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C 304/52 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 2. 10.

98

(98/C 304/72) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0205/98
by Rainer Wieland (PPE) to the Commission
(11 February 1998)

Subject: Financing mother-tongue teaching abroad − mother-tongue teaching in the consular district of Stuttgart
(Germany)

In the consular district of Stuttgart (Germany) the Italian government intends to transfer the teaching of 9 600
Italian children from the Italian Cultural Institute to private organizations (Esslinger Zeitung of 4 December
1997; letter from Mr Virga (Stuttgart) to the Minister of Culture, Youth and Sport of the Land of
Baden-Württemberg).

What appropriations are used to fund the mother-tongue teaching of Union citizens living in other countries?

If this teaching is funded by Union appropriations, what is the amount involved and what are the rules for
granting and spending the funds?

If this teaching is only partially funded by Union money, is transferring the way the teaching is organized (and
the way in which it is performed) to a private body such as an association legally acceptable?

Is this transfer in line with the Commission’s political thinking?

Answer given by Mrs Cresson on behalf of the Commission
(24 March 1998)

The Commission acknowledges the concern expressed by the Honourable Member about the teaching of Italian
in the region of Stuttgart, but it has no competence to question the legitimacy of this decision.

According to Article 126 of the EC Treaty, Member States have exclusive responsibility for the content of
teaching and the organisation of educational systems and their cultural and linguistic diversity.

Moreover, Council Directive 77/486/CEE of 25 July 1977 on the education of the children of migrant
workers (1), envisages, in Article 3, that Member States shall, in accordance with their national circumstances
and legal systems, and in cooperation with States of origin, take appropriate measures to promote, in
coordination with normal education, teaching of mother tongue and culture.

(1) OJ L 199, 6.8.1977.

(98/C 304/73) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0207/98
by Konstantinos Hatzidakis (PPE) to the Commission
(11 February 1998)

Subject: Discrimination against the Greek agricultural trade union confederation SY.DA.SE

Is the Commissioner responsible for agricultural policy aware that the Greek agricultural trade union
confederation, the ‘Confederation of Democratic Agricultural Cooperatives of Greece’ (SY.DA.SE), which,
according to reliable sources, represents some 40% of Greek farmers is not represented in the COPA, even
though other Greek farmers’ confederations, such as PASEGES and the GESASE, are? I am sure that the
Commissioner will agree that this situation is contrary to the principles of democracy, pluralism and
representation which constitute fundamental principles of the European Union.
2. 10. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 304/53

In view of the above, will the Commissioner say whether he intends to take action to put an end to this
unacceptable situation and ensure that the 40% or so of Greek farmers who are SY.DA.SE members are
represented in the COPA?

Does the Commission also intend to take action to ensure that SY.DA.SE representatives sit on the agricultural
consultative committees and the Economic and Social Committee?

Finally, will the Commission say which Greek non-governmental organizations have been funded under the EU
budget (formerly budget heading 512 and currently B2/5122 during the years 1994, 1995, 1996 and 1997, and
what level of funding has been provided?

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission
(16 March 1998)

The Honourable Member should note that the Committee of Agricultural Organisations in the European
Community (COPA) is completely independent of the Commission; it has its own articles of association and its
own governing bodies. The Commission cannot therefore comment on the admission of any organisation to
COPA, or its refusal to admit an organisation.

The members of the consultative committees are appointed on the basis of a proposal from the European farming
organisations, not from the national ones.

The Honourable Member is reminded that the Council appoints the members of the Economic and Social
Committee (second paragraph of Article 194 of the EC Treaty), not the Commission.

The Commission however maintains regular contacts with any farming organisations that so wish.

For information, the Honourable Member will find below a breakdown of the grants made since 1994 to Greek
non-governmental organisations under budget headings B2-514 and B2-5122:

1994 GESASE 24 000 ecus
SYDASE 10 000 ecus
1995 Ktinotrofiki 12 000 ecus
Institute of Cooperation 10 000 ecus
Coop. Greek livestock breeders 8 200 ecus
Passeges 29 800 ecus
SYDASE 15 000 ecus
1996 University of Athens 9 114 ecus
Passeges 30 000 ecus
1997 SYDASE 12 000 ecus
GESASE 28 000 ecus
Passeges 15 000 ecus
GESASE (visit) 10 000 ecus
SYDASE (visit) 12 000 ecus

For 1998, however, the Commission would draw the Honourable Member’s attention to the fact that Parliament
committed 98% of the appropriations to the major European organisations in the commentary on budget heading
B2-5122, leaving only ECU 100 000 to fund organisations pursuing aims in problem sectors and in the countries
of central and eastern Europe.

(98/C 304/74) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0208/98
by Katerina Daskalaki (UPE) to the Commission
(11 February 1998)

Subject: Problems facing the olive oil market

The olive oil market is facing serious problems owing to overproduction, both in the Community and worldwide,
which has resulted in marketing difficulties and a fall in prices.