# Logical Reasoning

1.[(x)power1/3]+[(x)power1/9]=60 3 marks ans take .[(x)power1/3]=a then form the eqation a+a(power2)=60 2.a cube is painted in 27 cubes. Find the number of cubes with 8marks a.3 sides painted b.2 sides painted c.1 sides painted d. no sides painted 3.i participated in a race 1/5th of those who are before me and 5/6th are behind me. Find the total number of participants. 3 marks Ans : 31 Approach: Let the total number of participants be X So, [(x-1)/5 + 5(x-1)/6] = X on solving we get the total no. as 31 4.A & B are two friends. Together they go from shopping .A buys a hat and a suit.all together A spends 15 rupees. B buys a hat which costs same as the suit bought buy A. B says to a that”if at all i had bought my hat by spending 1.5 times u spent on buyingh ur hat, we both would have spent the same amount on buying our items(together ie 15 rs) a.what is cost of hat bought by A b. the money A & B spent all together. 6marks Ans (a) 6.4rs (b)rs 29 Ans 4 a. lets sayA spent x & y on hat and suit resp. From the condition we can say B spent y and x-1 rs on hat and dress resp. From what B told to A we can write x+y=15 =1.5x+(x-1)=15 =2.5x-1=15 =x=16/2.5=6.4rs

C speak English. itali..1= speaks 1 language? then 4 questions were asked based on above data like 1) A knows which languages? 4 options were given (one can easily get the answer from the above data and given options) 2) B knows how many languages a) English.61 & 106 7. This was very simple. french. French. B. 6marks Ans: E(Edward) 6.C.The question was to find the youngest of all. E. B. 1= speaks 2 Langs.then he saw another milestone with 2 digits separated by 0. B spent =y+(x-1)=14 =x+y-1 =15-1=14 so together they spent 15+14=29 rs 5. 1= speaks 4 Langs. D. Spanish.what is the numbers(repeated) 4 marks ans. But after D joins they have Spanish as the common language Spanish is most common language A.B. F students they speak one are more than one of english. There was a long question in which different relations were given like A is younger than B but older than C Some names were assigened toA.Portugese 3)and 4) I am sorry i forgot 8 Marks . E have French as common language C. Spanish. 45km/hr miles stones were 16.There are A. C... portueges. B. Italian. French b)English. French. E has Italian as common language 3 speak portueges Out of all 1=all speaks 5 Langs.b. French Spanish c)English. total A alone spent =x+y=15.A man was travelling in a car he saw a milestone with 2 digits after 1 hour he saw another milestone with 2 digits reversed. Spanish Italian d)English. 1= speaks 3 Langs.

Spanish. (ans : 6 ) (iv) 0 faces painted red (ans :1 ) . But after D joins they have Spanish as the common language Spanish is most common language A. It is cut by 6 straight lines into 27 smaller cubes. French. how many people are bachelor. (3 marks) Ans : write x^1/3 as x^1/9. There are A. D.1= speaks 1 language? (8 marks) then 4 questions were asked based on above data like 1) A knows which languages? 4 options were given (one can easily get the answer from the above data and given options) 2) B knows how many languages a) English. x^1/9 Now x^1/9(x^2/9 . B. whose third digit is one greater than the sum of two digits and the third is double the forth and forth is double of the fifth digit and second is greater than first digit by 5. 4 maks Q1). Then x= 4^9 Q2). Italian.1) =60 Now use trial and error method. itali. B. C speak English. E. Out of those 70 are bachelor. if we multiply forth and fifth digits we get the third digit. French. French b)English. french.Portugese 3) C can’t speak which language (4 options were given) 4) E can speak which languages (4 options were given) Q3) same old cubes problem (8 marks) A cube has its 6 faces painted red. B. x^1/9. A five digit no. 1= speaks 4 Langs.16842 9. (ans : 12 ) (iii) 1 face painted red.80 has house. have car and house . F students they speak one are more than one of english. C. 1= speaks 2 Langs.8. Spanish Italian d)English.in a town there are 100 persons. 4marks Ans. 90 has cars. (ans : 8 ) (ii) 2faces painted red. French Spanish c)English. Find how many smaller cubes are there having: (i) 3 faces painted red. E have French as common language C. 1= speaks 3 Langs. Spanish. 4 marks 10. E has Italian as common language 3 speak portueges Out of all 1=all speaks 5 Langs. portueges. find the value of X. x^1/3 .x^1/9 = 60 .

