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3. 4.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 102/163

This has been the case with all questions concerning the introduction of the single currency, for example as
regards the search for a common position on the part of consumers and retailers on delicate matters such as
parallel listing of prices, the date for the switch-over to the physical currency and, in general, the preparation of
sales outlets for the provision of assistance to consumers. In the same way, the legal framework of payment cards
has been the subject of exchanges of views between the two committees.

For that reason, the Commission does not consider it useful to set up a new committee. On the other hand, the
Commission intends to continue the dialogue between consumers and businesses which started in December
1996. To this end, talks are under way between the Commission, the Union of Industrial and Employers'
Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European Bureau of Consumers' Unions (EBCU) and Eurocommerce,
with a view to defining the framework for sharing information and improving awareness of the questions of
common interest.

(98/C 102/244) WRITTEN QUESTION E-3078/97


by Jesús Cabezón Alonso (PSE) to the Commission
(2 October 1997)

Subject: US extra-territorial laws

What stage has been reached in cooperation between the European Union and the United States with a view to
reaching a clear understanding on the need for the US to repeal or desist from implementing its extra-territorial
laws?

Answer given by Sir Leon Brittan on behalf of the Commission


(21 October 1997)

An example of the Community's efforts to convince the United States to cease to resort to legislation with
extraterritorial effects is the understanding reached between the Community and the United States on 11 April
1997 on the dispute between the Community and the United States on the Helms-Burton and D'Amato Acts
adopted by the United States. This legislation has extraterritorial effects in that it has the intention or effect of
influencing the behaviour of companies in the Community because of their involvement in Cuba, Libya or Iran.

Under this understanding, the Community agreed to suspend the World trade organization (WTO) panel
procedure which it had initiated against the United States because of its Helms-Burton legislation. On the United
States side, there is a presumption of the continuation of the waiver of Title III and a commitment to work with
the Congress to permit a waiver under Title IV of the Helms-Burton Act. On D'Amato, the United States has
agreed to work with the Community toward the objectives of meeting the terms for granting the Community a
waiver.

At the same time, the understanding calls for the Community and the United States to develop disciplines which
should inhibit and deter the future acquisition of investments from any state which has expropriated or
nationalised such investments in contravention of international law, and subsequent dealings in covered
investments. In addition, and in parallel, the understanding also calls for the Community and the United States to
work together to address and resolve through agreed principles the issue of conflicting jurisdictions and
secondary investment boycotts with extraterritorial effects.

(98/C 102/245) WRITTEN QUESTION E-3081/97


by Nikitas Kaklamanis (UPE) to the Commission
(2 October 1997)

Subject: Violation by Turkey of its international commitments

Having signed the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 concerning special status for the islands of Imbroz and Tenedos
giving them a degree of autonomy and local self-government, Turkey has consistently disregarded its
C 102/164 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 3. 4. 98

commitments and, immediately after signing the Treaty, commenced a wave of persecutions of ethnic Greeks
who had inhabited the islands uninterruptedly for centuries. The measures taken included confiscating arable
land belonging to Greeks, one example being the compulsory ‘purchase’ of 800 hectares at a price of TL 2 per 10
ares from 900 Greeks in the village of Schinoudi on the island of Imbroz.

The Turkish Government also built a penitentiary for long-term prisoners who terrorized the inhabitants, a tactic
which fully achieved its purpose in that only 230 elderly Greeks remained on Imbroz and far fewer on the island
of Tenedos.

Following this ‘success’ the penitentiaries ceased to function in 1992 ...

When did the Commission raise with Turkey the question of its obligations regarding the Treaty of Lausanne to
which it is a signatory? What was Turkey’s reply and what view does the Commission take of the recent
statement by the Turkish Foreign Minister, Mr Cem, that Turkey refuses to refer the issue regarding the islet of
Imia to the International Court of Justice at The Hague?

Answer given by Mr Van den Broek on behalf of the Commission


(7 November 1997)

The matter in question does not come within its jurisdiction of the Commission (which is unfortunately unable to
supply the information requested).

(98/C 102/246) WRITTEN QUESTION E-3085/97


by José Apolinário (PSE) to the Commission
(2 October 1997)

Subject: Free gifts in foodstuffs

Has any legislation been passed on the inclusion of free gifts in foodstuffs aimed at children?

If not, does the Commission intend to take any action in this respect?

Answer given by Mrs Bonino on behalf of the Commission


(5 November 1997)

The Commission would refer the Honourable Member to its answer to Written Question E-2479 by
Mr Whitehead (1).

(1) OJ C 82, 17.3.1998, p. 89.

(98/C 102/247) WRITTEN QUESTION P-3088/97


by Roberto Mezzaroma (UPE) to the Commission
(19 September 1997)

Subject: Catholic church in Russia

I have learnt from reliable sources that Russian President Boris Yeltsin is about to sign a law approved by the
Duma on 23 June and by the Council senators on 4 July 1997 which will reduce the Catholic church to a simple
sect with very limited rights.