You are on page 1of 5

Modern Architecture Quiz Answers.

1. Give 5 definitions of Modern Architecture
a) Use of poured concrete and exposed steel
b) Openness of glass and steel skeletal side walls
c) No ornament but monumental block like forms
d) Plate glass and glass bricks
e) Disappearance of load bearing walls permitted a freer flowing structure

6. Who was one of the architects to influence Gropius early in his career?

Peter Behrens

7. Name one building by Behrens

AEG Turbine Factory1909-10

7. Name one influential building by Perret

Rue Franklin flats 1902

8. What was Gropius’ first building+ date

Fagus Factory 1911

9. How did he answer the call for an attractive façade?
projected steel skeleton, which pulled the function of support to the inside, thereby making
possible a broad dissolution of the exterior envelope into glass walls; the idea of the 'curtain
wall' was at this point first expressed in a consistent manner."

10. Give three aims of The Bauhaus in 1919

a) to "rescue all of the arts from the isolation in which each then found itself," (Whitford)

b) to elevate the status of crafts, chairs, lamps, teapots, etc., to the same level enjoyed by
fine arts, painting, sculpting

c) to maintain contact with the leaders of industry and craft in an attempt to eventually gain
independence from government support by selling designs to industry

13. Who illustrated the Manifesto of the Bauhaus and what with?

Feininger Woodcut

14. Give one quote from the Manifesto

The ultimate aim of all creative activity is the building,”

15. Why did the Bauhaus have to move from Weimar? Give 4 reasons

November Revolution Luxembourg and Liebnecht killed
• newly established Communist Party.

How big was the Dessau Bauhaus? 42. and the imagination of a creative designer. jambs and sills. cracked. Kandinsky.500 marks. technology. Name one influential article by Gropius "The development of Modern Industrial Architecture" in 1913 21. Name 3 of Le Corbusier aims. open-air gymnasium. and frame seals. 33. Note 3 of the structural problems of Gropius’ House a) The house was built with steel frame sash windows which did not contain sill flashing. 24.450 [cubic meters]) 23.What was Gropius’ ideology Big issue see notes.• Seizure of power by workers in Russia • Weimar became vulnerable 20. peeling and damp glazing.. a) Classical order of pure forms b) The supremacy of function over aesthetic considerations . 22. Itten 25. How much did it cost to build? 902.445 [cubic yards] (32.aware of social conditions “truth to materials” attempted to bridge the gap between business. c) glass is assuming an ever greater structural importance d) the possibility of turning the top of the house to practical account as a sun loggia. Who taught there? Klee. or children's playground 30. b) Interior problems consisted of deteriorated and damp plaster at the window soffits. c) Exterior problems consisted of corroded sashes. the lack of sill flashing led to deterioration of some framing elements and interior finishes caused from water penetration. b) steel or concrete framework. what was crucial to their teaching? Craftsmanship and design 26. and window frame corrosion distressing the plate glass. What was so innovative about the building? (4 things) a) the abolition of the separating function of the wall.

but also providing openness and light) j) roof garden.white on the outside. and to use the land efficiently. purity. c) Rational organisation 34. 35. and human proportion b) "pilotis" -. a colour with associations of newness. Give one way he achieved this. non-traditional transitions between floors -.spiral staircases and ramps h) built-in furniture i) ribbon windows (echoing industrial architecture. Which 2 influential books did he write? a) L’Esprit Nouveau 1920-25 b) Vers une Architecture 1923 37. and planes of subtle color in the interior living areas f) a very open interior plan g) dynamic . What was innovative about Villa Savoye ? Name 11 innovations. These also suggest a modernized classicism. c) no historical ornament d) abstract sculptural design e) pure colour -. When the Cathedrals were White). and health (Le Corbusier earlier wrote a book entitled. simplicity. a) modular design -. Given a career question which 3 buildings of Gropius would you choose? a) Villa Savoye 1929-30 b) Unité D’Habitation Marseilles 1947-52 c) Notre Dame du Haut Ronchamp 1950-54 40.the house is raised on stilts to separate it from the earth.the result of Corbu's researches into mathematics. with both plantings and architectural (sculptural) shapes k) integral garage (the curve of the ground floor of the house is based on the turning radius of the 1927 Citroen) . architecture (the golden section). Reinforced concrete frames allowed free planning of interior and exterior walls and liberal use of glass.

while the curved shape of the walls creates secondary spaces which are used as smaller chapels. 51. This roof is supported by reinforced concrete struts which also serve to strengthen the massive wall of local stone spray-coated with 'Gunnire'. filling the interior with coloured light. e) 58. like 'bottles into a wine rack' as the architect put it. b) The southern "wall of light" is pierced by a multiplicity of irregular openings containing stained glass.600 people is the late modern counterpart of the mass housing schemes of the 1920s. A small gap which separates the shell of the roof from the outer walls makes the curvilinear surface of the roof seem to float above the interior. Name 4 innovations of the Ronchamp Church a) dark roof with complex curvature floats over curving walls made of two reinforced concrete membranes. similarly built to alleviate a severe postwar housing shortage. c) A place for private prayer. and the main chapel is enlarged on the east side by an exterior altar for the use of pilgrims. Give the main innovation of the Johnson Wax building." 54. and 3 towers transmit light down from above into the chapel. into which are slotted precast individual apartment units. . b) Although the program of the building is elaborate. twelve-story apartment block for 1. twenty-three different apartment configurations were provided to acccommodate single persons and families as large as ten. c) Through ingenious planning. Why was Falling Water innovative? Give 14 reasons. nearly all with double-height living rooms and the deep balconies that form the major external feature. d) The floor plan follows the natural slope of the terrain down towards the altar. A ray of light penetrates through the junction between walls and roof. Name 3 innovations of Unité D’Habitation a) The giant. Give 9 reasons why the Frank Lloyd Wright Prairie House was innovative? a) asymmetrical b) horizontal relation to ground c) unified interpenetrating interior spaces. holding only 50 people. ‘screen walls d) overhanging roofs e) set back walls f) use of elongated Roman bricks g) leaded windows h) central chimney i) bolted steel beams (for him to see neighbours without being seen) 67. Lily pad capitals 68. structurally it is simple: a rectilinear ferroconcrete grid.

metal. reinforced concrete b) wood flooring. Describe the Guggenheim in 12 ways a) Commissioned by Solomon R Guggenheim to house a collection of art. natural materials c) modernist idiom as no ornamentation d) crisp geometric forms e) structural techniques exploited to link exterior with interior and to achieve spatial effects f) natural densely wooded valley g) exposed rock h) fusion with nature’an extension of the cliff’ i) stepped terraces echo strata of rocky ledges j) cave like k) ‘human tenure on this earth…indicative of freedom’ l) interior rough stone walls and stone flagged floors m) contrast of vertical chimney n) no main entrance 82. b) Innovatory solution to non domestic building c) Two distinct blocks linked by sweeping horizontal band d) Spatial sequence goes from low entrance bto high unitary toplit special spaceof communal area e) Symbolism of light from above f) Sense of inner sanctume sealed off from the world g) Internal space composed of interpenetrating horizontal layers of cantilevered projections h) Organic whole and total work of Art… (Bauhaus comparison) i) ‘let the room inside be the architecture outside’ j) spiral ramptapering outwards interior counter-curve of stair/lift well k) poured reinforced concrete-white painteinterior contains pond and plants l) ‘a quiet unbroken wave’ . a) glass.