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C 304/34 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 2. 10.


2. What authorities have received the incident reports, and what safety measures or other measures have been
taken as a result?

3. When does the Commission intend to submit proposals for investigations into other incidents in civil
aviation, as promised at the time of Parliament’s debate on the abovementioned directive?

4. When it draws up its proposals, will the Commission take account of the wish expressed in the past by
Parliament that it should publish the reports not only of accidents but also of incidents?

(1) OJ L 319, 12.12.1994, p. 14.

Answer given by Mr Kinnock on behalf of the Commission
(23 March 1998)

A number of the Member States of the Union, Belgium, Austria, Luxembourg and Italy have not yet
implemented the provisions of Council Directive 94/56/EC of 21 November 1994 establishing the fundamental
principles governing the investigation of civil aviation accidents and incidents. The Commission sent reasoned
opinions to the Member States which had not replied satisfactorily to the letter of formal notice sent in May 1997.
Even when legal transposition has taken place, there are still practical problems with the investigation of serious
incidents due to the different procedures of investigation. The Commission has therefore received very few
serious incident investigation reports and, as a result, it has not been possible to take further measures.

The pilot project of a European co-ordination center for aviation incidents reporting systems (ECCAIRS) carried
out by the Commission is now deemed sufficiently mature to become operational. A formal presentation of the
system will be organised in March and the Commission proposal, which will take account of the comments
received after this presentation, will be issued in 1998.

Council Directive 94/56/EC requires publication of accident reports and a more restricted circulation of incident
reports in order to take into account the very different nature of these occurrences. The Commission does not
intend to change these requirements in the immediate future. However, the Commission intends to examine the
whole question of the collection and dissemination of safety data as a preliminary activity before considering a
possible proposal for publication of safety information. The legitimate interest of the public will at all times
receive necessary attention.

(98/C 304/48) WRITTEN QUESTION P-0128/98
by John Iversen (PSE) to the Commission
(22 January 1998)

Subject: Transport of calves and maximum weights

In the Commission’s answer P-3757/97 (1) it is asserted, without documentary backing, that the best
slaughter-calves with a live weight of 300 kg can yield a carcass weight above 160 kg.

Even if this is were correct, it would still be mathematically impossible to obtain an average of 162 kg for all
calves of live weights below 300 kg.

On page 12 of the Commission’s report, COM(97)165, there is a breakdown of calves for slaughter in the
Netherlands from December 1996 to 1997 week/12. Column II shows calves which, regardless of the early
marketing premium, would have been delivered in those weight groups, i.e. the breakdown for 1995. These 84
464 calves had an average weight of 118.7 kg.

If Column II is extrapolated to include weight groups up to 165 kg, it is mathematically impossible to distribute
the remaining 284 150 calves delivered in the Netherlands over a sixteen week period among these weight groups
so as to end up with a weighted average of 162 kg for these 368 614 calves. Even if the remaining 284 150 calves
are assumed each to weigh 162 kg, the weighted average will still only be 154 kg.
2. 10. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 304/35

As of course all other calves will not be delivered at 300 kg live weight and with ‘good to excellent conformation’
there must have been errors in the Dutch and Belgian returns to Eurostat.

1. Will the Commission give documentary evidence of the average carcass weight for calves whose live
weight is less than 300 kg?

2. Will the Commission show the distribution of calves slaughtered in 1995 in the Netherlands and Belgium,
broken down by weight groups?

3. If this is claimed to be impossible, will the Commission state the estimated distribution among the weight
groups for the Netherlands and Belgium of slaughter calves which can produce an average weight of 162 kg?

(1) OJ C 174, 8.6.1998, p. 120.

Supplementary answer
given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission
(27 February 1998)

Further to its answer of 13 February 1998 (1), the Commission is now able to provide the following additional

The Commission takes note of the analysis provided by the Honourable Member in respect of weight references
for calves.

Since the Council opted for Eurostat references in designing the general rules for the early marketing premium
the Commission had to rely on information from Member States to its Statistical office. Within the category of
calves, i.e. animal up to a maximum of 300 kilogrammes liveweight, information is provided on the total number
of veal calves slaughtered and the total carcase weight of those calves.

The reported 1995 figures for the Netherlands were 1 198 000 calves equal to 193 900 tonnes while the
corresponding figures in Belgium were 336 000 calves and 53 800 tonnes, equalling averages of 162
kilogrammes and 160 kilogrammes respectively.

In respect of the last two questions raised, the Commission does not receive statistical details from Member
States which would enable it to establish the weight distributions requested.

(1) OJ C 223, 17.7.1998, p. 120.

(98/C 304/49) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0130/98
by Kirsten Jensen (PSE) to the Commission
(30 January 1998)

Subject: GMO

Can the Commission confirm that a genetically modified tomato, which should be less perishable and therefore
rot more slowly than natural tomatoes, is about to be approved in the EU?

Does it think it is defensible to allow this product on the market when it contains an antibiotic-resistant gene
which can perhaps be transmitted to humans?