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Newsletter of the Orleans Audubon Society. A chapter of the National Audubon Society.

Volume :XXXVI Issue: 1 September/October 2010

Spring OAS Joint Banqet with the Crescent Bird Club
Bird Diversity in Lowland Amazonian Forest
Can it be Saved?

Speaker: Erik Johnson

Erik is a Ph.D. candidate in Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences at LSU with an anticipated degree in 2011. He is studying effects of
forest fragmentation on central Amazonian birds, developing molt criteria for aging to understand population demographics in
fragmented landscapes, studying how molt- breeding overlap varies among bird families and how it is an important character in
understanding fragmentation sensitivity. He is conducting an
ectoparasite removal experiment to learn the interactive effects of parasites and habitat quality on birds.
Erik received his B.S. degree at Dickinson College in Carlisle, PA, studied Piping Plover and Least Tern nests in
Massachusetts, received his M.S. degree at LSU with Dr. Phil Stouffer studying the effects of fire management on habitat
selection in Henslow’s Sparrows and most recently coordinated volunteer- based surveys along the Gulf coast to monitor effects
of oil spill on birds.

Date: Tuesday, October 19
Time: 6:30- 7:00 p.m. social and cash bar, 7:00 p.m. banquet, 8:00 p.m. program
Place: The Imperial Room of Five Happiness Restaurant, 3605 S. Carrollton Ave., New Orleans, LA 70118

Cost: $28.00 per person

Reservations: Mail a check payable to “Orleans Audubon Society” to Michael Crago, OAS Treasurer, 801 Rue Dauphine, Ste.
304, Metairie, LA 70005 and please include names, addresses and telephone numbers for each person’s reservation.
Reservations must be received by October14.
Menu: Egg roll and chicken wing appetizers, entrees include Mandarin Chicken, Shrimp with Honey Roasted Pecans,
General’s Chicken, Beef with Black Mushroom, Snow Peas and Bamboo Shoots, Triple Dragon in Hot Garlic Sauce,
combination fried rice, fortune and almond cookies, soft drink or iced tea.
National Audubon Society's Response to the Gulf Oil Spill
By Melanie Driscoll

When: Tuesday, November 16th at 7 pm
Social starting at 6:30 pm

Location: Community Church Unitarian Universalist
316 38th Street off of Fleur de Lis
Lakeview (enter from Hammond Hwy.)

Melanie Driscoll will describe the view from the field for the first few months of the oil spill in the Gulf of
Mexico. She will present what we can glean about the immediate impacts on birds, and outline concerns
for the future. She will discuss National Audubon Society's initial response, including work with state and
federal agencies, volunteer mobilization, scientific contributions, intensive conservation planning efforts
initiated by the spill and new capacity. Finally, she will describe how Audubon's efforts not only form a
response to this immense threat, but also work to address one of Louisiana's greatest challenges, rapid
coastal land loss caused by human manipulation of the wetlands and the Mississippi River.

Melanie Driscoll is the National Audubon Society's Director of Bird Conservation for its Louisiana Coastal
Initiative. Prior to working for Audubon, Melanie coordinated the nationwide House Finch Disease Survey
and supervised field research for the House Finch Disease research project at the Cornell Lab of
Ornithology. Melanie graduated from the State University of New York's College of Environmental
Science and Forestry and served as a Community Forestry volunteer for the Peace Corps in Thailand for
three years.

The Beginning Bird Watching Class Is
Back by Popular Demand!
Bird watching is a rewarding hobby that will truly enrich your life. It can be enjoyed just about
anywhere including your backyard, a local park, or an exotic vacation. This course is designed to get you
started in bird watching. Ornithologists and birders from the Orleans Audubon Society will provide tips on
purchasing and using binoculars and field guides and on teach you how to identify birds by sight, sound,
behavior, habitat, and geographic location. You will also receive a basic introduction to ornithology and
information about local bird watching groups. Classes include four bird watching field trips to New Orleans
City Park, Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge, Audubon Park, and Jean Lafitte National Historical Park
& Preserve.
Classes are this fall on Saturday mornings from October 9th through November 13th. We will begin
with two lecture- format classes at UNO and follow with four bird watching field trips to area parks, refuges, and
preserves. The first two classroom meetings are from 10:00 a.m. to 12:00 noon. The four half- day field trips
which follow start at 7:45 a.m. or 8:00 a.m. and finish at 11:00 a.m. This non- credit course is offered through
UNO’s Department of Geography. UNO’s registration procedures and course fees have not yet been
determined. For more information, please check our web site: or contact one of the course
instructors: Jennifer Coulson, Email:, Phone: (985) 863- 8516.
Fall 2010 Field Trips
Bring binoculars, field guides, bug spray, rain gear, sunscreen and refreshments. Boots and walkie
talkies may be useful. Snacks and drinks are recommended. For trip information, contact the leader. A
Wild Louisiana Stamp is required for field trips to LA Wildlife Refuges. The stamp can be purchased at
WalMart , Puglia’s Sporting Goods, 1925 Veterans Blvd., 504- 837- 0291 or directly from the LA
Wildlife and Fisheries.

