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25.7.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 234/5

seeking to overcome social exclusion Ð the Court, Bellanger, Head of Subdirectorate in the same Directorate,
composed of: G. C. Rodríguez Iglesias, President, C. and Claude Chavance, Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the
Gulmann, H. Ragnemalm, M. Wathelet, R. Schintgen same Directorate, the United Kingdom of Great Britain
(Presidents of Chambers), G. F. Mancini, J. C. Moitinho and Northern Ireland, represented by John E. Collins Ð
de Almeida (Rapporteur), J. L. Murray, D. A. O. Edward, application for annulment of the Joint Action of 4 March
J.-P. Puissochet, G. Hirsch, P. Jann and L. Sevón, Judges; 1996 adopted by the Council on the basis of Article K.3
G. Tesauro, Advocate General; L. Hewlett, Administrator, of the Treaty on European Union on airport transit
for the Registrar, has given a judgment on 12 May 1998, arrangements (96/197/JAI) (OJ 1996 L 63 of 19.3.1996,
in which it: p. 8) Ð the Court (Chamber), composed of: G. C.
Rodríguez Iglesias, President, C. Gulmann, H.
Ragnemalm, M. Wathelet and R. Schintgen, Presidents of
1. Annuls the decision referred to in the Commission's
Chamber, G. F. Mancini, J. C. Moitinho de Almeida,
press release of 23 January 1996 (IP/96/67)
P. J. G. Kapteyn, (Rapporteur), J. L. Murray, D. A. O.
announcing certain grants for European projects
Edward, J.-P. Puissochet, G. Hirsch, P. Jann, L. Sevón and
seeking to overcome social exclusion;
K. M. Ioannou, Judges; N. Fennelly, Advocate General; D.
Louterman-Hubeau, Principal Administrator, for the
2. Declares that the annulment of the abovementioned Registrar Ð has given a judgment on 12 May 1998, in
decision shall not affect the validity of payments made which it:
or undertakings given under the contracts in issue;
1. Dismisses the application;
3. Orders the Commission of the European Communities
to pay the costs; 2. Orders the Commission of the European Communities
to pay the costs;
4. Orders the Federal Republic of Germany, the 3. Orders the Kingdom of Denmark, the French
Kingdom of Denmark, the Council of the European Republic, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Union and the European Parliament to bear their own Northern Ireland and the Parliament to bear their
costs. own costs.

(1) OJ C 145 of 18.5.1996. (1) OJ C 210 of 20.7.1996.

JUDGMENT OF THE COURT JUDGMENT OF THE COURT
of 12 May 1998 of 12 May 1998
in Case C-367/96 (reference for a preliminary ruling from
in Case C-170/96: Commission of the European
the Efeteio Ð Athinon): Alexandros Kefalas and Others v
Communities, supported by the European Parliament v
Elliniko Dimosio (Greek State), Organismos Ikonomikis
Council of the European Union, supported by the
Anasinkrotisis Epikhiriseon AE (OAE), intervener
Kingdom of Denmark, French Republic and the United
Athinaiki Khartopiia AE and Others (1)
Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (1)
(Company law Ð Public limited liability company in
(Act of the Council Ð Joint action regarding airport
financial difficulties Ð Increase in the capital of the
transit visas Ð Legal basis)
company by administrative decision Ð Abusive exercise of
(98/C 234/08) a right arising from a provision of Community law)
(98/C 234/09)
(Language of the case: French)
(Language of the case: Greek)

(Provisional translation; the definitive translation will be (Provisional translation; the definitive translation will be
published in the European Court Reports) published in the European Court Reports)

In Case C-170/96: Commission of the European In Case C-367/96: reference to the Court under Article 177
Communities, represented by Pieter van Nuffel, supported of the EC Treaty from the Efeteio Ð Athinon for a
by the European Parliament, represented by Johann preliminary ruling in the proceedings pending before that
Schoo, Head of Division in the Legal Service, and JoseÂ- court between Alexandros Kefalas and Others and
Luis Rufas Quintana, v Council of the European Union, Elliniko Dimosio (Greek State), Organismos Ikonomikis
represented by Julian Schutte, Director of the Legal Anasinkrotisis Epikhiriseon AE (OAE), intervener
Service, and Michael Bishop, supported by the Kingdom Athinaiki Khartopiia AE and Others, on the interpretation
of Denmark, represented by Peter Biering, the French of Article 25 of the Second Council Directive 77/91/EEC
Republic, represented initially by Catherine de Salins, of 13 December 1976 on coordination of safeguards
Head of Subdirectorate in the Legal Affairs Directorate of which, for the protection of the interests of members and
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, then by Kareen Rispal- others, are required by Member States of companies
C 234/6 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 25.7.98

