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Info to nail GMAT quant – compiled by dreamz and tictaktoe/piyusht

QUANT THEORY

1) nPr = n!/(n-r)!
2) nPn = n!
3) nCr = n!/(n-r)!r!
4) nCn = 1
5) n
P0 = 1

6) nC0 = 1
7) AP An = a + (n-1)d
Sn = n/2[2a + (n-1)d]
8) GP An = ar(n-1)
Sn = a(rn – 1 )/ (r-1)
S∞ = a/(1-r)
9) 1 mile = 1760 yards
10)1 yard = 3 feet
11) 1 mile2 = 640 acres
12) I gallon = 4 quarts gqpco 4228
13)1 quart = 2 pints
14)1 pint = 2 cups
15)1 cup = 8 ounces
16)1 pound = 16 ounces
17)1 ounce = 16 drams
18)1 kg = 2.2 pounds
19) 30-60-90 triangle  1:√3:2 sides
20) 45-45-90 triangle  1:1:√2 sides
21) a3>b3  a>b
22)If A than B => not B than not A
23)Zero divided by any nonzero integer is zero.
24)Division by 0 is undefined.
25)

two sets of vertical angles can be seen in the corners of the X that is formed on the picture. Its intercepted arcs are . Its intercepted arc is the minor arc from A to B. four angles are formed. m<CEA = 120º (vetical angle) m<BEC and m<DEA = 60º by straight line. you automatically know the to the set of vertical angles. also. Once you have found ONE of these [Note: the intercepted arcs belong angles.) . Angle Formed Outside of a Circle by the Intersection of: "Two Tangents" or "Two Secants" or "a Tangent and a Secant". start with the larger arc. The formulas for all THREE of these situations are the same: Angle Formed Outside = Difference of Intercepted Arcs (When subtracting. Angle Formed Inside by Two Chords = <BED is formed by two intersecting Sum of Intercepted Arcs chords.] sizes of the other three by using your knowledge of vertical angles (being equal) and adjacent angles forming a straight line (adding to 180). m<ABC = 60º Angle Formed Inside of a Circle by Two Intersecting Chords: When two chords intersect "inside" a circle. At the point of intersection. Tangent Chord Angle = Intercepted Arc <ABC is an angle formed by a tangent and chord. Tangent Chord Angle: An angle formed by an intersecting tangent and chord has its vertex "on" the circle. Remember: vertical angles are equal.

The intercepted arcs are minor arcs BD and AE. The intercepted arcs are minor arc AC and major arc AC. These two arcs together comprise the entire circle. a Tangent and a Secant: <ABD is formed by a tangent and a secant intersecting outside of circle O. Thus the angle formed by the two tangents and its first intercepted arc also add to 180º. 26) The standard deviation is a statistic that tells you how tightly all the various examples are clustered around the mean in a set of data. When the examples are spread apart and the bell curve is relatively flat. the standard deviation is small. The intercepted arcs are minor arcs AC and AD. Two Tangents: <ABC is formed by two tangents intersecting outside of circle O. Two Secants: <ACE is formed by two secants intersecting outside of circle O. that tells you have a relatively large standard deviation. 27) n(A ∪ B ∪ C) = n(A) + n (B)+ n(C) – n(A ∩ B) – n(A ∩ C) – n(B ∩ C) + n(A ∩ B ∩ C) . Special situation for this set up: It can be proven that <ABC and central <AOC are supplementary. When the examples are pretty tightly bunched together and the bell-shaped curve is steep.

31)1 + 2 + 3 ……………….66 66 2/3 1/4 0.28) n(Aonly) = n(A) – n(A ∩ C) – n(A ∩ B) + n(A ∪ B ∪ C) 29)Dividend = Divisor * Quotient + Remainder 30)LCM * HCF = Product of 2 numbers..4 40 3/5 0.33 33 1/3 2/3 0.5 50 1/3 0.2 20 2/5 0.25 25 3/4 0.75 75 1/5 0.n = n * n+1 / 2 32) Sum of squares of 1st n natural numbers = n (n+1)(2n+1) / 6 33) Sum of cubes of 1st n natural numbers = [n (n+1)/2]2 34) Squares and Cubes Number ( x ) Square ( x 2 ) Cube ( x 3 ) 1 1 1 2 4 8 3 9 27 4 16 64 5 25 125 6 36 216 7 49 - 8 64 - 9 81 - 10 100 - 11 121 - 12 144 - 13 169 - 14 196 - 15 225 - 16 256 - 17 289 18 324 19 361 21 441 22 484 23 529 24 576 25 625 35) Fractions and Percentage: Fraction Decimal Percentage 1/2 0.8 80 .6 60 4/5 0.

