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C 310/38 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 9. 10.

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It should be noted that contractual participation by industry is channelled through joint research consortia
including public and private organisations, with provision of 50% industrial co-financing to support the push to
attain the programme’s objective.

4. The conditions applying to such funding are set out in the information dossiers distributed for the
biotechnology programme. They can be summed up as follows:
− preliminary conditions of eligibility described in the form of project selection criteria;
− conditions governing the use of appropriations, the use of research results, the rights and obligations of the
parties vis-à-vis each other, the Commission and third parties (standard contract provisions);
− an obligation for all the programme’s research contracts (Annex II to Council Decision 94/912/EC of
15 December 1994 adopting a specific programme of research and technological development, including
demonstration, in the field of biotechnology (1994 to 1998) (1)) to contribute to the dissemination and
optimisation of results, to stimulate the technological role of SMEs, to demonstrate the techno-economic
feasibility of new products and processes likely to contribute to the Community’s objectives, and to
encourage evaluation of the impact of biotechnology on ethics, legislation and social affairs (‘ELSA’),
public perception and socio-economic activities.

(1) OJ L 361, 31.12.1994.

(98/C 310/45) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0209/98


by Katerina Daskalaki (UPE) to the Commission
(11 February 1998)

Subject: Problems facing citrus fruit producers

Greek producers of citrus fruits are facing an increasing serious situation problems this year, both because of a
massive increase in worldwide overproduction of oranges and owing to GATT commitments.

Bearing in mind that the Community decisions of July 1996 in effect abolish withdrawal, reduce prices and cut
production of fruit juice, and given the particular problems facing remote regions of the European Union, such as
Crete, will the Commission say what measures it intends to take to ensure the survival of citrus fruit producers?

In particular:
1. Does it intend to revise the preferential agreements between the EU and third countries (Mediterranean and
non-Mediterranean) countries?
2. Does it intend to amend the existing Community arrangements regarding fruit and vegetables?

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission


(11 March 1998)

The Honourable Member’s description of the new common organisation of the market (COM) is not in keeping
with the actual situation.

1. Citrus fruit imports from third countries − which, it is worth noting, are down on the preceding marketing
year − are not responsible for the problems experienced by citrus growers in Greece. Theirs are structural
problems such as poor diversification, a weak marketing structure and a processing industry that is ill-suited to
producing competitive products.

The Commission does not, therefore, intend to alter the policy in this sector as regards preferential agreements
between the Community and third countries.
9. 10. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 310/39

2. The new market organisation provides for suitable machinery for overcoming these structural problems,
e.g. encouraging producers’ organisations that market their produce, creating operational funds and drawing up
operational programmes.

It is accordingly not the Commission’s intention to embark on a reform of the present arrangements governing
fruit and vegetables.

(98/C 310/46) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0217/98


by Gianni Tamino (V) to the Commission
(11 February 1998)

Subject: Derogations granted by Italy for slaughterhouses

In its answer to my previous question (E-3274/97) (1), the Commission stated that it would ‘contact the Italian
authorities with a request for further information on the subject’.

Article 56 of the law linked to the 1998 budget, containing ‘measures to stabilize public finances’, which was
finally adopted by the Italian parliament on 23 December 1997, has further extended the deadline (the previous
deadline having been laid down in Law No 228/1997 on ‘urgent provisions for preventing and tackling forest
fires in Italy, and measures in the spheres of civil protection, the environment and agriculture’) to 31 December
1998 for slaughterhouses, which have already been granted an extension of more than three years beyond the
deadline laid down in Community law.

Is the Commission aware of this latest decision and does it consider that it complies with the relevant Directives?

(1) OJ C 158, 25.5.1998, p. 75.

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission


(2 April 1998)

The Commission has contacted the Italian authorities and has requested further information concerning the facts
mentioned in the written question. The answer has not yet been received.

The Commission will now request the information once again.

(98/C 310/47) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0218/98


by Florus Wijsenbeek (ELDR) to the Commission
(11 February 1998)

Subject: New road toll in Poland

1. Is it true that since 1 January 1998 Poland has been levying a toll on Polish roads and that the tariff are
supposed to be in line with the Eurovignette?

2. Is it true that the tariffs for the Polish vignette are four times greater than the Eurovignette?

3. Is it true that it is harder for foreigners to obtain vignettes than for Poles?

4. Does the Commission intend to take action to nullify the consequences of the introduction of the new road
toll in Poland?