Sat. Sept. 11 International Hummingbird and Butterfly Day Mizell Farms, 83211 The Bogue Chitto
Hwy. 25, Folsom (1 mile north of Folsom) 985- 796- 9309 Admission is $6 State Park, located outside
(12 years and older) 6 a.m.- 6 p.m. Hummingbird banding, information of Franklinton, is now open
booths and plant sale. Food and beverages will be available for
purchase. to the public. Bogue Chitto
State Park is host to 4
Sat. Sept. 25 Couturie Forest, City Park upland cabins and a lodge
Time: 7:30 a.m. Meet at the entrance to the forest on Harrison Ave. overlooking a 90- foot bluff,
Leader: Ed Wallace 343- 1433
81 RV camping sites, and a
Sat. Oct. 2 Grand Isle (all day trip) group camp for overnight
Time: 8:00 a.m. Meet at the grocery/gas station on the corner of Hwy. 1 visitors. The park also
and Hwy 3090 (Fourchon Rd.). Note: The bridge across the Intracoastal provides a visitor center,
Waterway is now a TOLL BRIDGE. You can pay ahead of time by
going to
conference room, and
Leader: Dan Purrington 717- 3283 picnic pavilions for guests
to enjoy. Daytime and
Sat. Oct. 16 Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge (half day trip) overnight guests have
Time: 7:30 a.m. Meet at the Bayou Ridge Trail entrance located on U.S.
90 (Chef Menteur Highway) across from Recovery Road in New Orleans
access to all these
East. amenities along with a
Leader: Phillip Wallace 822- 0483 canoe launch into the
Bogue Chitto River, fishing
Tues. Oct. 19 CBC/OAS Banquet at the Imperial Room of Five Happiness Restaurant
piers, an amphitheater, a
Cash bar 6:30 p.m., buffet 7:00 and program at 8:00.
water playground, 14 miles
"Bird diversity in lowland Amazonian forests - can it be saved?" of equestrian trails and over
Erik Johnson is a Ph.D. candidate in the Phil Stouffer lab at LSUBR 7 miles of nature trails.
studying the condition and demographic structure of understory birds
Bogue Chitto State Park is
in fragmented Amazonian landscapes
located off LA Hwy. 25 in
The buffet menu will include egg roll and chicken wing appetizers, Washington Parish,
entrees of Mandarin chicken, shrimp with pecans, general’s chicken, approximately 8 miles
beef with mushrooms, snow peas and bamboo shoots, triple dragon in south of Franklinton.
hot garlic sauce, fried rice, dessert cookies, tea and soft drinks.
14. The reservation form is on Page 3. experience a diversity of
natural habitats on one of
Oct. 23 Louisiana Nature Center (half day trip) the most dynamic and
Time: 7:30 a.m. Meet at the entrance on Dwyer Rd. Exit I- 10 at Read,
turn right on Read then turn left on Dwyer. Go about 2/3 miles down
scenic river systems in
Dwyer, the gate is on the left across the canal from the lovely pink and Louisiana. The 1,786- acre
orange houses. site includes small streams,
Leaders: Glenn Ousset- 495- 4285 and Amy LeGeaux- 915- 8296 cypress tupelo swamps, a
Oct. 29- 30 Louisiana Ornithological Society fall meeting in Cameron, LA
hardwood- forested gorge
Check the LOS Website for details or contact and upland forests. For
Joelle at 504- 715- 2647 more information about
Bogue Chitto State Park,
Sat. Nov. 6 Woodlands Trail and Park, Belle Chase (half day trip)
Time: 8 a.m. 449 F. Edward Hebert Blvd. Cross the Crescent City
Connection, exit east (away from the river) on Gen. Degaulle. Drive, call
several miles, cross the big Intracoastal Bridge, turn left onto Hwy 888- 677- 7312 toll free or
406, turn left onto F. Edward Hebert Blvd. The entrance will be on 839- 5707 locally.
your left a short distance down the Blvd.
Leader: Joelle Finley- 715- 2647
Reservations for the
overnight facilities can be
Sat. Nov. 13 Marguerite Moffett Audubon Sanctuary (2hr drive) on the west side made through the Call
of LA Hwy. 56 near Chauvin in Terrebonne Parish Center at 1- 877- 226- 7652
Meet: 7 a.m. in the NW corner of the Clearview Shopping Center or online at
Parking Lot. Contact Joelle (715- 2467) if you are going.
Leader: David Muth - 382- 4949
A festival like no other…
Building on the success of last
year’s festival, the Yellow
Rails and Rice Festival 2010 is
designed with fun in mind.
The festival’s primary goal is
to provide participants with a
unique venue to view Yellow
Rails while at the same time
bringing birders and farmers
together to realize the value of
birds to the area’s “working
wetlands.” The festival
schedule is casual and
participants can attend all
events or come and go at their
leisure. Leaders at field sites will help spot birds and provide information. There
will also be local morning birding trips, afternoon trips to see points of local
interest, and two birding trips farther afield (pineywoods and the Cameron Parish
coast). Based in Jennings, participants will be positioned in the heart of Cajun
Country in Louisiana’s southwest prairie region, an area known for great birding,
local cuisine, and a rich history and culture. For more information about this year’s
festival, as well as some photos from last year’s festival, visit: or email 7 raindate)


