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9. 10.

98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 310/107

Has the Commission already earmarked specific financial support for specific action on a Community-wide basis
to provide information to the public, local authorities and NGOs, and if not, does it intend to do so, and in what
form and on what scale?

Answer given by Mrs Bjerregaard on behalf of the Commission

(24 April 1998)

The Commission co-funded in 1997 several projects in order to raise the awareness of environmental issues in
the Member States under the budget-line B4-3060. Among these are two which deal with Natura 2000.

The European union for coastal conservation has been supported to develop a project dealing with dissemination
of good practice experiences on integration of nature conservation and local economic development in the
coastal zone especially related to Natura 2000, and enhancement of public and political support for the
implementation of Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of
wild fauna and flora (1), the so-called Habitats Directive, and for the development of Natura 2000.

The World wild fund (WWF) − Italy has been supported to develop a project to raise awareness and knowledge
of the general public on the Habitats Directive, in order to help the establishment of Natura 2000. The project
includes a general public information campaign at European level including television spots, workshops and
pilot projects. The Commission published on 24 January 1998 under budget-line B4-3060 two calls for
proposals (2), under which actions for the awareness raising for Natura 2000 could be co-funded.

According to Council Decision 97/872/EC of 16 December 1997 on a Community action programme promoting
non-governmental organizations primarily active in the field of environmental protection (3), the Commission
has invited European non-governmental organizations whose activities cover all or some of the Member States
and countries neighbouring the Community to present proposals with a view to obtaining a financial
contribution. This contribution would be towards costs inherent in carrying out the activities provided for in their
annual work programme. Financial assistance under this call for proposals may be provided for activities which
are of Community interest, contribute significantly to the further development and implementation of
Community environmental policy and legislation and meet the principles underlying the fifth environmental
action programme.

A call for the submission of proposals for general measures to inform and increase awareness of the environment
refers to the first indent of Article B4-306 of the comments on the 1998 budget. The principal objective is to
improve information available to the general public and to raise its awareness level in relation to environmental
protection. It is also intended to create partnerships at a European level and to promote an efficient ecological
approach to economic activities.

(1) OJ L 206, 22.7.1992.

(2) OJ C 25, 24.1.1998.
(3) OJ L 354, 30.12.1997.

(98/C 310/144) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0632/98

by Mark Watts (PSE) to the Commission
(9 March 1998)

Subject: Export of live cattle from the EU to third countries

Further to Dr Fischler’s answer to Written Question E-3253/97 (1) given on behalf of the Commission on
7 November 1997, could the Commission now say:
1. How many live cattle were exported from the EU to third countries in 1997?
2. How many live cattle were exported from each individual EU Member State to each individual importing
third country in (i) 1996 and (ii) 1997?

(1) OJ C 134, 30.4.1998, p. 127.

C 310/108 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 9. 10. 98

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission

(6 April 1998)

1. The final figure for 1997 is not yet available. However, an estimate based on licence applications indicates
that the Community exported 271 483 live animals with export refunds.

2. In 1996 the Community exported 497 491 live animals. 79% of the Community exports went to Lebanon
(134 686 animals), Egypt (112 339 animals) Turkey (109 407 animals) and Libya (38 346 animals).

The main Community exporters of live animals are Germany (180 186 animals), Ireland (144 052 animals) and
France (92 869 animals) with 84% of the Community exports.

The figures for exports in 1996, showing how many live cattle were exported from each individual Member State
to each individual third country, are sent direct to the Honourable Member and to the Parliament’s secretariat.

(98/C 310/145) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0633/98

by Maartje van Putten (PSE) to the Commission
(9 March 1998)

Subject: Prevention of HIV/AIDS in the ACP countries and Central and Eastern Europe

Referring to the special hearing on HIV/AIDS prevention in Central and Eastern Europe hosted by the European
Parliament’s Development Committee, where it became obvious that the HIV/AIDS epidemic is in its ‘nascent’
stage and where it was noted that prevention measures are essential, can the Commission answer the following
1. Given the fact that most countries in Central and Eastern Europe have been classified as being in the nascent
stage of the HIV/AIDS epidemic as the rate of HIV infections, particularly among vulnerable groups such as
street-children and injecting drug users, has increased dramatically since 1995 and given the Union’s current
focus on Central and Eastern Europe in view of ’enlargement’, what measures are being taken to monitor the
nascent HIV epidemic in the region? Are there any special EU policies and/or programmes in any Eastern
European country which focus specifically on HIV/AIDS and what special attention is given to the
vulnerable groups as mentioned? Should PHARE and TACIS be restructured to include the monitoring and
prevention of HIV/AIDS?
2. With reference to the potential danger of an HIV/AIDS epidemic in Central and Eastern Europe and in the
former Soviet Union highlighted at the special meeting on HIV/AIDS which took place at the European
Parliament, what is the role of NGOs working in the region in HIV/AIDS prevention? How many of these
NGOs receive EU funding? Where do these funds come from?
3. To continue its HIV/AIDS programme in developing countries the sum of ECU 20 million has been allocated
under the 8th EDF for a five-year regional programme directed to all ACP countries. In what way are these
funds going to be allocated and to which groups within the society, for instance street-children, women, etc.?
What will the breakdown by region be? Will these funds be allocated directly to NGOs or through local

Answer given by Mr Van den Broek on behalf of the Commission

(8 April 1998)

The Commission is aware of the health situation in Central and Eastern Europe. In its opinions on the ability of
the applicant countries to integrate into the Community, the Commission stressed the need for them all, apart
from Slovenia, to reform their welfare systems, including their health systems, and to improve public health.