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C 310/108 EN Official Journal of the European Communities 9. 10.

98

Answer given by Mr Fischler on behalf of the Commission


(6 April 1998)

1. The final figure for 1997 is not yet available. However, an estimate based on licence applications indicates
that the Community exported 271 483 live animals with export refunds.

2. In 1996 the Community exported 497 491 live animals. 79% of the Community exports went to Lebanon
(134 686 animals), Egypt (112 339 animals) Turkey (109 407 animals) and Libya (38 346 animals).

The main Community exporters of live animals are Germany (180 186 animals), Ireland (144 052 animals) and
France (92 869 animals) with 84% of the Community exports.

The figures for exports in 1996, showing how many live cattle were exported from each individual Member State
to each individual third country, are sent direct to the Honourable Member and to the Parliament’s secretariat.

(98/C 310/145) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0633/98


by Maartje van Putten (PSE) to the Commission
(9 March 1998)

Subject: Prevention of HIV/AIDS in the ACP countries and Central and Eastern Europe

Referring to the special hearing on HIV/AIDS prevention in Central and Eastern Europe hosted by the European
Parliament’s Development Committee, where it became obvious that the HIV/AIDS epidemic is in its ‘nascent’
stage and where it was noted that prevention measures are essential, can the Commission answer the following
questions:
1. Given the fact that most countries in Central and Eastern Europe have been classified as being in the nascent
stage of the HIV/AIDS epidemic as the rate of HIV infections, particularly among vulnerable groups such as
street-children and injecting drug users, has increased dramatically since 1995 and given the Union’s current
focus on Central and Eastern Europe in view of ’enlargement’, what measures are being taken to monitor the
nascent HIV epidemic in the region? Are there any special EU policies and/or programmes in any Eastern
European country which focus specifically on HIV/AIDS and what special attention is given to the
vulnerable groups as mentioned? Should PHARE and TACIS be restructured to include the monitoring and
prevention of HIV/AIDS?
2. With reference to the potential danger of an HIV/AIDS epidemic in Central and Eastern Europe and in the
former Soviet Union highlighted at the special meeting on HIV/AIDS which took place at the European
Parliament, what is the role of NGOs working in the region in HIV/AIDS prevention? How many of these
NGOs receive EU funding? Where do these funds come from?
3. To continue its HIV/AIDS programme in developing countries the sum of ECU 20 million has been allocated
under the 8th EDF for a five-year regional programme directed to all ACP countries. In what way are these
funds going to be allocated and to which groups within the society, for instance street-children, women, etc.?
What will the breakdown by region be? Will these funds be allocated directly to NGOs or through local
governments?

Answer given by Mr Van den Broek on behalf of the Commission


(8 April 1998)

The Commission is aware of the health situation in Central and Eastern Europe. In its opinions on the ability of
the applicant countries to integrate into the Community, the Commission stressed the need for them all, apart
from Slovenia, to reform their welfare systems, including their health systems, and to improve public health.
9. 10. 98 EN Official Journal of the European Communities C 310/109

As part of the pre-accession strategy, the Phare programme is financing programmes to restructure health
systems to make them viable, adequate to social needs and capable of dealing with the particular public health
problems they face. These programmes are particularly aimed at developing primary health care, and take an
integrated and very direct approach to preventing the spread, which can be avoided, of potentially epidemic
diseases such as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and dealing appropriately with existing cases.
Financing is also provided for applicant countries that wish to participate in the four Community health
programmes, including the programme of Community action on the prevention of AIDS and certain other
communicable diseases within the framework for action in the field of public health (1996 to 2000) introduced by
Decision No 647/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 March 1996 (1). Provided the
necessary legal bases are in place, these countries will also be able to participate in the planned network for the
epidemiological surveillance of communicable diseases.

In addition, projects financed by the Phare and Tacis LIEN programme, open to initiatives from non-
governmental organisations (NGOs), include projects involving AIDS prevention and treatment. For example,
between 1995 and 1997 six NGOs received financing totalling almost ECU 1 million for projects specifically
designed to combat AIDS in Poland, Romania and Albania.

The human immune deficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) programme in
developing countries has several financial sources that can be used for its activities. The majority of the funds
come from the national indicative programmes (NIP) of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries and
the specific country or regional budgets for other developing countries.

The yearly AIDS budget, ECU 15 million, can also be used for innovative and pilot phase action in all developing
countries. To finance regional actions, mainly in the field of capacity building, training, research and information
exchange, ECU 20 million is to be allocated for the next five years for the ‘all ACP’ regional funds. Procedures
for appropriation are ongoing.

Vulnerable groups are the main beneficiaries of this programme, as has been confirmed by the two evaluations
made of the programme. The specific breakdown by region for the future allocation of the ECU 20 million cannot
be specified for the moment. However governments, NGOs and the private sector are partners in the programme.

The programme of Community action on the prevention of AIDS and certain other communicable diseases
within the framework for action in the field of public health was adopted by the Parliament and the Council in
order to contain the spread of AIDS and reduce mortality and morbidity due to communicable diseases (Decision
No 647/96/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 March 1996). This five-year programme
(1996-2000) is open to participation by the associated countries of Central and Eastern Europe, in accordance
with the conditions laid down in the additional protocols to the association agreements relating to participation in
Community programmes. A draft association Council decision is being prepared on the participation of Hungary
and Romania in the programme. Slovenia, Lithuania and Bulgaria have also expressed interest in participation,
whilst Estonia and Poland are not interested. In order to monitor the HIV epidemic in Europe, the programme on
the prevention of AIDS and other communicable diseases is supporting the activities of the European centre for
the epidemiological surveillance of the AIDS epidemic and HIV infection. This system allows national
surveillance data to be collected, analysed, interpreted and disseminated throughout Europe.

(1) OJ L 95, 16.4.1996.

(98/C 310/146) WRITTEN QUESTION E-0634/98


by Angela Sierra González (GUE/NGL) to the Commission
(9 March 1998)

Subject: Parlevilet company installation in Puerto de Las Palmas

Various social groups − including fishermen’s associations, sardine canners, cold-storage operators and
Greenpeace − have made public their opposition to the installation of a refrigeration plant with an overall
capacity of 200 000 cubic metres by the Dutch concern Parlevilet in Puerto de la Luz y de Las Palmas (Canary
Islands).