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17. 3.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 82/53

(98/C 82/96) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2297/97


by John Iversen (PSE) to the Commission
(2 July 1997)

Subject: Pesticides

With reference to the debate on the authorization of pesticides pursuant to Directive 91/414/EEC (1) of
15 July 1991, will the Commission provide, as soon as possible, the list of pesticides which the committee of
experts has thought to assess?

(1) OJ L 230, 19.8.1991, p. 1.

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission


(9 September 1997)

Annex I to Regulation (EEC) No 3600/92 laying down the detailed rules for the implementation of the first stage
of the programme of work referred to in Article 8(2) of Council Directive 91/414/EEC concerning the placing of
plant protection products on the market (1), which lists the 90 active substances already on the market at
25 July 1993, is currently under review by the Commission under that Regulation.

The Commission is sending the list of new active substances (not yet on the market at 25 July 1993) also being
examined under Articles 5 and 6 of Directive 91/414/EEC directly to the Honourable Member and the Parliament
Secretariat.

(1) OJ L 366, 15.12.1992.

(98/C 82/97) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2301/97


by Patricia McKenna (V) to the Commission
(3 July 1997)

Subject: EU subsidies for nuclear energy and fossil fuels

A recent Greenpeace report showed that the EU and Western European governments have spent over
US$60 billion since 1992 in support subsidies for the fossil fuel and nuclear industries. In the same year EU
countries signed the Rio Declaration, pledging themselves to work to protect the world’s climate.

By contrast, the EU has spent US$1.5 billion on subsidies for renewable energy sources, such as wind power and
solar energy.

According to the World Energy Council around US$15 billion could make the entire solar renewable energy
industry cost-competitive with the nuclear and fossil fuel industries.

Can the Commission outline what measures it will take to ensure that EU subsidies encourage the development
of renewable energies and are used to phase out more polluting industries, so that the EU’s international
obligations, such as those made at Rio, can be honoured?

Answer given by Mr Papoutsis on behalf of the Commission


(16 September 1997)

The Commission would draw the Honourable Member’s attention to the fact that the aid shown in the
Greenpeace report is of very different types. The aid given to the coal industry is national production aid. The aid
given to the nuclear industry is aid for research, principally on safeguards. The aid given in the field of renewable
energy sources is for research and the development and marketing of these forms of energy. It is therefore
difficult to compare the different types of aid.
C 82/54 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 17. 3. 98

The measures envisaged by the Commission to stimulate the market penetration of renewable sources of energy
are described in the Green Paper entitled ‘Energy for the future: renewable sources of energy’ (1). Following the
public discussion of the Green Paper, the Commission is now drafting a White Paper on the same subject which
will cover possible political and financial measures to promote the use of renewable energy sources, whose
contribution to energy supply could increase from its present level of 6% to 12% by the year 2010.

In April 1997, the Commission furthermore put forward a proposal to continue and develop the activities being
funded under the Altener programme (2), which is specifically aimed at promoting the market penetration of
renewable energy sources. The Community also grants aid for research and technological development in the
field of renewable energy sources.

The promotion of renewable energy sources and other measures to achieve a substantial reduction in CO2 are also
very important as part of the Community’s international obligations, such as those made in Rio.

(1) COM (96) 576.


(2) COM (97) 87 final.

(98/C 82/98) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2303/97


by José Valverde López (PPE) to the Commission
(3 July 1997)

Subject: Funding of radio programmes to promote Community agricultural policies

Could the Commission say what agricultural information campaigns are being conducted in Spain (radio
programmes being funded, objectives and budget allocated)?

Answer given by Mr Oreja on behalf of the Commission


(12 September 1997)

There are five sectors in the field of agriculture in which the Commission funds promotion programmes, notably
radio advertising. The products in question are milk, grape juice and linen, for which the Community grants
100% funding, and apples, citrus fruit and beef, which receive 60% Community funding. Details of the two most
recent ‘radio’ campaigns in Spain are being sent direct to the Honourable Member and to Parliament's
Secretariat.

There is no radio advertising in Spain for the olive oil sector, only television and press advertising.

(98/C 82/99) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2304/97


by José Valverde López (PPE) to the Commission
(3 July 1997)

Subject: Better provision of information concerning programmes and pilot schemes

It has recently been reported in the press that the Premià de Mar (Catalonia, Spain) local council has installed
photovoltaic street lighting, although it was apparently unaware of the EU’s alternative energy promotion
programmes. This example could be followed by many local councils if the Commission provided more
information about its programmes to a wider audience.

What action is the Commission planning to take to encourage the use of alternative energy sources in order to
achieve the objective called for by Parliament, whereby alternative sources would account for 15% of energy use
by 2010?