Loggerhead Shrikes are declining across much of their range. In Canada, the migrans
subspecies is considered critically endangered, with less than 25 pairs found in 2010.
The vast majority of pairs now breed in Ontario. An extremely active and multi- faceted
recovery program is underway for this species in Ontario, including a captive breeding
and release program. This program has been releasing approximately 100 juvenile
shrikes annually since 2006. While much is known and has been learned about this
species, a critical piece of the puzzle is still missing: where exactly do these birds spend
the winter? To maximize our chances of locating wintering areas and better define
migration routes we will be coloring the breast of released young produced from the
captive breeding program, to make them more detectable by birders. Birds have been
released in July and August. Birds will have an extensive area of their breast colored in
green, blue or purple. All released birds, and a large proportion of the wild population, are
also color banded. If you see a shrike with a colored breast and/or wearing bands, please
report it to Wildlife Preservation Canada at (EM:, PH:
519- 836- 9314, FX: 519- 836- 8840). We will need details about specific location (GPS
coordinates are ideal, but not essential) and color(s) (breast and/or bands) seen.
L.D.W.F. ANNOUNCES PROPOSED Reintroduction of
Non- migratory Whooping Cranes into Southwest Louisiana
The  Louisiana  Department  of  Wildlife  and  Fisheries  (LDWF)  and  the  U.S.  Fish  and  Wildlife  Service  (USFWS)  will 
attempt to establish a non­ migratory flock of whooping cranes that lives and breeds in the wetlands, marshes and prairies of 
southwestern Louisiana. If this proposal is approved, the reintroduction effort could begin during early 2011.
The  process  began  today  with  an announcement in the Federal Register seeking public comment on a proposed rule 
to  reintroduce  the  endangered  whooping  crane  into  habitat  in  its  historic  range  on  the  state­ owned  White  Lake  Wetland 
Conservation Area in Vermilion Parish, Louisiana.
LDWF  Secretary Robert Barham praised  this  proposal  to  reintroduce  whooping cranes back  into  the wetlands of the 
Chenier coastal plain by saying, “Crane species around the world depend on coastal wetlands, and the proposed efforts would 
reunite  this  indigenous  species  back  into  some  of  the  most  productive  and  expansive  coastal  freshwater  wetlands  left  in 
The reintroduction is being proposed as part of an ongoing recovery effort for this highly imperiled species, which was 
on the  verge of extinction in  the 1940s  and even  today has only about 395 individuals in the wild (550 worldwide); none in 
Louisiana.  The  only  self­ sustaining  wild  population  of  whooping  cranes  migrates  between  Wood  Buffalo  National  Park  in  the 
Northwest  Territories  of  Canada  and  Aransas  National  Wildlife  Refuge  in  Texas  and,  like  those  in  the  eastern  populations, 
remains  vulnerable  to  extinction  from  continued  loss  of  habitat  or  natural  or  man­ made  catastrophes.  Multiple  efforts  are 
underway to reduce this risk by increasing populations in the wild, including ongoing efforts to establish a migratory population 
in the eastern United States.
“With just under 400 birds in the wild, the vast majority of which winter along the Texas coast, whooping cranes are 
