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C 304/120 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 2. 10.

98

(98/C 304/180) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0494/98
by Alexandros Alavanos (GUE/NGL) to the Council
(27 February 1998)

Subject: Application by the Turkish authorities of Article 14 of the Treaty of Lausanne

The sacrilegious attack on 3 February 1998 on the Church of the Annunciation to the Virgin Mary on the island of
Imbros − the perpetrators of which remain at large yet again − is part of a longstanding systematic policy aimed
at terrorizing the Greek community on the island. This policy is pursued either directly, e.g. the procedure for
drawing up the land register in Gallipoli (my questions E-375/96 (1) and E-3973/96 (2)), or indirectly in the form
of the Turkish authorities’ scandalous inertia in failing to arrest those guilty of crimes against the Greek minority
and the Orthodox Church.

Article 14 of the Treaty of Lausanne states: ‘The islands of Imbros and Tenedos, remaining under Turkish
sovereignty, shall enjoy a special administrative organization composed of local elements and furnishing every
guarantee for the native non-Moslem population in so far as concerns local administration and the protection of
person and property. The maintenance of order will be assured therein by a police force recruited from amongst
the local population by the local administration above provided for and placed under its orders.’

What measures will the Council take to persuade Turkey to implement the above special provision of the Treaty,
the aim of which is to safeguard the human, religious and minority rights of the Greeks on Imbros and Tenedos?

(1) OJ C 122, 25.4.1996, p. 39.
(2) OJ C 186, 18.6.1997, p. 146.

Answer
(28 May 1998)

The Council regrets the recent developments and is well aware that, under the Treaty of Lausanne of July 1923,
the Turkish Government has undertaken commitments towards non-Moslem minorities regarding the protection
of persons and property.

The European Council, meeting in Luxembourg on 12 and 13 December 1997 recalled, in line with the Council
position expressed at the Association Council with Turkey on 29 April 1997, that strengthening Turkey’s links
with the European Union also depended on Turkey’s pursuit of reforms, including the alignment of human rights
standards and practices on those in force in the European Union as well as respect for and protection of
minorities, which also encompass religious minorities.

The Council expects all countries aspiring to membership of the European Union to respect international law and
their treaty obligations as well as to subscribe to the Union’s goals.

The situation regarding democracy and human rights in Turkey remains high on the Council’s agenda. These
issues are brought up regularly during contacts with the Turkish authorities.

(98/C 304/181) WRITTEN QUESTION P-0512/98
by Carlos Carnero González (GUE/NGL) to the Commission
(17 February 1998)

Subject: Use of Objective 2 Structural Funds in the Autonomous Community of Madrid

The media have recently been reporting criticisms by the Federation of Madrid Municipalities (FMM) of the way
in which the government of the Autonomous Community of Madrid (CAM) has been managing the Structural
Funds received by the region under Objective 2. In view of the importance of this matter,
1. Is the Commission aware of the reasons why the CAM left about ESP 9 000 million of Structural Fund
money unused in the three-year period 1994-1996? If so, what is its view of a situation that is likely to result
in a significant loss of opportunity for those who benefit from application of the Funds?