You are on page 1of 2

2. 10.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 304/91

If so, what should be the criteria for awarding aid and who should receive such funding?

What other measures to assist mountain regions are planned to take account of the special features of these
regions?

Are studies under way to establish what effects a continuing drift from rural areas will have on the ecological and
economic situation of mountain regions?

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission
(31 March 1998)

The Commission is aware of the importance of mountain regions and of the special problems referred to by the
Honourable Member. This is shown by the special aid provided for such regions under the common agricultural
policy and rural development policy. The Commission proposals for the future rural development policy do not
include the creation of a specific objective for mountain regions, or the Alps in particular. However, the rural
development programmes will permit increased, decentralised support for the various aspects of agriculture and
for mountain regions and will enable measures to be better tailored to and targeted on the specific needs of the
sector in the different regions of the Community. Given the special characteristics of mountain areas, these
should particularly benefit.

As regards the Honourable Member’s question about specific studies into the impact of the continuing drift from
rural areas on the economic and ecological situation of mountain areas, no such study is available at Community
level. The Commission has, however, launched a study into the environment and hill farming which also look at
the socio-economic situation of these regions.

(98/C 304/137) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0395/98
by Daniela Raschhofer (NI) to the Commission
(24 February 1998)

Subject: Effects of Agenda 2000 on the existing Community of Fifteen

When Agenda 2000 was published, there was extensive discussion of the pros and cons of the Union’s
enlargement to the East for its prospective members. Not enough consideration was given to the impact of
enlargement on the existing fifteen Member States.

Do any studies exist concerning the impact of enlargement to the East on the existing Community of Fifteen?

If so, where can these be found and who carried out the research?

Have any studies been conducted concerning Austria’s special position as the country with the longest common
frontier with the candidates for accession?

Have studies been made of the impact of enlargement to the East on the employment situation in the Community
of the Fifteen and in Austria, particularly its frontier regions, and if so, where can the findings of any such
research be consulted?

Have studies been made of the impact of enlargement on salaries and wage rates in the Community of the Fifteen
and in Austria, particularly its frontier regions, and if so, where can the findings of any such research be
consulted?

Have studies been made of the impact of enlargement on population movements in the Community of the Fifteen
and in Austria, particularly its frontier regions, and if so, where can the findings of any such research be
consulted?

Have studies been made to ascertain how many citizens of the acceding States will seek work in the Community
of the Fifteen and in Austria, particularly its frontier regions, and how many of them wish to settle there, and if so,
where can the findings of any such research be consulted?
C 304/92 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 2. 10. 98

Have studies been made to ascertain the impact of enlargement to the East on the various branches of the
economy in the Community of the Fifteen and in Austria, particularly its frontier regions, and if so, where can the
findings of any such research be consulted?

Have studies been made to ascertain the effects of enlargement to the East on the internal security of the
Community and Austria, particularly its frontier regions, and if so, where can the findings of any such research
be consulted?

If no research has been conducted into these various topics, why has none been commissioned?

Answer given by Mr Van den Broek on behalf of the Commission
(19 March 1998)

When preparing its Agenda 2000 (1) proposals, and in the current preparatory work for enlargement, the
Commission has carefully evaluated a large number of studies investigating the various likely effects of
enlargement on the Community. This includes the research undertaken by such well-reputed Austrian institutes
as WIFO, WIIW and IHS, which concur on the long term beneficial effects on the Austrian economy subsequent
to the accession of countries in which reform is well advanced.

The Commission’s analysis of the impact of enlargement on the Community and its policies has been published
and submitted to Parliament and the Council as an integral part of Agenda 2000 (Volume II).

The effects on regional structures, the labour market and various sectors mentioned by the Honourable Member
have been addressed in detail in the Commission’s above-mentioned communication.

As regards the effects on Austria’s border areas, the Honourable Member is referred to the answer given by the
Commission to written question P-293/98 by Mr Swoboda (2).

(1) COM(97) 2000 final.
(2) OJ C 223, 17.7.1998, p. 159.

(98/C 304/138) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0396/98
by Daniela Raschhofer (NI) to the Commission
(24 February 1998)

Subject: Assistance for frontier regions

Austria, as the country with the longest common frontier with the countries applying for Community
membership, will have to cope directly with the new circumstances created by Europe’s enlargement to the East.
That is one reason why there is increasingly vocal support in Austria for demands for special assistance to
compensate the frontier regions for the problems they are expected to face.

Has Austria officially requested the European Union for special assistance for its frontier regions?

What are the Commission’s views and position on this subject?

What form does the Commission consider any such assistance to the frontier regions might take?

What level of funding would be envisaged?

Answer given by Mrs Wulf-Mathies on behalf of the Commission
(18 March 1998)

The Austrian authorities have presented a paper to the Commission proposing a special programme for
assistance to regions of the Community bordering the Central and Eastern European countries (CEECs).