among our nation’s most threatened species. Our proposal to reintroduce a population in Louisiana would not only help protect 
this  iconic  species  from  extinction  but  would  also  help  us  take  another  big  step  in  our  campaign  to  restore  the  Gulf  Coast’s 
wildlife, marshes, and coasts to health,” said Ken Salazar, Secretary of the Interior.
USFWS  proposes  the  new,  reintroduced,  non­ migratory  population  of  whooping  cranes  be  designated  as  a  non­
essential, experimental population (NEP) under the provisions of the Endangered Species Act. This proposed designation and 
its implementing regulation are developed to be more compatible with routine human activities in the reintroduction area. The 
designation  allows  for  take  of  whooping  cranes  when  such  take  is  accidental  and  incidental  to  an  otherwise  lawful  activity, 
including agriculture practices, recreation, and hunting. The intentional take (including killing or harm) of any NEP­ designated 
whooping crane would still be a violation of federal law punishable under the Endangered Species Act and the Migratory Bird 
Treaty Act.
“LDWF’s  wildlife  biologists  have  decades  of  experience  restoring  wildlife  and  have  led  several  successful  wildlife 
restoration efforts including the American alligator, the brown pelican and the bald eagle,” said Robert Love, LDWF Coastal and 
Non­ game  Resources  Division  Administrator.  “These  are  examples  of  coastal  wildlife  species  which  have  been  successfully 
restored,  additional  to  white  tailed  deer,  wild  turkey  and  black  bear  populations, all  upland  species  which  have been, or  are 
currently being restored.”
There  are  approximately  1.3  million  acres  of  marsh,  open  water,  and  Chenier  habitat  in  southwestern  coastal 
Louisiana.  The  cranes  would  be  reintroduced  to  the  White  Lake  area  and  are  not  expected  to  be affected  by the  Deepwater 
Horizon  oil  spill. Whooping  cranes  historically  occurred  in  Louisiana  in  both  a  resident,  non­ migratory  flock  and  a  migratory 
flock  that  wintered  in  Louisiana.  The  proposed  release  area  is  the  location  where  whooping  cranes  were  historically 
documented raising young in Louisiana.
“This  reintroduction  of  a  new  non­ migratory  flock  would  not  only  restore  the  whooping  crane  to  part  of  its  historic 
range  but  also  would  provide  another  geographically  distinct  population,”  said  Cindy  Dohner,  USFWS  Southeast  Regional 
Director. “We look forward to continued work with our partners at the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries to aid in 
the recovery of this magnificent bird.”
A  recent Federal Register announcement  includes  the  proposed  rule.  USFWS  has  drafted  an  environmental 
assessment  (EA),  which  evaluates  several  alternatives  for  establishing  a  new  non­ migratory  population  of  whooping  cranes. 
USFWS is seeking comments on both documents, and also specifically the following: (1) the geographic boundary for the NEP; 
and, (2) effects of the reintroduction on other native species and the ecosystem.
To  allow  adequate  time  to  conduct  this  review,  USFWS  requests  that  information  be  received  on  or  before  October  18. 
2010. You may submit information by one of the following methods:
Federal eRulemaking Portal: Follow the instructions for submitting comments.