Cynthia paid as much as for her hat as Reuben did for his suit then she spent the rest of their money for a new dress. Uncle Reuben and Aunt Cynthia came to town for shopping. and second digit is greater than first digit by 5. (5 marks) . but in reversed order. Uncles hat costs \$9 (total money was \$29)(not sure)check it Q7). Reuben bought a suit and hat for \$15. then she added “if we had divided our hat money differently so that we bought different hats mine costing 1 and 1/2 time cost of yours” then we each would have spent the same amount of money.. What was the speed of his car if milestones show kilometers? ( 6 marks) Ans ) 45 kmph Let speed of car be x kmph Let at first he sees digits as ‘ab’…that is the value of number is: 10a+b After traveling for one hour.Q4) There was a cycle race going on. and the third digit is double the fourth digit .which gives x=9b-9a 10b+a+x=100a+b. How many people took part in the race? (3 marks) Ans : 31 (5 marks) Approach: Let the total number of participants be X So. A five digit no whose third digit is one greater than the sum of the first two digits. b=6a since ‘a’ and ‘b’ are digits. he sees another milestone with the same digits. On the way home Cynthia called Reuben’s attention to the fact that his hat cost \$1 more than her dress. In that case Uncle Reuben asked "how much would my hat have cost" (6 marks) Ans). After another hour of journey. 10a+b+x=10b+a. after he drives for an hour. 1/5th of the those in front of a person and 5/6th of those behind him gives the total number of participants.. he sees another milestone with original digits but with a zero between them. [(x-1)/5 + 5(x-1)/6] = X Q5) A man starts from XYZ city and drives a constant speed. a=1 and b=6 and thus x=45 Q6).and fourth digit is double the fifth digit. After some time he sees a milestone with two digits written on it.he sees the number as ‘a0b’…thus value is 100a+b Now. he sees the number as ‘ba’…thus its value is 10b+a After traveling another hour.which gives x=99a-9b Equating we get. and if we multiply fourth and fifth digit we get third digit.

If A. 2. then we will get youngest person Q9) ona sacle of 100: (3 marks) 85 are married.Q. 4. king -> jack -> queen -> ace heart diamond spade club 7.heart) and some conditions r given. have phone.find the order of cards ans. There are 6561 balls out of them 1 is heavy.club. Ans) 15 (not sure check it out) Q10) There are 100 teams for a cricket tournament. How many matches are required to choose the winner? Ans) 99 Infosys Talent Test 1.A takes 50 steps and B takes 75 steps while the escalator is moving down. of times the balls have to be weighed for finding out the haevy ball.Find the no.A) all of different types(diamond. ans. father-73. and 70 have houses.D. 80 have cars. car and houses on a scale of 100.Find the distance between 2 points and the exact time of reaching destination is 11 am then find the speed with which it walks.C. 120miles and 24 miles/hr 6. of steps in the escalator while it is staionary. 75 have phones. ans.spade. no.Given that the time taken by A to take 1 step is equal to time taken by B to take 3 steps. If i walk with 30 miles/hr i reach 1 hour before and if i walk with 20 miles/hr i reach 1 hour late. 2. son-37 4.K. If 5/2 artists make 5/2 paintings using 5/2 canvases in 5/2 days then how many artists r required to make 25 paintings using 25 canvases in 25 days? 3.Ans) 16842 take the no as “abcde” work it out using the given conditions (very easy) Q8)ferie younger than jack and older than louise.Find the min.Find my present age.If 1 year ago my age was twice as that of my son. louise older than edward and younger than jim (some names r given in that order) Who is youngest person? U can easily solve this one by examining the conditions (3 marks) Ans ) EDWARD very simple we have 2 club all conditions around 6. 1.4 of them give true statements : E is my mother in law C is my son in law's brother B is my father's brother A is my brother's wife . How many minimum persons are married. There is a escalator and 2 persons move down it. 8 5.B. It’s a knockout tournament . If the digits of my present age are reversed then i get the age of my son. There r four face cards (J. 3. ans.The team which looses once will be out.E r 5 members of a family.

