision No 719/96/EC establishing a programme to support artistic and cultural activities having a European
dimension (Kaleidoscope) (1) clearly shows that the disciplines listed by the Honourable Member are in no way
excluded from the programme. Far from it. The Commission would emphasise that of a total of 128 projects in
1997, 41 focused on dance and theatre and 46 on music and opera. Moreover, five of these projects focused on
folklore, one of the many aspects of these disciplines.

Finally, the Commission would point out that the criteria for the selection of projects for this programme (based
on Article 128 of the EC Treaty), which are published in the Official Journal (2), are purely artistic and cultural
and do not give any priority to specific regions. This regional dimension is the prime concern of other
Community funds and policies, in particular regional policy.

(1) See in particular Article 2 and point 2(a) of Action 1 (description of the objectives and the areas of the arts covered by the programme):
OJ L 99, 20.4.1996.
() OJ C 298, 9.10.1996.

(98/C 76/228) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2517/97

by Gerhard Schmid (PSE) to the Commission
(22 July 1997)

Subject: Alternative to animal testing

The Fraunhofer Working Party on Toxicology and Environmental Medicine (ATU) in Hamburg, together with
the Techno Medical Gesellschaft für medizinische Technologie mbH in Castro-Rauxel, have developed a
process in which offal (pigs’ tails) is used for testing cosmetics, thus making animal testing unnecessary.

1. Is the Commission aware of this process?

2. Has it supported the project with European funding?

C 76/120 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 11. 3. 98

3. What is its view of the development results?

4. Does it consider that animal testing in the cosmetics industry will become unneccessary as a result?

5. Will it take this development into account in future regulations?

Answer given by Mr Bangemann on behalf of the Commission

(10 September 1997)

Hitherto the Commission has been unaware of the scope for using pig's tails as substitutes for experiments on live
animals in order to test the effectiveness of cosmetic products or their ingredients. It has therefore not been in a
position, by granting Community funding, to support the development of similar processes which could prove to
be alternative methods for the future. True to its well-known position regarding this matter the Commission is
keeping itself informed of any developments in this area which would spark alternative methods with a view to
their scientific validation by the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM), and then
to their acceptance by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development in accordance with the
spirit of Council Directive 93/35/EEC of 14 June 1993 amending, for the sixth time, Directive 76/768/EEC on the
approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to cosmetic products (1) which is aimed at the banning
of cosmetic-product experiments on animals.

(1) OJ L 151, 23.6.1993.

(98/C 76/229) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2526/97

by Panayotis Lambrias (PPE) to the Commission
(24 July 1997)

Subject: Illiteracy in Morocco

The illiteracy rate in Morocco is alarmingly high, particularly among the female population. What immediate
measures does the Commission intend to take within the framework of the MEDA agreements to contribute to
the gradual reduction of this alarming phenomenon? Has it notified the Moroccan Government of the need for
immediate and bold measures to establish compulsory education and to abolish discrimination against females,
as a precondition for EU-Moroccan cooperation and aid?

Answer given by Mr Marı́n on behalf of the Commission

(11 September 1997)

Coverage of basic educational needs in Morocco is extremely poor, being similar to that in some of the least
developed countries. Half the population is illiterate. Women and the rural population are particularly badly
affected (1) and this is a major obstacle to sustainable growth in Morocco. School attendance is compulsory in
Morocco and a satisfactory proportion of the central-government budget is allocated to education (2).

But access to education for the most disadvantaged sections of the population is made difficult by a number of
factors: shortage of resources for basic education; the internal inefficiency of the system, with excessive numbers
of badly managed and ill-trained personnel, run-down infrastructure, and unsuitable teaching systems; and
highly scattered homes in rural areas. The opportunity cost of school attendance (3) is also high for the poorest
families (more especially parents of girls in rural areas), which affects the demand for education. The problem,
therefore, is a complex one.

The Moroccan authorities − at the very highest level − realise how serious the situation is. Last year the king
appointed a national commission to make an overall assessment of the reforms needed by the education system
as a whole. The first concrete results were expected in October 1997.