U.S.  mail  or  hand­ delivery:  Public  Comments  Processing,  Attn:  FWS­ R4­ ES­ 2010­ 0057; Division  of  Policy  and 
Directives Management; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service; 4401 N. Fairfax Drive, Suite 222; Arlington, VA 22203.

E­ mails  or  faxes  will  not  be  accepted.  All  comments  will  be  posted  on  This  generally 
means that any personal information provided will be posted.
LDWF and USFWS will hold public hearing at the following locations: Gueydan, Louisiana, on September 15, 2010 at the 
Gueydan Civic Center, 901 Wilkinson St., Gueydan, LA 70542; and in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, on September 16, 2010 at the 
Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries, 2000 Quail Drive Baton Rouge, LA 70808.
Each public hearing will last from 7:00­ 9:00 p.m. Before each hearing, an open house will be held to provide an additional 
opportunity  for  the  public  to  gain  information  and  ask  questions about  the proposed  rule. All  comments received at a  public 
hearing, both verbal and written, will be considered in making a final decision.
The Deepwater Horizon/BP Disaster and Its Effects on Wildlife
By Jennifer Coulson

The Deepwater Horizon/BP disaster could not have come at a worse time for wildlife. It wreaked havoc on Louisiana’s
coastal nesting seabird communities, spanning almost the entire nesting season. For many nesting colonies, a year’s productivity
was lost (eggs and chicks), and adult mortality was sometimes high. Raccoon Island is currently Louisiana’s largest seabird
nesting colony, housing approximately 10,000 birds. Unfortunately, in spite of booms, oil reached the island, impacting species
such as the Brown Pelican, Black Skimmer, and Sandwich Tern. Across Louisiana’s coastline, oil threatened other colonial
nesting birds from plovers and gulls to spoonbills, herons, egrets, and ibises. Oil posed a real threat to a substantial proportion
of the U.S. population of Wilson’s Plover: according to Margo Zdravkovic, in 2006, Louisiana hosted 25% of the total U.S.
population of breeding Wilson’s Plover. The disaster also coincided with the sea turtle nesting season. Tropical storms and
hurricanes shut down oil collection operations, meaning that more oil leaked into the Gulf unchecked. Winds from Hurricane
Alex pushed oil into the Mississippi Sound. Strong winds from Alex and prevailing east and southeast winds in the days
following forced tar balls and oil far inland through Lake Borgne and the Rigolets into Lake Pontchartrain.
The “Consolidated Fish and Wildlife Collection Report” provides numbers of wildlife collected in the Deepwater
Horizon/BP incident impact area and reported to the Unified Area Command. Not all injuries or deaths reported here were
necessarily caused by the oil spill, and in many cases cause of death has yet to be determined. Here is a summary as of 30
August 2010 of the potentially oiled wildlife collected since the disaster from coastal Florida to Louisiana and also offshore.
Rescue crews captured 2034 live, visibly oiled birds, 75.2% of which were from Louisiana. Most (90.8%) of the 1133 birds that
were rehabilitated and released were from Louisiana. More than half (57.0%) of 5362 birds found dead were from Louisiana.
Of the 3058 birds found dead in Louisiana, 47.8% were visibly oiled. In Alabama and Florida, sea turtle nests and hatchlings
were relocated to areas outside of the oil’s path. A total of 278 nests and 98 hatchlings were moved, rescuing an estimated
13,997 hatchlings from potential exposure to oil. Concerning rescue efforts of older animals, 520 sea turtles were collected
alive, 87.1% of which were visibly oiled. One- hundred and sixty- two of these turtles were rehabilitated and released. Five-
hundred and fifty- three sea turtles were found dead, with 20.8% being from Louisiana. Only 17 of the 553 sea turtles were
visibly oiled, but another 453 carcasses are pending analysis. Across these four Gulf States, 8 mammals were found alive, 3 of
which were rehabilitated and released, and 80 were found dead.
There is much work ahead of us with respect to documenting the effects of the oil on Louisiana’s wildlife and restoring
coastal habitats. The Barataria- Terrebonne National Estuary Program and Louisiana State University are working together to
survey coastal seabird colonies and document the effects of the oil. If you would like to support their survey efforts, you can
visit the American Birding Association web site, click on “Donate to the ABA Gulf Coast Fund” and make a donation. BP is not
funding these surveys and private donations will truly help. We won’t know the comprehensive effects of the oil spill until we
have the seabird colony survey reports.
OAS has been actively
engaged in responding to the
oil spill on many fronts. We
directed many hundreds of
volunteers to the Coalition to
Restore Coastal Louisiana and
National Audubon Society registries,
and directed experienced
wildlife rehabilitators to the
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
registry. Our volunteers
searched for and reported oiled
birds, transported oiled birds, and
assisted in their rehabilitation.
They also participated in
oiled bird surveys. OAS board
members were also interviewed by
local, national and international

Piping Plover by Daniel S. Kilby
Tar Balls and Oil Patties

A tar ball from Elmer's Island near Grand Isle, La., The same tar ball being pulled apart by
found July 6, 2010. Leanne Sarco.
. Photos by Bob Thomas.

