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9. 10.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 310/43

4. What measures as regards modernization, structural intervention and programmes did the Community take
in respect of the CAP and what sums were made available for the implementation thereof from the budgets
of the 1992-1997 period, broken down by year and Member State?
5. What measures and programmes were adopted for young farmers and the introduction of new technologies
in farm holdings and in the stockbreeding sector and what sums were allocated during the 1992-1997 period,
broken down by year and Member State?
6. Is there any correlation in absolute terms (ECU) between the reduction of agricultural spending of the
EAGGF, Guarantee Section, and the development of modernization and intervention measures for
agriculture for the 1992-1997 period, broken down by year and Member State?
7. What specific measures will be taken to check the steady decline in agricultural incomes and what steps can
be taken to ensure the development of a modern, competitive and self -sufficient agricultural sector in the
EU, faced with the challenges of international competition and the forthcoming enlargement of the EU?

Supplementary answer
given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission
(6 May 1998)

Because of the length of the answer, which includes a number of tables, the Commission is sending it direct to the
Honourable Member and to Parliament’s Secretariat.

(98/C 310/53) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0233/98

by Clive Needle (PSE) to the Commission
(13 February 1998)

Subject: Passenger safety in trains

Would the European Commission outline its activities with respect to passenger safety in trains, with particular
regard to those services which may be heavily used? In particular:
1. Is there any evidence to suggest that injuries will be worse on a heavily-loaded train than one which is lightly
loaded, on indeed that the opposite is true?
2. Are EU rules applicable to the number of passengers carried in trains?
3. Is railway rolling stock designed to specifications which will take a load ‘well in excess of full and standing’
and, if so, are there any restrictions (other than physical impossibility) on the numbers of passengers carried
in trains?

Answer given by Mr Kinnock on behalf of the Commission

(26 March 1998)

The Commission notes that rail accidents are, fortunately, not frequent and that travel by train is much safer than
other modes of land transport. Naturally, however, there is constant need for improvement.

On the specific questions raised:

1. There is some evidence that passengers standing in areas of carriages designed to absorb energy in an
accident (crumple zones) will suffer more severe injuries than if they were seated. However, there is no
comprehensive evidence on the relative severity of injuries sustained in fully or lightly loaded carriages.
This would depend on the nature of the accident.
C 310/44 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 9. 10. 98

2. There are no Community rules on the number of passengers carried in trains since this matter is not one of
Community legal competence.
3. In designing rolling stock, the load bearing capabilities are calculated and they are in excess of what a fully
laden carriage would weigh. There is therefore no physical limit, other than space, on the number of
passengers a carriage may carry. Of course individual operators are free to impose their own limits.

(98/C 310/54) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0245/98

by Petrus Cornelissen (PPE) to the Commission
(13 February 1998)

Subject: Car-jacking

1. Is the Commission aware of an audacious new type of car theft in Europe, that of car-jacking in which
drivers are forced to hand over the keys of their vehicle and the car-jacker then drives off with it?

2. Will the Commission examine, possibly in conjunction with the police, car manufacturers, consumer
organizations and insurance companies, what ways there are of tackling this new type of cross-border crime?

3. Will the Commission also pay particular attention to new technical options such as satellite tracking or
remote immobilization of stolen vehicles?

Answer given by Mrs Gradin on behalf of the Commission

(17 March 1998)

The Commission is aware through the reports echoed in recent months in the international press of the increasing
number of cases of car-jacking in Europe and in particular in Brussels.

In the framework of the cooperation in the field of justice and home affairs the Commission is managing
programmes aimed at reinforcing police cooperation (OISIN programme) and has presented a proposal (1) for a
programme of exchange and training aimed at reinforcing the capabilities to fight organised crime (Falcone

Moreover, the Commission is closely associated with the work taking place within the Council addressing the
issue of law enforcement requirements for the development of technical measures to counter trafficking in stolen

On the basis of current expert studies on the subject, the Commission may also consider ways to adapt to
technical progress Council Directive 74/61/EEC of 17 December 1973 relating to devices to prevent the
unauthorised use of motor vehicles (2).

(1) OJ C 352, 20.11.1997.

(2) OJ L 38, 11.2.1974.

(98/C 310/55) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0247/98

by Christoph Konrad (PPE) to the Commission
(13 February 1998)

Subject: Exploitation of a dominant market position in telephone communications between mobile and fixed
telephone networks

The prices for telephone conversations between GSM mobile telephones and fixed telephone networks are set at
widely differing levels in the various European Union Member States. Moreover, in some markets these prices
have remained stable in spite of a considerable drop in the cost of expanding the network.