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17. 3.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 82/117

From the point of view of environmental protection (protection of groundwater, muck-spreading plans), there are
no specific Community rules regarding trade in chicken droppings. National rules therefore apply, subject to the
general Community rules on the matter.

The Commission has just learned of the main points of this case, which it will not fail to examine, if necessary,
under the procedure provided for in Article 169 of the EC treaty.

(1) OJ L 62 of 15.3.1993.

(98/C 82/192) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2623/97


by Christine Oddy (PSE) to the Commission
(1 September 1997)

Subject: Mordechai Vanunu

Mordechai Vanunu has been in solitary confinement in an Israeli prison for over ten years. His abduction in Italy
in 1986 by the Israel secret police is widely condemned and his subsequent treatment is out of all proportion to
any threat that he poses to Israeli national security.

What does the Commission propose to do to encourage the Israeli Government to recognize that ten years’
solitary confinement is cruel and inhuman punishment, amounting to torture, and that his release is long
overdue?

Answer given by Mr Marin on behalf of the Commission


(30 September 1997)

The Commission is aware that Mr. Vanunu's imprisonment conditions have not changed since he was sentenced
and would certainly view favourably any change aiming at a more ordinary prison regime. In this regard, the
Commission shares the view that Mr. Vanunu's imprisonment in solitary confinement no longer seems to serve
the purpose of preventing him from publicizing information which is sensitive for Israel.

The issue of human rights in Israel is regularly raised by the Community for discussion as appropriate during
contacts with Israeli authorities.

The completion of the process of ratification of the Euro-Mediterranean association agreement establishing a
framework of political dialogue with Israel will enable the Community as a whole, and the Commission as such,
to exercise a higher degree of positive influence regarding all human rights-related issues, including that of the
imprisonment of Mr. Vanunu. In this regard, it should be noted that the agreement includes a human rights clause
that stipulates that respect for human rights constitutes an essential element of the agreement.

(98/C 82/193) WRITTEN QUESTION P-2628/97


by Roberta Angelilli (NI) to the Commission
(22 July 1997)

Subject: ‘Development mission’ organized by Rome City Council in Corviale

In 1995 Rome City Council, after consulting ‘IG Società per l’Imprenditorialità Giovanile spa’ (a consultancy
firm dealing with the establishment of businesses by young people) launched a research project designed to
promote new business activity in a poor outlying district of Rome called Corviale. This project, referred to as a
‘development mission’, should of course have resulted in the financing of the best business projects put forward
by local young people, with the aid of advice from IG.
C 82/118 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 17. 3. 98

However, after IG had carried out the work it was contracted to do, selecting the best projects, Rome City
Council did not grant any funding, leaving the young would-be business people disappointed and wasting the
money spent by the government on the ‘development mission’.

Now, two years after Rome City Council’s abortive project, can the Commission say:

1. whether over-ambitious and ineffective projects such as this go against both common sense and the
conclusions recently reached in Europe concerning support for employment and firms in disadvantaged
districts of big cities, which recommend practical, innovative and immediate measures which can be
reproduced on a large scale;

2. whether the Commission’s recent communication adopting a ‘special framework’ for State aid to firms on
the outskirts of large cities is applicable to Corviale, or whether, as a result of that communication, it will
finally be possible to fund the business projects which were selected in Corviale, but were never carried out;

3. whether it knows of similar projects successfully carried out on the outskirts of other European capitals?

Answer given by Mr Van Miert on behalf of the Commission

(11 September 1997)

The guidelines on state aid for undertakings in deprived urban areas, (1) adopted by the Commission on
2 October 1996, lay down rules for identifying urban districts which can be classed as deprived urban areas
eligible for state aid subject to certain conditions and ceilings. Under Article 93(3) of the EC Treaty, Member
States are required to inform the Commission of any such plans they may have and to obtain its approval.

As regards the Corviale district of Rome, the subject of the Honourable Member's question, the Commission has
not yet received any notification from the Italian Government and has no knowledge of any project in this
district. As for the projects examined by ‘IG Società per l'Imprenditorialità Giovanile Spa', the Commission lacks
sufficient information to be able to judge whether they are compatible with the guidelines in question. Under
Article 93(3) of the EC Treaty, it is the responsibility of the Italian Government to notify the Commission
accordingly.

(1) OJ C 146, 14.5.1997.

(98/C 82/194) WRITTEN QUESTION P-2633/97

by Georg Jarzembowski (PPE) to the Commission

(22 July 1997)

Subject: Freedom of movement of German exchange students in France

German students encounter considerable difficulty when organizing a period of study at a French university and
during their stay there. They are, for example, required to pay fees for residence certificates (FF 150 in
Bordeaux), to present certified translations of all documents, the validity of which is, moreover, limited to three
months, and to name guarantors resident in France. The Amiens prefecture even demanded of one female student
proof that she was single. In the hostel of the University of Amiens foreign exchange students pay FF 300 more
rent than French students. Although the authorities’ administrative practices vary as regards formalities required
in France, the mobility of students is hampered by such practices in some départements. It is inconsistent with the
objectives pursued with the SOCRATES programme and, where fees are demanded, in direct contravention of
Article 8a(1) of the EC Treaty and Directive 90/366/EEC (1) on the right of residence for students.