within the meaning of the second paragraph of Article 58 proceedings pending before that court between Mr and
of the Treaty, in respect of the formation of public limited Mrs Robert Gilly and Directeur des Services Fiscaux du
liability companies and the maintenance and alteration of Bas-Rhin Ð on the interpretation of Articles 6, 48 and
their capital, with a view to making such safeguards 220 of the EC Treaty Ð the Court, composed of: G. C.
equivalent (OJ L 26 of 30.1.1977, p. 1), and on the Rodríguez Iglesias, President, M. Wathelet, (Rapporteur)
abusive exercise of a right arising from a provision of and R. Schintgen, (Presidents of Chambers), G. F.
Community law, the Court, composed of: G. C. Rodríguez Mancini, J. C. Moitinho de Almeida, P. J. G. Kapteyn, J. L.
Iglesias, President, C. Gulmann, H. Ragnemalm and M. Murray, J.-P. Puissochet, G. Hirsch, L. Sevón and K. M.
Wathelet (Presidents of Chambers), G. F. Mancini, J. C. Ioannou, Judges; D. Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer, Advocate
Moitinho de Almeida, P. J. G. Kapteyn, (Rapporteur), J. L. General; H. A. Rühl, Principal Administrator, for the
Murray, D. A. O. Edward, J.-P. Puissochet, G. Hirsch, P. Registrar, has given a judgment on 12 May 1998, in
Jann and L. Sevón, Judges; G. Tesauro, Advocate General; which it has ruled:
H. A. Rühl, Principal Administrator, for the Registrar, has
given a judgment on 12 May 1998, in which it has ruled: 1. The second indent of Article 220 of the EC Treaty
does not have direct effect.
Community law does not preclude national courts from
applying a provision of national law in order to assess 2. On a proper construction, Article 48 of the EC Treaty
whether a right arising from a provision of Community does not preclude the application of provisions such as
law is being exercised abusively. However, where such an those in Articles 13(5)(a), 14(1) and 16 of the
assessment is made, a shareholder relying on Article 25(1) Convention signed in Paris on 21 July 1959 between
of the Second Council Directive 77/91/EEC of the French Republic and the Federal Republic of
13 December 1976 on coordination of safeguards which, Germany for the avoidance of double taxation, as
for the protection of the interests of members and others, amended by the protocols signed in Bonn on 9 June
are required by Member States of companies within the 1969 and 28 September 1989, under which the tax
meaning of the second paragraph of Article 58 of the regime applicable to frontier workers differs depending
Treaty, in respect of the formation of public limited on whether they work in the private sector or the
liability companies and the maintenance and alteration of public sector and, where they work in the public
their capital, with a view to making such safeguards sector, on whether or not they have only the
equivalent, cannot be deemed to be abusing the right nationality of the State of the authority employing
arising from that provision merely because the increase in them, and the regime applicable to teachers differs
capital contested by him has resolved the financial depending on whether their residence in the State in
difficulties threatening the existence of the company which they are teaching is for a short period or not.
concerned and has clearly ensured to his economic benefit,
or because he has not exercised his preferential right under 3. On a proper construction, Article 48 of the Treaty
Article 29(1) of that directive to acquire new shares issued does not preclude the application of a tax credit
on the increase in capital at issue. mechanism such as that provided for in
Article 20(2)(a)(cc) of the said convention.
(1) OJ C 40 of 8.2.1997.
(1) OJ C 370 of 7.12.1996.

JUDGMENT OF THE COURT
of 12 May 1998 JUDGMENT OF THE COURT
(Third Chamber)
in Case C-336/96 (reference for a preliminary ruling from
the Tribunal Administratif, Strasbourg): Mr and Mrs of 14 May 1998
Robert Gilly v Directeur des Services Fiscaux du Bas-
in Case C-48/96 P: Windpark Groothusen GmbH & Co.
Rhin (1)
Betriebs KG v Commission of the European
(Articles 6, 48 and 220 of the EC Treaty Ð Equal Communities (1)
treatment Ð Bilateral convention for the avoidance of
(Appeal Ð Financial support in the energy sector Ð
double taxation Ð Frontier workers)
Thermie programme Ð Right to full legal protection Ð
(98/C 234/10) Duty to state reasons Ð Right to a hearing Ð Discretion)
(98/C 234/11)
(Language of the case: French)
(Language of the case: German)
(Provisional translation; the definitive translation will be
published in the European Court Reports) (Provisional translation; the definitive translation will be
published in the European Court Reports)
In Case C-336/96: reference to the Court under Article 177
of the EC Treaty from the Tribunal Administratif, In Case C-48/96 P: Windpark Groothusen GmbH & Co.
Strasbourg, France, for a preliminary ruling in the Betriebs KG, a company governed by German law,