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3. 4.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 102/7

In addition, the Council has adopted Regulation (EC) No 825/95 on the grant of Community financial assistance
worth ECU 400 million to Portugal for the period 1995-1999 for a specific programme for the modernization of
the Portuguese textile and clothing industry, which honours the Council’s undertaking towards Portugal and
reflects its concern to create the conditions for minimizing the problems to which the Community’s poorest
regions are exposed.

(98/C 102/09) WRITTEN QUESTION E-1967/97


by Edith Müller (V) to the Council
(10 June 1997)

Subject: Cooperation between EU and UN

The European Union, and its Member States, spend a lot of money every year to cooperate with the UN. It is in
the citizens’ interest to know what we get for this money.
1. What representation does the EU or its Member States have in the different UN bodies, specified body by
body?
2. How much does each Member State contribute per year? If possible, please specify how these contributions
are distributed among the different UN bodies.

Answer
(21 November 1997)

1. European Union representation in UN bodies matches the arrangements provided for in Article J.5 (“the
Presidency shall represent the Union in matters coming within the common foreign and security policy” and
“shall in principle express the position of the Union in international organizations”) and Article J.2(3) (“Member
States shall coordinate their action in international organizations” and “shall uphold the common positions in
such forums”) of the Treaty on European Union. The Presidency is assisted by the Council General Secretariat,
which has liaison offices in both New York and Geneva. The Treaty further provides that “Member States which
are also members of the United Nations Security Council will concert and keep the other Member States fully
informed. Member States which are permanent members of the Security Council will, in the execution of their
functions, ensure the defence of the positions and the interests of the Union, without prejudice to their
responsibilities under the provisions of the United Nations Charter”.

The European Community, represented by the Commission, is an observer at the UN for matters within its ambit.
It is a member of some specialized agencies, such as the FAO.

The Member States play an active part in the main UN bodies and in the many specialized agencies. Two
Member States of the EU are permanent members of the Security Council and two others are currently
non-permanent members. All EU Member States are represented in the General Assembly. Eight Member States
currently belong to the Economic and Social Council.

All the EU Member States are also members of the UN’s specialized agencies.

2. The contributions made by each Member State to the UN’s ordinary budget are not broken down by agency
and the budget is allocated among the Secretariat’s departments according to the tasks they have been assigned.

By way of illustration, aggregate 1997 contributions by EU Member States account for 35.4 % of the UN’s
ordinary budget and 37.9 % of its budget for peacekeeping operations. The Honourable Member will find
attached a detailed breakdown of figures by Member State. EU Member States further participate, under different
formulae, in the various UN programmes and agencies. The aforementioned figures do not reflect “cooperation
between EU and UN”, but participation by EU Member States in the United Nations.
C 102/8 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 3. 4. 98

3. The European Union as such may also contribute on a voluntary basis to United Nations activities that
accord with the goals of the Treaty on European Union, particularly through joint actions. Thus is contributed,
for example, to the UN special Fund for Zaire (Joint Action of 11 November 1996 in support of the democratic
transition process in Zaire) and the UN Voluntary Trust Fund for assistance in mine clearance (Joint Action of
1 October 1996 on anti-personnel landmines, Joint Action of 12 May 1995 on anti-personnel mines and Decision
of 25 March 1996 complementing that Joint Action) (1).

ANNEX

The UN’s biennal budget for 1996-1997 amounts to $ 2,6 billion.

EU Member States contribute to the 1997 budget as follows (%):

Ordinary Peacekeeping
budget budget

Austria 0,87 0,871


Belgium 1,01 1,011
Denmark 0,72 0,721
Finland 0,62 0,621
France 6,42 7,925
Germany 9,06 9,066
Greece 0,38 0,209
Ireland 0,21 0,210
Italy 5,25 5,254
Luxembourg 0,07 o,070
Netherlands 1,59 1,591
Portugal 0,28 0,196
Spain 2,38 2,382
Sweden 1,23 1,231
United Kingdom 5,32 6,568

35,41 37,926

(1) Decision 96/656/CFSP (OJ L 300, 25.11.1996, p. 1), Decision 96/588/CFSP (OJ L 260, 12.10.1996, p. 1), Decision 95/170/CFSP
(OJ L 115, 22.5.1995, p. 1) and Decision 96/25/CFSP (OJ L 87, 4.4.1996, p. 3).

(98/C 102/10) WRITTEN QUESTION E-2000/97


by Caroline Jackson (PPE) to the Commission
(9 June 1997)

Subject: EC aid granted to Bath and North East Somerset since June 1994

What is the total amount of Community aid granted to the area of Bath and North East Somerset, since June 1994,
under:
1. the European Social Fund
2. the Fourth Research Framework Programme
3. Community programmes in the environment and energy fields
4. the EAGGF, Guidance and Guarantee sections
5. other Community Programmes?