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C 82/10 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 17. 3.

98

Supplementary answer
given by Mr Santer on behalf of the Commission
(24 September 1997)

The Honourable Member's question appears to concern the management costs associated with implementation of
Community-funded programmes and, in particular, the processing and analysis of applications, the monitoring of
implementation, and financial management of commitments and payments.

First, it should be noted that separate arrangements are made for each funded programme. There are no
management rules that apply to all the main policy areas. For instance, some funded programmes (e.g. research
and technological development, trans-European networks and culture) are implemented by the Commission
direct, while others (e.g. technical assistance under the Structural Funds) are implemented in partnership with
national or regional authorities. Still others (such as Socrates, Leonardo, Youth for Europe and town-twinning)
involve both public and private organisations and agencies. Private organisations are selected by tendering
procedure.

The Commission can provide examples showing the costs involved in the implementation of various
programmes. For example, at the Commission's initiative, the Structural Funds regulations set ceilings for
expenditure on support for technical assistance (technical assistance measures forming part of operations
part-financed by the Funds aside). The ceilings are: 0.5% for the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)
and the European Social Fund (ESF), 1% for the European Agriculture Guidance and Guarantee Fund (EAGGF)
and 2% for the Financial Instrument for Fisheries Guidance (FIFG).

However, the ceilings do not cover exactly the same categories of expenditure. In the case of the EAGGF and the
FIFG, they also apply to pilot projects, while the ESF is able to fund industrial-relations measures.

For more information on expenditure on studies and technical assistance funded by the Structural Funds, the
Honorary Member can consult Chapter I, point B.2 ‘Innovative measures and technical assistance’ of the 8th
Report on the Structural Funds (1996), which is currently going through the adoption procedure.

In 1997, 3% (ECU 11 million) of the ECU 346 million allocation for Socrates, Leonardo and Youth for Europe
was spent on the national agencies responsible for implementing the programmes. The Commission spent a
further ECU 13 million on the two technical assistance offices. This was charged to Part A of the budget.

Staffing and administrative costs for programmes in the field of research and technological development are
capped by the Council Decisions adopting them.

On average, these costs amounted to less than 6% of commitments in 1996. They vary depending on the type of
measures contained in the different programmes.

In the case of the enterprise policy, the cost of paying staff to run the assistance office for the Euro-Info Centres
amounted to ECU 740 000 in 1996 (around 4.5% of the total budget of ECU 16 million.)

(98/C 82/12) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1581/97


by Amedeo Amadeo (NI) to the Council
(12 May 1997)

Subject: The Dublin Declaration on Employment

The Declaration stresses once more that employment is an issue of major importance. It endorses the main
employment priorities decided on at Essen in December 1994, and makes specific recommendations on
improving the situation of European labour markets.
17. 3. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 82/11

Among the more vulnerable groups it includes unemployed women, unemployed youth and the long-term
unemployed (although experience has shown that, without any specific reference, measures for the long-term
unemployed tend to be targeted at young people).
It is deeply disappointing that older workers have not been included in the list of the more vulnerable groups
requiring assistance.
Can the Council explain why this is so and whether it is possible to rectify this omission?

Answer
(28 October 1997)
The Council does not agree with the Honourable Member’s assertion that the situation of unemployed old
workers is overhadowed in the Community’s social agenda.
The Honourable Member will know that one of the issues given priority by the common strategy for employment
in the European Union − which was launched at the Essen European Council meeting and confirmed and
amplified in the Dublin Declaration on Employment (December 1996) − is the situation of unemployed older
workers, as evidenced in the reaffirmed desire to combat long-term unemployment. This priority is explicitly
indicated in the Commission’s communication entitled “Action on Employment: A Confidence Pact” and in the
Joint Report on Employment which was submitted to the European Council in Dublin in December 1996.
Lastly, in Amsterdam on 16 June 1997 the European Council adopted a Resolution on growth and employment
and decided to hold an extraordinary summit in November 1997 on fighting unemployment, which should lend
fresh impetus to job creation. The Commission and the Council are invited, in cooperation with the EIB, to
prepare a progress report on the matter. Other European institutions, such as the European Parliament and the
Economic and Social Committee, are also working on contributions to the debate for the extraordinary European
Council meeting.

(98/C 82/13) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1592/97


by Susan Waddington (PSE) to the Council
(12 May 1997)
Subject: EUROPOL Convention
How do the Member States explain and justify the delay in the ratification of the Europol Convention, which is
hampering the fight against the sexual exploitation of children?

(98/C 82/14) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2019/97


by Iñigo Méndez de Vigo (PPE) to the Council
(18 June 1997)
Subject: Europol Convention
Mrs Gradin, the Commissioner responsible for internal affairs and justice, has made a number of statements
calling on the Member States to ratify the Europol Convention as soon as possible.
Can the Council say whether ratification is being envisaged in the future?

Joint answer
to Written Questions E-1592/97 and E-2019/97
(16 October 1997)
Member States have committed themselves to endeavour to have the Convention ratified before the end of 1997.
So far the United Kingdom has ratified the Convention. Several other ratifications are imminent. The
K4 Committee within the Council will regularly review the state of ratification.
The Council notes that the enlarged mandate of the European Drugs Unit allows already action by this body with
regard to the fights against trafficking in human beings.