05 5 1 / 100 0.625 62 1 / 2 7/8 0. Different distances in same time we take AM Av Speed is = a + b / 2 37) Simple Interest: SI = PRT / 100. 1/6 0. 44) (x+y) 8 = 8C8x8 + 8C7x7y + 8C6x6y2 + 8C5x5y3 + … + 8C2x2y6 + 8C1xy7 + 8C0y8 45) Sometimes we get so involved with the nitty-gritties of mathematics that we start functioning like automatons and stop thinking. The numbers will be 8.222 22 1 / 10 0.1 10 1 / 20 0.125 12 1 / 2 3/8 0.875 87 1 / 2 1/9 0. So Probability is 1/8 46)The number of integers from A to B inclusive is = B -A +1 47)Average of consecutive numbers: .24. Don’t fall prey to this trap. what is the probability that a number amongst the first 1000 positive integers is divisible by 8? Don’t start counting the multiples of 8! The figure of 1000 is a red herring.16.833 83 2 / 3 1/8 0.166 16 2/3 5/6 0.111 11 2/9 0. A = P + SI 38)1 Nickel = 5 cents 1 dime = 10 cents 1 quarter = 25 cents 1 half = 50 cents 1 dollar = 100 cents 39) Equilateral triangle.32…So.01 1 36)Average speed = Total distance / Total Time 1. For example. When equal distances are covered in different speed then we take the harmonic mean Av Speed = 2ab / a + b 2.375 37 1 / 2 5/8 0. 1 in every 8 numbers is a multiple of 8. even if you consider the first million integers. Area = (√3 * a2)/4 40) Area of trapezium = ½ (Height * Sum of parallel sides) 41)Arc Length = ( / 360) 2 r 42) Area of sector = ( / 360) r2 43)Equal chords are equidistant from the center. Use a little common sense.

z3 … zn are consecutive positive integers and their average is an odd integer => n is odd => sum of series is odd 58) In a triangle with sides of measure a. –x < y => -(-x) > y => x > -y 54) Fraction > (fraction)2 for all positive fractions 55) Fraction > √(fraction ) for all positive fractions 56) If n is a positive integer. the inequality sign reverses. . Eg from 13 to 77 = (13+77)/2 48) Slope = (change in y)/(change in x) 49) 00 = undefined 50) Slope = -1 Slope =2 Slope = 1 Slope = 0 Slope = infinity 51)Sum of interior angles of a polygon with n sides = (n-2)*180 52)Degree measure of one angle in a regular polygon with n sides = {(n-2)*180 }/n 53) When multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequality by a negative number. b and c. (n6)/2 = √(n12 / 4) 57) If z1. 60)When the question mentions prime number. z2. remember to think of 2 too. a-b<c<a+b 59)Before confirming try and back solve and make sure that u have answered what has been asked.

b. 62)Do not transport information from another statement unless considering both collectively. . where n is the number of sides of the polygon. It has just asked u to answer if they are consecutive. not if they are consecutive in order. 63)A-b = odd => a + b = odd 64) 65) 66) If a DS question simply asks whether a. then it is a right angled triangle. use your brain. c and d are consecutive integers. 67) Measure of an angle of a cyclic polygon = 180 – 360/n . if the sum of two angles = third angle.61)In a triangle.

74) If the difference between the largest and the smallest divisor of a number is X.O 70) Two circles will touch each or intersect each other if the distance between their centers d is such that R – r ≤ d ≤ R + r. where R and r are the radii of the two circles 71) Remainder of less than two means not just one. h = n + 1 Tim and Harry received an acre more than Neel => t + h = n+1 69) A B C D Let Triangle ABC be equilateral with each side of measure ‘a’ and AC ⊥ BD  AB = BD = AD = a  ∠a = ∠b = ∠c = 600  AC = √(a2 + a/2 2) = √3*a/2  Area = √3 * a2/4  Perimeter = 3a  Radius of circle O = a/√3 = AC * 2/3  Radius of circle O’ = √3a/6 = AC * 1/3 O’ . 12 midnight to 12 noon does not mention what days. Eg Both Tim and Harry received an acre of land more than Neel => t = n + 1. 72) Do not make unwarranted assumptions. it also means remainder of zero.68) Sometimes. 73) Standard deviation of a set is always negative and equals zero only if all elements of the set are equal. and hence you cannot find out the time period. the number is X + 1 . mistakes might also be committed by simply misreading the statement.

perimeter can be found a2 + b2 = diagonal2 a2 + b2 + 2ab = diagonal2+ 2ab (a + b)2 = diagonal2+ 2*area 77) √(y2) = |y| => y if y is positive.11M) /2 ] H = value of hour hand M = value of minute hand eg. DOES NOT NECESSARILY IMPLY THAT THEY WILL BE INTEGRAL LENGTHS. 81) The rule that one side of a triangle cannot be > sum of other two. Similarly. diagonal is known. if time is 2:30. the mean can be ZERO also. And. DIVIDING A WIRE INTO PIECES. If the question mentions mean of a set.75) Always remember the special watch out cases in DS questions. even if it has been mentioned that it covers a a distance 12 km downstream in 2 hours. minimum average = (20 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5)/5 maximum average = (5 + 20 + 20 + 20 + 20)/5 . and inclusive/exclusive is not mentioned. states only the time. (Hint : consider x=y=0) 84) When we say multiples between 16 and 260. that a boat covers a distance upstream in 3 hours. 83) x2 = 9*y2 does not necessarily imply that x2 > y2. -y if y is negative 78) angle = mod [(60H . take 16 and 260 to be exclusive. MAKE SURE OF WHAT THE QUESTION SAYS – INTEGER MEANS INTEGRAL LENGTH. only applies to sides. then H =2 and M =30 79) Every number raised to power 5 has the number itself as unit digit 80) If a + b + c = Z. 76) If area of a rectangle is known. b. 85) The statement implies : The hourly wage for each employee ranges from $5 an hour to $20 an hour. than the largest of a. and c cannot be greater than the mean of the other two. not angles 82) FINALLY.