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C 82/54 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 17. 3.


The measures envisaged by the Commission to stimulate the market penetration of renewable sources of energy
are described in the Green Paper entitled ‘Energy for the future: renewable sources of energy’ (1). Following the
public discussion of the Green Paper, the Commission is now drafting a White Paper on the same subject which
will cover possible political and financial measures to promote the use of renewable energy sources, whose
contribution to energy supply could increase from its present level of 6% to 12% by the year 2010.

In April 1997, the Commission furthermore put forward a proposal to continue and develop the activities being
funded under the Altener programme (2), which is specifically aimed at promoting the market penetration of
renewable energy sources. The Community also grants aid for research and technological development in the
field of renewable energy sources.

The promotion of renewable energy sources and other measures to achieve a substantial reduction in CO2 are also
very important as part of the Community’s international obligations, such as those made in Rio.

(1) COM (96) 576.

(2) COM (97) 87 final.

(98/C 82/98) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2303/97

by José Valverde López (PPE) to the Commission
(3 July 1997)

Subject: Funding of radio programmes to promote Community agricultural policies

Could the Commission say what agricultural information campaigns are being conducted in Spain (radio
programmes being funded, objectives and budget allocated)?

Answer given by Mr Oreja on behalf of the Commission

(12 September 1997)

There are five sectors in the field of agriculture in which the Commission funds promotion programmes, notably
radio advertising. The products in question are milk, grape juice and linen, for which the Community grants
100% funding, and apples, citrus fruit and beef, which receive 60% Community funding. Details of the two most
recent ‘radio’ campaigns in Spain are being sent direct to the Honourable Member and to Parliament's

There is no radio advertising in Spain for the olive oil sector, only television and press advertising.

(98/C 82/99) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2304/97

by José Valverde López (PPE) to the Commission
(3 July 1997)

Subject: Better provision of information concerning programmes and pilot schemes

It has recently been reported in the press that the Premià de Mar (Catalonia, Spain) local council has installed
photovoltaic street lighting, although it was apparently unaware of the EU’s alternative energy promotion
programmes. This example could be followed by many local councils if the Commission provided more
information about its programmes to a wider audience.

What action is the Commission planning to take to encourage the use of alternative energy sources in order to
achieve the objective called for by Parliament, whereby alternative sources would account for 15% of energy use
by 2010?
17. 3. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 82/55

Answer given by Mr Papoutsis on behalf of the Commission

(16 September 1997)

The Commission is following several lines of action to promote renewable energies.

Regarding the case evoked by the Honourable Member, several instruments devised to disseminate information
on Community programmes and renewable energy technologies are operating nationally and at regional level in
− the OPET (Organisations for the Promotion of Energy Technology) network, which includes the IDAE
(Instituto para la Diversificación y Ahorro de la Energı́a) and the ICAEN (Institut Català d'Energia);
− the EnR (national energy agencies) network, which includes the IDAE;
− FEDERANE (Federation of regional energy agencies), which includes the ICAEN.

Catalonia also has a number of urban energy agencies which obtained Community support in setting themselves
up, including Maresme and the City of Barcelona.

The Commission also considers that the dissemination of information needs to be stepped up and improved, and
to that end has already begun work to develop a global information strategy for renewable energies. More
specifically, in response to Parliament's resolution on the Green Paper on renewable source of energy (1), it has
already started working towards setting up a single centre for the gathering and dissemination of information on
renewable energy.

(1) Doc COM(96) 576.

(98/C 82/100) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2315/97

by Anita Pollack (PSE) to the Commission
(3 July 1997)

Subject: Appliance energy efficiency

What action has the Commission taken to develop mandatory standards for domestic appliance energy

Answer given by Mr Papoutsis on behalf of the Commission

(16 September 1997)

The Commission has developed a strategy to improve efficiency of domestic appliances, which includes
measures concerning both manufacturers and consumers. The Commission has taken action to establish
minimum efficiency standards for all major energy using domestic appliances.

The Commission started this process with refrigerators and freezers, the single largest consuming domestic
appliances. Following a Commission proposal, Directive 96/57/EC (1) of the Parliament and of the Council of
3 September 1996 on energy efficiency requirements for household electric refrigerators, freezers and
combinations thereof was adopted to enforce mandatory standards as from September 1999.

For washing machines, televisions and videorecorders, following studies and expert recommendations, it was
decided that the best measure to achieve efficiency improvements was for manufacturers to negotiate agreements
to improve efficiency of appliances put on the market. Two agreements, currently under negotiation, will result
in a efficiency improvement of 20% and start on 1 January 1998. The Commission is of the opinion that these
agreements will be more effective than directives for minimum efficiency standards for these appliances, given
the high flexibility offered by negotiated agreements and the short time to adopt them.