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17. 3.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 82/123

The choice of materials is based on the results of numerous tests carried out on a wide range of materials, one of
which was stainless steel. The availability of adequate production capacities for the materials adopted was also

Stainless steel is not one of the materials proposed, mainly because it did not satisfy all the security criteria
required and because of the high production costs resulting from the wear on the production equipment.

(1) OJ 208, 9.7.1997.

(98/C 82/200) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2653/97

by Ursula Schleicher (PPE) to the Commission
(1 September 1997)

Subject: Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste

1. Does the Commission have an overview of the recycling quotas now achieved for glass, plastic, paper and
cardboard (including composite materials), metal, wood and other materials in the Member States of the
European Union?

2. Which Member States, apart from Germany, have adopted recycling quotas going beyond the requirements
of Directive 94/62/EC (1)?

(1) OJ L 365, 31.12.1994, p. 10.

Answer given by Mrs Bjerregaard on behalf of the Commission

(22 September 1997)

1. At the moment the Commission does not have in its possession any reliable information concerning the
recycling and upgrading rates achieved by all of the Community's Member States. Those data that are available
are somewhat sparse. Thus the statistical compendium compiled by the European Environment Agency in 1995,
in connection with the first report on the state of the environment in Europe (1), includes a chapter on waste where
it is possible to find some relevant information on the matter (2). An updated version of this report is to be
published in 1998. It should also be pointed out that the Commission (Eurostat) is currently preparing a draft
regulation on waste statistics which should make it possible to ensure that there is a suitable acquisition of data
covering all of the aspects of this sector.

Article 12 of Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste provides that Member States shall take all
necessary action to ensure that databases on packaging and packaging waste are set up in a harmonised manner
where this is not already the case in order to help enable the Member States and the Commission to monitor the
achievement of the aims laid down by the Directive.

For this purpose the Commission on 3 February 1997 adopted, under Article 12 of Directive 94/62/EC, a decision
introducing tables corresponding to the database system referred to in Article 12 of the Directive (3). Those tables
are to be filled in annually. 1997 will be the first year covered by this information system.

2. Under Article 6(1) of Directive 94/62/EC Member States shall take any action needed in order to ensure
that, throughout their territory and by 31 June 2001 at the latest, between at least 50% and at the most 65% by
weight of packaging waste is upgraded and between 25% at least and 45% at the most by weight of all packaging
material forming part of packaging waste is recycled, with a minimum of 15% by weight of each packaging

Article 6(5) of the Directive also provides that Greece, Ireland and Portugal may decide, for the same date, to
achieve aims that are lower than those set out in paragraph 1 while nevertheless achieving 25% as regards
upgrading. This is due to their particular situation, i.e. respectively: the large number of small islands, the
presence of rural and mountainous areas and the low level of packaging consumption. Those Member States may
also decide to postpone the achievement of the aims referred to in paragraph 1 to a subsequent date which,
however, must not go beyond 31 December 2005.
C 82/124 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 17. 3. 98

Belgium, Spain, France, Ireland, Italy, Austria, Sweden and the United Kingdom have set upgrading and
recycling aims in one form or another within their means of transposing Directive 94/62+EEC in order to achieve
the result required by Article 6. Belgium and Austria have asked the Commission for an authorisation to exceed
the maximum targets provided for in Article 6(1) of the Directive. Scope for this is provided by Article 6(6) of the
Directive. The Commission has so far not taken any decision.

The Commission has been notified by Finland, the Netherlands and Portugal of draft regulations laying down the
upgrading and recycling rates. The draft Finnish and Portuguese measures have still not been adopted. The Dutch
authorities have still not informed the Commission of the adoption of their draft.

The Commission is unaware of any upgrading and recycling targets laid down in the Danish national legislation
transposing Directive 94/62/EC.

Greece and Luxembourg have still not transposed the Directive and, to the Commission's knowledge, have not
set any packaging waste upgrading or recycling targets.

(1) Europe'e environment statistical compendium for the Dobris assessment (ISBN 92-827-4713-1).
(2) See pages 282-285.
(3) Commission Decision of 3 February 1997 introducing tables corresponding to the system of databases in accordance with Parliament and
Council Directive 94/62/EC on packaging and packaging waste (OJ L 52, 22.2.1997).

(98/C 82/201) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2661/97

by Patricia McKenna (V) to the Council
(1 September 1997)

Subject: Need to incorporate conventions of the International Labour Organization into the World Trade

Solidar, the alliance of non-governmental organizations working on worker and trade union rights, has launched
a campaign urging the incorporation of seven key conventions of the International Labour Organization (ILO)
into the World Trade Organization (WTO).

The conventions are aimed at protecting fundamental rights in the workplace, including the right to join a trade
union, the right not to be subject to slavery or forced labour, the right to one’s own childhood and the right not to
be subject to negative discrimination on grounds of sex, race, religion, ethnic or political opinions.

Does the Council support the proposals made by Solidar? Will it work so that the WTO commits itself to
respecting worker and trade union rights along the lines suggested?

(28 October 1997)

The first WTO Ministerial Conference held in Singapore from 9 to 13 December 1996 studied at length the
problem of fundamental labour standards. In this context, the Council would remind the Honourable Member
that the final declaration adopted by that Conference with the European Union’s approval established clearly that
the ILO was the competent body for setting and dealing with such standards. The declaration pointed out
however that the WTO and ILO Secretariats “will continue their existing cooperation”.

(98/C 82/202) WRITTEN QUESTION P-2663/97

by Eryl McNally (PSE) to the Commission
(25 July 1997)

Subject: Rational Planning Techniques in the Electricity and Gas Distribution Sectors

What has happened to the Rational Planning Techniques Directive?