on 2 sides.. If i do this puzzle i find it to be hard than the last puzzle that i did before that after that.2.A big cube painted red on all the sides.TST IST SLOW .From how many cities the flight can start so as to reach the city 8 either directly or indirectly such the path formed is divisible by 3.very complex stmt.There r 2 types of flights slow and fast. 22:40 10. Is that puzzle difficult.. then find the time in ? ans. on 1 side and no faces painted? (8 marks) .easy.1... (X-1)/5 – 5(X-1)/6=X X=31(Sure) 3. of puzzles 1. The product of 5 different temperatures is 12.There r 9 cities numbered 1 to 9.denotes brothers 8. Then. IST TST SLOW . How many of the smaller cubes painted on all 3 sides.. eg. How many people participated in the race? Solution: Let X be the total number of racers....FAST .A person took part in a cycling race with many others.. 1368-Flights goes through 1-3-6-8. -2.? These are the departure times and arrival times for slow and fast flights in IST and TST. (3 marks) (X) 1/3 –(X) 1/9=60 2..can't say or depends on the no.Who made the stmt.FAST . he found that 1/5 th of the racers ahead of him and 5/6 th of the cyclist behind him together formed the total number of participants.Solve for X. After pedaling for several minutes. If a flight travels between India(IST) and Toronto(TST). and what r the realtions among them ans..3 9... E | A<-->B--C | D <--> denotes husband-wife -. 11.-1.If all of then r integers then find all the temperatures ans. It was cut into 27 smaller cubes by 6 straight lines.

And also Second digit is 5 more than the last digit. What is the average speed of the car? Solution: Let the milestone be XY. Third digit is one half of the first digit. (Sure) 5. What is that 5-digit number? (6 marks) Solution: Let the fifth digit be X. Sides of cube = 3 X 3 X 3 No faces painted=(n-2) X (n-2) X (n-2) =(3-2) X (3-2) X (3-2) = 1(Sure) 1 side painted = 6 X (n-2) X (n-2) =6(Sure) 2 sides painted = 12 X (n-2) = 12(Sure) All the 3 sides painted = 8(Sure) 4. Therefore 2nd digit = X + 5 Also first digit = 4X * 2 It is clear from the above statements that the fifth digit must be 1.61. After another hour the driver sees another milestone containing the same two-digit number with 0 in between them.Solution: Let n be the side of cube.106 . Therefore the number is 86421. The driver sees a milestone. After an hour he saw a milestone numbered YX. After traveling for an Hour the driver sees another milestone with the same digit in reverse order. The fifth digit is one fourth of the third digit and one half of the fourth digit. then fourth digit =2X and third digit = 4X. After another hour he saw a milestone numbered X0Y The number is 16.A car is traveling in a uniform speed. which is a 2-digit number. Second digit is 5 more than the fifth digit.There is a five-digit number.

Most common language is Spanish.Find out the total number of matches played to find out the grand winner? Solution: 99 9. Italian (Sure) C -> English.B and C initially speak English but when D joined Spanish they too took up Spanish.There were totally 100 men. One person knows all the 5 language.75 have T.Then uncle said if we had divided our hat money differently such that we bought a different hats mine costing 1 and ½ times cost of yours then we would have spent the equal amount of money. radio.On the way to home Cynthia called Reubens attention to the fact that his hat cost \$1 more than her dress. Italian.C and also married? . The only common language between C and E is Italian. (Sure) 6.that is if a team loses a match it must be eliminated. one person knows 4 languages.Cynthia paid as much as for her hat as Reuben did for his suit. Spanish. (8 marks) Solution: A ->French.It was totally an elimination match.There was a match to be held. Spanish.85 are married.C.V. The only common language between A. Italian (Sure) 7.70 have A. Portuguese (Sure) D ->Spanish (Sure) E ->French.And 100 nations were to participate in that match. one person knows 2 languages and one person knows only one language. Spanish. French. A. B and E is French. How many men have T. one person knows 3 languages. Three people speak Portuguese.31(not sure) 8.(61-16) = (106-61) = 45 And the average speed is 45 km/hr.Reuben bought a suit and hat for \$15. Portuguese (Sure) B ->English.Then she spent the rest of her money for her dress.V.Uncle Reuben and aunt Cynthia came to town to shop. (i)How much the hat would cost in that case? (ii)What is the total amount spent? Solution: 3. Portuguese. 85 have radio.