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C 82/122 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 17. 3.


fair trading, the price differential between the tied lessee and the individual free-house operator. Accordingly this
examination has focused, in the case of Inntrepreneur, on the whole network of its leases. For this reason the
Commission has concentrated on the average differential between tied and free trade prices as charged directly
by Courage, now Scottish Courage. The same averaging has also been used concerning any countervailing

Any claims made by Inntrepreneur will be thoroughly checked, and will be only taken into account insofar as the
typical free trade operator has no access to the same kind of benefit. In this regard, the new Inntrepreneur
RetailLink scheme, which has been introduced following the announcement by the Department of trade and
industry of its agreement to release Inntrepreneur from the obligations in earlier undertakings, constitutes an
important change in the circumstances of price discrimination and countervailing benefits prevailing previously.
Inntrepreneur notified this new purchasing agreement in March 1997.

The Commission hopes to make its provisional position known in the forthcoming weeks.

(1) OJ L 173, 30.6.1983.

(98/C 82/199) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2651/97

by Roberto Mezzaroma (UPE) to the Commission
(1 September 1997)

Subject: Single currency coins

On 9 June 1997 ECOFIN, the Council of Finance Ministers, of Finance approved the draft regulation on the
denominations and technical specifications of euro coins; this proposal for a regulation, which was also endorsed
by the recent Amsterdam Summit, would completely preclude the use of stainless steel.

Stainless steel offers the following advantages:

1. economic: a saving of over ECU 300 million would be made, taking into account only the three
intermediate-denomination coins (0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 euro),
2. technical: the material lends itself to coin production, maintains appearance and shape, and is suitable for
vending machines,
3. health: the stainless steels used in the coins produced by the Mints of the principal Member States present no
risk to public health;
4. recyclability: the proportion of scrap steel used in the manufacture of stainless steel is about 80%, and the
product is 100% recyclable;
5. ecological: stainless steel products do not present any risk to the environment;
6. supply: there would be no problems with regard to the production of the euro coins (c. 300 000 tonnes).

What are the initiatives and reasons which have narrowed down the choice so far to coins containing copper or
copper alloys and completely ruled out the use of stainless steel, which is a typically European product (with
Europe accounting for 44% of world output)?

Answer given by Mr de Silguy on behalf of the Commission

(23 September 1997)

On 29 May 1997 the Commission adopted a proposal for a Regulation on denominations and technical
specifications of euro coins (1) which was agreed in principle by the Council meeting (Economic and Financial
Affairs) held on 9 June. This proposal is the result of the preparatory work which has been carried out by the mint
directors of the Member States since 1994 and of the intensive consultations with user groups (consumers, the
visually handicapped and the blind, and the vending machines industry).

The materials chosen satisfy a number of technical, public health and security considerations, among others.
17. 3. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 82/123

The choice of materials is based on the results of numerous tests carried out on a wide range of materials, one of
which was stainless steel. The availability of adequate production capacities for the materials adopted was also

Stainless steel is not one of the materials proposed, mainly because it did not satisfy all the security criteria
required and because of the high production costs resulting from the wear on the production equipment.

(1) OJ 208, 9.7.1997.

(98/C 82/200) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2653/97

by Ursula Schleicher (PPE) to the Commission
(1 September 1997)

Subject: Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste

1. Does the Commission have an overview of the recycling quotas now achieved for glass, plastic, paper and
cardboard (including composite materials), metal, wood and other materials in the Member States of the
European Union?

2. Which Member States, apart from Germany, have adopted recycling quotas going beyond the requirements
of Directive 94/62/EC (1)?

(1) OJ L 365, 31.12.1994, p. 10.

Answer given by Mrs Bjerregaard on behalf of the Commission

(22 September 1997)

1. At the moment the Commission does not have in its possession any reliable information concerning the
recycling and upgrading rates achieved by all of the Community's Member States. Those data that are available
are somewhat sparse. Thus the statistical compendium compiled by the European Environment Agency in 1995,
in connection with the first report on the state of the environment in Europe (1), includes a chapter on waste where
it is possible to find some relevant information on the matter (2). An updated version of this report is to be
published in 1998. It should also be pointed out that the Commission (Eurostat) is currently preparing a draft
regulation on waste statistics which should make it possible to ensure that there is a suitable acquisition of data
covering all of the aspects of this sector.

Article 12 of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste provides that Member States shall take all
necessary action to ensure that databases on packaging and packaging waste are set up in a harmonised manner
where this is not already the case in order to help enable the Member States and the Commission to monitor the
achievement of the aims laid down by the Directive.

For this purpose the Commission on 3 February 1997 adopted, under Article 12 of Directive 94/62/EC, a decision
introducing tables corresponding to the database system referred to in Article 12 of the Directive (3). Those tables
are to be filled in annually. 1997 will be the first year covered by this information system.

2. Under Article 6(1) of Directive 94/62/EC Member States shall take any action needed in order to ensure
that, throughout their territory and by 31 June 2001 at the latest, between at least 50% and at the most 65% by
weight of packaging waste is upgraded and between 25% at least and 45% at the most by weight of all packaging
material forming part of packaging waste is recycled, with a minimum of 15% by weight of each packaging

Article 6(5) of the Directive also provides that Greece, Ireland and Portugal may decide, for the same date, to
achieve aims that are lower than those set out in paragraph 1 while nevertheless achieving 25% as regards
upgrading. This is due to their particular situation, i.e. respectively: the large number of small islands, the
presence of rural and mountainous areas and the low level of packaging consumption. Those Member States may
also decide to postpone the achievement of the aims referred to in paragraph 1 to a subsequent date which,
however, must not go beyond 31 December 2005.