July 12, 2010

by Bob Thomas

When crude oil enters water, it immediately begins to spread out into an ever- thinning sheen, evaporate into the air, dissolve into
the water and be attacked by microbes. Hydrocarbons that remain becomes denser and denser. A wide array of variables impacts
this process, including wind, wave and current energy, density of the water, type of hydrocarbons in the crude (light crude as in
the Macondo well gusher to heavy crude as in the Exxon Valdez spill), temperature and other meteorological considerations.
Tar balls are aggregates of the heavier ends of the crude oil spectrum and include asphaltenes, tar, paraffins, and the like. As the
crude oil continues to break down (the lighter ends of the oil dissipate), the oil sinks lower in the water column, often rolling
about on the sea floor. Tar balls incorporate all sorts of sands and other detritus. The key is that tar balls are semi- solid to solid,
and look like black asphalt or tar.
Tar balls may originate from natural seeps on the floor of the Gulf or from leaks and spills of crude oil.
Another common source of tar balls is from ballast tanks in ships. Ballast tanks hold seawater and the amount can be regulated,
depending on cargo loads and the associated buoyancy needed for the ship at the moment. If oil is present in seawater when a
ship fills its ballast tanks, it will be sucked into the tanks. Such trapped oil exists in a caldron of bacterial activity and may
constantly degrade. When ships flush their ballast into the sea, as they often do, the oil either exits as tar balls or continues to
weather into tar balls.
Recall that soon after the BP Macondo well gusher was formed, reports of tar balls on Florida beaches were found to have
originated from ship ballasts.
Tar balls harden from the outside in, so it is not uncommon to find tar balls that can be broken open to reveal liquid oils.
Louisiana’s marshes, beaches and coastal waters are being assaulted by another stage in crude oil aggregation best called oil
patties, or just oil globs. They are not as dense as tar balls, and are brown instead of black. Oil patties look more like pudding,
being dense but still obviously liquid. They may result from the continued degradation of the oily mousse that has been common
along our shores in the form of orange streamers, or lines of emulsified oil on the surface.
Although we don’t like to see oil patties and tar balls washing into our coastal waters, the good news is that they are highly
weathered, having lost many of their original hydrocarbon chemical qualities, and will continue to degrade in our ecosystem and
gradually disappear.
The question is, at what cost? What impact do they and their remaining fractions have on the environment? Do they contain
toxic remains of the widespread use of the dispersant Corexit?
Twitter about nature. For updates on floral and faunal activities in south Louisiana, follow Bob at DrBobNatureNote.
Nature Notes will be archived on the LUCEC website ( This website is planned to be launced on August
1, 2010.
You will be notified when this happens.
In the meantime, if you need any back copies, have comments and/or suggestions for topics, just email Bob at
OrleansAudubon Society
Non- Profit Org.
The SE Louisiana Chapter of the U.S. Postage
National Audubon Society PAID
801 Rue Dauphine #304 New Orleans, LA
Permit No. 1435
Metarie, LA 70005- 4608

Donate Your Old
Birding Field Guides Fall Dinner
and Binoculars to a Reservation Form
Good Cause
Send check for $28.00 per person to
Need to thin your field guide library in
the new year? Donate old field guides
“Orleans Audubon Society” to Michael
to Orleans Audubon! Wendy Rihner, Crago, 801 Rue Dauphine, Ste. 304, Metarie,
Education Chair, is accepting donations
of field guides in good condition for
LA 70005.
Audubon education programs.
Any intact field guide for our area can
be used by a young birder or other NAME: _____________________
beginners. Additionally, if you have

ADDRESS: __________________
any binoculars that are in good working
condition that can be used
by someone, we can also accept those __________________
donations. Finally, we will accept your
free time! If you are interested in
working with Wendy on reaching young PHONE: _____________________
birders or other beginners, please let
her know. New outreach ideas and
volunteer hours are greatly NUMBER OF GUESTS: _______
appreciated! You may contact Wendy

The Orleans Audubon Society is a Section 501(c)(3) tax exempt, non- profit, charitable organization.